A TECHNICAL PAPER PRESENTATION
Glass pH electrode (Hughes, 1922).
Oxygen sensing electrode (Clark, 1956_41).
Glucose sensor electrode(Clark, 1962).
The biochip technology was originally developed in
1983 for monitoring fisheries.
The biochip (or Lab-on-a-Chip) consists of tiny
microfluidic channels, pumps and valves.
BIO + CHIP = BIOCHIP
Bio: stands for any biological entity
Chip: a computer chip
Biochip is a collection of miniaturized test sites
(microarrays) arranged on a solid substrate.
It is small, lightweight, requiring less sample
fluids and reagents and being more sensitive and
efficient than larger devices currently in use.
The Biochip technology System Consists Of Two
• Computer Microchip
• Antenna Coil
• Tuning Capacitor
• Glass Capsule
The reader generates a low-power, electromagnetic
energy,via low-frequency radio signals, which
"activates" the implanted biochip.
This "activation" enables the biochip to send the ID code
back to the reader via radio signals.
The reader amplifies the received code, converts it to
digital format and displays it in LCD displays.
The reader and biochip can communicate through most
materials, except metal.
Micro Array Micro Fluidic
Genome-wide patterns of gene expression.
Genome = The complete complement of an
Gene expression = A gene’s ability to make a
DNA micro arrays Detection level of gene
expression in various cells on a genome-wide level.
Protein micro arrays Allergen-specific
antibodies detection were integrated in micro fluidic
It is a agglutination reaction that is frequently used in
qualitative typing in the diagnostic medicine field by
realizing a specimen inlet.
Digital micro fluidic Adoption for the complex
procedures in molecular biology.
Continuous flow : The biochip of the present
invention can be cheaply made through conventional
photolithography, electroplating, injection molding,
With a biochip tracing person/animal ,
anywhere in the world is possible:
Biochip as Glucose Detector
Biochip as Oxygen sensor in Biochip
A biochip leads to a secured E-Commerce
Biochips really are potent in
replacing passports, cash, medical
The Cyber Future
InfoTech will be implanted in our bodies
The really fascinating idea is under fast
track research "but we're close.” The day in
which we have chips embedded in our skins is
not too far from now. "This is science fiction
stuff." ,”This is a true example to prove
science really starts with fiction”.
M. Burnham, R. Mitchell,
" Bioethics — An Introduction"