Behavioral Observation Protocol

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					APPENDIX D: DRAFT BEHAVIORAL OBSERVATION PROTOCOL.

                                            INFORMED CONSENT
                                        JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY
                                       Center for Communication Programs

Good Morning/afternoon/evening. My name is                                          . Thank you for taking the
time to talk with me. We are following up on earlier research we did to find out some answers to questions we
still have about reproductive health and other health issues.

Your participation in this study is important and completely voluntary. You may stop the interview at any point
during the survey and you may refuse to answer any questions if you want to. The interview will be done
privately and will take about two hours. You will receive paid as an hourly researcher as compensation for your
time.

If you agree to be interviewed, it is important that you be honest and truthful in answering these questions, as the
information will be used to help develop better programs and health services for young people in our country.

Your answers will be confidential and only investigators and study workers will have access to this information.
If you have any questions about this study, you can contact Erna Keulder [+264 61 246 830, OR
rfsn@iafrica.com.na].

Do you agree to participate in this interview? Yes/No

“I have read the consent form completely before the respondent and the respondent voluntarily agreed to
participate in the study.”


                                                           NOT VALID WITHOUT THE COMMITTEE OR
                                                                IRB STAMP OF CERTIFICATION

Signature of Fieldworker




Date PHONE AND ADDRESS].
                                                                    Void One Year From Above Date
Do you agree to participate in this study? Yes/No                             CHR No.

“I have read the consent form completely before the
respondent and the respondent voluntarily agreed to
participate in the study.”
Study Instructions


Hello! Thank you for your Participation in this Study. You are acting as a researcher for us. We are
interested in how youth seek and/or complete certain health-related tasks. Therefore, we are asking you
to complete five tasks.

For each task, we would like you to do the following:

   1. Keep a step-by-step log of what you did and why you did it. For example, what were your first
      thoughts about where to go and what to do? Why did you decide to take the steps you did? What
      problems/issues did you face in trying to complete the task?

   2. Be sure to write down your START time and the ENDING time for each task.

   3. After you have completed all of the tasks, you will be interviewed by a professional to get down
      all of your thoughts and ideas on how to make it easier for youth to complete these tasks.

Again, you are a valuable researcher for this study. Have fun and be sure to write down all of your
thoughts and actions every step of the way.
PRACTICE SHEET!

SAMPLE TASK – Go Buy a TOMATO                               START TIME:

Complete #1 and 2 below BEFORE starting the task.

1. Where are places you can go buy a tomato?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
2. Where are you going first and why?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Now, go buy a tomato and keep track of each step you take.
3. Please describe each step you took to buy a tomato.
       a. _______________________________                g. _____________________________
       b. _______________________________                h.______________________________
       c. _______________________________                i.______________________________
       d. _______________________________                j.______________________________
       e. _______________________________                k.______________________________
       f.   _______________________________              l. ______________________________

When you have completed the task, please CIRCLE the NUMBER below that best represents how you
feel about the task:

4. Buying a tomato was:
      DIFFICULT 1            2       3      4       5    EASY
EMBARRASSING 1               2       3      4       5    NOT EMBARRASSING
              BAD 1          2       3      4       5    GOOD
           SCARY 1           2       3      4       5    NOT SCARY
      EXPENSIVE 1            2       3      4       5    INEXPENSIVE

5. In terms of buying a tomato, people were:
      UNHELPFUL 1            2       3       4      5    HELPFUL
    UNFRIENDLY 1             2       3       4      5    FRIENDLY
            RUDE 1           2       3       4      5    POLITE
 DISAPPROVING 1              2       3       4      5    APPROVING
       DISHONEST 1           2       3       4      5    HONEST

                                                            ENDING TIME:
TASK #1 – Go get a CONDOM.                                  START TIME:

Complete #1 and 2 below BEFORE starting the task.

1. Where are places you can go get a condom?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
2. Where are you going first and why?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________


Now, go buy a condom and keep track of each step you take.
3. Please describe each step you took to get a condom.
       g. _______________________________                g. _____________________________
       h. _______________________________                h.______________________________
       i.   _______________________________              i.______________________________
       j.   _______________________________              j.______________________________
       k. _______________________________                k.______________________________
       l.   _______________________________              l. ______________________________

When you have completed the task, please CIRCLE the NUMBER below that best represents how you
feel about the task:

4. Getting a condom was:
       DIFFICULT 1           2      3       4      5     EASY
EMBARRASSING 1               2      3       4      5     NOT EMBARRASSING
               BAD 1         2      3       4      5     GOOD
            SCARY 1          2      3       4      5     NOT SCARY
       EXPENSIVE 1           2      3       4      5     INEXPENSIVE

5. In terms of getting a condom, people were:
      UNHELPFUL 1             2     3       4      5     HELPFUL
    UNFRIENDLY 1              2     3       4      5     FRIENDLY
            RUDE 1            2     3       4      5     POLITE
 DISAPPROVING 1               2     3       4      5     APPROVING
       DISHONEST 1            2     3       4      5     HONEST

                                                            ENDING TIME:
TASK #2 – Go Get a Pamphlet/Brochure on                     START TIME:
USING BIRTH CONTROL PILLS.

Complete #1 and 2 below BEFORE starting the task.

1. Where are places you can go to get a pamphlet/brochure on using birth control pills?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
2. Where are you going first and why?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Now, go get a pamphlet/brochure on using birth control pills, keep track of each step you take.
3. Please describe each step you took to get a pamphlet/brochure on using birth control pills.
       m. _______________________________               g. _____________________________
       n. _______________________________               h.______________________________
       o. _______________________________                i.______________________________
       p. _______________________________                j.______________________________
       q. _______________________________                k.______________________________
       r. _______________________________                l. ______________________________

When you have completed the task, please CIRCLE the NUMBER below that best represents how you
feel about the task:

4. Getting a pamphlet/brochure on using birth control pills was:
       DIFFICULT 1          2       3       4      5 EASY
EMBARRASSING 1              2       3       4      5 NOT EMBARRASSING
               BAD 1        2       3       4      5 GOOD
            SCARY 1         2       3       4      5 NOT SCARY
       EXPENSIVE 1          2       3       4      5 INEXPENSIVE

5. In terms of getting a pamphlet/brochure on using birth control pills, people were:
      UNHELPFUL 1            2       3      4       5 HELPFUL
    UNFRIENDLY 1             2       3      4       5 FRIENDLY
            RUDE 1           2       3      4       5 POLITE
 DISAPPROVING 1              2       3      4       5 APPROVING
       DISHONEST 1           2       3      4       5 HONEST

                                                            ENDING TIME:
TASK #3 – Get a phone numbe r AND address of where               START TIME:
to go for help for DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Complete #1 and 2 below BEFORE starting the task.

1. Where are places you can go find out information about domestic violence?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
2. Where are you going first and why?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Now, go get a phone number & address for help for domestic violence and keep track of each step you
take.
3. Please describe each step you took to find out information about domestic violence services.
       s. _______________________________             g. _____________________________
       t.   _______________________________           h.______________________________
       u. _______________________________              i.______________________________
       v. _______________________________              j.______________________________
       w. _______________________________              k.______________________________
       x. _______________________________              l. ______________________________

When you have completed the task, please CIRCLE the NUMBER below that best represents how you
feel about the task:

4. Getting a phone number & address for help on domestic violence was:
       DIFFICULT 1         2       3       4      5 EASY
EMBARRASSING 1             2       3       4      5 NOT EMBARRASSING
               BAD 1       2       3       4      5 GOOD
            SCARY 1        2       3       4      5 NOT SCARY
       EXPENSIVE 1         2       3       4      5 INEXPENSIVE

5. In terms of getting a phone number & address for help on domestic violence, people were:
      UNHELPFUL 1             2     3      4       5 HELPFUL
    UNFRIENDLY 1              2     3      4       5 FRIENDLY
            RUDE 1            2     3      4       5 POLITE
 DISAPPROVING 1               2     3      4       5 APPROVING
       DISHONEST 1            2     3      4       5 HONEST

                                                          ENDING TIME:
TASK #4 – Get a phone numbe r AND address of where to       START TIME:
go for help for SUICIDE PREVENTION (e.g., if you or a friend are feeling depressed).

Complete #1 and 2 below BEFORE starting the task.

1. Where are places you can go get help for suicide prevention?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
2. Where are you going first and why?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Now, go get a phone number & address for getting help on suicide prevention and keep track of each
step you take.
3. Please describe each step you took to get a phone number/address for help in suicide prevention.
       y. _______________________________              g. _____________________________
       z. _______________________________              h.______________________________
       aa. _______________________________              i.______________________________
       bb. _______________________________             j.______________________________
       cc. _______________________________             k.______________________________
       dd. _______________________________              l. ______________________________

When you have completed the task, please CIRCLE the NUMBER below that best represents how you
feel about the task:

4. Getting a phone number & address on suicide prevention was:
       DIFFICULT 1         2       3      4       5 EASY
EMBARRASSING 1             2       3      4       5 NOT EMBARRASSING
               BAD 1       2       3      4       5 GOOD
            SCARY 1        2       3      4       5 NOT SCARY
       EXPENSIVE 1         2       3      4       5 INEXPENSIVE

5. In terms of getting a phone number & address on suicide prevention, people were:
      UNHELPFUL 1             2     3      4       5 HELPFUL
    UNFRIENDLY 1              2     3      4       5 FRIENDLY
            RUDE 1            2     3      4       5 POLITE
 DISAPPROVING 1               2     3      4       5 APPROVING
       DISHONEST 1            2     3      4       5 HONEST

                                                           ENDING TIME:
TASK #5 – Find a place that helps youth get jobs              STARTING TIME:
(get a phone # and address).

Complete #1 and 2 below BEFORE starting the task.

1. Where are places you can go find help for getting a job?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
2. Where are you going first and why?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Now, go find a place that helps youth get jobs (get a phone # and address) and keep track of each step
you take.
3. Please describe each step you took to get a phone # and address of a place that helps youth get a job.
       ee. _______________________________              g. _____________________________
       ff. _______________________________                 h.______________________________
       gg. _______________________________                 i.______________________________
       hh. _______________________________                 j.______________________________
       ii. _______________________________                 k.______________________________
       jj. _______________________________                 l. ______________________________

When you have completed the task, please CIRCLE the NUMBER below that best represents how you
feel about the task:

4. Finding a place that helps youth get a job   was:
       DIFFICULT 1             2      3         4      5   EASY
EMBARRASSING 1                 2      3         4      5   NOT EMBARRASSING
               BAD 1           2      3         4      5   GOOD
           SCARY 1             2      3         4      5   NOT SCARY
       EXPENSIVE 1             2      3         4      5   INEXPENSIVE

5. In terms finding a place that helps youth get a job, people were:
      UNHELPFUL 1              2       3      4       5 HELPFUL
    UNFRIENDLY 1               2       3      4       5 FRIENDLY
             RUDE 1            2       3      4       5 POLITE
 DISAPPROVING 1                2       3      4       5 APPROVING
       DISHONEST 1             2       3      4       5 HONEST

                                                              ENDING TIME:
INTERVIEWER DEBRIEF -- Thanks for all of your hard work!

1. How was it? (get overall impressions)

2. What was easier than you thought it would be? (get overall impressions)

3. What was more difficult than you thought it would be? (get overall impressions)

Before we talk about each task, let’s get down some demographic information:
       a.   What is your age?
       b.   (just circle, don’t ask)   Male or Female
       c.   Where did you grow up?
       d.   What language did you grow up speaking?
       e.   Do you have a job? If yes, please describe:______________
       f.   What is the highest level of schooling you’ve completed?
       g.   Have you ever had sexual intercourse (penis in vagina)? Yes No

Now, let’s talk about each task individually
4. Please tell me step by step what you did to complete task #1 (completely fill out sheet).
       How long did it take?__________________check log sheet
       How easy or difficult was it? Please explain.
       What could be done to make it easier for youth to get condoms?
       Is there anything else you would like to share about your experiences completing this task?

5. Please tell me step by step what you did to complete task #2 (completely fill out sheet).
       How long did it take?__________________check log sheet
       How easy or difficult was it? Please explain.
       What could be done to make it easier for youth to get birth control pills?
       Is there anything else you would like to share about your experiences completing this task?

6. Please tell me step by step what you did to complete task #3 (completely fill out sheet).
       How long did it take?__________________check log sheet
       How easy or difficult was it? Please explain.
       What could be done to make it easier for youth to get help for domestic violence?
       Is there anything else you would like to share about your experiences completing this task?

7. Please tell me step by step what you did to complete task #4 (completely fill out sheet).
       How long did it take?__________________check log sheet
       How easy or difficult was it? Please explain.
       What could be done to make it easier for youth to get help for suicide prevention or for youth
who are depressed or upset?
       Is there anything else you would like to share about your experiences completing this task?

8. Please tell me step by step what you did to complete task #5 (completely fill out sheet).
       How long did it take?__________________check log sheet
       How easy or difficult was it? Please explain.
       What could be done to make it easier for youth to get help with finding a job?
       Is there anything else you would like to share about your experiences completing this task?
Finally, please tell me the extent of your agreement or disagreement with these questions:

A. Which of the following options best represents what you believe about yourself:
     a. I know I have the virus that causes AIDS
     b. I’m not sure but I think I have the virus that causes AIDS.
     c. If I don’t already have HIV, I think it is very likely that I will get it in the next 12 months.
     d. I think it is somewhat likely that I will get HIV in the next 12 months.
     e. I think it is very unlikely that I will get HIV in the next 12 months.
     f. I think it is impossible that I will get HIV in the next 12 months.

B. Do you agree or disagree, “Getting HIV is the worst thing that could happen to me.”
       1             2              3              4               5
Strongly                                                           Strongly
Disagree                                                           Agree

C. Abstinence works in preventing HIV infection.
       1             2             3             4                    5
Strongly                                                              Strongly
Disagree                                                              Agree

D. How difficult or easy is it for you to be abstinent (circle one numbe r).
     DIFFICULT 1               2       3       4      5 EASY

E. Being faithful to just one partner works in preventing HIV infection.
       1               2               3             4             5
Strongly                                                           Strongly
Disagree                                                           Agree

F. How difficult or easy is it for you to be faithful to just one partner (circle one number).
      DIFFICULT 1               2      3       4        5 EASY

G. Condoms work in preventing HIV infection.
       1           2             3                    4               5
Strongly                                                              Strongly
Disagree                                                              Agree

H. How difficult or easy is it for you to use condoms (circle one number).
     DIFFICULT 1               2       3       4    5 EASY


THANKS FOR YOUR HELP. YOU’VE BEEN A GREAT RESEARCHER.