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					Disaster Informatics & Natural Resources



Dean Walton
University of Oregon

NRIC 2007 – Las Vegas
August 4, 2007
Disaster Informatics:


The study of the use of information and technology in
the preparation, mitigation, response and recovery
phases of disasters and other emergencies.




 (Indiana University School of Informatics)
As librarians and information specialists were are not
just providing amazing or horrifying images of natural
disasters but data and information that can be used for
planning and response to disasters. Data and
information that are important to the general public,
municipal officials, first responders, and researchers.
Examples of data include:

• Historical data on the sites of natural disasters
  and damage assessments to those disasters
• Geographical data
• Climatological and geological data
• Census and Infrastructure data
• Developed mitigations plans and disaster response
  plans
• Codes, regulations, directives, statutes, and laws
• Relief and response data
• Economic and insurance data
So where to begin:

Current state of the world and historical data

http://visz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/index.php?smp=&lang=eng
The International Disaster database
http://www.em-dat.net/

The Natural Hazards Center
http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/

NASA Disaster Resources
http://disasterfinder.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Geospatial Data

ESRI
http://gis2.esri.com/library/userconf/proc97/proc97/to
150/pap128/p128.htm

National Map / Atlas
http://nationalmap.gov/
http://nationalatlas.gov/natlas/Natlasstart.asp

USGS Disaster Responses
http://gisdata.usgs.net/website/disaster_response/

Google Maps/Earth
http://earth.google.com/
Climate

http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/seg/hazard/
http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/PS/PCPN/pcpn-na.html#SNDR
http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/

Avalance
http://www.fsavalanche.org/NAC/techPages/curPro.html
http://www.eng.ucalgary.ca/Civil/Avalanche/

Flood and flash flood
http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis/rt
Hurricane data
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastall.shtml
        (tropical depression-hurricane path data)
http://nationalatlas.gov/atlasftp.html#huralll
        (raw data download for National Atlas)
Tornado
http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/severeweather/torna
does.html#maps
Geological:


Earthquakes
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsus/

Tsunami
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/seg/hazard/tsu.shtml

Volcanoes
http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/
Census and Infrastructure:

http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?
_lang=en

http://tiger.census.gov/cgi-bin/mapbrowse

http://www.geographynetwork.com
Relief and Response:

Your local OEM
http://www.oregonemergency.com/

http://www.oregon.gov/OOHS/OEM/plans_train/trai
n_exercise.shtml
National Response:

http://www.fema.gov/
http://www.fema.gov/library/index.jsp
http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/index.shtm
International Response:

http://www.unisdr.org/

http://www.ndmindia.nic.in/http://www.adpc.net/IRC06/NG
Os.htm

http://www.redcross.org/
State of relief by the Red Cross / Red Crescent:

http://www.ifrc.org/what/disasters/response/tsunamis/i
map/index.html

http://www.ifrc.org/where/reg_spcrep.asp?txtRegion=
44

http://www.ifrc.org/where/country/cn7.asp?countryid=
75

http://www.ifrc.org/index.asp?navid=01
Here’s an example of a simplified disaster informatics
system using Google Earth and Web 2.0 technology
concepts. It was developed as an example for a class
assignment on researching natural disasters.




                     Bam, Iran.kmz
Questions ?

				
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