Slide Megamas Training Company OPITO BOSIET NEBOSH IOSH HSE Over the Counter

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					Medicine in general is used for prevention and treatment of diseases and illness. Medicines
include modern / western medicines and traditional medicines such as jamu, herbs etc. Some
medicines require prescriptions after consultation with a doctor. There are also medicines which
can be bought over the counter without a doctor’s prescription from a shop or pharmacy e.g.
mild analgesic, antacid and jamu. It is very important to store your medicines properly for them
to be effective.
 Many people store their medications in the bathroom. But this popular spot
   is actually one of the worst places to keep medicine. Bathroom cabinets
 tend to be warm and humid, an environment that speeds up a drug's break
                                  down process.
  This is especially true for tablets and capsules. Unnecessary exposure to
heat and moisture can cause them to lose their potency prior to their labeled
     expiration date. For example, a warm, muggy environment can cause
  aspirin tablets to break down into acetic acid (vinegar) and salicylic acid,
                  both of which are potential stomach irritants.
Medicines should be kept
 in a cool, dry place and
should not be exposed to
heat and direct sunlight.
Where do you keep
 your medicines?
Are they in different places—with some in the medicine cabinet, some in the kitchen, and some
in the bedroom or elsewhere? As a parent, grandparent, or family member, it’s important that
you organize and keep track of your medicines.

After all, you will want to know where a particular medicine is when you or someone else needs
to find it. And you will want to keep your medicines secure so that a child, or a teenager, or even
a stranger, does not get into them. That way, you can help prevent an accidental injury, as well as
do your part to stop the possible abuse of prescription medicines.
The first step in getting organized is to take a look at all the medicines you have. You should try
to do this type of inventory every six months, or at least once a year.
Start by checking the expiration date on the bottle—you don’t want to take any chances with a
medicine that no longer works the way it’s supposed to. Also, look for medicines that are
discolored, dried out, crumbling, or show other signs that they are past their prime.
In addition, look for leftover prescription medicines from a previous illness or
condition. You will want to discard these since you should never try to treat yourself
(or anyone else) with a prescription medicine. Your symptoms might seem similar to
what you had before, but the cause could be different or the medicine may not be the
right one this time around.
Now that you’ve identified the medicines you want to keep, the next step is to find a safe place to
keep them.
You’ll want to store your medicine in an area that is convenient, but is also cool and dry – since
heat and humidity can damage medicines. That’s why a bathroom is not a good place to keep your
medicines unless you are able to keep the room well
ventilated. (However, the bathroom medicine chest is an ideal place to keep items such as
bandages, tweezers, gauze, cotton balls, scissors, and other products that aren’t affected by heat
or humidity.)
Here are the PROPER WAYS to keep
   medicines in your home…..
 Separate medicines for oral use (to be swallowed)
  from medicines not for oral use (external
  preparation e.g. cream).
Keep your medicines in cool and dry places
 at temperatures below 25 C (not necessarily
 in an air-conditioned room).
Medicines should preferably be kept in
 an air tight container.
Keep your medicines in the fridge
 if instructed to do so.
Keep your medicines out of reach of children
 or in locked cabinets to avoid poisoning.
Here are some of the
places which are NOT
 the proper ways to
  keep medicines in
     your home.
Medicines kept near electrical appliances which
emits heat or any areas which are hot such as:

     On top of the refrigerator….
Near the stove, kettle, boiler, hot water
 flask and on top of the microwave, oven etc….
In place which are exposed to the sunlight
 such as the window….
And inside the car……
Label instructions: It is always a good practice to read storage instructions printed
on the container or strips in which the medicine comes. Many liquid medicines are
required to be used within a certain number of days after opening the container, after
which their potency is reduced or lost. Reading instructions on the label is therefore
the first thing one should do on purchasing a medicine. In fact, these instructions are
enough to store medicines properly and one does not usually require further advice on
                         How To Read A Drug Label
 All over-the-counter medicines must list the active ingredients and provide their
basic information. This information is found in key spots on the box or bottle label.
Disposal of Expired or Unwanted
Discard medications that are beyond the expiration date
assigned by the manufacturer or pharmacy. Also discard
creams, lotions, or liquids that have separated or crystallized.
Though it may be tempting to flush medication down the
toilet, this is no longer considered safe, since medications have
been known to leach into water supplies. However, some
controlled substances have such high abuse potential that it is
not safe to dispose of them by any other means.
It is acceptable to throw old medication into your household
trash if you have taken pains to make them unusable and
inaccessible to humans or pets. The FDA recommends
removing the medication from its container and mixing it in
with coffee grounds, cat litter, or other unappealing garbage.
This mixture should then be placed into a sealed container and
disposed of in the garbage can.
 Value Your Medicines And
   Stores Them Properly

Avoid Wastage And Poisoning

Protect Your Family And Save
      The Environment
       Useful Link

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