2008_Hurricane_Preparedness_for_the_VoIP_Hurricane_Net

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					  The Realities of Hurricanes


                      Robert D Macedo
      Director of Operations of the VoIP Hurricane Net
       ARES SKYWARN Coordinator for NWS Taunton
      Eastern Massachusetts ARES Section Emergency
                        Coordinator

                     Web: www.voipwx.net
                    Email: kd1cy@voipwx.net

Slides provided and heavily leveraged from NWS Taunton
Massachusetts Realities of New England Hurricanes Power Point
Presentation. Special thanks to KB1GHX-Glenn Field, NWS Taunton
Warning Coordination Meteorologist for providing this presentation.
Hurricane Isabel – September 2003
Objectives

• What makes an active hurricane season?
• What are the primary weather hazards we
 need to be prepared for?
So what makes an active season?
Critical component: Sea Temps!
Warm sea temps = greater potential
HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS

  •Before a storm threatens
  •When a storm threatens
  •Weather information sources
  •Clues to an increasing threat
  •Concluding thoughts
      HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS
   BEFORE A HURRICANE THREATENS
•Have a storm preparedness plan (boat owners and home owners)
•Means to know if a storm threatens
•Know policies/procedures of where boat is moored
•Know options:
    •Haul boat out of water?
    •Secure in place?
    •Move to safer anchorage and secure?




  •Do you need to evacuate home?
      •Where would you go?
      •How much time to get there?
      •If going to a shelter, pet arrangements?
  •Ready access to insurance policies for boat and home
      •Know coverage limits and have pictures of boat
      •Know how to reach claim agents
         PRE SEASON BOATER CHECKLIST

• Check key phone numbers (marina,
    insurance agent, etc.)
•   Coordinated your storm preparedness
    plan with caretaker/marina
•   Batteries fully charged
•   Cleats checked
•   Chafe gear stored/labeled
•   Sufficient line
•   Suitable anchors
•   Bilge pumps, if applicable
•   Hatches water tight
•   Moorings
     –   Inspected
     –   Adequate for potential
         storm surge, wind and waves




                                          Hurricane Bob (August 19, 1991)
PREPAREDNESS FOR THE COASTAL HOMEOWNER

 •Find out if you are in a potential evacuation zone or not
 •If might have to evacuate, know where to go and how to get there
 •Have shutters or plywood on hand, if may need to protect windows
 •Know electrical, water, gas shut off valves




 •Review working condition of emergency equipment – including
 flashlights and battery powered radios
 •Have cache of non-perishable food and water
   COASTAL HOME PREPAREDNESS
  Board up windows if sustained wind
  speeds may reach 60 mph or greater
• Use storm shutters or plywood
• Install correctly to avoid these
  items becoming missiles
• Do not tape windows
WHEN CONSTRUCTING ON THE COAST




 Hurricane clips   Hurricane straps
IMPLICATIONS FOR
  SKYSCRAPERS
WHEN A HURRICANE THREATENS
  • Monitor weather developments
  • Put your plan into action
  • Allow time buffer – remember major New England
    hurricanes accelerate and may arrive hours sooner
    than forecasted
Boat may not be only item you need to move!




When hurricane threatens, remember also to:
•Secure potentially dangerous items such as propane tanks
•Collect/store loose objects such as lawn furniture, trash cans, etc.
•Board up windows and doors if exposed to high winds
(5/8” thick plywood)
   OTHER PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS
    WHEN HURRICANE THREATENS
• Check supply of batteries
  – Never use candles
• Check supply of nonperishable food and water
• Fill-up with gas and money
  – Gas pumps and ATMs rely on power
  – Check medical prescriptions
• Make sure you don’t need to evacuate
• Turn refrigerator to coldest setting
• Help your neighbors
  – Including owners of boats surrounding yours
  – One bad mooring can mean disaster for many
    AND HELP YOUR NEIGHBORS

• On land and sea
• For boat owners, one bad mooring can mean
 disaster for many
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
      INFORMATION
     NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
        WORKING AS A TEAM
• Tropical Prediction Center
  – Coordinates with local Weather Forecast Offices
  – Coordinates with emergency managers and media
    on national level
  – Issues official forecast track
• Local Weather Forecast Offices Across the US
  – Coordinates with emergency managers and media
    in their County Warning Area.
  – Focuses on threats at the local/regional level.
           NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE

Tropical Prediction Center meteorologists are the “specialists”

Weather Forecast Office meteorologists are the “general practitioners”
  WEATHER INFORMATION SOURCES


•Internet
  • www.weather.gov
  • Click on area on map that you
  live in for information from your
  local office.

•NOAA Weather Radio
•Coast Guard transmissions
•Commercial sources
TROPICAL CYCLONE DEFINITIONS

• TROPICAL DEPRESSION – Organized system
    with maximum sustained winds less than
    34 knots (39 mph)
•   TROPICAL STORM – Well defined circulation
    with maximum sustained winds 34 – 63 knots
    (39 to 73 mph)
•   HURRICANE – Sustained winds of 64 knots
    (74 mph) or higher
       HURRICANE CATEGORIES
         Saffir-Simpson Scale

• Category 1 – sustained winds 74 to 95 mph
  – Edouard in 1996 (Labor Day Weekend)
  – Gloria in 1985
• Category 2 – sustained winds 96 to 110 mph
  – Bob in August 1991
• Category 3 – sustained winds 111 to 130 mph
  – 1938 Hurricane, 1944 Hurricane, Carol (1954), Edna (1954)
• Category 4 – sustained winds 131 to 155 mph
  – Hugo (1989)
• Category 5 – sustained winds > 155 mph
  – 1935 Keys Hurricane, Camille (1969), Andrew (1992)
Key on approach of first tropical storm
force squalls – not the eye!
ALLOW FOR FORECAST ERROR!
SITUATIONAL AWARENESS?
Do not even think about staying with your
boat during a tropical storm or hurricane




  …unless you own a very large vessel and plan to put out to sea
         CONCLUDING THOUGHTS




•History gives us a clue to what can happen, but our
experience can be misleading
While we should enjoy the tremendous
       beauty of our coastline…
Natural Calamity Strikes At
About The Time When One
    Forgets Its Terror!


             ...Japanese Proverb
Future Presentations
• For the March VoIP Hurricane Net
  Presentation, we will focus on reporting
  criteria and information that we’d like to
  pass on the net and the net’s role in
  supporting the National Hurricane Center
  Amateur Radio Station WX4NHC.
• For the April VoIP Hurricane Net, we will
  review the National Hurricane Conference
  and the net’s involvement in that
  conference.
           Rob Macedo (KD1CY)

           Web: www.voipwx.net
          Email: kd1cy@voipwx.net
Director of Operations of the VoIP Hurricane Net
 ARES SKYWARN Coordinator for NWS Taunton
Eastern Massachusetts ARES Section Emergency
                  Coordinator



                 Hurricane Isabel – September 2003