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					All keyboard Shortcuts


1.) Windows Hotkeys



      Shift + F10 right-clicks.
      Win + L (XP Only): Locks keyboard. Similar to Lock Workstation.
      Win + F or F3: Open Find dialog. (All Files) F3 may not work in some
       applications which use F3 for their own find dialogs.
      Win + Control + F: Open Find dialog. (Computers)
      Win + U: Open Utility Manager.
      Win + F1: Open Windows help.
      Win + Pause: Open System Properties dialog.
      Win + Tab: Cycle through taskbar buttons. Enter clicks, AppsKey or Shift +
       F10 right-clicks.
      Win + Shift + Tab: Cycle through taskbar buttons in reverse.
      Alt + Tab: Display CoolSwitch. More commonly known as the AltTab dialog.
      Alt + Shift + Tab: Display CoolSwitch; go in reverse.
      Alt + Escape: Send active window to the bottom of the z-order.
      Alt + Shift + Escape: Activate the window at the bottom of the z-order.
      Alt + F4: Close active window; or, if all windows are closed, open shutdown
       dialog.
      Shift while a CD is loading: Bypass AutoPlay.
      Shift while login: Bypass startup folder. Only those applications will be
       ignored which are in the startup folder, not those started from the registry
       (Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\)
      Ctrl + Alt + Delete or Ctrl + Alt + NumpadDel (Both NumLock states):
       Invoke the Task Manager or NT Security dialog.
      Ctrl + Shift + Escape (2000/XP ) or (Ctrl + Alt + NumpadDot) : Invoke the
       task manager. On earlier OSes, acts like Ctrl + Escape.
      Printscreen: Copy screenshot of current screen to clipboard.
      Alt + Printscreen: Copy screenshot of current active window to clipboard.
      Ctrl + Alt + Down Arrow: Invert screen. Untested on OSes other than XP.
      Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow: Undo inversion.
      Win + B : Move focus to systray icons.




2.) Generic
      Ctrl + C or Ctrl + Insert: Copy.
      Ctrl + X or Shift + Delete: Cut.
      Ctrl + V or Shift + Insert: Paste/Move.
      Ctrl + N: New... File, Tab, Entry, etc.
      Ctrl + S: Save.
      Ctrl + O: Open...
      Ctrl + P: Print.
      Ctrl + Z: Undo.
      Ctrl + A: Select all.
      Ctrl + F: Find...
      Ctrl+W : to close the current window
      Ctrl + F4: Close tab or child window.
      F1: Open help.
      F11: Toggle full screen mode.
      Alt or F10: Activate menu bar.
      Alt + Space: Display system menu. Same as clicking the icon on the titlebar.
      Escape: Remove focus from current control/menu, or close dialog box.


3.) Generic Navigation



      Tab: Forward one item.
      Shift + Tab: Backward one item.
      Ctrl + Tab: Cycle through tabs/child windows.
      Ctrl + Shift + Tab: Cycle backwards through tabs/child windows.
      Enter: If a button's selected, click it, otherwise, click default button.
      Space: Toggle items such as radio buttons or checkboxes.
      Alt + (Letter): Activate item corresponding to (Letter). (Letter) is the
       underlined letter on the item's name.
      Ctrl + Left: Move cursor to the beginning of previous word.
      Ctrl + Right: Move cursor to the beginning of next word.
      Ctrl + Up: Move cursor to beginning of previous paragraph. This and all
       subsequent Up/Down hotkeys in this section have only been known to work
       in RichEdit controls.
      Ctrl + Down: Move cursor to beginning of next paragraph.
      Shift + Left: Highlight one character to the left.
      Shift + Right: Highlight one character to the right.
      Shift + Up: Highlight from current cursor position, to one line up.
      Shift + Down: Highlight from current cursor position, to one line down.
      Ctrl + Shift + Left: Highlight to beginning of previous word.
      Ctrl + Shift + Right: Highlight to beginning of next word.
      Ctrl + Shift + Up: Highlight to beginning of previous paragraph.
      Ctrl + Shift + Down: Highlight to beginning of next paragraph.
      Home: Move cursor to top of a scrollable control.
      End: Move cursor to bottom of a scrollable control.


4.) Generic File Browser



      Arrow Keys: Navigate.
      Shift + Arrow Keys: Select multiple items.
      Ctrl + Arrow Keys: Change focus without changing selection. "Focus" is the
       object that will run on Enter. Space toggles selection of the focused item.
      (Letter): Select first found item that begins with (Letter).
      BackSpace: Go up one level to the parent directory.
      Alt + Left: Go back one folder.
      Alt + Right: Go forward one folder.
      Enter: Activate (Double-click) selected item(s).
      Alt + Enter: View properties for selected item.
      F2: Rename selected item(s).
      Ctrl + NumpadPlus: In a Details view, resizes all columns to fit the longest
       item in each one.
      Delete: Delete selected item(s).
      Shift + Delete: Delete selected item(s); bypass Recycle Bin.
      Ctrl while dragging item(s): Copy.
      Ctrl + Shift while dragging item(s): Create shortcut(s).
      In tree pane, if any:
      Left: Collapse the current selection if expanded, or select the parent folder.
      Right: Expand the current selection if collapsed, or select the first subfolder.
      NumpadAsterisk: Expand currently selected directory and all subdirectories.
       No undo.
      NumpadPlus: Expand currently selected directory.
      NumpadMinus: Collapse currently selected directory.


5.) Accessibility



      Right Shift for eight seconds: Toggle FilterKeys on and off. FilterKeys must
       be enabled.
      Left Alt + Left Shift + PrintScreen: Toggle High Contrast on and off. High
       Contrast must be enabled.
      Left Alt + Left Shift + NumLock: Toggle MouseKeys on and off. MouseKeys
       must be enabled.
      NumLock for five seconds: Toggle ToggleKeys on and off. ToggleKeys must
       be enabled.
      Shift five times: Toggle StickyKeys on and off. StickyKeys must be enabled.
      6.) Microsoft Natural Keyboard with IntelliType Software Installed
      Win + L: Log off Windows.
      Win + P: Open Print Manager.
      Win + C: Open control panel.
      Win + V: Open clipboard.
      Win + K: Open keyboard properties.
      Win + I: Open mouse properties.
      Win + A: Open Accessibility properties.
      Win + Space: Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut keys.
      Win + S: Toggle CapsLock on and off.


7.) Remote Desktop Connection Navigation



      Ctrl + Alt + End: Open the NT Security dialog.
      Alt + PageUp: Switch between programs.
      Alt + PageDown: Switch between programs in reverse.
      Alt + Insert: Cycle through the programs in most recently used order.
      Alt + Home: Display start menu.
      Ctrl + Alt + Break: Switch the client computer between a window and a full
       screen.
      Alt + Delete: Display the Windows menu.
      Ctrl + Alt + NumpadMinus: Place a snapshot of the entire client window
       area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as
       pressing Alt + PrintScreen on a local computer.
      Ctrl + Alt + NumpadPlus: Place a snapshot of the active window in the client
       on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as
       pressing PrintScreen on a local computer.


8.) Mozilla Firefox Shortcuts



      Ctrl + Tab or Ctrl + PageDown: Cycle through tabs.
      Ctrl + Shift + Tab or Ctrl + PageUp: Cycle through tabs in reverse.
      Ctrl + (1-9): Switch to tab corresponding to number.
      Ctrl + N: New window.
      Ctrl + T: New tab.
      Ctrl + L or Alt + D or F6: Switch focus to location bar.
      Ctrl + Enter: Open location in new tab.
     Shift + Enter: Open location in new window.
     Ctrl + K or Ctrl + E: Switch focus to search bar.
     Ctrl + O: Open a local file.
     Ctrl + W: Close tab, or window if there's only one tab open.
     Ctrl + Shift + W: Close window.
     Ctrl + S: Save page as a local file.
     Ctrl + P: Print page.
     Ctrl + F or F3: Open find toolbar.
     Ctrl + G or F3: Find next...
     Ctrl + Shift + G or Shift + F3: Find previous...
     Ctrl + B or Ctrl + I: Open Bookmarks sidebar.
     Ctrl + H: Open History sidebar.
     Escape: Stop loading page.
     Ctrl + R or F5: Reload current page.
     Ctrl + Shift + R or Ctrl + F5: Reload current page; bypass cache.
     Ctrl + U: View page source.
     Ctrl + D: Bookmark current page.
     Ctrl + NumpadPlus or Ctrl + Equals (+/=): Increase text size.
     Ctrl + NumpadMinus or Ctrl + Minus: Decrease text size.
     Ctrl + Numpad0 or Ctrl + 0: Set text size to default.
     Alt + Left or Backspace: Back.
     Alt + Right or Shift + Backspace: Forward.
     Alt + Home: Open home page.
     Ctrl + M: Open new message in integrated mail client.
     Ctrl + J: Open Downloads dialog.
     F6: Switch to next frame. You must have selected something on the page
      already, e.g. by use of Tab.
     Shift + F6: Switch to previous frame.
     Apostrophe ('): Find link as you type.
     Slash (/): Find text as you type.


9.) GMail



     Note: Must have "keyboard shortcuts" on in settings.
     C: Compose new message.
     Shift + C: Open new window to compose new message.
     Slash (/): Switch focus to search box.
     K: Switch focus to the next most recent email. Enter or "O" opens focused
      email.
     J: Switch focus to the next oldest email.
     N: Switch focus to the next message in the "conversation." Enter or "O"
      expands/collapses messages.
     P: Switch focus to the previous message.
     U: Takes you back to the inbox and checks for new mail.
     Y: Various actions depending on current view:
     Has no effect in "Sent" and "All Mail" views.
     Inbox: Archive email or message.
     Starred: Unstar email or message.
     Spam: Unmark as spam and move back to "Inbox."
     Trash: Move back to "Inbox."
     Any label: Remove the label.
     X: "Check" an email. Various actions can be performed against all checked
      emails.
     S: "Star" an email. Identical to the more familiar term, "flagging."
     R: Reply to the email.
     A: Reply to all recipients of the email.
     F: Forward an email.
     Shift + R: Reply to the email in a new window.
     Shift + A: Reply to all recipients of the email in a new window.
     Shift + F: Forward an email in a new window.
     Shift + 1 (!): Mark an email as spam and remove it from the inbox.
     G then I: Switch to "Inbox" view.
     G then S: Switch to "Starred" view.
     G then A: Switch to "All Mail" view.
     G then C: Switch to "Contacts" view.
     G then S: Switch to "Drafts" view.




10.) List of F1-F9 Key Commands for the Command Prompt



     F1 / right arrow: Repeats the letters of the last command line, one by one.
     F2: Displays a dialog asking user to "enter the char to copy up to" of the last
      command line
     F3: Repeats the last command line
     F4: Displays a dialog asking user to "enter the char to delete up to" of the
      last command line
     F5: Goes back one command line
     F6: Enters the traditional CTRL+Z (^z)
     F7: Displays a menu with the command line history
     F8: Cycles back through previous command lines (beginning with most
      recent)
     F9: Displays a dialog asking user to enter a command number, where 0 is for
      first command line entered.
     Alt+Enter: toggle fullScreen mode.
     up/down: scroll thru/repeat previous entries
          Esc: delete line
          Note: The buffer allows a maximum of 50 command lines. After this number
           is reached, the first line will be replaced in sequence.



CUT ACROSS WITH THE KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS
USING THE MOUSE IS EASY, BUT IF YOU REALLY WANT TO WORK ON YOUR PC
LIKE A PRO, THESE KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS GET YOU THERE......
                                               SHORT CUT
                  SR.NO.                                               USE
                                                 KEYS
FOR WINDOWS AND ITS PROGRAMS




1.                                                          Help
2.                                            F2            Rename an item
3.                                            F3            Open files
                                                            Close window or quit
4.                                            ALT+F4
                                                            program
                                                            Activate the menu bar in a
5.                                            F10
                                                            program
                                                            open start menu, use the
                                                            arrow keys to select an
6.                                            CTRL+ ESC
                                                            item, or TAB to select the
                                                            taskbar
                                                            Return to previous
                                                            program, or hold down
                                                            the ALT key while
7.                                            ALT+ TAB
                                                            repeatedly pressing tab to
                                                            cycle through open
                                                            programs
                                                            delete items permanently
8.                                            SHIFT+ DEL    without sending to recycle
                                                            bin
                                                            Highlight all the items in
9.                                            CTRL+ A
                                                            window
10.                                           CTRL+ C       Copy
11.                                           CTRL+ X       Cut
12.                                           CTRL+ V       Paste
13.                                           CTRL+ Z       Undo
14.                                           CTRL+ Y       Redo
FOR INTERNET EXPLORER AND NETSCAPE
                                                            Jumps to the beginning of
15.                                              Home
                                                            the page
                                                            Jumps to the end of the
16.                                              END
                                                            page
                                                            Stops the current page
17.                                              ESC
                                                            from loading
18.                                              F11        Toggles full screen view
                                                 ALT+ LEFT  Goes back to the previous
19.
                                                 ARROW      page
                                                 ALT+ RIGHT Goes forward to the next
20.
                                                 ARROW      page
21.                                              ALT+ Home  Goes to your Home page
                                                            Opens a new browser
22.                                              CTRL+ N
                                                            window
23.                                              CTRL+ W    Closes the active window
24.                                              CTRL+ O    Opens the address book
25.                                              CTRL+ R    Reloads the current page
                                                            Opens the Organized
26.                                              CTRL+ B    Favorites or Bookmarks
                                                            windows
                                                            Add the current page to
27.                                              CTRL+ D    your Favorites or
                                                            Bookmarks
28.                                              CTRL+ H    Opens the history folder
                                                            Finds text on the current
29.                                              CTRL+ F
                                                            page


CONTROL OVER A TO Z
One of the keys whose importance may have gone
unnoticed by most of us is the Control key (Ctrl).
The Control key in combination with the 26 alphabet
keys can make a lot of our work easier than we
think. The following pair of keys can come in handy
when we want tasks faster than while using the
mouse.
Operations that can be performed on the text
selected:-
30.                                                 CTRL+ A   Select all
31.                                                 CTRL+ B   Bold
32.                                                 CTRL+ C   Copy
33.                                                 CTRL+ E      Justify center
34.                                                 CTRL+ I      Italics
35.                                                 CTRL+ J      Justify full
36.                                                 CTRL+ L      Justify Left
37.                                                 CTRL+ M      Indent
                                                                 Remove paragraph
38.                                                 CTRL+ Q
                                                                 Formatting
39.                                                 CTRL+ R      Justify right
40.                                                 CTRL+ T      Margin release
41.                                                 CTRL+ U      Underline
These keys combos can be used to do other
operations:-
42.                                                 CTRL+ D      Opens Font Dialog Box
43.                                                 CTRL+ F      Find
                                                                 Go to page, section, line,
44.                                                 CTRL+ G
                                                                 heading etc
45.                                                 CTRL+ H      Find and replace
46.                                                 CTRL+ K      Insert Hyperlink
47.                                                 CTRL+ N      Open a new document
                                                                 Open an existing
48.                                                 CTRL+ O
                                                                 document
49.                                                 CTRL+ S      Save
                                                                 Close an existing
50                                                  CTRL+ W
                                                                 document
51.                                                 CTRL+ Y      Redo
52.                                                 CTRL+ Z      Undo
Besides the alphabet keys, a combination of other
keys also helps:-
                                                    CTRL+ LEFT
53.                                                             Jumps one word left
                                                    ARROW
                                                    CTRL+ RIGHT
54.                                                             Jumps one word right
                                                    ARROW
                                                    CTRL+ DOWN
55.                                                             Jumps one para down
                                                    ARROW
                                                    CTRL+ UP
56.                                                             Jumps one para up
                                                    ARROW
                                                    CTRL+
57.                                                             Delete one word left
                                                    BACKSPACE
                                                    CTRL+
58.                                                             Delete one word right
                                                    DELETE
      CTRL+ PAGE   To the beginning of the
59.
      UP           previous page
      CTRL+ PAGE   to the beginning of the
60.
      DOWN         next page
61.   CTRL+ P      Print Dialog box

				
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