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Pandemic_Influenza

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 33

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									Pandemic Influenza
Preparing for an
Influenza Pandemic




                     1
Agenda



•   Pandemic influenza overview
•   Historical look at pandemic influenza
•   What would a future pandemic look like?
•   Individual, family, and community
•   Emergency preparedness

                                              2
Influenza Overview

• Influenza (flu)–a contagious respiratory
  illness, caused by a virus
• Spread through coughing, sneezing, and
  touching items that are contaminated with
  the virus (doorknobs, keyboards, etc.)
• Infectious 1-2 days before showing
  symptoms and during their entire illness



                                              3
4
Seasonal Influenza
Every year in the U.S. seasonal flu:
•   Results in the death of 36,000 people
•   Causes of 200,000 hospitalizations
•   Costs the U.S. $10 billion
•   Most previously healthy people recover
    from the seasonal flu in 1-2 weeks without
    serious medical intervention

There is a vaccine for seasonal flu–
Get your flu shot every year!
                                                 5
The world may be on the
brink of another pandemic.
-World Health Organization 2005




                                  6
Pandemic Influenza

A pandemic is an outbreak of disease that
spreads rapidly, and affects many people
worldwide.

Many health officials believe that it is
not a matter of if there is another influenza
pandemic, but when.


                                                7
Conditions of a Pandemic

• New virus to humans
• Causes serious illness
• Easily transmissible
  human to human




                           8
Six Stages of a Pandemic




                           9
Pandemic of 1918-1919

• At least 40 million deaths worldwide
• Half of those dying were in their 20s
  and 30s, representing as many as
  8 to 10% of all young adults
• More people died of influenza in a
  year than the Black Death in the
                                          Photo courtesy of the National Archives
  Middle Ages killed in a century
• More died in 24 weeks than
  AIDS has killed in 24 years

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Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Health & Medicine
                                                             12
Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Health & Medicine
                                          13
Photo courtesy of the National Archives
                                          14
Photo courtesy of the National Archives
Other 20th Century
Influenza Pandemics
Asian Influenza of 1957, with an estimated
2 million deaths worldwide, including 70,000
in the U.S.

Hong Kong Influenza of 1968, with an
estimated 1 million deaths worldwide,
including 34,000 in the U.S.


                                               15
What could Pandemic
Influenza look like in my
community?

• Long periods of disease, in waves
• Could last weeks to months
• Disruption of daily life




                                      16
Health Implications

• Inadequate medical supplies
• Overwhelmed hospitals and clinics
• Significant numbers of illness and
  death will occur
• Significant portion of the population
  would have no one to take care of them




                                           17
Projections for U.S.
During a Pandemic
Characteristics           Moderate (1968 like) Severe (1918 like)
                          U.S.         Indiana     U.S.         Indiana

Illness                   90 Million   1,860,000   90 Million   1,860,000

Outpatient medical care   45 Million   930,000     45 Million   930,000

Hospitalization           865,000      17,856      9,900,000    204,600

Ventilation               64,875       1,339       742,500      15,345

Deaths                    209,000      4,278       1,903,000    39,246


                                                                            18
Economic Implications

• Over 30% of workforce out at any given
  time due to personal or family illness
• Collapse of goods and materials supply chains
• Possible store closings




                                                  19
In a pandemic the best way
to ensure the safety of your
family and your community
is to prepare.



                               20
The most important
preparation you can make is
to believe that preparations
are necessary!
• Disasters do happen where you live and work.
• A disaster will impact you and your family.
• There is significantly less impact if you are prepared.



                                                            21
Plan


•   Preparation is a continuous, cumulative process.
•   Take small steps–frequently!
•   Take practical, specific actions.
•   Plan for “all hazards.”
•   Consider “cascading effects” such as
    power outages and transportation disruption.




                                                       22
Prepare


• Each of us has personal responsibility to prepare.
• Make a family communication plan and begin
  gathering emergency supplies.
• Start talking about pandemic planning
  in your community.




                                                       23
Family Communication Plan

•   Work/school/cell numbers, addresses, & e-mail
•   Meeting places if separated–local & distant
•   Out of state “call in” contact
•   Personal information on all family members
•   Rules for re-assembly and contact




                                                    24
Emergency Supplies
Keep your supplies in a large plastic tote container with inventory
list taped inside the cover. List dates of rotation/expiration.



•   Communications plan                          •   Spare batteries
•   Cash/traveler’s checks                       •   ID & credentials
•   Legal/financial papers                       •   Medications
•   Water & food                                 •   Medical thermometer
                                                 •   Hygiene items
•   Maps of the area
                                                 •   First aid kit
•   Battery or crank radio
                                                 •   Flashlights

                                                                           25
Special Populations

• Infants: formula, bottles, baby food,
  diapers & wipes, medications
• Adults: list of medications, dosages, caregiver
  contact information, dentures, eyeglasses,
  hearing aid needs, contact lens supplies
• Seniors: brief medical history, make and model
  information on all lifts, chairs, oxygen & other
  equipment
   – ensure a robust support network
   – evacuation and transportation needs
                                                     26
Pets: Include them in your
emergency kit (food, water, vet
records, medications, special toys,
& supplies)


• Do not leave pets
  behind or outside.
• Identify alternate pet care
  if you become ill.
• Know that pets react
  differently to stress–watch
  them closely.



                                      27
Personal Documents
• Create an emergency financial first aid kit.
• Include important legal documents and
  records (birth certificates, titles, insurance).
• Update whenever changes occur.
• Keep copy in safe deposit box.




                                                     28
Most importantly:
Make your preparations work for you!

More information/checklists
www.statehealth.in.gov
www.cdc.gov
www.pandemicflu.gov
www.cdc.gov/travel/destinat.htm
www.who.int/
www.travel.state.gov



                                       29
Influenza Prevention Practices

Practice healthy hygiene
• Cover your cough or sneeze with your
  sleeve or tissue.
• Wash your hands often with soap and
  water for 20 seconds.
Social distancing
• Stay away from work if you are sick.
• Stay an “arm’s length” away from others.
• Talk to your employer about workplace plans.

                                                 30
Community Preparation
•   Know your neighbors.
•   Reach out to neighbors with disabilities.
•   Take a CPR or First Aid class.
•   Volunteer in your community.
•   Talk about emergency preparedness in your
    community, and how to keep ALL members safe.




                                                   31
If you are prepared,
you will be more ready
for pandemic influenza
or any emergency.



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