ETOP update december update by AID

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									ETOP UPDATE –XII-07                      AELGA                             January 9, 2007

Emergency Transboundary Outbreak                 locusts from the summer breeding areas
 Pest (ETOP) update for December                 (PPD/Sudan).
              2007

Summary:

The Desert Locust situation was reported
serious in southeast Ethiopia, northeast
Kenya, and the Red Sea region of
Sudan in December.

Cross-border survey and interventions
were launched in south-eastern Ethiopia                                              Locusts
and Mandera District of Kenya later in           invasion areas in NE Kenya, SE Ethiopia, NE
the month after the Desert Locust Control        Sudan, Saudi Arabia and S Oman in
Organization for Eastern Africa (DLCO-           December 07 (FAO/DLIS)
EA) received clearance from GoE for air
space. Close to 350 ha were sprayed in           Ecological conditions remained favorable
southern Ethiopia and some 1,250 ha              in and south of Tokar Delta and breeding
were treated in Mandera, Kenya in                will likely continue in the coming month.
December.                                        In Egypt, immature and mature adults
                                                 were controlled on 10 ha near Lake
The situation in Mandera District was            Nassir and in Saudi Arabia, 27 ha were
reported improved by the end of the              treated on the Red Sea coast in
month, but unconfirmed reports of the            December (FAO/DLIS).
presence of hopper bands across the
border in Somalia and southeast                  Scattered adults were sprayed in 766 ha
Ethiopia where survey and control                in central Algeria and 3 ha in
operations were not possible until late in       Mauritania. The situation remained calm
the month remained a concern during this         in other areas in the region in December.
period.                                          Limited scale-breeding will likely occur in
                                                 southern Algeria and southeastern
                                                 Morocco, but significant activities are not
                                                 expected in the coming month.

                                                 Mature locusts were controlled on 350 ha
                                                 in the central eastern coastal plains of
                                                 Oman. Hoppers and immature solitary
                                                 adults were seen further north. Small-
                                                 scale breeding occurred on the southeast
                                                 coast of Iran where scattered hoppers
                                  Immature       were detected in December. No locusts
locust swarm near Kebri Dehar, eastern           were reported along the Indo-Pakistan
Ethiopia, Dec. 31 (FAO/DLIS)                     borders. A few scattered adults will likely
                                                 appear in spring breeding areas in
In Sudan, more than 9,820 ha were                Baluchistan, Pakistan (FAO/DLIS).
sprayed in Tokar Delta, in the Red Sea
State against local populations and

       :/SITREPS 2007/ETOP update for December.07             YTB             01.09.08         1
ETOP UPDATE –XII-07                     AELGA                            January 9, 2007

ETOP activities were not reported in            and other areas in Gode (N5559/E43327,
Central Asia. Migratory locusts have            N55624/ E43308, N5548/E43342) in
begun developing in West Timor where            southeastern Ethiopia from 24-28
control operations were minimal to none         December 2007.
despite support provided by Australia and
FAO. Locust operations are expected to
escalate in 2008 in Australia in areas
where long drought spells were broken by
unusually good summer rains. End
summary

This and previous Sitreps can be
downloaded on AELGA webpage:
                                                                                A few more
http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/hu                swarms were expected to form and move
manitarian_assistance/disaster_assi             south and southwest in Ethiopia and Kenya
stance/locust/                                  (FAO/DLIS)

Climatological factors:                         Most of the infestations in and around
                                                Gode occurred in irrigated areas where
The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone             vegetation was green and the soil was
remained far south of the summer                wet, but damage data was not available
invasion and outbreak areas across the          at the time this report was compiled.
Sahel and central Africa. Dry and               Fledging and immature swarms were
unfavorable ecological conditions forced        reported in Mustahel (N0510/E4453) and
locusts to move to the winter breeding          Kelafo (N0530/E4412). Non-irrigated
areas in northern Red Sea areas,                areas remained dry and no locusts were
southeastern Ethiopia, Somalia and              not reported in these areas (PPD/Addis)
northern Kenya where favorable                  during the reporting month.
conditions allowed the locusts to persist,
breed and threaten crops and pasture.           DLCO-EA commenced cross-border
                                                survey and control operations in
Central Region                                  southeastern and southern Ethiopia on
                                                the 3rd week of December after receiving
The Desert Locust situation remained            clearance for airspace from the GoE,
serious in southeast Ethiopia, northeast        which it believed had saved time and
Kenya, and the Red Sea region of                scarce resources and contributed to
Sudan in December. According                    abating the locust threat.
to PPD/Addis and DLCO-EA, an immature
swarm was seen flying over Kerbosh              On December 20, 2007, DLCO-EA
(N5297/E43164) towards southwest on             deployed an aircraft from Mandera,
24 December, 2007.                              Kenya to southeastern Ethiopia where
                                                high-density 3rd instar hopper bands
Ground surveys covered some 885 ha              were controlled on 160 ha in
and 5th instar hoppers and fledglings           Kachamo (035951N/414419E), Fikro
were controlled on 189 ha in Afder Zone,        (040011N/414213E & 040127N/
Heloguduudo (N0558/E4329), Kurtumale            414306E), Burabor (035908N/414506E),
(N0556/E4330), Gebile (N0557/E4329)             and Suftu (035816N/415123E). Another

       :/SITREPS 2007/ETOP update for December.07            YTB            01.09.08         2
ETOP UPDATE –XII-07                      AELGA                                                                                                                                                                          January 9, 2007

DLCO-EA aircraft was deployed on                 threats of further invasions will continue
December 23rd to southern Ethiopia to            diminishing in this area. As of January 7,
control a mature DL swarm that was               the PPD expert has returned to his post
reported earlier in Teltele, Yabelo, Arero       and the DLCO-EA team will likely
and Konso districts in southern Ethiopia.        wind down operations in Gode by the end
Ground and aerial surveys could not              of the week. Given the most recent
locate the swarm. With ecological                development re locust swarm sightings in
conditions deteriorating and the swarm           South Oromiya zone, DLCO aircraft and
considered a no-threat, the search was           crew will likely be on standby.
terminated and DLCO-EA aircraft and
crew pulled back to base in Moyale,              The situation in Mandera District
Kenya on January 2nd.                            appears to be under control after some
                                                 1,254 ha were sprayed by DLCO-EA and
PPD/Addis deployed an expert to Gode on          MoA/Kenya staff in December. There
December 29 to assess the DL situation,          have been unconfirmed reports of large
evaluate actions taken and reinforce the         numbers of hopper bands across the
survey and control team operating in the         border in Somalia where survey
area.                                            operations were not possible and in
                                                 southeast Ethiopia where operations
On January 3, 2008, DLCO-EA deployed             could only commence after the third week
an aircraft, a Base Manager/locust expert        of the month.
and an aircraft mechanic to Gode,
southern Ethiopia to implement aerial            In Sudan, more than 46,700 ha were
survey and control operations and                surveyed and a third was found infested
reinforce PPD staff and the team that has        with mature and immature adults and
been operating in the area. MoARD/Eth            hoppers. Some 9,820 ha were sprayed by
facilitated air lifting of Av-gas to Gode. A     ground means mostly in Tokar Delta in
scattered low density immature swarm             the Red Sea State (PPD/Sudan).
was controlled by air on 170 ha in Bersen                             D L s itu a tio n m a p d u r in g 0 1 -3 1 - D e c -2 0 0 7
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(055734N/043240E) on January 7. DLCO-
                                                             C o a st




EA, PPD and the Regional Bureau of               (source: PPD/Sudan, Dec. 07)
Agriculture collaborated in the survey and
control operations in Gode.                      Ecological remained favorable and
So far, all of the swarms that have been         breeding is expected to continue in and
detected and controlled in and around            south of Tokar Delta and survey and
Gode are immature and ecological                 monitoring are recommended here to the
conditions in non-irrigated areas are            Eritrea border.
unfavorable, hence, it is likely that

       :/SITREPS 2007/ETOP update for December.07                                                                                          YTB                                                                                        01.09.08                                      3
ETOP UPDATE –XII-07                     AELGA                             January 9, 2007

In Egypt, immature and mature adults            provided by Australia and FAO. In
were controlled on 10 ha near Lake              Australia, locust numbers will likely
Nassir and in Saudi Arabia, 27 ha were          increase and control operations will
treated on the Red Sea coast in                 escalate in spring of 2008 in areas where
December (FAO/DLIS).                            drought spells have been disrupted by
                                                widespread summer rains.
Western Region
                                                Red Locust:
Scattered adults were sprayed in 766 ha
in central Algeria and 3 ha were treated        The International Red Locust Control
in central Mauritania in December.              Organization for Central and Southern
Limited scale-breeding will likely occur in     Africa (IRLCO-CSA) reported that
southern Algeria and southeastern               isolated, scattered populations of Red
Morocco, but significant activities are not     Locust (Nomadacris septemfasciata,
expected in the coming month. The rest          Serville) were encountered during
of the countries in the western region          surveys in Buzi-Gorongosa plains in
remained calm in December and will              Mozambique. The situation remained
likely remain so in the coming month            relatively calm in Malawi, Mozambique,
(CLAA, DLIS, LAPC, PPDs).                       Tanzania and Zambia in December.

Eastern Region                                  African migratory locust

In Oman, control operations treated             No report was received on the African
mature groups on 350 ha in the central          Migratory locust (Locusta migratoria
eastern coastal plains. Hoppers and             migratorioides) in either DLCO-EA or
immature solitary adults were seen north        IRLCO-CSA members countries at the
of the areas where spray operations were        time this update was compiled.
carried out in December. Small-scale
breeding occurred on the southeast coast        Tree locusts
of Iran where scattered hoppers were
detected in December. No locusts were           No report was received on tree locust
reported along the Indo-Pakistan                (Anacridium spp.) in Kenya or other
borders. Low numbers of scattered adults        countries during this month.
will likely appear in the spring breeding
areas in Baluchistan, Pakistan                  Armyworm:
(FAO/DLIS).
                                                Armyworm (Spodoptera exempta)
Central Asia                                    outbreaks were reported in Malawi and
                                                Tanzania in December. In Tanzania,
No information was received on ETOP in          maize fields were attacked in Same
central Asia and significant developments       district, Kilimanjaro region (see picture).
are not expected in the coming month.           Armyworm populations in the primary
                                                invasion areas appears to be above
West Timor and South Pacific                    normal suggesting that this year may
                                                experience elevated outbreaks and
Migratory locusts begun developing in           threaten crops and pasture in Tanzania
West Timor where control operations             and elsewhere in East Africa.
were minimal to none despite support

       :/SITREPS 2007/ETOP update for December.07            YTB            01.09.08          4
ETOP UPDATE –XII-07                     AELGA                            January 9, 2007

                                                benefiting from CA-sponsored training in
                                                inventory taking, risk assessment,
                                                identification, repackaging, safeguarding
                                                and shipment of high-risk pesticides, and
                                                developing projects for the destruction of
                                                OPs decision making processes.

                                                Funds from the CA also helped avert a
                                                potential crisis of washing away obsolete
                                                pesticides and contaminating the
                                                environment the Zambezi floods in
                                                Mozambique. End note

                                                Pesticide Stocks
                            Armyworm
larvae damaging young maize plants in Same,     Pesticide inventories changed in December
Tanzania (Mushobozi, Dec. 07)
                                                in Ethiopia and Sudan and to a lesser
                                                degree in Mauritania where control
Quelea birds                                    operations were launched against DL.

Quelea (Quelea quelea L) activities were
not reported at the time this update was                  Country Quantities in litters
compiled, but it is likely that they will be                 Eritrea           44,800
threatening crop fields in DLCO (irrigated)                Ethiopia            54,920
and IRLCO regions.                                              Mali          222,524
                                                         Mauritania           545,186
Front-line countries in the ETOP outbreak                  Morocco          3,998,365
regions should remain vigilant and                             Niger          184,084
exercise mitigation and preventive                          Senegal           532,960
interventions and minimize unexpected                Algeria, Libya, Data not available
risks. Those in invasion areas should stay            Saudi Arabia,
alert.                                              Sudan, Tunisia,
                                                             Yemen
AELGA (Assistance for Emergency Locust
and Grasshopper Abatement) will
continue monitoring the situation and           Point of Contact:
advise and issue updates as necessary.
                                                For more information please, contact:
Note: Assistance provided by OFDA               Yene T. Belayneh, ybelayneh@ofda.gov
through a cooperative agreement (CA)
continued sponsoring a National
Professional Officer seconded to the
EMPRES Program through December
2007 to assist countries in the Red Sea
and the Horn Region. A number of
countries in Africa, Central Asia, Latin
America, and the Middle East continue


       :/SITREPS 2007/ETOP update for December.07            YTB           01.09.08         5

								
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