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					                                     ARA V. NEFIAN, PhD
        http://www.anefian.com/ara_nefian.htm         anefian@yahoo.com         (408) 930 0395

OBJECTIVE: Challenging research and development position in computer vision, 3D reconstruction, Bayesian networks,
robotics, image, video, speech and/or text processing.

EDUCATION
1996-1999 Ph.D in Electrical Engineering , Georgia Institute of Technology
            Thesis:“Face detection and recognition using hidden Markov models”.
1994-1996 MS in Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology.
1988-1993 Electrical Engineer Diploma, Politehnica University of Bucharest.
          Major: Signal Processing and Radio Communications (ranked 1st in class).

SKILLS: Researcher with over 10 years of experience, 40 peer reviewed papers and 20 filed and issued (10) patents in the
fields of computer vision, machine learning, Bayesian networks, image, text, audio, video processing and sensor fusion.
Experienced technical leader of research teams possessing strong analytical, communications and programming skills
(C/C++, Matlab, OpenCV, OpenMP). Fluent in English, French and Romanian.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
Senior System Scientist Carnegie Mellon University, 2008-present.
Selected projects
1. 3D terrain reconstruction-project lead. The imagery captured during the Apollo missions and
   stored in digital format are used to generate the highest resolution and most accurate maps covering
   16% of the Moon surface. Results are available in Google Earth. Current research includes lunar albedo
   reconstruction and generation of accurate 3D topography using shape from shading techniques.
2. Mars Science Lab. Built the 3D surface reconstruction and scene segmentation for the next NASA
   robotic mission to Mars.
3. Pipeline threat detection system. Built a complete hardware a software system for detection of
   heaving digging machinery using images captured by the pipeline patrol airplanes.

Senior Imaging Engineer Nokia Point&Find, 2008.
Project lead on real time car logo recognition from mobile platforms.

Senior Researcher Ooyala, 2007-2008.
Computer Vision team lead responsible for tracking and segmentation of large video sequences.

Senior Researcher, Intel Corporation, Microprocessor Research Labs, 2000-2007.
1 Research, development and technical lead in various areas of machine learning, computer vision, sensor fusion, image
   and video mining. Analyze the impact of emerging multimedia applications on future computational platforms.
2 Drive several collaborations with the research community through university grants, interns, joint projects, external
   publications and organizational involvements.
Selected projects
1   Web image clustering using text and visual features. The web image search results are clustered
    into several semantic categories using a novel unified Bayesian framework for image segmentation and grouping. The
    multimodal clustering system increases the accuracy of any single modality and is implemented on a 32-way parallel
    machine.
2   Detection of drivable corridors for off road autonomous navigation. Video sequences are modeled using a novel
    two-dimensional Bayesian network that incorporates a set of spatial and temporal constraints specific to desert images.
    The project is part of the vision component used by the Stanford racing team, the winner of the 2005 DARPA Grand
    Challenge.
3   Face recognition using embedded Bayesian networks. Built a novel statistical face recognition system and led a team
    effort to implement it in real time and integrate it with OpenCV library. The novel two-dimensional Bayesian models set
    the state of the art in face recognition on a highly used medium sized database.
4   Audio-video continuous speech recognition (AVCSR). Led a research team and conducted research in multimodal
    speech recognition using a coupled HMM and a set of robust visual features. The coupled HMM outperformed all
    existing audio-visual models for speech recognition and reduced the error rate of the acoustic speech recognition by
    55% in noisy environments. The AVCSR package, released in open source, is used by several universities and research
    labs inside US, Europe and China.
5   Audio-visual speaker identification. Led a research team and conducted research in multimodal statistical speaker
    identification using face, lip movements and speech features. The multimodal system outperforms the accuracy of any
    single modality and reduces by a large margin the error rate of the acoustic-only speaker recognition in noisy
    environments.
6   Audio-visual source separation. Research in Bayesian source separation in noisy environments using both acoustic
    and visual features extracted from the user’s face. The novel approach outperforms the existing acoustic-only speech
    source separation systems in noisy environments and opens a new perspective for solving “the cocktail” problem.
7   Static and dynamic hand gesture recognition. Research in statistical upper body modeling, segmentation, tracking
    and hand gesture recognition from dense disparity maps and color video sequences.
8   Distributed structure learning for embedded Bayesian networks with application in bioinformatics. Developed a
    parallel structure learning algorithm for singular nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) characterization.
9   Runtime compiler optimization and data pre-fetch using dynamic Bayesian networks.

Research Assistant, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1996-1999
Face detection and recognition using hidden Markov models.

Teaching Assistant, Georgia Tech Lorraine, 1998
Lectured graduate level “Random processes”.

Software Engineer, NCR, Human Interface Technology Center, 1995-1998
Real-time face detection in video sequences, customer activity analysis and people tracking.

Research Assistant, Georgia Tech Lorraine, 1994-1995
Fractal image compression, motion estimation.

Telecommunication Engineer, Electrical Research Institute (Romania), 1993-1994

Teaching Assistant, Politehnica University of Bucharest, 1993-1994.
Lectured graduate level “Digital Signal Processing” laboratory.

AWARDS
 DARPA Grand Challenge 2005 Award: winner of the autonomous navigation race with
  Stanford racing team-Stanley.
   Intel Microprocessor Research Labs Award: 2001, 2003, 2007.

PATENTS
20+ US and International patents filed and issued (10) in face recognition and detection, audio–visual signal processing,
machine learning and Bayesian networks.
Selected patents
 “A coupled hidden Markov model for continuous audio-visual speech recognition” 7,165,029 - 2007.
 "Image recognition using hidden Markov models and coupled hidden Markov models" 7,171,043 -2007.
   "System and method for real time lip synchronization" 7,133,560 - 2007.
   “Gesture detection from digital video images” 7,224,830 - 2007.
   “Embedded Bayesian network for pattern recognition”, 7203368 -2007
   “Embedded multi-layer coupled hidden Markov model” 7,089,185 - 2006.
   "System and method for detecting a human face in uncontrolled environments" 6,184,926 - 2001.
   “Techniques for separating and evaluating audio and video source data” 2004.
   “Identifying a speaker using Markov models” 2003.

PUBLICATIONS
Journal Papers

   Ara Nefian, Taemin Kim, Michael Broxton and Zachary Moratto, "Lunar terrain and albedo reconstruction from Apollo
    imagery", accepted in Statistical Analysis and Data Mining.
   Taemin Kim, Ara V. Nefian, and Michael J. Broxton , “Photometric Recovery of Apollo Metric
    Imagery with the Lunar-Lambertian Reflectance”, IEEE Letters, 2010.
   S .Thrun, M. Montemerlo, H. Dahlkamp, D. Stavens, A. Aron, J. Diebel, P. Fong, J. Gale, M. Halpenny, G. Hoffmann,
    K. Lau, C. Oakley, M. Palatucci, V. Pratt, P. Stang, S. Strohband, C. Dupont, L.-E. Jendrossek, C. Koelen, C. Markey,
    C. Rummel, J. van Niekerk, E. Jensen, P. Alessandrini, G. Bradski, B. Davies, S. Ettinger, A. Kaehler, A. Nefian, and P.
    Mahoney. “Winning the DARPA Grand Challenge.” Journal of Field Robotics, 2006.
   Ling Chen, Hong Man and Ara V. Nefian, “Face recognition based multi-class mapping of Fisher scores”, Pattern
    Recognition, Special issue on Image Understanding for Digital photographs, 2005.
   Ara V. Nefian, Luhong Liang, Xiaoxing Liu, Xiaobo Pi and Kevin Murphy, “Dynamic Bayesian networks for
    audio-visual speech recognition”, EURASIP, Journal of Applied Signal Processing, 2002.
   Silviu Ciochina and Ara V. Nefian, “ Fast algorithms for the discrete Hartley transform, part II”, Telecommunication
    Journal, 1996 (Romanian).
   Silviu Ciochina, Ara V. Nefian, “Fast algorithms for the discrete Hartley transform, part I: radix two algorithms”,
    Telecommunication Journal, 1995 (Romanian).

Conference papers
3D Reconstruction from Planetary Images
   Heng-Tze Cheng, Feng-Tso Sun, Senaka Buthpitiya, Ying Zhang and Ara V. Nefian, "Lunar image classification for
    terrain detection", International Symposium on Visual Computing, 2010.
   Marvin Smith, Ara Nefian, George Bebis and Terrence Fong, "Outlier removal in stereo reconstructions of orbital
    images", International Symposium on Visual Computing, 2010.
   Ara Nefian, Taemin Kim, Zachary Moratto, Ross Beyer and Terrence Fong, "Lunar terrain and albedo reconstruction
    of the Apollo 15 zone", International Symposium on Visual Computing, 2010.
   Mustafa Acer, Snehal Chennhuru, Xinyao Hu, Russel Reed, Ara Nefian and Ed Katz, "Content based planetary data
    mining", Conference on Intelligent Data Understanding, 2010.
   Ara V. Nefian, Kyle Husmann, Michael J. Broxton, Vinh To, Michael Lundy and Matthew Hancher "A Bayesian
    Formulation for Sub-pixel Refinement in Stereo Orbital Imagery", IEEE International Conference on Image Processing
    2009
   M. J. Broxton, Z. M. Moratto, A. Nefian, M. Bunte, M. S. Robinson, "Preliminary Stereo Reconstruction from Apollo
    15 Metric Camera Imagery", 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 2009.
   M. Weiss-Malik; T. Scharff; A. Nefian; Z. Moratto; E. Kolb; M. Lundy; M. Hancher; N. Gorelick; M. Broxton; R. A.
    Beyer ,"Visualizing Moon Data and Imagery with Google Earth", American Geophysical Union 2009.
   R. A. Beyer; M. Broxton; N. Gorelick; M. Hancher; M. Lundy; E. Kolb; Z. Moratto; A. Nefian; T. Scharff; M.
    Weiss-Malik, "Visualizing Mars data and imagery with Google Earth", American Geophysical Union 2009.
   Michael J. Broxton, Ara V. Nefian, Zachary Moratto, Taemin Kim, Michael Lundy, and Aleksandr V. Segal, "3D Lunar
    Terrain Reconstruction from Apollo Images", International Symposium on Visual Computing 2009.
   Taemin Kim, Ara V. Nefian, and Michael J. Broxton, "Photometric Recovery of Ortho-images Derived from Apollo 15
    Metric Camera Imagery", International Symposium on Visual Computing 2009.

Aerial Image Classification
 Corey Ippolito, Ara V. Nefian, “Object classification from aerial visual imagery”, IEEE Sensors Conference, 2010.
 Joshua Gleason, Ara V. Nefian, Xavier Bouyssounouse, Terrence Fong and George Bebis, “Vehicle detection in aerial
   imagery”, submitted to International Conference on Robotics and Automation 2010.

Web Image Clustering and Video Mining
 Ara V. Nefian, Maha El Choubassi, Jean-Yves Bouguet, Igor Kozintsev and Yi Wu, “Web image clustering”, IEEE
  International Conference on Acoustic Speech and Signal Processing 2007.
 Haoran Yi, Igor Kozintsev, Marzia Polito, Yi Wu , Jean-Yves Bouguet, Ara V. Nefian and Carole Dulong “A
  spatiotemporal decomposition strategy for personal home video management”, SPIE Electronic Imaging 2007.
 Yi Wu, Jean-Yves Bouguet, Ara V. Nefian and Igor Kozintsev, “Learning concept templates from web images to query
  personal image databases”, submitted to IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, 2007.

Emerging applications
 Ara V. Nefian, Gary Bradski, “Detection of drivable corridors for off road autonomous navigation”, IEEE International
   Conference on Image Processing 2006.
 Ara V. Nefian, “Learning in embedded Bayesian networks with distributed data”, IEEE Computational Systems
   Bioinformatics Conference 2006.

Audio-Visual Speech Processing
 Luhong Liang, Yu Luo, Feiyue Huang and Ara V. Nefian,” A multi-stream audio-video large vocabulary Mandarin
   Chinese speech database’, IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, 2004.
 Shyamsundar Rajaram, Ara V. Nefian and Thomas Huang, “Bayesian separation of audio-visual speech sources”, IEEE
   International Conference on Acoustic Speech and Signal Processing 2004.
 Ara V. Nefian and Luhong Liang, “Bayesian networks in multimodal speech recognition and speaker identification”,
   ASILOMAR 2003.
 Tieyan Fu, Xiaoxing Liu, Luhong Liang, Xiaobo Pi and Ara V Nefian, “Audio-visual speaker identification using
   coupled hidden Markov models”, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 2003.
 Ara V. Nefian, Luhong Liang, Tyean Fu and Xiaoxing Liu, “A Bayesian approach to audio visual speaker
   identification”, IEEE International Conference on Audio-and Video- based Biometric Person Authentication, June
   2003.
 Xiaoxing Liu, Yibao Zhao, Xiaobo Pi, Luhong Liang and Ara V. Nefian, “Audio-visual continuous speech recognition
   using a coupled hidden Markov model”, IEEE International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, September
   2002.
 Luhong Liang, Xiaoxing Liu, Yibao Zhao, Xiabo Pi and Ara V. Nefian, “Speaker independent audio-visual continuous
   speech recognition”, IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, August 2002.
 Ara V. Nefian, Luhong Liang, Xiaobo Pi, Xiaoxing Liu, Crusoe Mao Kevin Murphy ,“A coupled HMM for audio-visual
   speech recognition”, IEEE International Conference on Acoustic Speech and Signal Processing 2002.

Face Recognition
 Navin Goel, George Bebis and Ara V. Nefian, “Face recognition experiments with random projections”, SPIE
   Conference on Biometric Technology for Human Identification 2005.
 Ara V. Nefian “Embedded Bayesian Networks for face recognition”, IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and
   Expo, August 2002.
 Ara V. Nefian and Monson H. Hayes, “Maximum likelihood training of the embedded HMM for face detection and
   recognition”, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 2000.
   Ara V. Nefian and Monson H. Hayes III, “An embedded HMM based approach for face detection and recognition”,
    IEEE International Conference on Acoustic Speech and Signal Processing 1999.
   Ara V. Nefian and Monson H. Hayes III, “Face recognition using an embedded HMM”, IEEE Conference on Audio and
    Visual-based Person Authentication 1999.
   Ara. V. Nefian and Monson H. Hayes III, “Face detection and recognition using Hidden Markov Models”, IEEE
    International Conference on Image Processing1998.
   Ara. V. Nefian and Monson H. Hayes III, “Hidden Markov Models for face recognition”, IEEE International
    Conference on Acoustic Speech and Signal Processing 1998.
   Ara V. Nefian, Mehdi Khosravi and Monson H. Hayes III, “Real-time human face detection from uncontrolled
    environments”, SPIE Visual Communications on Image Processing 1997.

Body Tracking and Gesture Recognition
 Ara V. Nefian, Radek Grezsczuk and Victor Eruhimov ,“A statistical upper body model for 3D static and dynamic
   gesture recognition from stereo sequences”, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 2001.
 Robert D. Cavin, Navin Goel and Ara V. Nefian, “A Bayesian formulation for 3D articulated upper body segmentation
   and tracking from dense disparity maps”, IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 2003.

SERVICE
1 The Second Workshop on Entertainment systems ENSYS 2007, co-chair.
2 International Symposium on Visual Computing, 2006, computer vision co-chair.
3 International Symposium on Visual Computing, 2005, board member. Chair of the special track on Intelligent Vehicles
   and Autonomous Navigation, organizing committee.
4 International Conference on Entertainment Systems and Applications, 2005, board member.
5 IEEE Workshop on Combined Research –Curriculum Development in Computer Vision, December 2001, program
   committee member.
6 MPEG 7, face recognition committee member, 2001-2003.
7 NSF Combined Research-Curriculum Development in Computer Vision program, University of Nevada at Reno
   2000-2002, advisory board member.
8 IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, Image Processing, Signal Processing and Pattern Analysis and Machine Learning,
   reviewer.

PRESS
1 “Computers learn to read lips”, New York Times, September 2003.
2 “Digital lip reader”, MIT Technology review, September 2003.
3 “Steady pace takes DARPA autonomous driving race”, EE Times, October 2005.

ACTIVITIES
Biking, long distance running, tennis, rugby, climbing, hiking, skiing, sailing.

                           References available upon request

				
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