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					Welcoming a future wherein decisions and actions for the benefit of humankind are more fully informed by
Earth observations, science and associated information products and services;
Recognizing that the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) represents a critical step towards
advancing the goals and implementation of international environmental treaties and contributes significantly to
addressing climate change, enhancing human health and safety, protecting the global environment, achieving
food security, alleviating poverty and harnessing knowledge and innovation for social, environmental and
economic well-being;
Emphasizing the importance of ensuring long-term, sustainable and reliable operations of land, sea,
atmosphere and space-based Earth observation networks and systems and the availability of their data, within
the framework of national mandates and international obligations;
Valuing the cross-cutting and integrated approach that GEOSS takes, whereby observations and information
are shared across societal benefit areas, thus providing the most cost-effective way of implementing Earth
observation systems;
Noting with satisfaction the contributions to GEOSS made by Members and Participating Organizations and
GEO’s numerous achievements as described in the Report on Progress and exhibited at this Summit, and
which are already delivering multiple social, environmental and economic benefits;
Noting with particular satisfaction the GEOSS Data Sharing Implementation Guidelines and Action Plan and
the establishment of the operational GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI), which significantly improves
access to global Earth observation data and resources;Acknowledging the findings and recommendations of the
Report on the Mid-Term Evaluation of GEOSS Implementation;
1. Endorse the refined GEO Targets, which are set out in “Strategic Targets: GEOSS Implementation by
2015” and are aligned with the 10-Year Implementation Plan;
2. Urge all governments and organizations to take the necessary measures to: (i) sustain and enhance both in-
situ and space-based observation systems, which are vital for monitoring and addressing all GEO Societal
Benefit Areas;(ii) channel additional resources into supporting capacity-building including user engagement
and research and development, especially in developing countries; and (iii) support the long-term, sustainable
and reliable operations of GEOSS, including the shared architectural and information infrastructure
components;
3.     Commit to (i) maximize the number of documented datasets made available on the basis of full and open
access; (ii) create the GEOSS Data Collection of Open Resources for Everyone (GEOSS Data CORE), a
distributed pool of documented datasets with full, open and unrestricted access at no more than the cost of
reproduction and distribution; and (iii) develop flexible national and international policy frameworks to ensure
that a more open data environment is implemented, thus putting into practice actions for the implementation of
the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles;
4.     Call on United Nations bodies, other international organizations, and multilateral and bilateral donor
agencies to further contribute to the implementation of GEOSS, to support capacity building for the users of
GEOSS and to embrace the GEOSS Data Sharing Implementation Guidelines and Action Plan;
5.     Encourage the provision of data and information to all emerging GEOSS initiatives, such as (i) a global
carbon observation and analysis system, including the Global Forest Observation Initiative, for addressing
mitigation and adaptation to climate change; (ii) the GEO Biodiversity Observation Network for monitoring
and conserving biodiversity; and (iii) a global land cover initiative for understanding land use, land-use change
and urbanization;
6. Support the establishment of national GEO coordination mechanisms among relevant ministries, institutions
and agencies; and the adoption of national measures and investments to strengthen the science, technology,
education and user engagement components of GEOSS and to promote and monitor engagement with the
implementation of GEOSS Data Sharing Principles;
7.     Resolve to meet before the end of 2013 to review the progress of implementation against the GEOSS
Strategic Targets and the recommendations for the governance, role and future work of GEO beyond 2015 and
to take the necessary decisions; and
8.     Thank the Government of China for organizing and hosting the GEO 2010 Ministerial Summit and thus
advancing international cooperation on Earth observation systems.
Report of the User Interface Commettee, GEO VII, Beijng, Nov 2010

http://www.earthobservations.org/documents/geo_vii/16_Report%20of%20the%20User%20Interface%20Com
mittee.pdf


2.5 Communities of Practice
CoPs play a critical role in implementing GEO’s mission, connecting GEO to the broader scientific and user
communities, and leveraging the synergies and potential that exist when groups and individuals collaborate
toward a common goal. As self-organized groups, each GEO CoP charts its own path in coordination with
GEO’s mission, Committees, Tasks, and objectives. However, in general, CoPs:
•     Develop a shared vision for the most important work they can do to promote application of earth
observations for societal benefit, and then work to achieve that vision;
•     Define which earth observation data and products are most important within their area of shared interest
and how they can be applied to address issues and tasks identified by GEO. Lead or contribute to GEO
Tasks/Sub-tasks within their field of expertise;
•     Seek members and partners within GEO and from external organizations and communities. Raise
awareness of the importance of earth observations for as a critical tool for societal benefit;
•     Actively connect colleagues with GEO through networking and outreach (e.g., participation in
workshops/conferences/task forces);
3/9GEO-VII Plenary – 3-4 November 2010 Document 16
•      Engage end users through workshops, networking, and interactive websites in identifying issues and
potential solutions for societal benefit through application of earth observations.
The UIC discussed the latest version of guidance to groups wishing to become known as GEO Communities of
Practice. The documentation being drafted within the UIC intends to elaborate on the concepts identified
above, and provide further guidance, clarification, and expectations on the relationship between GEO and
Communities of Practice. Upon completion, this documentation will be available on the GEO UIC web site.




Midterm Evaluation

The Working Group takes great pleasure in noting the overall finding of the Evaluation Team that “GEOSS
represents an important new Earth observation community and network and has raised the visibility of the
importance and need for integrated global Earth observations”, and that “GEOSS implementation sufficiently
reflects high-level Ministerial priorities including those contained in the Cape Town Declaration.”



Data Sharing Action Plan:
http://www.earthobservations.org/documents/geo_vii/07_GEOSS%20Data%20Sharing%20Action%20Plan%2
0Rev1.pdf
DS Implementation Guidelines.

http://www.earthobservations.org/documents/geo_vi/07_Implementation%20Guidelines%20for%20the
%20GEOSS%20Data%20Sharing%20Principles%20Rev2.pdf

This plan:
•      builds upon the crucial concept of full and open exchange and on the Implementation Guidelines
accepted by the GEO Plenary, which states that data, metadata and products made available through the
GEOSS are made accessible with minimal time delay and with as few restrictions as possible, on a non-
discriminatory basis, at minimum cost for no more than the cost of reproduction and distribution;
•      notes that the achievement of full and open exchange of, and access to, key datasets will require actions
by GEO collectively, by Members and Participating Organizations individually, and by GEOSS tasks and
cross-cutting activities;
•      recognizes that GEOSS is composed of voluntarily contributed systems and data, which are governed by
pre-existing laws, policies and practices that may not, at this time, be fully compatible with the concept of full
and open exchange of data, metadata and products;

acknowledges that GEO welcomes all data contributions into GEOSS, including data with restrictions based
on legitimate reasons, with data providers identifying these restrictions when registering data in GEOSS;

- GEO collectively to:
1.     Create the GEOSS Data Collection of Open Resources for Everyone (GEOSS Data- CORE) to
address GEO Societal Benefit Areas. The GEOSS Data-CORE is a distributed pool of documented datasets,
contributed by the GEO community on the basis of full and open exchange (at no more than the cost of
reproduction and distribution) and unrestricted access;
2.     Establish a Task Force within GEO to: a.        Monitor the use and impact of resources made available
with full and open
access;
b. Promote the efficacy of the Data Sharing Principles in delivering societal benefits;
c.     Evaluate the outcomes of this Action Plan and recommend further actions, including any mechanisms
needed to further enhance the ability of the GEOSS architecture to provide access to data, metadata and
products.
3. Maintain the GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI) as the architectural framework essential to
implementing the Data Sharing Principles;
4.     Integrate implementation of the Data Sharing Principles, as appropriate, into the activities of GEO Work
Plan Tasks and GEO Committees;
- GEO Members to:
5.     Take leadership to establish national coordinating mechanisms to promote and monitor engagement
with the implementation of the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles and provide feedback to GEO;
6. Develop flexible policy frameworks to ensure that a more open data environment is implemented;
- GEO Members and Participating Organizations to: 7. Maximise the number of documented datasets
made available on the basis of full and open
access;
a. When no information about usage rights and restrictions is provided, the presumption within GEOSS will be
that the data are fully and openly available with no restrictions on use and dissemination.
8.     Promote with data providers within their territories the benefits of full and open access to data.




GEOS Strategic Targets
http://www.earthobservations.org/documents/geo_vi/12_GEOSS%20Strategic%20Targets%20Rev1.pdf

As GEOSS is a system of systems, the wording “GEO aims to” refers to GEO Members and Participating
Organizations acting individually or in concert. GEO as an intergovernmental group will facilitate, advocate,
and promote the achievement of these targets.

Definition of GEOSS
The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) is a coordinating and integrating network of Earth
observing and information systems, contributed on a voluntary basis by Members and Participating
Organizations of the intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO).

GEOSS Vision and Purpose
(GEOSS 10-Year Implementation Plan, February 2005)
“The vision for GEOSS is to realize a future wherein decisions and actions for the benefit of humankind are
informed by coordinated, comprehensive and sustained Earth observations and information.
The purpose of GEOSS is to achieve comprehensive, coordinated and sustained observations of the Earth
system, in order to improve monitoring of the state of the Earth, increase understanding of Earth processes, and
enhance prediction of the behaviour of the Earth system. GEOSS will meet the need for timely, quality long-
term global information as a basis for sound decision making, and will enhance delivery of benefits to society
in the following initial areas:
•      Reducing loss of life and property from natural and human-induced disasters;
•      Understanding environmental factors affecting human health and well-being;
•      Improving management of energy resources;
• Understanding, assessing, predicting, mitigating, and adapting to climate variability and change;
•      Improving water-resource management through better understanding of the water cycle; •
       Improving weather information, forecasting, and warning; • Improving the management and protection
of terrestrial, coastal, and marine ecosystems; •     Supporting sustainable agriculture and combating
desertification;
•      Understanding, monitoring, and conserving biodiversity.


The GEOSS Strategic Targets, which were accepted by the GEO-VI Plenary, set out a number of Strategic
Goals of GEO in support of GEOSS3: In the domain of Data Management and in support of these the Strategic
Goals, it is stated that before 2015, GEO aims to:
•      Provide a shared, easily accessible, timely, sustained stream of comprehensive data of documented
quality, as well as metadata and information products, for informed decision- making.
The vision set out in the GEOSS Strategic Targets is that this target will, by 2015, be demonstrated by:
• Increased use of observations through advances in all aspects of life-cycle data management, integration, and
data recovery and conversion;
•      Removal of important data management deficiencies;
•      Enhanced information extraction from historical, current and future source data; and
•      Open, reliable, timely, consistent, and free4 access to a core set of essential environmental observations
and information products, supported by adequate metadata, by users across all GEOSS Societal Benefit Areas
in accordance with the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles.




Sweden Strongly Supports
GEOSS Amidst Concern for
Climate Change in Arctic Region
and Globally
http://www.earthzine.org/2010/11/15/sweden-strongly-supports-geoss-amidst-concern-for-climate-change-in-
arctic-region-and-globally/

Today, Sweden directly supports the work of GEO through a contribution to the
GEO trust fund. At the international level, many of our contributions are channeled
through existing European collaborations in the frameworks of ESA [European
Space Agency],EUMETSAT [European Organization for the Exploitation of
Meteorological Satellites] and ECMWF [European Centre for Medium-Range
Weather Forecasts] and through Europe’s dedicated contribution to GEOSS, the
Global Monitoring for Environment and Security Programme, GMES.

Environmental, societal and economic challenges are tough, and GEO must and
will play a vital role in finding and creating the solutions. Observe, share, inform:
We have the pieces in our hands. It is our collective responsibility to put them
together in a joint entity, and to truly realize the full potential of GEOSS within all
GEO societal benefit areas.

3       RECOMMENDATIONS FROM GEO WORK PLAN SYMPOSIUM
The first Work Plan Symposium was held on 17-19 May 2010 in Pretoria, South Africa, convening over 80
participants from 30 GEO Members and Participating Organizations. The Symposium presented an
opportunity for Task contributors and Committee members to exchange preliminary ideas on the development
of the 2012-2015 Work Plan, including:
•       The development of the next Work Plan should involve the entire GEO community and aim at aligning
Overarching Tasks and sub-tasks with Strategic Targets.
•       The coordination role of Overarching Tasks should be further improved.
•       The next Work Plan should allow the GEO community to meet the Strategic Targets. People should be
invited to “think outside the box” and make proposals for a Work Plan primarily aimed at achieving Targets.
In this context, one could think of giving “implementation priority” to selected Tasks deemed essential to
reach specific Targets.
•       The 2012-2015 Work Plan should build upon the outcomes of the GEOSS Mid-Term Evaluation and the
work of the Monitoring and Evaluation Working Group in general.


Architecture & Data Management (ADC)
The vision is to have interoperable systems and coordinated, comprehensive and sustainable data to support
decision-making. Work Plan Tasks should be better aligned with Targets encouraging cross- Committee
cooperation. In the architecture realm, GEO needs to move to a sustainable model, beyond the GEOSS
Common Infrastructure, in other words, from demonstration to operations.

Capacity Building Committee (CBC)
The Capacity Building Strategy will be updated to match the 2012-2015 time period. The CBC will reflect on
the possible benefits of a revised structure for the 2012-2015 Work Plan. Sub-tasks may for example take the
form of “concepts” such as summer schools or training networks.

Science and Technology Committee (STC)
The two Science and Technology Tasks should continue to meet the research and development needs of
GEOSS. The 2012-2015 Work Plan should support the integration of ongoing research into implementation
and help strengthen connections between natural and socio-economic sciences.

User Interface Committee (UIC)
The next Work Plan should build upon the work and potential of Communities of Practice, including the Air
Quality, Biodiversity, Carbon, Coastal Zone, Energy, Forests, Geohazards, Global Agricultural Monitoring,
Health and Environment, and Integrated Global Water Cycle Communities of Practice.


4    TENTATIVE SCHEDULE FOR 2011
Dec-Feb: The entire GEO community, including Committees and Communities of Practice, is invited to
make proposals for the 2012-2015 Work Plan
March:Version 0 of the 2012-2015 Work Plan is prepared by the GEO Secretariat based on proposals from the
GEO community

April
May
June
July-Aug Sept
Work Plan V0 is circulated to the entire GEO community for technical review V0 is discussed by Task
contributors, Committees and Communities of Practice over
the 2011 Work Plan Symposium
Work Plan V1 is prepared by the GEO Secretariat based on technical comments and recommendations from
the Executive Committee and 2011 Work Plan Symposium
Work Plan V1 is circulated to GEO Principals for official review Work Plan V2 is prepared by the GEO
Secretariat based on official comments
Work Plan V2 is submitted to Plenary for “acceptance as a living document”



DSTF Action Plan
3. Vision – where do we want to be and by
when? • in support of GEOSS Strategic Targets, before 2015
GEO aims to:
Provide a shared, easily accessible, timely, sustained stream of
comprehensive data of documented quality, as well as metadata and
information products, for informed decision-making
• The vision set out in the GEOSS Strategic Targets will, by
2015: ��Increase use of observations through advances in all aspects
       
of life-cycle data
management, integration, and data recovery and conversion. ��
 Remove important data management deficiencies. �� Enhance
information extraction from historical, current and future source data.
�� Access to a core set of essential environmental observations and
  
information products, supported by adequate metadata, by users
across all GEOSS Societal Benefit Areas in accordance with the
GEOSS Data Sharing Principles.
ftp://ftp.earthobservations.org/ADC/meeting14_01-
03_September_2010/Presentation/Day1/DSTF_%20ADC%2014.pdf
DSTF Action Plan
5. What are the Barriers to implementing this
vision?
• Data providers have the perception that the implementation
of the full and open exchange of data, metadata and products
in GEOSS could pose challenges to their development,
resulting in limited revenue
• Legal frameworks in different countries also need to be
adapted in order to remove legal barriers that could slow the
implementation of the GEOSS Data Sharing
             �� ��
Principles�� �� principle of full and open access is currently
inconsistent with many national policies
• different disciplines, sectors and countries have different
legal and socio- cultural approaches to data sharing
• The GCI must therefore provide efficient and effective
support to the implementation of the GEOSS Data Sharing
             �� ��                             �� ��
Principles�� �� long-term operation of GCI�� �� resources
needed


DSTF Action Plan
6. What Actions need to be taken? (1) GEO
collectively
1. Create the GEOSS Data Collection of (Full and)
Open Resources for Everyone (GEOSS Data CORE) to
address GEO Societal Benefit Areas.
2. Establish a Task Force within GEO to: - Monitor the
use and impact of resources made available with full and open
access.
- Promote the efficacy of the Data Sharing Principles in
delivering societal benefits. - Evaluate the outcomes of this
Action Plan and recommend further actions, particularly in
liaison with GEO Committees.
3. Maintain the GEOSS Common Infrastructure (GCI) -
Categorization of Data Access Conditions - User Registration -
Data Tagging
4. Integrate implementation of the Data Sharing
Principles, as appropriate, into the responsibilities of
GEO committees

DSTF Action Plan
1. Introduction – why share data fully and
openly?
• Decision makers and managers must have access to the
information they need, when they need, and in format they can
use for assessment, prediction, decision
• Advanced understanding of the Earth system needed and
how its physical, chemical and biological components interact
with one another. Observing, modelling and understanding are
the keys to good decision making
• Major observational gaps still present. Observations
remain fragmented, incomplete or redundant and difficult to
integrate. Decision makers around the world need a global,
coordinated, comprehensive and sustained environmental
information system that supports action to be taken whenever
necessary


DSTF Action Plan
2. Background – what is the status of GEOSS
data sharing today? • DSP set out by 10yr
Implementation Plan • Role of DA-06-01 • Cape Town
Ministerial Summit in 2007 reinforced DSP
• DSTF established at GEO-V Plenary • ToR of the DSTF to
submit IG and AP
•  Promoting implementation of the principle of full and open
exchange of data according to GEOSS Data Sharing Principles
•    Encouraging GEOSS users to reuse and re-disseminate shared data,
metadata and products • Ensuring consistency in the implementation of
the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles with
relevant international instruments and national policies and legislation. •
     Implement pricing policies consistent with GEOSS Data Sharing
Principles. • Reducing time delays for making data available through
GEOSS. • Promoting research and education uses of GEOSS data,
metadata and products.


ftp://ftp.earthobservations.org/ADC/meeting14_01-
03_September_2010/Presentation/Day2/ADC%20strategy.ADC.14th%2
0v1.pdf


Drivers for the Future
New Strategic Targets (2015)
– Architecture: Achieve sustained operation, continuity and
interoperability of existing and new systems that provide essential
environmental observations and information, including the GEOSS
Common Infrastructure (GCI) that facilitates access to, and use of,
these observations and information.
– Data Management: Provide a shared, easily accessible, timely,
sustained stream of comprehensive data of documented quality, as
well as metadata and information products, for informed decision
making.
•
Evolving landscape
Inside GEO
Evolving needs (new user requirements) GCI toward operation, Data
Sharing Action Plan, ...
Progress made in GEO tasks and CoP
Horizontal: Supersites, Data Centres, ..., GIGAS, EuroGEOSS, ...
Vertical: Forest Carbon Tracking System, ..Outside Geo
Private Sector Platforms (GOOGLE Earth, Microsoft Virtual Earth,..)
Citizen participation: (GEO Wiki, Facebook, social networks,..)
New technologies: (Mobile, Cloud Computing, ..)


Elements of the maturity
model
��   Identification: Members identify resources and provide basic
information for further contact. Little/no direct access to data or
services. Web pages and documents predominate. (e.g. Web
model)
��   Affiliation: Members brand contributions with a common group
identity (GEOSS) for recognition. Information access and
technology are limited but diverse. Integration of resource content is
difficult. (e.g. Membership model)
��   Confederation: Members adopt a common approach but retain
rights of self-governance, access terms, and technology.
Information access is enhanced but multiple interfaces predominate.
Developers can assemble interfaces to multiple systems in weeks
(e.g. Community of Interest model)
��   Federation: Members agree to adopt common practices, data
access principles, terminology, devolving some authority to a
common governance body. Information content and services are
well-described and some common interfaces and formats are
deployed by requirement. Integrators can assemble interfaces to
diverse systems in days (e.g. Governmental or professional network
model)
��   Integrated System-of-Systems: Members encapsulate
systems and offer standardized service interfaces to
process/access data with identified and common semantics and
common format/syntax. Data access rules are deployed
transparently across all systems. Client software can be deployed to
access diverse system interfaces in real-time based on familiar
patterns (e.g. Enterprise System model, System-of-Systems model)
See also the figure Policy: accessibility, governance VS
Technology: complexity, adaptability!!

See also slide 31: GEOSS IP Targets - Water


ftp://ftp.earthobservations.org/ADC/meeting14_01-
03_September_2010/Presentation/Day2/M&E%20ankara.
pdf


GEOSS Midterm Evaluation
The Good
1. GEOSS is an important new community and network for
integrated global EOs.
2. Hight-level ministerial commitment including the Cape Town
Declaration
3. Stakeholders generally positive about the foundation and
optimistic about outcomes
4. Brought together orgs and govs to collaborate and on integrated
global EOs
5. Implementation is a path to full/open data sharing and lowered
discussion barriers
6. Resulted in positive outcomes to EO community, including the
Data Sharing Principles


The Bad
7. GEO has not shown evidence of value-added results and return
on investment unique to GEOSS
8. Survey respondents neutral to GEOSS status and
implementation
13. GEO has not conducted a comprehensive structural and and
observational gap analysis
14. No description of end-to-end process; stakeholders cannot see
the benefit of their investment.



The Ugly
9. GEOSS architecture does not yet meet their needs for data,
information and tools
10. Sustainability concern: (a) voluntary implementation; (b) no
finical and human resources
11. Wide range of expectations.. new source of funding to
competing operational entity
12. To some, GEO is co-opting achievements of contributors; poor
acknowledgments


Recommendations:
1. GEOSS is an important new community and network for
integrated global EOs.
1. Need long-term strategy beyond 2015
2. Move from .. 'voluntary acceptance' to 'commitment to action'.
3. Link activities/outputs of the GEO Workplan, set measurable
targets.
4. GEOSS role to be supporting and enabling … coord among EO
systems
5. Clarify GEOSS purpose, values added and broaden participation
6. Understand Users, conduct dialog, improve feedback
7. Conduct comprehensive observational and structural gap
analysis
8. Clear and consistent mechanism for attributing.. not cooping?
competing

				
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