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									                                               UN0603
                                                Unit 1

General Introduction to Project Management

                           Dr. J. Michael Bennett, P. Eng., PMP,
                                                          UNENE
      UOIT, McMaster University, The University of Western Ontario
                                                Version 2K6-IX-09
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Change Record
          2K6-IX-01 Initial Creation
          2K6-IX-09 trivial correction, course name




1-2          2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       UN0603 Road Map
       Unit 1 Introduction to Project Management
       Unit 2 The Project Management Context
       Unit 3 Project Management Processes
       Unit 4 Project Integration Management
       Unit 5 Project Scope Management
       Unit 6 Project Cost Management
       Unit 7 Project Time Management
       Unit 8 Project Quality Management
       Unit 9 Project Human Resource Management
       Unit 10 Project Communications Management
       Unit 11 Project Risk Management
       Unit 12 Project Procurement Management

1-3          2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Unit 1 RoadMap
          1.1 Why We Need Project Management
          1.2 The PMI Approach
          1.3 What is a Project?
          1.4 What is Project Management?
          1.5 A Quick Tour of PM
          1.6 Relationship of PM to Other Management
          and Technical Disciplines
          1.7 Useful Things

1-4          2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       What You Should Take Away Today
          The Importance of Project Management
          A 10,000 m of our world today
          The Importance of Strategic Alignment
          The Need for Project Management
          The PMI process
          Basic components of Project Management



1-5          2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Unit 1 RoadMap
          1.1 Why We Need Project Management
          1.2 The PMI Approach
          1.3 What is a Project?
          1.4 What is Project Management?
          1.5 A Quick Tour of PM
          1.6 Relationship of PM to Other Management
          and Technical Disciplines
          1.7 Useful Things

1-6          2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       P-Soup
          Project
          Process
          Product
          Project Manager
          Project Management
          Portfolio Management



1-7          2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       What IS a Project anyway?
          Formal definition to come
          OED:
              Noun
                  An enterprise carefully planned to achieve a particular aim
                  Piece of research by a student
              Verb
                  Estimate based on present trends
                  Plan
                  Extend outwards beyond something else
                  Cause to move forward


1-8          2K6-IX-09       Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP             UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       What is PM2?
          Project Management – the application of
          knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to
          project activities, to meet the project
          requirements
          Project Manager – the person assigned by
          the performing organization to achieve
          project objectives


1-9          2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Where did it Come from?
          As humans, we have been PMing for eons
          Projects are a natural way of organizing
              Work
              Farming
              Hunting
              Building
              Warring
          Only codified within the last 4 decades

1-10         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       What if we did NOT have PM?
          Deadlines could not be met.
          Cost overruns would be the norm
          No control over quality
          No way to accumulate and pass on PM
          knowledge




1-11         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Well PM is not THAT new
          There exist many good historical examples
              Pyramids
              Roman roads
              Great Wall of China
              Cathedrals in the Middle Ages
              Bridges from the beginning of time
              Battles from the beginning of time
              Ships from the beginning of time
              The Empire State Building was months early and way
              under budget (1930s)

1-12         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       These were Hero Projects
          These could be done once but were not
          repeatable
          Many odd things happened along the way
          (flying buttresses)
          Story of the Wasa
          Key is repeatability of success



1-13         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Other Reasons for Old-Time Successes
          Characteristic of stable times
          Well-known processes
          Could learn from very similar processes
          Costing was vague if at all
          Schedules non-existent
          How about our society today????



1-14         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Formalization of Project Management
          By-product of the energy of the Second World War
          Gramma always told me “it‟s an ill wind that blows no
          good!”
          Other “good” WWII examples:
              PERT
              Nuclear energy
              Computers
              Transistors
              Jet planes


1-15         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       We Live in Interesting Times
          AT&T has terabit ATM (OC 20K) over 60 miles
          Motorola slashes 47,000 jobs. Nortel is 1/8 its size of Y2K
          Rumors of Lucent‟s Bankruptcy (1 of 2 fired!)
          BigBanks, Telecoms Joining like fury
          32 dot-coms die in 2K; The rest, in 2K1!
          Hershey, PG recent meltdown
          Telecoms commit telecomicide
          Enronitis a pandemic
          GM to be Toyotasized?




1-16         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Interesting Times for Business
          15 years ago, had you heard of
              Walmart?
              Cisco?
              Lucent?
          Where are Digital, Bay, Ungermann-Bass now?
          Anderson is kaputsky
          10 years from now!!!


1-17         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Interesting Times for Technology
          Petabyte databases are coming (some here now)
          Gigabit communications commonplace
          Satellite, ATM, FR, wireless communications
          networks
          100Mbps wireless available
          Massive inter-connectivity
          Faster, more powerful computers
          Internet still maintaining its near-OOM growth


1-18         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Interesting Times Globally
          Germany reunites
          USSR implodes
          Balkans balkanize
          Asian markets explode, implode
          Stock markets rollercoastering
          24 Navy crew incarcerated in China were in touch
          with friends over the Internet!
          9-11!


1-19         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Canadian Public Sector Changes
          A Tory Federal Party Leader becomes a Liberal
          Provincial Party Leader
          Toronto debalkanizes/major cities too
          School boards are downsized
          Liquor boards privatized
          OPG lurches towards privatization (and back)
          Airports, ATC privatized

1-20         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Everywhere...
          Downsizing
          Rightsizing
          Outsourcing
          Shifting governances (New Zealand Post!)




1-21         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       A Strange Conjunction
          We are in the midst of TWO revolutions
          1 digital convergence
          2 societal divergence




1-22         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Digital Convergence
          Confluence of networking, video,
          computers, telephony
          “webbing” of the world
          Frame Relay-ATM-10Gnet WANs
          Gigabit LANS; Ubiquitous Satellites
          is providing an OOM change, like
          automobiles


1-23         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Societal Divergence
          Strauss & Howe view history as a sequence of 80-
          100 year saeculae (Etruscan word!)
          Each has 4 subcycles
              High
              Awakening
              Unravelling
              Crisis
          The passing from one to the other they called a
          turning


1-24         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       4th Turning is from Unravelling into Crisis
          Like the French Revolution
          Like WWI
          The times are characterized by chaos,
          upheaval, monstrous uncertainty




1-25         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       What to Do?
          We MUST do something, but WHAT?
          Cannot stay still
          We need to understand the business that we
          are in
          What is our raison d‟être?
          As Red said to Andy: “A person can be
          in 1 of 2 states; busy livin‟ or busy dyin‟ ”


1-26         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       So What?
          Since 1997, I have been predicting
              CHAOS
              UNCERTAINTY
              REVOLUTIONS (in the true sense of the word)
              VAST TECHNICAL UPHEAVALS
              CONSTANT DECREASE IN MARKET
              CYCLE TIMES



1-27         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       A Core Competency in Troubled Times

                              PROJECT
                     MANAGEMENT




1-28         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Strategic Alignment
          What is our view
              of our mission?
              of our clients?
              of our strengths?
              of our weaknesses?
              of our opportunities?
              of threats to our organization?



1-29         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

       Strategic Alignment Model
           (Henderson & Venkatraman BQ, 1990)

                          BUSINESS                                         IT
                       Business Strategy                              IT Strategy


                                                Functional
External               External                 Integration          External IT
                     Opportunities                                  Environment

                    Strategic                                                  Strategic
                       Fit                                                        Fit


                                                Functional
Internal         Internal Processes             Integration           Internal IT
                                                                    Infrastructures

                   Organizational                                    IT Infrastructure
1-30             2K6-IX-09          Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP
              Infrastructure and Processes                                     UNENE
                                                                       & Processes         UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Business Case Questions
       What is the value to my organization in
        creating a new Product?
       What will it cost; what is its ROI?
              How do we guide my colleagues to enhance our
              processes?
              How does our solution compare with legacy
              products?
              What kind of organizational infrastructure do
              we need to support this kind of activity?

1-31         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Business Case Questions
          Will our solution parallel or replace the older system?
          How will it mesh with legacy systems?
          What training is necessary for users and administrators?
          Does legislation need to be changed?
          Does the delivery system need changing?




1-32         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       ROI in Government??
          Everything has a cost
          We can calculate how much RC spends to
          process a tax return
          In 2000, the US army spent 1.5 billion
          dollars to recover 1 billion owed to them!!!
          Know your ROI!



1-33         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Information COSTS
          One-third of the US health care cost is in
          processing information!
          Capturing, storing, processing data




1-34         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Identifying Our Value Streams
          Value streams are a set of activities that we
          do that to satisfy a customer need
          Any organization must have some
          Typically, an organization has about 10
          TIP: your Project MUST be aligned to one
          of your VSs



1-35         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Strategic Visioning
          The Strategic Revolution
          Core Competencies
          Network the Organization
          Strategic Value Streams
          Risk Analysis




1-36         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Strategic Visioning
          Use SAM to refine your vision
          Make it useable
          Make it known
          Get buy-in from everyone




1-37         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Core Competencies
          A core competency is a key technology/skill that
          can be used in many areas
          Competency-carriers are those folks that possess
          the core competency
          A value stream is an end-to-end application of core
          competencies to satisfy a customer need with an
          appropriate solution (delighting the customer)
          Every org must have some (5-15)


1-38         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Examples of Core Competencies
          Sony
              miniaturization
                  super-flat little motors, control chips, small batteries
                  disk-drive mechanisms
              result --> 160 Walkmans in 10 years
          Black and Decker
              electric motors
                  standard motors, holders (60-650 watts)
              result --> Competitors fell from 20 to 3!



1-39         2K6-IX-09        Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP               UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management




          Revenue Canada can collect money
          according to a fixed set of rules.
          Use HR‟s ubiquity.
          Learn from the TO megacity trials
          Learn from Québec‟s smart cards
          OPG‟s CCs?



1-40         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Networked Organizations
          Form alliances within your organizational
          environment
          If you don‟t have the CC, partner or buy




1-41         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Strategic Value Streams (SVSs)
          Values Streams aligned with your strategy
          Every org MUST have at least




1-42         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


Examples Who Know (do not know) their SVSs

          Wal-Mart not K-Mart
          Toyota not GM (perhaps)
          Banc One
          Kao (cosmetics to floppies)
          Nokia (P&P to cell-phones)




1-43         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       A Survivor‟s Guide for the Decade
          Identify your SVSs
          Use SAM to look at new technologies to see
          if they are helpful
          Use SAM to “box” the model
          Then map SVSs into Projects




1-44         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

       Risk Analysis
       (Is your Organization a Dinosaur?)
          Encyclopedia Britannica
          NCR example of mechanical cash registers
          Canada Post
          Universities?
          OPG?



1-45         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Might you Become One?
          Toys-R-Us, Staples, Amazon might if we
          get better search engines, direct-to-home
          delivery




1-46         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Project Management
          An idea whose time has come
          A Key Competency for ANY engineer in
          any discipline
          Within a year of graduation, normally EITs
          on a project team
          Within 5, PEng‟s will be PMs
          Get your PMP after this course and OPG
          will LOVE you
1-47         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Unit 1 RoadMap
          1.1 Why We Need Project Management
          1.2 The PMI Approach
          1.3 What is a Project?
          1.4 What is Project Management?
          1.5 A Quick Tour of PM
          1.6 Relationship of PM to Other Management
          and Technical Disciplines
          1.7 Useful Things

1-48         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.2 The PMI Approach
          Project Management Institute
          HQed in USA (Georgetown University,
          Washington and Pennsylvania)
          Gives the PMP designation
          Huge multiple-choice test plus "points"
          Author of PMBOK



1-49         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       The PMI View of Things
          Views Project Management as 9 key areas
          Project Integration is one
          Contract Management is another
          All interrelated




1-50         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       The IPO Model


               INPUT                   PROCESS              OUTPUT




1-51         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Process Groups Linkages
               Initiating                     Planning
               Processes                      Processes



                          Controlling                       Executing
                           Processes                        Processes



                                               Closing
                                              Processes

1-52         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP        UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


                       Overlap of Process Groups in a Phase

                                                          Executing Processes
   Level of Activity




                                     Planning Processes                         Closing
                        Initiating                                              Processes
                        Phase                       Controlling Processes


                                                Time 


1-53                      2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP      UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       PMP Boundaries
                          monitoring & controlling
                                     planning



             initiating                                     closing




                                     executing



1-54         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP         UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management
       Summary of Process Interaction
          Enterprise                 Initiating              Project
         Environment                  Process                Sponsor

        Organizational
           Assets                    Planning
                                     Process


                                     Executing
                                      Process


                                    Mon&Cont
                                     Process


          Customer                    Closing
         Deliverable                  Process
1-55         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Some PMI Stats
          There are about 186,000 PMPs in the world
          today (June 2006)
          Increasing at about 30% per year
          There are several Masters PM programs in
          Canada now (none in 1993)
          Join the PMI. Costs a hundred dollars a year
          (tax write-off). About 218,000 people
          belong (June 2006).

1-56         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Unit 1 RoadMap
          1.1 Why We Need Project Management
          1.2 The PMI Approach
          1.3 What is a Project?
          1.4 What is Project Management?
          1.5 A Quick Tour of PM
          1.6 Relationship of PM to Other Management
          and Technical Disciplines
          1.7 Useful Things

1-57         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


    1.3 Formal Definition of a Project (PMI)
          A temporary endeavor undertaken to create
          a unique product, service or result.




1-58         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.3 Must have 5 Characteristics
       1. Projects are unique, one-time activities. They have a
          Beginning and an Ending, as opposed to ongoing
          activities.
       2. Projects use limited resources; people, time,
          computer processing power, workstations, money...
       3. Projects have a precise goal, normally stated in one
          line.
       4. Projects involve sequenced activities, which are
          partially ordered.
       5. Projects have a timeline.

1-59         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       What is a Project cont.?
          1   Examples
          2   Historical Examples
          3   Non-Examples
          4   Hermaphroditic Examples
          5   Definition of Project Management
          6   The PCTS Approach
          7   Quality and PM
          8   Categorization of Projects.
1-60          2K6-IX-09     Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       The “Mother” of all Projects
          “In the beginning, God created Heaven and
          Earth” Genesis 1,1
              Timeline 7 days; met!
              Cost unknown
              Product quality. Hmmmmmm.




1-61         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Less Impressive Examples
          Developing a new product (car, house)
          Building something (bridge, house, cathedral)
          Writing a piece of software
          Installing a new thing (bathroom, pool)
          Writing a book, article, essay
          Passing this course
          Getting a degree

1-62         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Historical Examples
          Battles
          WWII battle at Dunkirk/Stalingrad
          Building Towers (Eiffel, CN)
          Building Cathedrals
          Putting a Human on the Moon
          Discovering the “Indies”



1-63         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Non-examples
          Processing claims
          Manufacturing widgets
          Cooking in a restaurant
          Federal express delivery




1-64         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Hermaphroditic examples
          Software maintenance
          i.e. non-projects which have distinct project
          subcomponents
          Find a cure for cancer (note the difference
          with research projects)




1-65         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Unit 1 RoadMap
          1.1 Why We Need Project Management
          1.2 The PMI Approach
          1.3 What is a Project?
          1.4 What is Project Management?
          1.5 A Quick Tour of PM
          1.6 Relationship of PM to Other Management
          and Technical Disciplines
          1.7 Useful Things

1-66         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Another (circular!) definition of PM
       Project Management
         is the planning, scheduling and controlling
         of project activities to achieve project
         objectives




1-67         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Slick Definition
       A project is a problem scheduled for solution
        (J.M. Juran)




1-68         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       What is the Goal of Project Management?
       The GOAL is to COMPLETE the project
          with the following attributes:
       1. ON TIME.
       2. ON BUDGET
       3. ON PERFORMANCE
       4. with EVERYONE HAPPY!


1-69         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Is PM always Appropriate?
       Many things are not appropriate. Such as:
       1. real estate agent call forwarding
       2. emergency room operation
       3. taxi cab dispatching
       4. Mr. BigBucks financial planning
       5. provincial budgets
       Although many of the PM tools may be applicable.



1-70         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Projects Failures are like Snowflakes
       (There are a thousand reasons for failure but not a single excuse: Mike Reid)

          people misused                      scooped by competition
          strategic misalignment              acts-of-God
          unrealistic goals                   market shift
          insufficient funding                no cost-accounting
          lack of planning                    no team spirit
          too much executive                  excessive staff mobility
          interference                        cost overruns
          incorrect skill-set                 poor quality control
          resources improperly
          allocated



1-71         2K6-IX-09       Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP            UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


         Why Do Projects End?
          “mission accomplished”                  Issues of Termination
          “mission scrubbed” because:             1. planned termination
          1. scooped                              2. hatchet termination
          2. funding CANCELLED
                                                  3. reassignment to other
          3. change in strategic mission
          4. problem too complex for unit            activities
          5. time allocated exceeded              4. sinkholing
          6. budget over-run                      5. death by a thousand
          7. key people leave                     cuts
          8. whims of PHB



1-72         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP    UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Why Do Projects Succeed?


           GOOD
          PROJECT
        MANAGEMENT
1-73         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

       OUR MOTTO



       IF YOU CAN’T MEASURE IT,
         YOU CAN’T MANAGE IT!



1-74         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Scope of This Course
          Foundations course
          Integrates 2 life cycles
          You must know both




1-75         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

       Why You Should Take This Course!




1-76         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       The PCTS Approach
          P - at a desired performance
          C - within cost
          T - on time
          S - within scope

                             C = f (P,T,S)



1-77         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Project Costs as a Function of Time
       Cost
           300

           250

           200

           150

           100

            50

             0
                 1   2     3     4     5      6    7        8   9    10     11

                                       Time            Project Sweet Spot
1-78         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP           UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Other Factors
          Environmental
          Governmental
          Quality
          Completion with mutually agreed scope changes
          Completion without disturbing the main work flow
          of the organization
          Completion without changing the corporate culture



1-79         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       The P Hierarchy
          Portfolios
          Programs
          Projects




1-80         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Categorization of Projects
          Normal Projects
          Composite Projects
          Mega-Projects
          Indies-class Projects
          Death March Projects




1-81         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Death March Projects                      after Yourdan




          If at least 1 project parameter exceeds the
          norm by 50%
           ¨    schedule is compressed
           ¨   staff reduced
           ¨   budget (resources) reduced
           ¨   functionality doubled




1-82           2K6-IX-09    Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP        UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Another Grisly Definition
          A DMP is one for which a true risk
          assessment determines that the likelihood of
          failure > 50%




1-83         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Wally and his Death March Project




1-84         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Project Sizes             (after Yourdan and Goldilocks)




          Small (<10 people; 3-12 months)
          Medium (20-30; 1-2 years)
          Large (100-300; 3-5 years)
          Mind-boggling (1000-2000; 7-10 years)




1-85         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP         UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Unit 1 RoadMap
          1.1 Why We Need Project Management
          1.2 The PMI Approach
          1.3 What is a Project?
          1.4 What is Project Management?
          1.5 A Quick Tour of PM
          1.6 Relationship of PM to Other Management
          and Technical Disciplines
          1.7 Useful Things

1-86         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5 Organizing the Project
       1.5.1 Project Requirements             1.5.6 Risk Analysis
       1.5.2 Project Scoping                  1.5.7 Scheduling
       1.5.3 Task Decomposition               1.5.8 Testing and QC
       1.5.4 Sizing the Project               1.5.9 Project Control
       1.5.5 Planning the Project             1.5.10 The PM Context




1-87         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.1 Project Requirements
          Must specify precisely what the product
          produced by the project is to accomplish
          Very difficult to do, especially with SW




1-88         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.2 Project Scoping
          Making a Distinction
          Set its boundaries
          What it IS
          What it is NOT!




1-89         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.3 Task Decomposition
          Big fleas have little fleas,
           Upon their backs to bite „em.
          Little fleas have littler fleas,
           And so, ad infinitum.
          Very important
          Very hard!
          Rule of Thumb
                  Goal-on-a-Page!
                  Smallest subtask should be “do-able” in your mind.
                  Similar to Design Modularization



1-90         2K6-IX-09       Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP              UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.4 Sizing the Project
          Very difficult
          Biggest Problem is Estimation!
                Back-of-the-envelope
                Previous examples

                Metrics associated with the second life cycle

                Data from tables, books, standards

          Cops and the Donut store metaphor



1-91         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.5 Planning the Project
          Done after the Task Decomposition
          Use Gantt or Pert charts
          Do Team selection
                availability of people
                funding

                time horizons

          Size estimation ( = costs)
          Lots more to come!


1-92         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.6 Risk Analysis
          Much more to come
          Allows us to balance off rewards against risks
          Identifies “hot” spots




1-93         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.7 Scheduling
          Highly dependent on ability to estimate
          Need both size metrics and consumption
          metrics
          Needs experience
          Must identify dependencies




1-94         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.8 Testing and Quality Control
          Test, test and test. After that, test again!
          Must be able to “guarantee‟ software
          Unit testing; regression testing
          Test suites
          Horrible examples
              DK school
              Exlax example
              Cheque for $0.00
              Galloping Gertie
              Quebec Bridge


1-95         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.9 Project Control
          Necessity
          When plan is in place, must track
          Need negative feedback

                    NB, NEGATIVE = GOOD!




1-96         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       1.5.10 The Project Management Context
          PMI PMBOK, 3e
          ISO 10006 Quality Project Management
          National (UK) Occupational Standards for PM
          Many other in-house standards




1-97         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       Current Status of PM
          North American State-of-the-Art
          Examples good and bad




1-98         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


       So How Are We Doing?
          April, 2006, 3,874 US projects reporting
          47% were
              Troubled
              Troubled and recovered
              Troubled and failed
          Answer: BAAAAAAAAD!



1-99         2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


         Top 5 Symptoms of Troubled Projects
1.      Critical issues in meeting milestones/completing deliverables
2.      High risk that project will not deliver anticipated results
3.      Project forecasted to be unacceptably late
4.      Project IS unacceptably behind schedule now
5.      Critical technical issues with the project
     Center for Business Practices “Troubled Projects, Apr 2K6” [PMN Aug 2K6]




1-100          2K6-IX-09       Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP            UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


     Top Reasons for Poor Proj Performance
  1. When serving on the team, employees aren‟t relieved of
        routine responsibilities………………….…....84%
  2.    Employees do not receive PM training……....80%
  3.    Teams aren‟t given enough resources..............69%
  4.    Project teams throughout the Organization fail to follow
        a standard PM methodology……………...….62%
  5.    The right people aren‟t on the team……..…...55%
  6.    Teams do not have clear, attainable goals…...46%
        PM Network May 2006 (Quality Progress magazine)



1-101        2K6-IX-09        Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Quality Progress Survey (Feb 2K6)
          PMs say
              82% were completed
              89% met their goals
              36% were late
              26% went over budget
              33% always on time, on budget
              62% did NOT follow a standard methodology



1-102        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

     Project Portfolio Best Practices
     Center for Business Practices, April 2006



           Adequate resources available


        Performance reviews may lead to
                 realignment

                                                                                 Worse
Portfolio performance metrics captured                                           Average
                                                                                 Best

        Strategic Alignment a prioritizing
                     criterium


              List of projects documented


1-103            2K6-IX-09                      0   1     2    3   4
                                       Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   5   6UNENE UN0603
                                                                               7
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


   PM Failure
   (“Success has a hundred fathers; Failure is an orphan” Count Ciano)
          Project failure
              Schedule overrun
              Cost overrun
              Cancellation
          Product failure
              Death and injury
              Expensive recalls
              Legal liabilities
              Organizational embarrassment

1-104        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

        Some Recent Schedule Disasters
        (NB SOs normally go with COs!)


           Boston‟s Big Dig..........................196% so
           Humber Bridge UK......................175%
           Boston-NY-Washington rr...........130%
           Great Belt rail tunnel DK.............110%
           Shinkansen Bridge JP...................100%
           Chunnel..........................................80%
           Øresund access links DK...............70%
           Great Belt link................................54%

1-105        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Spectacular Projects c Spectacular COs
          Suez Canal..........................1,900%
          Sydney Opera House..........1,400%
          Concorde.............................1,100%
          Panama Canal (USA)............200%
          Brooklyn Bridge....................100%
          Firearms.......................1,000,000%
          Pickering A Rehab………….300%
          Confederation Bridge................0%

1-106        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        And of Course, Canadian Examples
          Montreal Olympics!
              We are still paying for it
              Note that the LA Olympics MADE $100M!
          OPG Pickering A Unit 1Rehab (300% CO,
          2 years late)
          Note what happened to Chairman, CEO,
          CFO!


1-107        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Deadly Projects
          Quebec Bridge
          Chernobyl
          Challenger, Columbia disasters




1-108        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        All Three!
          First Panama Canal (200% overrun, did not
          finish, 20,000 men died)




1-109        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Embarrassing Operational Examples
          TMI




1-110        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Strategic Failures (building something no one wants)
        Iridium
           $5 billion spent
           Way late (12 years)
           Needed 400,000 subscribers to break even;
           had 10,000 when it chaptered-11ed
           Bought for $25M!
           Massive strategic misalignment!

1-111        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Deadly Products
          Hyatt-Regency walkways collapse (114 dead)
          Ocean Ranger sinking (88 dead)
          Thresher sinking (129 dead)




1-112        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Viability depends on Estimated ROI
        Project                 CO(%)            Actuals/Forecasts (%)
        Denver Airport          200                         50
        Humber Bridge           175                         25
        Chunnel                 80                          18
        Baltimore Metro         60                          40
        Portland Metro          55                          45
        Buffalo Metro           50                          30
        Paris Nord              25                          25

1-113        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP        UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Why?
          Politicos LIE
          Need to get the big ones done
          Note that the projected usage NEVER even
          comes CLOSE to the actuals
          They do NOT calculate the total life cycle
          cost of the project (i.e. the effect on the
          environment!)


1-114        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Some MegaProjects to Watch
          China‟s Three Gorges Dam
          Hong Kong‟s Chek Lap Kok airport
          Thailand‟s 650 km Myanmar-Thailand
          pipeline




1-115        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


  The North American SW Report Card
          Yourdan reports that 25% of large projects
          NEVER finish and the average MIS project
          is one year late and 100% over budget.
          Standish Group (Chaos Report) reports that
          (1995)
                31.1% projects will be canceled before completion
                51.5.7% of them will average 189% overruns

                only 16.2% are completed on-time, on-budget

                for Fortune 500, 9% will do so




1-116        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Chaos 1998/20003 Update
          Overall US success rate has increased from
          16% to 26 % (until 2004) BUT
          95% of challenged projects were restarted at
          least once
          Failures and cost overruns cost $100G in
          1998



1-117        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Some Very Costly SW Projects
          AAT/CAATs
          CONFIRM
          Allstate, Denver Airport
          TAURUS
          CA DMV
          Mars Probes
          Ariane V rocket
          Hershey meltdown
1-118        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Some Very SW Deadly Projects
          Therac 25
          The Patriot Missile
          The LAS Debacle
          Several Air Bus disasters




1-119        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

        More SW Chernobyl Awards
        (M. Mische; “Reengineering” Auerbach)



        Badly managed projects with terrible
         consequences
         Florida‟s Welfare System Project; $100M
         IRS “Automation Effort”
                $3.3Gs wasted
                Not a single line of code
                cf: RevCan!


1-120          2K6-IX-09        Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        The Auditor-General‟s Report
          Report to Parliament, October 1995
          Chapter 12 analyzed 4 major IT projects, with a
          total cost (to date of $500,000,000).

        PSCS (PWGSC) $61M spent when cancelled
        ISPR (HRC) needs continual corrective action
        CDFS (PWGSC) used by 1 of 20 users!(95)
        IDFS (TC)     descoped to remain on target


1-121        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Big 3 Reasons
          Poor project planning
          Weak business case
          Lack of top management support




1-122        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        And The Usual Suspects
          Used new/unproven technologies
          Vendors did not meet commitment
          Poor estimates
          Lack of requirements definition
          No risk management




1-123        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Why Are PMs So BAD?
          Can‟t estimate schedule
          Can‟t estimate cost
          Can‟t estimate quality
          Can‟t estimate effects of changes on
          projects




1-124        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        News Flash!
          The British Computer Society and the Royal
          Academy of Engineers just reported that 90%
          of large IT projects fail and they conclude
          “there has never been a more critical time for IT
          professionals to ensure their PM skills are
          qualified and well-defined”




1-125        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        More Good News
          Australian high-tech sector recorded a 50%
          increase in demand for PM skills (based on
          job adverts). “Companies want to
          supplement their internal resources with
          well-disciplined project managers”




1-126        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Unit 1 RoadMap
          1.1 Why We Need Project Management
          1.2 The PMI Approach
          1.3 What is a Project?
          1.4 What is Project Management?
          1.5 A Quick Tour of PM
          1.6 Relationship of PM to Other Management
          and Technical Disciplines
          1.7 Useful Things

1-127        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Successes
          Confederation Bridge (1G, on-time)
          Millau Gorge Bridge ($600M, 5 years)




1-128        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        France‟s Millau Gorge Bridge




1-129        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management



 1.6 Relationship to Other Management/Technical Disciplines

          Overlaps with general management
          Overlaps with application areas. These are
          usually defined in terms of:
              Functional departments
              Technical disciplines
              Management specializations
              Industry groups



1-130        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Overlap of Areas of Expertise                             (PMBOK 13)




                           Total PM BOK


         Interpersonal       PMBOK            Application Area.
             Skills                           Stands and Regs
                             GUIDE




1-131        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP           UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        The P Hierarchy
          Strategic Plan
          Portfolios
          Programs
          Projects




1-132        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


         A High-Level View of the 3 Ps
                                     Portfolio


                   Portfolio         Projects            Programs


     Programs            Projects        Programs         Projects          Other Work



        Projects                                   Projects           Projects


                                                          Source: PMI Today May 2K6



1-133         2K6-IX-09        Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP           UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Comparing Projects, Programs & Ports
        PROJECTS                             PROGRAMS                             PORTFOLIOS
        Narrow scope, specific               Wide scope that may have to          Business scope that is aligned
        deliverables                         change to meet org expectations      with the strategic org goals
        PM tries to minimize change          ProgMan have to expect change,       PortMans constantly monitor
                                             even embrace it                      changes in broad environment
        Success is measured by $, τ,         Success is measured by ROI,          Success is measured by
        products delivered 2 specification   new capabilities & benefits          aggregate performance of port
                                                                                  components
        Leadership style focuses on          Leadership style focuses on          Leadership focuses on adding
        delivery                             relationships, conflict resolution   value to port decision-making
        PMs manage do-ers                    ProgMans manage PMs                  PortMans man staffs manage

        PMs are team players, motivating     ProgMans are leaders providing       PortMans provide insight and
        using knowledge and skills           vision and leadership                synthesis
        PMs plan to manage the delivery      ProgMans create high-level           PortMans manages process and
        of project products                  architectures directing projects     communications for the portfolio
        PMs monitor and the work of          ProgMans monitor projects            PortMans monitr aggregate
        producing the projects‟ products     through governance structures        performance & value indicators
1-134            2K6-IX-09             Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP                               UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Relationships Among P, P & Ps
                                STRATEGIC VISION
          Mobilization      Strategic Objectives   Strategic Options    Strategic Portfolio




                                                PROGRAMS

         Pre-Program     Program Set       Establish        Deliver         Close the          Ongoing
            Set Up           Up            Program        Incremental       Program           Operations
                                         Infrastructure     Benefits




                                         PROJECTS

1-135        2K6-IX-09           Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP                            UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Unit 1 RoadMap
          1.1 Why We Need Project Management
          1.2 The PMI Approach
          1.3 What is a Project?
          1.4 What is Project Management?
          1.5 A Quick Tour of PM
          1.6 Relationship of PM to Other Management
          and Technical Disciplines
          1.7 Useful Things

1-136        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        1.7 The Three Curves of PM
          The Effort Curve
          The S-Curve
          The ROI Curve




1-137        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        The Effort Curve
                                                 Effort Curve

                              12
                              10
           Effort/Time Unit




                              8
                              6
                              4

                              2
                              0
                                   1   3    5    7    9    11   13   15    17   19   21   23
                                                          Time Units



1-138                     2K6-IX-09        Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP         UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        The S-Curve
                                                           S-Curve

                                 120
           Percentage Complete




                                 100

                                 80
                                 60
                                 40

                                 20
                                  0
                                       1   3      5    7     9    11   13   15   17   19   21   23
                                                                 Time Units


1-139                   2K6-IX-09              Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP           UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

        The ROI Curve




1-140        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        10 Commandments of the PM
        1. THOU SHALT manage thine people
        2. THOU SHALT estimate accurately
        3. THOU SHALT know thine productivity rates
        4. THOU SHALT track with an EVA
        5. THOU SHALT manage requirement change
        6. THOU SHALT talk to thine users
        7. THOU SHALT do a risk plan
        8. THOU SHALT do a quality plan
        9. THOU SHALT avoid large projects
        10. THOU SHALT review all that thou doest
1-141        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Finally, pity the poor PM
          Success has many fathers (never the PM!).
          Failure has one father
          THE PROJECT MANAGER!




1-142        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Prefixes You Should Know
          Nonillion      N 1030                deci         d 10-1
          Octillion      O 1027                centi        c 10-2
          Yotta          Y 1024                milli        m 10-3
          Zetta          Z 1021                micro        µ 10-6
          Exa            E 1018                nano         n 10-9
          Peta           P 1015                pico         p 10-12
          Tera           T 1012                femto        f 10-15
          Giga           G 109                 atto         a 10-18
          Mega           M 106                 zepto        z 10-21
          Kilo           K 103                 yocto        y 10-24
          Hecto          H 102
          Deka           D 101

1-143        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP        UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


        Useful Physical Constants
           SOL = 2.997925x108 mps
                                               Enet = 10Mbps
           SOLiC = 2 x108 mps
                                               OC1 = 51.84Mbps
           Earth's pop = 6Gig
           Earth's langs = 3-5K                FEnet = 100Mbps
           Earth‟s radius = 40Kki              OC12 = 622Mbps
           Earth‟s weight = 6x1024kg           Genet = 1000Mbps
           Analogue = 28.8-57.6Kbps            OC192 = 9.9Gbps
           DS0 = 64Kbps                        10GEnet = 10 Gbps
           T1 = 1.544Mbps
           T3 = 45Mbps



1-144        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP    UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

        Useful JMB Expressions
         You‟re 404/gone to                   Have you considered Arts?
         Atlanta/drivin‟ on the DVP           off to the COBOL mines (gross
         PHB                                  insult)
         til the cows kum home                blecherous (of software)
         murf murf murf                       bag-o-bits
         barforama                            snarf
                                              bogosity
         bizillion
                                              technodweeb
         explain that to your spouse
         (parent)
         beemer, beemerspeak



1-145        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP     UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

        Course Protocol

          SECOND-SOURCE yourself
          If you cannot make a deadline, inform me
          by email of that and when you will deliver
          We will use WORD 2K, MSP 2K3
          email is good




1-146        2K6-IX-09      Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP   UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management

        Committed versus Spent (typical)
        Visualizing PM Forsberg et al
            Study                 Imp‟n             Ops         D
 120

 100
                               85%
  80
                  70%
                                                                          % Committed
  60
        AR=40%                                                            % Spent
  40
        PDR=10%

  20                                                                  SCR=Sys Concept Rev
        SCR=01%          04%    10%          40%                      PDR=Prelim Des Rev
                                                                      AR=Accept Review
   0
                                                                      D=Disposal
        0    10     20    30    40      50   60    70   80   90 100




1-147        2K6-IX-09          Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP            UNENE UN0603
Unit 1 – Introduction to Project Management


                    25 NASA Projects                     (Source NASA HQ)



                    180
                    160
   Cost Overrun %




                    140
                    120
                    100
                    80
                    60
                    40
                    20
                      0
                          0          5        10         15          20     25        30
                              Study Period as % of Total Cost
1-148                         2K6-IX-09   Dr. J.M. Bennett, P.Eng., PMP          UNENE UN0603

								
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