A TECHNICAL PAPER PRESENTATION BIO-CHIP BY • www.tricksworld.net.tc SENSOR TECHNOLOGY Glass pH electrode (Hughes, 1922). Oxygen sensing electrode (Clark, 1956_41). Glucose sensor electrode(Clark, 1962). The biochip technology was originally developed in 1983 for monitoring fisheries. The biochip (or Lab-on-a-Chip) consists of tiny microfluidic channels, pumps and valves. BIO + CHIP = BIOCHIP Bio: stands for any biological entity Chip: a computer chip Biochip is a collection of miniaturized test sites (microarrays) arranged on a solid substrate. It is small, lightweight, requiring less sample fluids and reagents and being more sensitive and efficient than larger devices currently in use. The Biochip technology System Consists Of Two Components: THE TRANSPONDER • Computer Microchip • Antenna Coil • Tuning Capacitor • Glass Capsule THE READER The reader generates a low-power, electromagnetic energy,via low-frequency radio signals, which "activates" the implanted biochip. This "activation" enables the biochip to send the ID code back to the reader via radio signals. The reader amplifies the received code, converts it to digital format and displays it in LCD displays. The reader and biochip can communicate through most materials, except metal. BIO-CHIP Micro Array Micro Fluidic DNA Protein Digital Continuous Array Array microfluidic flow Genome-wide patterns of gene expression. Genome = The complete complement of an organism’s genes. Gene expression = A gene’s ability to make a gene product. DNA micro arrays Detection level of gene expression in various cells on a genome-wide level. Protein micro arrays Allergen-specific antibodies detection were integrated in micro fluidic chips It is a agglutination reaction that is frequently used in qualitative typing in the diagnostic medicine field by realizing a specimen inlet. Digital micro fluidic Adoption for the complex procedures in molecular biology. Continuous flow : The biochip of the present invention can be cheaply made through conventional photolithography, electroplating, injection molding, and bonding. With a biochip tracing person/animal , anywhere in the world is possible: Biochip as Glucose Detector Biochip as Oxygen sensor in Biochip A biochip leads to a secured E-Commerce systems Biochips really are potent in replacing passports, cash, medical records: The Cyber Future InfoTech will be implanted in our bodies The really fascinating idea is under fast track research "but we're close.” The day in which we have chips embedded in our skins is not too far from now. "This is science fiction stuff." ,”This is a true example to prove science really starts with fiction”. References www.uib.no M. Burnham, R. Mitchell, " Bioethics — An Introduction" 1992.
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