Armored Vehicles Market Research by xws11804

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									UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
 An Update For the 2008 AAMVA
     Region IV Conference

        June 18, 2008
    Palm Springs, California
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Working group established in 2005
• Representatives from VRT, DL&C, LS, VSI,
  LE and MCS
• Chaired by Betty Johnson (NE)
• First priority was review of pocket bikes and
  similar “motorcycles”
• Motorcycle Titling and Licensing Best
  Practice Approved by Board in January 2006
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Motorcycle Best Practice
  – OVERVIEW
    • Work product of the Unconventional
      Vehicles Working Group
    • Addresses growing highway safety issue
    • Applicable to US jurisdictions only
    • Intended to promote uniformity regarding
      which “motorcycles” should be allowed
      on streets and highways
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Motorcycle Best Practice
  – SUMMARY
  – State should title or license a motorcycle
    ONLY if it:
     • Meets federal and state definition of
       motorcycle
     • Has a typed or computer-generated MCO
     • Has a NHTSA-approved VIN
     • Has a NHTSA equipment certification
       label
     • Has an EPA emissions certification label
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Subcommittees Formed to Focus on
  Current Priorities
  – Trucks converted to motorhomes
  – Japanese mini-trucks
  – Kit cars and other homemade vehicles
  – Hot shot rigs
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Next Steps -Trucks Converted to
  Motorhomes
  – Draft Best Practice due from subcommittee
    July 1, 2008
     • What does/should qualify as a
       motorhome?
  – Refer to Drivers Committee for
    study/discussion of driver licensing issues
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• CDL issues
• Registration
  issues
• Safety issues
  (HOS,
  logbooks,
  scales, etc.)
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Next Steps – Japanese Mini-Trucks
  – Best Draft Practice due from subcommittee
    July 1, 2008
     • Recommend they not be registered for
       operation on public streets
     • Need to recognize that some
       jurisdictions already allow for operation
       on public streets
        – Develop “harm reduction” suggestions
  – Discussion paper related to jurisdiction
    liability?
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Right Hand Drive
• Narrow and short
  wheelbase
• Imported as farm
  equipment and
  marketed as “off-
  road”
• 50 mph plus
• Do not meet US
  or Canadian
  standards
• Increased crash
  incidents
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Next Steps – Kit Cars
  – Best Practice due from subcommittee
   July 1, 2008
     • Based on existing AAMVA model law,
       subcommittee research, and new Georgia law
  – Is this really a problem/issue?
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• 1931 Ford?
• 2007 Ford?
• 1931
  Replica?
• 2007
  Replica?
• 2007
  Homemade?
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Next Steps – Hot Shot Rigs
  – Best Practice due from subcommittee July
    1, 2008
    • Do not license or operate beyond GCWR
  – Discuss safety implications with law
    enforcement community
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Exceeds
  GCWR
• Safety
  concerns
  (braking,
  overweight)
• Improper
  registration
• DL issues
• Federal rule
  needed?
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Unconventional Vehicles Working
  Group Future Priorities
  – Three-wheeled vehicles
  – ATVs used on public streets
  – Low Speed Vehicles
  – Medium Speed Vehicles
  – Privately Armored Vehicles
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• New or Emerging Vehicle Types
 – Growing problem
 – Limited Federal involvement
 – Driven by market forces
   •   Unique
   •   Gas prices
   •   Alternative fuels
   •   Interest in “green”
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Aptera Motors
  (California)
• Diesel-electric
  hybrid
• 230 MPG at
  55mph
• $20,000???
• Motorcycle?
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Brammo
  Motorsports
  (Oregon)
• Does not meet
  Federal
  standards
• Oregon
  legislation
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Zap
  (California)
• Several
  vehicle types
• 40 MPH
• 25 mile range
• 3 wheel
• Zero emission
• Motorcycle?
• DL issues
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Vespa (Italy)
• Piaggio MP3
• Independent
  tilting front
  wheels (40
  degrees)
• Meets/exceeds
  EPA and
  NHTSA
  standards
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Can-Am
  Spyder
• Bombardier
  (Canada)
• Does not lean
• Meets US
  standards
• Motorcycle?
• DL issues
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Medium Speed Electric Vehicles
  – Newly emerging vehicle type
  – Legislation in some states
  – Not recognized as a distinctive vehicle type
    by NHTSA
  – MSEV is essentially a “LSV on steroids”
    • 35 MPH top speed
    • Meets other LSV requirements
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• NHTSA Response to MSEV Questions
  – Federal law prohibits manufacture, import, or
    sale of vehicles that do not meet Federal
    standards, regardless of state statutes
  – NHTSA does not recognize MSEVs as a
    unique class of vehicles
  – NHTSA does not intent to seek recognition of
    MSEVs as a new class of vehicles
  – MSEVs are considered passenger cars or
    trucks
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• NHTSA Response to MSEV Questions
  – Some states have enacted state statues related
    to registration and operation of MSEVs
  – Generally use the LSV definition but increase
    the maximum miles per hour
  – Are states assisting in the commission of a
    federal crime by providing a market for such
    non-conforming vehicles?
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• NHTSA Suggestions on MSEV
  – Consider amending Federal Regulations
    for LSVs to include greater maximum
    speed
    • Petition from states?
    • Petition from manufacturers?
    • Petition from AAMVA?
  – Petition filed with NHTSA in May 2008 by
    California dealer
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
• Zenn Car
  – Marketed as an
    LSV
  – Capable of
    more than 25
    MPH
  – French design,
    manufactured in
    Canada
  – Does not meet
    US standards
    for passenger
    car
UNCONVENTIONAL VEHICLES
Questions?

            Keith Kiser
     AAMVA VP, Vehicle Services
           701-255-2593
        kkiser@aamva.org

								
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