Battle

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					                        Important Battles of the Civil War


                Battle                                         Significance
   Fort Sumter (1861)                                Confederates fire first shots of the war
                                                       on Union garrison; leads Lincoln to
                                                       call for volunteers, which leads upper
                                                       South to secede
   First Manassas (First Bull Run) (1861)            First battle of War;“Stonewall” gets
                                                       his name; shows that War will not be
                                                       over in 90 days; Confederate victory
   Peninsula campaign (including the                 Big victory by Lee over McClellan,
    Battle of the Seven Days) (1862)                   Confederate confidence booster, helps
                                                       lead Lincoln to decision to issue E.
                                                       Pro.
   Shiloh (1862)                                     More casualties than in all previous
                                                       American wars combined; Union
                                                       victory helps to make Grant famous
   Second Manassas (Second Bull Run)                 Big Confederate victory, emboldens
    (1862)                                             Lee to make first incursion into the
                                                       North
   Antietam (Sharpsburg) (1862)                      Bloodiest day in American military
                                                       history; Union victory gives Lincoln
                                                       political clout to deliver preliminary E.
                                                       Proc.
   Fredericksburg (1862)                             Confederate victory with huge Union
                                                       casualties; Union tactics way behind
                                                       technology
   Chancellorsville (1863)                           Lee’s finest hour – where the odds are
                                                       the longest, he pulls off most
                                                       impressive Confederate victory
   Gettysburg (1863)                                 Turning point of War against the
                                                       Confederacy; Lee’s army is wrecked,
                                                       and will be on defensive for rest of
                                                       War
   Sherman captures Atlanta, and makes               Sherman introduces concept of “Total
    his “March to the Sea” (1864)                      War”, and makes the South “howl”
   Grant pushes Southward (including                 Grant presses bloody fight after
    Wilderness, Cold Harbor,                           bloody fight, finally wearing Lee and
    Spotsylvania, Petersburg (’64, ’65)                his forces down.
   Appomattox (1865)                                 Lee surrender’s to Grant; Lincoln
                                                       instructs Grant: “I want no one
                                                       punished”; - terms of surrender are
                                                       generous

				
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