GhNIC .gh ccTLD organization by pengtt


.gh ccTLD organization
           Eric Akumiah
 Background
 Registry Model & Structure
 Operation
 Challenges & Future
 NCS has operated .gh Registry since1996
 NCS has since been Sponsoring
  Organization for .gh namespace
 1n 2001, ghNIC was incorporated Non-
  Profit Policy Corporation
   Administrative
   Technical Management Responsibility re-
    assigned to NCS
 In November 2003 NCS shutdown over
  litigation on property
 Leading Engineer at Internet Engineering
  Task Force (IETF) provided support to
  ensure continuous operation
   No break experienced during the period
 NCS acknowledges IETF for support
       Domain Name Structure
 Until 2003, registry was run with both flat and
  hierarchical domain name structure
Hierarchical structure adopted
 Second Level Domain (SLD) registration policy
– Done in June 2003
– Domain registration directly under .gh was suspended
– No renewal for already registered SLDs (directly under
  .gh) after expiry.
 Domains are registered on Third Level (,,,,
            Registry Model
 In same year, shared registry system
  (SRS) was adopted
 Thick registry system was proposed for
  the three-year transition period.
   Data to be stored and maintained centrally
    rather than by the individual registrars
 Original plan was to use EPP registry
 software by ISC to implement SRS but
 that has not materialized yet
Registry Structure
             ghNIC - Board
 Board is overall decision making body
   2 Executive Directors (non-voting)
   7 Non-executive directors
 Board to approve all Policies
 Board ensures smooth running of
 Executive Directors report to Board on
  day-to-day activities of registry
 Chair – Nii Quaynor - Private
 Vice Chair – Prof. Dzidonu – Academia
 Member – Dep. Dir, Min. of Communication –
   Member – Member of Ghana Bar Association
   Member – ISODEC Ghana – Civil Society
   Member – CTO, Ghana Telecom
   Member – Member of GISPA
    Policy Advisory Committee
 Develops policy for registry
 Receive inputs from secretariat, public for
  policy development
 Sits three time in a year but uses mailing
 Send draft document to Board for approval
 Reps from ISOC to chair, other reps
  fromRegistrants, GISPA, other stake

 Two categories of membership
   Registrars: Extraordinary members
   Registrant: ordinary members
 All members can vote at AGM
 Ordinary members have one vote
 Extraordinary members have 3 votes
 Secretariat runs day-to-day activities of
 Headed by Executive Director
 Deputy Executive Director is Director for
  Technical Services
 Three Operational Departments:
   Legal: Handle legal issues
   Admin & Finance: general administration and
   Technical : handle all technical issue
          Policy Framework
 Registry activity to be run by procedures,
  processes and policies
 General procedures, policies & processes
   Domain Registration
   Registrar Certification
   Domain Name Dispute Resolution
 GhNIC bye laws established structure and
 operational activities of the Registry
  Dispute Resolution - Proposal
 In conformity to UDRP
 Initial informal mediation to be made
 If informal mediation fails, registry will notify DR
 Service provider to begin formal arbitration
 Complainant to notify DR Service provider and
  pay arbitration fee
 Domain in dispute to remain registered to
  respondent until decision overturns that
 WIPO to be appointed as DR Service provider
   Local Internet Community
 The users of the ccTLD
 The local government or public authority
 ISPs and technical community
 Educational and non-commercial sectors
 Businesses
 Cultural and other non-commercial

 Implementation of Online domain
 Whois service critical path for
  implementation – still not ready
 Marketing .gh Challenges ahead
 Need for Capacity building
    Future Operation & Capacity
 Plans to develop national technical
  capacity for ccTLD management
 Plans to organize ccTLD training for
  Prospective registrars and SLD registry
• NCS to hand over SLD registry operations
  after transition period (2008 – 2011)
Thank You

To top