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					                                            CLIPS REPORT
 Clips Report is a selection of local, statewide and national news clips about the University of Missouri and higher education ,
 compiled by UM System University Communications as a service for UM System officials. The report may include articles dealing
 with controversial subjects, policy matters, higher education trends and other significant topics affecting the University.

 The articles are not screened for accuracy, balance of favorable and unfavorable reports, or representation of campuses, University
 Extension or media outlets. Some articles, especially those from Columbia newspapers, are written by students. The report is not
 an effort to measure the University‘s public information efforts.


                                                            July 25, 2008

UM search committee to pick new vice president, 1
Op-ed: Students need a voting voice on UM board, 2
University Hospital and Pitts Management Associates, 3
MU sports deal fueled surgeon‘s departure, 7
Surgical robot provides new option in the treatment of prostate cancer at UMHC, 9
Funding shift cheers MU libraries, 11
Construction of Reynolds Journalism Institute nears completion, 12
Hinkson Creek grant awarded to MU, 13
A status report on MU construction projects, 14
MU students filling in at polls, 15
MU fraternity house fire causes minor damage, 16
MSU president part of group discussion on global changes‘ impact on universities, 17
Hayes named chief financial officer at MSU, 18
MSU vice president a finalist for city manager, 19
Op-ed: 11 th amendment, university‘s interest figure in 2 suits against MSU, 21
MSSU president lays out plan to trim spending, 22
Clayco completes $43M university center at Washington University, 25
Webster University ranked among best employers, 26
KU makes list of colleges to work for, 27
Congress studies easy student credit, 28
Battles over state spending and black colleges slow higher-ed bill, 30
Spellings campaign runs low on time and power to persuade, 32
New lobbying rules mean more scrutiny for colleges and their lobbyists, 35
Sen. Grassley pressures universities on science conflicts and financial aid, 37
Higher education price index rises 3.6 percent, trailing consumer price index, 39
Campus planners discuss challenges in attaining sustainability, 41
New systems keep a close eye on online students at home, 43
Analyzing how students choose colleges is key topic at meeting of planners, 46
Cost, convenience drive veterans‘ college choices, 48
U.S. visa data suggest a coming rise in foreign enrollments, 53
Higher-education report wins New York governor‘s support, 55
Columbia Daily Tribune
UM search panel to seek executive
Tuesday, July 22, 2008
Nearly a year after the resignation of Stephen Lehmkuhle, vice president for academic and student affairs,
the University of Missouri System has appointed a committee to find his permanent replacement.

UM System President Gary Forsee announced the search committee in a statement yesterday that also
described the position as advisory to the president and UM Board of Curators in fulfilling the academic
mission of the university.

The position, now served by interim Steve Graham, also provides leadership to the four campuses in
developing, interpreting and implementing university policies in the areas of academic and student affairs.

The nine-member panel includes UMSL Chancellor Thomas George, law school Dean Lawrence Dessem,
UM Executive Vice President Gordon Lamb and Jennifer Holland, a doctoral student and former president
of the Graduate and Professional Student‘s Association.

Columbia Missourian
UM System president chooses committee members to pick new vice president
By CATHERINE MCCOMB
Monday, July 21, 2008

COLUMBIA — UM System President Gary Forsee appointed nine people, two of them students, to a
committee to figure out who will be the system‘s next vice president for academic and student affairs, UM
System spokeswoman Jennifer Hollingshead said.

―I just think that he thinks it‘s important that all of the constituencies play a role in the selection process
especially since the vice president for academic affairs plays such a key role with education with students on
campus,‖ Hollingshead said. ―I think it‘s important the students be represented in that search.‖
Committee members include:

   University of Missouri-St. Louis Chancellor Thomas F. George, a chemistry and physics professor who
    will serve as the committee chairman
   Michael Cook, the Robert D. Partridge chair in cooperative leadership
   R. Lawrence Dessem, professor and dean of the MU School of Law
   Timothy A. Farmer, UMSL associate professor of accounting
   Jennifer Holland, an MU doctoral student in biological sciences and the former president and
    chairwoman of the Graduate and Professional Student Association
   Gordon Lamb, UM System executive vice president
   Mel Tyler, University of Missouri-Kansas City vice chancellor of student affairs and enrollment
    management
   Warren Kent Wray, Missouri University of Science and Technology provost and executive chancellor
    for academic affairs
   Beth Groenke, an undergraduate student and former student council president at Missouri S&T

The committee has not yet set a date for its first meeting.

The vice president position was vacated in 2007 when Stephen Lehmkuhle was appointed chancellor of the
University of Minnesota-Rochester. Since then, Steve Graham, a former assistant to Lehmkuhle, has been
serving as interim vice president for academic and student affairs.




                                                                                                              1
Columbia Daily Tribune
Op-ed: Students need a voting voice on UM board
By TONY LUETKEMEYER
Tuesday, July 22, 2008

Gov. Matt Blunt recently vetoed Senate Bill 873, which would have given a vote to the student
representative on the University of Missouri Board of Curators if the state loses a congressional district in
2010. This action was surprising, considering the broad and bipartisan support the legislation received from
the state Senate and House.

Throughout his term, the governor has supported higher education, giving universities significant budget
increases and providing funding for capital improvement projects. Though students are paying more for
their education than ever before, I know these efforts to lessen their load and make college more accessible
and affordable have made a difference.

I disagree, however, with the governor‘s decision to reject the voting student curator bill, an important
piece of legislation close to the hearts of the UM System‘s 64,000 students and supported by 132 state
lawmakers.
The bill, sponsored by a Republican leader in the House and a Democrat in the Senate, received
overwhelming support because legislators understand the importance of giving the student curator a vote.

To clarify some misconceptions about the student representative and whether a vote is deserved, it is
important to note several things. First, the average student curator is in his or her mid-20s, and all those in
the past have been either in graduate or professional school. The two-year term, often a point of scrutiny, is
in fact enough time for the student representative to get up to speed on the issues and become an informed
and effective decision-maker on the board. Student representatives are prepared to deal with the issues
facing the university, as most come into the position with campus, community and civic leadership
experience and, in fact, endure a more rigorous appointment process than do full-voting curators.

The bill ensured the student curator a vote if Missouri loses a congressional district in 2010, a situation
likely to occur given population projections. When that occurs, there will be an extra seat to fill on the
board because of the Missouri Constitution‘s requirement that the board have nine members. Where that
seat should come from has been the subject of some discussion, including the suggestion that there should
be an out-of-state, alumni "wild card" curator to fill this ninth spot.

Giving this seat to the student representative is the best way to solve this dilemma, fixing the problem of
having two curators from the same congressional district and also continuing to recognize the vital student
perspective.

U.S. universities are increasingly being run like corporations, and the University of Missouri is no exception.
Earlier this year, the board hired former Sprint CEO Gary Forsee to be its new president, a decision I fu lly
supported. This corporate business model lends itself to another analogy: that of a publicly-traded
corporation whose shareholders hold voting rights. Students, through their tuition and fees, contribute
nearly half the university‘s total operating budget. Although the university is not a publicly traded
corporation, it is a $2 billion per year operation that holds many similarities to a corporate entity. The
students of the university, as significant contributors to its budget, deserve a single vote.
Missouri legislators should join the 35 other states that have already given student representatives a vote on
university boards and vote to overturn the veto of Senate Bill 873.

Tony Luetkemeyer is a third-year law student at the University of Missouri-Columbia and serves as the student representative
on the UM Board of Curators.




                                                                                                                           2
Columbia Daily Tribune
Routine procedure or critical care?
MU Health administrators say a new consultant’s work will build upon an excellent prognosis, but
some physicians offer a second opinion.
By ABRAHAM MAHSHIE
Thursday, July 24, 2008

University Hospital administrators say they will have to replace or upgrade facilities to the tune of an
estimated $1 billion during the next 15 years to stay competitive. Gary Forsee, the University of Missouri
System president, knows that will require bolstering the health enterprise‘s bottom line.

To help, the university hired Pitts Management Associates for $800,000 - its seventh consulting firm in the
past eight years - to create a common mission for University Hospital, the schools of Medicine, Nursing
and Health Professions and the 400-member University Physicians medical practice group.

On June 20, Pitts presented the first of four reports scheduled for release into the fall.

Forsee said the university‘s health organizations have "been operating in silos, and sometimes by brute
force and sometimes by the management skills of those leaders, they‘ve made those organizations work
together." The consultant‘s work, he said, will "allow us to organize the plan to be sure that we are pointed
in a common direction for the future."

Some physicians contend it will take more than a consultant‘s report to cure the health system‘s ailments.
Splintered management and autocratic leadership at the department-head level have damaged morale, they
say, and recovery will require no less than a fundamental change in culture.

Pitts‘ résumé includes 900 hospitals and 50 academic medical centers across the country. University officials
said they believe Pitts is the best firm in the country for the job.

Kevin Serrin, senior Pitts consultant and manager of the UM project, said the group will be charged with
uniting the five components with a common mission, creating report cards for each and determining a set
of benchmarks to gauge their performance.

The benchmarks, which would apply across the health enterprise, would establish goals in a variety of areas
that range from research dollars obtained by the medical school to average patient stays in the hospital.

Phase II of the study, to be presented later this month, will present "performance gaps," or areas where the
five units are falling short.

"The five different components have sort of been very successful, but they‘re not working together a s a
team like I think the president would like to see them behave, and that‘s very typical," Serrin said. "They‘re
not pointing fingers, saying we need to do this. They‘re just saying that we would like to have a structure
that would let us work together as a team with common goals and mission. And what kinds of programs
can we put in place to be the best that we can from a patient-care perspective, an education perspective, a
research perspective?"

Columbia Regional Hospital and the Missouri Rehabilitation Center generated a net loss of about $2 million
last year, but University Hospital posted a $30 million gain, demonstrating a remarkable recovery over the
past five years. That resurgence followed the university‘s employment of The Hunter Group consulta nts to
correct poor management and anemic debt collection efforts and the hiring of hospital CEO Jim Ross.

Ross said it is normal to hire consultants to create strategic plans at five-year increments. The only
extraordinary aspect, he said, is the added task of uniting other campus health-professions departments,
which have a combined operating budget of $850 million.



                                                                                                                 3
"When your bottom line is $30 million at the end of the year, you have the ability to plan ahead. When you
were losing $20 million a year, your horizon was not to lose $20 million. So those are the differences
between then and now," he said.

Top UM officials hope the list of performance gaps and report cards in the next Pitts report will point to
areas of potential growth but say they don‘t expect a corresponding list of solutions.

"They can identify things for us, but ... we‘re going to have to deal with it," said Gordon Lamb, executive
vice president at the UM System and one of the consulting project‘s leaders.

A Million Paper Cuts
Two UM physicians pointed to problems they say hospital administrators are aware of but that Pitts is not
charged with addressing.

"I see a lack of professional understanding of where we should be," said Joseph Giangiacomo, former chief
of staff for University Physicians and a doctor in the department of ophthalmology for 31 years. "I think
everyone wants to be in charge."

"Many of those in the hospital can solve their own problems if it weren‘t for political turf battles, egos and
politics," he said of the hospital‘s administration, which includes 16 department chairs but no board
empowered to make decisions. Instead, the hospital relies on a bureaucracy that requires approval of major
decisions first by the UM Board of Curators.

Eddie Adelstein, an associate professor of pathology for more than 20 years, said the problems in the health
system go deeper than overall strategy.

"In many areas, we hire pretty autocratic chairs, so if you cross them you‘re out. That makes people very
uncomfortable here," he said.

He dismisses the notion that administrators hired Pitts from a strong position. "We wouldn‘t be hiring this
group for $800,000 a year because we‘re doing great," Adelstein said. "We‘re hiring them because we see
that we‘re going down.

"We‘re dying from a million paper cuts. You have to fix all the little things."

Recent surveys have ranked University Hospital below national, state and local averages in terms of patient
and physician satisfaction and above average in infection rates.

Physician Gordon Christensen, the current chief of staff for University Physicians, said those problems are
common at academic medical centers.

"In great part, it is because we deal with very difficult, complex medical cases. We deal with the sickest of
the sick," Christensen said of the high infection rates. With respect to patient satisfaction, he said, "that‘s
actually fairly common for academic medical centers."

"From the point of view of the patient, you have a very fragmented system. You have a very large number
of people filling the role of physician," Christensen said.

To address patient satisfaction, the hospital recently initiated a $960,000 a year hospitality plan to provide
amenities like valet parking and gourmet food service, but it seems hospital employees are still not getting
their pudding.

The most recent physician satisfaction survey, conducted by Press Ganey in April 2007, yielded a score of
66 out of 100. Christensen said frustration with new electronic medical records software is the ma in culprit



                                                                                                                  4
because it creates an enormous added workload for physicians. He cited an inadequate physical plant, which
he called archaic, and delays in operating room start times to round out the top three physician complaints.

A Culture of Power Struggles
Physicians who spoke to the Tribune said politics and power were hurting the hospital‘s operation and the
health of its culture. One particular conflict resolution cost the university $100,000 in October for a report
that neither physicians nor the public were permitted to see.

The conflict brewed over a series of issues that culminated with who should oversee University Physicians -
hospital CEO Ross or medical school Dean Bill Crist.

"When Elson Floyd was here, he recognized that we lacked administrative organization and he appointed
Jim Ross, who reported directly to him," said Adelstein, who is among the physicians who believe a written
report should have been produced. "The dean was put out of the loop, which made him quite
uncomfortable."

The restructuring implemented by the Hunter Group left Crist without the decision-making authority he
wanted. University Physicians reported directly to the hospital CEO even though Crist hired the doctors.
Crist said he and the physicians practice group objected to the organization. Subsequently, the curators
transferred authority over the health system to the UM System president, but once more left the dean out
of the deal. CEO Ross, then newly hired, reported to the president, and Crist reported to the provost for
academic affairs and the president for clinical affairs.

Crist didn‘t get a seat at the big table with Ross and the Board of Curators, the university‘s ultimate
decision-makers, and he felt he should have greater say, having served the university four years longer than
Ross. Crist also believed the hospital CEO should be a physician. Ross is not.

Crist admits there was tension the first few years Ross served as CEO. He said Ross continually blocked
him from advancing ideas that required the approval of both.

"I had my ideas about how to be a partner - medical school and health system - and he needed to learn the
whole health system, and so I sat back patiently," Crist said. "I was frustrated over the kind of slowdown
that a new person just coming in from the outside is always going to have."

Crist was also frustrated that his voice wasn‘t being heard. "I want to be there at the table as a partner," he
said.

With the conflict coming to a head and Forsee about to take over as UM president, interim President Lamb
needed to make a change, and he needed to justify that change. So he went to Pitts, asking for an evaluation
of the reporting structure and responsibilities of the two executives who, combined, earn three-quarters of a
million dollars.

The limited engagement brought Pitts in on three one-day site visits and cost the university $100,000. At
Lamb‘s request, the consultants produced no written report. Both Crist and Ross have said they do not
know what the consultants said.

Lamb described their report. "They made a presentation to me after they had interviewed people in the
hospital, medical school, the University Physicians group and said, ‗We do not seem to have a complete
coalescence of administrative accomplishments and views with the medical school and the hospital. And
that is a concern, and that needs to be addressed.‘"

In the end, Crist got more authority. University Physicians was placed under his direction, and he now
reports directly to the president on both clinical and academic issues.




                                                                                                                  5
In reality, though, the change was minor.

"There was never really a relationship change between me and them," Crist said of his oversight of
University Physicians. "I hired them, they report to me officially, and they comprise the leadership of UP,
so it doesn‘t matter on paper who it reports to. They just kept reporting to me the whole time, so it only
changed on paper."

Crist said he and Ross have moved past disagreements and are now mostly on the same page.
Christensen said during his six-month tenure as chief of staff he has seen no conflict between the two
leaders.

Nonetheless, considering the cost of Pitts‘ last work for UM and the secretiveness of the result, some
faculty worry about the transparency of Pitts‘ work this time around and whether a culture of egoism and
power struggle will allow for change.

"If you look at the resources the university has, you would think you could solve this yourself, don‘t you
think?" Giangiacomo said. "Isn‘t there enough talent here to solve this? Obviously there is a conflict; that‘s
why you bring an outsider here."

Crist offers a different perspective. "We have lots of smart people here," he said. "It‘s not just that we‘re a
group in terrible need of help. It‘s most medical centers engage these kind of people for really complex
tasks that mean so much to the institution. … So, you spend a little but you can save an awful lot."

Forsee said Pitts will offer insight that is not part of the job description of current administrators, who
aren‘t able to provide perspective "from the 50,000-foot level."

"It‘s hard for any organization, whether it‘s Sprint or General Electric or the University of Missouri, to take
on some of these complex projects and really do it yourself, and that‘s what outside f acilitators do," Forsee
said. "Is hiring consultants something that we want to become expert in? No. What we want to become
expert in is hiring an efficient, effective, forward-thinking university and our mission of teaching, service,
research and economic development."

Playing Team Ball
No matter how many great ideas Pitts offers, physicians who spoke to the Tribune said, unless the
university‘s culture is malleable enough to adopt those ideas and foster better teamwork, the consultants‘
binder will go on the shelf next to the reports of others who have cashed university checks in the past.

Giangiacomo worries that new performance goals will not be met unless the members of the team work
together better. He cited the effectiveness of "crew training" required of all new physicians, who work with
former airline pilot crews in a program that highlights the value of every individual in the process.

Pitts consultants, he said, won‘t get a complete picture "if they‘re only seeing the top echelon."
"They can provide insight," he said, "but they might not understand the culture."

Ross, too, said evolution of the institution‘s culture, not changes made by Pitts, will be the key in achieving
performance goals.

"Culture is not what you do, but how you do what you do," he said. "Well, how do we change the way we
do business to achieve that result? Pitts Management won‘t do that for us. That will be incumbent upon Bill
Crist and me and all the doctors and staff. And all parties have to do that. They can lead us to it, but it‘s up
to us to do that."




                                                                                                                  6
Columbia Daily Tribune
MU sports deal fueled surgeon’s departure
Orthopedic chair sought team care.
By ABRAHAM MAHSHIE
Wednesday, July 23, 2008

A no-bid contract to care for University of Missouri athletes awarded in 2007 to a private clinical
practice has resulted in the resignation of the university‘s top two orthopedic surgeons and will cost
millions of dollars in lost revenue, MU doctors said.

Jason Calhoun, who last week announced his resignation effective in January as chairman of the
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the MU School of Medicine, pleaded with university officials
last year to stop execution of the contract. In an e-mail to the university‘s general counsel on the
afternoon the contract was signed, June 27, 2007, Calhoun wrote that physicians had agreed to pay
$525,000 of their personal funds for the contract. The offer for the contract eventually grew to
$640,000, Calhoun said this week.

Instead, Elson Floyd, who as UM System president oversaw details of the contract, assigned physician
Pat Smith as the university‘s top team doctor through 2012. Smith, who did not respond to calls
seeking comment, is an orthopedic surgeon in private practice with Columbia Orthopaedic Group. He
has served several years as top team doctor for Tiger teams.

Documents obtained by the Tribune reveal a series of attempts by the MU orthopedic physicians,
medical department heads and others over a three-year period and as recently as last month to pressure
administrators to give responsibility for the care of all MU sports teams to MU physicians.
It is unclear what discussion, if any, resulted from those entreaties.

Floyd, who is now president of Washington State University, did not return calls or respond to e-mail.
He signed the contract as he was leaving to take over the Washington job.

Then-interim UM President Gordon Lamb said he was unaware of the details of the contract, though
he signed it along with Floyd and Chief of Staff David Russell said Lamb was briefed. Lamb said he
was unaware of any opposition by university physicians when he signed the contract.

Then-Curators Chairman Don Walsworth said he could not recall whether he told Floyd to sign the
contract, despite an April 7 letter in which he instructed Floyd to complete the negotiations with
Smith. In addition, Russell told Calhoun in an e-mail the day the contract was signed that Walsworth
"authorized" Floyd to "complete the negotiations pertaining to the contract."

Asked whether he advocated for the contract to be given to Smith, Walsworth said, "I don‘t know
what you‘re talking about."

Sources close to the process, however, said Walsworth‘s close relationship with MU Athletic Director
Mike Alden and the athletic director‘s support of Smith as team physician might have influenced the
outcome.

Though the contract appoints Smith top team physician, it, and an accompanying attachment written
by Floyd, describes an arrangement that brings the university sports medicine group into the fold.

Floyd directed Smith and former MU physician Steven Kane to work together in "a collaborative and
collegial fashion." Eventually, Floyd wrote in 2005, he anticipated the two practices would share
responsibilities for care of athletes evenly.


                                                                                                         7
The deal left the private group‘s Smith with the power to divvy up MU sports teams between the
groups, though, and the lucrative, high-profile Tiger football team stayed with the private practice. The
MU physicians were unappeased.

"If you don‘t have football, or a share of football, you really don‘t have sports medicine," said a source
close to the process who requested anonymity. "It has the most athletes, the most patients, the most
procedures, is the most profitable and the most visible. Anybody with any sense would trade all of the
rest of the sports for football. So the key motivation for the contract was keeping that."

A letter to UM System President Gary Forsee dated June 18 and signed by all 22 MU orthopedic
surgeons recounted an "urgent concern regarding the future" of the department. The letter described a
remarkable transition of the department since Calhoun arrived four years ago and said the university
was in danger of losing the department chairman and the confidence of its physicians.

"Dr. Calhoun is considering leaving because the University, reversing itself from past commitments, in
2007 determined that non-University Physicians would be better qualified to provide medical services
for MU Intercollegiate Athletics. …

"How are we to tell patients that we should be their first choice for health care when the University,
tellingly, sends its own athletes to a competing provider?"

Forsee referred questions about the letter to medical school Dean Bill Crist, who, through a
spokesman, said last week and this week that he was too busy to talk about the issue.

In Calhoun‘s four years as chairman, he has raised the stature of the department to a national level,
recruiting more than 20 physicians with the promise of athletic care and a new orthopedic hospital.
The medical school broke ground June 5 for the $52.5 million Missouri Orthopaedic Institute.

William Allen, emeritus professor of orthopedic surgery and a signatory of the letter, said Calhoun
nurtured morale and gave high hopes to the physicians he recruited.

"This is probably one of the better or best residency programs in the country right now, and most of
that is because of our young faculty that Calhoun has brought in," he said.

Kane, the former associate director of sports medicine, this month took over as chairman and director
of the residency program at the Atlanta Medical Center. He said the contract with Smith left him in a
difficult position, so when he received a competitive job offer, he accepted.

Kane said ceding care of the football team and other teams to the private group represents millions of
dollars in lost revenue. "It‘s an economics decision," he said. "By giving away or by signing a contract
with a competitor - the private group in town competes for patients from the medical school - it
economically damages the orthopedic department and the medical school."




                                                                                                         8
Columbia Daily Tribune
Surgical robot provides new options in the treatment of prostate cancer
By MATT SPLETT
Sunday, July 20, 2008

University of Missouri Health Care is the first health system in Mid-Missouri to offer prostate cancer
patients robotic minimally invasive surgery using the da Vinci surgical system. The National Cancer
Institute estimates one in six men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime, and the da
Vinci surgical robot gives patients a promising new treatment option for the life-threatening disease.

The surgeon-assisted da Vinci robot brings patients an innovative form of treatment that combines
robotics and surgical technology. During an operation, the surgeon uses the robot‘s four surgical arms
to make tiny incisions in the patient‘s abdomen. These incisions are usually one to two centimeters in
length, and smaller than a dime.

Robotic surgery offers patients many benefits not available through traditional laparoscopic or open
surgery. Patients enjoy less pain, blood loss and scarring, shorter hospital stays and a quicker return to
daily activities.

―The da Vinci will help us get patients back on their feet in days rather than weeks, with minimal
scarring and less risk of infection,‖ said Scott Troxel, M.D., a urologist and medical director of robotic
surgery for University of Missouri Health Care. ―The da Vinci robot may be the most effective, least
invasive surgical option available today.‖

Often times, prostate cancer patients express concern about incontinence and impotence.

These conditions can be real side effects for men who undergo traditional prostate cancer surgery.
However, robotic surgery is a nerve-sparing procedure, and men rarely experience diminished long-
term capacities.

―Surgery with the da Vinci robot improves the short-and long-term health of the patient,‖ Troxel said.
―This technology will position University of Missouri Health Care as a leader in robotic surgery for the
future.‖

Every movement of the robot is controlled by human hands. During an operation, the surgeon sits a
few feet away from the patient and views a magnified three-dimensional, high definition image on a
console. The da Vinci‘s robotic cameras can magnify the surgical site or organ 10 to 12 times,
providing the surgeon an enhanced visual image for greater control and precision.

Using hand controls, the surgeon is able to guide the robot‘s four interactive arms, which are
positioned inside the patient. The surgeon‘s hand, wrist and finger movements translate into precise,
real-time movements of surgical instruments inside the patient. The robotic instruments can be
articulated to open and close and fully turn and twist, to mimic the human hand or wrist. The da Vinci
can also filter out hand tremors, further enhancing surgical precision.

―The da Vinci robot allows surgeons better visualization, more dexterity, more control and more
precision than traditional laparoscopic and open surgeries,‖ said Steven Dresner, M.D., a urologist and
chief of staff at Columbia Regional Hospital, where the da Vinci robot is located.

The da Vinci surgical system is the only robotic-assisted surgical system available for use in minimally
invasive procedures. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the da Vinci to



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assist in minimally invasive surgeries including cardiac, urology, gynecologic, pediatric and general
surgery procedures.

At University of Missouri Health Care, the da Vinci will initially be used for prostate cancer,
hysterectomy and gastrointestinal surgeries.

Physicians at University of Missouri Health Care must complete advanced training and receive
certification from Intuitive Surgical, the vendor for the da Vinci surgical system, before operating the
da Vinci.

For more information on the da Vinci surgical system or prostate cancer treatment options at
University of Missouri Health Care, please call (573) 882-1647 or visit www.muhealth.org.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
Funding shift cheers MU libraries
By ABRAHAM MAHSHIE
Thursday, July 24, 2008

At the end of a ceremony yesterday highlighting fundraising achievements, University of Missouri Director
of Libraries Jim Cogswell smiled and whispered to himself, "Yay!"

An eight-year funding campaign that ended June 30 raised $8.1 million for the libraries, surpassing an $8
million goal outlined in 2000.

MU libraries were in dire straits in October, when Cogswell sent a letter to the faculty notifying them that
automatic purchases of books had been put on hold and subscriptions to some widely used scholarly
journals might not be renewed. By January, the libraries were facing an $850,000 budget gap.
"A lot has changed since then," Cogswell said yesterday, explaining that since the state cut specific funding
for libraries in 2005 and scaled back funding for higher education, colleges have had to find other revenue.

MU Provost Brian Foster reallocated $850,000 of campus funds to a recurring payment that will help the
libraries cover the rising cost of books and periodical subscriptions. "It moved up the priority list," he said
of the library system.

But donors were the main reason orange punch and cookies were served yesterday in the Ellis Library
Grand Reading Room, though persuading some alums to donate was a big challenge.

"No one graduates from the library," said Chancellor Emeritus Richard Wallace, explaining that alumni
often have an affinity for the department that awarded them a degree, but not the library. He said the library
"is critically important to all the academic units."

The libraries include the main Ellis Library and eight branch libraries for engineering, geological sciences,
health sciences, journalism, the Columbia Missourian newspaper, mathematical sciences, university archives
and veterinary medicine.

During the course of the funding campaign, the libraries‘ endowment rose from $2.3 million to $4.5 million
as 24 additional endowments were established that help buttress the library budget.

"What we are finding is people suddenly realize that the libraries are a legitimate place to put their money,
and they never thought of it before," Cogswell said.

He added that private, corporate and foundation support have become a necessary part of a proper funding
model that formerly relied on state and student tuition dollars.

Cogswell commended a promise by Foster that inflation also would be factored into making up the
libraries‘ shortfall. After the brief celebration, Cogswell cautioned that not all the libraries‘ problems have
been resolved.

The rate of inflation for publications purchased by the library sometimes exceeds 10 percent a year.
Cogswell believes at some point a combination of a new student fee for libraries and additional funds will
be needed to avoid another library crisis like last fall.

Cogswell characterized the funding shortfall for higher education as a nationwide problem that past
generations addressed.

Unless state and federal governments act now, he warned, U.S. competitiveness will remain at risk. "They‘re
denying all of the legacy that higher education has left for this country," he said.




                                                                                                                  11
Columbia Missourian
Construction of Reynolds Journalism Institute nears completion
Tuesday, July 22, 2008

COLUMBIA —Not too long ago, half of the quadrangle was a home to construction equipment that
helped build the Reynolds Journalism Institute, including a tarp that covered all the affected ground.
The tarp was recently removed.

Construction workers for Kozeny-Wagner/Sircal contractors also began moving furniture into the
journalism institute on Monday.

Kozeny-Wager‘s Web site lists customers such as Anheuser-Busch and several city holdings; the site
says the key to their success ―lies in its people. Every construction project reflects the spirit and talent
of the people who build it.‖

The company is based in Arnold, and Sircal Contracting is based in Columbia.

Construction on the journalism institute is scheduled to be completed by the beginning of the fall
semester, though it was originally planned to be finished the year before. A current view of
developments can be seen via a webcam mounted on Gannett Hall, a building within the quadrangle.

According to the School of Journalism‘s Web site, the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation gave $31
million in February 2004 to build the institute and ―the new center will focus on advanced studies of
journalism and its role in democratic societies.‖




                                                                                                           12
Columbia Missourian
Hinkson Creek grants awarded to MU, Boone County Commission
By ELIZABETH EBERLIN
Thursday, July 24, 2008

COLUMBIA - The Missouri Department of Natural Resources awarded two grants totaling $680,884
to the Boone County Commission and MU on Thursday to address water quality issues on Hinkson
Creek.

The $300,884 grant to the Boone County Commission will be used to continue the Hinkson Creek
Watershed Restoration Project. The Restoration Project is seeking to address development-related
erosion and water quality issues on the Hinkson and to educate residents living near the creek about
maintaining healthy watersheds. The second phase of the project will focus on providing incentives for
development techniques that will contribute to reducing storm flow.

A second $380,000 grant will be used by MU for a three-year project to monitor the creek and its
hydrological cycle. Four stations will be installed along the creek to gather data about such things as
sediment and climate.

Funding for the grants was provided by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Clean Water
Act. Hinkson Creek is on the federal list of impaired waters, a designation that means the creek's water
quality does not meet the standards set forth by the Clean Water Act.




                                                                                                          13
Columbia Missourian
A status report on MU construction projects
By KATIE DREXLER
Thursday, July 24, 2008

COLUMBIA - Summer at MU often means that Columbia residents and summer school students have
to navigate through closed streets, blocked sidewalks and construction fencing as Campus Facilities
readies for the return of students in the fall. Associate Director of Campus Facilities Phil Shocklee
addressed some of the concerns that some people might have.

Q. Why does Campus Facilities usually schedule a lot of construction projects for the summer?

A. Well, there are two reasons. One is the weather - it is typically better in the summer - and there are
less people on campus. Mostly we try to minimize inconveniences. Some of the projects have actually
been going on for a while and are finishing up.

Q. There seem to be a lot of projects. Are there more this summer than previous summers?

A. There are more active major projects than other summers, especially utility projects, and that's
because in the summer it causes less disruption.

Q. Does private funding of projects affect when you have to start them?

A. Well, funding has to be in place before we start a project, and we work very closely with the person
funding it. But generally it doesn't affect when the project gets started.

Q. What measures are being taken to ensure that people can still get around campus?

A. We work closely with various departments on campus, and I personally send out e-mails about road
closings and make sure there are alternative routes. We recognize that it does cause inconveniences,
but there often aren't very many options to complete the projects that need to be completed. Our goal
is to have streets reopened before school starts. We also have updated information on our Web site.

Q. Do you think that construction has a negative effect on potential students who are visiting the
campus in the summer time?

A. I would hope that it would be viewed in a positive light. It's progress, and we hope that it would be
viewed that way.




                                                                                                       14
Columbia Daily Tribune
College students filling in at polls
Grant money helping with election training.
By TERRY GANEY
Thursday, July 24, 2008

With the help of a $12,000 state grant, the Boone County Clerk‘s office is training more than 100
college students to be poll workers and judges in the Aug. 5 primary election, Clerk Wendy Noren said
today.

Secretary of State Robin Carnahan‘s office is distributing about $500,000 in federal funds to counties
around the state to train student poll workers. Boone County‘s share is based on a formula related to
the number of registered voters.

Noren said the money is coming at a good time to train people not just for the upcoming primary, but
for the Nov. 4 general election when heavy turnout is expected.

"She is freeing up some of the federal money that she has for us to use," Noren said. "That‘s great."

In June, the University of Missouri‘s Truman School of Public Affairs put out the word by way of
posters and e-mails seeking college students for poll workers. Within two days, about 200 had
volunteered. At the same time, the secretary of state‘s Web site - www.sos.mo.gov/pollworker - has a
place where people can sign up to work the upcoming elections.

Carnahan said the money being distributed is for training and for stipends paid to workers. It comes
from the federal Help America Vote Act. "If all the counties take us up on the offer, we could add
about 40 percent more election judges in polling places on Election Day," Carnahan said. "That would
be some 8,000 more additional bodies there."

Turnout was three times higher in Missouri‘s Feb. 5 presidential preference primary compared with
four years earlier. Carnahan anticipates that in the general election, 80 percent of the state‘s registered
voters may cast ballots. The Election Assistance Commission has predicted that this year‘s general
election will require twice the number of poll workers needed in 2004.

More trained people will be needed at the polls to keep lines moving, work with equipment and paper
ballots and handle problems that may come up with registration.

Noren said that for the August primary, some of the student poll workers are being trained to use
laptop computers that have a direct link to the county‘s computer system. Others are learning how to
maintain the voting equipment. Poll workers undergo nine hours of training that focuses on
provisional balloting, processing voters and opening and closing polling stations.

"We are trying to train and place as many people as possible and get them experience w ith one election
before they have to do the presidential election," Noren said. "We have a lot more judges than we
actually need for this particular election, but we need them to be out there learning how to set up a
polling place and actually learning about the problems that come up."




                                                                                                          15
Columbia Daily Tribune
Fraternity house fire causes minor damage
By the Tribune’s staff
Wednesday, July 23, 2008

A kitchen fire yesterday at a University of Missouri fraternity house caused minor damage but no
injuries, the Columbia Fire Department said.

Firefighters were called at 4:22 p.m. to the Sigma Pi house at 808 S. Providence Road, according to a
fire department news release. Crews extinguished the fire in 10 minutes.

Eight residents are staying in the house this summer, but only four were home during the fire, the
news release said.

Paul Ballenger was returning from class when he noticed smoke coming from the back of the house
and ran inside to warn the others, the news release said. Ballenger tried to fight the flames with a fire
extinguisher while another resident, Chris Schuck, phoned 911. Zach Thompson then tried to
extinguish the fire but was driven out of the kitchen by smoke as the extinguisher ran out of agent, the
news release said.

The cause of the fire remains under investigation, but the origin is in the kitchen on or near the stove,
the news release said. An initial damage estimate is $10,000.




                                                                                                        16
Springfield News-Leader
MSU president part of group discussion on global changes’ impact on universities
Tuesday, July 22, 2008

Missouri State University President Michael T. Nietzel will be part of a group assessing how global
economic, political and technological changes will affect America‘s public universities.

Nietzel will be among 12 university presidents and chancellors serving on the American Association of
State Colleges and Universities Commission on Presidential Leadership and Global Competitiveness.

The commission chaired by Bruce Shepard, former University of Wisconsin-Green Bay chancellor and
president-designate of Western Washington University, will recommend initiatives to help graduates be
globally competitive, according to a news release from MSU.

AASCU is the leadership association of 430 public colleges and universities. Enrolling more than 3
million students, these institutions fulfill the expectations of a public university by working for the
public good through education, stewardship and engagement, thereby improving the lives of people in
their community, their region and their state.




                                                                                                      17
Springfield News-Leader
Hayes named chief financial officer at Missouri State
Thursday, July 24, 2008

Longtime Missouri State University employee Nila Hayes has been named the university‘s chief
financial officer.

Hayes replaces Kent Kay, who is taking a position with National-Louis University in Chicago.

Hayes will begin her duties Aug. 1 at a salary of $111,128. Her appointment must be approved by the
Board of Governors, which meets on Aug. 1.

The CFO advises the president on all matters pertaining to the management and operation of
accounting, accounts receivable, accounts payable, budget control, bursar, student aid disbursement,
budget preparation, ZipCard operations, financial information systems, credit management,
collections, fiscal planning, financial statement preparation, investing, payroll, purchasing, property
control, receiving, real estate and risk management/insurance.

The CFO exercises a major responsibility for the accounting and investing of the Missouri State
University Foundation and the Missouri State University Development Corporation. The CFO also
serves as the treasurer of the Board of Governors.

Hayes began at MSU in 1978 as senior accountant.

She has been the assistant treasurer for the Missouri State Foundation since 2002.




                                                                                                          18
Springfield News-Leader
City manager finalists named
Search committee, firm help narrow list of 250 candidates down to 3.
By WES JOHNSON
Thursday, July 24, 2008

Two out-of-state city managers and a Missouri State University vice president are the finalists to become
Springfield's next city manager.
The names of the three were revealed Wednesday, and the winner is expected to be announced on Aug. 11
after a series of public events and closed-door City Council meetings.

The three finalists are:
 Greg Burris, vice president for administrative and information services and chief information officer at
    Missouri State University in Springfield, population 150,797.
 Kent A. Myers, 55, city manager in Hot Springs, Ark., a position he has held for 13 years. Hot Springs,
    population 38,468, is in west-central Arkansas.
 Larry Stevens, 55, city manager of Edmond, Okla., since 2002. Edmond, population 76,644, is 13 miles
    outside of Oklahoma City.

Mayor pro tem Gary Deaver said the three emerged from a list of 250 people who expressed an interest in
the job to replace City Manager Bob Cumley, who retired in June.

"Our search firm Arcus Public narrowed that to 20 candidates and they did six interviews with each
person," Deaver said.

On Monday, the city council, Arcus and a 25-member search committee reviewed the qualifications of eight
semifinalists for four hours before voting for the final three.

"I feel so positive about these three candidates," Deaver said. "We had unanimous agreement on who our
three finalists were."

The public will have four opportunities to meet Burris, Myers and Stevens, who will be in Springfield
August 3-5.

On Sunday, Aug. 3, the candidates will be at the upper lobby at Mediacom Ice Park from 4 to 6 p.m.
On Monday, Aug. 4, there will be an open house with coffee at Park Central Square Library from 7:30 to
8:30 a.m., a reception at the Busch Municipal Building from 4:30 to 5:30 p.m. and an ice cream social at the
Phelps Grove Park pavilion from 5:45 to 7 p.m.

No formal town hall meetings are planned, Deaver said.
"The typical Ozarkian likes to meet people, look them in the eye and find out about them in person," he
said. "It's not a private process. I think most Springfieldians are more comfortable talking in an informal
setting."

The candidates also will meet with City Council members in several closed-door sessions the city says are
allowed under the Missouri Sunshine Law.

Once a finalist is selected, the council will negotiate terms of a contract, a starting date and do additional
background checks.

It's likely the new city manager will make significantly more money than he's making now.
At MSU, Burris earns $126,223 annually; Myers makes $125,000 in Hot Springs, and Stevens makes
$143,238 in Edmond.



                                                                                                                 19
A local three-member panel that looked at what 19 other communities similar to Springfield pay city
managers recommended three pay ranges based on a candidate's experience:
 Low range: $160,000 to $185,000
 Medium range: $185,000 to $200,000
 High range: $200,000 to $225,000.

Former City Manager Cumley was being paid $159,753 annually when he retired.

Burris was traveling Wednesday and could not be reached for comment.
MSU President Mike Nietzel said Burris told him he had applied for the job.

"He has been a wonderful vice president at MSU," Nietzel said. "He has many, many skills, both technical
and in terms of how he interacts with people. I would not want to see him leave."

Burris has no previous city management experience, a fact that didn't deter the search committee, according
to Deaver.

"We certainly talked about it, but that's offset by the fact he's so well respected in the community," Deaver
said.

Stevens, city manager of Edmond since 2002, said Springfield is a city he's been interested in for several
years.

He and his wife are Missouri natives.

"Springfield has had a reputation for many years of being a professionally run community, an award-
winning community," Stevens said. "We're very excited about the opportunity."
Although Edmond is much smaller than Springfield, Mayor Daniel O'Neill said there are 1.5 million people
in the metropolitan area of Oklahoma City only 13 miles away.

Under Stevens' tenure, O'Neill said the city built a major municipal complex housing several functions of
city government and is preparing to build a new public safety center.
"Larry's got a good working relationship with the unions in town," O'Neill added. "Our police and fire
folks, he got along good with them."

Myers, the Hot Springs city manager, said he has visited Springfield several times in recent years and was
impressed by the city's progress.
"My attraction was based on Springfield's great reputation -- it's recognized as a very progressive
community," Myers said. "I liked the downtown revitalization that's happening."

Although Hot Springs has a population of about 38,000, Myers said that's misleading.

"Three million tourists a year come through here, and we've got 100,000 to 120,000 people living in our
county area outside of town," he said. "Our economy is a lot like Springfield's -- very diversified, with good
medical sector."

Myers most recently was a finalist for the city manager position in Bend, Ore., a tourist-oriented community
of about 80,000 people.
A Bend assistant city manager was given the job.




                                                                                                             20
Springfield News-Leader
Op-ed: 11 th amendment, university’s interest figure in 2 suits against MSU
By MIKE SCHILLING
Tuesday, July 22, 2008

The twists and turns of legal system reasoning are often puzzling to those of us who aren't specially
schooled in such things, and two recent lawsuits involving Missouri State University are cases in point.

The first was a federal court lawsuit filed last year against the university by former MSU assistant professor
of theater and dance George Cron, who claimed he was wrongfully denied academic tenure, leaving him out
of a job when his old contract expired.

News reports said the case alleged that Cron was initially awarded tenure, but it was overruled separately by
two administrators, who apparently had other ideas about the professor's worthiness. After his grievance
was rejected by a personnel review group, Cron appealed through an arbitration process, and the arbitrator
ruled that he be given his job back and another chance to gain tenure. But the university's board of
governors ultimately overruled the arbitrator's decision.

Subsequently, Cron filed a due process suit in federal court against the university board and some university
faculty and administrators, asking that the university follow its published policy of standing by the
arbitrator's decision.

But last September, federal magistrate John T. Maughmer in Kansas City dismissed the case before it went
to trial, with a major reason being that the 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution does not
allow an individual to sue a state entity, in this case Missouri State University, in federal court.

Cron took his case to the 8th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals in St. Louis, which late this spring upheld
Maughmer's dismissal, agreeing with the 11th Amendment immunity as justification for the decision.

The full text of the 11th Amendment reads: "The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed
to extend to any suit in law or equity commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens
of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state."

The phrase that raises questions about the magistrate's reasoning is "one of the United States by citizens of
another state, or by citizen or subjects of any foreign state."
Is this a case of so-called "judicial activism?" One might easily think so because Missouri State University is
not a state, but created by the state and gets part of its money from state revenue. Additionally, Cron is not
a citizen of another state.

All this raises another question: If the Maughmer ruling invoking the 11th Amendment immunity is so
strong and sweeping, why did Missouri State throw in the towel on the Emily Brooker lawsuit in 2006,
before ever going to court to defend itself against her allegations of free speech and religious belief
discrimination?

Brooker's suit claimed she was downgraded for refusing to participate, based on her expressed religious
objection, in a social work program assignment that asked students to advocate for child adoption and
foster care by same-sex couples.

The university, in its settlement just days after the suit was filed, agreed to pay Brooker $9,000, cover costs
of $15,000 for two years of graduate education at a public college of her choice in Missouri, and delete from
her academic record a negative review of her performance in the social work program.

A good guess as to why the university immediately capitulated is that it didn't want to risk the public
relations damage that might result from standing up for itself on a highly charged issue that is a pet of the
religious right, even if a court might throw out the case based on the 11th Amendment.
Mike Schilling lives in Springfield.


                                                                                                             21
The Joplin Globe
MSSU president lays out plans to trim spending
By MELISSA DUNSON
Tuesday, July 22, 2008

Despite learning that her employer, Missouri Southern State University, had nearly $8 million in budget
deficits over the past three years, Susan Simmons walked away from a staff meeting Tuesday with a smile
on her face.
She learned that she was not losing her job as the coordinator of MSSU‘s teacher education program, but
that tough times are ahead for all the university‘s employees. And she said she appreciated knowing both.

Simmons was among more than 100 MSSU staff members who attended a summit on the institution‘s
financial situation. The meeting also was staged, officials said, to dispel a rumor that the university would be
cutting jobs.

After 19 years of working at the university, Simmons said, the candid financial information presented
during the summit made her feel respected.

―I just feel valued, and it‘s a very, very nice feeling,‖ she said.
Pat Lipira, head of the kinesiology department and former softball coach, said she also appreciated that the
university‘s finances were discussed so candidly during the meeting. It didn‘t make her feel alarmed, but
informed, she said.

―I think it‘s important that this is not a secret,‖ Lipira said. ―I appreciated the candor and openness in
letting us know what‘s going on.‖

Bruce Speck, who was hired earlier this year as MSSU president, conducted two identical sessions of the
summit Tuesday for staff members and will conduct another presentation when faculty members return in
the next few weeks.
He laid out the university‘s current financial situation, how it got there and what he wants to do to improve
it. Speck said he wanted to present the information to dispel rumors, and to create a sense of teamwork and
ownership within the university‘s employee base.

―I didn‘t bring you here today to talk about cutting jobs,‖ Speck said. ―We‘re choosing not to do that
because we think it‘s not a good idea.‖

Speck said his goal is to maintain the current number of university employees despite the fact that employee
compensation and benefits compose the university‘s largest expense at $35.3 million, or 51.5 percent of
total expenditures. But Speck said employees should be prepared to take on added responsibilities as some
vacant positions will be left unfilled.

Last year, MSSU had revenues of $66.1 million but spent $68.5 million. Administrators made up the
difference by dipping into the university‘s bank account. The same thing happened during the 2006 -07 year,
but the deficit was $4.4 million.
That trend looks to continue, as Speck said the projected deficit for the 2008-09 year is $2.6 million. It
cannot continue like that forever, he said. Reserves before the 2008-09 deficit is paid total $5.8 million.

The path
State appropriations have dwindled over the past 30 years, according to Speck, who said the state went
from paying 69.4 percent of a student‘s tuition to 34.5 percent. All the while, operating costs such as those
for utilities, wages and supplies continue to climb.

―We‘ve had a decrease in funding and an increase in cost, and I don‘t see that trend changing anytime
soon,‖ he said.


                                                                                                              22
As state funding decreased, Speck said, the university kept tuition constant and actually dropped it in 2006.
At the same time, he said, the university continued or increased the amount of scholarships it was giving,
and continued to hand out raises to staff and faculty members.
Speck said dropping tuition and increasing scholarships to increase enrollment did not work. MSSU
increased its tuition by 20 percent from 2002 to 2004 and lost about 100 students, but actually made a
profit. During constant tuition rates in 2004 and 2005, the university continued to lose students, and it also
fell back into deficit spending.
In 2008, the university had about 5,600 students enrolled, compared with about 5,900 in 2002. Students are
paying $33 more a credit hour now compared with then, and the university had a $2.4 million loss last year.

―It was a common-sense notion that has shown not to be effective in this case,‖ Speck said.

Missouri Southern spends $5.3 million a year, or about 23 percent of the money that tuition and student
fees bring in, on MSSU-funded scholarships. That percentage should be more like 15 percent to 19 percent,
Speck said, in comparison with other public universities.

―We are buying students to get our numbers,‖ he said.

The future
Earlier this year, the Board of Governors gave Speck a mandate to cut $500,000 from the 2008 -09 budget.
So far, Speck has shut down the Regional Economic Development Center that former professor Tom
Simpson ran before taking a job in Iraq. Speck said the center was supposed to be self -supporting, but it
cost the university between $80,000 and $90,000 last year.
Speck anticipates 2008-09 being a ―lean‖ year for Missouri Southern, and said 2009-10 could be even
tighter, but he thinks some of the changes being made now should start to show progress during that 2009 -
10 school year. At that point, he said, the goal is to begin rebuilding the university‘s reserves.

Other cuts that Speck hopes will add up to a big difference include:
 Behavioral changes within the staff, including raising thermostats across the campus to 75 degrees, and
   turning off lights and computers when they are not being used.
 Paring down events such as the faculty dinner that cost the university $6,700 last year and the
   international party that cost $7,000. Both of those events will still take place, but in less expensive
   forms. Speck also said the university is discontinuing its practice of sending flowers to employees
   because of sickness or a family death.
 Cutting departmental costs by reducing each of their operating budgets by 10 percent. Speck said half
   of the reduced budget will be given to the departments in the fall, the other half in the spring.
 Reducing the travel Missouri Southern pays for, both within the area and internationally. Speck said
   nothing with the athletic schedule will change at least for another year, and he still wants to pay for
   students to travel internationally, but possibly reduce the program to only one trip per student.
 Changing how scholarships are given to do away with ―stacking‖ scholarships and paying students
   more than the cost of tuition. Speck wants to reduce the amount of scholarships the university funds
   and supplement those with private donations. The scholarship changes are still under discussion, and
   Speck said whatever is decided won‘t go into effect until the 2009-10 year.

Capital projects
Missouri Southern State University President Bruce Speck said the school is able to continue construction
on the new Beimdiek Recreation Center, the new health and sciences building, and the renovations to the
mansion building during the current financial crunch because they are being paid for out of the capital
revenue fund. That money is designated by the source for specific construction projects and cannot be used
for general operating expenses.




                                                                                                            23
The Joplin Globe
MSSU president to discuss cost-cutting measures
By MELISSA DUNSON
Saturday, July 19, 2008

New M issouri Southern State University president Bruce Speck is calling the school‘s staff and the public to
an economic summit Tuesday to discuss the state of the university‘s finances, how the school got there, and
what needs to be done to improve the situation.

―It‘s not simply that I‘m going to fix things,‖ Speck said. ―It‘s important we work together as a team.‖

Speck has been studying the university‘s finances since he arrived at his post early this year. Some of his first
orders of business were a series of meetings with the finance department to discuss why the school was
spending more than it was making. Through those meetings, Speck said he realized the Board of Governors
did not have a clear understanding of all the issues affecting the university‘s bottom line.

Speck said the board has been responsive to his suggestions for cutting costs. Among those are looking at
alternative ways to fund scholarships and changing the way they are given and halting cost-of-living raises
for faculty this year. He said thermostats have been raised to 75 degrees this summer and lights and
computers are being turned off after hours.

―Those aren‘t the things that are going to save us the millions, but every time we do that, we chip away at
(the problem),‖ Speck said. ―This is a major shift in how we do business. It‘s about behavioral changes and
people coming up with their own ways on how we can save money.‖

Besides informing staff of new fiscal policies, Speck also hopes the economic summit shows the
surrounding community his commitment to transparency, and allays fears of staff cuts.

The meeting on Tuesday will include a question-and-answer portion and an open mic for people with
questions or concerns. Speck said he does not plan to cut positions as part of this shift in fiscal policy, but
may not fill some vacant positions, which, he said, would affect the workload.

Speck‘s ultimate goal is for the college to have $10 million in reserve funds. He also wants the entire
organization to make sure the money is available before spending it, and to increase enrollment. He
estimates it could take two years of belt-tightening to bring the school to that point, but he expects to see
big results by next year.

―People need to understand that there are better days ahead, but we have to change the way we do things,‖
Speck said. ―It‘s not a quick fix.‖

During his previous stint at Austin Peay State University, Speck said he helped the administration deal with
a 20 percent reduction in revenue over two years.

―I sat around a conference table and made difficult decisions, but Austin Peay came out of that with a
tremendous growth spurt,‖ Speck said. ―I know what it takes to get through this. It‘s not pleasant, but it‘s
what we‘ve got to do. There‘s no question about it.‖

Details
Missouri Southern State University is holding two identical sessions on Tuesday to discuss finances; one at
9 a.m. and the other at 2 p.m. Both sessions will be held in Cornell Auditorium on MSSU‘s campus. A
similar session will also be held for the faculty when members return in the fall.




                                                                                                              24
St. Louis Business Journal
Clayco completes $43M University Center at Washington University
By KELSEY VOLKMANN
Tuesday, July 22, 2008

Clayco Inc. has completed construction of Washington University's $43 million Danforth University
Center in St. Louis, the development and construction firm said Tuesday.

The 115,880-square-foot University Center also achieved LEED Gold certification by the U.S. Green
Building Council for it environmentally friendly and energy efficient design with the use of natural
materials and lighting controls.

Finished in 16 months, Danforth University Center is located between Simon Hall and Mallinckrodt
Center on the Washington University campus. The three-story building houses WUTV-TV, Student
Life newspaper, the student union, student and faculty dining areas, conference rooms, campus life
offices, a game room and a common area.

Clayco is a real estate, architecture and engineering, design/build and construction firm and one of the
largest privately owned businesses based in St. Louis with annual revenue of $871 million.




                                                                                                      25
St. Louis Business Journal
Webster University ranked among best employers
By KELSEY VOLKMANN
Monday, July 21, 2008

Webster University appears in The Chronicle of Higher Education's top five "2008 Great Colleges
to Work For," a list of national institutions with between 500 and 2,400 employees.

The national survey, conducted for the first time, ranked Webster University in the top five in 14
categories, including healthy faculty-administration relations, professional development, job
satisfaction, work-life balance, internal communications, connection to institution, health insurance,
supervisor or department chair relationship, perception and confidence in fair treatment, respect and
appreciation, policies, resources and efficiency, emotional connection employees have to an
organization, 403b or 401k and life insurance.

With its home campus in St. Louis, Webster University offers undergraduate and graduate degree
programs through five schools and a global network of more than 100 campuses.




                                                                                                         26
The Kansas City Star
KU makes list of colleges to work for
By DIANE STAFFORD
Monday, July 21, 2008

The University of Kansas is one of the ―2008 Great Colleges to Work For,‖ according to an
inaugural survey by the Chronicle of Higher Education.

Among large universities, KU ranked behind only Stanford University, the University of Michigan-
Ann Arbor and Emory, and on par with the University of Southern California in its number of top-
five rankings.

Modeled after Fortune‘s annual ―100 Best Companies to Work For‖ survey, the study surveyed 15,000
randomly selected administrators, faculty and professional staff members at 89 institutions of higher
education.

The results are published as special content for Chronicle subscribers.

Chronicle editor Jeffrey Selingo said the survey would be expanded in future years to invite participation
at more institutions. Meanwhile, the magazine chose not to reveal the names of any institutions that
didn‘t rank high enough to be included in this year‘s top-five rankings.

For example, readers won‘t know whether workers at Kansas State University and the University of
Missouri were surveyed.

The survey‘s goal, Selingo said, is to help institutions improve their workplace policies and practices.

A human resource consulting and survey firm, ModernThink Inc., collaborated with the Chronicle on
70 questions to find out how employees felt about their workplace conditions and benefits.
Meanwhile, KU officials acknowledged the results.

―This recognition confirms what we know — KU is a great place to be,‖ said Chancellor Robert
Hemenway.

The KU workers surveyed gave the university comparatively high marks (among other institutions
surveyed) for a ―healthy‖ faculty-administration relationship, ―collaborative governance,‖ good internal
communications, and an atmosphere of respect and recognition.

The respondents said KU has a good teaching environment and a pleasant and secure campus.
Workers said they have a good work/life balance, fair treatment, and an emotional connection to the
institution.

KU also got high marks from respondents for efficient management and use of resources.




                                                                                                           27
The Kansas City Star
Congress studies easy student credit
By DAVID GOLDSTEIN
Sunday, July 20, 2008

WASHINGTON | Credit card companies preying on college students should beware: Congress is
watching.

Bills reining in those companies are now in the works in the House and the Senate. One of the most
popular reforms among lawmakers, particularly as the economy sours, makes it harder for college
students to qualify for credit cards.

―It really is just too easy,‖ said Christine Lindstrom, director of the Higher Education Project at the
nonpartisan Public Interest Research Group. ―They will do anything to be the first card in college
students‘ wallets. They don‘t do credit checks. They don‘t even know if students have income.‖

Companies often set up booths on college campuses and entice students with freebies such as T-shirts,
sports caps and coupons for food, all in exchange for filling out an application.

Brett Thurman, a student government president at the University of Illinois at Chicago, told a
congressional hearing last month that he walked into a restaurant near campus last fall and saw four
laptop computers set up to process credit card applications.

A free sandwich was the reward.

―Students are poor, so applying for a credit card with a $2,000 credit limit is like winning the lottery for
us,‖ Klassie Alcine, a student leader at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, wrote in an e-mail. ―So
they end up getting between four and 10 credit cards without blinking an eye.‖

Alcine said she gets about five credit card offers a week.

Some companies have strict rules about signing up college students and make a strong effort to
educate them about financial management.

A spokesman for the American Bankers Association could not be reached for comment.

Kenneth Clayton, a credit card official with the group, told lawmakers last month that while some
students are not responsible about their finances, most manage their credit card obligations well.

―Restricting access to this form of credit would result in great financial hardship for most card-holding
college students and their families,‖ he said.

But that‘s just what two Missouri Democrats, Rep. Emanuel Cleaver and Sen. Claire McCaskill, hope
to do. They have each worked on legislation to tighten the rules.

Under their measures, students without a job or the written approval of a parent or guardian would
have to be at least 21 before they could qualify for credit cards.

―You cannot sign up students who have no source of income,‖ Cleaver said. ―If you do, parents or
some co-signer would have to guarantee that bill would be paid.‖




                                                                                                          28
McCaskill proposed her legislation last year, Cleaver more recently. Both hope their ideas will be
included in the overall credit card bill Congress finally develops. That probably won‘t be until next
year.

How widespread is credit card use among college students? How much are they in debt?

A report from Student Monitor, a market research survey, says 41 percent have credit cards. Of those
cardholders, 65 percent pay the entire bill every month. The average balance for those who don‘t is
$452.

Demos, a nonpartisan public policy group, reported this year that the average credit card debt among
students ages 18 to 24 increased 11 percent between 1989 and 2004.

In addition, nearly 20 percent were in ―debt hardship,‖ up from 12 percent in 1989.

Nick Bennett, a 19-year-old sophomore at Missouri State University in Springfield, has a balance of
about $800 on his credit card. He is slowly paying it off by working at a sporting goods store this
summer.

Even with the debt, Bennett said, the card was a lifesaver.

―I wouldn‘t be able to pay frat dues or pay for books,‖ he said.
But if students such as Bennett are not that concerned, others on Capitol Hill are, especially with the
turmoil in the lending industry.

―No one should get a credit card that has not demonstrated creditworthiness,‖ McCaskill said. ―The
reason these kids are all getting the credit cards is because the credit card companies know that if the
kids get into trouble, their parents, in all likelihood, will bail them out.‖




                                                                                                          29
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Battles over state spending and black colleges slow higher-ed bill
By KELLY FIELD
Thursday, July 24, 2008

With just over a week remaining until the August recess, members of Congress and their aides are
scrambling to complete work on a long-delayed bill to reauthorize the Higher Education Act.

Negotiations are now centered on just two issues: Should states be penalized for cutting their higher-
education budgets? And should Congress create one new program for black colleges, or two?

Time is of the essence. After lawmakers return from the monthlong August recess, they will have only
a few weeks of floor time before they head home again, this time to campaign for the November
elections. If a compromise bill doesn't clear Congress in that narrow window, the legislation will have
to wait until next year, when Congress will have to start the lengthy reauthorization process all over
again under a new president.

The fight over state spending is relatively straightforward, pitting a Massachusetts congressman against
a Tennessee senator. On one side is Rep. John F. Tierney, the Democratic sponsor of a provision in
the House-passed bill that would withhold certain federal matching funds from states that reduce their
own higher-education appropriations. On the other is Sen. Lamar Alexander, a former college
president and governor.

Mr. Alexander, a Republican, blames rising Medicaid costs for state higher-education cuts and says
adding more federal mandates on states isn't the solution. He has threatened to block the naming of
members to a formal conference on the bill if the so-called "maintenance of effort" language is
included in the compromise bill.

David P. Cleary, staff director for Mr. Alexander, says it is now up to Mr. Tierney to decide whether
he's willing to leave out the language and offer it as an amendment during conference or floor debate.
Mr. Tierney's spokeswoman declined to comment on the showdown, saying "matters are still under
negotiation."

Money for HCBU's at Stake

The second fight is more nuanced—and more parochial. At issue is whether a new grant program for
master's-degree programs at historically black colleges and universities should be open to
predominantly black institutions and whether it should be located in Title III of the bill—with the
other programs for HBCU's—or in Title VII, where new programs generally go. The "predominantly
black" designation, which was created in last year's budget-reconciliation bill, applies to institutions
with student enrollments that are at least 40 percent black.

With millions of dollars in play, those seemingly superficial distinctions have become a major sticking
point in negotiations, which have dragged on for months.

Kimrey Rhinehardt, vice president for federal relations for the University of North Carolina system,
argues that HBCU's, with their roots in racial segregation, belong in a different category from
predominantly black institutions, which serve large percentages of black students, but were founded
after the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision led to racial desegregation in public education.
While HBCU's were explicitly created to serve black Americans, predominantly black institutions were
not.



                                                                                                       30
"Their missions and histories are too different to be in the same pot," she says, arguing that there
should be two separate programs: one for HBCU's, another for the predominantly black institutions,
which are known as "PBI's."

The University of North Carolina, which has the support of Sen. Richard M. Burr, Republican of
North Carolina, is also looking out for its own. The system has three HBCU's that could benefit from
a new master's-degree program—Elizabeth City State University, Fayetteville State University, and
Winston-Salem State University—but no predominantly black institutions. If predominantly black
institutions are added to the mix, that would dilute the amount of money available to HBCU's,
particularly if Congress goes along with the president's plan to cut the colleges' discretionary budget.

"We've got a lot at stake," she says. "A million dollars to a school like Fayetteville—that's a big deal."

But members of the Congressional Black Caucus reportedly want a single, shared program. (The
caucus and several of its members declined to comment or did not return calls for this article.) Caucus
members argue that only a few predominantly black institutions would qualify for the program
anyway—largely because many lack master's-degree programs—and worry that the institutions would
suffer in the federal appropriations process if left on their own. Combining the two categories of
schools would give predominantly black institutions more clout and a better shot at federal financing.

A separate, smaller debate is occurring over where in the bill to place the master's-degree program, or
programs. Senator Burr says they belong in Title III, with the other HBCU programs. Locating the
grants there would increase the chances that the new program gets federal money and would ensure
that recipients could use the award for a variety of purposes, including equipment and capacity
building. But the House, which created the new program in its version of the reauthorization bill, put it
in Title VII, and specified that the money would be used for graduate fellowships.

For now, it appears that the program will remain in Title VII. But that could easily change. As
Congressional spokesmen contacted for this article repeatedly said, "everything is in flux" and "nothing
is final." One aide said members of the Congressional Black Caucus were expected to meet with Sen.
Barbara A. Mikulski—the Maryland Democrat who is leading the negotiations in the absence of Sen.
Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts—on Wednesday to discuss a compromise that could end the
deadlock.

Ms. Rhinehardt said the university is willing to yield on the program's placement, but is "holding firm"
on usage. She says it is critical that institutions be allowed to decide how to spend their money.

Meanwhile, the debate over state spending is taking a back seat, Mr. Cleary said.

"It's been cast into the shadows of the spotlight on HBCU's," he said.




                                                                                                         31
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Spellings campaign runs low on time and power to persuade
By PAUL BASKEN
Monday, July 21, 2008

Chicago – Education Secretary Margaret Spellings has made another high-profile attempt to convince
colleges that they risk painful government interventions if they don't improve the quality of their programs
and help more students identify and afford them.

With just six months until Ms. Spellings leaves office, colleges seem increasingly willing to keep taking that
risk.

The secretary delivered her latest public warning on the subject at a conference on Friday to mark the
second anniversary of a report by her Commission on the Future of Higher Education.

The secretary's commission, resented by colleges as much for its style as its substance, recommended in
September 2006 that institutions consider standardized tests and other methods for improving their
educational quality and the confidence the public places in them.

Many colleges have in fact improved their self-assessment methods over the past two years. A few have
even adopted standardized exams and publicized the results, and more are doing so.

But many of those were moving in that direction before the Spellings Commission began urging them to do
so. And many others remain resistant, believing that federal demands for accountability threaten the
individualism and innovation that has kept higher education among the shrinking number of endeavors in
which America remains an admired global leader.

Standardization vs. Individualism

Even when working with a few dozen college leaders who chose to attend its conference, held in Chicago,
the Education Department struggled to meet its goal of finding consensus on concrete additional steps that
the colleges could take in the next 18 months.

The resulting to-do list, crafted during seven hours of department-led talks over two days, included
directing more financial aid to low-income students and aligning curriculum from kindergarten through
graduate school. Separate groups of conference participants, representing corporate and governmental
leaders, backed similar goals. And like-minded groups of stakeholders produced similar recommendations a
year ago on the commission report's first anniversary.

Yet many colleges still resist standardized tests out of a concern that their missions are too individualized to
allow for meaningful national comparisons. Many continue to direct financial aid toward high-performing
applicants rather than low-income candidates out of a desire to improve their image and ranking. And many
are refusing to make a fuller public disclosure of their performance data, asserting privacy rights for both
students and the institution.

The exercises in Chicago appeared to do little to respond to those colleges' concerns. "Transparency is
vastly overrated as a solution," Daniel F. Chambliss, a sociology professor at Hamilton College, in New
York, told a conference panel in one of the more candid admissions of the attitudes among his colleagues.

"What the public wants is to get a good education at a reasonable cost," said Mr. Chambliss, a member of
the executive committee of the Middle States Commission on Higher Education, one of the six regional
accrediting agencies. "Rather than focusing our efforts on trying to somehow convince the public through
various data strategies," he said, colleges should "just do a good job and let them figure it out."




                                                                                                             32
That's not the data-driven approach favored by Ms. Spellings. Her under secretary in charge of higher
education, Sara Martinez Tucker, nevertheless claimed progress.

Getting the Data Right

Education Department officials were trying in Chicago to get the educational, political, and business leaders
in attendance to take more direct responsibility for meeting the commission's goals, Ms. Tucker, host of the
conference, said in an interview. Even if some colleges remain resistant, the department wants to "shine the
spotlight on those people who are doing it right," she said.

That definition of "right" remains under dispute. At the same time Ms. Tucker was leading the meeting in
Chicago, a former colleague was back in Washington accusing the Spellings commission of relying on
"misleading" statistics and outdated data to draw mistaken conclusions about the changes needed in higher
education.

"There's a real disconnect between the data they're looking at and the conclusions they draw" about the
quality of higher education, said Diane Auer Jones, who resigned in May as assistant secretary for
postsecondary education. She made her remarks at a briefing on Friday for Congressional aides.

As an example, Ms. Jones cited the statistic—included in the commission's 2006 report—that only 60
percent of students who enter college graduate. While that could mean that colleges are failing to graduate
enough students, it could also point to problems with the department's data-collection system, which
counts only "first time, full-time" students, said Ms. Jones, now president of the Washington Campus, a
consortium of university business schools.

The commission overstepped its authority by wading into a discussion of academic quality, Ms. Jones said.
The Education Department's role, she argued, is to ensure that taxpayer funds, such as Pell Grants, are
being spent wisely. It should not be trying to hold an institution to its own standards of achievement, she
said.

The commission's recommendations suffer from "a naive view that if we could just publish test scores,
parents could pick the cheapest school with the best test scores," Ms. Jones said. That view overlooks the
fact that families weigh many factors when choosing a college, she said, and fails to address the root causes
of rising costs—among them, excessive federal regulation and students' demands for amenities.

The Education Department itself could do more to help low-income students afford college by publicizing
cases in which colleges reduce their own aid when students receive Pell Grants, freeing up money to
subsidize wealthier applicants, Jon H. Oberg, a former department researcher, said in an interview.

Such diversions of Pell Grants, the main federal subsidy for low-income students, can be fought with data
showing which colleges practice them, as they cannot "stand the light of day," Mr. Oberg said.

Simplifying Financial Aid

Ms. Tucker instead highlighted for the conference the ways in which the department could help students of
all income categories gain access to federal student aid, proposing to shorten the government's standard aid-
application form to nine questions from more than 100.

The commission had called for a shorter aid-application process, a goal that has long been hindered by data
demands from individual states. Ms. Tucker's proposal seeks to overcome that by separating the application
into two parts, allowing the department to give students and colleges their aid-eligibility figures earlier in the
annual process.




                                                                                                               33
Complicated governmental procedures also may be handicapping the Academic Competitiveness and
National Smart Grant programs, two new federal initiatives intended to supplement Pell Grants for low-
income students who take challenging coursework.

The department awarded roughly $430-million through the two grant programs in the 2006-7 year, well
below the $790-million appropriated by Congress. Many institutions are "struggling with the process,"
especially when assisting first-generation college students, Stephen R. Sharkey, a professor of social science
at Alverno College, told Ms. Spellings.

The secretary faulted high schools for not doing enough to prepare such students. "There is a rationing of
rigor, of course work, that is embarrassing," she said.

Still Lagging in Science

The United States, meanwhile, is well behind schedule for a government-endorsed goal of doubling within
10 years the number of college graduates with science and engineering degrees, a business coalition reported
last Tuesday.

It's not just the Education Department that is warning colleges they need to do more. Allies such as Sen.
Lamar Alexander, a Republican of Tennessee who persuaded Ms. Spellings last year to back off her pursuit
of standardized testing, have made clear in recent weeks that they also believe the public wants to see better
results as the nation's economic health appears increasingly tied to its educational strength.

"I feel honor bound to remind you," the secretary told the conference on Friday, "that in the absence of
continued leadership in education, others will step in. When public demand reaches critical mass, policy
makers are compelled to act whether they're in the Congress or on state boards or in state legislatures."

Many in Congress backed Senator Alexander last year as he tried to limit federal oversight of higher
education. This year, as lawmakers work to complete comprehensive legislation governing higher education,
they are including dozens of new reporting requirements in such areas as tuition increases, transfer-of-credit
policies, computer file sharing, meningitis outbreaks, fire safety, voter registration, and technology disposal.

Colleges, by their inaction, are forcing that type of heavy-handed response from Congress, Ms. Spellings
told the conference. "I suspect their solutions," she said, "will likely not be as informed or sophisticated as
what you would propose."

Kelly Field contributed to this report from Washington.




                                                                                                              34
The Chronicle of Higher Education
New lobbying rules mean more scrutiny for colleges and their lobbyists
By KELLY FIELD
Tuesday, July 22, 2008

New federal ethics rules are creating headaches for colleges—and heartburn for their lobbyists.
The rules, enacted last year in the wake of the Jack Abramoff lobbying scandal, require colleges and
lobbyists to report their political contributions and certify that they are in compliance with a new ban
on gifts to members of Congress.

Colleges and lobbyists must also report how much money they have spent on events honoring
members of Congress and certain federal officials.

With the deadline for filing the first of the semiannual reports set for July 30, just over a week away,
colleges are scrambling to track down receipts and educate their employees about the new rules.

Elizabeth L. Clark, director of federal relations for the State University of New York system, is busy
collecting data from 29 campuses and one institute and reminding SUNY's nine resident lobbyists to
file their reports. She estimates that she will spend two to three days completing the first of the
required reports herself.

Increased Scrutiny

Colleges have been required to file semiannual reports naming their registered lobbyists and listing
their lobbying expenses since 1995, when Congress enacted the Lobbying Disclosure Act. But until
now, enforcement of the rules was lax, penalties were relatively light, and the reports weren't readily
available to the public.

The Honest Leadership and Open Government Act (PL 110-81), signed into law last year, added some
teeth to the rules. Under the new law, the Government Accountability Office is required to audit the
reports annually and refer problems to Congress. College officials and lobbyists who fail to file, or who
"knowingly and willfully" file false information, face fines of up to $200,000—four times the previous
maximum—and up to five years' jail time.

It is now also much easier for members of the news media and interest groups to review the reports.
Under the new law, the reports are published in searchable form on the Web sites of the clerk of the
U.S. House of Representatives and the secretary of the Senate.

Trish Brennan-Gac, a lawyer with the Law Offices of John E. Dean, says the threat of fines and the
potential for negative publicity have gotten colleges' attention.

"People are focusing on [the rules] more, asking questions they maybe should have asked before," she
said. "The enforcement power has really gotten people focused on doing the right things."

At the University of North Carolina, federal-relations officials are "digging deeper than we ever have"
to try to make the report "as accurate as possible," says Kimrey Rhinehardt, vice president for federal
relations.

She says the university has held several training sessions for federal-relations staff members and is
about to institute a systemwide policy governing interactions with members of Congress.




                                                                                                           35
Ms. Clark, of the SUNY system, says she and her colleagues are "spending a lot more time educating
faculty."

"We have to be accountable in ensuring that people understand the rules," she says.

Lobbyists in the Spotlight

The new law subjects lobbyists to greater scrutiny as well. While lobbyists' campaign contributions
have long been included in candidates' filings with the Federal Election Commission, lobbyists and the
colleges that employ them have never been required to report campaign contributions separately.

Under the new law, lobbyists are "under the spotlight in a way they haven't been previously," says
David S. Baime, vice president for government relations at the American Association of Community
Colleges.

"There has never been such an easy link between what an association is lobbying for and what its
lobbyists are donating," he says.

Meanwhile, colleges are grappling with how to comply with the law's new requirements governing
events honoring members of Congress. Institutions got a bit of good news last week, when Congress
clarified that colleges will not need to report money spent on tickets and registration fees for events
honoring members of Congress—a category that would have been vast and difficult to track. Instead,
only colleges putting on such "honoring" events will be required to report their costs.

That clarification should make the new requirement "much more manageable" for colleges and
universities, says C. Randall Nuckolls, a partner at the law firm of McKenna Long & Aldridge.

But the gift-certification requirement continues to confound colleges. In effect, that new law requires
each private college to vouch that no one at the institution has given anything more valuable than a T-
shirt to a member of Congress (public colleges are generally exempt from the gift ban). That can be
difficult, if not impossible, at large institutions with thousands of faculty members and administrators.

"It can be hard to keep your eyes on all your employees," says Ms. Brennan-Gac, who is offering a
series of online presentations on the new rules—the last of them scheduled for this Wednesday.

She says colleges can protect themselves by making a "good-faith effort" to track spending and educate
their employees about the rules. "When you can show you've done everything you can to inform
employees about what the laws are," she says, "then you're only accountable to a point."




                                                                                                       36
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Sen. Grassley pressures universities on science conflicts and financial aid
By JEFREY BRAINARD
Friday, July 25, 2008

Washington – The National Institutes of Health should get tough with academic scientists by revoking
their grants if they fail to report financial conflicts of interest to their institutions, said U.S. Senator
Charles E. Grassley.

The Iowa Republican, ranking member of the powerful Senate Finance Committee, also has concerns
about financial aid. He vowed to keep the heat on universities to ensure they spend more money from
their endowments on aid for needy students. If institutions continue to improve in this area, he will
not have to introduce legislation that forces them to do so, he said.

In an exclusive interview on Thursday with The Chronicle, Senator Grassley said he preferred increased
openness about financial conflicts and better oversight of university finances, and not new regulations,
to correct what he sees as problems in both areas.

"I'm on a campaign to make sure existing requirements of NIH and universities" are followed , "and I
don't think we have to pass any law to do that," he said.

Recently, Senator Grassley has singled out several institutions—Harvard and Stanford Universities,
and the University of Cincinnati—after his office determined that some scientists had underreported
their own financial interests in research projects supported by the NIH (The Chronicle, June 8).

Institutions are required by federal regulation to report the existence of those conflicts to the agency.
Senator Grassley is seeking more details from approximately 20 additional institutions about financial
conflicts among their scientists.

Since 1995, an NIH regulation has required scientists to report to their universities any "significant
financial interests" they hold in research projects financed by the agency. Those are defined as income
or equity interest of $10,000 from a company or 5-percent ownership of its stock. The universities, in
turn, are required to tell the NIH whether they were able to manage or eliminate the conflicts in order
to avoid bias in the research findings.

A January report by the inspector general of the Department of Health and Human Services, the
NIH's parent agency, said the NIH rarely checks up on the universities' reports (The Chronicle, January
21). Meanwhile, Senator Grassley's investigators found discrepancies when they asked pharmaceutical
companies to list their payments to researchers and then asked universities to describe financial
disclosures by those same scientists.

NIH Asked to Take the Lead
Mr. Grassley said that rather than leaning on the universities themselves, he expects to use the NIH as
the lever to pressure them. The agency carries a big stick, he said.

"If University X isn't doing their job, they pull one grant; that's all they'd have to do, it would send a
very clear signal," the senator said. "I don't know if I want to blame the university, although I don't see
how a university can be blameless." He added that he had little control over university practices, "but
I've got oversight over the NIH, and I want them to do their job."

Senator Grassley said that the NIH has informed his staff that it believes it lacks the legal authority to
revoke a grant on those grounds. But the senator disagrees.


                                                                                                         37
"If you don't have the authority to do it, I'll work to get you the authority to do it," he said. But the
NIH needn't wait for that, he said. "What university is going to sue the NIH because they pulled a
grant because the university wasn't doing what NIH says they have to do anyway? ... That's like being
caught with your hand in the cookie jar."

Mr. Grassley also said he thinks the NIH has failed to ride herd on universities adequately because the
agency wishes to maintain "buddy-buddy relationships with universities and with researchers," ties that
"are conflicts of interest in and of themselves."

The agency is working to change the senator's view. In a letter last week to Mr. Grassley, the NIH's
director, Elias A. Zerhouni, wrote that the agency was working to ensure that its oversight of financial
conflicts "is both vigorous and effective."

The NIH will soon formally request public comments about how the existing reporting requirements
should be "enhanced," he said.

Senator Grassley has already persuaded some of his fellow lawmakers to raise the pressure on the
agency. A Senate subcommittee approved last month a spending bill for 2009—which has yet to be
enacted into law—that bluntly directed the agency to fix the problem.

Raising Aid From University Endowments
Mr. Grassley said he will also be keeping his eye on another aspect of universities' finances: how much
of their endowment income they spend on student aid. He has criticized academic institutions with the
largest endowments for spending too little for that purpose, and he recently asked 136 colleges for
details about how they spend the income.

In their responses, many institutions emphasized that much of their endowment came from donors
who restricted the gifts to certain purposes, and student aid was not always one of them.

Mr. Grassley said, "Since money is fungible, I'm not persuaded by the argument." Despite recent
declines in the stock market, the endowments' growth before then provided "a lot of resources to help
kids in need," he said.

The senator said he is still considering legislation to require universities to spend a certain amount of
their endowments each year, perhaps as much as 5 percent—"I'm not sure that I really want to do that,
but that's an option." However, he said, he hopes it won't be necessary if more universities voluntarily
follow the lead of some elite universities to increase their spending from endowment income on
financial aid and other purposes (The Chronicle, January 18).

"I think I see an evolution of change of concern of universities toward the use of their endowment to a
greater extent to help students," he said. "I want that to continue and to the extent to which it
continues, it's going to lessen the extent of my maybe writing legislation."




                                                                                                        38
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Higher-education price index rises 3.6 percent, trailing consumer price index
By GOLDIE BLUMENSTYK
Thursday, July 24, 2008

The Higher Education Price Index, a widely used measure of colleges' inflation costs, rose by 3.6
percent for the 2008 fiscal year that ended on June 30.

But even as they heralded the good news of that moderate increase, experts at the Commonfund
Institute who maintain the index noted that broader economic trends could portend higher costs for
colleges in the months to come. "The fear now is that inflation is reigniting," said John S. Griswold Jr.,
executive director of the institute, in an interview on Wednesday.

The increase in the index, which the Commonfund Institute will formally report later today, is slightly
higher than the previous fiscal year's 3.4-percent increase but notably lower than the 5-percent increase
reported for the 2006 fiscal year. That year the index was affected by rising costs for utilities and
materials in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.

HEPI, as the index is commonly known, is derived by calculating the change in the costs of eight
categories of goods and services that colleges pay for in the course of the year. Salaries and related
costs make up five of the categories and 85 percent of the costs. Utilities count for 7 percent, and
supplies and materials, 6 percent.

Lagging Behind the CPI

For the first time since 1995, the annual increase in the index (and no, it has not decreased since its
beginning in 1961) was smaller than that of the Consumer Price Index. The CPI, which went up by 3.7
percent for the same period, is more heavily influenced by increases in costs for housing,
transportation, and food.

HEPI, because it is so dependent on salaries, is slower to reflect those costs because salary increases
tend to lag behind hikes in consumer prices.

Also, the HEPI calculations for utility costs in the figure being released on Thursday may be unusually
understated because the most current data available from the institute's source are from December
2007, while most of the recent spikes in the costs of oil and other utilities have hit in the months since
then.

The Commonfund Institute expects that colleges' cost increases for utilities through the end of June
will turn out to have been higher than the 0.9 percent it calculated, and that those costs will increase
more in the current fiscal year.

Costs for salaries are also likely to increase over the next year, said Larry M. Tavares, a consultant who
works on the index, because "people will be asking for raises to cover their costs" for higher-priced
food and fuel.

For the 2008 fiscal year, for the four categories of salaries that HEPI tracks, the one for administrators
showed the biggest increase. And administrative salaries, which went up 5 percent, were the only ones
that increased more than in the previous year.




                                                                                                           39
Mr. Griswold said the increase was a reflection of the high demand for colleges presidents, chief
financial officers, chief academic officers, and other top administrators, particularly at instit utions
outside major metropolitan areas. "It's a tight labor market. You've got to pay more," he said.

Costs for salaries of faculty members increased by 3.8 percent, the same increase as reported in the
previous year. Faculty salaries account for 36 percent of the HEPI, and administrative salaries account
for 10 percent.

The increases in salaries for clerical and for service employees, which together account for 20 percent
of the index, were 3.1 percent and 3.2 percent, respectively.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Campus planners discuss challenges in attaining sustainability
By SCOTT CARLSON
Thursday, July 24, 2008

Montreal – At the annual conference for the Society for College and University Planning, sustainability
isn't a foreign notion anymore. After all, SCUPers, as the members of the group call themselves, were
among the first to push the tenets of sustainability, whether that be energy efficiency, reduction of
carbon emissions, or just plain good design. Here, conversations about sustainability—either the
formal ones in sessions or the private, informal ones during refreshment breaks—often start out at a
fairly high level.

What's interesting is how those conversations reveal what barriers and attitudes these architects,
campus planners, and facilities managers face on campuses—and in what areas sustainability efforts are
probably going to have significant challenges.

For example, one campus planner from a major state university in the Midwest said he was in a
constant battle against false and outdated notions—like the myth that one should never turn off a
fluorescent light bulb because the bulb takes a lot of energy to power up. That's not true anymore.

Here are some topics that came up during conversations and at sessions at the conference that facilities
managers, sustainability advocates, and campus planners will talk about in the future and may already
be discussing:

Space Utilization. In an age of tight budgets, when building new space is tough, colleges will
increasingly look at getting more out of the space they already have. Robert G. Boes, a campus planner
at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Ann K. Newman, an architect at Shepley Bulfinch
Richardson & Abbott, said colleges should look for gains in space efficiency in offices and laboratories,
which typically take up a third of space on campus, rather than in classrooms, which make up only 5
percent of campus space. Designing flexible spaces was another hot topic.

Experimental Technology. Do colleges have a role or even an obligation to try out unusual energy
technologies and track their performance? "If not at a university, where else are we going to test this
technology?" said one campus planner during a sustainability roundtable. Unfortunately, he said,
administrators were skittish about adopting even proven but unusual building features, like solar light
tubes, which channel sunlight from the roof to interior rooms.

Pushing LEED Higher. Getting a basic or silver certification in the Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design program is admirable for now, but building projects will have to aspire to even
greater energy savings in the future. As many facilities managers point out, constructing basic LEED-
rated buildings or renovating buildings so they can attain those ratings inevitably jacks up the energy
use of a campus, as the buildings have more air conditioning and electrical outlets than buildings of the
past. Many architects would now like to strive for "net zero" buildings, or buildings that produce about
as much energy as they consume. Kevin R. Hydes, a vice president at Stantec and chairman of the
World Green Building Council, pointed to a big challenge in pushing for higher standards in
construction: It is not easy to change the construction industry.

Climate Neutrality. In British Columbia, officials have recently declared that colleges will have to be
climate neutral by 2010. That goal is so ambitious that colleges may have to buy carbon offsets in the
short term to meet it—by paying organizations to set up or maintain projects that mitigate carbon
emissions. Neil Connelly, campus planning and sustainability director at the University of Victoria, says
colleges are looking into everything from video-conferencing technology as a substitute for travel to


                                                                                                      41
unusual renewable-energy systems, like geothermal heating and cooling. Americans are not off the
hook. Many SCUPers believe that restrictions on carbon are coming and that the smartest colleges will
have plans in place before there are caps.

The Four-Day Work Week. Western Carolina University and Florida International University are
already doing it (The Chronicle, May 30). More institutions, like Cornell University, are starting to talk
about it. But how such a work schedule at a major research university would be set up is still unclear.

Rotten Infrastructure. Some facilities managers here gave an impression that things are far worse
than most people realize. An architect from a Midwestern state system said that one university in the
system relies on a machine that was built in the early 20th century, features leather belts, and requires
taking people out of retirement to custom-build parts for it when it breaks.

The Faculty's Role. When asked who is holding up progress on sustainability, SCUPers often point
to professors. Here at SCUP, faculty members aren't around to defend themselves, so they bear the
brunt of some private griping—and perhaps for good reason. After all, administrators have had an
interest in sustainability because energy efficiency equals lower operating costs. Students have been
associated with idealism, even if they don't live up to those ideals. Faculty members are seen as
pampered and unreasonable, unwilling to give up their cars, their parking spaces, or their lavish offices.
Who knows if the characterizations are fair, but they make for entertaining stories. Here's one: A
SCUPer who until recently worked at a Southern university said his institution had set building
temperatures a bit higher than average in the summer to save money on cooling. A professor
complained and demanded that the facilities department put a thermostat in his office so he could set
the temperature where he wanted it. The department complied—sort of. They put the thermostat on
the wall, but never hooked it up. The professor, the SCUPer said, could not tell the difference.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
New systems keep a close eye on online students at home
By ANDREA L. FOSTER
Wednesday, July 23, 2008

Tucked away in a 1,200-page bill now in Congress is a small paragraph that could lead distance-education
institutions to require spy cameras in their students' homes.

It sounds Orwellian, but the paragraph — part of legislation renewing the Higher Education Act — is all
but assured of becoming law by the fall. No one in Congress objects to it.

The paragraph is actually about clamping down on cheating. It says that an institution that offers an online
program must prove that an enrolled student is the same person who does the work.

Already, the language is spurring some colleges to try technologies that authenticate online test takers by
reading their fingerprints, watching them via Web cameras, or recording their keystrokes. Some colleges
claim there are advantages for students: The devices allow them to take tests anytime, anywhere. Many
students must now travel to distant locations so a proctor can watch them take exams on paper.

But some college officials are wary of the technologies, noting that they are run by third-party vendors that
may not safeguard students' privacy. Among the information the vendors collect are students' fingerprints,
and possibly even images from inside their homes.

"This is taking a step into a student's private life," said Rhonda M. Epper, co-executive director of Colorado
Community Colleges Online. "I don't know if we want to extend our presence that far."

The officials also want flexibility to comply with the proposed law. They worry that the government will
force them to use a particular method that could be too expensive or that would emphasize exams over
other assessments. They also complain that the provision implies that cheating is more of a problem among
students online than among students in a classroom.

Biometric Solutions

Three technologies, which vendors have been promoting at college conferences and which colleges are
evaluating, illustrate the promises and pitfalls of this kind of monitoring.

Troy University, in Alabama, has been testing a gadget that features a mirrored sphere suspended above a
small pedestal. Called Securexam Remote Proctor, it's about the size of a large paperweight and plugs into a
standard port on a home computer. The pedestal includes a groove for scanning fingerprints, a tiny
microphone, and a camera. The sphere reflects a 360-degree view around the test taker, which the camera
picks up.

Students are recorded during exams, and anything suspicious — such as someone else's presence or voice in
the room — is flagged.

To use the system, a student sits in front of a computer and places a finger on the pedestal. Securexam
checks whether the digital fingerprint and the image of the student match those the student provided at
registration. Then the test opens online via a course-management system. The student is prevented from
viewing anything else online.

The system is not cheap. Students pay $150 for the device. Further, it works only with the Windows
operating system and an Internet Explorer browser, creating a problem for students who have Macs, for
instance.




                                                                                                              43
Software Secure Inc., based in Cambridge, Mass., developed the device with $1.1-million in seed money
from Troy. In return, the university gets the first 10,000 Securexams that the company produces. If it sells
more than that, the university receives a share of the proceeds.

By the end of this fall, the university anticipates that about 800 of its 17,000 eCampus students from across
the world will have used Securexam. Thousands more will begin using the device in January.

World Campus, the online arm of the Pennsylvania State University system, is testing another system called
Webassessor. It uses proctors, Web cameras, and software that recognizes students' typing styles, such as
their speed and whether they pause between certain letters. Students purchase the cameras for $50 to $80
apiece. They allow proctors to view a student's face, keyboard, and workspace.

The Phoenix-based provider of the system, Kryterion Inc., employs proctors who remotely observe and
listen to as many as 50 students at a time. If the keystroke pattern of a student who is taking an exam does
not match the one he or she provided at registration, or if the image of a student taking an exam does not
match a digital photograph that the student provided at enrollment, then the student cannot start the exam.
A proctor can also stop a student who is acting suspiciously from completing an exam. Students must have
a broadband connection to use the service.

Kryterion charges institutions $20,000 to customize the software and for training. It also charges colleges
each time students sit for an exam.

World Campus has been trying out Webassessor this summer on undergraduates in two courses. "At the
moment, things look promising for a complete rollout," says Rick L. Shearer, interim director of World
Campus.

Challenging Questions

Several other universities are forming partnerships with Acxiom Corporation. The company's system relies
on test takers' answering detailed, personal "challenge" questions. Acxiom, based in Little Rock, Ark.,
gathers information from a variety of databases, including criminal files and property records.

The company uses the data to ask students questions, such as streets they lived on, house numbers, and
previous employers. If students answer the questions correctly, they proceed to the exams.
National American University Online is testing the system on its students, and the Colorado community-
college consortium is also considering using it.

Jeffrey L. Bailie, dean of online instruction for National, says he anticipates that the system will be used on
students when they take final exams or other high-stakes assessments. "We want to take just one added step
to make sure that the person on the other end is who they're reporting to be," he says.

He declines to reveal how much the system costs. But Michael A. Jortberg, who is leading Acxiom's higher -
education efforts, says it costs roughly $10 a student.

Unfair Burdens?

Despite the lure of these technologies, many college officials have decided to wait to test them on their
students, noting the cost. Furthermore, officials say, it's unclear what requirements the Education
Department would impose on institutions to comply with the proposed law.

"It's going to reduce access," says John F. Ebersole, president of Excelsior College, an online institution
based in Albany, N.Y. "It's going to increase costs."

Other officials are disturbed that the proposed law singles out online education.



                                                                                                              44
"We're feeling a little picked on," says Lori McNabb, assistant director of student and faculty services at the
UT TeleCampus, the online arm of the University of Texas system.

She says there's no evidence that cheating or fraud happens more often with its students than with students
in face-to-face classes.

How do professors know that a student enrolled in a large lecture class is the same one handing in an
assignment or test, she asks?

She and others say online instructors rely more on discussions, writing assignments, quizzes, group work,
and "capstone" projects to judge their students' performance, and less on big exams. Tests, when they are
administered, are often randomized so students in the same class get different questions, which must be
answered quickly, making it difficult for those unfamiliar with the material to take tests for students.
Instructors become familiar with students' writing styles so they can spot fraudulent work, officials add.

Mr. Ebersole, despite his worries about reduced access for students, does see one upside to the proposed
law. If the provision causes online colleges to document that their enrolled students are indeed the same
ones completing course work, online education could garner more respect, he says.

"If it raises confidence and credibility in the eyes of regulators and traditional educators," says Mr. Ebersole,
"it's worth it."




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Analyzing how students choose colleges is key topic at meeting of planners
By SCOTT CARLSON
Wednesday, July 23, 2008

Montreal – Defining students merely as "Millennials" is "a handy shorthand for the fact that kids today
are different from us," says Ken Steele, senior vice president for education marketing at the Acad emica
Group Inc., a consulting firm. But generalizations about plugged-in students don't get you very far in
determining how they choose their colleges.

In a presentation about how prospective students form impressions about colleges, delivered here on
Tuesday at the annual conference of the Society for College and University Planning, Mr. Steele
proposed a different set of labels for would-be undergraduates: the scholars, the careerists, the
conflicted, and the drifters. Those "psychographic clusters" represent students' motivators—either
pushed or pulled into college, either to get the college experience or to advance to a career.

Mr. Steele's presentation was based on data from surveys his Ontario-based company has conducted
since 1997 among 100,000 applicants to 20 to 30 Canadian universities before those applicants decided
where to enroll. Canadian institutions have used the surveys to shape their marketing and enrollment
strategies. Although the results reflect the attitudes of Canadian students, many of the points probably
apply to students in the United States as well. (Mr. Steele said he hopes to expand the survey to
American institutions.)

The student "clusters" he described would be recognizable to any college counselor or admissions
dean. Those in the scholars group are interested in education for its own sake, are motivated by
altruism, and are likely to go on to graduate school. The careerists attend college as a means to an end:
getting a job. The conflicted students are like the careerists but are not sure where they are going. They
are pushed into college by society or their parents. The drifters—who are likely to be male, white, and
well-off—are interested in the creature comforts of a campus and would rather go to college than get a
job.

High-school grades do not vary significantly among the clusters, but the groups are good predictors for
college success.

The conflicted and drifter students, who are likely to have been pushed into college, are the most
troubling kinds of applicants. "There is a lot of interest in the drifters and how to minimize them," Mr.
Steele said. Allowing students to take a year off between high school and college seems to help them
figure out what they want out of college and makes them better students, he said. "Pushing people is
not wise. If students have got the personal motivation, that is best for the institution and the student."

'Successful Athletic Teams' Ranked Last

Data from Mr. Steele's company show that students decide to go to college well before high school,
with girls making that decision earlier than boys do. In the surveys, students often cited career-oriented
reasons for applying to college. They most often chose their colleges for academic or career reasons,
like the reputation of a program or college or graduates' ability to get good jobs. A college's
amenities—like computer labs, latest technology, or social opportunities on the campus or nearby—
followed distantly. (The category "successful athletic teams" was rated last among Canadian students;
Mr. Steele acknowledged that the category might have more sway across the border.)

Mr. Steele's survey also attempts to figure out how students rate a college's reputation. A program's
prestige held sway, and in cases of journalism, fine arts, and education, the prestige of a program was


                                                                                                       46
more important than that of its college. Word of mouth was also an influential factor, followed by the
location, history, and size of a college. American administrators might be heartened to learn that the
college-ranking system of the Canadian magazine Maclean's, similar to that of U.S. News & World Report,
came in last as a factor in reputation.

Recommendations of friends and parents played a strong role in influencing college choices, and
colleges should be aware of the power of social media like Facebook, Mr. Steele said. Canadian
colleges have been ahead of their American peers in using such resources, he said, in part because the
Canadian institutions, particularly those in the east, have had to compete for fewer students in recent
years.

"Canadian institutions are already seeing the demographic declines that American universities are
anticipating," Mr. Steele said.

But traditional ways of reaching out to students continue to be popular, particularly the college Web
site and the viewbook. (About 75 percent of students in the surveys said colleges should continue to
print viewbooks rather than create online versions.)

College tours are a clincher, and friendly guides rate as the most important factor in a successful
tour—above knowledgeable guides, an attractive campus, and the opportunity to meet professors.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Cost, convenience drive veterans’ college choices
For-profit and community colleges are most popular among students using GI bill’s benefits
By KELLY FIELD
Monday, July 21, 2008

When Sen. Jim Webb introduced his "21st-Century GI Bill" last year, he predicted that it would give
veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan the same educational opportunities that World War II veterans
received under the original GI Bill of Rights, signed into law more than a half century ago.

The original GI bill "helped spark economic growth and expansion for a whole generation of Americans,"
Mr. Webb, a Democrat from Virginia, said in a speech on the Senate floor. "The bill I introduce today likely
will have similar beneficial effects."

The 1944 GI bill, which provided veterans with scholarships to the institutions of their choice, is widely
credited with democratizing American higher education, though some historians say its role as an
educational equalizer has been exaggerated.

Mr. Webb's bill, which was signed into law late last month, will provide military personnel and recent
veterans with enough aid to attend the most expensive public college in their states. Supporters say it has
the potential to significantly expand college access for veterans and to increase their ranks at traditional
four-year institutions.

But recent enrollment trends and interviews with veterans suggest that cost is not the only factor keeping
today's troops out of nonprofit, four-year institutions.

Many veterans prefer community colleges and for-profit institutions because they are more convenient and
cater to their needs. Last year nearly three out of five students who used GI bill benefits at the top 500
institutions that serve such students enrolled in a community college or a for-profit institution, according to
an analysis by The Chronicle (see list). While 6 percent of all college students choose for-profit institutions, 19
percent of students who use GI bill benefits at the top 500 colleges that serve such students do.

The reverse holds true for private, nonprofit colleges, with 20 percent of all students enrolling at those
institutions compared with just 6 percent of GI-bill students attending one of the top-500 colleges.

Those trends, coupled with the much smaller size of today's military, mean that Mr. Webb's bill is unlikely
to transform higher education in the same way that many historians believe its 20th-century predecessor
did, even though it may open up new opportunities for thousands of veterans.

Sending Veterans to Class

The original GI bill was born out of necessity and fear. With millions of soldiers returning from the war,
politicians were worried there would be mass unemployment and social unrest.

The legislation — which was to provide veterans with $500 a year (enough to pay for any university
then) — was an attempt to delay their re-entry into the crowded labor market and to pacify the returning
troops.

At the time, some higher-education leaders questioned the wisdom of sending millions of battle-hardened
veterans into the nation's classrooms. Others worried that colleges would be forced to lower their standards
and admit unqualified veterans.




                                                                                                                48
"Colleges and universities will find themselves converted into educational hobo jungles" by out-of-work
veterans, warned Robert M. Hutchins, president of the University of Chicago, in an 1944 editorial in Collier's
magazine.

Still, after the bill passed, most colleges rushed to accommodate the new students. By the fall of 1947, the
peak of their enrollment, veterans made up half of the student body at four-year institutions.

A majority of the 2.2-million veterans who attended colleges under the original GI bill enrolled at private
institutions, with many of them going to Ivy League institutions and top liberal-arts colleges, says Keith W.
Olson, a professor emeritus of history at the University of Maryland, who has written a book about the
original bill. Even more veterans, about 4.9-million, enrolled in vocational and technical training.

The modern GI bill and the newly created benefits will reach far fewer veterans, since the military is much
smaller today. In the 2007 fiscal year, a total of 343,751 people used GI bill benefits, according to the U.S.
Department of Veterans Affairs.

Few of those veterans and service members used the aid to attend elite colleges. In fact, only three private,
nonprofit research universities crack the list of the top 500 institutions that enroll students using GI bill
benefits, and none of those is among the colleges that are members of the prestigious Association of
American Universities.

Instead, like the veterans of World War II, the majority of veterans today use their GI benefits to attend
institutions that offer two-year degrees or emphasize vocational training. Of the top 500 institutions
enrolling recipients last year, more than 200 were community colleges.

Questions of Cost

Supporters of the new GI bill, and service members themselves, say one reason veterans gravitate to
community colleges is cost. While the original GI bill covered the cost of attending any college in the
country, the benefits available under the current version of the bill cover only 73 percent of the average
tuition, fees, room, and board at a four-year, public institution and 31 percent of those costs at a four-year,
private college, according to the Congressional Research Service. The only type of institution the benefits
pay for in full is a community college.

"We've created an incentive for people to go to the cheapest school," said Patrick Campbell, legislative
director of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America. The newly enacted benefits, which are scheduled to
take effect in August 2009, "allow veterans to dream bigger," he said.

The Department of Veterans Affairs doesn't track how many veterans transfer from a community college to
a four-year institution, or how many veterans already have some college credit when they enroll in an
institution with their tuition benefits. But the department does know that the average recipient attends
college for less than half the available time — 17 out of 36 months — and only 6 percent use up the full 36
months.

Mr. Campbell and other supporters of expanded benefits say those statistics suggest that many veterans are
getting associate's degrees, then ending their educations.

But the argument that veterans are making education decisions based on cost doesn't explain the large
number of students attending for-profit institutions, and it overlooks the fact that there are many more
forms of financial aid available to members of the military than there were after World War II. Unlike their
grandfathers, today's troops can receive Pell Grants and campus-based aid on top of their military benefits.

In fact, veterans who attend the top 500 institutions that serve them are only slightly more likely than
college students as a whole to enroll in low-cost community colleges. In 2007, 38 percent of students using



                                                                                                             49
GI bill benefits at the top 500 institutions were enrolled in community colleges. Across the country, 35
percent of students were.

But veterans are more likely than students in general to attend for-profit institutions. Of the top 10
institutions that enrolled students using GI bill benefits last year, six were for-profit colleges.

Keith M. Wilson, director of the education service at the Department of Veterans Affairs, says the fact that
there are so many high-cost for-profit colleges in the top 10 suggests that veterans are motivated as much
by convenience as by cost. Compared to the traditional college student, veterans tend to be older — half of
GI-bill recipients are between the ages of 25 and 34 — and are often married. Many of them return home
looking to build on specific skills they gained in the service, and much like other adult students, they seek
programs that allow them to balance work, studies, and family obligations.

For-Profit Appeal

For returning service members, then, for-profit institutions often fit the bill. Many veterans, like George R.
Rapciewicz Jr., 31, a former sergeant in the Marine Corps, choose online institutions over brick-and-mortar
ones.

"I hate driving to sit in a classroom with a bunch of people," says Mr. Rapciewicz, who attends American
InterContinental University, the second most-popular institution among GI-bill recipients. "Being in the
Marine Corps, you get lectured all the time, and you kind of get tired of it."

Mr. Rapciewicz, who sustained shrapnel wounds while serving in Iraq, says he chose the for-profit
institution in part because it offered more academic credit for his military experience than his local
community college did. He says taking courses online gives him the flexibility to work full time at a cable
construction company while spending time with his wife and their baby daughter, who was born two
months early and needed extra medical care.

Mr. Rapciewicz doubts he would have chosen a different college if his benefits check were bigger and
wonders why he would pay extra to attend a more-elite institution ("Because I want to be part of some
fraternal organization?") when his practical educational needs are being met already. He plans to use the
expanded tuition benefits to earn a master's degree at American InterContinental, where he is now pursuing
a bachelor's degree.

Other veterans flock to community colleges, especially those located close to military bases. Those colleges
tend to cater to veterans. They help them get their federal benefits, provide academic support, and make
accommodations for physical and emotional disabilities.

Anthony Mabutol, an immigrant from the Philippines, chose to start his education at Tidewater Community
College for practical and financial reasons. But Mr. Mabutol, who left the Navy to finish his training as a
nurse, says he would probably make the same decision even if he had access to more-generous benefits.
The only difference is that the extra dollars might have allowed him the luxury of not having to hold down
a part-time job while he attends Tidewater.

The college, whose four campuses are located near the world's largest naval base, in Norfolk, Va., spends
$400,000 a year on veterans' services, and plans to increase that amount by $200,000 this fall. It ranks
number 16 on the top-500 list, and veterans account for about 13 percent of the college's student body.

Colleges that provide veteran-oriented services gain credibility among veterans, says Maj. Gen. Michael R.
Lehnert, commander of the Marine Corps in the western United States.

"Marines are tribal," he says. "They'll talk to their buddies and ask 'Is this school supportive?' There's a great
deal of word of mouth."



                                                                                                               50
Compared to community colleges, four-year institutions can seem intimidating and unwelcoming to
veterans, says Derek Blumke, president of the Student Veterans of America. Mr. Blumke, who did three
tours in Afghanistan as an aircraft technician, says he had a difficult transition from North Central Michigan
College to the University of Michigan.

When he arrived on the Ann Arbor campus, at age 26, fellow students seemed perplexed by his military
experience, he says. Several classmates asked if he had killed anyone in the war. Frustrated, he formed a
campus veterans group and began to work with the administration to create a more welcoming
environment. Since then, the university has created a mentoring program and Web site for veterans.

Mixed Results After World War II

It remains to be seen if the new law will prod more institutions to reach out to veterans or if it will
transform veterans' enrollment patterns. But history suggests a skeptical view.

In the 60 years since its passage, the original GI bill has gained an almost mythical status. It has been
credited with promoting postwar prosperity, expanding the middle class, and democratizing higher
education in the United States. Some historians see it as a watershed in American higher education, the
moment when college was transformed from a privilege to a right.

In some ways, the bill was transformative. When it passed, the average American service member had 11.5
years of schooling, and only 8 percent of troops planned to continue their education after the war,
according to a survey conducted by the Veterans Affairs Department. Ultimately, more than half of World
War II veterans did so.

The bill also helped diversify the nation's campuses, opening doors to more Jewish and Catholic students,
as well as lower-class white Protestants and first-generation students. Black students enrolled in greater
numbers, too, though some were shut out of segregated Southern institutions and thousands were turned
away from overcrowded historically black colleges.

But some historians say the bill played a more modest role in the growth and diversification of the nation's
colleges than it's given credit for. College attendance was already on the rise before World War II, with the
number of bachelor's degrees awarded quadrupling between 1920 and 1940, according to the Census
Bureau. The GI bill accelerated this trend, but it didn't create it, says Robert C. Serow, professor and head
of the department of educational leadership and policy studies at North Carolina State University.

Mr. Serow and other skeptics cite a 1951 survey concluding that only 446,400 World War II veterans went
to college because of the GI bill. That number is not insignificant, considering that national enrollments at
the time hovered around 2.3 million, but it does not match the bill's mythology of social mobility, says
Lizabeth Cohen, a professor of American studies at Harvard University who has written about the bill.
Instead, she argues, it tended to privilege the privileged.

While middle-class veterans used the bill to attend four-year institutions, working-class veterans, many of
whom hadn't graduated from high school, tended to enroll in technical or trade schools, or on-the-job
training. The credentials they earned helped them get better working-class jobs but didn't propel them into
the middle class, she says.

'Veterans-Friendly' Campuses

The extent to which the new GI bill broadens veterans' college opportunities could depend in part on how
many private colleges step up to provide institutional aid to veterans.

Under the new law, the federal government will match, dollar for dollar, any aid that private colleges
provide veterans above the cost of the most expensive public institution in their state. If private colleges



                                                                                                               51
don't chip in, they could remain unaffordable for many veterans, particularly in states with low-cost public
colleges. In Pennsylvania, veterans would get more than $12,000; in Tennessee, they would get half that
much.

The law's success could also depend on how well institutions adapt to serve veterans, college officials and
veterans say. The American Council on Education, which last month convened a conference on veterans
education, says it plans to survey institutions to identify best practices and hold focus groups of veterans to
learn more about their needs.

Molly Corbett Broad, the council's president, says the new tuition benefits "make financially feasible things
that may not have been feasible in the past." She wants to help institutions make themselves more
welcoming to veterans so service members can take advantage of their new options.

Even before the new law was enacted, some four-year institutions already were taking steps to make their
campuses more veteran-friendly.

At the University of California at Berkeley, a campus known for its antiwar protests, veterans get a special
orientation program and priority enrollment in courses, a privilege previously reserved for athletes and
disabled students. Dartmouth College's outgoing president, James Wright, has helped create an educational
counseling program for injured veterans.

Some states are also stepping up. In Ohio, Gov. Ted Strickland, a Democrat, signed an executive order this
month that will allow veterans from across the country, along with their spouses and children, to attend the
state's public colleges at in-state rates, effectively granting them a free education.

But Mr. Wilson, of the Veterans Affairs Department, says he doesn't expect enrollment patterns to change
much under the bill, given the premium that many veterans put on convenience. "There will be a pretty big
push and a lot of competition," he said. "But I don't see people moving en masse across the country."

Senator Webb, the author of the bill, acknowledges that its scope is smaller than the original, simply
because there are fewer people serving in the military today. Still, Mr. Webb, a former Marine who attended
Georgetown Law School in the 1970s using military benefits, believes his bill will open up opportunities for
thousands of veterans. He predicts it will lead more veterans to "more traditional education" and help more
of them complete their degrees.

"What we're trying to do here is give people the options to use these benefits in a way that best suits them,"
he said in an interview. "You won't be having to hold down a couple of jobs while you're trying to get your
education. You can get it done in a shorter period of time in a time of your life when you need to get
going."

Sara Hebel and Scott Smallwood contributed to this article.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
U.S. visa data suggest a coming rise in foreign enrollments
By EUGENE MCCORMACK
Monday, July 21, 2008

The number of foreign students coming to the United States this fall may increase over last year , according
to colleges contacted by The Chronicle and visa-issuance figures from India and China, the two countries that
send the most students to American shores.

Growth appears to be likeliest in undergraduate programs, in which a number of institutions said they
expected to see a significant increase in international numbers. The forecast for graduate programs is less
clear, with some of the dozen universities contacted by The Chronicle reporting increases and others saying
numbers were likely to be flat or decrease slightly.

The U.S. Embassy in Beijing said that for 2008 it was expecting a 30-percent increase over last year in visa
issuances for students and exchange visitors. The U.S. Embassy in New Delhi said that student visas were
up 4.5 percent for the months from October to June, compared with the same period last year. Together
the countries account for 25 percent of the foreign students in the United States.

An increase in international enrollments would support evidence that the declines suffered by institutions in
recent years have begun to reverse. Last year the Institute of International Education said in its annual
"Open Doors" report that the number of international students enrolled at American colleges and
universities rose by 3.2 percent in 2006, which was the first significant increase since 2001.

The less-optimistic graduate numbers seem to support figures from the Council of Graduate Schools,
which reported in April that applications from foreign students were up only 3 percent this year, following a
9-percent increase in 2007 and a 12-percent increase in 2006.

At Ohio State University, first-year foreign enrollments in the undergraduate program, which has 1,100
foreign students over all, are expected to increase from 133 to 240, while graduate numbers are expected to
hold steady.

The University of Southern California, which has the largest foreign-student enrollments in the country,
expects significant increases all around. Administrators there anticipate a 12-percent increase at the
undergraduate level, and the number of students who have committed to coming using an online
certification site is up 17 percent for the graduate school.

Other universities predict little growth, however. Neither Stanford University nor the State University of
New York at Buffalo, for example, expect to see significant changes at the undergraduate level.

John J. Wood, associate vice provost for international education at Buffalo, said foreign students were
increasingly applying to many institutions, a pattern that does not necessarily translate into more
enrollments.

"This may be indicative of two things," he said, "the increased competition for international students
among institutions around the world and the increasing savvy of international applicants, who now have
more choices and are taking advantage of this."

More Welcoming

Admissions officers cited several possible explanations for enrollment increases, including continuing
improvements in the visa process and an increased perception that the United States is welcoming to
foreign students.




                                                                                                              53
Janice L. Jacobs, assistant secretary for consular affairs in the U.S. State Department, said the department
had worked hard on both issues.

"With our visa processing, we've become more efficient," she said. "We did hit snags after 9/11, but we've
improved our system, and students get priority in receiving visas."

Some administrators also said they had heard rumors that the declining value of the dollar was attracting
more students from overseas, but others dismissed the idea.

"The dollar has weakened, but not as much against Asian and Latin American currencies as it has against
the euro, and Europeans have free education, so it's still expensive to go to the U.S.," said John F. Eriksen,
associate director of international admission at Bryant University. "I don't see that as a factor that would
shift things very much."

Overwhelmingly, colleges and universities cited their own efforts as the reason for increases in enrollment.

At Indiana University at Bloomington, which expects a 5-percent increase in undergraduate enrollment and
a smaller increase in graduate enrollment, officials have been trying to raise foreign numbers.

"For quite some time, we didn't do anything," said Stephen A. Johnson, senior associate director of
international admissions. "In the last 18 months, we've created a position devoted to international
recruitment, and we have gone to 20 different countries and visited 16,000 students."

Similarly, Northern Arizona University, which is expecting a 30-percent increase in foreign students who
accept offers of admission to the undergraduate college, has recently made changes to increase that number.
"We've implemented a strategic plan for processing visa applications, and have a coordinator in China," said
Mandy Hansen, assistant director of international admissions and recruitment, "and our undergraduate
admissions are up from there."




                                                                                                               54
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Higher-education report wins New York governor’s support
By INGRID NORTON
Tuesday, July 22, 2008

Driving to Albany, N.Y., to meet with the governor on Monday, the president of the State University
of New York at Buffalo was afraid he would hear more "budgetary doom and gloom."

But after the meeting, the president, John B. Simpson, a member of the New York State Commission
on Higher Education, felt optimistic.

Mr. Simpson, fellow commissioners, and Gov. David A. Paterson met to discuss an ambitious report
by the commission, which concluded that New York's public colleges were chronically underfinanced
and overregulated. The 105-page report lays out a plan to provide a new program of low-interest
student loans to New Yorkers, and to recruit 4,000 doctoral students and 2,000 full-time faculty
members to colleges in the State University of New York and City University of New York systems
over the next five years.

The report also recommends reformulating where state colleges get their revenue, by having them
depend more on private philanthropy and allowing modest tuition increases. The efforts are designed
to make the New York State systems globally competitive and more accessible to students.

Despite the state's strained budget, Governor Paterson, a Democrat, promised to give priority to the
commission's recommendations. He said he would support legislation this coming year to create the
"critical" student-loan affordability program. The program would help students pay the remaining
balance of their tuition bills after state and federal aid are deducted. Some members of the commission
said the current lending crisis was a key motivator for recommending the program.

According to a Republican state senator, Kenneth P. Lavalle, who is chairman of the State Senate's
higher-education committee and is a member of the commission, the governor's support for the
student-loan program means it could be in place by January 1.

Mr. Lavalle sponsored a bill to establish such a program. It was passed by the State Senate in June and
could pass the Assembly by the end of the summer, if that chamber meets again. Mr. Lavalle said the
program would be paid for through bonds, which would total $750-million, issued by the Dormitory
Authority of the State of New York and administered through the State Higher Education Services
Corporation.

The future of the other recommendations remains unclear, but the governor voiced his support.
"We will first seek to implement those recommendations which achieve high impact at little or no
cost," said Mr. Paterson in a written statement released after the meeting with commission members.

Low-cost recommendations include modifying the auditing system for the state colleges. Mr. Paterson
also said he would "pursue innovative ways" to finance the recommendations that require state
backing. The report's $3-billion "innovation" fund, which would attract key researchers to the Empire
State, was authorized in the 2008-9 state budget but has not yet received state funds.

The commission was formed over a year ago by then-governor Eliot Spitzer. Before a prostitution
scandal forced him to resign, Mr. Spitzer vowed to make a strong state system of higher education a
key part of his political legacy. Since taking office in March, Mr. Paterson, a former state senator, had
been something of an unknown quantity when it came to executive support for higher education.



                                                                                                        55
Jay Hershenson, a City University of New York spokesman, said that given Mr. Paterson's record as a
champion of higher education in the Senate, he never doubted that the governor's commitment to the
state education system would continue when he took office. But because much of the state's higher-
education planning emanates from the governor's office, he said, it's too soon to tell what the outcome
of the commission's recommendations will be.

"As someone once said in a movie setting, 'Follow the money,'" said Mr. Hershenson, quoting the
"Deep Throat" character in All the President's Men. "We will be paying very close attention to the state's
next executive budget."




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