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  Worker Chemical Safety Assessment (CSA) Template

Guidance supporting the development of Generic Exposure Scenarios under
                                                   REACH




Disclaimer
The information contained in this paper is intended for guidance only and whilst the information is provided in
utmost good faith and has been based on the best information currently available, is to be relied upon at the user’s
own risk.
No representations or warranties are made with regards to its completeness or accuracy and no liability will be
accepted for damages of any nature whatsoever resulting from the use of or reliance on the information.

WARNING
Every company has a responsibility to ensure that it implements REACH in accordance with the
Regulation. As stated in the legal notice on RIP Guidance Documents, information contained in the
guidance does not constitute legal advice and only the REACH Regulation can serve as an authentic
reference. Although RIP guidance is issued by the European Chemicals Agency, the Agency does not
accept liability with regard to the content.



Document History
Version         Comment                                                                         Date
Version 0       First edition                                                                   Dec-09
Version 1       Editorial adjustments applied                                                   Feb-10
                Worksheet 0. 'Introduction and Contents'
                Under 'References': added weblink to draft up-dates to ECHA guidance and
                adjusted identified Version numbers.
                Worksheet 2. 'Worker CSA Template'
                a. Column 'C' Revised life cycle stage for 'Manufacture of Substance A' to
                reflect 'Industrial - SU3'
                b. Annotation added to the cell for the short term inhalation DNEL to highlight
                that an adjustment to the worksheet is required if a short term DNEL is to be
                applied in place of/alongside the long term inhalation DNEL.
                Worksheet 3. 'Worker - Ex ES Annex'
                a. Row 2, Revised reference to ECHA ES Template to reflect Draft Version 2
                Ref 1 Example GES Titles
                a. Additional comment included to indicate that Use Descriptors and scope
                statements may be expected for Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC)
                b. Some adjustments to Use Descriptor details.
                c. Deleted entries for 'Propellant' and 'Polymer Production' which are not in
                the Solvents GES Library of titles
                Ref 3 TRA Worker Expo modifers
                a. Updated entries to clarify where LEV efficiencies are applicable only to
                'Solids' or 'Volatiles' for certain PROCs.
                b. Deleted row 18 detailing 95% efficiency for LEV Professional for PROC17
                and 18. Entry included in error. 95% efficiency not relevant for any PROCs
                applicable to professional activities within the TRA.




                                                Title Page & Document history                                          Page 1
                                        06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls




Developing Generic Exposure Scenarios (GES) and their application in the
development of Substance-specific Exposure Scenarios for Workers
- Worker Chemical Safety Assessment (CSA) Template

0. Introduction
The development of GESs requires input from individuals knowledgeable in the identification of uses through
the supply chain and those competent in human health and environmental risk assessment processes under
REACH.

Users of this Template are referred to the CEFIC Guidance for Developing Generic Exposure Scenarios Under
REACH for further guidance.

The Microsoft Excel®-based spreadsheet Template can be used for developing Generic Exposure Scenarios
(GESs). Table 1 provides a structured format for the standardized collection of use information (use
description) and associated typical operational conditions (OCs) and risk management measures (RMMs).
Table 2 provides the means to document the chemical safety assessment for each use, termed Contributing
Scenario, and to record the relevant RMMs required or recommended for the demonstration of safe use. These
are then captured in an Exposure Scenario narrative document for subsequent communication. The
combination of both Tables 1 and 2 support consistency and transparency in the development of sector-
specific GES for occupational exposure.

The Template will also help Lead Registrants to translate available sector-specific GES’s into substance-
specific exposure scenarios for occupational exposure. Therefore Lead Registrants are encouraged to use this
structured format within Consortia and SIEFs.

Additionally the Template can be used to support data transfer into certain IT systems. An example is given
how data elements (standard phrases) can be transferred into an extended safety data sheet structure.

This Template addresses GES development for occupational exposure. Templates for environmental and
consumer exposure are under separate development.

Contents
The worksheets contained in this excel file comprise:

1. Outline procedure - Using the Worker CSA Template (READ THIS FIRST before using the
Template)
2. Worker CSA Template (Tables 1 and 2 GES process)
2.a. Phrase Pick lists - list of phrases used in the pick lists contained in the Worker CSA Template
3. Worker - Example ES Annex (for use in communicating the ES Narrative)

Ref 1: Example GES Titles and associated use descriptor details
Ref 2: Example Standard Phrases for use in Exposure Scenario development
Ref 3: TRA Worker Exposure modifiers - summary of exposure modifiers built into the ECETOC TRA
and examples of supporting Risk Management Measure phrases

References:
Cefic guidance: Developing Generic Exposure Scenarios Under REACH, July 2009, Version 0
ECETOC Targeted Risk Assessment (TRA) Version 2 - http://www.ecetoc.org/tra
ECHA Guidance on CSA & IR, Part D Exposure Assessment Version 1 May 2008. Including draft updates for
Ref 12 Use Descriptor System (draft Version 2, Nov 2009) and Exposure Scenario Format (draft Version 2 ....
2009). Draft updates available from ECHA web site: http://guidance.echa.europa.eu/guidance4_en.htm




                                               0. Introduction and Contents                                    Page 2
                                                              06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls




Worksheet 1: Outline procedure for using the Worker CSA Template

step step description                                  remarks
1. For the selected substance/group of substances, map Review available Sector-specific mapping to support the
     the supply chain to compile an inventory of uses  process

a.   For a substance or group of substances with similar                   For example, working with inhouse knowledge and Downstream
     applications, map the supply chain to compile an inventory of         Users, the Solvents Manufacturers have grouped the main
     uses involving potential for worker exposure. Identify the            solvents applications into selected GES Titles, together with a
     relevant uses throughout the substance(s) life-cycle.                 scope statement on what is covered and the associated Use
                                                                           Descriptor. Refer to Worksheet titled 'Ref 1 Example GES Titles'
                                                                           for a list of the current GES Titles applied in the solvents sectors.
b.   Identify the available GESs for the substance(s) of interest.         For example, for the list of Solvents GES titles, review the details
     Select as appropriate to reflect the uses of the substance(s) of      and mark each title that is relevant. Columns are provided in the
     interest. If any of the GES titles contained in the example listing   'GES Titles' worksheet to identify those relevant and also to
     in Ref 1 is relevant, select the title(s) and allocate an ES#.        allocate an ES number (see columns G and H).

c.   Where relevant GES information is available from an industry          If no Sector Specific GES information is available on which to start
     Sector Group, obtain the details for the chosen uses and              building your CSA. The CSA may still be developed using Tables
     associated substance type, e.g. based on physchem                     1 and 2 of the worker template in liaison with Trade Associations
     characteristics (such as volatility or dustiness), and hazard         or selected key customers. See worksheet '2. 'Worker CSA'.
     (based on an indicative DNEL) and use as the basis for
     developing the substance CSA.
     Refine / transform selected Worker-GESs into                          Use the Template in Worksheet titled '2.Worker CSA
2.
     Substance-specific ESs                                                Template' to document the process
a.   Include substance specific information in the table at the top of     As shown in worksheet 2 - example adjustments are indicated
     the worksheet, including e.g. the substance name and                  in' red ' and the associated cells highlighted in 'blue'.
     properties (e.g. CASNR, volatility, dustiness). In addition,
     include the information for the relevant GES titles:                  See item 4 below for details on using the Standard Phrase pick
     1. GES#, 2. Processes, Tasks, Activities covered, 3. Use              lists.
     Descriptor details. In addition, relevant default Operational
     Conditions applicable to the Exposure Scenario may be added
     as standard phrases. An example selection is provided as a
     pick list.
b.   In Tables 1 and 2, include the information for the substance          Sector specific GES's are being developed in a number trade
     type from the sector-specific GESs, where available. First            associations. These are used as input to develop substance-
     complete Table 1 Mapping Uses in the Supply Chain (located            specific ES in this worksheet. Where trade associations use a
     on row 22) by adding:                                                 different format the Consortium/Lead Registrant ultimately decides
     - the ES-number in column 'A':                                        which format to use to facilitate documentation of the CSA and
     - the short title of the selected ES in column 'B'                    subsequent e-SDS development.
     - select the general Sector of Use in column 'C' (SU3 Industrial
     or SU22 Professional)
c.   Remove or add Contributing Scenarios (CS) as appropriate -            A list of standard phrases for Contributing Scenarios have been
     column 'D', 'E' and 'F' in Table 1.                                   developed by the Solvents Sector. By way of example, the current
     For each identified ES Title, list the uses identified as             list of CS phrases is included in Worksheet titled 'Ref 2 Ex
     'Contributing Scenarios' to describe the type of activity involving   Standard phrases', starting at line 7, and added to the Worker
     potential for exposure and associated typical Operational             CSA Template as a pick list for selection in the CS columns.
     Conditions (OCs) and Risk Management Measures (RMMs),
     adjust as appropriate. Each CS is mapped to a Process                 See item 4 below for details on using the Standard Phrase pick
     Category (PROC) considered appropriate. This is not an exact          lists.
     science and may require discussion with Downstream Users.

d.   Moving into Table 2 'Chemical Safety Assessment - evaluation The TRA exposure estimates may be extracted from the ECETOC
     of safe use', include the relevant ECETOC TRA exposure value TRA look up tables in the Worker Module, or the ECETOC TRA
     for inhalation (column L) and dermal (column T) for the           Technical Report No. 107 (soon available).
     associated PROC. Note for inhalation the estimates differ for
     industrial and professional uses. Also for inhalation, adjust the
     units in the column header to 'ppm' or 'mg/m3' as appropriate.

e.   Include the substance-specific Reference Values (DNELs) in            As shown in worksheet 2 (example adjustments are indicated
     the table provided at the top of the worksheet (see Cell 'F5').       in red ).
     Any existing Risk Characterisation Ratios (RCRs) will be              The recalculation of the RCR is automated in the worksheet.
     recalculated with the substance DNEL(s) - see columns 'AA',
     'AB', 'AC'.




                                                                            1. Outline procedure                                                   Page 3
                                                               06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls



f.   If the RCR < 1 select the appropriate RMM phrases to reflect          A list of standard phrases for RMMs has been developed by the
     the level of control represented by the relevant PROC, taking         Solvents Sector. By way of example the current list of phrases is
     account of typical RMMs applied. These should be selected to          included in worksheet: 'Ref 2 Ex Standard Phrases' divided
     populate column 'AD'.                                                 according to the control hierarchy of RMM type given in the e-SDS
                                                                           Annex (ECHA guidance Draft Part D). Scroll down the list to
                                                                           identify the relevant entries as follows:
                                                                           Technical measures to prevent release
                                                                           Technical measures to prevent dispersion
                                                                           Organisational measures
                                                                           Personal protection
                                                                           The list of example RMM standard phrases are included in pick
                                                                           down lists in the 'Worker CSA Template. These are divided by
                                                                           RMM type running horizontally from column ' AE '. When selected,
                                                                           these will automatically populate the Risk Management Measures
                                                                           column in Table 2 (Column ' AD' ). It is also possible to include
                                                                           recommended RMMs which are not required to support safe use,
                                                                           but which are considered good practice. In this case, the RMMs
                                                                           should be included in the cells running horizontally from column
                                                                           ' AM '. These phrases are contained between brackets to
                                                                           differentiate them from the phrases that are required. Note: the
                                                                           ultimate means of communication of these good practice phrases
                                                                           is a decision for individual companies.

                                                                           See item 4 below for details on using the Standard Phrase pick
                                                                           lists.
g.   If the RCR > 1 then refine TIER1 estimates (the relevant cells        See also worksheet titled 'Ref 3 TRA Worker exposure modifiers'.
     are automatically highlighted in pink). Proceed to add the            This includes the list of exposure modifiers that are integrated into
     exposure modifiers as appropriate for each Contributing               the ECETOC TRA at the Tier 1 level for inhalation and dermal.
     Scenario by selecting from the drop down lists. Review the            This worksheet also includes associated RMM phrases to support
     annotations linked to the column headings for further                 the communication of the identified RMM.
     explanation. The RCR will recalculate automatically. Adjust the
     RMM phrases accordingly to take account of the additional             To apply additional exposure modifiers with associated exposure
     measures identified. RMMs should be identified per                    reduction efficiencieis, it is necessary to identify supporting
     Contributing Scenario and will be transferred across to the e-        justification criteria and include details within the CSR. Summary
     SDS Annex for communication to Downstream Users (See Step             details may be included within Table 2 as free text within column
     3).                                                                   ' R ' for inhalation, and column ' Y ' for dermal.

                                                                           Refer also to step 2.f. for guidance on the inclusion of RMM
                                                                           phrases in the CSA Template.

h.   If RCR still >1 or OC's or RMMs are inappropriate for the use of The details of the TIER2 exposure assessments should be
     the substance than perform TIER2 exposure assessment,            documented in the CSR.
     recalculate RCRs and adjust RMMs accordingly
3.   Prepare substance-specific ES (eSDS for each                          Example given in Worksheet: 3. Worker - example ES
     substance)                                                            Annex
a.   Transfer the relevant information from Worksheet 2 'Worker            The use of the Exposure Scenario narrative is to:
     CSA' into an ES Format, example given in Worksheet 3 'Worker          1. Communicate / review with Consortia, DU organisation
     - example ES Annex' including:                                        2. To form the basis of the Annex to the e-SDS for customer
     1. Substance specific information                                     communication
     2. Operational Conditions
     3. Contributing Scenarios                                             The standard phrases used to populate the Worker CSA
     4. Risk Management Measures associated with each                      Template are automatically transferred across to populate the
     Contributing Scenario.                                                Worker ES Annex. For presentation purposes it may be
                                                                           appropriate to consolidate certain Contributing Scenarios and
                                                                           associated RMMs to avoid repetition. In this case, it is
                                                                           necessary to over-ride the functionality in the worksheet
                                                                           which may be done by creating a copy of the text and pasting
                                                                           using the 'values' only option under the 'paste special' excel
                                                                           cmnd. This may be done in a new worksheet to avoid losing
                                                                           the ES Annex template functionality for the generation of
                                                                           further Exposure Scenarios.
4    Using the Standard Phrase Pick Lists                                  Worksheet '2.a. Pick Lists'
     All the standard phrases currently included in the pick lists         The list of standard phrases contained in Worksheet 2a can be
     within the Worker CSA Template are contained in worksheet             customised by users to reflect the standard phrases relevant for
     '2.a. Pick Lists'. These comprise the list of phrases identified to   the development of their Exposure Scenarios. However, it is
     date by the Solvents Sector and included within the worksheet         recommended to utilise existing standard phrases where possible
     'Ref2 Ex Standard Phrases'.                                           and extend only by exception. Ultimately these standard phrases
                                                                           will require translation into all the European languages for use in
     Additional phrases may be added to the pick lists in worksheet        the extended-Safety Data Sheet.
     2.a. using normal excel rules. More than one phrase may be
     selected from each pick list for inclusion in the Worker
     Template by utilising the 'Cntrl M' function. Phrases may be
     deleted by highlighting the relevant value/text in the cell in the
     Worker Template and pressing 'Delete'.




                                                                            1. Outline procedure                                                   Page 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls




                                                                                           EXAMPLE (incomplete - for illustrative purposes only)
Worksheet 2. Worker Chemical Safety Assessment Template: Tables 1 and 2 - Worker Chemical Safety Assessment (CSA)
Example for Worker - based on Solvents sector information                                                     Please note comments included in cell annotations
                         Substance specific information
                         Substance                                        Substance A                         Reference Values
  N.B. Read
                         CASnr                                            123-45-678                          DNEL worker - inhalation (long term)                        10             ppm
  worksheet 1.                                                            25 hPA
                         Substance volatility:                                                                DNEL worker - inhalation (short term)                       20             ppm
  'Outline               TRA volatility range                             medium                              DNEL worker - dermal (long term)                            5            mg/kg/day
  Procedure'             physical property                                liquid
  before using this      ES#                                                              1                            2                         3                        4                   5                 6                     7              8             9                10           11         12         13
  Template.              Processes, tasks, activities covered             Manufacture of Substance A or
                                                                          use as an intermediate or process
                                                                                                              Formulation, packing
                                                                                                              and re-packing of
                                                                                                                                     Covers the industrial
                                                                                                                                     manufacture of polymers
                                                                                                                                                               Covers the industrial
                                                                                                                                                               use of Substance A as a
                                                                                                                                                                                       etc

                                                                          chemical or extraction agent.       Substance A …..        …..                       component of cleaning
                                                                          Includes recycling/ recovery,                                                        products including ……
                                                                          material transfers, storage,
                                                                          sampling, associated laboratory
                         Life Cycle Stage / Sector of Use                 Industrial (SU3, SU8, SU9)          Industrial (SU3,       Industrial (SU3, SU10)    Industrial (SU3)        etc
                                                                                                              SU10)
                         Applicable Use Descriptors (PROC or              PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,                PROC1, PROC2,          PROC1, PROC2,             PROC1, PROC2,           etc
                                                                          PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b,              PROC3, PROC4,          PROC3, PROC4,             PROC3, PROC4,
                         PC)                                              PROC15                              PROC5, PROC8a,         PROC5, PROC6,             PROC7, PROC8a,
                                                                                                              PROC8b, PROC9,         PROC8a, PROC8b,           PROC8b, PROC10,
                                                                                                              PROC14, PROC15         PROC14, PROC21            PROC13




                         Applicable Use Descriptors (ERC or               ERC1                                ERC2                   ERC 3                     ERC4                    etc

                         SpERC)
                         Default Operational Conditions
                         concentration of substance in product            Covers percentage substance in the product up to 100 % (unless stated differently) [G13].
                         physical form of product                         Liquid, vapour pressure 0.5 - 10 kPa [OC4].                                                                                 To Make Multiple Entries in a cell:
                         frequency and duration of use                    Covers daily exposures up to 8 hours (unless stated differently) [G2]                                                      1. Select the cell, then
                                                                          Assumes use at not > 20oC above ambient [G15];                                                                             2. Press 'Ctrl'+'m'
                         other Operational Conditions of use
                                                                                                                                                                                                     To delete entries, highlight the value/text
                                                                          Assumes a good basic standard of occupational hygiene is implemented [G1].
                                                                                                                                                                                                     in the cell and press 'Delete'




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 THE PHRASES INCLUDED IN THE DROP DOWN LISTS REFLECT THE CURRENT STATUS OF WORK CARRIED OUT FOR THE SOLVENTS INDUSTRY ORGANIZED THROUGH ESIG/ESVOC. THESE PHRASES CLEARLY DO NOT CAPTURE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ALL ACTIVITIES FOR ALL INDUSTRY SECTORS. OTHER SECTORS WILL NEED TO DEVELOP THEIR OWN PHRASE LIBRARIES. THE BUSINESS EUROPE REACH IMPLEMENTATION NETWORK SUPPORTS THE DEVELOPMENT OF A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 EUROPEAN STANDARD PHRASE CATALOGUE THAT WILL INCLUDE EXPOSURE SCENARIO PHRASE LIBRARIES. (http://reach.bdi.info/378.htm)
        Table 1: Mapping Uses in the Supply Chain                                                                                                                                                                                Table 2: Characterising the Risk - Chemical Safety Assessment - Evaluation of Safe Use
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                DNEL = 10 ppm

                                                                                                                                       Typical Mapped
            Generic Exposure Scenario                                   Contributing Scenarios                                           Operating                 Typical Mapped RMMs                                           Inhalatory exposure                                                                                                                   Dermal exposure                                                                                                        Risk Characterization                                    Risk Management Measures (RMMs)
                                                                                                                                         Conditions                                                      Use Descriptor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TRA Predicted    TRA Dermal                                    extra                               Predicted Dermal                                                 RMMs for communication - Consolidate into GES or e-SDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Dermal exposure    exposure                                   exposure                                  Exposure
                         Life Cycle Stage /                                                                      CS further                                                                                                      TRA Predicted                   Dilution                                             Extra                               Predicted                                                                                                                                                                                REACH ADVISED: phrase [RMM code]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 TRA LEV :                         TRA           TRA                             Free text - comment to                 (mg/kg/d) - no       LEV          TRA                        modifier:    Free text - comment to      (mg/kg/d) -
                                                                              supporting phrase                                                                                            LEV      Process Category [scroll      Exposure -                   ventilation                                TRA RPE   exposure                              Exposure -                                                                                                                              RCR           RCR          RCR                   Recommended: {phrase [RMM code].}
 ES #      Short Title        Area of                     Title                                                 specification                [free text]             [free text]         (Yes/No]                                   (ppm) -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 efficiency
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              effectiveness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               concentration   duration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           factor   modifier:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    clarify additional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (ppm) -        modifiers       reduction   concentration    PPE factor    [optional]      clarify additional        modified
                                                                                  [optional]                                                                                                                 list]                                   (%)                          factor        factor                            modifier (inhalation)                                     factor       factor                                     modifier (dermal)                         (inhalation)    (dermal)   (all routes)
                            Application                                                                          [free text]                                                                                                     no modifiers                      (%)                                              [optional]                            modified


        Manufacture of     Industrial -SU3       General exposures            Continuous process                                     Continuous           Closed processes                   Yes    1 - Use in closed process,       0.01                                                                                                                   0.01            0.34                                                                                                0.34               0.0          0.1         0.07        Handle substance within a closed system [E47].{Drain down and
        Substance A                                   [CS1].                        [CS54].                                          process; daily; 15 -                                           no likelihood of exposure                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           flush system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance
                                                                                                                                     1 hour (time on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    [E55]}.{Clear spills immediately [C&H13]}. {Retain drain downs in
 ES#1
                                                                                                                                     plant); ambient                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sealed storage pending disposal or for subsequent recycle
                                                                                                                                     temp.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              [ENVT4]}.

                           Industrial -SU3       General exposures            Continuous process                With sample Continuous; daily;                 Enclosed process;             No     2 - Use in closed process,        10            90                                                                                                      1.00            1.37            0.1                                                                                 0.14               0.1          0.0         0.13        Handle substance within a closed system [E47].Ensure material
                                                      [CS1].                        [CS54].                   collection [CS56] 15 mins - 1 hour               Outside location;                    no likelihood of exposure                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E66]. {Wear
                                                                                                                                (time on plant)                closed/semi-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             suitable gloves tested to EN374 [PPE15]}.
                                                                                                                                                               closed sampling
                                                                                                                                                               point
                           Industrial -SU3       General exposures          Use in contained batch                                   Batch process;            Closed equipment,             Yes    3 - Use in closed batch           25            90                                                                                                      2.50            0.34            0.1                                                                                 0.03               0.3          0.0         0.26        Handle substance within a closed system [E47].Ensure material
                                                      [CS1].                 processes [CS37]. ;                                     daily; 15 - 1 hour;       enclosed or vented                   process (synthesis or                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E66].
                                                                            With sample collection                                   ambient temp.             sampling points                      formulation)
                                                                                    [CS56].

                           Industrial -SU3    Process sampling [CS2].                                                                Daily; <15 mins;          Closed or                     Yes    3 - Use in closed batch           25            90                                                                                                      2.50            0.34            0.1                                                                                 0.03               0.3          0.0         0.26        Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract
                                                                                                                                     ambient temp.             ventilated                           process (synthesis or                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ventilation [E66].
                                                                                                                                                               sampling points.                     formulation)
                                                                                                                                                               PPE

                           Industrial -SU3     Bulk transfers [CS14].              Internal [CS59].                                  Daily; 15 - 1 hour;       Enclosed                      Yes    8b -Transfer of chemicals         50            97                                                                                                      1.50            6.86            0.1                                                                                 0.69               0.2          0.1         0.29        Handle substance within a closed system [E47].Provide extract
                                                                                                                                     ambient temp.             transfers, clear                     from/to vessels/ large                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ventilation to points where emissions occur [E54].
                                                                                                                                                               lines prior to                       containers at dedicated
                                                                                                                                                               decoupling. PPE                      facilities

                           Industrial -SU3    Equipment cleaning and                                                                 Daily; 15 min - 1         Enclosed lines;               Yes    8a -Transfer of chemicals         50                                                                                                                   50.00           13.71                                      gloves-basic                                              1.37               5.0          0.3         5.27        Provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (5 to 15
                                               maintenance [CS39].                                                                   hour; ambient             retain wash down                     from/to vessels/ large                                                                                                                                                                                               training                                                                                                       air changes per hour) [E40].Wear chemically resistant gloves
                                                                                                                                     temp; collection of       in sealed storage                    containers at non                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (tested to EN374) in combination with ‘basic’ employee training
                                                                                                                                     line waste in             pending disposal                     dedicated facilities                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                [PPE16].
                                                                                                                                     container                 or use as recycled
                                                                                                                                                               material for
                                                                                                                                                               subsequent
                                                                                                                                                               formulation. PPE.
                           Industrial -SU3     Bulk transfers [CS14].          Transport [CS58].                                     Daily; 15 min - 1         Enclosed                      No     8b -Transfer of chemicals         50            97                                                                                                      1.50            6.86            0.1                                                                                 0.69               0.2          0.1         0.29        Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract
                                                                                                                                     hour; ambient             transfers, vented                    from/to vessels/ large                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ventilation [E76].
                                                                                                                                     temp;                     transfer points;                     containers at dedicated
                                                                                                                                                               clear lines prior to                 facilities
                                                                                                                                                               decoupling


                           Industrial -SU3      Laboratory activities                                                                Daily; 15 min - 1         Extract ventilation           Yes    15 - Use of laboratory            10            90                                                                                                      1.00            0.34            0.1                                                                                 0.03               0.1          0.0         0.11        Handle in a fume cupboard or under extract ventilation [E83].
                                                     [CS36].                                                                         hour; ambient             or vented booth                      reagents in small scale
                                                                                                                                     temp;                                                          laboratories




                               EXAMPLE (incomplete, for illustrative purposes only)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2. Worker CSA Template                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Page 5
                                                                          06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls




   This worksheet includes the pick lists of Standard Phrases incorporated within worksheet 2.'Worker CSA Template'.
   These lists comprise the example standard phrases included within Ref 2 of this Template. They may be customised by
   users to reflect the standard phrases relevant for the development of their Exposure Scenarios. It is recommended to
   utilise existing standard phrases where possible and extend only by exception.


concentration in product          physical form product              frequency/duration of use              other Operational Conditions of use                Contributing Scenarios



Covers percentage substance in    Liquid, vapour pressure < 0.5      Covers daily exposures up to 8 hours   Assumes a good basic standard of occupational      General exposures [CS1].
the product up to 1 % [G7].       kPa [OC3].                         (unless stated differently) [[G2].     hygiene is implemented [G1].




Covers percentage substance in    Liquid, vapour pressure 0.5 - 10   Covers frequency up to: weekly use     Assumes use at not more than 20°C above ambient Process sampling [CS2].
the product up to 5% [G11].       kPa [OC4].                         [G3].                                  temperature [G15].




Covers percentage substance in    Liquid, vapour pressure > 10 kPa Covers frequency up to: monthly use      Assumes activities are at ambient temperature      Material transfers [CS3].
the product up to 25 % [G12].     [OC5].                           [G4].                                    (unless stated differently) [G17].

Covers percentage substance in    Solid, low dustiness [OC1].        Covers frequency up to: daily yearly   Operation is carried out at elevated temperature (> Dipping, immersion and pouring [CS4].
the product up to 100 % (unless                                      use [G5].                              20°C above ambient temperature) [OC7].
stated differently) [G13].

                                  Solid, medium dustiness [OC2].     Covers frequency up to: daily use,     Indoor [OC8].                                      Equipment maintenance [CS5].
                                                                     weekly, monthly, yearly. [G6].



                                  Solid, high dustiness [OC6].                                              Outdoor [OC9].                                     Drum and small package filling [CS6].




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concentration in product   physical form product             frequency/duration of use     other Operational Conditions of use               Contributing Scenarios

                           Liquid, vapour pressure < 10 Pa                                 Varies between milliliters (sampling) and cubic   Small package filling [CS7].
                           [OC14].                                                         meters (material transfers) [OC13].




                           Liquid, vapour pressure > 10 Pa                                 Aerosol generation due to elevated process        Drum/batch transfers [CS8].
                           [OC15].                                                         temperature [OC25].



                                                                                                                                             Pouring from small containers [CS9].




                                                                                                                                             Spraying [CS10].



                                                                                                                                             Printing [CS11].




                                                                                                                                             Drying and storage [CS12].



                                                                                                                                             Bulk transfers [CS14].




                                                                                                                                             General exposures (closed systems)
                                                                                                                                             [CS15].



                                                                                                                                             General exposures (open systems)
                                                                                                                                             [CS16].




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concentration in product   physical form product   frequency/duration of use     other Operational Conditions of use   Contributing Scenarios

                                                                                                                       Operation and lubrication of high energy
                                                                                                                       open equipment [CS17].



                                                                                                                       Maintenance of small items [CS18].




                                                                                                                       Remanufacture of reject articles [CS19].



                                                                                                                       Engine lubricant service [CS20].



                                                                                                                       Operation of total loss equipment and
                                                                                                                       systems [CS21].

                                                                                                                       Transfer from/pouring from containers
                                                                                                                       [CS22].

                                                                                                                       Spraying/fogging by manual application
                                                                                                                       [CS24].



                                                                                                                       Spraying/fogging by machine
                                                                                                                       application [CS25].



                                                                                                                       Ad hoc manual application via trigger
                                                                                                                       sprays, dipping, etc. [CS27].



                                                                                                                       Disposal of wastes [CS28].




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concentration in product   physical form product   frequency/duration of use     other Operational Conditions of use   Contributing Scenarios

                                                                                                                       Mixing operations (closed systems)
                                                                                                                       [CS29].



                                                                                                                       Mixing operations (open systems)
                                                                                                                       [CS30].



                                                                                                                       Mold forming [CS31].




                                                                                                                       Casting operations [CS32].




                                                                                                                       Machine [CS33].




                                                                                                                       Manual [CS34].




                                                                                                                       Treatment by dipping and pouring
                                                                                                                       [CS35].

                                                                                                                       Laboratory activities [CS36].



                                                                                                                       Use in contained batch processes
                                                                                                                       [CS37].

                                                                                                                       Use in contained systems [CS38].




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concentration in product   physical form product   frequency/duration of use     other Operational Conditions of use   Contributing Scenarios

                                                                                                                       Equipment cleaning and maintenance
                                                                                                                       [CS39].
                                                                                                                       Vapour degreasing bath [CS40].
                                                                                                                       Degreasing small objects in cleaning
                                                                                                                       station [CS41].
                                                                                                                       Cleaning with low-pressure washers
                                                                                                                       [CS42].
                                                                                                                       On site [CS43].
                                                                                                                       Cleaning with high pressure washers
                                                                                                                       [CS44].
                                                                                                                       Filling / preparation of equipment from
                                                                                                                       drums or containers. [CS45].
                                                                                                                       Large surfaces [CS46].
                                                                                                                       Cleaning [CS47].
                                                                                                                       Surfaces [CS48].
                                                                                                                       Spray Bottle [CS49].
                                                                                                                       Wiping [CS50].
                                                                                                                       Rolling, Brushing [CS51].
                                                                                                                       Manual spot cleaning (e.g. textiles etc)
                                                                                                                       [CS52].
                                                                                                                       Pelletizing [CS53].
                                                                                                                       Continuous process [CS54].
                                                                                                                       Batch process [CS55].
                                                                                                                       With sample collection [CS56].
                                                                                                                       No sampling [CS57].
                                                                                                                       Transport [CS58].
                                                                                                                       Internal [CS59].
                                                                                                                       No spraying [CS60].
                                                                                                                       Small scale [CS61].
                                                                                                                       Heating oil and diesel deliveries [CS62].

                                                                                                                       Vessel / container [CS63].
                                                                                                                       Calendering (including Banburys)
                                                                                                                       [CS64]
                                                                                                                       Polymerisation (bulk and batch) [CS65]

                                                                                                                       Intermediate polymer storage [CS66]




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concentration in product   physical form product   frequency/duration of use     other Operational Conditions of use   Contributing Scenarios

                                                                                                                       Pelletisation and pellet screening
                                                                                                                       [CS68]
                                                                                                                       Additivation and stabilisation [CS69]
                                                                                                                       Vulcanisation [CS70]
                                                                                                                       Cooling cured articles [CS71]
                                                                                                                       Hand application - fingerpaints, pastels,
                                                                                                                       adhesives [CS72]
                                                                                                                       Pressing uncured rubber blanks [CS73]

                                                                                                                       Cleaning of medical devices [CS74]
                                                                                                                       Initial factory fill of equipment [CS75]

                                                                                                                       Semi Automated process. (e.g.: Semi
                                                                                                                       automatic application of floor care and
                                                                                                                       maintenance products) [CS76]

                                                                                                                       Maintenance (of larger plant items) and
                                                                                                                       machine set up [CS77]
                                                                                                                       Engine lubricant service [CS78]
                                                                                                                       Metal machining operations [CS79]
                                                                                                                       Automated metal rolling/forming [CS80]

                                                                                                                       Dedicated facility [CS81]
                                                                                                                       Non-dedicated facility [CS82]
                                                                                                                       Semi-automated metal rolling/forming
                                                                                                                       [CS83]
                                                                                                                       Filling of articles/equipment [CS84]
                                                                                                                       Bulk product storage [CS85]
                                                                                                                       Rework of articles [CS86]
                                                                                                                       Polyol processes [CS87]
                                                                                                                       Extrusion and masterbatching [CS88]

                                                                                                                       Injection moulding of articles [CS89]
                                                                                                                       Small scale weighing [CS90]
                                                                                                                       Bulk weighing [CS91]
                                                                                                                       Additive premixing [CS92]
                                                                                                                       Automated process with (semi) closed
                                                                                                                       systems [CS93]




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concentration in product   physical form product   frequency/duration of use     other Operational Conditions of use   Contributing Scenarios

                                                                                                                       Film formation - force drying (50 -
                                                                                                                       100°C). Stoving (>100°C). UV/EB
                                                                                                                       radiation curing [CS94]
                                                                                                                       Film formation - air drying [CS95]
                                                                                                                       Preparation of material for application
                                                                                                                       [CS96]
                                                                                                                       Spraying (automatic/robotic) [CS97]
                                                                                                                       Roller, spreader, flow application
                                                                                                                       [CS98]
                                                                                                                       Production or preparation or articles by
                                                                                                                       tabletting, compression, extrusion or
                                                                                                                       pelletisation [CS100]
                                                                                                                       Application of cleaning products in
                                                                                                                       closed systems [CS101]
                                                                                                                       Finishing operations [CS102]
                                                                                                                       Vessel and container cleaning [CS103]

                                                                                                                       Maintenance and machine set up
                                                                                                                       [CS104]
                                                                                                                       Ion exchange processes [CS105]
                                                                                                                       phase separation [CS106]
                                                                                                                       (closed systems) [CS107]
                                                                                                                       (open systems) [CS108]
                                                                                                                       Tyre build up [CS112].
                                                                                                                       Production of articles by dipping and
                                                                                                                       pouring [CS113].
                                                                                                                       Bulk transfers from tote tanks and
                                                                                                                       supply vessels [CS114]
                                                                                                                       Drilling mud (re-)formulation [CS115]
                                                                                                                       Drill floor operations [CS116]
                                                                                                                       Operation of solids filtering equipment
                                                                                                                       [CS117]
                                                                                                                       Operation of solids filtering equipment -
                                                                                                                       vapour exposures [CS118]

                                                                                                                       Operation of solids filtering equipment -
                                                                                                                       aerosol exposures [CS119]




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concentration in product   physical form product   frequency/duration of use     other Operational Conditions of use   Contributing Scenarios

                                                                                                                       Cleaning of solids filtering equipment
                                                                                                                       [CS120]
                                                                                                                       Treatment and disposal of filtered solids
                                                                                                                       [CS121]
                                                                                                                       Extrusion and expansion of polymer
                                                                                                                       mass [CS122].
                                                                                                                       Collection and re-processing of
                                                                                                                       shavings, cuttings, etc [CS123].
                                                                                                                       Product packaging [CS124].
                                                                                                                       Production of foam-based objects
                                                                                                                       [CS125].
                                                                                                                       Installation of insulation panels
                                                                                                                       [CS126].
                                                                                                                       Centrifuging including discharging
                                                                                                                       [CS127].
                                                                                                                       Semi-bulk packaging [CS128].
                                                                                                                       Treatment by heating [CS129].
                                                                                                                       Article formation in mould [CS130].
                                                                                                                       Cutting by heated wire [CS131].
                                                                                                                       Foaming [CS132].
                                                                                                                       Compression [CS133].
                                                                                                                       Cutting and shaving [CS134].
                                                                                                                       General risk management measures
                                                                                                                       applicable to all activities [CS135].
                                                                                                                       Batch processes at elevated
                                                                                                                       temperatures [CS136].




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                                  ADVISED MEASURES




Process Category                  Technical measures (prevention)                   Technical measures (dispersion)                    Organisational measures                    Duration



1 - Use in closed process, no     Limit the substance content in the product to 1% Provide a good standard of general ventilation.     If technical measures not practical:       Avoid carrying out operation for
likelihood of exposure            [OC16].                                          Natural ventilation is from windows and doors       [G16].                                     more than 15 minutes [OC10]
                                                                                   etc. Controlled ventilation means air is supplied
                                                                                   or removed by a powered fan. [E1].


2 - Use in closed, continuous      Limit the substance content in the product to 5% Ensure that enough fresh air is supplied to dilute Put lids on containers immediately after   Avoid carrying out operation for
process with occasional controlled [OC17].                                          and remove dusts, fumes or vapours. Between 5 use [E9].                                       more than 1 hour [OC11]
exposure                                                                            and 15 air changes per hour are recommended,
                                                                                    with a through draught. [E5].


3 - Use in closed batch process   Limit the substance content in the product to     Provide a good standard of general or controlled Label feed lines E23].                       Avoid carrying out operation for
(synthesis or formulation)        25% [OC18].                                       ventilation (5 to 15 air changes per hour) [E40].                                             more than 4 hours [OC12]

4 - Use in batch and other process Limit the substance in product to 10% [OC19].    Provide enhanced mechanical ventilation by         Carefully pour from containers [E62].      Avoid carrying out operation for
(synthesis) where opportunity for                                                   mechanical means [E48].                                                                       more than 0.5 hour [OC23]
exposure arises

5 -Mixing or blending in batch    Limit the substance in product to 15% [OC20].     Use long handled tools where possible [E50].       Segregate the activity away from other     Avoid carrying out operation for
processes (multistage and/or                                                                                                           operations [E63].                          more than 2 hours [OC24]
significant contact)

6 -Calendering operations         Limit the substance in product to 20% [OC21].     Provide extract ventilation to points where        Ensure doors and windows are opened
                                                                                    emissions occur [E54].                             [E72].




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Process Category                   Technical measures (prevention)                     Technical measures (dispersion)                   Organisational measures                      Duration

7 -Industrial spraying             Limit the substance content in the mixture to       Use ventilation to extract vapours from freshly   Ensure the ventilation system is regularly
                                   50% [OC22].                                         coated articles/objects [E56].                    maintained and tested [E74].




8a -Transfer of chemicals from/to Clear transfer lines prior to de-coupling [E39].     Carry out in a vented booth or extracted          Clean equipment and the work area
vessels/ large containers at non                                                       enclosure [E57].                                  every day [C&H3].
dedicated facilities

8b -Transfer of chemicals from/to Use in semi-automated and predominantly              Use long handled brushes and rollers where        Dispose of empty containers and wastes
vessels/ large containers at      enclosed filling lines [E41].                        possible. [E58].                                  safely [C&H8].
dedicated facilities

9 -Transfer of chemicals into small Avoid dip sampling. [E42].                         Carry out in a vented booth provided with         Dispose of waste in accordance with
containers (dedicated filling line)                                                    laminar airflow [E59].                            environmental legislation [C&H11].

10 - Roller application or brushing Use bulk or semi-bulk handling systems [E43].      Minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the     Clear spills immediately [C&H13].
                                                                                       operation or equipment and provide extract
                                                                                       ventilation at openings [E60].

11 - Non industrial spraying       Discharge sacks via suitable vented charge          Minimise exposure by extracted full enclosure     Contain and dispose of waste according
                                   chute [E44].                                        for the operation or equipment [E61].             to local regulations [C&H14].

12 - Use of blow agents for foam   Transfer materials directly to mixing vessels       Ensure material transfers are under containment Avoid splashing [C&H15].
production                         [E45].                                              or extract ventilation [E66].




13 -Treatment of articles by       Formulate in enclosed or ventilated mixing          Provide extract ventilation to emission points  Avoid spillage when withdrawing pump
dipping and pouring                vessels [E46].                                      when contact with warm (>50 deg C) lubricant is [C&H16].
                                                                                       likely [E67].

14 - Production of preparations or Handle substance within a closed system [E47]. Ensure operation is undertaken outdoors [E69].         Handle all packages and containers
articles by tabletting,                                                                                                                  carefully to minimise spills [EI1].
compression, extrusion,
pelletisation




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Process Category                  Technical measures (prevention)                   Technical measures (dispersion)                    Organisational measures                    Duration

15 - Use of laboratory reagents in Handle substance within a predominantly closed Apply within a vented cab supplied with filtered Clear up spills immediately and dispose
small scale laboratories           system provided with extract ventilation [E49]. air under positive pressure and with a protection of waste safely [EI9].
                                                                                   factor of >20 [E70].

16 - Using material as fuel     Fill containers/cans at dedicated fill points       Provide the operation with a properly sited        Avoid manual contact with wet work
sources, limited exposure to    supplied with local extract ventilation [E51]       receiving hood [E71].                              pieces [EI17].
unburned product to be expected

17 - Lubrication at high energy   Transfer via enclosed lines [E52].                Ensure material transfers are under containment No specific measures identified [EI18].
conditions and in partly open                                                       or extract ventilation [E76].
process
18 - Greasing at high energy      Use drum pumps [E53].                             Drain or remove substance from equipment prior Ensure operatives are trained to
conditions                                                                          to break-in or maintenance [E81].              minimise exposures [EI119].

19 - Hand-mixing with intimate    Drain down and flush system prior to equipment    Provide extract ventilation to material transfer   No other specific measures identified
contact (only PPE available       break-in or maintenance [E55].                    points and other openings [E82].                   [EI20].

20 - Heat and pressure transfer   Use drum pumps or carefully pour from container Handle in a fume cupboard or under extract           Allow time for product to drain from
fluids (closed systems) in        [E64].                                          ventilation [E83].                                   workpiece [EI21].
dispersive use
21 - Low energy manipulation of   Drain down system prior to equipment break-in     Store substance within a closed system [E84].      Stay upwind/keep distance from source
substances bound in materials     or maintenance [E65].                                                                                [EI22].
and/or articles

22a - Potentially closed operations Restrict area of openings to equipment [E68].   Use dedicated equipment [E85].                     Apply vessel entry procedures including
with minerals at elevated                                                                                                              use of forced supplied air [AP15].
temperature - pt<mp - Low
Fugacity
22b - Potentially closed            Use dry break couplings for material transfer   Use high-performance fume cupboard [E86].          Automate activity where possible [AP16].
operations with minerals at         [E75].
elevated temperature - pt ≈ mp -
Med Fugacity
22c - Potentially closed operations
with minerals at elevated
temperature - pt > mp - High
Fugacity




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Process Category                      Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)        Organisational measures   Duration

23a - Open processing and
transfer of minerals at elevated
temperature - pt<mp - Low
Fugacity
23b - Open processing and
transfer of minerals at elevated
temperature - pt ≈ mp - Med
Fugacity
23c - Open processing and
transfer of minerals at elevated
temperature - pt > mp - High
Fugacity
24a - High (mechanical) energy
work-up of substances bound in
materials and/or articles - pt<mp -
Low Fugacity

24b - High (mechanical) energy
work-up of substances bound in
materials and/or articles - pt ≈ mp
- Med Fugacity

24c - High (mechanical) energy
work-up of substances bound in
materials and/or articles - pt >
mp - High Fugacity

25a - Hot work operations with
metals - pt<mp - Low Fugacity

25b - Hot work operations with
metals - pt ≈ mp - Med Fugacity

25c - Hot work operations with
metals - pt > mp - High Fugacity




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Process Category   Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)        Organisational measures   Duration




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Process Category   Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)        Organisational measures   Duration




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Process Category   Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)        Organisational measures   Duration




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Process Category   Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)        Organisational measures   Duration




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                                                                                             RECOMMENDED MEASURES




Personal protection                         Environmental measures                           Technical measures (prevention)                    Technical measures (dispersion)



Use suitable eye protection and gloves      Retain drain downs in sealed storage pending     {Limit the substance in product to 1 % [OC16]}.   {Provide a good standard of general ventilation.
[PPE14].                                    disposal or for subsequent recycle [ENVT4].                                                        Natural ventilation is from doors, windows etc.
                                                                                                                                               Controlled ventilation means air is supplied or
                                                                                                                                               removed by a powered fan [E1]}.


Wear suitable gloves tested to EN374        Return IBCs to supplier [ENVT6].                 {Limit the substance in product to 5 % [OC17]}.   {Ensure that enough fresh air is supplied to
[PPE15].                                                                                                                                       dilute and remove dusts, fumes or vapours.
                                                                                                                                               Between 5 and 15 air changes per hour are
                                                                                                                                               recommended, with a through draught. [E5]}.


Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested to Return IBCs or tanks to supplier for re-use      {Limit the substance content in the product to 25 {Provide a good standard of general or
EN374) in combination with ‘basic’          [ENVT7].                                         % [OC18]}.                                        controlled ventilation (5 to 10 air changes per
employee training [PPE16].                                                                                                                     hour) [E40]}.
Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested to All waste product is assumed to be collected and {Limit the substance in product to 10 % [OC19]}. {Provide enhanced mechanical ventilation by
EN374) in combination with specific activity returned for re-processing or use as a fuel                                                      mechanical means [E48].}
training [PPE17].                            [ENVT8].

Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested to User sites are assumed to be provided with       {Limit the substance in product to 15 % [OC20]}. {Use long handled tools where possible [E50]}.
EN374) in combination with intensive        oil/water separators and for waste water to be
management supervision controls             discharged via public sewer system [ENVT9].
[PPE18].
Wear suitable gloves (tested to EN374)      Dispose of waste or used sacks/containers        {Limit the substance in product to 20 % [OC21]}. {Provide extract ventilation to points where
and eye protection [PPE19].                 according to local regulations [ENVT10].                                                          emissions occur [E54]}.




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Personal protection                           Environmental measures                            Technical measures (prevention)                      Technical measures (dispersion)

Wear suitable respiratory protection          Dispose of waste product or used containers       {Limit the substance in product to 50% [OC22]}.      {Use ventilation to extract vapours from freshly
(conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or    according to local regulations [ENVT12].                                                               coated articles/objects [E56]}.
better) and gloves (type EN374) if regular
skin contact likely. [PPE21]


Wear a respirator conforming to EN140         Clean IBCs or drums at approved facility          {Clear transfer lines prior to de-coupling [E39]}.   {Carry out in a vented booth or extracted
with Type A filter or better. [PPE22]         [ENVT14].                                                                                              enclosure [E57]}.



Wear suitable gloves (type EN374),            User site assumed to be separate chemical and     {Use in semi-automated and predominantly             {Use long handled brushes and rollers where
coverall and eye protection. [PPE23]          foul/rain water and be equipped with a WWTP       enclosed filling lines [E41]}.                       possible. [E58]}.
                                              [ENVT15].

Wear a full face respirator conforming to   Do not wash equipment or storage containers         {Avoid dip sampling [E42]}.                          {Carry out in a vented booth provided with
EN140 with Type A filter or better. [PPE24] [ENVT16].                                                                                                laminar airflow [E59]}.

Change filter cartridge on respirator daily   Remotely vent displaced vapours [ENVT17].         {Use bulk or semi-bulk handling systems [E43]}. {Minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the
[PPE25]                                                                                                                                         operation or equipment and provide extract
                                                                                                                                                ventilation at openings (professional use) [E60]}.

Use suitable eye protection [PPE26].          Additive package assumed to be blended direct     {Discharge sacks via suitable vented charge          {Minimise exposure by extracted full enclosure
                                              to lubricant with no process steps [ENVT20].      chute [E44]}.                                        for the operation or equipment [E61]}.

Wear suitable coveralls to prevent            All contaminated waste water must be processed {Transfer materials directly to mixing vessels          {Ensure material transfers are under
exposure to the skin [PPE27].                 in an industrial or municipal wastewater treatment [E45]}.                                             containment or extract ventilation [E66]}.
                                              plant that incorporates both primary and
                                              secondary treatments [W1].


Wear rubber boots [PPE28]                     Site should have a spill plan to ensure that     {Formulate in enclosed or ventilated mixing           {Provide extract ventilation to emission points
                                              adequate safeguards are in place to minimize the vessels [E46]}.                                       when contact with warm (>50oC) lubricant is
                                              impact of episodic releases [W2].                                                                      likely [E67]}.

Wear a respirator conforming to EN140         A leak prevention plan is needed to prevent low   {Handle substance within a closed system             {Ensure operation is undertaken outdoors [E69]}.
with Type A/P2 filter or better {PPE29]       level continual releases [W3].                    [E47]}.




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Personal protection                         Environmental measures                             Technical measures (prevention)                   Technical measures (dispersion)

If above technical/organisational control   A storm water management plan is needed to        {Handle substance within a predominantly closed {Apply within a vented cab supplied with filtered
measures are not feasible, then adopt       ensure that the wastewater treatment plant is not system provided with extract ventilation [E49]}. air under positive pressure and with a protection
following PPE: [PPE30].                     overloaded with uncontaminated water [W4].                                                         factor of >20 [E70]}.

Wear positive pressure air supplied         Minimize water use and curtail all unnecessary    {Fill containers/cans at dedicated fill points     {Provide the operation with a properly sited
respirator if required by safe entry        waste water generation [W5].                      supplied with local extract ventilation [E51]}.    receiving hood [E71]}.
procedures [PPE31].

Wear a full face respirator conforming to   Ensure all waste water is collected and treated   {Transfer via enclosed lines [E52]}.               {Ensure material transfers are under
EN140 with Type A/P2 filter or better       via a WWTP [W6].                                                                                     containment or extract ventilation [E76]}.
[PPE32].
                                            Contain and treat vapors from stripping           {Use drum pumps [E53]}.                            {Drain or remove substance from equipment
                                            operations [W7].                                                                                     prior to break-in or maintenance [E81]}.

                                            Do not wash equipment or storage containers       {Drain down and flush system prior to equipment {Provide extract ventilation to material transfer
                                            [W8].                                             break-in or maintenance [E55]}.                 points and other openings [E82]}.

                                            Maximize waste water reuse [W9].                  {Use drum pumps or carefully pour from             {Handle in a fume cupboard or under extract
                                                                                              container [E64]}.                                  ventilation [E83]}.

                                            Adequate closed storage facilities (e.g., bulk    {Drain down system prior to equipment break-in     {Store substance within a closed system [E84]}.
                                            storage tanks, intermediate bulk containers,      or maintenance [E65]}.
                                            drums) for VOC-containing raw materials [A1].

                                            Use of closed transfers of liquids from storage to {Restrict area of openings to equipment [E68]}.   {Use dedicated equipment [E85]}.
                                            production equipment (e.g. metered piped or
                                            pumped additions) [A2].

                                            Use of closed production equipment, with no       {Use dry break couplings for material transfer     {Use high-performance fume cupboard [E86]}.
                                            extraction, except when opening vessels for       [E75]}.
                                            additions/sampling [A3].

                                            Use of closed filling equipment [A4].




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Personal protection   Environmental measures                                Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)

                      Store finished products in closed containers (e.g.,
                      bulk tanks,, drums, cans) [A5].



                      Store all VOC-containing wastes in closed,
                      secure containers (e.g., bulk tanks, intermediate
                      bulk containers, drums) [A6].

                      Use vapour recovery units when necessary [A7].




                      Incinerate, absorb, or adsorb vapours stripped
                      from solution whenever necessary [A8].




                      All waste product is assumed to be collected and
                      returned for re-processing or use as a fuel [A9].




                      Formulation activity is assumed to be a
                      predominantly enclosed process [A10].




                      Dispose of waste or used sacks/containers
                      according to local regulations [S2].

                      Good housekeeping- e.g. inspection procedures
                      will ensure that there are no leaks to soil [S3].

                      Prevent leaks and prevent soil / water pollution
                      caused by leaks [S4].

                      Bund storage facilities to prevent soil and water
                      pollution in the event of spillage [S5].




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Personal protection   Environmental measures            Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)




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Personal protection   Environmental measures            Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)




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Personal protection   Environmental measures            Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)




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Personal protection   Environmental measures            Technical measures (prevention)   Technical measures (dispersion)




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Organisational measures                   Duration                     Personal protection                          Environmental measures



{If technical measures not practical:     {Avoid carrying out operation {Use suitable eye protection and gloves     {Retain drain downs in sealed storage pending
[G16]}.                                   for more than 15 minutes      [PPE14]}.                                   disposal or for subsequent recycle [ENVT4]}.
                                          [OC10]}.



{Put lids on containers immediately after {Avoid carrying out operation {Wear suitable gloves tested to EN374       {Return IBCs to supplier [ENVT6]}.
use [E9]}.                                for more than 1 hour          [PPE15]}.
                                          [OC11]}.



{Label feed lines [E23]}.                 {Avoid carrying out operation {Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested   {Return IBCs or tanks to supplier for re-use
                                          for more than 4 hours         to EN374) in combination with ‘basic’       [ENVT7]}.
                                          [OC12]}.                      employee training [PPE16]}.
{Carefully pour from containers [E62]}.   {Avoid carrying out operation {Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested   {All waste product is assumed to be collected and
                                          for more than 0.5 hour        to EN374) in combination with specific      returned for re-processing or use as a fuel
                                          [OC23]}.                      activity training [PPE17]}.                 [ENVT8]}.

{Segregate the activity away from other   {Avoid carrying out operation {Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested   {User sites are assumed to be provided with
operations [E63]}.                        for more than 2 hours         to EN374) in combination with intensive     oil/water separators and for waste water to be
                                          [OC24]}.                      management supervision controls             discharged via public sewer system [ENVT9]}.
                                                                        [PPE18]}.
{Ensure doors and windows are opened                                   {Wear suitable gloves (tested to EN374)      {Dispose of waste or used sacks/containers
[E72]}.                                                                and eye protection [PPE19]}.                 according to local regulations [ENVT10]}.




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Organisational measures                   Duration   Personal protection                            Environmental measures

{Ensure the ventilation system is                    {Wear suitable respiratory protection          {Dispose of waste solvent or used containers
regularly maintained and tested [E74]}.              (conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or     according to local regulations [ENVT12]}.
                                                     better) and gloves (type EN374) if regular
                                                     skin contact likely [PPE21]}.


{Clean equipment and the work area                   {Wear a respirator conforming to EN140         {Clean IBCs or drums at approved facility
every day [C&H3]}.                                   with Type A filter or better [PPE22]}.         [ENVT14]}.



{Dispose of empty containers and                     {Wear suitable gloves (type EN374),            {User site assumed to be separate chemical and
wastes safely [C&H8]}.                               coverall and eye protection. [PPE23]}.         foul/rain water and be equipped with a WWTP
                                                                                                    [ENVT15]}.

{Dispose of waste in accordance with                 {Wear a full face respirator conforming to     {Do not wash equipment or storage containers
environmental legislation [C&H11]}.                  EN140 with Type A filter or better             [ENVT16]}.
                                                     [PPE24]}.
{Clear spills immediately [C&H13]}.                  {Change filter cartridge on respirator daily   {Remotely vent displaced vapours [ENVT17]}.
                                                     [PPE25]}.



{Contain and dispose of waste according              {Use suitable eye protection [PPE26]}.         {Additive package assumed to be blended direct
to local regulations [C&H14]}.                                                                      to lubricant with no process steps [ENVT20]}.

{Avoid splashing [C&H15]}.                           {Wear suitable coveralls to prevent            {All contaminated waste water must be
                                                     exposure to the skin [PPE27]}.                 processed in an industrial or municipal
                                                                                                    wastewater treatment plant that incorporates both
                                                                                                    primary and secondary treatments [W1]}.


{Avoid spillage when withdrawing pump                {Wear rubber boots [PPE28]}.                   {Site should have a spill plan to ensure that
[C&H16]}.                                                                                           adequate safeguards are in place to minimize the
                                                                                                    impact of episodic releases [W2]}.

{Handle all packages and containers                  {Wear a respirator conforming to EN140         {A leak prevention plan is needed to prevent low
carefully to minimise spills [EI1]}.                 with Type A/P2 filter or better {PPE29]}.      level continual releases [W3]}.




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Organisational measures                     Duration   Personal protection                          Environmental measures

{Clear up spills immediately and dispose               {If above technical/organisational control   {A storm water management plan is needed to
of waste safely [EI9]}.                                measures are not feasible, then adopt        ensure that the wastewater treatment plant is not
                                                       following PPE: [PPE30]}.                     overloaded with uncontaminated water [W4]}.

{Avoid manual contact with wet work                    {Wear positive pressure air supplied         {minimize water use and curtail all unnecessary
pieces [EI17]}.                                        respirator if required by safe entry         waste water generation [W5]}.
                                                       procedures [PPE31]}.

{No specific measures identified [EI18]}.                                                           {Ensure all waste water is collected and treated
                                                                                                    via a WWTP [W6]}.

{Ensure operatives are trained to                                                                   {Contain and treat vapors from stripping
minimise exposures [EI119]}.                                                                        operations [W7]}.

{No other specific measures identified                                                              {Do not wash equipment or storage containers
[EI20]}.                                                                                            [W8]}.

{Allow time for product to drain from                                                               {Maximize waste water reuse [W9]}.
workpiece [EI21]}.

{Stay upwind/keep distance from source                                                              {Adequate closed storage facilities (e.g., bulk
[EI22]}.                                                                                            storage tanks, intermediate bulk containers,
                                                                                                    drums) for VOC-containing raw materials; [A1]}.

{Apply vessel entry procedures including                                                            {Use of closed transfers of liquids from storage to
use of forced supplied air [AP15]}.                                                                 production equipment (e.g. metered piped or
                                                                                                    pumped additions); [A2]}.

{Automate activity where possible                                                                   {Use of closed production equipment, with no
[AP16]}.                                                                                            extraction, except when opening vessels for
                                                                                                    additions/sampling; [A3]}.

                                                                                                    {Use of closed filling equipment; [A4]}.




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Organisational measures   Duration   Personal protection                Environmental measures

                                                                        {Store finished products in closed containers
                                                                        (e.g., bulk tanks,, drums, cans); [A5]}.



                                                                        {Store all VOC-containing wastes in closed,
                                                                        secure containers (e.g., bulk tanks, intermediate
                                                                        bulk containers, drums) [A6]}.

                                                                        {Use vapour recovery units when necessary
                                                                        [A7]}.



                                                                        {Incinerate, absorb, or adsorb vapours stripped
                                                                        from solution whenever necessary [A8]}.




                                                                        {All waste product is assumed to be collected and
                                                                        returned for re-processing or use as a fuel [A9]}.




                                                                        {Formulation activity is assumed to be a
                                                                        predominantly enclosed process [A10]}.




                                                                        {Dispose of waste or used sacks/containers
                                                                        according to local regulations [S2]}.

                                                                        {Good housekeeping- e.g. inspection procedures
                                                                        will ensure that there are no leaks to soil [S3]}.

                                                                        {Prevent leaks and prevent soil / water pollution
                                                                        caused by leaks [S4]}.

                                                                        {Bund storage facilities to prevent soil and water
                                                                        pollution in the event of spillage [S5]}.




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Organisational measures   Duration   Personal protection                Environmental measures




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Organisational measures   Duration   Personal protection                Environmental measures




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Organisational measures   Duration   Personal protection                Environmental measures




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Organisational measures   Duration   Personal protection                Environmental measures




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Worksheet 3. Worker - Example ES Annex
Based on ECHA Template CSA&IR Part D draft Version 2, combined with the GES Narrative
Format

Section 1                                    Exposure Scenario Title
Title                                        Manufacture of Substance A; CAS: 123-45-678
Use Descriptor                               Sector of Use: Industrial (SU3, SU8, SU9)
                                             Process Categories: PROC1, PROC2, PROC3, PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b, PROC15
                                             Environmental Release Categories: ERC1
Processes, tasks, activities covered         Manufacture of Substance A or use as an intermediate or process chemical or extraction agent.
                                             Includes recycling/ recovery, material transfers, storage, sampling, associated laboratory activities,
                                             maintenance and loading (including marine vessel/barge, road/rail car and bulk container).

Section 2                                     Operational conditions and risk management measures
Field for additional statements to explain scenario if required.
Section 2.1                                   Control of worker exposure
Product characteristics
Physical form of product                      Liquid, vapour pressure 0.5 - 10 kPa [OC4].
Concentration of substance in product         Covers percentage substance in the product up to 100 % (unless stated differently) [G13].
Amounts used                                  Not applicable
Frequency and duration of use                 Covers daily exposures up to 8 hours (unless stated differently) [G2]
Human factors not influenced by risk         Not applicable
management
Other Operational Conditions affecting       Assumes use at not > 20oC above ambient [G15];
worker exposure                              Assumes a good basic standard of occupational hygiene is implemented [G1].
Contributing Scenarios                       Risk Management Measures
                                             Note: list RMM standard phrases according to the control hierarchy indicated in the ECHA template: 1.
                                             Technical measures to prevent release, 2. Technical measures to prevent dispersion, 3. Organisational
                                             measures , 4. Personal protection. Phrases between brackets are good practice advice only, beyond
                                             REACH Chemical Safety Assessment and may be communicated in Section 5 of the ES or within the
                                             main sections of the SDS.
General exposures [CS1]. Continuous          Handle substance within a closed system [E47].{Drain down and flush system prior to equipment break-
process [CS54].                              in or maintenance [E55]}.{Clear spills immediately [C&H13]}. {Retain drain downs in sealed storage
                                             pending disposal or for subsequent recycle [ENVT4]}.

General exposures [CS1]. Continuous          Handle substance within a closed system [E47].Ensure material transfers are under containment or
process [CS54]. With sample collection       extract ventilation [E66]. {Wear suitable gloves tested to EN374 [PPE15]}.
[CS56]
General exposures [CS1]. Use in contained    Handle substance within a closed system [E47].Ensure material transfers are under containment or
batch processes [CS37]. ;                    extract ventilation [E66].
With sample collection [CS56].
Process sampling [CS2].                      Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E66].
Bulk transfers [CS14]. Internal [CS59].      Handle substance within a closed system [E47].Provide extract ventilation to points where emissions
                                             occur [E54].
Equipment cleaning and maintenance           Provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (5 to 15 air changes per hour) [E40].Wear
[CS39].                                      chemically resistant gloves (tested to EN374) in combination with ‘basic’ employee training [PPE16].

Bulk transfers [CS14]. Transport [CS58].     Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E76].
Laboratory activities [CS36].                Handle in a fume cupboard or under extract ventilation [E83].

Section 2.2                                  Control of environmental exposure (Not completed)
Product characteristics                      Standard phrases
Amounts used                                 Standard phrases



Frequency and duration of use                Standard phrases
Other Operational Conditions of use          Standard phrases
affecting environmental exposure
Technical onsite conditions and measures Standard phrases
to reduce or limit discharges, air emissions
and releases to soil



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Organisation measures to prevent/limit              Standard phrases
release from site
Conditions and measures related to                  Standard phrases
municipal sewage treatment plant
Conditions and measures related to                  Standard phrases
external treatment of waste for disposal
Conditions and measures related to                  Standard phrases
external recovery of waste
Other environmental control measures                Standard phrases
additional to above
Section 3 TBD                                       Exposure Estimation

3.1. Health                                         Standard phrases. Ability to Include a web link.

3.2. Environment                                    Standard phrases. Ability to Include a web link.

Section 4 TBD                                       Guidance to check compliance with the Exposure Scenario
4.1. Health                                         Standard phrases

4.2. Environment                                    Standard phrases


Section 5                                           Additional good practice advice beyond the REACH Chemical Safety Assessment -
                                                    (Section Optional)
Note: The measures reported in this section have not been taken into account in the exposure estimates related to the exposure scenario above. They are not subject to
obligation laid down in Article 37 (4) of REACH.

Control of Worker Exposure
Selection of relevant Contributing Scenario Good practice RMM phrases may be incorporated in this section or consolidated into the main sections
phrases                                     of the SDS, depending on the preference of the Registrant and functionality of the available e-SDS
                                            system.

Control of environmental exposure
Selection of relevant RMM Core Phrases              Good practice RMM phrases may be incorporated in this section or consolidated into the main sections
                                                    of the SDS, depending on the preference of the Registrant and functionality of the available e-SDS
                                                    system.




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REF 1: GES Titles (example list from Solvents Sector - ESIG/ESVOC)
 Note: Details are under review with Downstream Users and subject to change. The allocation of Use
 Descriptors is not an exact process and requires discussion amongst producers and users to come to
 a common understanding.
 An adjustment to the allocation of applicable Use Descriptors and scope statements is expected for
 Substances of Very High Concern (SVHCs)


                                                                                                                                   Applicable Use    Appropriate GES to
                                   Area of              Draft GES scope / definition                  Applicable Use Descriptors                                        Substance ES
              GES Title                                                                                                          Descriptors (ERC or develop substance
                               Application / UD     (Processes, tasks, activities covered)                  (PROC or PC)                                                   number
                                                                                                                                       SpERC)               ESs

Manufacture of substance        Industrial (SU3,   Manufacture of the substance or use as an      PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,         ERC1, ERC4, ERC6A          Yes              ES#1
                                  SU8, SU9)        intermediate or process chemical or extraction PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b,
                                                   agent. Includes recycling/ recovery, material  PROC15
                                                   transfers, storage, maintenance and loading
                                                   (including marine vessel/barge, road/rail car
                                                   and bulk container), sampling and associated
                                                   laboratory activities


                                 Professional  not applicable
                                   (SU22)
                               Consumer (SU21) not applicable

Distribution of substance       Industrial (SU3,   Loading (including marine vessel/barge,            PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,     ERC1 (loading) ERC2
                                  SU8, SU9)        rail/road car and IBC loading) and repacking       PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b,      (repacking)
                                                   (including drums and small packs) of               PROC9, PROC15
                                                   substance, including its distribution and
                                                   associated laboratory activities


                                 Professional  not applicable
                                   (SU22)
                               Consumer (SU21) not applicable

Formulation & (re)packing of    Industrial (SU3,   Formulation, packing and re-packing of the         PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC2                Yes              ES#2
substances and mixtures             SU10)          substance and its mixtures in batch or             PROC4, PROC5, PROC8a,
                                                   continuous operations, including storage,          PROC8b, PROC9, PROC14,
                                                   materials transfers, mixing, tabletting,           PROC15
                                                   compression, pelletisation, extrusion, large and
                                                   small scale packing, sampling, maintenance
                                                   and associated laboratory activities


                                 Professional      not applicable
                                   (SU22)




                                                                               Ref 1 Example GES Titles                                                                      Page 40
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                                                                                                                               Applicable Use    Appropriate GES to
                             Area of              Draft GES scope / definition                    Applicable Use Descriptors                                        Substance ES
            GES Title                                                                                                        Descriptors (ERC or develop substance
                         Application / UD     (Processes, tasks, activities covered)                    (PROC or PC)                                                   number
                                                                                                                                   SpERC)               ESs

                         Consumer (SU21) not applicable


Uses in Coatings          Industrial (SU3)   Covers the use in coatings (paints, inks,            PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC 4               Yes              ES#3
                                             adhesives, etc) including exposures during           PROC4, PROC5, PROC7,
                                             use (including materials receipt, storage,           PROC8a, PROC8b, PROC10,
                                             preparation and transfer from bulk and semi-         PROC13, PROC15
                                             bulk, application by spray, roller, spreader, dip,
                                             flow, fluidised bed on production lines and film
                                             formation) and equipment cleaning,
                                             maintenance and associated laboratory
                                             activities.

                            Professional     Covers the use in coatings (paints, inks,            PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,        ERC 8A, ERC 8D          Yes              ES#4
                              (SU22)         adhesives, etc) including exposures during           PROC4, PROC5, PROC8a,
                                             use (including materials receipt, storage,           PROC8b, PROC10, PROC11,
                                             preparation and transfer from bulk and semi-         PROC13, PROC15, PROC19
                                             bulk, application by spray, roller, brush,
                                             spreader by hand or similar methods, and film
                                             formation), and equipment cleaning,
                                             maintenance and associated laboratory
                                             activities.

                         Consumer (SU21) Covers the use in coatings (paints, inks,                PC1, PC4, PC5, PC9, PC10,   ERC 8A, ERC 8D          Yes              ES#5
                                             adhesives, etc) including exposures during       PC15, PC18, PC23, PC24,
                                             use (including product transfer and preparation, PC31
                                             application by brush, spray by hand or similar
                                             methods) and equipment cleaning.


Use in Cleaning Agents    Industrial (SU3)   Covers the use as a component of cleaning            PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,             ERC4
                                             products including transfer from storage,            PROC4, PROC7, PROC8a,
                                             pouring/unloading from drums or containers.          PROC8b, PROC10, PROC13
                                             Exposures during mixing/diluting in the
                                             preparatory phase and cleaning activities
                                             (including spraying, brushing, dipping, wiping,
                                             automated and by hand), related equipment
                                             cleaning and maintenance.


                            Professional     Covers the use as a component of cleaning            PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,        ERC 8A, ERC 8D;
                              (SU22)         products including pouring/unloading from            PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b,
                                             drums or containers; and exposures during            PROC10, PROC11, PROC13
                                             mixing/diluting in the preparatory phase and
                                             cleaning activities (including spraying,
                                             brushing, dipping, wiping automated and by
                                             hand).




                                                                          Ref 1 Example GES Titles                                                                       Page 41
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                                                                                                                                                  Applicable Use    Appropriate GES to
                                               Area of              Draft GES scope / definition                     Applicable Use Descriptors                                        Substance ES
              GES Title                                                                                                                         Descriptors (ERC or develop substance
                                           Application / UD     (Processes, tasks, activities covered)                     (PROC or PC)                                                   number
                                                                                                                                                      SpERC)               ESs

                                           Consumer (SU21) Covers general exposures to consumers                     PC3, PC4, PC9, PC24, PC32,   ERC 8A, ERC 8D         Yes              ES#6
                                                               arising from the use of household products sold PC35, PC38
                                                               as washing and cleaning products, aerosols,
                                                               coatings, de-icers, lubricants and air care
                                                               products.
Use in Oil field drilling and production    Industrial (SU3)   Oil field well drilling and production operations PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,                 ERC 4
operations                                                     (including drilling muds and well cleaning)        PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b
                                                               including material transfers, on-site formulation,
                                                               well head operations, shaker room activities
                                                               and related maintenance.


                                             Professional      Oil field well drilling operations (including         PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC 8D
                                               (SU22)          drilling muds and well cleaning) including            PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b
                                                               material transfers, on-site formulation, well
                                                               head operations, shaker room activities and
                                                               related maintenance.
                                           Consumer (SU21) not applicable


Lubricants                                  Industrial (SU3)   Covers the use of formulated lubricants in            PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,          ERC 7, ERC 4
                                                               closed and open systems including transfer            PROC4, PROC7, PROC8a,
                                                               operations, operation of machinery/engines            PROC8b, PROC9, PROC10,
                                                               and similar articles, reworking on reject articles,   PROC13, PROC17, PROC18
                                                               equipment maintenance and disposal of
                                                               wastes.
                                             Professional      Covers the use of formulated lubricants in            PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,         ERC 8A, ERC 8D
                                               (SU22)          closed and open systems including transfer            PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b,       ERC 9A, ERC 9B
                                                               operations, operation of engines and similar          PROC9, PROC10, PROC11,
                                                               articles, reworking on reject articles, equipment     PROC13, PROC17, PROC18,
                                                               maintenance and disposal of waste oil.
                                                                                                                     PROC20

                                           Consumer (SU21) Covers the consumer use of formulated                     PC1, PC6, PC24, PC31         ERC 8A, ERC 8D
                                                               lubricants in closed and open systems                                              ERC 9A, ERC 9B
                                                               including transfer operations, application,
                                                               operation of engines and similar articles,
                                                               equipment maintenance and disposal of waste
                                                               oil.




                                                                                            Ref 1 Example GES Titles                                                                        Page 42
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                                                                                                                                           Applicable Use    Appropriate GES to
                                          Area of              Draft GES scope / definition                   Applicable Use Descriptors                                        Substance ES
               GES Title                                                                                                                 Descriptors (ERC or develop substance
                                      Application / UD     (Processes, tasks, activities covered)                   (PROC or PC)                                                   number
                                                                                                                                               SpERC)               ESs

Metal working fluids / rolling oils    Industrial (SU3)   Covers the use in formulated MWFs/rolling oils      PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC 4
                                                          including transfer operations, rolling and          PROC5, PROC7, PROC8a,
                                                          annealing activities, cutting/machining             PROC8b, PROC9, PROC10,
                                                          activities, automated and manual application of     PROC13, PROC17
                                                          corrosion protections (including brushing,
                                                          dipping and spraying), equipment
                                                          maintenance, draining and disposal of waste
                                                          oils.

                                        Professional      Covers the use in formulated MWFs including         PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,           ERC 8A
                                          (SU22)          transfer operations, open and contained             PROC5, PROC8a, PROC8b,
                                                          cutting/machining activities, automated and         PROC10, PROC11, PROC13,
                                                          manual application of corrosion protections,        PROC17
                                                          draining and working on contaminated/ reject
                                                          articles, and disposal of waste oils.


                                      Consumer (SU21) not applicable


Blowing agents                         Industrial (SU3)   Use as a blowing agent for rigid and flexible   PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,                ERC 4
                                                          foams, including material transfers, mixing and PROC8b, PROC9, PROC12
                                                          injection, curing, cutting, storage and packing


                                        Professional  not applicable
                                          (SU22)
                                      Consumer (SU21) not applicable

Use as binders and release agents      Industrial (SU3)   Covers the use as binders and release agents        PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC4
                                                          including material transfers, mixing, application   PROC4, PROC6, PROC7,
                                                          (including spraying and brushing), mould            PROC8b, PROC10, PROC13,
                                                          forming and casting, and handling of waste.         PROC14

                                        Professional      Covers the use as binders and release agents PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,              ERC8A, ERC 8D
                                          (SU22)          including material transfers, mixing, application PROC4, PROC6, PROC 8a,
                                                          by spraying, brushing, and handling of waste. PROC8b, PROC10, PROC11,
                                                                                                              PROC14
                                      Consumer (SU21) not applicable

Agrochemical uses                      Industrial (SU3)   not applicable
                                         Professional     Use as an agrochemical excipient for                PROC1, PROC2, PROC8a,      ERC8A, ERC 8D
                                           (SU22)         application by manual or machine spraying,          PROC8b, PROC11, PROC13
                                                          smokes and fogging; including storage,
                                                          equipment clean-downs and disposal.




                                                                                      Ref 1 Example GES Titles                                                                       Page 43
                                                                             06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls



                                                                                                                                             Applicable Use    Appropriate GES to
                                           Area of              Draft GES scope / definition                    Applicable Use Descriptors                                        Substance ES
                GES Title                                                                                                                  Descriptors (ERC or develop substance
                                       Application / UD     (Processes, tasks, activities covered)                    (PROC or PC)                                                   number
                                                                                                                                                 SpERC)               ESs

                                       Consumer (SU21) Covers the consumer use in agrochemicals in              PC12, PC22, PC27           ERC8A, ERC 8D
                                                           liquid and solid forms.
Use as a fuel                           Industrial (SU3)   Covers the use as a fuel (or fuel additive) and      PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC7
                                                           includes activities associated with its transfer,    PROC8a, PROC8b, PROC16
                                                           use, equipment maintenance and handling of
                                                           waste.
                                         Professional      Covers the use as a fuel (or fuel additive) and      PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,       ERC 9A, ERC 9B
                                           (SU22)          includes activities associated with its transfer,    PROC8a, PROC8b, PROC16
                                                           use, equipment maintenance and handling of
                                                           waste.
                                       Consumer (SU21) Covers consumer uses in liquid fuels                     PC13                       ERC 9A, ERC 9B

Functional Fluids                       Industrial (SU3)   Use as functional fluids e.g. cable oils, transfer PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,              ERC 7
                                                           oils, coolants, insulators, refrigerants, hydraulic PROC4, PROC 8a, PROC 8b,
                                                           fluids in industrial equipment including            PROC9
                                                           maintenance and related material transfers


                                         Professional      Use as functional fluids e.g. cable oils, transfer PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,         ERC 9A, ERC 9B
                                           (SU22)          oils, coolants, insulators, refrigerants, hydraulic PROC 8a, PROC9, PROC20
                                                           fluids in professional equipment including
                                                           maintenance and related material transfers.



                                       Consumer (SU21) Use of sealed items containing functional fluids PC16, PC17                         ERC 9A, ERC 9B
                                                           e.g. transfer oils, hydraulic fluids, refrigerants

De-icing and anti-icing applications    Industrial (SU3)   not applicable


                                         Professional  Ice prevention and de-icing of vehicles, aircraft PROC1, PROC2, PROC8a,                 ERC 8D
                                           (SU22)      and other equipment by spraying                   PROC8b, PROC11
                                       Consumer (SU21) De-icing of vehicles and similar equipment by PC4                                       ERC 8D
                                                           spraying
Road and construction applications      Industrial (SU3)   not applicable .. Refers to bitumen blending.
                                                           Covered under 'Formulation'
                                         Professional      Application of surface coatings and binders in       PROC8a, PROC8b, PROC9,         ERC8D
                                           (SU22)          road and construction activities, including          PROC10, PROC11, PROC13
                                                           paving uses, manual mastic and in the
                                                           application of roofing and water-proofing
                                                           membranes
                                       Consumer (SU21) not applicable




                                                                                         Ref 1 Example GES Titles                                                                      Page 44
                                                                         06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls



                                                                                                                                           Applicable Use    Appropriate GES to
                                       Area of              Draft GES scope / definition                      Applicable Use Descriptors                                        Substance ES
             GES Title                                                                                                                   Descriptors (ERC or develop substance
                                   Application / UD     (Processes, tasks, activities covered)                      (PROC or PC)                                                   number
                                                                                                                                               SpERC)               ESs

Other Consumer Uses                Consumer (SU21) Consumer uses not covered in consumer                      PC28, PC39                 ERC 8A, ERC 8D
                                                       examples listed above e.g. use as a carrier in
                                                       cosmetics/personal care products, perfumes
                                                       and fragrances.
Use in laboratories                 Industrial (SU3)   Use of the substance within laboratory settings, PROC10, PROC15                        ERC 2
                                                       including material transfers and equipment
                                                       cleaning
                                     Professional      Use of small quantities within laboratory              PROC10, PROC15                 ERC 8A
                                       (SU22)          settings, including material transfers and
                                                       equipment cleaning
                                   Consumer (SU21) not applicable

Explosives manufacture & use        Industrial (SU3)   not applicable
                                      Professional Covers exposures arising from the                          PROC1, PROC3, PROC5,           ERC 8D
                                        (SU22)     manufacture and use of slurry explosives                   PROC8a, PROC8b
                                                   (including materials transfer, mixing and
                                                   charging) and
                                   Consumer (SU21) not applicable equipment cleaning

Rubber production and processing   Industrial (SU10) Manufacture of tyres and general rubber                  PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,         ERC 1, ERC4
                                                       articles, including processing of raw (uncured)        PROC4, PROC5, PROC6,
                                                       rubber, handling and mixing of rubber                  PROC7, PROC8a, PROC8b,
                                                       additives, vulcanising, cooling and finishing.         PROC9, PROC13, PROC14,
                                                                                                              PROC15, PROC21

                                     Professional  not applicable
                                       (SU22)
                                   Consumer (SU21) not applicable


Polymer processing                 Industrial (SU10) Processing of formulated polymers including              PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC 4
                                                       material transfers, additives handling (e.g.           PROC4, PROC5, PROC6,
                                                       pigments, stabilisers, fillers, plasticisers, etc.),   PROC8a, PROC8b, PROC9,
                                                       moulding, curing and forming activities,               PROC13, PROC14, PROC21
                                                       material re-works, storage and associated
                                                       maintenance.
                                     Professional      Processing of formulated polymers including            PROC1, PROC2, PROC6,           ERC 8A,
                                       (SU22)          material transfers, moulding and forming               PROC8a, PROC8b, PROC14,
                                                       activities, material re-works and associated           PROC21
                                                       maintenance.


Water treatment chemicals          Industrial (SU10) Covers the use of the substance for the                  PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC3
                                                       treatment of water at industrial facilities in open PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b,
                                                       and closed systems                                  PROC13




                                                                                      Ref 1 Example GES Titles                                                                       Page 45
                                                            06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls



                                                                                                                         Applicable Use    Appropriate GES to
                            Area of              Draft GES scope / definition               Applicable Use Descriptors                                        Substance ES
            GES Title                                                                                                  Descriptors (ERC or develop substance
                        Application / UD     (Processes, tasks, activities covered)               (PROC or PC)                                                   number
                                                                                                                             SpERC)               ESs

                          Professional      Covers the use of the substance for the       PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,             ERC 8F
                            (SU22)          treatment of water in open and closed systems PROC4, PROC8a, PROC8b,
                                                                                            PROC13
                        Consumer (SU21) Covers the use of the substance for the             PC36, PC37                     ERC 8F
                                            treatment of water in open and closed systems

Mining chemicals        Industrial (SU10) Covers the use of the substance in extraction     PROC1, PROC2, PROC3,            ERC 4
                                            processes at mining operations, including       PROC4, PROC5, PROC8a,
                                            material transfers, winning and separation      PROC8b, PROC9
                                            activities, and substance recovery and
                                            disposal.
                          Professional  not applicable
                            (SU22)
                        Consumer (SU21) not applicable




                                                                       Ref 1 Example GES Titles                                                                    Page 46
                                                        06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls   Page 47




REF 2: Example Standard Phrases for use in Exposure Scenario Development:
              Extract from library (Solvents Industry - ESIG/ESVOC)
Note: Details are under development and subject to change
ESIG_ESVOC    Phrases
Code




GT11          Contributing Scenario
CS1           General exposures
CS2           Process sampling
CS3           Material transfers
CS4           Dipping, immersion and pouring
CS5           Equipment maintenance
CS6           Drum and small package filling
CS7           Small package filling
CS8           Drum/batch transfers
CS9           Pouring from small containers
CS10          Spraying
CS11          Printing
CS12          Drying and storage
CS14          Bulk transfers
CS15          General exposures (closed systems)
CS16          General exposures (open systems)
CS17          Operation and lubrication of high energy open equipment
CS18          Maintenance of small items
CS19          Remanufacture of reject articles
CS20          Engine lubricant service
CS21          Operation of total loss equipment and systems
CS22          Transfer from/pouring from containers
CS24          Spraying/fogging by manual application
CS25          Spraying/fogging by machine application
CS27          Ad hoc manual application via trigger sprays, dipping, etc.
CS28          Disposal of wastes
CS29          Mixing operations (closed systems)
CS30          Mixing operations (open systems)
CS31          Mold forming
CS32          Casting operations
CS33          Machine
CS34          Manual
CS35          Treatment by dipping and pouring
CS36          Laboratory activities
CS37          Use in contained batch processes
CS38          Use in contained systems
CS39          Equipment cleaning and maintenance
CS40          Vapour degreasing bath
CS41          Degreasing small objects in cleaning station
CS42          Cleaning with low-pressure washers
CS43          On site
CS44          Cleaning with high pressure washers
CS45          Filling / preparation of equipment from drums or containers.
CS46          Large surfaces
CS47          Cleaning
CS48          Surfaces
CS49          Spray Bottle
CS50          Wiping
CS51          Rolling, Brushing
CS52          Manual spot cleaning (e.g. textiles etc)
CS53          Pelletizing
CS54          Continuous process
CS55          Batch process
CS56          with sample collection
CS57          no sampling
CS58          transport
CS59          internal
CS60          no spraying
CS61          small scale
CS62          heating oil and diesel deliveries
CS63          vessel / container
CS64          Calendering (including Banburys)
CS65          Polymerisation (bulk and batch)
CS66          Intermediate polymer storage
CS68          Pelletisation and pellet screening
CS69          Additivation and stabilisation




                                                                 Ref 2 Ex Standard phrases         Page 47
                                                         06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls   Page 48




REF 2: Example Standard Phrases for use in Exposure Scenario Development:
              Extract from library (Solvents Industry - ESIG/ESVOC)
Note: Details are under development and subject to change
ESIG_ESVOC    Phrases
Code

CS70          Vulcanisation
CS71          Cooling cured articles
CS72          Hand application - fingerpaints, pastels, adhesives
CS73          Pressing uncured rubber blanks
CS74          Cleaning of medical devices
CS75          Initial factory fill of equipment
              Semi Automated process. (e.g.: Semi automatic application of floor care and
CS76          maintenance products)
CS77          Maintenance (of larger plant items) and machine set up
CS78          Engine lubricant service
CS79          Metal machining operations
CS80          Automated metal rolling/forming
CS81          Dedicated facility
CS82          Non-dedicated facility
CS83          Semi-automated metal rolling/forming
CS84          Filling of articles/equipment
CS85          Bulk product storage
CS86          Rework of articles
CS87          Polyol processes
CS88          Extrusion and masterbatching
CS89          Injection moulding of articles
CS90          Small scale weighing
CS91          Bulk weighing
CS92          Additive premixing
CS93          Automated process with (semi) closed systems.
CS94          Film formation - force drying (50 - 100°C). Stoving (>100°C). UV/EB radiation
CS95          curing
              Film formation - air drying
CS96          Preparation of material for application
CS97          Spraying (automatic/robotic)
CS98          Roller, spreader, flow application
              Production or preparation or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or
CS100         pelletisation
CS101         Application of cleaning products in closed systems
CS102         Finishing operations
CS103         Vessel and container cleaning
CS104         Maintenance and machine set up
CS105         ion exchange processes
CS106         phase separation
CS107         (closed systems)
CS108         (open systems)
CS112         Tyre build up
CS113         Production of articles by dipping and pouring
CS114         Bulk transfers from tote tanks and supply vessels
CS115         Drilling mud (re-)formulation
CS116         Drill floor operations
CS117         Operation of solids filtering equipment
CS118         Operation of solids filtering equipment - vapour exposures
CS119         Operation of solids filtering equipment - aerosol exposures
CS120         Cleaning of solids filtering equipment
CS121         Treatment and disposal of filtered solids
CS122         Extrusion and expansion of polymer mass
CS123         Collection and re-processing of shavings, cuttings, etc
CS124         Product packaging
CS125         Production of foam-based objects
CS126         Installation of insulation panels
CS127         Centrifuging including discharging
CS128         Semi-bulk packaging
CS129         Treatment by heating
CS130         Article formation in mould
CS131         Cutting by heated wire
CS132         Foaming
CS133         Compression
CS134         Cutting and shaving
CS135         General risk management measures applicable to all activities
CS136         Batch processes at elevated temperatures


GT19          Operational conditions and risk management measures



                                                                  Ref 2 Ex Standard phrases         Page 48
                                                           06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls   Page 49




REF 2: Example Standard Phrases for use in Exposure Scenario Development:
              Extract from library (Solvents Industry - ESIG/ESVOC)
Note: Details are under development and subject to change
ESIG_ESVOC    Phrases
Code

G1            Assumes a good basic standard of occupational hygiene is implemented
G2            Covers daily exposures up to 8 hours (unless stated differently)
G3            Covers frequency up to: weekly use
G4            Covers frequency up to: monthly use
G5            Covers frequency up to: daily yearly use
G6            Covers frequency up to: daily use, weekly, monthly, yearly.
G7            Covers percentage substance in the product up to 1 %
G9            , or:
G10           , alternatively:
G11           Covers percentage substance in the product up to 5%
G12           Covers percentage substance in the product up to 25 %
G13           Covers percentage substance in the product up to 100 % (unless stated
              differently)
G15           Assumes use at not more than 20°C above ambient temperature

G17           Assumes activities are at ambient temperature (unless stated differently)
OC1           Solid, low dustiness
OC2           Solid, medium dustiness
OC3           Liquid, vapour pressure < 0.5 kPa
OC4           Liquid, vapour pressure 0.5 - 10 kPa
OC5           Liquid, vapour pressure > 10 kPa
OC6           Solid, high dustiness
OC7           Operation is carried out at elevated temperature (> 20°C above ambient
              temperature)
OC8           Indoor
OC9           Outdoor
OC13          Varies between milliliters (sampling) and cubic meters (material transfers)
OC14          Liquid, vapour pressure < 10 Pa
OC15          Liquid, vapour pressure > 10 Pa
OC25          Aerosol generation due to elevated process temperature



GT20          Control of worker exposure
GT21          Technical measures at process level (source) to prevent release
OC16          Limit the substance content in the product to 1 %
OC17          Limit the substance content in the product to 5 %
OC18          Limit the substance content in the product to 25 %
OC19          Limit the substance in product to 10 %
OC20          Limit the substance in product to 15 %
OC21          Limit the substance in product to 20 %
OC22          Limit the substance content in the mixture to 50 %
E39           Clear transfer lines prior to de-coupling
E41           Use in semi-automated and predominantly enclosed filling lines
E42           Avoid dip sampling.
E43           Use bulk or semi-bulk handling systems
E44           Discharge sacks via suitable vented charge chute
E45           Transfer materials directly to mixing vessels
E46           Formulate in enclosed or ventilated mixing vessels
E47           Handle substance within a closed system
E49           Handle substance within a predominantly closed system provided with extract
              ventilation
E51           Fill containers/cans at dedicated fill points supplied with local extract ventilation
E52           Transfer via enclosed lines
E53           Use drum pumps
E55           Drain down and flush system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance
E64           Use drum pumps or carefully pour from container
E65           Drain down system prior to equipment break-in or maintenance
E68           Restrict area of openings to equipment
E75           Use dry break couplings for material transfer



GT22          Technical conditions and measures to control dispersion from
              source towards the worker




                                                                    Ref 2 Ex Standard phrases         Page 49
                                                             06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls   Page 50




REF 2: Example Standard Phrases for use in Exposure Scenario Development:
              Extract from library (Solvents Industry - ESIG/ESVOC)
Note: Details are under development and subject to change
ESIG_ESVOC    Phrases
Code

E1            Provide a good standard of general ventilation. Natural ventilation is from doors,
              windows etc. Controlled ventilation means air is supplied or removed by a
              powered fan.
E5            Ensure that enough fresh air is supplied to dilute and remove dusts, fumes or
              vapours. Between 5 and 15 air changes per hour are recommended, with a
E40           through draught.
              Provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (5 to 15 air changes
              per hour)
E48           Provide enhanced general ventilation by mechanical means
E50           Use long handled tools where possible
E54           Provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur
E56           Use ventilation to extract vapours from freshly coated articles/objects
E57           Carry out in a vented booth or extracted enclosure
E58           Use long handled brushes and rollers where possible.
E59           Carry out in a vented booth provided with laminar airflow
E60           Minimise exposure by partial enclosure of the operation or equipment and provide
              extract ventilation at openings
E61           Minimise exposure by extracted full enclosure for the operation or equipment
E66           Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation
E67           Provide extract ventilation to emission points when contact with warm (>50oC)
              product is likely
E69           Ensure operation is undertaken outdoors
E70           Apply within a vented cab supplied with filtered air under positive pressure and
              with a protection factor of >20
E71           Provide the operation with a properly sited receiving hood
E76           Ensure samples are obtained under containment or extract ventilation
E81           Drain or remove substance from equipment prior to break-in or maintenance
E82           Provide extract ventilation to material transfer points and other openings
E83           Handle in a fume cupboard or under extract ventilation
E84           Store substance within a closed system
E85           Use dedicated equipment
E86           Use high-performance fume cupboard


GT23          Organisational measures to prevent/limit releases, dispersion and exposure

G16           If technical measures not practical: [G16].
E9            Put lids on containers immediately after use.
E23           Label feed lines.
E62           Carefully pour from containers.
E63           Segregate the activity away from other operations
E72           Ensure doors and windows are opened
E74           Ensure the ventilation system is regularly maintained and tested
OC10          Avoid carrying out operation for more than 15 minutes
OC11          Avoid carrying out operation for more than 1 hour
OC12          Avoid carrying out operation for more than 4 hours
OC23          Avoid carrying out operation for more than 0.5 hour
OC24          Avoid carrying out operation for more than 2 hours
C&H3          Clean equipment and the work area every day.
C&H8          Dispose of empty containers and wastes safely.
C&H11         Dispose of waste in accordance with environmental legislation.
C&H13         Clear spills immediately.
C&H14         Contain and dispose of waste according to local regulations
C&H15         Avoid splashing
C&H16         Avoid spillage when withdrawing pump
EI1           Handle all packages and containers carefully to minimise spills.
EI9           Clear up spills immediately and dispose of waste safely.
EI17          Avoid manual contact with wet work pieces
EI18          No specific measures identified
EI19          Ensure operatives are trained to minimise exposures
EI20          No other specific measures identified
EI21          Allow time for product to drain from workpiece
EI22          Stay upwind/keep distance from source
AP15          Apply vessel entry procedures including use of forced supplied air.
AP16          Automate activity where possible




                                                                      Ref 2 Ex Standard phrases         Page 50
                                                         06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls                                                Page 51




REF 2: Example Standard Phrases for use in Exposure Scenario Development:
              Extract from library (Solvents Industry - ESIG/ESVOC)
Note: Details are under development and subject to change
ESIG_ESVOC    Phrases
Code


GT24          Personal Protection
PPE14         Use suitable eye protection and gloves.
PPE15         Wear suitable gloves tested to EN374.
PPE16         Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested to EN374) in combination with ‘basic’
              employee training.
PPE17         Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested to EN374) in combination with specific
              activity training.
PPE18         Wear chemically resistant gloves (tested to EN374) in combination with intensive
              management supervision controls.
PPE19         Wear suitable gloves (tested to EN374) and eye protection.
PPE21         Wear suitable respiratory protection (conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or
              better) and gloves (type EN374) if regular skin contact likely.
PPE22         Wear a respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better.
PPE23         Wear suitable gloves (tested to EN374), coverall and eye protection.
PPE24         Wear a full face respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better.
PPE25         Change filter cartridge on respirator daily
PPE26         Use suitable eye protection
PPE27         Wear suitable coveralls to prevent exposure to the skin
PPE28         Wear rubber boots
PPE29         Wear a respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A/P2 filter or better
PPE30         If above technical/organisational control measures are not feasible, then adopt
              following PPE:
PPE31         Wear positive pressure air supplied respirator if required by safe entry procedures

PPE32         Wear a full face respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A/P2 filter or better.

GT25          Control of environmental exposure
ENVT4         Retain drain downs in sealed storage pending disposal or for subsequent recycle       Please note that the environmental RMM phrases are
                                                                                                    still under development and subject to change as
                                                                                                    part of the development of Exposure Scenarios for
ENVT6         Return IBCs to supplier
                                                                                                    the environment within the Cefic SPERC (Specific
ENVT7         Return IBCs or tanks to supplier for re-use                                           Environmental Release Categories) project.
ENVT8         All waste product is assumed to be collected and returned for re-processing or
              use as a fuel.
ENVT9         User sites are assumed to be provided with oil/water separators and for waste
              water to be discharged via public sewer system
ENVT10        Dispose of waste or used sacks/containers according to local regulations.
ENVT12        Dispose of waste product or used containers according to local regulations

ENVT14        Clean IBCs or drums at approved facility
ENVT15        User site assumed to be separate chemical and foul/rain water and be equipped
              with a WWTP
ENVT16        Do not wash equipment or storage containers
ENVT17        Remotely vent displaced vapours
ENVT20        Additive package assumed to be blended direct to lubricant with no process steps

W1            All contaminated waste water must be processed in an industrial or municipal
              wastewater treatment plant that incorporates both primary and secondary
              treatments

W2            Site should have a spill plan to ensure that adequate safeguards are in place to
              minimize the impact of episodic releases
W3            A leak prevention plan is needed to prevent low level continual releases
W4            A storm water management plan is needed to ensure that the wastewater
              treatment plant is not overloaded with uncontaminated water
W5            minimize water use and curtail all unnecessary waste water generation
W6            Ensure all waste water is collected and treated via a WWTP
W7            Contain and treat vapors from stripping operations
W8            Do not wash equipment or storage containers
W9            Maximize waste water reuse
A1            Adequate closed storage facilities (e.g., bulk storage tanks, intermediate bulk
              containers, drums) for VOC-containing raw materials
A2            Use of closed transfers of liquids from storage to production equipment (e.g.
              metered piped or pumped additions)




                                                                  Ref 2 Ex Standard phrases                                                      Page 51
                                                         06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls    Page 52




REF 2: Example Standard Phrases for use in Exposure Scenario Development:
              Extract from library (Solvents Industry - ESIG/ESVOC)
Note: Details are under development and subject to change
ESIG_ESVOC    Phrases
Code

A3            Use of closed production equipment, with no extraction, except when opening
              vessels for additions/sampling
A4            Use of closed filling equipment
A5            Store finished products in closed containers (e.g., bulk tanks,, drums, cans)
A6            Store all VOC-containing wastes in closed, secure containers (e.g., bulk tanks,
              intermediate bulk containers, drums)
A7            Use vapour recovery units when necessary
A8            Incinerate, absorb, or adsorb vapours stripped from solution whenever necessary
A9            All waste product is assumed to be collected and returned for re-processing or
              use as a fuel.
A10           Formulation activity is assumed to be a predominantly enclosed process
S2            Dispose of waste or used sacks/containers according to local regulations.
S3            Good housekeeping- e.g. inspection procedures will ensure that there are no
              leaks to soil
S4            Prevent leaks and prevent soil / water pollution caused by leaks
S5            Bund storage facilities to prevent soil and water pollution in the event of spillage



GT26          Exposure estimation and reference to its source
G8            Estimated workplace exposures are not expected to exceed DNELs when the
              identified risk management measures are adopted.




                                                                  Ref 2 Ex Standard phrases          Page 52
                                                                                                            06bb3904-83ad-47ae-a8ff-5e7de5fccfe1.xls




Ref 3: Exposure Modifiers for Refinement of ECETOC TRA Estimates - WORKERS
      Please note comments included in cell annotations


1. Inhalation exposure                                         modifying factor   description                                             Examples only of RMM-standard phrases - Solvents Industry (ESIG/ESVOC)
 a.   Concentration                                            1                  > 25%                                                   (not applicable)
                                                               0.6                5 - 25%                                                 Limit the substance content in the product to 25 % [OC18]
                                                               0.2                1 - 5%                                                  Limit the substance in product to 5 % [OC17]
                                                               0.1                < 1%                                                    Limit the substance in product to 1 % [OC16]
 b.   LEV-professional    PROC 24                              75%                LEV: 75% effective                                      Provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur [E54]
                                                                                                                                          Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E66]
                                                                                                                                          Provide extract ventilation to material transfer points and other openings [E82]
                          PROC 2,3,4,5,6,8a,8b (solids),      80%                 LEV: 80% effective                                      Provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur [E54]
                          9,10,11,12 (volatiles),13,14,15,16,                                                                             Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E66]
                          19,20,21,23,25                                                                                                  Provide extract ventilation to material transfer points and other openings [E82]
                          PROC 8b (volatiles) 17, 18           90%                LEV: 90% effective                                      Minimise exposure by enclosing the operation or equipment and provide extract ventilation at openings [E60]
                                                                                                                                          Apply within a vented cab supplied with filtered air under positive pressure and with a protection factor of >20 [E70]
      LEV-industrial      PROC 12 (volatiles), 24 (solids)     80%                LEV: 80% effective                                      Provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur [E54]
                                                                                                                                          Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E66]
                                                                                                                                          Provide extract ventilation to material transfer points and other openings [E82]
                          PROC 2,3,4,5,6,8a,9,10,13,           90%                LEV: 90% effective                                      Provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur [E54]
                          14,15,16,19, 21 (solids), 22                                                                                    Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E66]
                          (solids), 23 (solids), 25 (solids)                                                                              Provide extract ventilation to material transfer points and other openings [E82]
                          PROC 7, 8b (solids), 17, 18          95%                LEV: 95% effective                                      Minimise exposure by enclosing the operation or equipment and provide extract ventilation at openings [E60]
                                                                                                                                          Apply within a vented cab supplied with filtered air under positive pressure and with a protection factor of >20 [E70]

                          PROC 8b (volatiles)                  97%                LEV: 97% effective                                      Provide extract ventilation to points where emissions occur [E54]
                                                                                                                                          Ensure material transfers are under containment or extract ventilation [E66]
                                                                                                                                          Provide extract ventilation to material transfer points and other openings [E82]
                                                               99%                LEV: 99% effective                                      Carry out in a vented booth provided with laminar airflow [E59]
                                                                                  justification statement required                        Minimise exposure by extracted full enclosure for the operation or equipment [E61]
 c.   Ventilation         professional/industrial              30%                30% effective                                           Ensure operation is undertaken outdoors [E69]
                                                                                                                                          Provide a good standard of general ventilation. Natural ventilation is from windows and doors etc. Controlled ventilation
                                                                                                                                          means air is supplied or removed by a powered fan. [E1]
                          professional/industrial              70%          Controlled mechanical ventilation: 70% effective              Provide enhanced general ventilation by mechanical means [E48]
                                                                            justification statement required                              Provide a good standard of general or controlled ventilation (5 to 15 air changes per hour) (E40]
 d.   Duration of exposure (note: also check exposure during task against DNEL-short term where relevant)
                                                          1                 > 4 hours                                                     (not applicable)
                                                          0.6               1-4 hours                                                     Avoid carrying out operation for more than 4 hours [OC12]
                                                          0.2               15 min - 1 hour                                               Avoid carrying out operation for more than 1 hour [OC11]
                                                          0.1               < 15 min                                                      Avoid carrying out operation for more than 15 minutes [OC10]
 e.   RPE                                                 0.1               half mask respirator                                          Wear a respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better. [PPE22]
                                                                                                                                          Wear a respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A/P2 filter or better [PPE29]
                                                               0.05               full face respirator                                    Wear a full face respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A filter or better. [PPE24]
                                                                                                                                          Wear a full face respirator conforming to EN140 with Type A/P2 filter or better. [PPE32]
                                                               0.025              (outside scope of TRA)                                  (sophisticated forms of RPE that require specialised maintenance)


2. Dermal exposure (to reduce systemic exposure and to protect against systemic adverse health effects)
                                                               modifying factor   description
 a.   Concentration                                            1                  > 25%                                                   (not applicable)
                                                               0.6                5 - 25%                                                 Limit the substance content in the product to 25 % [OC18]
                                                               0.2                1 - 5%                                                  Limit the substance in product to 5 % [OC17]
                                                               0.1                < 1%                                                    Limit the substance in product to 1 % [OC16]
 b.   LEV present         PROC 1                               0.1                Predicted dermal exposure value varies between
                          PROC 2                               0.1                PROCs. Note: LEV modifier for dermal exposure may
                          PROC 3                               0.1                differ from LEV modifiers for inhalatory exposure by
                          PROC 4                               0.1                PROC
                          PROC 5                               0.005
                          PROC 6                               0.05
                          PROC 7                               0.05
                          PROC 8a                              0.01
                          PROC 8b                              0.1
                          PROC 9                               0.1




                                                                                                                 Ref 3 TRA Worker Expo modifiers                                                                                                               Page 53

				
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