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Hollywood Animation Technology Evaluates Lameness in Horses Radio


									                        Fall / Winter 2000
    College of Veterinary Medicine • University of Missouri-Columbia

M   E     D      I     C      A      L           R      E      V        I      E   W

                                                                       In this Issue
                                                                           in the

                                         Hollywood Animation Technology
                                          Evaluates Lameness in Horses
is published twice a year by the
College of Veterinary Medicine,
University of Missouri-Columbia

Editorial Office
W-203 Veterinary Medicine Building
University of Missouri-Columbia
Columbia, MO 65211

College of Veterinary Medicine Dean                                          M    E        D     I    C      A    L     R    E    V       I   E    W

Dr. Joe Kornegay

Associate Dean for Academic Affairs
Dr. C.B. Chastain

Editor                                                            Inside
Randy Mertens
Don Connor, Randy Mertens,
Rob Hill, Howard Wilson
                                                              Fall/Winter 2000
Sandy Whitter                                               Volume 17, Number 2                T e a c h i n g
MU Printing Services

                                                                                               H e a l i n g
(573) 884-2215
                                                                                               D i s c o v e r y
Web Page Address                                                                          Center Stage Horses      9
                                                                                                                             P e o p l e
                                                                                               Information Technology   16

                                                                                               Genetic Surgery          19   Quilting as Sport?        8

                                                        S e r v i n g

                                                                                               A l u m n i
                                                        t h e

                                                                                               a t                           P a s t
                                                        C o m m u n i t y

                                                                                               L a r g e                     P r e s e n t
                                                        New Intensive Care            13
                                                                                                                             F u t u r e
                                                                                               Dr. Vroegindewey         22
                                                        Swine Efficiency               14
                                                                                               Radio Vets               24   Message from the Dean     3
                                                        Big Dawgs, Little Dawgs       20

MU does not discriminate on the basis of race,                                                 Class Notes              27   Around the College        4
color, religion, national origin, ancestry, sex, age,
disability, or status as a disabled veteran of the
Vietnam era. For more information, call Human                                                                                Catching Up With...       28
Resource Services at (573) 882-4256 or the U.S.
Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights.
                                                                                                                             Flashback!                30
                                                               D R .    J O E      K O R N E G A Y ,        D E A N      O F    T H E     C O L L E G E       3

                      On September 1, the College of Veterinary Medicine lost a            teriology set a high standard, leading to his appointment as
                      combined 351 years of experience, as nine faculty and four           Director of Graduate Studies for the College in the 1980s.
                      staff members took advantage of an early retirement pro-                Ted Green joined our faculty in parasitology in 1980 and
                      gram offered by the University. The program is intended to           made important contributions in teaching and research. I
                      save salary dollars, as theoretically, higher-salaried individuals   suspect Ted will treasure the special relationship he had with
                      can be replaced with “up and comers” at lower cost to the            students most. He was particularly effective in undergraduate
                      University.                                                          parasitology instruction and advising, receiving awards in
                         Of course, the program has a substantial downside. How            both areas. The year 1980 was a good one for MU’s overall
                      do you replace all of that experience, especially when you           research program, as Ron McLaughlin also joined the Uni-
                      lose such a large number all at once? Let’s have a look at who       versity to direct our laboratory animal medicine program.
A Time of             we’re losing. You’ll notice that the list is essentially a “who’s
                      who” of the College of Veterinary Medicine.
                                                                                           Ron played a key role in directing the graduate program in
                                                                                           this discipline for a number of years and, in addition, held
                         To start with, the pathobiology department and our diag-          leadership positions in laboratory animal medicine at the
 Change               nostic laboratories are collectively losing seven faculty, Drs.
                      John Berg, Ted Green, Harvey Gosser, Reuel (Bob) Hook,
                                                                                           national level. And, finally, the “youngster” among the group,
                                                                                           Harvey Gosser, came to MU in 1988 as a faculty member in
                      Ron McLaughlin, Jim Thorne, and Joe Wagner and three key             pathology and as Director of the Veterinary Medical Diag-
   and                staff members, JoAnne Adams, Sylvia Bradfield, and David
                      Wendell. While the other two departments are each losing
                                                                                           nostic Laboratory. This represented another homecoming,
                                                                                           as he had received his PhD from MU in 1970. Harvey has
                      only one faculty member, they’re key people, Bob McClure             been a great ambassador for the College, interacting closely

Reflection             in Biomedical Sciences and Al Hahn in Medicine and
                      Surgery. The dean’s office, alas, was not spared, as we will lose
                                                                                           with state veterinarians and serving as President of the
                      Delores Melloway from our staff.                                        And while fewer in number, the four retiring staff have all
                         The nine faculty have held important positions in every           played important roles in the College. As the saying goes, “As
                      phase of the College’s programs, extending back to 1960,             faculty and students come and go, the staff runs the show!”
                      when Bob McClure came to MU. Bob was known as “an                    Delores Melloway has been at MU since 1963, serving in the
  Nine College
                      anatomist’s anatomist” because of his excellent grasp of the         microbiology department and ultimately becoming the Exec-
                      subject material. He also chaired the Department of                  utive Staff Assistant to the Associate Dean for Academic
                      Anatomy throughout the ’60s. Bob Hook joined the Uni-                Affairs, and, more recently, the Director of Student and
Faculty and Four      versity’s Sinclair Research Farm in 1968 and later was               Alumni Affairs. Delores has had an extremely positive impact
                      appointed to the College of Veterinary Medicine faculty. He          on our students throughout her tenure. Sylvia Bradfield has
                      played a key role in the comparative medicine program at             been with the College since 1972, filling key staff positions
Staff Opt for Early   MU, holding a faculty appointment at the School of Medi-             within the pathology department and the RADIL program.
                      cine and contributing to the Research Animal Diagnostic              She has been a steadying influence as we have progressed,
                      and Investigative Laboratory (RADIL). Joe Wagner was                 over the years, through several administrative changes. David
                      appointed to the faculty in 1969 and went on to have one of          Wendell has served in the pathology department and diag-
   Retirement         the most distinguished academic careers in the annals of the         nostic laboratory as a research laboratory technician since
                      University of Missouri. Joe chaired the Department of                1975. JoAnne Adams joined the diagnostic laboratory four
                      Pathology, founded the RADIL program, and was awarded a              years later, in 1979, as a medical technologist in clinical
                      Curator’s Professorship in 1989. At that point, only seven           pathology. Through their efforts and those of other staff, the
                      such awards had been made in the 150-year history of the             laboratory has remained at the cutting edge of diagnostic
                      University.                                                          procedures.
                         Interestingly, Al Hahn actually beat Joe and the two Bobs            Fortunately, most of these quality folks have committed to
                      to Missouri as a student. He received his DVM from MU in             continue their association with the College. They will be
                      1958, and, fortunately for us, came home to join the faculty         involved principally in teaching, where their loss would oth-
                      in 1969. Al was involved in research and clinics and also            erwise be felt most critically. As a result, we’ll have a bit of
                      somehow found time to serve in several key administrative            “breathing room,” in advance of completing recruitments
                      positions, most recently Chair of the MU Faculty Council.            for several of these positions.
                      Jim Thorne is another Missouri graduate, receiving his DVM              And, while we selfishly fret about how to fill the void their
                      in 1961. He gained valuable experience in private practice           retirement will leave, let’s celebrate the contributions these
                      and at the University of Georgia before returning to MU as a         faculty and staff have made to the College and wish them
                      faculty member in Medicine and Surgery in 1974. Jim’s inter-         well in the future. I’m sure they’ll continue to make substan-
                      ests extended from clinics to more basic research, with expert-      tial contributions in a wide range of activities. Hey, gang,
                      ise in epidemiology being at the heart of each. John Berg            while you’re at it, remember to also have some fun. You
                      was appointed to the microbiology department faculty in              deserve it!
                      1972. His research and graduate student mentorship in bac-                                                                    VMR
                                             Around                                                                                           the

CVM Part of University Plan For                         attract additional research                          of bone cancer.                      visitations on anxiety, depres-
Comprehensive Cancer Center                             funding and more efficiently                             The University hopes to           sion, fatigue, and the sense of
The MU College of Veterinary                            coordinate discoveries and                           achieve the NCI ranking by           coherence among patients
Medicine is a partner in a Uni-                         resources.                                           2005, and believes the designa-      undergoing radiation therapy
versity plan to create an                                  The plan would seek desig-                        tion will raise new money for        for cancer. “And this is just the
umbrella organization for can-                          nating the consortium as a                           research, including private          beginning of the broad collabo-
cer research.                                           Comprehensive Cancer Center                          foundations. The cancer center       ration between our veterinary
   Under the plan, University                           from the National Cancer Insti-                      is also one of the entities that     college and MU’s health sci-
resources involved in cancer                            tute. There are 36 such centers                      MU officials hope to see funded       ences center and law school.”
treatment and research, includ-                         in the country, mostly on the                        when state lawmakers decide             Both human and veterinary
ing the College’s veterinary                            west and east coasts. NCI com-                       how to divvy up the state’s $6.7     medicine are shifting “more
oncology program, will coordi-                          prehensive cancer centers con-                       billion tobacco settlement.          and more to preventative medi-
nate on funding proposals and                           duct programs in treatment,                                                               cine,” he notes. “And for the
collaborate on research. The                            prevention, and research.                            Veterinary Pet Insurance First       veterinary profession, this sig-
University’s reactor, medical                              MU is well suited for such a                      to Endow Emerging Animal             nals a significant paradigm
and nursing schools, and Ellis                          center as collaborative efforts                      Wellness Center                      shift. Our next logical step is to
Fischel Cancer Center are                               have already begun between                           The emerging Center for the          move from ‘fire engine’ medi-
among the other members of                              veterinary and human medicine                        Study of Animal Wellness at the      cine to preventing problems in
the team with Ellis Fischel serv-                       and the research reactor. One                        MU College of Veterinary Med-        the first place. For veterinari-
ing as the organization’s hub.                          such effort resulted in the                          icine got off to a sound start       ans, this involves educating
   MU officials believe the can-                         radiopharmaceutical                                  with a $250,000 grant from           clients how to make a differ-
cer research consortium will                            Quadramet that eases the pain                        Veterinary Pet Insurance, the        ence in the length and quality
                                                                                                             nation’s oldest and largest          of their pets’ lives. We’ll be cre-
Dr.Richard Meadows, clinical assistant professor of veterinary medicine and surgery and director of the MU   provider of medical insurance        ating a model program of well-
Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital’s Community Practice section, accepts two gifts from Dr.Jack Stephens   for pets.                            ness-centered veterinary
and Skeeter.Skeeter is Veterinary Pet Insurance’s top dog and chair of pet relations.                           The Center is designed to         practice and integrating well-
                                                                                                             facilitate collaborative scientific   ness concepts into the veteri-
                                                                                                             research on the mutual benefits       nary curriculum.”
                                                                                                             of the human-animal bond and            In addition to the gift to the
                                                                                                             preventative medicine.               Wellness Center, Veterinary Pet
                                                                                                                “Veterinary Pet Insurance is      Insurance and the Skeeter
                                                                                                             the first company to step up to       Foundation pledged $25,000 in
                                                                                                             the plate and provide funding,       scholarships. The scholarship
                                                                                                             and it’s doing it in a very gener-   recipient will be either a third-
                                                                                                             ous way,” says the Center’s act-     or fourth-year veterinary med-
                                                                                                             ing director, Dr. Richard            ical student who exemplifies the
                                                                                                             Meadows. “Not only is this a         human-animal bond and the
                                                                                                             giant step toward getting the        essential role veterinarians must
                                                                                                             Center up and running, but this      play within it.
                                                                                                             grant will serve as an impetus          The bond with Skeeter, a
                                                                                                             for further corporate funding.”      Miniature Pinscher, inspired
                                                                                                                He says University research-      Stephens to found the Skeeter
                                                                                                             ers such as Rebecca Johnson,         Foundation. “Skeeter may be
                                                                                                             PhD, RN, of MU’s Sinclair            small, but he’s had an enor-
                                                                                                             School of Nursing, are starting      mous impact on my life,” says
                                                                                                             by examining the effects of dog      Dr. Stephens. “As a cancer sur-
                                                                                                                               A R O U N D         T H E     C O L L E G E    5

vivor, I know first-hand the             The College currently has
                                                                                                      P            E         O            P        L        E
powerful, positive effects of the    three programs aimed at help-
human-animal bond and how it         ing disadvantaged students:                                      After Watching the College Grow Up,
can truly impact the health and      Gateways to Veterinary Medi-                                       Melloway Retires After 38 Years
well being of a human. That’s        cine, Threshold to Veterinary
                                                                                       When the letters of congratula-                clinic. In those days the entire Col-
why this endowment for the           Medicine, and Merck-Merial
                                                                                       tions and ‘thank yous’ began                   lege support staff consisted of
Center for the Study of Animal       Career Assistance Program.
                                                                                       arriving in the wake of the                    Delores and one other person who
Wellness to study and promote           Gateways to Veterinary
                                                                                       announcement that Delores Mel-                 served pathology upstairs and
the human-animal bond is a           Medicine is an exploration pro-
                                                                                       loway, Dean’s Office administra-                microbiology next door.
personal joy for me.”                gram for college students inter-
                                                                                       tive assistant, was retiring after 38              The College was small, rela-
   Skeeter and Stephens intend       ested in veterinary medicine. It
                                                                                       years at the College, they came                tively new at only 10 years old,
to return later in 2000 for the      is designed to introduce stu-
                                                                                       from current and former students,              and friendly. The rapidly growing
formal dedication of the Ani-        dents to all areas of veterinary
                                                                                       staff, faculty, and various adminis-           College seemed to need a little
mal Wellness Center.                 medicine, including diagnostics,
                                                                                       trators.                                       organization. Delores decided to
   Founded in 1980 by Dr. Jack       clinical aspects, and teaching.
                                                                                           But while the letters were                 provide some organization and
Stephens, MU DVM ’72, with           Nine students participated this
                                                                                       many, the themes were few: What                not enter the classroom.
the support of 750 independent       year.
                                                                                       will the Dean’s Office do without                   Delores’s position grew with
veterinarians, Veterinary Pet           Hands-on experience is the
                                                                                       you? You were so patient and pro-              the College. The first big change
Insurance, Anaheim, Calif., is       feature of the program that
                                                                                                               fessional.             came when the College could
the nation’s number-one med-         Gateways participant Kandis
                                                                                                               You always             afford to provide each department
ical insurance for dogs and cats.    Ingram found most beneficial. “I
                                                                                                               could help             with a secretary. Delores went
Veterinary Pet Insurance poli-       learn best from hands-on experi-
                                                                                                               me. You                with Microbiology and Dr. Harold
cies cover more than 6,400           ence and that’s what I really
                                                                                                               always had a           McDougle who was replaced later
medical treatments for accidents     enjoy about this program,” she
                                                                                                               smile.                 with Dr. George Shelton as Micro-
and illnesses, with optional cov-    said. During the program,
                                                                                                                   One fac-           biology Chair. When Dr. Shelton
erage available for preventive       Ingram’s hands-on experience
                                                                                                               ulty member            became associate dean, Delores
and routine care. Policies are       included everything from taking
                                                                                                               summed it              came back to the Dean’s Office to
licensed in all 50 states and the    blood samples from sheep to
                                                                                                               up this way:           stay through the associate dean-
District of Columbia. Exclu-         volunteering in the hospital’s                         Delores Melloway
                                                                                                               “I’ve been             ship of Dr. Ken Niemeyer. Delores
sively endorsed by the American      intensive care unit.
                                                                                       involved with the College since                was a veteran of the College when
Humane Association, Veteri-             “This exploration program is
                                                                                       1983. I’m not sure, but I think I’ve           C.B. Chastain, the current associ-
nary Pet Insurance enjoys an 82      an excellent opportunity for
                                                                                       lived through four deans and three             ate dean, graduated from the DVM
percent renewal rate and has         getting volunteer hours and an
                                                                                       department chairs. Each time one               program in 1965. In fact, Delores
issued more than one million         edge on others who are trying
                                                                                       of them left, I wondered if things             watched James Thorne, associate
policies.                   VMR      to get into veterinary medical
                                                                                       would be different with the                    professor of veterinary pathobiol-
                                     school,” said Gateways partici-
                                                                                       replacement, but I knew deep                   ogy, receive his DVM degree in
Programs Introduce Veterinary        pant Shaunita Sharpe. “The
MedicineTo Students Who May                                                            down that things would go on as                1961, start a career at the College,
                                     program shows all of the differ-
Not Have Role Models                                                                   usual. None of those changes are               and then retire this year. Ditto for
                                     ent avenues to choose from in
Last summer, the College                                                               as potentially traumatic to me or              Bonnard Moseley.
                                     the veterinary medical field.”
opened its doors to disadvan-                                                          to the College as your pending                     More than any other person,
                                        Threshold to Veterinary
taged college students from over                                                       retirement. It will be sad as well as          Delores saw the College grow.
                                     Medicine is a program that
the United States to explore the                                                       a little scary to see you leave.”              She watched the Veterinary Med-
                                     helps college students get into a
field of veterinary medicine                                                                Not a bad tribute for someone              ical Building go up across the
                                     college of veterinary medicine.
through specially-designed pro-                                                        who originally saw the College as              street from the airplane hangar.
                                     It also enables students to
grams. Students from certain                                                           a short-term job until a teaching              She was there for the ground-
                                     observe and gain experience in
ethnic groups or low economic                                                          position opened up.                            breaking ceremony for the Veteri-
                                     a current research project at
status, who are considering vet-                                                           Delores was born and raised in             nary Diagnostic Laboratory, and,
                                     MU’s College of Veterinary
erinary medicine as a career, can                                                      Columbia, and came to the College              of course, Clydesdale Hall. In
                                     Medicine. The program is
be at a disadvantage due to a                                                          of Veterinary Medicine’s Dean’s                nearly four decades of service she
                                     designed for college students
lack of sufficient role models in                                                       Office in 1960 just after marriage              has assisted almost 4/5th of the
                                     who have already attended the
the field.                                                                              and graduation from the MU Col-                entire student body.
                                     Gateways to Veterinary Medi-
   The College is making a spe-                                                        lege of Education, with only some                  Delores’ plans after the College
                                     cine program and helps stu-
cial effort to help these students                                                     practice teaching between her and              consist of a little traveling and
                                     dents prepare for the veterinary
feel at home, said Barbra A.B.                                                         her teaching certificate.                       boating in the Lake of the Ozarks.
                                     medical college entrance exam.
Horrell, director of student                                                               In that year the CVM was                   Still, there will be one last chore
                                        The Merck-Merial Career
recruitment and retention.                                                             squeezed into Connaway Hall and                this autumn of helping Dr. Everett
                                     Assistance Program is designed
“These are very bright kids;                                                           the Veterinary Science building—               (Finny) Aronson, director of stu-
                                     to enhance and enrich the
we’re just enriching what they                                                         a used aircraft hangar that served             dent and alumni affairs.        VMR
                                     future careers of veterinary
already have.”                                                                         as the small and large animal
                                     medical students from one of
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    the nation’s other 26 colleges of                College Orthopedic Technique                    meniscal material. The mate-                            animal surgeon and orthope-
    veterinary medicine. The pro-                    Makes Its Way to Human Use
                                                                                                     rial, named porcine small intes-                        dics specialist; Dr. James L.
    gram is a research and clinical                  A technique to regenerate torn                  tinal submucosa (SIS), is                               Tomlinson, associate professor
    investigation externship for stu-                meniscal material first tried at                 absorbed by the meniscus, facil-                        and orthopedics surgeon; John
    dents who are preparing for                      the MU College of Veterinary                    itating regeneration. As the                            M. Kreeger, associate professor
    post-graduate internships or                     Medicine has made its way                       meniscus has only a small                               at the Veterinary Medical Diag-
    graduate school programs.                        across the MU campus to help a                  blood supply, it has little ability                     nostic Laboratory; and Cristi
       According to Horrell, the                     man injured in an auto accident.                to repair itself. Normally, dam-                        Reeves Cook, radiology clinical
    College’s programs certainly are                    The man, rear-ended by an                    age worsens as the injured                              instructor.                 VMR

    working. “A large percentage of                  18-wheeler truck, suffered                      meniscus wears away, damag-
    the students from previous pro-                  major trauma to both shoul-                     ing cartilage, and leaving bone
    grams are now attending vet                      ders, specifically the rotator                                                                           DNA “Fingerprints” Help Trace
                                                                                                     to grind against bone.                                  Deadly E. coli Bacteria
    school or a graduate program at                  cuffs. Conventional techniques                     The first clinical use of SIS
    MU or somewhere else in the                      offered little pain relief.                     occurred about four years ago                           E. coli bacteria can be deadly.
    US,” Horrell said.                                  Using a technique first used                  at the MU College of Veteri-                            Tracking an outbreak can be as
       One of the factors that makes                 at the MU Veterinary Medical                    nary Medicine on an animal                              mind boggling as tracing an
    these programs at MU unique is                   Teaching Hospital, initial                      with an Achilles tendon injury.                         unknown criminal suspect in a
    that nearly all College faculty                  results look promising for the                  About a year ago, dogs with                             large city.
    members participate and none                     accident victim.                                knee injuries were also treated                            Evidence from fingerprints
    get paid for the extra work and                     In injuries that involve dam-                and began to show signs of                              can help police track down their
    time they contribute to their                    age to the meniscus, a spongy                   improvement only one week                               suspect. A MU College of Vet-
    pupils. The College has a diverse                material that provides a cush-                  later.                                                  erinary Medicine researcher has
    student body and six minority                    ion where two bones meet, MU                       The principal investigators                          found a way to use DNA “fin-
    faculty members. “It’s a labor of                veterinary surgeons used a                      on the project, internally                              gerprinting” to determine the
    love and a true commitment to                    technique that surgically places                funded by the College and                               source of fecal coliform
    inclusion,” Horrell said. VMR                    biomedically-modified pig                        DePuy Orthopedics, Inc., were                           microbes, such as E. coli, found
                                                     intestines against the damaged                  Drs. James (Jimi) Cook, small                           in lakes, streams, and reservoirs.
                                                                                                                                                                The test determines the origin
                                             P             E             O             P         L   E                                                       of micobial pollutants in water,
                                                                                                                                                             says Dr. C.A. Carson, MU veteri-
                                                                                                                                                             nary microbiologist. The test
                                                                         Mission Accomplished for College’s                                                  determines whether a microbial
                                                                         $10 Million Endowment Campaign:                                                     source is from human or one of a
                                                                         $17,913,603 in total impact                                                         variety of non-human sources
                                                                                                                                                             such as migratory birds, house-
                                                                    The College’s $10 million 50th Anniversary Endowment Campaign that
                                                                                                                                                             hold pets, or production animals.
                                                                    began in July 1996,ended June 30,2000 with committed campaign funds
                                                                                                                                                                The test uses enzymes to cut
                                                                    standing at $11,733,603. The four-year campaign was designed to paral-                   apart strands of DNA in bacte-
                                                                    lel the four-year journey that the first graduating class made,entering the               ria cultured from submitted
                                                                    College in 1946 and graduating in 1950. s This figure does not include                    water samples. The fragments
                                                                    the value of $2,750,000 in state matching funds committed through the                    are separated in a gel slab that
                                                                    Missouri Endowed Chairs and Professorships Program,said David Horner,                    is placed in an electric field. The
                                                                    College development officer who directed the campaign.In addition,new                     process results in DNA patterns
                                                                    bequest intentions are expected to bring the College an additional                       resembling bar codes on gro-
                                                                    $3,430,000 not counted in the campaign total,he said.Thus,the total                      cery store products. These pat-
                                                                    impact will be $17,913,603. s The leadership and major gifts portion of                  terns are as individual as
                                                                    the campaign concluded with Mrs.Thelma P. Zalk giving the College                        fingerprints and can be
                                                                    $800,000 to fund two new endowments:$550,000 to establish a profes-                      matched with fecal coliform
                                                                    sorship in tumor angiogenesis,and $250,000 to create an endowment for                    DNA from suspected hosts.
                                                                    the study of animal wellness.This amount is in addition to a $300,000 gift                  One of the first uses of the
                                                                    Mrs.Zalk presented to the College last year to establish an endowment for                new test involved water samples
                                                                    financially-needy veterinary medical students. s That new professorship                   from Long Branch Lake, near
                                                                    was one of five endowed through the campaign.The others were the Ral-                     Macon, Mo. to determine if an
                                                                    ston Purina Professor of Small Animal Nutrition,the Tom and Betty Scott                  odd taste and smell were caused
                      Mrs.Thelma Zalk of St.Louis.                                                                                                           by human, livestock, wildlife, or
                                                                    Professor of Veterinary Oncology,the E.Paige Laurie Professor of Equine
      Lameness,and the Charles and Charlene McKee Professor of Microbial Pathogenesis. s The College’s development staff continue to                         other sources.              VMR

      finalize leadership level solicitations started during the campaign.These gifts/pledges,once finalized,will be added to the endowment
      campaign totals. s The last phase of the campaign,a friends and alumni general solicitation,was begun in October.The goal of this
      campaign is to acquire 8,000 new donors with an average first gift of $50 to the College.                                 VMR

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                                                                                                                             M E S S A G EU N F DR OT M E T H E L DL EE A N                         7

Post-Doctoral Training Offered       unique capabilities to con-
in Comparative Medicine              tribute in comparative medicine
                                     research, he said. In-depth
The MU College of Veterinary         research training and experi-
Medicine is currently accepting      ence are necessary to assure
applications for post-doctoral       that these veterinary specialists
training positions in Compara-       can initiate competitive inde-
tive Medicine, the study of dis-     pendent or collaborative
eases that afflict humans and         research careers and realize
animals in the same manner.          their full potential as research
   The Comparative Medicine          leaders.
training program combines one           The University of Missouri
year of residency training in        training program in Compara-
clinical, administrative, and        tive Medicine has been in exis-
diagnostic laboratory animal         tence since 1967. Under the
medicine with two or more            direction of Dr. Joseph E. Wag-
years (dependant on degree
program) of in-depth research
                                     ner, professor of veterinary                                                          Vet Tech of the Year
                                     pathobiology, the program
training in state-of-the-art labo-   became one of the elite Compar-
ratories. The training is                                                                     Lisa Boland, senior veterinary technician at the MU Veteri-
                                     ative Medicine training pro-
designed to prepare individuals      grams in the country, Dr.                                nary Medical Teaching Hospital, earlier this year was named
for a variety of careers in com-     Franklin said. The program has                           the MU Veterinary Technician of the Year. This award, spon-
parative medicine research.          an outstanding record of trainee                         sored by the College student bookstore and selected by the
Both MS and PhD programs             productivity throughout its his-
are offered. Candidates must                                                                  senior class, is given to honor an outstanding VMTH techni-
                                     tory as evidenced by its 70 grad-
have a DVM degree.                   uates who have held important                            cian who the senior class feels has had the most impact on
   “Comparative Medicine is          positions and made significant                            their clinical experience. Boland has been employed at the
the cornerstone of advances in       contributions to Comparative                             College since October 1993 and was an animal surgical
biomedical and behavioral sci-       Medicine research.                                       technician at the Animal Sciences Center from 1983 until
ences that employ complex ani-          For more information, con-
mal models in increasingly                                                                    1993 when she took the position of senior veterinary tech-
                                     tact Dr. Franklin, at the College
sophisticated experimental par-      of Veterinary Medicine, (573)                            nician in the VMTH’s ophthalmology section. She graduated
adigms,” said Dr. Craig              882-6623 or at franklinc@mis-                            from the Animal Health Technology Program at Truman
Franklin, director of the com-                   VMR                         State University, Kirksville, in 1981.
parative medicine training pro-
gram. “Advances in
comparative medicine are
essential to improvements in                                                                            Accolades
the quality of biomedical and
                                                     Dr. Stan Casteel, associate professor of veterinary pathobi-   Dr. Marie Kerl, visiting clinical assistant professor, received the Daniels
behavioral animal experimenta-
                                                     ology, was an invited speaker at the Western Veterinary Con-   Award from the Society of Comparative Endocrinology for “excellence in
tion through characterization of
                                                     ference in Las Vegas. He presented: New Therapies for Old      advancement of knowledge concerning small animal endocrinology.”The
the complex interactions inher-                      Intoxication, Mycotoxin Problems in Small Animals, Six Thou-   award was given to Dr. Kerl for her recent publication entitled: Dose
ent in animal-based experimen-                       sand Years of Lead and Other Metals, and Case-Based Diag-      Response Relationship Between Plasma Concentrations of Adrenocorti-
tation, and through                   nostic Toxicology. He also was the invited speaker at the Solubility/         cotropic Hormone and Cortisol and Incremental Doses of Cosyntropin for
development and refinement of          Bioavailability Research Consortium sponsored by DuPont. He presented         ACTH Stimulation Testing In Dogs.
animal models and experimen-          Utility of Juvenile Swine Model for Metal Biokinetics.                                      Dr.Heide Schatten, associate professor of veterinary patho-
tal methods. It is here that vet-     Dr. Harvey Gosser, professor of pathobiology and director                                   biology, traveled to Santotini, Greece to co-chair a session at
erinarians, with their broad          of MU’s Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory,assisted in                                the 13th International Conference on Humans and Space.She
knowledge of organismal biol-         Cornell University’s accreditation.                                                         also presented:The Effects of Altered Gravity Conditions on
ogy, have a unique potential to                       Dr.Allen Hahn, professor of veterinary med-                                 Cytoskeletal Organization and Mitochondria in Cultured Cells.
                                                      icine and surgery,presided at a meeting on Vet-               She then traveled to Berlin to collaborate on the preparation of an
                                                      erinary Medical Databases at Purdue University.               international NASA grant proposal at the University of Berlin.
   Dr. Franklin said there is also                    Dr. Carolyn Henry, assistant professor of                     Dr. Richard Tsika, associate professor of veterinary biomedical
an existing need to prepare vet-                      veterinary oncology,moderated a forum at the                  sciences and biochemistry, was the invited speaker at the Basic
erinarians as leaders in compar-      annual meeting of the American College of Veterinary Inter-                   and Applied Myology Conference.
ative biomedical research. By         nal Medicine.                                                                               Dr. Wade Welshons, associate professor of veterinary bio-
virtue of their multidisciplinary                    Dr. Philip Johnson, associate professor of                                   medical sciences, was the featured speaker at a conference
background in the biology and                        veterinary medicine and surgery, chaired the                                 hosted by Johns Hopkins University’s Center in Urban Envi-
medicine of numerous animal                          session Pathophysiology and Therapeutics:Equine Gastroen-                    ronmental Health.He presented:Biological Activity of Bisphe-
species, veterinarians possess                       terology at the annual meeting of the American College of                    nol A in Mice at Levels of Current Human Exposure.
                                                     Veterinary Internal Medicine.

                                       F A L L   2 0 0 0   /   W I N T E R   2 0 0 1                 V E T E R I N A R Y   M E D I C A L   R E V I E W
8   V E T E R I N A R Y                P E O P L E

    Is the Sports Page Ready
    For Competitive Quilting?
    When not helping to discover diseases at the Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory,
    Dr. Sue Turnquist enjoys a creative outlet and success in a little-known competition

                                                        tional and consists primarily     Fair. Look-
                                                         of art-style quilts designed     ing at the
                                                         to be hung on the wall like      sewing
                                                         a painting. These art quilts     machines,
                                                                                                                                 Guess Who’s Coming
                                                          are relatively new to the       she began                                                 for Dinner?
                                                          quilting world. While tra-      to think that making quilts
                                                          ditional quilts are typically   would be a fun pastime.
                                                                                                                                       lick Trail Quilters’ Guild, of
                                                           constructed of repetitive         Entering the competitive
                                                                                                                                       which Dr. Turnquist is a mem-
                                                           blocks sewn by hand or         world of quilts only began in
                                                                                                                                       ber, has a membership of more
                                                            machine, art quilts           April with a quilt entitled
                                                                                                                                       than 200. The AQS has more
                                                            encompass a larger vari-      “Decisions, Decisions.” A fish-
                                                                                                                                       than 50,000 members and is
                                                            ety of style including pic-   eye look at whether to bite a
                                                                                                                                       one of several organizations
               Decisions, Decisions.                        torial scenes or              hook and worm or fisherman’s
                                                                                                                                       worldwide. In fact, Dr. Turn-
                                                     landscapes. In the five years         toes, the quilt won third place
                                                                                                                                       quist points out, quilting is the
                                                     that she has been making             in an AQS competition—an
    s It hasn’t arrived on ABC-                                                                                                        largest specialty group repre-
                                                     quilts, about the first dozen         almost unprecedented showing
    TV’s Wide World of Sports yet,                                                                                                     sented on the Internet.
                                                     were traditional. The remain-        for a new competitor.
    but quilting can be a competi-                                                                                                        Dr. Turnquist’s quilt style
                                                     ing 40 or so other quilts have          Competition is usually
    tive international sport. Just                                                                                                     typically incorporates thread-
                                                     been nontraditional. They vary       intense in these contests—best
    ask Sue Turnquist, DVM, PhD,                                                                                                       painted motifs. This technique
                                                     in size between under a square       of show can win $18,000 and
    clinical assistant professor, and                                                                                                  is used extensively in Australia
                                                     foot to 75 x 75-inches.              enters the permanent collection
    pathologist in the MU Veteri-                                                                                                      and some European countries,
                                                        Dr. Turnquist, who regularly      in the Museum of the Ameri-
    nary Medical Diagnostic Labo-                                                                                                      but is still in its infancy in the
                                                     peers into microscopes looking       can Quilt Society in Paducah,
    ratory.                                                                                                                            U.S. How does she design and
                                                     for microbes, didn’t discover        Kentucky.
       Recently, she designed a                                                                                                        make one? After an idea is
                                                     her creative side until she wan-        Quilting as a hobby and
    quilt that took second place in                                                                                                    chosen, she draws the image
                                                     dered into the commercial ven-       competitive sport is also larger
    the Museum of the American                                                                                                         on a paper that is then ironed
                                                     dor area of the Missouri State       than most people realize. The
    Quilter’s Society’s (AQS) Storm                                                                                                    onto a piece of fabric. Using a
    at Sea-themed “New Quilts                                                                                                          standard sewing machine, the
    From An Old Favorite” con-                                                                                                         image is outlined and then
    test. Entries were to be inspired                                                                                                  “painted” with colored rayon,
                                                                                                               Dr.Sue Turnquist        polyester, or cotton threads.
    by the classic Storm at Sea tra-                                                                           and one of her
    ditional quilt.                                                                                            quilts depicting a
                                                                                                                                       The finished motif is appliquéd
       Dr. Turnquist’s quilt “Red                                                                              country mill            to the chosen design.
    Sky at Morning, Sailor Take                                                                                theme.                     With a third and second
    Warning” was sandwiched                                                                                                            place showing, there is an
    between the first-place quilt                                                                                                       obvious next goal to achieve
    from the United Kingdom and                                                                                                        for Dr. Turnquist. That effort
    the third-place quilt from                                                                                                         will be championed this fall by
    France. There were 55 entries                                                                                                      the quilt Guess Who’s Coming
    from 26 states and five other                                                                                                       for Dinner? that features a
    countries.                                                                                                                         large Bengal tiger looking
       Most of Dr. Turnquist’s                                                                                                         through a window.          VMR

    work is considered non-tradi-

            Photos by Howard Wilson
                                                              R E S E A R C H     P R O G R A M S      9

     Hollywood Animation Technology Has Another Use—
       Scientifically Evaluating the Lameness of Horses

Center Stage Horses
          ollywood has embraced           mators use. Instead of         these techniques pass
          digital animation technol-      recasting the image into a     from the research phase,
          ogy to create dazzling spe-     cinematic character,           prospects are good that
          cial effects. Lifelike figures   researchers study the          future veterinarians will
          falling from a sinking          image and precisely meas-      have a tool that they have
          ocean liner are, in reality,    ure the movements and          wanted for centuries—a
          digital images created in a     relationships between crit-    system to objectively
          powerful computer. A dev-       ical body parts such as the    measure lameness in
          ilish space alien starts out    head, trunk, limbs, and        horses.
          as an actor being video-        joints. With data,                Heading up this
          taped. Those images and         researchers can precisely      research effort is a team
          movement are then ren-          calculate movement limi-       of MU’s equine surgeons,
          dered into a moveable           tation caused by hip dys-      led by Dr. Kevin G. Kee-
          wire-frame computer             plasia or neurological         gan, associate professor of
          model that can be manipu-       dysfunction, the effect of     equine medicine and sur-
          lated to do whatever the        medicine on polio victims,     gery, and Dr. David A.
          screenwriter can dream up.      or evaluate the effective-     Wilson, associate profes-
              This powerful hard-         ness of prosthetic devices.    sor and co-director of the
          ware and software imag-            At the MU College of        College’s teaching hospi-
          ing technology is finding        Veterinary Medicine, this      tal. Using much of the
          its way into medical uses.      technology is being used       same hardware and soft-
          Researchers are videotap-       in the ancient art of evalu-   ware of Hollywood ani-
          ing a person’s movements        ating lameness in horses.      mators, they are
          and converting the data         It is one of a few veteri-     conducting motion analy-
          into the same computer-         nary research programs in      sis studies of horses that
          ized wire-frame model           the world using this form      are accurate to one-half of
          that the Hollywood ani-         of motion analysis. When       one millimeter—precision
10     R E S E A R C H                P R O G R A M S

                                                                                 lege. During those years he                      in the same way that           evaluations have centered
                                                                                 became interested in evalu-                      mechanical engineers study     around the force plate, a
                                                                                 ating horses as intricate                        how a machine works,           device that measures the
                                                                                 machines that can be meas-                       with precise data that can     impact of the body. Results
                                                                                 ured and scientifically eval-                     be scientifically measured      of force plate evaluations
                                                                                 uated using precise and                          and repeated,” Dr. Keegan      on medical subjects are less
                                                                                 accurate mathematical and                        said.                          intuitive and therefore less
                                                                                 engineering laws.                                   That training met the       readily understandable for
                                                                                    Historically, equine vet-                     high-speed equine treadmill    the average medical profes-
                                                                                 erinarians had only subjec-                      installed in Clydesdale Hall   sional or layperson. On the
                                                                                 tive visual methods to                           in 1993. This device was       other hand, high-speed
                                                                                 evaluate lameness. Two                           purchased with the assis-      motion analysis directly
                                                                                 veterinarians watching the                       tance of a Columbia, Mo.       measures adjustments
                                                                                 same lame horse may inter-                       family, Bill and Nancy Lau-    made by the body in
                                                                                 pret differently the source                      rie and daughter Paige. The    response to pain. A lame
                                                                                 of trouble. Treatment,                           family had come to know        person or horse may con-
                                                                                 based on subjective visual                       the MU equine team             tinue to run or walk, but
                               that the team hopes will                          analysis, could also vary                        through treatment of some      may compensate by throw-
                               provide clues to better                           greatly. Dr. Keegan thought                      of their Crown Center          ing the head to one side or
                               understand the dynamics of                        that there had to be a more                      Farm horses. Told about        the other to remove weight
                               a lame horse.                                     objective, scientific way.                        the idea of a high-tech        from the painful limb.
                                                                                    This led not to veteri-                       approach to studying              “A horse trotting at a
                               A Bioengineering                                  nary school, but to the                          equine lameness, the Lau-      comfortable pace is a very
                               Background                                        engineering school and a                         ries helped purchase the       efficient machine where
                                  After graduation from                          master’s degree at the Uni-                      camera, hardware, soft-        movement is repeatable and
                               the MU College of Veteri-                         versity of Illinois where he                     ware, and image animation      symmetrical,” he continued.
                               nary Medicine in 1983, Dr.                        studied stress analysis,                         technology the College         “When the horse is afflicted
                               Keegan spent seven years in                       instrumentation, and bio-                        needed to develop an           with lameness or neurologi-
                               a surgical residency and                          mechanics. “I became                             equine performance labo-       cal dysfunction, it upsets
                               private equine practice                           interested in the idea of                        ratory. With this system,      this efficiency and symme-
                               before returning to the Col-                      analyzing how horses move                        Drs. Keegan and Wilson         try, and this can be meas-
                                                                                                                                          finally had a way to    ured. These results can be
                                                                                                                                          precisely capture      more easily extrapolated to
                                                                                                                                          and measure the        subjective visual evaluation
                                                                                                                                          movement of a run-     and are therefore more use-
                                                                                                                                          ning horse in a way    ful for teaching and training
                                                                                                                                          never before avail-    doctors and students in the
                                                                                                                                          able.                  art of lameness recogni-
                                                                                                                                             The process the     tion.”
                                                                                                                                          researchers chose to
                                                                                                                                          use is called kine-    The System
                                                                                                                                          matic motion analy-       The College’s setup to
                                                                                                                                          sis—a process          evaluate a running horse is
                                                                                                                                          different from the     not unlike that used by
                                                                                                                                          force-plate analysis   Hollywood to gather visual
                                                                                                                                          familiar to many       images to begin an anima-
                                                                                                                                          equine researchers.    tion project. Here, how-
                                                                                                                                          In this process, the   ever, it’s a horse that takes
                                                                                                                                          motion of the entire   center stage on the equine
                                                                                                                                          horse is studied.      treadmill and begins to trot
                                                                                                                                             “High-speed         or run.
                                                                                                                                          motion analysis is        A bank of strobe lights,
                                                                                                                                          relatively new even    emitting only visible red
 Placing the light reflecting elements on the horse is a precise endeavor given the image capture system’s ability to measure              to the human field      light, begin to blink at 120
 movement in increments as little as one-half of one millimeter.Researchers Drs.David Wilson and Kevin Keegan prepare a subject           of medicine,” Dr.      times per second. This red
 on the College’s equine treadmill.                                                                                                       Keegan said. “More     light reflects off dozens of
                                                                                                                                          traditional biome-     markers attached to easily
                                                                                                                                          chanical medical       recognized landmarks on
                                                                                                                              R E S E A R C H   P R O G R A M S   11

the horse such as the head,     two concepts of the utmost                degree of lameness. With
feet, joints, and trunk. Five   importance in scientific                   such a standard, more pre-
cameras, positioned             analysis. Recent develop-                 cise and consistent treat-
around the horse, record        ments in computer technol-                ment can be administered.
120 images per second of        ogy have made it possible                    The second objective is
the light reflected off each     to efficiently digest such                 to establish a method to
marker. This results in         large amounts of data in a                quickly diagnose the spe-
more than 15,000 pieces of
horse movement data per
                                way not possible before.
                                The large amounts of con-
                                                                          cific limb of the horse that
                                                                          is causing the problem.
                                                                                                                              Up to 16 specially-designed
second—almost a million         sistent data have also                    Quick diagnoses here can
pieces of data during a 60-     allowed detection of more                 mean a more effective
second trot.                    intermittent problems that                treatment sooner. These                         cameras capture the motion
   The computer animation       may be showing up only                    two objectives combined
software then goes to work      periodically, perhaps occur-              into a clinical process
and produces a wire model       ring only every third or                  would provide equine vet-                       that is later rendered on the
figure of the horse and its      fourth stride. In addition,               erinarians with a better
movement, rendered into a       recent developments in                    way to evaluate and treat
movie, based on the move-       technology have made                      their patients, as well as a                                computer.The cameras
ment of the markers.            high-speed motion analysis                better ability to accurately
Because the data are com-       much more precise and                     monitor treatment
puter generated from many
camera angles, the horse’s
                                   The resulting highly-pre-
                                                                             Some of this work has
                                                                                                                              see and emit only red light.
movements can be viewed         cise numbers are the part                 already begun. Dr. Keegan
from any direction, includ-     of the project that is                    and the equine team are
ing looking straight down       important, Dr. Keegan                     using motion analysis
on the horse.                   pointed out. “That’s what                 process to see how effective
   While the moving wire        we’re doing here, analyzing               a commonly used drug
model can reveal much           precise data in ways that                 really treats navicular dis-
about the horse’s actions to    have not been analyzed                    ease.
an observer, it is the num-     before.”                                     “Our last objective is to
bers generated by the move-        Important things to look               utilize our high-speed
ment of the markers that        for in the numbers are                    motion capture ability in
are most important. With        parameters of stride;                     combination with sophisti-
these, relationships of         ground-reaction forces;                   cated, data processing
movement between the            kinetics of the hip, knee and             computer techniques,
horse’s parts can be com-       ankle; moments of forces;                 such as neural networks,
pared, usually on a series of   and joint powers.                         expert systems, fuzzy
graphs. The graphs can             In addition to looking                 logic, etc.,” Dr. Keegan
reveal, for example, if the     for odd movement and                      said. “These complex
horse’s left rear limb moves    relationships, these charts               computation techniques
more fluidly than the right,     can also compare the                      have the ability to
if the horse alters its head    action to a previous run of               ‘learn’ and have recently
movement slightly when          the horse or to the move-                 been used as highly-accu-
one hoof touches the            ment of a “model” or                      rate decision making rules
ground, or if the horse         “perfect” horse.                          in all sorts of practical
seems to compensate for a          Dr. Keegan and other                   applications—in the insur-
painful fetlock with a          researchers can then corre-               ance industry to predict
longer stride with one limb.    late data with standard                   risk, in handwriting and
    “With a combination of      clinical techniques, such as              voice recognition analyses,
the treadmill and high-         radiographic images, to get               and recently in the medical
speed motion capture capa-      a better idea of the possible             industry to assist in com-
bility, several consecutive     mechanisms underlying the                 plex diagnoses. It is our              lameness problems even
strides can be collected        lameness problem.                         hope that this combination             further, perhaps to be able
from each patient under            There are three immedi-                of the data-rich, high-speed           to tell exactly where the
highly-controlled condi-        ate objectives to this study,             motion analysis and com-               pain is within the joint, just
tions,” Dr. Keegan said.        Dr. Keegan said. First is to              puter algorithms capable of            by analyzing motion. Only
“This translates into lots of   establish an objective                    learning may be useful to              the future and continued
data with low variability,      measurement of the horse’s                routinely narrow down                  study will tell.”      VMR

                                            F A L L   /   W I N T E R   2 0 0 0         V E T E R I N A R Y   M E D I C A L    R E V I E W
Human Uses of
Motion Analysis
In the last few years human
medicine has used motion
analysis to study gait problems
caused by orthopedic disease or
neurological dysfunction. The

military uses motion analysis for
research to prevent muscle overuse
injuries. Physical therapists use it to eval-
uate prosthetic devices and rehabilitation
             programs. Other researchers use
             the data to devise strength-train-
             ing procedures to improve the
             movement of cerebral palsy victims.
           s   Motion analysis can also be
employed to track degenerative changes caused
by congenital dysplasia of the hip. A similar pro-
gram looked at the changes in gait of polio sur-
vivors. Here, nine healthy subjects and seventeen
post-polio patients were compared. Significant increases in
the knee extension and the ankle plantar flexion of post-polio
patients were observed during the weight acceptance phases of their
gait. Polio patients also exhibited highly noticeable excessive hip flex-
ion during the swing phase of their ambulation.This caused the post-
polio patients to walk in a significantly-less-stable way.These
weaknesses in lower extremity muscles of polio patients were found
to be an important factor that affected stable ambulation. By study-

               ing the unique alterations of posture and gait caused by
                  Duchenne muscular dystrophy, an X-linked recessive
                       disease with a fatal outcome, researchers are
                            finding that motion analysis techniques can
                             help them determine ways to delay the pro-
                             gressive muscle weakness and keep the
                             patient mobile for a longer period of time.

                           Coaches have used the system to determine if ath-
                         letes are operating at their best efficiency.
                                                                                                         S E R V I N G              T H E     C O M M U N I T Y                13

                                                                                                                         One design requirement for the new ICU was to allow
                                                                                                                         teams of caregivers to treat two emergency cases

                Clydesdale’s ICU                                                                                         simultaneously.

        Is Given It’s Own Intensive Care
When plans were drawn for Clydesdale Hall’s inten- care and to accommodate the roles of a modern ICU.
sive care unit in the late 1980s, they were made                                 Dr. Tony Mann, associate professor of veterinary
according to an older concept that ICUs were an                              medicine and surgery and director of small animal
extension of the anesthesia service.                                         emergency and critical care, noted several goals: add
   During the 1990s, the                                                                                             new cages and runs for
roles and capabilities of                                                                                            larger animals; reorganize
veterinary ICUs expanded.                                                                                            cage placement so that all
Clydesdale’s ICU changed                                                                                             patients can be more easi-
with the times and institut-                                                                                         ly monitored by ICU staff,
ed the latest forms of                                                                                               closer to where it would
advanced treatment and                                                                                               store equipment needed in
patient monitoring. But as                                                                                           an emergency; and
the caseload increased                                                                                               rearrange space so that
from 9 cases per night to                                                                                            multiple clinicians, techni-
10 to the current average                                                                                            cians, and students can
of 13, the seven-year-old                                                                                            work simultaneously in
facility needed more than      Dr. Paige Langdon, small animal medicine resident (left) and Dr, Marie Kerl, visiting the ICU.
a band-aid to keep up.         clinical assistant professor (right) works with Class of 2001 student Amanda             Another new feature:
   Beginning in February       (Mandy) Spencer to aid a dog suffering from smoke inhalation.                         glassed-in cages to isolate
and ending in May this year, Clydesdale’s ICU under-                         animals that have undergone radiation and
went its own intensive care in the form of a rehab.                          chemotherapy. Now, these animals, whose compro-
Unfortunately, the location of load-bearing walls                            mised immune systems make them vulnerable to
meant there would be little additional floor space, but infectious diseases, can be isolated even though they
what was available was redesigned for better patient                         are close to other animals and caregivers.                    VMR

                                    F A L L   /   W I N T E R   2 0 0 0         V E T E R I N A R Y   M E D I C A L   R E V I E W
14   S E R V I N G   T H E   C O M M U N I T Y

                                                                         A New Field Study Shows Ways To Streamline Swine
                                                                             Production While Enhancing Labor Efficiency
                                                                               The market has been brutal to Missouri pork producers. Product prices
                                                                                have slid, and are staying, at historic lows. Worse, the rich labor market
                                                                                 in the cities has lured away many farm workers.
                                                                                     The challenge of increasing production efficiency while decreasing
                                                                                    the amount of labor to grow baby pigs to market-ready hogs was
                                                                                      undertaken last year in a field study by the Continuing Education-
                                                                                       Extension section of the MU College of Veterinary Medicine. In a
                                                                                         soon-to-be-released report, the project has identified a system
                                                                                         called “Wean to Finish” designed to streamline production while
                                                                                          making better use of human resources. An added benefit is a
                                                                                          more comfortable, happier pig who goes to market a few
                                                                                            pounds heavier than his conventionally-raised sibling.
                                                                                                 The study was funded by the National Pork Producers
                                                                                                Council and the University of Missouri’s Animal Health
                                                                                                Formula Fund. Heading the effort was Dr. Thomas Fang-
                                                                                                 man, diplomate in swine health management and com-
                                                                                                 mercial agriculture swine focus team coordinator for the
                                                                                                University’s Outreach and Extension division.
                                                                                                  “Our goal was to establish a simple and practical way to
                                                                                                  enhance the comfort of the pigs and the people who
                                                                                                      work with them,” Dr. Fangman said. “We hope to
                                                                                                        positively impact both productivity and quality of
                                                                                                         life issues to help Missouri pork producers stay
                                                                                                          competitive in a market with low producer
                                                                                                          prices and a highly-competitive labor market.”

                                                                                                               Less Stress, Happier Pigs
                                                                                                       In traditional swine agriculture, baby pigs are
                                                                                                   birthed in a farrowing house and moved to a nurs-
                                                                                                  ery. At about 10 weeks of age, they are loaded into a
                                                                                                truck for the trip to the grow-to-finish barn where
                                                                                               they will stay until marketed.
                                                                                                That movement, sometimes up to 100 miles, not only
                                                                                             confuses and scares the animals, but upsets their estab-
                                                                                           lished society. As social animals, baby pigs establish a peck-
                                                                                         ing order that is disrupted by the move. It can take a week to
                                                                                       become acquainted with new surroundings and pen mates, dur-
                                                                                    ing which time the pigs are not eating as much and not gaining as
                                                                                 much weight. Stressed, they are also more susceptible to any disease

                                         F A L L   /   W I N T E R   2 0 0 0             V E T E R I N A R Y   M E D I C A L   R E V I E W
                                                                                                                                      S S S
                                                                                                                                      M E R V IA NG GE               R              E         T Y
                                                                                                                                                                  TF H EO MC O T MH M U DN EI A N   15

                                                                                Eliminating the job of cleaning the nurs-
                                                                             ery not only saves the cost of two days’
                                                                             labor, but prevents one very nasty job. Dr.                                The Bottom Line
                                                                             Fangman said it is important for family                         Dr. Fangman and team conducted the
                                                                             farms, in particular, to do anything possi-                  test in northern Missouri using 2,000
                                                                             ble to enhance an employee or family                         barrows. Half of the group was weaned
                                                                             member’s job satisfaction to help that per-                  into a conventional nursery while the
                                                                             son stay on the farm. The elimination of
                                                                                                                                          other half went directly to the wean-to-
                                                                             the truck ride also saves a few dollars, and
                                                                                                                                          finish barn. The two facilities stood side-
                                                                             reduces the animals’ risk of injury or stress
                                                                                                                                          by-side and were maintained by the
                                                                             during transport.
                                                                                                                                          same personnel to minimize test vari-
At a visit to one of the model production sites in northern Missouri,           Skipping the nursery also creates the one
                                                                             financial disadvantage to the model. In the
                                                                                                                                          ables. All pigs were given the same feed
Dr. Fangman briefs College Dean Joe Kornegay about some of the
methods used to increase efficiency.                                          wean-to-finish barn, each baby pig enjoys a                   and water ration.
                                                                             spacious 8-sq.-ft. area compared to only                        The conventionally-raised group
                                                                             2.4-sq.-ft. in the smaller nursery. While the                reached an average market weight of
that may be lingering in the new environ-                                    additional space makes the pigs happier                      260 pounds in 192 days. The wean-to-
ment. Like people, pigs are wary of                                          through less social tension and more exer-                   finish group reached an average market
strangers and become tense until they                                        cise, and the increased airflow helps with                    weight of eight pounds more in 180
become familiar with their new friends.                                      disease prevention, the additional space                     days.
   Moving the pigs also leaves a huge mess                                   costs the producer more to maintain and                         Serum and tissue samples taken from
behind in the nursery. Contrary to popular                                   heat.                                                        both groups indicated that the wean-to-
thought, pigs prefer a sanitary environ-                                        Heating the space is an important consid-                 finish group was somewhat healthier
ment. For the next generation to grow                                        eration as baby pigs like to be toasty warm                  than their conventionally-raised kin. In
healthier and more disease free, the nursery                                 while sleeping. Accommodating the pigs in                    the conventional group, 228 pigs
needs a thorough cleaning that is one of                                     a nursery is easy as one heating lamp works                  required individual treatment in the first
the least desirable jobs on the farm. It can                                 for each smaller pen. For the larger space of                four weeks of the project, versus 171
take almost two days of hard and dirty                                       the wean-to-finish pen, zone heating is                       wean-to-finish pigs during the same
work to prepare the nursery room for the                                     employed—two 125-watt heating lamps are                      period.
next batch of weaned pigs.                                                   placed over a soft rubber mat that the pigs                     Dr. Fangman said it is difficult to put an
   Under the model studied last year in                                      naturally use as their sleeping area.                        estimated savings on the new techniques
northern Missouri, baby pigs skip the nurs-                                     In the center of each pen is the continu-
                                                                                                                                          as the results would vary from operation
ery and go to a wean-to-finish barn—a                                         ous feeding and watering device. The
conventional grow-to-finish barn with a
                                                                                                                                          to operation. Still, the results indicate there
                                                                             device is automatic, so it saves a bit on
few modifications. Here, the pigs live and                                                                                                 are practical ways to increase productivity
                                                                             labor. As the labor market becomes even
grow until they are ready for market.                                                                                                     and yield—important considerations for
                                                                             tighter, Dr. Fangman said, any labor sav-
                                                                             ings will become increasingly important.
                                                                                                                                          pork producers who have been stressed
                                                                                                                                          themselves in today’s brutal market.

                                                                        Rollins Society Inducts Three Vet Med Students
                                                                        Sean Byrd, Wanda Gordon, and Steven Root, all College of Veterinary Medicine Class of
                                                                        2000, were accepted earlier this year into the Rollins Society, a MU organization designed to
                                                                        recognize outstanding professional school students who contribute to university extracurricu-
                                                                        lar activities.
                                                                           The three join a number of College of Veterinary Medicine students so honored. Last year,
                                                                        Nathan Voris and Kelly Rosenkranz of the Class of 1999 were accepted into the society. In
                                                                        1998, Mary Lynn Higginbotham and John Peacock were accepted. In 1997, Melissa Brook-
                                                                        shire, Robert Espey, Denise Schnitker, and Erik Siebel-Spath joined the organization. The first
                                                                        veterinary medical school student named to the society was Melissa “Missy” Dollar, Class of
                                                                           The Rollins Society, founded in 1994, was named for James Rollins. As a member of the
                                                                        of the 1839 Missouri Legislature, he helped pass legislation that established the University of
                                                                        Missouri and also played a role in the selection of Columbia for its location. In 1872, the
                                                                        MU Board of Curators recognized Rollins as the Father of the University of Missouri.
Steven Root,Wanda Gordon, and Sean Byrd, all College of                    In accord with Rollins’ efforts, the Rollins Society is designed to foster the value he placed
Veterinary Medicine Class of 2000, were accepted into the Rollins       on community and leadership.          VMR

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16       V E T E R I N A R Y                   E D U C A T I O N

                                                                                                                                                              It’s impossible to avoid the computer.

                                                                                                                                                              Few people live a day without using an

                                                                                                                                                              ATM, grocery store scanner, or the Internet.

                                                                                                                                                              The computer, with its immediate ability to

                                                                                                                                                              access and use vast amounts of data from

                                                                                                                                                              anywhere in the world, has also dramati-

                                                                                                                                                              cally impacted education. How about the

                                                                                                                                                              ancient art of veterinary medicine?

 Some of the members of the College’s Information Technology Team: John (Zarchary) March, clinical instructor; Don Connor, College artist; and
 Dr. Gary Allen, assistant professor of veterinary pathobiology and director of information technology at the CVM.

Computers and the Veterinary Medical Classroom
                                                                                                                                                              At the MU College of Veterinary
                                                                                                                                                              Medicine, computers live in virtually every
                                                                                                                                                              nook and cranny. Each office has one, as
                                                                                                                                                              does every rounds room, lounge, and stu-
                                                                                                                                                              dent gathering point. Everyone is con-
                                                                                                                                                              nected through e-mail. Each classroom is
                                                                                                                                                              set up for computer-generated presenta-
                                                                                                                                                              tions, and computer labs are available 24
                                                                                                                                                              hours a day. And there are central servers,
                                                                                                                                                              with a team of people to run them, con-
                                                                                                                                                              necting everything.
                                                                                                                                                                 But, while the machines are everywhere,
                                                                                                                                                              the fundamentals of delivering a quality
                                                                                                                                                              veterinary medical education haven’t
                                                                                                                                                              changed. Students still memorize anatomy,
                                                                                                                                                              attend lectures, view slides, ask questions,
                                                                                                                                                              and read books and journal articles. The
                                                                                                                                                              computer’s role is what it does best: find,
                                                                                                                                                              access, use, and share information quickly
                                                                                                                                                              and efficiently. This means professors can
                                                                                                                                                              introduce more information faster, pack-
                                                                                                                                                              age it in a more logical way, add movies
                                        The Machine isn’t replacing                                                                                           and sounds, and organize everything to do
                                                                                                                                                              more in the limited time of an instruc-
                                            traditional education—                                                                                            tional period.
                                                                                                                                                                 The challenge to put technology in the
                            it’s just helping through the College’s                                                                                           toolkit of College educators has fallen on
                                                                                                                                                              the College’s Information Technology unit.
                                                                                                                                                              In its first year of formal existence, the
                                    Information Technology Team                                                                                               unit has already helped shape the College’s
                                                                                                                                                              technology use.
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Changes in Vet Med Education                                                                                    When prompted, the student can click the
   Probably the most noticeable change, to                                                                      computer’s mouse on areas of the radi-
a graduate before the computer age, is the                                                                      ograph thought to contain a lesion. Imme-
traditional lecture. Chalk and blackboard                                                                       diately, a pop up text box tells the student
have been replaced by computer-generated                                                                        if the choice was right or wrong, and any
presentations that, to the uninitiated, look                                                                    additional information that the instructor
like slide shows. But, in addition to illus-                                                                    thinks necessary. The program can also
trative still photos, the instructor can also                                                                   keep score and let the student know if his
add written key concepts, sounds, movies,                                                                       or her work is adequate.
graphs, and animations, said Zac March,                                                                            “This is not a radically-different method
clinical instructor and coordinator of edu-                                                                     of education, but another tool for the
                                                            Current College Courses
cational technology. March heads the                              Assisted by                                   instructor to make delivery of the material
effort to help teachers use technology.               The Informational Technology Team                         faster and more efficient,” March said.
   Each tool gives the instructor another                                                                          These techniques naturally lend them-
opportunity to communicate material,                           Veterinary Microscopic Anatomy                   selves to testing. In addition to electroni-
March said. For example, a surgical or                                CNS Pharmacology                          cally-scored multiple choice questions,
endoscopic procedure, how a horse                                                                               students can be evaluated through their
                                                                    Veterinary Toxicology
exhibits lameness, or an epileptic seizure                                                                      responses to movies, animations, and
may best be shown with a short movie.                              Veterinary Immunology                        other graphics. This creates, March said, a
The progress of a disease could be shown                              Veterinary Virology                       more authentic testing environment that
with a series of still photos.                            Veterinary Epidemiology and Biostatistics             also reiterates important concepts and
   Enhancing a lecture with appropriate                            Veterinary Parasitology                      knowledge. Tests can be scored automati-
visuals and sounds has several advantages.                                                                      cally, allowing the instructor to focus on
Presenting the information in several ways
                                                               Preventive Veterinary Medicine,                  teaching instead of grading. Results can
                                                                  Zoonoses and Food Safety                      also be statistically evaluated, letting the
increases the likelihood that one will com-
municate to the student’s strongest learn-                Veterinary Systemic and Special Pathology             instructor know if certain questions were
ing style. Most people are visual learners,                      Veterinary Clinical Pathology                  too easy or hard. Computer-administered
March said. With visuals, you’ll communi-                        Companion Animal Medicine                      tests also have the ability to provide imme-
cate faster, with greater understanding,                                                                        diate feedback through e-mail to the test
                                                                    Small Animal Surgery
and with more accuracy by showing rather                                                                        taker. Online testing at the College is not
than telling.
                                                                       Equine Medicine                          coming too soon. This year the veterinary
   Computer presentations also mean a lec-                                                                      national board exams will be given online.
ture is not limited to a specific classroom       ing students a better chance of achieving                      “By exposing students to this new testing
at a specific time. Students can access lec-      their highest degree of understanding.                         paradigm, we feel we are preparing them
ture materials before class for clues to key     Busy vet students can better tailor their                      for success with the national boards,”
points and the context of what is to be          schedules around course material available                     March said.
learned. Students who miss a class have a        at any time.
way to catch up. Students struggling with           The old textbook, too, has been                             Learners as Researchers and Teachers
a concept can repeat the material until          updated. Faculty at the MU College of                             Technology also enhances an ancient
understanding is reached. Some instructors       Veterinary Medicine have been given per-                       concept of teaching by asking learners to
have gone that next step by building a           mission to electronically publish, within                      research a subject and deliver a presenta-
course website where the entire semester’s       the College’s network, an immunology                           tion to the class. Before technology, this
curriculum is accessible. Here, high-qual-       book that students can read online or                          method resulted in either a written paper
ity, WWW-based course materials, join lec-       print interesting pages. Hyperlinks, elec-                     or student lecture.
ture notes and visuals. A course on              tronic pointers that move the computer to                         Last year, a CVM student studied the lat-
medical ethics, for example, can be hyper-       another document or program, are pro-                          est data on equine lameness, specifically
linked to the latest information at the          vided at key concepts so students can                          navicular disease. As he gathered results,
American Veterinary Medical Association.         access other data or web pages. Keywords                       he chose from a wide array of options to
   Last year, there were only a handful of       can be clicked to reveal their definitions.                     communicate what he found. Where text
web courses at the MU College of Veteri-         This technique transforms the old-fash-                        best communicated a concept, the written
nary Medicine. This year there are about         ioned textbook into a sophisticated                            word or graphs were used. Visual proce-
15. March estimates that number may              resource where students with diverse                           dures were presented with photos, movies,
triple in another year, a trend supported        expectations can quickly find and access                        CT scans, or radiographs. Audio interviews
by student demand.                               information important to them.                                 with recognized practitioners could have
   Humans learn at different rates, March           This interactivity with immediate feed-                     been added. When done, all was bundled
pointed out. Classroom lectures paced to         back is a powerful educational tool,                           into an interactive presentation on a $2
the majority of the class may leave quick        March said. Another example is how stu-                        CD-ROM where viewers could click but-
students bored and slower students con-          dents are taught to identify radiographic                      tons to navigate through the information.
fused. Supplemental computer material            lesions. Here, the student opens a com-                           March points out that this technique
can be studied at an individual pace, giv-       puter program showing the radiograph.                          allows people to be creative in how they
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18   V E T E R I N A R Y     E D U C A T I O N

     Computers in the Veterinary                          Help For Instructors the SWAT Team
     Classroom...from page 16                                Technological growth, and its educa-
                                                          tional implications, can stagger the minds
     explain difficult concepts to audiences               of instructors trying to keep pace with
     with varying degrees of understanding.               advances in their subject area. To help get
        “Veterinary medicine needs team players           teachers started with educationally-sound
     who know how to communicate in many                  technology, the College has created the
     different ways,” says Dr. Gary Allen, a fac-         SWAT team-Student Wizards Assisting
     ulty member in veterinary pathobiology               Teaching. Here, six tech-savvy students
     and Director of the CVM Information                  help instructors augment their curriculum
     Technology unit. “Collaborative projects             through technology. Funded by an USDA
     help students to work with people of dif-            grant, SWAT team members are usually
     ferent backgrounds, talents, and tempera-            pre-vet students—an added bonus in
     ments.”                                              exposing future DVM candidates to their
        Such assignments also help teach stu-             career choice.
     dents critical thinking skills. “Just because           The more sophisticated work occurs in a
     it is on a web page doesn’t mean that it is          multimedia lab next to the College library.
     credible or accurate,” March said. “Stu-             Here, students and instructors use soft-
     dents need to evaluate the content of                ware/hardware to create animations and
     sources for applicability and authenticity.          digitize images or capture, edit, and digi-
     A good-looking website doesn’t necessarily           tize VHS video. The lab also offers the
     mean the information in it is relevant,              ability to communicate data through web
     unbiased, or accurate.”                              pages or CD-ROM. Across the hallway is
        Both Dr. Allen and March point out                the main computer lab with 36 computers.
     there is an explosion of data worldwide              A help desk is close by.
     that no one can memorize. Skills to obtain              Professors are involved as much as they
     information effectively, and then quickly            wish in the technical parts. Some drop off                          Dr. Joe Kornegay in his laboratory at Dalton
     utilize it, are more important today than            scribbled pencil notes on legal pads while                          Cardiovascular Research Center.
     the days when a small library could essen-           their more adventuresome colleagues dig
     tially contain all that was known about              into the software with guidance from the
     veterinary medicine.
        Knowledge of this technology is good in
     its own right as today’s graduates will live
     in a world where instant, worldwide
                                                          SWAT team. A College artist and multi-
                                                          media specialist/photographer are also
                                                          available to polish the presentation or
                                                          modify an imperfect image.
     research, consultation, and client interac-              All electronic courses are reviewed and
     tion will be commonplace. Also, practi-
     tioners in rural areas will have as much
     access to the latest information as their
     big-city counterparts.
                                                          approved by faculty before implementa-
                                                          tion to assure accuracy, effectiveness, and
                                                          quality. Courses are then loaded onto the
                                                          College’s server where they’re made avail-
        “These are the tools of the new knowl-            able to any computer in the CVM.
     edge-based economy,” Dr. Allen said.
     “People who know how to use them effi-
     ciently will have an advantage over those
                                                             Testing security is tight and usage is
                                                          closely monitored. The system is capable
                                                          of limiting students’ access and time allo-
                                                                                                                             Defect in Dog
     who don’t.”                                          cated for exams, March said. The server
        These tools are scattered around the Col-         tracks students as they complete assign-
     lege and the Veterinary Medical Teaching
     Hospital, and students use them routinely.
     “The technological tools exist today to dra-
                                                          ments, scores the tests, and communicates
                                                          information or grades via e-mail. Security
                                                          is maintained through a multi-layer system
                                                                                                                             May Shed
     matically change our concept of educa-               with password protection to keep the

                                                                                                                             Light on
     tion,” Dr. Allen said. “Imagine a world              unauthorized out.
     where a lecture given by a renown expert in             In all, there are 15 members of the Col-
     a university classroom in Europe is shared           lege’s Information Technology unit to
     via the Internet with a classroom here at the        assist the more than 600 faculty, staff, and
     College. The rounds in our Veterinary Med-           student users.                          VMR

                                                                                                                             Possible Cure
     ical Teaching Hospital can be shared
     through video and audio links with other
     institutions where anyone can watch, ask
     questions, and participate in the discus-

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                                  immune responses and, so                     East Wales Institute (in Great                cleotide, directly into a shin
                                  far, hasn’t shown long-lasting               Britain), where research team                 muscle of a 6-week-old golden
                                  benefits in animal studies in                 member Dr. Glenn Morris                       retriever with a genetic defect
                                  muscular dystrophy.                          also does neuromuscular dis-                  that leads to Duchenne mus-
                                     “This pioneering work rep-                ease research.                                cular dystrophy in dogs.
                                  resents a new era of hope, a                    When asked how long the                    Eleven months later, the
                                  promising area of investiga-                 genetic correction could be                   injected muscle continued to
                                  tion that ultimately could                   expected to last, Dr. Korne-                  show a significant amount of
                                  lead to treatments for hun-                  gay said, “Theoretically, it                  normal dystrophin, the pro-
                                  dreds of genetic diseases,”                  would be permanent.” The                      tein missing or seriously
                                  said Dr. Leon I. Charash,                    body, he said, doesn’t appear                 flawed in Duchenne muscular
                                  chairman of the MDA Med-                     to mount an immune                            dystrophy.
                                  ical Advisory Committee.                     response to genes corrected                      “It potentially avoids some
                                  “Much more needs to be                       this way, and, once the gene                  of the complications of gene
                                  learned about this innovative                is corrected in a cell, that                  therapy that have been seen
                                  approach that’s now been                     cell’s progeny will inherit the               recently with the adenovirus
 College of Veterinary Medicine   used to repair individual                    correction. (When a gene is                   [virus used to deliver large
                                  muscles in dog and mouse                     added, the new gene can be                    genes like dystrophin to
                                  models for muscular dystro-                  diluted out when cells                        cells],” Dr. Kornegay said.
 is part of International         phy. But the idea of stimulat-               divide.)                                         Dr. Kornegay also noted,
                                  ing genetic repair without                      Team leader Dr. Richard                    “The greatest challenge is
                                  causing an immune response                   Bartlett, a molecular biologist               that we’re still only at the
 Scientific Team Conducting        is provocative, indeed.”                     affiliated with MU’s College                   individual muscle level. It’s
                                     Duchenne muscular dys-                    of Veterinary Medicine and                    not correcting the genetic
                                  trophy is the most common                    the National Institutes of                    defect in a generalized
 “Genetic Surgery” Studies
                                  childhood form of muscular                   Health, described the tech-                   sense.” For that, he said, “a
                                  dystrophy. It affects males                  nique as “genetic surgery” to                 systemic method of delivery
Two researchers with the MU       almost exclusively and results               correct an existing gene                      will probably have to be
College of Veterinary Medi-       from a mutation in the gene                  mutation using a synthetic                    found.”
cine were among a team of         for the muscle protein dys-                  oligonucleotide [a short                         Both scientists said the
American and British univer-      trophin. Approximately one                   strand of nucleic acid].                      genetic mutation in the dog is
sity researchers who recently     in 3,500 male babies is born                    “The oligonucleotide tar-                  a type called a point muta-
published a new approach to       with mutations in this gene,                 gets the mutation in the dys-                 tion, a genetic “typo” that
achieve long-term repair of a     which was first identified by                  trophin gene and pairs with                   doesn’t involve missing DNA.
genetic defect that causes        MDA-funded scientists in                     the chromosome, creating a                    This type of defect, they say,
Duchenne muscular dystro-         1986. The disease causes pro-                hybrid molecule that is recog-                represents a small percentage
phy, the Muscular Dystrophy       gressive loss of muscle func-                nized by DNA repair                           of the mutations that affect
Association (MDA)                 tion during childhood and                    enzymes which correct the                     humans with the disease.
announced this summer.            adolescence, and usually                     mutation based on the                            However, the strategy, once
   The strategy used by the       results in death by the 20’s                 sequence defined by the                        perfected, might be expanded
scientific team, whose results     from respiratory and cardiac                 oligonucleotide,” Dr. Bartlett                to help in treating patients
were reported in the June         muscle degeneration.                         said. No other gene therapy                   with diseases caused by
issue of Nature Biotechnol-          The new technique,                        has lasted this long, he                      genetic deletions (where a
ogy and presented at the          according to Dr. Joe Korne-                  explained.                                    piece of DNA is missing from
American Society of Gene          gay, dean of the MU College                     “This is permanent. The                    a gene). Bartlett underscored
Therapy Meeting in Denver         of Veterinary Medicine and a                 other thing is that these                     this point by explaining that
attended by some 4,000 sci-       veterinary neurologist and                   oligonucleotides are not                      the dogs in his study have
entists from around the           pathologist, “relies upon an                 immunogenic. If we chroni-                    muscular dystrophy because
globe, differs from previous      innate system that the body                  cally treat, keep putting more                a portion of the normal mes-
gene therapy experiments. It      has to correct genetic lesions               and more in, it could have an                 senger RNA for dystrophin is
focuses on repairing an exist-    [mutations].”                                additive effect and you could                 omitted, not unlike the omis-
ing gene, rather than insert-        Dr. Kornegay was part of a                get more and more repair.”                    sion typically found in
ing a new gene. Inserting new     team that also included scien-                  The researchers injected the               humans affected by
genes into muscles generally      tists from the University of                 oligonucleotide “patch kit,” a                Duchenne muscular dystro-
requires the use of viruses,      Miami, Ohio State University                 paper-clip-shaped molecule                    phy caused by genetic dele-
can provoke unwanted              in Columbus, and the North                   called a chimeric oligonu-                    tions.               VMR

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20    S E R V I N G   T H E    C O M M U N I T Y

                                                           one vet student has a class, the other stu-                                 be any adult over age 18 who will act as a
       Big Brothers, Big Sisters                           dents pitch in.                                                             friend and role model to a child.
                                                              This new program, officially sanctioned                                      Positive role models have never been

      S     am Lane, class of 2002, had a prob-
            lem. He wanted to establish a MU
            College of Veterinary Medicine Big
      Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS) program to
      help area single-parent kids. The need was
                                                           by the national organization, took on a
                                                           unique name, too: Big Dawgs, Little
                                                           Dawgs. Founding members Lane; Andrea
                                                           Hambach, class of 2002; Stacey Lubin,
                                                           class of 2003; and Stacey Meyer, class of
                                                                                                                                       more important than today, Lane pointed
                                                                                                                                       out. Many area streets have drug dealers
                                                                                                                                       who will pretend to care about a kid in
                                                                                                                                       exchange for a sale. Even once-safe venues
                                                                                                                                       such as television and movies can sometimes
      certainly there. Like any other community,           2003; started the program earlier this year                                 tout a destructive lifestyle. A positive and
      mid-Missouri has several hundred kids                working with eight other volunteer vet stu-                                 caring adult role model can play a pivotal
      needing assistance and not enough adult              dents and a dozen kids aged 9-12.                                           role in helping young people negotiate
      volunteers to go around.                                “Our kids are not necessarily from poor                                  around these hazards. “All kids benefit from
         The problem was the crushing schedule             backgrounds, but from single-parent                                         having a mentor in their life,” Lane said.
      of a veterinary medical student. With                homes with a working parent who may not
      studying, classes, and clinics, it was diffi-         have sufficient time to nurture and guide                                    Big Brothers, Big Sisters
      cult to make the commitment of a typical             the kids. They are typically ‘in need’ of                                      The concept that led to BBBS started in
      BBBS program—one adult working with                  someone, a mentor, to help increase their                                   1904. In 1945, Big Brothers of America
      one child for several hours, two to four             self-confidence, motivation, and better                                      was formally established in Philadelphia,
      times a month, for at least a year.                  their lives with a gift of time,” Lane said.                                and was chartered by Congress in 1958. In
         Lane’s solution was to slightly modify            All children involved in the program have                                   1970, Big Sisters International was incorpo-
      the typical program to fit into a vet stu-            expressed an interest in having a role                                      rated. The two groups merged to become
      dent’s hectic schedule. Here, a team of MU           model and voluntarily participate. A “Big,”                                 Big Brothers Big Sisters of America in 1977.
      vet students work with a group of kids. If           as the volunteers are sometimes called, can                                    Since 1904, BBBS has matched millions

                                                                 LITTLE DAWGS
                                                                 A big day for the Big Dawgs, Little
                                                                 Dawgs: a trip to the St. Louis Zoo.

        Vet College Students
        Help Area Kids With
     Time Left For An Education

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of children through one-to-one, profession-       have self-funded their program with addi-                                   The Impact of ‘Bigs’
all- supported relationships with caring          tional financial help from the Dean’s office.                  In 1992 and 1993, 959 boys and girls in eight states, ages
adult volunteer mentors. Research shows           The local BBBS helps with coordination                       10 through 16, entered into an experiment.Half the
that children with Big Brothers or Big Sis-       assistance.                                                  children were matched with a Big Brother or Big Sister,
ters are less likely to use drugs and alcohol,                                                                 while the other half were assigned to a waiting list, or
skip school, and exhibit violent behavior.        Having Fun
                                                                                                               control group.On average, the matched children met
   Currently, there are 514 BBBS chapters            What activities do Big Dawgs, Little                      with their Big Brothers or Big Sisters about three times a
operated under a uniform set of standards,        Dawgs become involved with? In short, fun                    month for at least a year.
procedures, and training programs—seven           ones.                                                           And the results? Researchers found that 18 months
are in Missouri. The Columbia chapter                “On a Saturday or Sunday we’ll go roller                  later, the Little Brothers and Little Sisters were:
assists with the MU CVM effort. Currently         skating, visit the library or the College of
in Kansas City, there are over 500 volun-         Veterinary Medicine Open House, go bowl-                         • 46 percent less likely to begin using illegal drugs
teers matched with area children with as          ing, or see the circus. Anything will do that                    • 27 percent less likely to begin using alcohol
many as 8,600 more children in need of            promotes interaction. Kids need an older                         • 53 percent less likely to skip school, and 37 percent
services.                                         role model, someone in addition to parents                         less likely to skip a class
   BBBS receives about 20 percent of its          and friends, who can share life experiences
                                                                                                                   • More confident of their performance in schoolwork
operating income from the United Way and          and help guide them in the right direction,”
the rest from private donations. Bigs are         Lane said. “It is the gift of time and support                   • Less likely to hit someone, and get along better
financially responsible for the cost of the        that is the most valuable thing you can give                       with their families
activity—the organization urges that low-         any child.”
cost activities be chosen such as bicyling,          Other typical activities include playing
volleyball, or going to museums.                  sports, seeing movies, cooking, going over
   So far, the veterinary medical students        schoolwork, visiting museums, washing the                 The Impact
                                                  car, taking walks, volunteering in their                     The MU CVM program is too new to
                                                  communities, or just hanging out. Each                    see any dramatic results, yet. The parent
                                                  month a special event, like going to the St.              organization has commissioned studies,
                                                  Louis Zoo, is planned.                                    however, that show that intervention by a
                                                     “Animals are always an exciting thing to               caring adult—someone to confide in, relax
                                                  kids,” Lane said. “It’s a great teaching tool             with, and look up to—can have powerful
                                                  in teaching responsibility.                               results with children. Kids involved with a
                                                     “When kids are working with animals                    mentor do better in school and at home,
                                                  there is an excitement and chance to expe-                and largely avoid violence and substance
                                                  rience something that many of them had                    abuse.
                                                  never had before—petting a cow, having a                     But there are inklings of the future in
                                                  photo of them taken with a python                         Columbia. In the first five months of the
                                                  wrapped around their neck, or feeding a                   MU CVM program, the program has
                                                  goat,” Lane said. “A lot of kids, who may                 proven a big hit and the kids who love
                                                  have trouble expressing themselves, find it                being with the vet med students. There’s
                                                  easy to relate to the animals, and that’s                 seldom an empty seat at a Big Dawgs, Lit-
                                                  sometimes a good start.”                                  tle Dawgs event.
                                                     Just hearing the exciting stories of chal-                “The kids keep asking us if we will start
                                                  lenges met and won by a veterinary med-                   a larger Big Brothers Big Sisters program so
                                                  ical student is enough to emphasize the                   they can spend more time with us one on
                                                  importance of going to college, without                   one,” Lane said. “With our educational
                                                  ever sounding preachy.                                    time constraints, we haven’t yet found a
                                                     “Volunteers enter into the life of a                   way to make those time commitments.”
                                                  young person at a pivotal time when even                     Still, Lane pointed out, the College’s
                                                  small changes in behavior, or choices made,               program is in its infancy and the group is
                                                  can change the course of that young per-                  seeing what works and what doesn’t.
                                                  son’s future,” said Thomas M. McKenna,                    Three veterinary medical students have
                                                  Big Brothers Big Sisters Association                      taken the next step by becoming involved
                                                  national executive director.                              one-on-one in a typical Big Brothers Big
                                                     This was not Lane’s first effort to help                Sisters program.
                                                  kids. Before veterinary medical school, he                   In the meantime, the emphasis is on hav-
                                                  worked for three years at a St. Louis agency              ing fun being either a Big Dawg or Little
                                                  with youths at risk for drug abuse and                    Dawg.                                 VMR

                                                  dropping out. He later helped run summer
                                                  camps for St. Louis high school students.
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                                                                                                     In the remote villages where military veterinarians are most needed, far away from filling stations and convenience stores,
                                                                                                     local transport is often the best way to get around.Here, Dr.Vroegindewey arrives for work in an Ecuadorian village.

         Dr.Robert Lane, MU DVM ’71, assists with the health needs of cattle in Equador in a         The ancient art of cattle wrangling of the American West still lives in Guatemala, with assistance from Dr.Steven Kleiboeker,
         U.S.“nation-building” mission.                                                              MU DVM ’89.

       A New Challenge for Dr. Vroegindewey
                             After 21 Years of Successful Practice in Missouri, A New Mission Trades Scrubs for an Army Uniform

                What do you do when you                                          That new challenge began to emerge in                                      Mo. firm, to go on active duty with the
                achieve your life's goals? Gary                               one of the many other projects that Dr.                                       Veterinary Corps and the new challenge.
                Vroegindewey, DVM ’78, was                                    Vroegindewey had become involved with                                         Today, Col. Vroegindewey is the second-in-
                asking himself that question in                               over the years—the U.S. Army Veterinary                                       command of the Veterinary Corps, the
                the mid-1990s.                                                Corps. Veterinary Corps Reserve Units                                         Assistant Chief, and has a pivotal role in
                   Like any other new DVM on                                  were evolving from a once-a-year-deploy-                                      making its missions successful.
                graduation day, his goals were                                ment and a few weekends' drill to a critical
                lofty: own and operate a chain of                             element in a new national strategic policy                                    The First Goals
                veterinary medical clinics in mid-                            of working with developing nations to                                            Graduating from the MU College of Vet-
                Missouri to help animals and                                  strengthen their economies and develop                                        erinary Medicine in 1978, Dr. Vroegin-
     their owners through excellent service. In                               political stability. With this, it is hoped,                                  dewey's first job was with Columbia’s
     ten years he had achieved his goal.                                      these countries will pose less of a potential                                 Rolling Hills Veterinary Clinic. In under
       In the course of achieving this goal, Dr.                              military threat. Talk about a challenge.                                      two years, he was a partner, and two years
     Vroegindewey and his wife Linda also                                        After all the necessary deliberation                                       after that, he purchased the practice out-
     achieved the fruits of the good life, but the                            required to leave a comfortable life and                                      right. Later, a Hallsville, Mo. practice and
     challenge of establishing a difficult goal and                            established businesses, Dr. Vroegindewey                                      another clinic joined the group. Another
     doing what it took to make it happen was                                 took a three-year leave of absence from his                                   addition came quickly: an equine medical
     missing. It was time for something new.                                  practice, with Linda selling her Columbia,                                    practice with Dr. Robert Foss, DVM ’81

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                                                                                                                                                A L U M N I   A T    L A R G E       23

and Dr. Tom Rose, DVM ’88,                                                                                                                      yield a $5 increase in milk pro-
now the managing partner. Fur-                                                                                                                  duction.
ther expansion included an out-                                                                                                                    Another example: The Army
patient clinic, and the addition                                                                                                                Vet Corps performed emergency
of endoscopy, ultrasound, lab                                                                                                                   vaccinations in the Philippines
testing, and other services.                                                                                                                    after an outbreak of rabies that
Soon, Dr. Vroegindewey was                                                                                                                      killed 14 people. After the Army's
leading a team of seven veteri-                                                                                                                 arrival, only one additional death
narians in a highly-respected                                                                                                                   was counted. Dr. Vroegindewey
mid-Missouri practice.                                                                                                                          observed that there is learning on
   Military service for Dr.                                                                                                                     both sides of these missions. The
Vroegindewey began when he                                                                                                                      scrawny black and brown pigs of
was still a MU undergrad. He          An important mission of the Veterinary Corps is education.Dr.Vroegindewey addresses his fellow            the Caribbean look poor in com-
                                      veterinarians and animal owners in Ecuador.
joined the Missouri National                                                                                                                    parison to fat American pigs,
Guard as a combat medic with the rank of                 make things happen.                                                        until you realize that the muscular animals
private. Upon his DVM graduation, he was                    In these missions, American soldiers are                                may have to sometimes walk 10 miles to
commissioned as a reserve officer in the                  often greeted by hostility or indifference by                              market.
Veterinary Corps.                                        the people receiving the help. "Foreign"                                      Dr. Vroegindewey and team make these
   Life was fairly predictable in the veteri-            troops, no matter how helpful, can be seen                                 visits at the request of the host government.
nary corps in those days. Military vets                  as a cultural or military threat. Almost                                   So far, he has been overseas 15 times.
watched over the health of service animals               always, however, the veterinary part of this                                  Typically, veterinary medical teams con-
of the military and various federal agencies.            mission is welcomed for its immediately-                                   sist of three to 12 people who are deployed
The service also ensured safety of food                  positive impact on the population, Dr.                                     for about three weeks. Army teams have
eaten on military bases. As with all                     Vroegindewey said.                                                         responded to people in devastation after
reservists, Dr. Vroegindewey sandwiched in                  Military veterinarians are viewed as a                                  hurricanes, or administered common dog
unit training and stateside veterinary med-              precious resource as many of these devel-                                  and cat vaccinations in poor rural coun-
ical support when he wasn't running his                  oping nations still depend heavily on ani-                                 tries. "In some developing countries, our
practices.                                               mals for their livelihoods. Military                                       visits are the biggest event in ten years, and
   In 1988, things began to change and the               veterinarians bring rare skills and services                               the people come pouring out to watch,"
Veterinary Corps was given its dramati-                  that are immediately understandable and                                    Dr. Vroegindewey said.
cally-new international mission. While                   valuable. Often, a government reluctant to                                    Often, the veterinary teams work with
Army Engineer construction units were                    accept other military aid will welcome a                                   their human medical colleagues and public
often the primary military operation in this             veterinary medical team.                                                   health experts to provide a diverse range of
regard, the Vet Corps was seldom far                        “In some of these countries, losing an                                  community health assistance. At any time,
behind. Suddenly, Egypt, Jordan, Germany, animal is like losing their job, savings,                                                 the veterinary corps has about 410 officers
Belize, Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala,                   retirement program, cashflow, and social                                    on active duty all over the world, plus
Honduras, Bolivia, and Ecuador, became                   identity,” Dr. Vroegindewey said. “The                                     another 145 reserve officers.
destinations for Vet Corps personnel. Dr.                Veterinary Corps can almost automatically
Vroegindewey began going on these mis-                   build good will through a common bond                                      Other Challenges
sions and, seeing the positive impact, con-              with the animals. With this trust, we can                                     In addition to overseas deployments, Dr.
sidered leaving his comfortable life in                  help the people to help themselves.”                                       Vroegindewey’s other duties are to develop
Missouri to tackle these new challenges. In                 One example of this work occurred                                       a teaching program describing the role of
November 1998, Dr. Vroegindewey and                      when Ecuador asked for help in increasing                                  the veterinarian in international disaster
Linda made the decision to go on active                  milk production. The U.S. military veteri-                                 response.
duty where he was tapped for the second-                 nary medical team, lead by Dr. Vroegin-                                       There are more challenges, too: head a
in-command spot at the Army’s center for                 dewey, joined with local experts and farm                                  working group to evaluate, select, and test
medicine, Fort Sam Houston in San Anto-                  owners to investigate the problem and find                                  off-the-shelf food safety technology for use
nio, Texas.                                              a solution.                                                                by field units; work with NATO veterinari-
                                                            The country had great genetic stock but                                 ans to coordinate food safety and animal
From Missouri Clients to Nation Building                 poor output. With some detective work                                      care programs; and coordinate distance
   Nation building, the quick way of                     from Dr. Dave Hardin, director of the Col-                                 learning programs for the Army's Masters
describing this new military mission, is not             lege's veterinary extension and continuing                                 degree in Public Health.
an easy business. It requires the culturally-            education team back in Missouri, it was                                       To Dr. Vroegindewey, who achieved his
sensitive skills of a diplomat rather than a             determined the country's cows had a diet                                   goals of establishing and running a success-
sharp aim with a rifle. While not a tradi-                deficient in calcium, energy, and protein                                   ful business, this challenge was difficult to
tional military assignment, America’s                    caused by the banana-based feed. The US                                    ignore and requires every people and clini-
armed services are often best equipped to                soldiers then used their educational skills                                cal skill, and more, that he developed over
deploy overseas, organize logistics, put                 to show the farmers that a $1 investment                                   the years.                              VMR

qualified people where they're needed, and                in more conventional protein feed would

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24   A L U M N I   A T   L A R G E

     Dr. Caroline Gilje, DVM ’84, hosts a weekly

     call-in program on KMOX-AM in St. Louis.

     Classmates John Williams and Phil Brown,

     DVM ’72, have weekly call-in shows on

     KFRU-AM in Columbia and KWTO-AM in

     Springfield, respectively. Dr. Bruce Whittle,

     DVM ’94, has a bi-weekly five-minute

     radio program on KTTN-FM Classic

     Country, Trenton, Mo., where he

     reports on the latest news in ani-

     mal care. So, what’s

     it like to be a radio


                                                                                                                                     Phillip Brown

     Phillip Brown                    as a captain in the U.S. Army       facilities in Missouri. He later     They have three children: Kalyn,
     DVM Class of ’72                 and spent two years in the          was involved with other veteri-      who attends Ozark Technical
     KWTO, 560 AM,                    pathology program at Fitzsi-        nary medical facilities in south-    Community College in Spring-
     Springfield, Missouri             mons Army Medical Center. He        west Missouri. After several         field; Jonathan, who is a soccer,
     Ask the Vet                      practiced emergency medicine        years of mixed animal practice,      basketball, and track varsity
     Friday, 8:30 – 9:30 am           and did relief veterinary medical   he now specializes in pocket         athlete; and Jennifer, who plays
                                      work in Denver before relocat-      pets, reptiles, and birds at the     club and school basketball, and
     Dr. Philip Brown was born in     ing to Springfield.                  Animal Care Center in Spring-        is a cheerleader and concert
     Wurzburg, Germany, and has         Dr. Brown operated ANEM           field.                                band member.
     resided aboard as well as in the Pet Emergency Hospital, one of        Dr. Brown has been married
     U.S. After graduation, he served the first dedicated emergency        to his wife, Gloria, for 30 years.
                                                                                                                    M E S S A G A L FU RM O N MI     T H E L D E A N
                                                                                                                                                     A T     A R G E   25

John Williams                       Bruce Whittle
DVM Class of ’72                    KTTN-FM 92.3 Classic
KFRU, 1400 AM, Columbia,            Country, Trenton, Missouri
Missouri                            Four years ago, Bruce Whittle,
The Pet Place with Dr. John         DVM ’94, joined with three
Williams                            other veterinarians to host a
Saturday, 7-8 am                    bi-weekly five-minute radio
Dr. John Williams is a 28-year      program on KTTN-FM 92.3
veteran of small animal prac-       Classic Country, Trenton, Mo.
tice in Columbia, Mo. Origi-        Today, Dr. Whittle alone
nally from Adair County, he         researches and writes the pre-
graduated from MU’s College         recorded program called The
of Veterinary Medicine in           Human-Animal Connection
1972. After graduation, he          (that alternates Friday after-
practiced for one year in Web-      noons with a program from
ster Groves, Mo. before return-     the local animal shelter). His
ing to Columbia to begin a          radio script is also published as
private practice at Horton Ani-     a column in Trenton’s daily
mal Hospital. Since 1973,           newspaper, the Republican
Horton Animal Hospital has          Times.
expanded from a single facility        Dr. Whittle’s topics cover
to three, full-service veterinary   whatever he thinks his listeners
hospitals, a boarding/grooming      are interested in. Favorite top-
kennel, and a dog-training          ics include zoonotic diseases,
facility. Of the nine full-time     equine and cattle problems,
veterinarians on staff, Dr.         and common maladies of com-
Williams is the senior partner      panion animals. Probably his
and CEO.                            biggest topic was the outbreak
   Dr. Williams also serves as a    of epizootic hemorrhagic dis-
veterinary consultant for a         ease (EHD) in cattle. The pos-
national publication, Cats          sibility of EHD alarmed food
                                                                                  John Williams
Magazine, where he authors a        producers because cattle with
monthly question and answer         the disease, caused by an insect
column.                             bite, normally show no intial                                                                                  Caroline Gilje
   Dr. Williams has been mar-       signs. Infected deer often die as                                                                              DVM Class of ’84
ried to his wife Sally, a           a result of the virus.                                                                                         KMOX, 1120 AM, St.
Stephens College graduate, for         “There was a lot of misin-                                                                                  Louis, Missouri
28 years. They have three chil-     formation about hemorrhagic                                                                                    Ask the Vet
dren, John, a first year medical     disease and a lot of people                                                                                    Weekday afternoons
resident at the University of       were scared,” Dr. Whittle said.
                                    “I hope my program educated                                                                     Dr. Caroline Truss,
Wisconsin Medical Center;
                                    the public on what was really                                                                   class of ’84, has been
Michael, a first year medical
                                    happening and what to look                                                                      associated with the
student at the University of
                                    for.”                                                                                           Barrett Station Veteri-
Missouri; and Jessica, a sopho-
                                       Dr. Whittle said he stayed on                                                                nary Clinic near St.
more business major at DePaul
                                    with the program because he                                                                     Louis since 1990. In
University in Chicago. The
                                    enjoys researching a topic and                                                                  April 2000 she married
Williams family also has two
                                    trying to communicate its                                                                       Mark Gilje who has
cats, Truman and Billy.
                                    importance in a short time. “If                                                                 two daughters Brittany
                                    you want to learn something,                                                                    and Madeline.
                                    try to teach it,” he said.                                                                         Dr. Gilje is an active
                                                                                                                                    speaker on veterinary
                                                                                                                                    medicine and animal
                                                                                                                                    health issues at local
                                                                                                                                    elementary and high
                                                                                  Caroline Gilje
                                                                                                                                    schools and dog and
                                                                                  cat organizations. She is actively involved with St. Louis-area grey-
                                                                                  hound rescue groups and leads several volunteer programs for young
                                                                                  people interested in pursuing a veterinary medical career.

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26   A L U M N I    A T   L A R G E

                                      Talking Veterinary Medicine
          Williams, Gilje & Brown—“What’s It Like to Be a Radio Star?”
        Veterinarians are nothing if not adaptable. When not practicing their chosen profession, they’re writing books, conduct-
        ing research, helping in community projects, or starring in their own radio programs. For some College alumni, the lure
        of the microphone and connecting to the public has led them to a part-time career fielding questions about animal care
        and treatment, animal behavior, and, occasionally, how to build a birdhouse.

     ? How and why did you get started in
     Q broadcasting?                                    ventive care for their family. Many are
                                                        retired while others tune in between busi-
                                                        ness calls or while they are at work. Some
                                                                                                                   radio veteran once told me to never “beat
                                                                                                                   up” or mock a caller. It lowers listeners’
                                                                                                                   respect for you and it detracts from the
     Williams It was strictly a matter of being
                                                        fax in their questions so they can listen to               substance of the show. I always remind
     in the right—or wrong—place at the
                                                        my response.                                               myself that the caller has a real problem,
     right—or wrong—time. I’d been asked on
                                                        Gilje KMOX is a clear channel station                      and even though it may come across the
     occasion to appear as a guest on the local
                                                        which means it can reach into 44 states—a                  airways as silly, the caller is looking for
     talk radio station to discuss animal-related
                                                        big coverage area for any radio station.                   help and advice.
     topics and take phone calls. As these
                                                        The Spring 2000 Arbitron ratings indicate                  Gilje The most frequent question is how
     appearances became more frequent, I
                                                        that my audience is mostly comprised of                    can I keep my cat from peeing in the
     became acquainted with the station’s pro-
                                                        adults 25-54 years old with between                        house?
     gramming and management personnel.
                                                        15,000 and 20,000 listening at any one                     Brown Over time, the same questions keep
     They approached me with the idea of a
                                                        moment. That’s not far from the average                    popping up. We get the most calls on
     weekly call-in show on pets and related
                                                        St. Louis ratings of Rush Limbaugh and                     behavioral issues and training; although,
     topics. My initial reaction was to decline,
                                                        the St. Louis Cardinals.                                   depending on the season, parasites are
     but the challenge of doing something for
                                                        Williams Arbitron ratings suggest that                     often discussed. Callers share an earnest
     which I was totally untrained, and
                                                        most of my listeners are middle-aged and                   sincerity in seeking help with their pet’s
     unskilled, intrigued me to the point where
                                                        older—so my lifelong desire to be a “teen                  problems. It’s important to listen for the
     I decided to try it for a few weeks. That
                                                        idol” has yet to be fulfilled. Most have                    nuances of the question and give everyone
     was over ten years ago.
                                                        pets, and I think, tune in to hear questions               individual, professional, and respectful
     Brown A client of mine had a problem
                                                        answered that relate to their “four-legged”                attention when discussing their concerns.
     with his pet and told me how difficult it
                                                        family member. Curiously, I’ve also met
     was for average owners to find good pet
     health care information. Through a series
     of conversations, we concluded people
                                                        people who don’t have pets, but tune in
                                                        every week. It must be for the news/sports                 Q really helped a situation
                                                                                                                   ? Can you recallsomeone? where you
                                                        breaks that are interspersed into the show.
     could be better caregivers with informa-                                                                      Gilje A blind couple had two dogs and one
     tion through a regular and informal ques-                                                                     was stealing food from the kitchen
     tion and answer format tailored to their
     individual needs. An hour radio broadcast
                                                         Q question that you get? What was
                                                         ? What’s the most frequently askeda                       counter. They asked me how to determine
                                                                                                                   which dog was the thief and how to rectify
                                                                  really dumb question and how did                 the problem. I recommended a different
     can do that.
                                                                  you handle it?                                   sounding bell on each dog’s collar. Then, I
     Gilje Five years ago I was asked to appear
     as a guest on Doug McElwin’s KMOX                  Williams The most frequent questions are                   recommended “baiting” the dog with food
     radio show. We were so well received (as           behavioral problems—cats not using litter                  tied to empty soda cans. When the moved
     evidenced by the ratings, something care-          boxes, destructive dogs, housebreaking                     soda cans made a noise, with the individ-
     fully watched by radio station manage-             questions, etc. The real challenge in                      ual bell, the culprit was revealed.
     ment) that he asked me to return often.            answering these questions on the air is not                Williams One situation involved a call from
     Almost two years ago he was promoted to            coming up with a remedy for the problem,                   an owner whose cat had been sick for a
     morning drive time radio and I was asked           but to make the answer interesting and                     week. She described various symptoms,
     to step in to host a program called “Ask           different sounding from the last time this                 some quite graphic for morning radio. As I
     the Vet.”                                          question was posed. On one show I had                      questioned her, it occurred to me that this
                                                        the same behavioral question called in                     cat could be suffering pyometritis. I

     Q why comprises your
     ? Whodo they tune in?audience and
                                                        three times within an hour! (The “call                     described this condition and suggested that
                                                        screener” was out that day.) It’s almost                   she seek out a veterinarian as soon as pos-
                                                        impossible to characterize any question as                 sible. As luck would have it, one of my
     Brown The bulk of the KWTO “Ask the
                                                        being dumb—although it may sound                           associates was her regular doctor. He
     Vet” audience is made up of educated peo-
                                                        dumb in the way the caller phrased it. A                   examined the cat that morning and per-
     ple from all age groups who want to
     become more knowledgeable about pre-
                                           W I N T E R / S P R I N G   2 0 0 0     V E T E R I N A R Y   M E D I C A L   R E V I E W

formed surgery later that day. The patient
recovered and is doing well. The following
week, the owner was nice enough to call
                                                                                               Class Notes
                                                                                            rently the executive director of                Dr. Miller is a Wildlife Disease
the radio show and publicly thank me for
helping. That was a good day.
                                                                         50’s               the Orthopedic Foundation for                   Specialist at the US Geological
                                                       Warren Schilb, DVM ’50, cele-        Animals in Columbia, Mo.                        Services National Wildlife
Brown For someone to take the time and                 brated his 50th year practicing      Randy Elkins, DVM ’74, and                      Health Center in Madison,
effort to pick up the telephone and call in            veterinary medicine. He contin-      his wife Marisa St. Claire                      Wisconsin.
with a question usually implies an interest            ues to work at his practice          Elkins (MS ’95 in veterinary                    Kelly Pizzo, DVM ’91, and her
in increasing their healthcare knowledge in            seven days a week, he reports.       medicine from MU and DVM                        husband David, announced the
order to help their pets. I consider all ques-
tions important and try to devote adequate
                                                                         60’s               ’90 from the University of Min-
                                                                                            nesota) announced the birth of
                                                                                                                                            birth of a son, Vincent, born
                                                                                                                                            January 30, 2000. The couple’s
                                                       Thomas Noyes, DVM ’62,               a son, Sean, on May 10, 2000.                   first child, Anthony, was born
time to each caller. Often, people call to
                                                       retired from his Kansas City-        The family lives in Adamstown,                  April 16, 1998. The family lives
reassure themselves that they are doing all            area Eagle Animal Hospital           Maryland. Dr. Elkins was pro-                   in San Diego.
that they can for their pets. Sometimes,               practice after 36 years. James       moted to Associate Director,
they need a little nudge to do something.              Sparks, DVM ’90, and James                                                           Brent Herrin, DVM ’92, was
                                                                                            Division of Intramural Re-
Often, a listener will call back and thank             Cupp, DVM ’84, purchased the                                                         praised in a newspaper letter to
                                                                                            search, National Institute of
me and let me know that the pet had been               practice from him and estab-                                                         the editor by a client. The letter
                                                                                            Allergy and Infectious Diseases,
                                                       lished a scholarship in his                                                          appeared in the Barry County
helped.                                                                                     and was also promoted to Cap-
                                                       honor at the MU College of                                                           Advertiser, Cassville, Mo., and
                                                                                            tain, Commissioned Corps, US
                                                                                                                                            noted Dr. Herrin’s prompt
Q does your radio perspective,
? Fromthe public think about what
                                                       Veterinary Medicine.
                                                       Royal Ranney, DVM ’64, was
                                                                                            Public Health Service. In June,
                                                                                            he received the Public Health
                                                                                                                                            response to a telephone call
                                                                                                                                            after hours, precise diagnosis,
      veterinarians?                                   installed as president of the        Service Outstanding Service
                                                                                                                                            and compassionate concern for
Gilje The public admires veterinarians                 Western Veterinary Conference.       Medal from the National Insti-
                                                                                                                                            the client/animal bond. The
                                                       He was president of the Mis-         tutes of Health.
sometimes more than MDs. They see us as                                                                                                     Border collie, diagnosed with
                                                       souri Veterinary Medical Asso-
more compassionate, friendly, and
approachable. Of course, my program
                                                       ciation in 1987. He moved to                           80’s                          poisoning, recovered.
                                                                                                                                            Scott Bormanis, DVM ’94, was
                                                       Rolla, Mo. in 1966 where he          Dana Walker, DVM ’86, will
gives me an opportunity to support this                established a practice now                                                           promoted to the rank of major
                                                                                            receive a PhD in Immunology,
image and the image of my fellow veteri-               owned by his son, Mark Ran-          with a minor in biotechnology,
                                                                                                                                            in the US Army Veterinary
narians.                                               ney, DVM ’82, and Jenny Web-                                                         Medical Corps. He lives in Sil-
                                                                                            from North Carolina State Uni-
Brown I feel the public views veterinarians            ster, DVM ’96. The Western                                                           ver Spring, Maryland.
                                                                                            versity in December.
as the primary source that they can talk to            Veterinary Conference is one of                                                      David Ihrke, DVM ’95, and his
concerning their pets. Veterinarians are               the largest continuing educa-                          90’s                          wife Amber (Badillo) Ihrke,
seen as pet and patient advocates with ani-            tional organizations for veteri-     Deborah and Patrick Richards,                   DVM ’96, announced the birth
mal welfare as our main concern. Pet own-              nary medicine.                       both DVM ’90, traveled in July                  of their daughter, Elizabeth,
ers appreciate how veterinarians                       Jonathan Wilson, DVM ’66,            1999 to China to adopt their                    born April 21, 2000. The fam-
                                                                                            second daughter, Alicia. The                    ily lives in Lockport, Ill.
understand the human-animal bond, and                  recently expanded his Animal
how he or she wants to help people help                Medical Center in Kennett,           family’s first daughter, Amanda,                 Janet Linton, DVM ’95, and
their pets with the best care.                         Mo. to include a pet store and       was adopted from China in                       her husband David, announced
                                                       grooming room.                       1996. The family lives in Bliss,                the birth of their daughter,
Williams One misconception that the pub-
                                                                                            Idaho.                                          Anna Jane Linton, born
lic has about the veterinary profession is
that veterinarians have expertise in all ani-
                                                                         70’s               Kimberli Miller, DVM ’91, and                   November 15, 1999. The baby
                                                       Greg Keller, DVM ’73, was            her husband Paul announced                      weighed 6 lb. 2 oz., and was 19
mal species. I’ve received serious on-air                                                                                                   inches long. The family lives in
                                                       named a trustee of the Morris        the birth of a daughter, Elena
calls about rabbits, deer, bluebirds, and                                                                                                   Belleville, Ill.
                                                       Animal Foundation. He is cur-        Nicole, born July 8, 1999.
how to build a “martin house.” If you
think about it, it’s flattering that people
would think that the profession provides
care to all animals. I’ve been gratified over
                                                                                                 In Memoriam
the years to see the respect and affection             Walter William Bone, DVM ’56, died after an illness on March 7, 2000 in Anderson, Mo.
that listeners have for the profession. I
                                                       He was a World War II veteran who served in the Philippines and was a frequent winner of
think that veterinarians are seen as the
most approachable of all medical profes-               the Missouri State Fiddler’s Contest. He is survived by his wife, Berry Bachelor Bone, and
sions, and a radio format expands the                  four children.
potential for this familiarity. Whether
deserved or not, the displays of apprecia-             Heather Smith, DVM ’84, died February 15, 2000 in Jamaica Plain, Mass. She worked pri-
tion by listeners toward me and my family              marily in small animal medicine in Connecticut and held the office of treasurer of the Con-
have been overwhelming.                 VMR
                                                       necticut VMA. Dr. Smith held federal and state wildlife rehabilitation licenses and was a
                                                       member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

                                             F A L L   /   W I N T E R   2 0 0 0        V E T E R I N A R Y   M E D I C A L   R E V I E W
28        C A T C H I N G               U P       W I T H . . .

Dr. Morehouse not only grew
the VMDL, but produced an
offshoot from the VMDL tree.
In 1969, he recruited Dr. J.E.
Wagner from the Veterans
Administration Hospital in
Kansas City. Drs. Wagner and
Morehouse would perfect a
new concept: A diagnostic,
research, and teaching pro-
gram in laboratory animal
medicine. This has grown into
its own internationally known
unit, what’s today known as
RADIL—the Research Animal
Diagnostic and Investigative                                                                             Dr. Morehouse and Dr.T.D.Wylie with the first copies of their three volume book entitled Mycotoxic Fungi,
Laboratory.                                                                                              Mycotoxins, and Mycotoxicoses in Animals, Plants, and Man, published in 1977.

                                                                                        A           dozen years after retiring from
                                                                                                    the MU College of Veterinary
                                                                                                    Medicine, Dr. Larry Morehouse
                                                                                                    is considering retiring again.
                                                                                                    Little wonder since retirement
                                                                                                    has been as busy and intense as
                                                                                                    his work establishing the
                                                                                                    College’s Veterinary Medical
                                                                                                    Diagnostic Laboratory. Consider
                                                                                                                                                                 any other time in my life,” he
                                                                                                                                                                 said. “It’s amazing the wonderful
                                                                                                                                                                 things that can happen when the
                                                                                                                                                                 stress of conventional ‘work’
                                                                                                                                                                 leaves the body. Still, I always
                                                                                                                                                                 seem to be doing something. I’m
                                                                                                                                                                 about ready to retire again.”
                                                                                                                                                                    Retirement is one major
                                                                                                                                                                 thread that runs through the
                                                                                                          this list of retirement                                work that Dr. Morehouse has
                                                                                                                              activities:                        pursued after leaving MU. He
                                                                                                      s C
                                                                                                           hairing th                                                recognized early that the old
                                                                                                        nostic la e national vete
                                                                                                                   boratory                rinary m                            concepts of retirement
                                                                                                       three ye                accredita              ed
                                                                                                                  ars.                     tion com ical diag-                are obsolete, and has
                                                                                                   s S
                                                                                                        erving a                                       mittee fo
                                                                                                                   s                                             r
                                                                                                     ments o a consultant to                                                 flung himself into the
                                                                                                                f agricult               several s
                                                                                                 s S
                                                                                                      erving a             ure.                     tate dep                 pursuit of reinventing
                                                                                                                 s                                            art-
                                                                                                   ative to secretary-treas                                                 this time of life for him-
                                                                                                              the board               urer and
                                                                                                  ciation o                                       U
                                                                                                              f Veterin of directors of th S represent-                    self and others.
                                                                                                                         ary Labo                 e
                                                                                               s S
                                                                                                   erving a
                                                                                                              s                      ratory D World Asso-                     “Previously, many peo-
                                                                                                 of Nursin a consultant fo                     iagnostic
                                                                                                                                                           ians.          ple were worn out at 65
                                                                                                              g                     r
                                                                                                America ’s project to en the MU Sinclair
                                                                                                            ns.                    hance th                S
                                                                                             s S
                                                                                                erving a                                      e lives o chool             years of age and had only a
                                                                                                            s vice pre                                   f older         few years left,” he said.
                                                                                                           Associati sident and pres                                    “Today, you can feel great,
                                                                                            s C
                                                                                               hairing th             on.                    ident of
                                                                                                                                                       the MU
                                                                                             Columb          e plannin                                                 live, and contribute much
                                                                                                        ia               g comm
                                                                                             wrecking ’s historic Misso ittee that saved                               more than any other previ-
                                                                                                          ball and              uri Thea
                                                                                            center fo                re                   te
                                                                                                        r symph modeled the b r from the                              ous generation. Look at me,
After Inventing VMDL,                                                                    s H
                                                                                             elping o              onic mu                 uilding a                 I’ve been retired half as long
                                                                                                                             sic.                     s the
                                                                                           Senior G rganize voluntee                                                 as I’ve worked at MU, and
                                                                                                      a                      rs
                                                                                          bicycle ra mes as a basketb at the Missouri
                                                                                                      ce cours                a                      S              one-third as long as I’ve
                                                                                      s C
                                                                                           hairing a             e marsh ll goalkeeper an tate
                                                                                                                            al.                      d              worked in the veterinary med-
                                                                                         churche committee serv
                                                                                                  s.                       ing 85 M                                ical profession.
                                                                                     s C
                                                                                          ompletin                                     issouri
                                                                                       tracing h     g a gene                                                        “Today, if you retire at 65
                                                                                                 is             alogy stu
                                                                                      soldiers. roots back to tw dy of his family                                years, you have an 80 percent
                                                                                                                          o Ameri
                                                                                   s E
                                                                                       diting an                                     can Revo                    chance of living until you are 80,
                                                                                    reflectio AVMA Journal                                                        a 45 percent chance of living to be
                                                                                              ns of reti              co
                                                                                  s H
                                                                                     elping sta            red vete lumn regarding                               90, and a 10 percent chance of
                                                                                   Freshma rt the MU Hon                         .
Reinventing the Concept of Retirement                                                        n progra
                                                                                                                     ors Colle
                                                                                                                                 ge’s Ado
                                                                                                                                                                 living to 100,” he said. “People
                                                                                                                                                                 working today need to consider
                                                                                                                                                                 this carefully in planning for
                                                                                                                                                                 retirement, especially in their
Dr.Morehouse in front of the building that he helped build, the Veterinary Med-                            And this list                                         financial plans.”
ical Diagnostic Laboratory.The car is his 1975 Mercedes 450SL roadster.Previous
vintage cars included a VW Karman-Ghia and Microbus, and Volvo 940 turbo
                                                                                                       doesn’t mention his hobby of vin-                            If his post-retirement life has
station wagon.                                                                                         tage cars.                                                been busy, it may be because of
                                                                                                           “I’m 75 and I feel better than at the enormous tasks that he tack-
                                                                                                                          C A T C H I N G               U P      W I T H . . .             29

led and won in establishing a          establish a doctoral program; and       cerned about too many applica-                          agent of contagious equine metri-
first-class veterinary medical          investigate the etiology, pathogene-    tions for advanced degree pro-                          tis, a venereal disease of horses
diagnostic laboratory even             sis, epizootiology, prevention,         grams. The program survived                             (only the second time so recog-
though there were no funding           treatment and control of salmonel-      three rigorous reviews by the Uni-                      nized in the Western Hemi-
opportunities in sight.                losis, swine dysentery, transmissi-     versity. Dr. Morehouse was the                          sphere). This prevented a federal
                                       ble gastroenteritis, colibacillosis,    effort’s first chair. Within two                         statewide quarantine of horses.
Growing VMDL                           and rota viral diarrhea in swine.       decades, the program conferred                          Regulatory officials said the
   On a cold and snowy January 1,         As if this workload wasn’t           43 PhDs with 17 more in training.                       prompt diagnosis by the VMDL
1964, Dr. Morehouse assumed            enough, by the late 1960s, the Col-     The joint program also yielded                          saved the state’s animal industry
responsibilities of chair of the MU lege was exploding with new pro-           research into mycoplasmology                            at least $10 million. VMDL
Department of Veterinary Pathol-       grams, research projects, and new       and mycotoxicology, and a three-                        became equally important to the
ogy. He came with an impressive        curricula. To Dr. Morehouse and         volume book by Dr. Morehouse                            state’s cattle, swine, and poultry
resume: acting director of the U.S.    his team, a 40-hour workweek            and Dr. T.D. Wyllie entitled                            industries—an estimated $2 bil-
Agriculture Department’s Animal        seemed like a vacation.                 Mycotoxic Fungi, Mycotoxins,                            lion industry.
Health Division Diagnostic Ser-           “It was apparent to everyone         and Mycytoxicoses in Animals,                              In 1982, VMDL generated
vices, National Animal Disease         that the Department of Pathology        Plants, and Man.                                        more than $1 million in research
Laboratory, Ames, Iowa. He was         couldn’t do all of these things,” Dr.      The late seventies also saw the                      grants and diagnostic contracts,
also discipline leader for the depart- Morehouse said. “We either had to       realization of a dream for Dr.                          and had established itself as an
ment’s pathology and toxicology        grow the diagnostic work into its       Morehouse—the construction of                           essential part of the College, Uni-
branch. The MU veterinary pathol- own department or close the lab.             the VMDL building. That dream                           versity, and State.
ogy department that he came to         So the dean asked me, well, do you      began its journey to reality when                          In 1988, Dr. Morehouse
was modest at best: four faculty       want to start a Veterinary Medical      the plans, after they had cleared all                   retired as VMDL’s director,
members and one graduate student. Diagnostic Laboratory?”                      of the local hurdles, were included                     replaced by Dr. Harvey Gosser,
   While the department was small,                                             in the construction appropriation                       recruited from the University of
the tasks were large. The depart-      Many Challenges, Little Money           of the College in 1973.                                 Georgia’s VMDL. In that year,
ment was responsible for teaching         Dr. Morehouse tasked himself            “All of our activities or pro-                       the 20th anniversary of the lab,
undergraduate courses in animal        and his team to develop a fully-        grams had one thing in common,”                         several thousand necropsies and
hygiene, and professional and grad- accredited lab that served its vet-        Dr. Morehouse said. “They were                          some 300,00 lab tests were being
uate courses in pathology and clini- erinary clients as well as support        undertaken with insufficient fac-                        performed annually. With income
cal pathology. Continuing              a professional teaching program         ulty, insufficient funds, and insuffi-                    of more than $1.5 million, lab
education and extension was            that would soon double (not to          cient facilities.”                                      faculty were teaching 10 gradu-
another job of the department, as      mention provide the support                By 1977, when the new build-                         ate courses and four professional
was inspection of carcasses of food- needed for the new “block”                ing was ready for occupancy,                            courses, and would publish 59
producing animals slaughtered in       teaching program) while figuring         VMDL had grown from the orig-                           scientific articles and make 45
the University abattoir located adja- out a way to pay for it all.             inal four faculty to 10 members                         scientific presentations at state,
cent to the Veterinary Clinic build-      It took three years of planning      and 15 supporting staff. The                            national, and international meet-
ing. In their spare time, the small    that came to fruition in 1968           facility was building a reputation                      ings. Dr. Morehouse received the
team was also providing diagnostic when the department scratched               for research and service. In 1979,                      Distinguished Service Award of
services to the teaching hospital,     together $143,000 in start-up           the lab received the thanks of                          the College, and was recognized
Missouri veterinarians, herd own- funding (including $14,000 from              Missouri when Dr. William Fales,                        by the Missouri legislature.
ers, and regulatory officials who       the College) for salaries and facil-    chief of the baceteriology section                      VMR

looked to the pathology depart-        ities. With that, Dr. Morehouse         of the lab, identified the causative
ment for assistance in animal dis-     and team formed the Veterinary
                                                                               Dr.Morehouse leads a pathology seminar in Connaway Hall in the late ’60s.In the audience was faculty member
ease diagnosis. And, of course,        Medical Diagnostic Laboratory           Dr.Harry Berrier, and a young graduate student Harvey Gosser (far right).Gosser would later become the second
there was the research compo-          as its own interdisciplinary unit.      director of the MU VMDL.
nent—faculty member Dr. H.H.           The new VMDL was housed in
Berrier worked on the differential     three “temporary” trailers behind
diagnosis of animal diseases by lab- the teaching hospital—trailers
oratory tests, and colleague Dr.       that remained in use until the late
Bonnard Moseley studied attenu-        1990’s. Dr. Morehouse was the
ated rabies in dogs.                   first director and continued as the
   “Talk about all-nighters,” Dr.      chair of the pathology depart-
Morehouse said. “For that first         ment.
spring and fall semesters, I often        In their spare time, members of
worked into the early morning          the department and new VMDL
hours every Tuesday and Thursday established a doctoral program in
to prepare for my teaching duties on pathology—a joint effort between
Wednesday and Friday. Sunday was the veterinary pathology, the
the day you prepared for Monday.” human medical pathology depart-
   Slowly, however, the department ment, and plant pathology. The
began to grow and would soon           effort came at a time when the
train its first 10 graduate students; University was becoming con-
30   F L A S H B A C K !

                                                                                 East Campus Hangout
                                                                                 A Piece of Vet College History

     In early July,
     a For Sale sign was
     pounded into the
     ground in front of a his-
     toric part of the MU east cam-
     pus neighborhood. The Lee Street
     Deli, a fixture for generations of hungry
     vet students, is being sold by its sixth
     owner. The unique deli, little more than an
     old two-story house’s basement, for
     decades was often the only place where
     east campus students could grab a quick
        Largely unknown to the current genera-
     tion of veterinary medical students who
     enjoy The Zou, the College’s in-house deli
     since 1995, Lee Street still serves a loyal
     clientele from nearby fraternity houses and         agriculture departments and the vet-
     east campus residents who don’t care to             erinary medical college, is bereft of a single
     cross busy College Ave. Whether the oper-           McDonalds, Burger King, or KFC.                              educational process—breakfast helps get
     ation remains a deli will be the choice of             That’s okay with east campus. At The                      students ready for a hard day’s studying,
     the new owner.                                      Zou, the deli on the northwest part of the                   and a fast lunch keeps students alert on
                         • • •                           Veterinary Medicine Building, food is fast,                  clinical duty.
       While the main and health sciences cam-           hot, tasty, and served by people who                            Things were tougher in the old days.
     puses have always boasted a bevy of                 quickly become friends. Its proximity has                    The Zou’s predecessor, known today only
     restaurants, east campus, home of some              made it an essential part of the College’s                   to a few graybeards, is blocks away at the

                                           F A L L   /   W I N T E R   2 0 0 0        V E T E R I N A R Y   M E D I C A L   R E V I E W
                                                                                                                                            F L A S H B A C K !    31

The Juicy Burger has been a Lee Street daily special for more

than 30 years.• The house above the Lee Street Deli has hardly

changed in 73 years, save for different colors of paint.

• The inside is small and functional.Most diners chose to sit

under the umbrellas or picnic tables outside.

                                                                            Gilbert used the base-               summer as the heat from the refrigerator
                                                                            ment of a two-story                  compressors made the basement unbear-
                                                                           house to sell school sup-             ably hot. In 1989, Pat Gerke, who now
                                                                           plies, candy, and home-               runs The Zou, bought Lee Street, remod-
                                                                          made ice cream in the days             eled it, and installed air conditioning—
                                                                          when vet science was a                 much to the delight of vet students who
                                                                         department of the ag                    studied all year long.
                                                                         school.                                    In the early 90’s, the university food ser-
                                                                            Mrs. Max Shivley bought              vice’s vet college snack bar slowly dwin-
                                                                        it in the 1930’s, and sold the           dled away, and Gerke found herself
                                                                       house in the 40’s to a group              delivering more sandwiches to the College.
                                                                       of vet students. They lived on            When the snack bar finally closed in 1995,
                                                                      the first floor, rented the sec-             Gerke was asked to open a satellite branch
                                                                      ond, and operated the store                of Lee Street at the College. For two years,
                                                                      when they had time—closing                 she shuttled between the two restaurants,
                                                                     it when they went to class. In              and in 1997 sold Lee Street to its current
                                                                     the 50’s, when the vet depart-              owner, John Leigers, and made the Zou
                                                                    ment became a college and                    her sole operation. The Zou has been a
                                                                    expanded, the Owens family                   wonderful success for her, she said, typi-
                                                                   purchased Lee Street and began                cally, serving 300 people per day.
                                                                   to make sandwiches. In 1964
                                                                   Harvey and Millie Rathert                                           • • •
                                                                  bought what had become a                          Leigers said that the new owner could
                                                                  neighborhood deli.                             keep Lee Street open as a deli. While few
                                                                    It was probably Millie who                   vet students make the two block trek
                                                                 first cooked Lee Street’s signature              there, the deli still does a fair amount of
                                                                 dish, the Juicy Burger. In those                business with the nearby fraternity houses.
                                                                days, virtually all restaurants were             Still, it’s tough to justify such a small busi-
                                                                family owned and served some-                    ness in an age of relatively high wages and
                                                               thing unique to attract customers.                a tight labor market.
                                                               The Juicy Burger, a sloppy joe vari-                 So, if you need at least one last Lee
 corner of Lee and Wilson streets. For                        ant made of ground chuck, taco                     Street Juicy Burger to revive old veterinary
 decades, Lee Street Deli was about the                seasoning, tomato sauce, and sugar                        school memories, you may want to get
 only eatery east campus had before The                cooked in a crock pot and served on a bun                 there soon.                               VMR

 Zou opened.                                           with pickles, has been a Lee Street daily
   Lee Street began operation the year                 special for more than three decades.
 Lindbergh flew the Atlantic. Charles                     The Ratherts closed Lee Street each

                                                  F A L L   /   W I N T E R   2 0 0 0   V E T E R I N A R Y   M E D I C A L   R E V I E W
                                                                                  Dr. James Nave                               The Class of 1950

                                                                                 The Class of 1950
                                                                                 shares the stage with
                                                                                 the class of 2000.

                                                                                                         The First and the Latest.
 The College’s 2000 Commencement represented the 50th time that veterinary medical college graduates from the University of
 Missouri had graced the stage at historic Jesse Auditorium. What better way to celebrate than to invite the surviving members of the
 first class, the Class of 1950, to share the festivities with the Class of 2000. The commencement speaker was Dr. James Nave, class
 of ’68 and president of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

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              M     E     D    I    C     A    L             R   E   V   I   E     W
                                                                                                                                                   COLUMBIA, MO.
                                                                                                                                                   PERMIT NO. 31
                              College of Veterinary Medicine
                              W203 Veterinary Medicine Building
                              College of Veterinary Medicine
                              University of Missouri-Columbia
                              Columbia, MO 65211

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