Diff between WinRunner vs and QTP

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                   WinRunner vs. QuickTest P ro
                       Quick Comparison


                               Overview
Today Mercury has two functional testing tools – WinRunner (WR) and
QuickTest Professional (QTP). WinRunner has been around since about
1995 while QuickTest Pro has been available since about 2002. We have
lots of companies asking us “What’s the difference between WinRunner and
QuickTest Pro?” and “If they are both functional testing tools from the same
company, then which one of the tools should we use?” This document was
developed as a short simple reference in helping to understand the basics
about the tools in order to answer these two questions.

Mercury’s position on the two tools is this:
          The strategic direction for Mercury and its customers for
     Functional Testing is product integration. The new releases of QTP
     and WR improve already existing integration where customers can
     leverage complete WinRunner assets (scripts/functions) from
     QuickTest Pro without any modification to these assets.
          QuickTest Pro 8 has recently been released and WinRunner
     version 8.0 is planned for November 2004. There are no plans to
     phase out WinRunner.
          QuickTest Pro remains Mercury’s prime product for best
     customer satisfaction and experience. For customers who need both
     products, Mercury continues to offer Mercury Functional Testing as a
     combined package of both product offerings. The Business Process
     Testing system will be extended to incorporate components designed
     in WinRunner for the WinRunner 8.0 release in November.




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             WinRunner Compared to QuickTest Pro

Environment Coverage Comparison:

          Common environments shared by both WinRunner and
      QuickTest Pro:
             Web-Related              IE, Netscape, AOL
             Environments
                                JDK, Java Foundation Classes,
                                            AWT
                                    Symantec Visual Café
                                       ActiveX Controls
               ERP/CRM           Oracle: Jinitiator, 11i, NCA
          Custom Client Server             Windows
                                            C++/C
                                         Visual Basic
           Operating Systems     Windows 98, 2000, NT, ME,
                                              XP
                Legacy              3270, 5250 Emulators
                                            VT100

          WinRunner Only Environments:
                      Custom           PowerBuilder
                   Client/Server
                                           Forte
                                           Delphi
                                          Centura
                                          Stingray
                                         SmallTalk
                    ERP/CRM                 Baan
                                        PeopleSoft
                                         Windows
                                      Siebel 5, 6 GUI
                                          Clients
                                    Oracle GUI Forms

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        QuickTest Pro Only Environments:
                   ERP/CRM                 SAP
                                        Siebel 7.x
                                     PeopleSoft 8.x
                      .Net             WinForms
                                       WebForms
                                      .Net controls
                 Web Services         XML, HTTP
                                     WSDL, SOAP
                                       J2EE, .Net
                   Multimedia       RealAudio/Video
                                          Flash


Feature Comparison:

        Common features found in both WinRunner and QuickTest Pro:
              Record/Replay             ODBC & Excel
                                          Connectivity
        Code Editor & Debugger         Recovery Manager
        Shared Object Repository      Rapid Object Import
         Numerous Checkpoints               Analog
       Script & Function Libraries

        WinRunner Only Environments:
              Function Generator       Database
                                      Integration
                 Run Wizard               TSL
                     MDI

        QuickTest Pro Only Environments:
                  ActiveScreen         TestGuard
                   Tree View          ScriptFusion
                   Data Table           VBScript
                    Function          Run Wizard*
                   Generator*       (coming in v7.0)
                (coming in v7.0)
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                         What We Recommend

           QuickTest Pro is our functional testing tool of choice!


Most customers are in either of two situations:
          Existing WinRunner customers asking “Should we switch to
      QuickTest Pro?”
          New customers asking “Which should we get, WinRunner or
      QuickTest Pro?”

We have been implementing Mercury’s products since 1992 and have senior
level expertise in WinRunner. We have been implementing WinRunner
since the very first version of it. So like many existing WinRunner
customers we have a huge knowledge investment in WinRunner ourselves.
However we have worked on the Mercury development team on the
QuickTest Pro 6.0 and 6.5 releases, and have solid real-world experience in
implementing QuickTest Pro since the 6.0 release. We have found it to be a
great tool to use and recommend it to all customers! Overall, we
recommend using QuickTest Pro unless for some reason you have to use
WinRunner due to an unsupported environment not existing in QuickTest
Pro.

Overall, QuickTest Pro is easier to use and implement for both technical and
non-technical testers in comparison to WinRunner. QTP offers many
features that are found in WinRunner, but are easier to use. QTP also offers
many features not found in WinRunner that make test script creation,
enhancement and maintenance easier.

Let’s quickly discuss some key issues:
            The WinRunner interface forces the user to look directly at TSL
       code. TSL is the WinRunner programming language developed by
       Mercury. It is based on the “C” programming language and therefore
       looks very similar. For testers who do not have a technical
       background, they are not always comfortable with having to always
       look at code. However QuickTest Pro offers a “Tree View” which is
       an icon-based view of the script. This is very easy to get used to and
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      non-technical people adapt to it quicker and feel more comfortable
      working with it. For the technical user, they can always switch over
      to the “Expert View” in QuickTest and look directly at code, and
      program away using VBScript.


           WinRunner uses TSL which is a proprietary language of
      Mercury. These types of languages can be very restrictive and you
      are limited on available resources. QuickTest Pro use the Microsoft
      programming language VBScript which is very powerful, has lots of
      capabilities and there are lots of resources available.


          We feel that there are many more “point and click” features in
      QuickTest Pro than WinRunner. This makes its use easier.


          All the same features found in WinRunner are found in
      QuickTest Pro plus more.


          Data Table integration is much easier and simpler with
      QuickTest Pro.


            Data Driven Testing is easier with more options in QuickTest
      Pro.


           Script enhancements are typically easier with QuickTest Pro
      because it has the Active Screen where the windows and objects in
      your application are captured for later use. Using a “point and click”
      capability you can easily interface with objects, their definitions and
      create checkpoints after having recorded a script – without having to
      navigate back to that location in your application like you have to with
      WinRunner. This greatly speeds up script development.


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           QuickTest Pro currently has built in integration with WinRunner
      in order to be able to call existing scripts, which is great for customers
      who already have a large test script investment with WinRunner.
      Likewise WinRunner 8.0 is to have the ability to also call QuickTest
      Pro scripts. This eases the transition from WinRunner to QuickTest
      Pro for existing customers.


          Parameterization is much easier in QuickTest Pro and basically
      anything in QuickTest Pro can be parameterized (statements,
      checkpoints and the Object Repository).


          Capturing various output values is easier and simpler with
      QuickTest Pro. Using this capability with parameterization enables
      you to easily develop scripts that can do more in regards to testing.


           We have been implementing QuickTest Pro in real-world
      environments and have found it much easier to use, advance features
      are easier to implement and the script development is quicker. We
      really enjoy using QuickTest Pro and highly recommend it as the
      functional testing tool to use.




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                                 WinRunner
Summary:

This product is a mature tool that has been around since approximately 1995.
It interfaces with most of the leading development toolkits using the
WindowsAPI and toolkit DLLs to interface with the “Application Under
Test”.

WinRunner offers a recording feature that will watch the individual tester
and generate a test script to simulate the same actions just performed. The
script is displayed as a program which can be enhanced with checkpoints,
logic and special coding/programming.

WinRunner also has integration with Excel spreadsheets for data driven
testing and the ability to write data out in Excel format or in simple text
files.

Here is the description from the Mercury “Features and Benefits” section of
the WinRunner web page:
      Significantly increase power and flexibility of tests without any
      programming: The Function Generator presents a quick and error-
      free way to design tests and enhance scripts without any programming
      knowledge. Testers can simply point at a GUI object, and WinRunner
      will examine it, determine its class and suggest an appropriate
      function to be used.
      Use multiple verification types to ensure sound functionality:
      WinRunner provides checkpoints for text, GUI, bitmaps, URL links
      and the database, allowing testers to compare expected and actual
      outcomes and identify potential problems with numerous GUI objects
      and their functionality.
      Verify data integrity in your back-end database: Built-in Database
      Verification confirms values stored in the database and ensures
      transaction accuracy and the data integrity of records that have been
      updated, deleted and added.
      View, store and verify at a glance every attribute of tested objects:
      WinRunner's GUI Spy automatically identifies, records and displays
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    the properties of standard GUI objects, ActiveX controls, as well as
    Java objects and methods. This ensures that every object in the user
    interface is recognized by the script and can be tested.
    Maintain tests and build reusable scripts: The GUI map provides a
    centralized object repository, allowing testers to verify and modify
    any tested object. These changes are then automatically propagated to
    all appropriate scripts, eliminating the need to build new scripts each
    time the application is modified.
    Test multiple environments with a single application: WinRunner
    supports more than 30 environments, including Web, Java, Visual
    Basic, etc. In addition, it provides targeted solutions for such leading
    ERP/CRM applications as SAP, Siebel, PeopleSoft and a number of
    others.
    Simplify creation of test scripts: WinRunner's DataDriver Wizard
    greatly simplifies the process of preparing test data and scripts. This
    allows for optimal use of QA resources and results in more thorough
    testing.
    Automatically identify discrepancies in data: WinRunner examines
    and compares expected and actual results using multiple verifications
    for text, GUI, bitmaps, URLs, and databases. This ensures stable
    functionality and execution of business transactions when the
    application is released into production.
    Validate applications across browsers: WinRunner enables the
    same test to be used to validate applications in Internet Explorer,
    Netscape, and AOL. This saves testing time and reduces the number
    of scripts that must be developed and maintained.
    Automatically recover tested applications from a crash:
    Unexpected events, errors, and application crashes during a test run
    can disrupt the testing process and distort results. WinRunner's
    Recovery Manager enables unattended recovery and provides a
    wizard that guides the process of defining a recovery scenario.
    Leverage investments in other testing products: WinRunner fully
    integrates with our other testing solutions, including LoadRunner for
    load testing and TestDirector for global test management. Moreover,
    organizations can reuse WinRunner test scripts with QuickTest
    Professional.


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        - WinRunner “Features and Benefits” webpage from Mercury:
        http://www.mercury.com/us/products/quality-center/functional-
        testing/winrunner/features.html
Pros:
   Mature product that has been around since about 1995.
   Simple interface.
   Many features.
   Many consultants and user group/forums for support.
   Decent built in help.
   Fewer features to have to learn and understand compared to
    QuickTest Pro.
   Interfaces with the Windows API.
   Integrates with TestDirector.


Cons:
   Has basically been superceded by QuickTest Pro.
   Looking at “program code” for the test case.
   Coding is done in a proprietary language (TSL).
   Very few resources available on TSL programming (it is based on the
      C programming language, but is not C).
   Need to be able to program to a certain extent in order to gain
      flexibility and parameterization.
   Need training to implement properly.
   The GUI Map can be difficult to understand and implement.




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                              QuickTest Pro


Summary:
QuickTest Professional provides an interactive, visual environment for test
development.

Here is the description from the Mercury Interactive “How it Works” section
of the QuickTest Pro web page:
       Mercury QuickTest Professional™ allows even novice testers to be
       productive in minutes. You can create a test script by simply pressing
       a Record button and using an application to perform a typical business
       process. Each step in the business process is automated documented
       with a plain-English sentence and screen shot. Users can easily
       modify, remove, or rearrange test steps in the Keyword View.

      QuickTest Professional can automatically introduce checkpoints to
      verify application properties and functionality, for example to validate
      output or check link validity. For each step in the Keyword View,
      there is an ActiveScreen showing exactly how the application under
      test looked at that step. You can also add several types of checkpoints
      for any object to verify that components behave as expected, simply
      by clicking on that object in the ActiveScreen.

      You can then enter test data into the Data Table, an integrated
      spreadsheet with the full functionality of Excel, to manipulate data
      sets and create multiple test iterations, without programming, to
      expand test case coverage. Data can be typed in or imported from
      databases, spreadsheets, or text files.

      Advanced testers can view and edit their test scripts in the Expert
      View, which reveals the underlying industry-standard VBScript that
      QuickTest Professional automatically generates. Any changes made in
      the Expert View are automatically synchronized with the Keyword
      View.

      Once a tester has run a script, a TestFusion report displays all aspects

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      of the test run: a high-level results overview, an expandable Tree
      View of the test script specifying exactly where application failures
      occurred, the test data used, application screen shots for every step
      that highlight any discrepancies, and detailed explanations of each
      checkpoint pass and failure. By combining TestFusion reports with
      Mercury Quality Management, you can share reports across an entire
      QA and development team.

      QuickTest Professional also facilitates the update process. As an
      application under test changes, such as when a “Login” button is
      renamed “Sign In,” you can make one update to the Shared Object
      Repository, and the update will propagate to all scripts that reference
      this object. You can publish test scripts to Mercury Quality
      Management, enabling other QA team members to reuse your test
      scripts, eliminating duplicative work.

      QuickTest Professional supports functional testing of all popular
      environments, including Windows, Web, .Net, Visual Basic, ActiveX,
      Java, SAP, Siebel, Oracle, PeopleSoft, terminal emulators, and Web
      services.

            - QuickTest Pro “How it Works” webpage from Mercury:
            http://www.mercury.com/us/products/quality-center/functional-
            testing/quicktest-professional/works.html

We like QuickTest Pro and now prefer implementing it over WinRunner.
When you get into advance testing scenarios, QuickTest Pro has more
options and they are easier to implement compared to WinRunner in our
opinion.

Do to the similarities in concept and features, an experienced WinRunner
user can easily convert to QuickTest Pro and quickly become an efficient
Test Automation Engineer!

We recommend that existing customers begin all new development with
QuickTest Pro and use the built-in feature of calling WinRunner scripts from
QuickTest Pro for all existing WinRunner scripts that they already have. As
older scripts require updates and time permits, we recommend replacing

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them with QuickTest Pro scripts. Eventually you will be able to convert
your test script library with all QuickTest Pro scripts.
Pros:
    Will be getting the initial focus on development of all new features
      and supported technologies.
    Ease of use.
    Simple interface.
    Presents the test case as a business workflow to the tester (simpler to
      understand).
    Numerous features.
    Uses a real programming language (Microsoft’s VBScript) with
      numerous resources available.
    QuickTest Pro is significantly easier for a non-technical person to
      adapt to and create working test cases, compared to WinRunner.
    Data table integration better and easier to use than WinRunner.
    Test Run Iterations/Data driving a test is easier and better implement
      with QuickTest.
    Parameterization easier than WinRunner.
    Can enhance existing QuickTest scripts without the “Application
      Under Test” being available; by using the ActiveScreen.
    Can create and implement the Microsoft Object Model (Outlook
      objects, ADO objects, FileSystem objects, supports DOM, WSH,
      etc.).
    Better object identification mechanism.
    Numerous existing functions available for implementation – both
      from within QuickTest Pro and VBScript.
    QTP supports .NET development environment (currently WinRunner
      7.5 does not).
    XML support (currently WinRunner 7.5 does not).
    The Test Report is more robust in QuickTest compared to
      WinRunner.
    Integrates with TestDirector and WinRunner (can kick off WinRunner
      scripts from QuickTest).




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Cons:
   Currently there are fewer resources (consultants and expertise)
      available due to QTP being a newer product on the market and
      because there is a greater Demand than Supply, thus fewer
      employee/consulting resources.
   Must know VBScript in order to program at all.
   Must be able to program in VBScript in order to implement the real
      advance testing tasks and to handle very dynamic situations.
   Need training to implement properly.
   The Object Repository (OR) and “testing environment” (paths,
      folders, function libraries, OR) can be difficult to understand and
      implement initially.




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