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EMECO DGRTD infrastructures_vFinal by suchenfz

VIEWS: 21 PAGES: 35

									              EMECO
(European Marine Ecosystem Observatory)
& Western Shelf Observatory
    „Creating better evidence and new
    knowledge about our coastal seas‟



          Dave Mills (Cefas)
         Remi Laane (Deltares)


          (David.mills@cefas.co.uk)
               Question
‘To what extent can EMECO
contribute to the build of a
more integrated European
observing system that can
serve the needs of the
Marine Strategy Framework
Directive?’



             Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                         Dec 2010
     The problem – policy pull
 National government needs evidence to meet their
       international and EU policy obligations

The evidence must be:              Policy drivers:
  – Based on sound science             – OSPAR, HELCOM
  – Underpinned with reliable          – Nitrates Directive
    quality assured data               – Urban Waste Water
  – Transparent and auditable            Treatment Directive
    (from sensor to advice)            – Water Framework Directive
  – Collected efficiently and          – Birds and Habitats
    cost effectively                     Directive
  – Able to withstand legal            – MSFD
    scrutiny                           – Others
                        NERC SOFI Workshop
    Assessment of eutrophication
 Assessments challenged
       • Infraction proceedings – UWWTD (France, UK)
       • National assessments – not universally
         approved

    Potential
    Problem Area
                                          Why
                                               • Differences in
                                                 interpretation of policy e.g.
                                                 eutrophication
                                               • Lack of consistency and
                       Problem Area
                                                 coherence
                 Non -Problem             Needs
                 Area
                                               • More & better information
Outcome to 2nd Application OSPAR CP
                              Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                                          Dec 2010
                MSFD Descriptors
  “The marine environment is a precious heritage that must be protected,
  restored and treated as such with the ultimate aim of providing biologically
  diverse and dynamic oceans and seas that are safe, clean, healthy and
  productive.”

Desc 1     Biodiversity                        Desc 4          Food Webs

Desc 2     Invasive Species                    Desc 7          Hydrography

Desc 5     Eutrophication                      Desc 11         Energy

Desc 8  Contaminants &                         Desc 3          Commercial
        pollution                                              species
Desc 10 Marine Litter                          Desc 9          Fish shellfish
                                                               hygiene
Desc 6     Seafloor
                           Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                                       Dec 2010
 Marine Framework Strategy Directive
 Policy (and science) questions
  • “Good Environmental Status”
  • What indicators – cause and effect
  • Reference conditions, assessment methods
  • Setting assessments into context,
    distinguishing between anthropogenic and
    natural causes of measured changes to
    ecosystem
  • Ecosystem based approach
  • Cross boundary – assessment at the right
    scale
  • Physics to fish
  • Monitoring and assessment sustained for
    time scale of requirements - decades
                Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                      Dec 2010
                  The case for change !
• 100m & 1.4 billion €
  spent on monitoring in
  UK & EU                                                  Ferries     Gliders
• Pressure to reduce costs              Research
• Pressure for openness,                 vessels
  accountability, sharing
  and access                             CPR
• New observational
  strategies, tools, &                                                  Buoys
                                      Towed
  technologies                        bodies
• Many players with
  diverse „systems‟ – no
  common „language‟
• Partnership &
  collaboration the way                 Satellites
  forward              Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,             Models
                                      Dec 2010
 The science (& technology) push
• Most marine observatories science lead
  –   Hypothesis driven, technology driven
  –   Short term (R&D) funding and goals
  –   Policy uptake an afterthought
  –   Spatial scale relevant to science question
• Primarily science driven papers at ESF
  observatories meeting
• Thrust of that meeting was observatories for
  science not for policy !
• Avoid the „solution‟ in search of a „problem‟

                     Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                                 Dec 2010
   120
                                                                      Integrated monitoring
                                                                                   45

                                                                                   40
                                                                  NAS TOXN
   100
                                                                  WMS TOXN
                                                                                   35
                                                                  CTD toxn

            80                                                    WMS SILICA       30
                                                                  CTD Si
TOXN (M)




            60
                                                                                    Autonomous data
                                                                                   25

                                                                                   20



                                                                                    buoys
            40                                                                     15

                                                                                   10
            20
                                                                                   5

            0
            Oct-00   Jun-01   Feb-02   Oct-02   Jun-03   Feb-04     Oct-04
                                                                                    0
                                                                               Jun-05                                 CPR

                                                                                         Cefas
                                                                                         SmartBuoys

                                                                                           Data poor to data rich

                                                                                        Data rich to information rich

                                                                                              Ferries                            Numerical models


                                                                                                                      FerryBox                        Remote
                                                                                                                                                      sensing
                 Traditional approach                                                                                                               3/5
                                                                                                                    SmartBuoys
                                                                                                                                              4°W                       3°W




                                                                                                                                       54°N                                   54°N




                                                                                                                                                        Liverpool Bay
                                                                                                                                                     LivBay




                                                                                            Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
            R.V. Cefas Endeavour                                                                         Integrated approach           53°N                                   53°N



                                                                                                        Dec 2010                              4°W                       3°W
         Integrated assessments
         WHY
•   Efficient use of
    resources
•   Strengthen the
    evidence base
•   Reduce
    uncertainty
•   Add confidence
    to assessments
                                    Assessment
•   Assessments
                                    variable
    able to
    withstand legal
    scrutiny
                       Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                                   Dec 2010
     EMECO Stakeholder Engagement
  Towards a Data Integration & Assessment System


• User generated
  maps
• ‘Agreed’
  international map
  of chlorophyll
• Transparent
  information
  product with
  estimate of
  confidence
• Step towards EU
  harmonisation Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                                  Dec 2010
     Building the partnerships…
 EMECO – NOOS
   North Sea
  Observatory
meeting Lowestoft
   June 2009




          Western Shelf
           Observatory
         Kick-Off meeting
        AFBI, Belfast June
               2010


                     Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                                 Dec 2010
EMECO - European Marine Ecosystem Observatory
    Creating better evidence and new knowledge

                             EMECO is a an informal European network for
                             integration of monitoring, modelling & research.




• Builds on existing
  infrastructure
• Multi-scale – time & space
• Supports Ecosystem
  Based Management
• Promotes interoperability
• Anticipates EU current &
  future policy needs MSFD   UK-Cefas, EA, NOC, SAHFOS; NL-Rijkswaterstaat,
                             Deltares, NIOZ, Norway-IMR, NERSC, Met Off; DE-
                             GKSS, BSH, BE – MUMM, F – IFREMER, RoE –
                     Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
   www.emecogroup.org        Marine Institute, Denmark – NIVA; S - SMHI
                                 Dec 2010
    EMECO - Western Shelf Observatory
‘ The EMECO Western Shelf Observatory is an integrated programme of
sustained marine observing systems that will improve knowledge and
understanding of marine ecosystems. It will strengthen the evidence base
for environmental assessments, underpin future research, increase uptake
of marine data and information and address gaps in current marine
monitoring, modelling and research.’
     Partner Programmes
•   Western Channel Observatory
•   Irish Sea Observatory
•   Ship survey, inshore buoy
    network, offshore mooring
    (AFBI)
•   Cefas SmartBuoy and Wavenet
•   Irish (MI) monitoring programme
    - instrumenting met buoys
•   Ellet Line, Tiree mooring
•   Marine Scotland monitoring
•   CPR routes
•   FerryBox lines                             (www.westernshelfobservatory.org)
                            Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
•   PAP Eurosites mooring               Dec 2010
EMECO – WSO Science questions
• To what extent is the carrying capacity of European shelf
  seas determined by exchange of nutrients across the
  shelf
• Is the outcome to environmental assessments (e.g.
  eutrophication) influenced by shelf-edge processes
• To what extent is ecosystem health (structure and
  vigour) in the inner shelf regions influenced by shelf
  edge processes
• How will this far field forcing be influenced by climate
  change
• How will understanding of these interactions influence
  environmental assessments of inner shelf regions and
  advice to policy end users?
• Can we use the new observations to better determine
  background and therefore reference conditions for
  environmental assessments of our shelf seas.
                     NERC SOFI Workshop
 EMECO - Western Shelf Observatory
        An exercise in scaling !



Map
Room




             NERC SOFI Workshop
            (www.westernshelfobservatory.org)
Making a difference……..




      Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                  Dec 2010
EMECO – Information & evidence pipeline
      Delayed mode            UK
                          Data Archive                                          EMECO
      Delayed mode          Centres                                             Web –
                                                                                enabled                         Assessment map

                     Real time
                                                                                Datatools




                                                     EMECO Datatool Interface
                     Real time &




                                                                                             EMECO User Query
                     delayed mode
                                                                                                                Time-series/trends


                           Marine
                                                                                  EMECO
                           Core                                                 Assessment
      Calibration
                           Service                                               database
                           Provision                                                                            KML–Google Earth
      Validation

CPR
           Delayed mode          QA’d
                                 Data                                                                           Gridded data
           Delayed mode
                                    ICES                                                                            Data
                                 Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,                                                XML, CSV
                                             Dec 2010
EMECO – Information & evidence pipeline
      Delayed mode            UK
                          Data Archive                                         EMECO
      Delayed mode          Centres                                            Web –
                                                                               enabled                         Assessment map




                                                    EMECO Datatool Interface
                     Real time
                                                                               Datatools




                                                                                            EMECO User Query
 A streamlined „on-line‟ assessment system that:-
             Marine                        Time-series
                           Core
“enables rapid integration and assessment of
      Calibration          Service
                            EMECO
      Validation
                           Provision                                           Assessment
       multi-national, multi-agency                                             database
                                                                                                               KML–Google Earth

  multi-platform, and multi-variate data”
CPR
               QA’d
           Delayed mode

                                 Data

           Delayed mode
                                    ICES                                                                       Gridded data


                                                                                                                   Data
                                 Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,                                               XML, CSV
                                             Dec 2010
An integrated monitoring & assessment
 system for the North Sea - Objectives
To consolidate a North Sea Observatory to provide a network of routine
measurements of biological, chemical and physical variables
encompassing ships, moorings, ships of opportunity, satellites and
modelling.

To improve coordination and efficiency of current operational programmes to
include promoting interoperability of sustained observations in the observatory
between partners.

To develop a shared vision and strategy between funders of sustained
observations and monitoring programmes by engagement at a national and
European level

To ensure the observatory includes all the relevant partners

To demonstrate that the North Sea Observatory can make a positive difference:
by improving marine scientific evidence and creating new knowledge

                           Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                                       Dec 2010
                   How do we do it
• Prepare costed proposal to EMODNET
• Tasks
  – Build on detailed review of current monitoring and sustained
    observing programmes e.g. EEA GISC-GMES report and other prior
    work (EuroGOOS, EDIOS, OOS‟s)
      • What observations, where, who, why
      • Current costs
      • Assess level of interoperability
  – Agree requirements
      • Better scientific evidence – at the scale of policy need
      • New knowledge
      • Stakeholder engagement
  – Develop agreed plan to meet needs
      • Fill gaps
  – Identify new products
     • Further develop EMECO datatools
    Clarity about information needs is critical !
                      Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                                  Dec 2010
                     How do we do it
• How
  – Workshop - bringing key policy, science, monitoring community
    together for each country
  – User requirement analysis – what do we need to measure, where,
    how,
  – Interoperability survey and gap analysis
• Resources
  –   Approx 50k € for proposal preparation
  –   250 – 300k € for delivery of proposal
  –   1 year
  –   Planning and implementation group
• Outcome (Report)
  – Detailed knowledge of monitoring in North Sea (both policy and
    science driven)
  – Clarity about costs
  – User needs assessment – policy and science (evidence and
    knowledge)
  – Strategic (and costed) plan to address gaps
  – Engage (stakeholders) to sustain ! Brussels,
                        Marine Infrastructures,
                                Dec 2010
                                UK-MECO




Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
            Dec 2010
         UK Integrated Observatories e-Infrastructure
                          DAC – Species

            DAC – Bathy
                                                                                                 Satellites
               DAC - Fish
                                                    Fish Vess 1     Fish Vess 2
         DAC - Merman                                                                                  Models        Warp
         DAC – Oceanog.
                                                              FV
                                                                                                                    Dowsing
                            PAP                   DAC
                                                                                                                     Other
                                                                            GMES                      Smart Buoy
                             FB                                                                                      sites
                                          NOC
                                                                                                         WN         Nodes
                CPR Route 1
                                                        Community                                   FB Endeavour    Nodes
                CPR Route 2           CPR                 Hub                        Cefas
                                                                                                        CPR e       Nodes
                CPR Route …                                  Services
                                                                                   AFBI               Fish Vessel   Nodes
                              ICES
                                                                            MarSc                      Fish Tag     Nodes
                                     FB           WCO
                                                                                     RV survey
                                  Bottom Lander
                                                              ISO
                                                                                                     Buoys
                                                                        Vessel
                                                         Nodes
                                                                                    Mon Net
Sensor




  Observin
                                                             NERC SOFI Workshop
  g system
         UK Integrated Observatories e-Infrastructure
                          DAC – Species

            DAC – Bathy
                                                                                                  Satellites
               DAC - Fish
                                                    Fish Vess 1     Fish Vess 2
         DAC - Merman                                                                                   Models        Warp
         DAC – Oceanog.
                                                              FV
                                                                                                                     Dowsing
                            PAP                   DAC
                                                                                                                      Other
                             FB
                                                        Tools &           GMES                         Smart Buoy
                                                                                                                      sites
                                          NOC
                                                        Services                                          WN         Nodes
                CPR Route 1                   • Data catalogue
                                              • Data discovery                                       FB Endeavour    Nodes
                CPR Route 2           CPR                                             Cefas
                                              • Community models                                         CPR e       Nodes
                CPR Route …                   • GIS/Mapping tools
                                               • Mashup tools                     AFBI                 Fish Vessel   Nodes
                              ICES                • Auto cal/val
                                                                              MarSc                     Fish Tag     Nodes
                                     FB           WCO
                                                                                      RV survey
                                  Bottom Lander
                                                              ISO    Vessel                           Buoys

                                                           Nodes          Mon Net
Sensor




  Observin
                                                             NERC SOFI Workshop
  g system
      Marine Information and Evidence Pipeline
          GMES MCS TAC
             Sea Level
            Ocean Color
                                                                                       Assessment map
                SST
           Sea Ice & Wind
               In Situ




                                        Datatool Interface
                                                                                       Time-series/trends




                                                                          User Query
           Ur-EMODNET
                                                             Assessment
               Lots                                           database
            Bathymetry
                                                                                       KML–Google Earth
CPR
             Geology

             Physics
            Chemistry
                                                                                       Gridded data
             Biology
                                                                                           Data
                      Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,                                  XML, CSV
                                  Dec 2010
      Marine Information and Evidence Pipeline
          GMES MCS TAC
             Sea Level
            Ocean Color
                                                                                       Assessment map
                SST
           Sea Ice & Wind
               In Situ




                                        Datatool Interface
                                                                                       Time-series/trends



      A WISE Move !


                                                                          User Query
           Ur-EMODNET
                                                             Assessment
               Lots                                           database
            Bathymetry
                                                                                       KML–Google Earth
CPR
             Geology

             Physics
            Chemistry
                                                                                       Gridded data
             Biology
                                                                                           Data
                      Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,                                  XML, CSV
                                  Dec 2010
                 Summary
• Major challenges to address
  – Better evidence – policy pull
  – New knowledge – science push
  – How do we align ?
• Pressure on resources (UK up to 30%
  budget reductions)
• Do more with less
• Quick wins
  – Build on progress, modernisation, make best
    use of all resources, engage to sustain
• EMODNET can play a key role in meeting
  the challenge.
                           the
• And the answer to Dec 2010question……..
               Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
„To what extent can EMECO contribute to the build of a
more integrated European observing system that can serve
the needs of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive?‟

• EMECO already hold the vision of why the community
  needs to work together
   – To meet EU policy evidence needs
   – To address key science question with a strong policy relevance
   – To make a difference !
• Addressing the challenge
   – From physics to fish - an ECOSYSTEM observatory
   – Building partnerships at the spatial (regional) scale required for
     policy delivery
   – Build an open and transparent „integration and assessment
     system‟ to meet policy needs
• EMECO provides a solution to a problem –
  not a homeless solution! Brussels,
               Marine Infrastructures,
                                Dec 2010
   The End




Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
            Dec 2010
  Integrating physical, chemical
        and biological data
• What does it mean

• What does it entail

• How does it serve the needs of the MSFD



               Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                           Dec 2010
         What does it mean
• The act of combining parts to make a
  unified and harmonious whole.
  – The parts are things that we measure (or
    simulate)
  – At what point do you combine the parts data
    and in what order
  – Combining same data for same variable
    • Measured using same method/platform
    • Measured using different methods/platform
    • Disparate in time and space
                 Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                             Dec 2010
         What does it entail
• Depends on requirements !
• Demonstrate intercomparability –
  intercalibration
  – Does same method use by different, people,
    laboratories give an acceptable level of
    agreement
• When do we do it in the work flow
• Render data into same format (e.g. XML)
• Integrating across time and space scales
               Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                           Dec 2010
  Why do we want to integrate
• Science (better knowledge)
  – Want to understand relationships between
    bits
• Policy (better evidence)
  – Increasing pool of data for assessment may
    lead to an increase in confidence
  – Assessment methodology – we have to do it
    to meet end-user needs

               Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                           Dec 2010
    But what‟s the real reason?
• The world is unity – when we measure it we
  break it into bits or parts
• In order to understand it we reassemble
  (integrate) those bits (according to theory)
• So integration is required to understand the
  world ie to interpret what the bits mean when
  joined together
• Important to do this in an open and transparent
  way !

                 Marine Infrastructures, Brussels,
                             Dec 2010

								
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