Complete_WIFI

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					                     HOW TO : COMPLETE WIFI - BlackBerry Devices

                                               There are countless advantages to having the added benefit of WiFi on your
                                               BlackBerry. WiFi has the potential to change your BlackBerry and really add
                                               a lot of functionality. The ability to browse the web over WiFi and make calls
                                               over WiFi using UMA are a couple of the main advantages.

In order to utilize your Berry's WiFi to its full capacity, there are a number of things to consider. In this
How-To guide, I will detail the steps needed to get the most out of your WiFi.

Note : This guide only pertains to WiFi capable BlackBerries. The tested devices currently include models 8120,
8320 and 8820. (Other devices may also be WiFi capable but I have been unable to test them)

Pre-requisites :
To make sure your BlackBerry will behave well when using WiFi, verify that your router is configured in a way that
will work well with your device.

NOTE : Wireless N Routers are not yet fully supported by BlackBerries and are known to cause issues If you are
using a Wireless N router, take the time to set it to use Wireless G mode only... or else you will run into serious
problems and will not be able to use WiFi. If you are running
any version of OS 4.5, this is not an issue and Wireless N should work without problems. (As user SebasC noted
: Any device running OS 4.2.2.184 or above should work on Wireless N networks!!)

For most other routers, your standard wireless configuration should be adequate. You may have to tweak settings
if you run into problems later in this process.

Step 1 : Configuring you BlackBerry (Setting up Wi-Fi)
The simplest and most straight forward way to get your device connected to your WiFi connection is to run the
'Setting Up WiFi' wizard (The Wireless Router Icon on your Home Screen).
(NOTE: This Wizard can also be run from Home Screen > Manage Connections > Set Up Wi-Fi Network)
Once you start the wizard, you will be presented with a few options. If it is your first time running the wizard,
then a small 'Read-Me' will appear, giving you the option to hide the next time you use the wizard.

From there, you have these THREE options; Scan for Networks, Manually Add Network or Get Security Key
Scan for Networks : Used to scan and automatically find available networks. Once complete, you can
select the desired network to connect to

Manually Add Network : Used to enter in the network name manually (if known) and configure your
connection without scanning for all available networks

Get Security Key : This option is used in conjuction with the T-Mobile branded routers and automates
the connection and security process

The majority of users will continue by selecting the first option, so that will be the first option covered!

Step 1(a) : Scan for Networks
Select "Scan for Networks" and your device will begin to scan for all available WiFi connections within range. If
your WiFi is not enabled on your device, then it will prompt you to power on the WiFi before continuing... so select
"Turn WiFi On".
Your Berry will then begin the scan for available WiFi networks and say "Searching for available Wi-Fi networks..."
on the screen. Depending on the site survey, this could take from 10 to 45 seconds (the fewer the available
networks, the less time it takes) .




bmcclure937                                                 29/06/2008                                             Page 1 OF 6
Once it is done scanning, a list of available networks is compiled and displayed. Now, select the network you
desire to connect to. A couple of things can happen at this point…

If the wireless network is unsecured, then your Berry will automatically connect to the open network.

If the wireless network is secured, then you will be prompted to enter the security key associated with that
network.
Remember, the passphrase for the security key is case-sensitive.


We will discuss the benefits of wireless security along with other 'advanced' router settings later in this guide.

( NOTE : The networks list provides a quick overview of the available networks and displays the signal strength,
security and SSID of each network. To get more detailed info from the network list, highlight the desired network,
press Menu > Network Details)


Step 1(b) : Manually Add Network
Similar to scanning for available networks, manually adding networks will connect to the network you specify. This
is recommended only if you know the exact SSID and security of the router. If either of these is unknown, then the
addition of the network will result in failure.
If you do know the required information and prefer to manually add your network, then follow the prompts on your
device. Input the network name, type of security and the security key... your Berry will then attempt to find the
network and connect.

NOTE : Manually adding networks is not recommended unless you know all of the network information!
This can also be used as a backup plan if connecting through step 1(A) results in a failure!

Step 1(c) : Get Security Key

The third option works on T-Mobile supplied routers ONLY!! If you are using a personal router, not supplied by T-
Mobile for HotSpot@Home, then this option does not apply!

Many people will never have the need to explore this menu, even if they do have a T-Mobile router.
(since many people will choose to tweak the TMo router settings manually)

If you do use one of the standard TMo routers with the default settings. Then when you select the option to Get
Security Key you will be prompted through a series of steps to connect 'automatically' and 'securely' to your TMo
router.

In a nutshell, this is done by pressing the 'KEY' button on your router, receiving a security key, and then
connecting to the WiFi! Refer to your TMo router's "quick-start" guide for more help. The WiFi connection wizard
on your Berry also walks through this process for you.

Recap :


At this point, you should be connected to a WiFi network!! (using one of the three options!)

We will now move on to tweak some settings for your BlackBerry Browser and Connection Preferences.

If you are NOT connected for some reason... you will need to troubleshoot the problem.
Trouble shooting your wireless connection can be done using a few utilities on your BlackBerry!
Move on to 'Step 3 : Troubleshooting your WiFi Connection' if you are having trouble connecting!




bmcclure937                                               29/06/2008                                          Page 2 OF 6
Step 2 : Tweaking your BlackBerry's Settings
Once you are connected to a wireless network, there are a few settings you can tweak so that the WiFi
connection performs the way you want it to!!

First of all, we will tweak the Browser Settings. Open your browser and navigate to Menu > Options >
Browser Configuration. From here, change the 'Browser' option to WiFi (or, in OS 4.5 releases, 'Hotspot')

My browser configuration is as follows :

Browser : HotSpot Browser
All of the formatting boxes are checked : (JavaScript, Java Popups, Terminate slow running scripts, HTML
Tables, ForeGround and BackGround Colors, BackGround Images, Embedded Media, Style Sheets)
Show Images : On WML & HTML Pages
Emulation Mode : BlackBerry
Start Page : Start Page (Set to your liking)
Home Page Adress : Set to your liking

You can tweak these settings to your liking... but those settings are a good starter.
Please note these settings are being used on OS 4.5.0.xx on my 8320, there may possibly be minor differences


( Note : setting the emulation mode to 'BlackBerry' will allow your Berry to have a more "mobile friendly" browsing
experience. This also allows for applications, themes, etc to be downloaded and installed OTA (over the air). With
emulation mode set as 'Microsoft IE', you do not have these benefits!)

Hit the 'Back' button and then go to 'General Properties'. Once again, make sure the first option is set to WiFi (or
Hotspot) browser. The other options can, once again, be tweaked to your liking. The defaults should be fine.

Next, we will fine tune some other connection properties. Navigate to Home Screen > Manage Connections >
Mobile Network Options. Under 'Connection Preference' make sure you have 'WiFi preferred' selected.

This dictates what connection your device will choose, depending on availability. For example, if the WiFi is turned
on and you enter one of your WiFi hotspots (which you added in Step 1) then your device will automatically
connect and use that connection as the default connection (making UMA calls).
(Please note, this does not automatically switch your browser configuration to connect between EDGE/WiFi. The WiFi
preferred only affects the mobile network connection of your device. You will need to manually change from 'WiFi browser'
to 'Internet' browser... and vise versa)


You can change this setting to whatever you may desire... and the options are self-explanatory:

Mobile Network Only - Will not use the WiFi connection to make any calls (browsing still available)
Mobile Network Preferred - will only use WiFi when the Mobile Network is unavailable (in poor service areas)
WiFi Only - Will only make UMA calls over WiFi, even if mobile network is available
WiFi Preferred - will make UMA calls when a WiFi network is available, mobile network if not available

Finally, navigate to Home > Menu > Manage Connections > WiFi Options.
This menu will display the current WiFi network you are connected to, along with all of your saved WiFi profiles.
From here, you can manage your WiFi networks and remove unused connections. You can also specify if you
want the device to auto-connect or manually connect to networks.

To edit Saved WiFi Profiles : highlight the desired network and hit Menu > Edit. You are able to change the name,
security type, etc... (in case you ever make a change in your router configuration!)




bmcclure937                                               29/06/2008                                                Page 3 OF 6
Step 3 : Troubleshooting your WiFi Connection
If you have a specific error code for your problem, then please refer to Question 1 in the FAQ section. Otherwise,
follow these directions
This section is dedicated for users who are still experiencing problems when connecting to WiFi networks.
If you are unable to connect to a network there are a number of things to take into consideration.

1. Your router setup
2. Other routers in close proximity to your router

In order to do some diagnostics and troubleshooting we will first go to Manage Connections > Services Status

From here, examine the "Wi-Fi Network" configuration. This should be on, have an active profile, SSID and
security type. If this is "OFF" then you will want to make sure the WiFi is "ON" and connected to a network.

Next, go to Manage Connections > Wi-Fi Options. Press Menu > Wi-Fi Diagnostics. This information window will
provide you with a number of areas about your wireless connection. When connected properly, this will tell you
everything from the profile name, to IP address, status of your connection, UMA status, etc. This is a good place
to start when you run into a WiFi problem.


Finally, we take this one step further and do a "Site Survey". This can be done by pressing Menu > Site Survey
from the WiFi Diagnostics window. It will prompt you to start scan... so press your track ball and begin the scan. It
will turn on your WiFi (if not on already) and scan for all available wireless networks. This then gives a detailed
report of all of the WiFi networks available near you.

Specifically, you want to look at the network you desire to connect to and the channel it is running on! If your
channel interferes with any of the other visible networks, then you will want to configure your router to have a
different channel to get the best results. Sometimes interference can cause a number of connection issues and
confuse your device! To change the channel on your router, consult your router's user guide or the manufacturer's
website. In most cases, you go to your router's configuration page (192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1 in your browser).
Then, somewhere under the wireless settings, you can change the channel.

If your device is not connecting to the router, but it can see it through site survey, do a power cycle on both the
router and your device. Once this has been completed, attempt to connect to the network again. If problems
continue to persist, I recommend starting fresh from a full reset on the router (no security) and attempting to
connect. Once you establish a connection without security, you can go back to the router's configuration and
enable security. You will then need to make the proper adjustments to that network profile's security on your
device... then connect.

Tweaking your router : Optimizing for UMA calling !

In this section, we will cover some settings you can tweak to return the best results for UMA calling on your router.
I highly recommend using one of the TMobile supported routers, which come with custom TMobile firmware that is
already optimized and configured for UMA calling. If you do not have a TMobile router and do not plan on
purchasing one, then follow the basic steps I detail below will help tweak your router and get it running optimally
for UMA. I will detail these steps for the Linksys WRT54G router, and I highly recommend this router if you are not
using one of the official TMobile HotSpot routers (Linksys WRT54G-TM, Linksys WRTU54G or D-Link TM-G5240).


(If you are using any other brand of router, you should be able to follow similar configuration steps. Unfortunately, I cannot
explain this for every router... so consult your users manual or manufacturer's website!)


NOTE : THIS SECTION IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION (When finished, this section will provide complete
information on how to tweak minor settings on your home router for the best UMA calling experience possible!)



bmcclure937                                                  29/06/2008                                                  Page 4 OF 6
First, log in to your router's administration console from your PC's web browser.
Generally, the default IP address for the router is 192.186.1.1 or 192.186.0.1.
You will then be prompted to enter the username and password for your WiFi router.
The default user name : (left blank) and password : 'admin'. Once you enter that information, access should be
granted!
Note : Your PC needs to be connected to the WiFi router in order to access this router page. You can either be wirelessly
connected or hardwired, but hardwired connections usually make the configuration smoother.

Next, we will change the default wireless channel on the router. Under the "Wireless" tab click the "Wireless
Channel" drop-down menu and choose a channel that is not occupied. Then 'Apply' these changes.
(Find an unoccupied channel by performing a site survey, detailed in the 'Troubleshooting' section of the guide!)

Please note that all of this information pertains to the Linksys WRT54GTM router.

Information for this particular section of the guide was compiled (with permission) from
http://blueroomsolution.com/showthread.php?t=203


Other Router Configurations

NOTE : THIS SECTION IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION (When finished, this section will provide information on how
to make other router changes, such as adding security, changing the wireless channel, changing admin password,
etc)




bmcclure937                                                 29/06/2008                                              Page 5 OF 6
Frequently Asked Questions !
1. What do I do if I get Error Code xxx ?
Follow this link : http://www.blackberryfaq.com/index.php/Wifi_/_UMA_Error_Codes or
http://www.blackberry.com/btsc/search.do?cmd=displayKC&docType=kc&externalId=KB14605&sliceId=SAL_Public&dialogID
=167648715&stateId=02002080863933
2. What is UMA ?
For a simple answer, UMA (Unlicensed Mobile Access) allows calling over WiFi networks, somewhat like VoIP. This is an
added convenience for WiFi phones and has benefits, such as alternative connection methods in poor coverage areas and
FREE calling when using TMobile's HotSpot@Home feature!

3. If I do not have a data plan, will I be charged for WiFi browsing? / Am I still able to use WiFi without a data plan ?

No. There is no data charged to your account when using the WiFi Broswer... and you can use WiFi without a data plan!
4. Why am I not able to use (insert name of third party app ) with WiFi ?
Many third party applications require some form of data plan in order to activate third party applications. Therefore, the majority
of third party apps will not work with WiFi only!

(See this thread for apps that will work on WiFi only : http://forums.crackberry.com/f65/blackberry-apps-use-don-t-use-wifi-29376/

5. Why do I not see the WiFi option when I go to "Manage Connections"?? / What devices have WiFi functionality ?

You do not see that option if your device is not supported. The devices that currently support WiFi are the 8120, 8220, 8320,
8820, 8900, 9000. All other devices do not support WiFi, as of the time of this post!
6. My carrier is ATT and I have a WiFi device. Why can I not connect using WiFi ?
One possible reason why you cannot connect using WiFi is that ATT restricts WiFi use to devices with data plans only. If you
do not have a data plan on your line, you will not be able to use WiFi to access data. Sorry for any inconvenience!


7. Are you able to use BlackBerry Messenger on WiFi only ?
No. You are unable to use BlackBerry Messenger (BBM) when using WiFi only! You need a minimum data plan of email only
for this to work.




Please note, this information is general for all platforms but was tested using a TMobile 8320 Curve running OS 4.2.2.180, OS 4.5.0.42, OS
4.5.0.44, OS 4.5.0.46, OS 4.5.0.52, OS 4.5.0.55 and OS 4.5.0.69. Notice, if you are on a different carrier, there may be slight variations in
the process... but it will be the same general concept overall.


              Special thanks to all of you who have supported me throughout the creation of this guide!
 Published by bmcclure937 on CrackBerry. Please do not copy elsewhere without providing a link to the original guide located
                              at : http://forums.crackberry.com/f65/complete-wifi-how-47229




bmcclure937                                                       29/06/2008                                                       Page 6 OF 6

				
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