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					Army Reserve: ‘Integral Component
    Of the World’s Best Army’

                                    perational! That is the key word describing to-
                                    day’s Army Reserve. Understand that, and you
 By Lt. Gen. Jack C. Stultz         understand the Army Reserve’s greatest
       Chief, Army Reserve
                                    strength and greatest challenge.
     Commanding General,        No longer a force in strategic reserve, the Army Re-
  U.S. Army Reserve Command
                              serve functions as an integral component of the
                              world’s best army. It complements the joint force with
                              military skill capabilities along with the skills and
                              professional talents derived from soldiers’ civilian
                                                               Today 32,000 Army Re-
                                                             serve soldiers are serving
                                                             on active duty. Since 9/11
                                                             more than 152,000 Army
                                                             Reserve soldiers have
                                                             been mobilized. In the
                                                             previous decade we aver-
                                                             aged 8,000-9,000 soldiers
                                                             mobilized annually for
                                                             duty in places such as

                                                                    October 2006 I ARMY   129
Sgt. Panini Aliiua, Company C, 100th Infantry Battalion, calls in a
    report of a weapon found during the search of a house in the
                                     village of Albu Nassar, Iraq.

Bosnia and Kosovo. We are part of virtually every Army
mission. We are indeed an operational force.
   Global terrorist networks, insurgencies and protracted
warfare, along with homeland defense and disaster relief
efforts, are the hallmarks of the military challenges for the
21st century; deployment is the rule not the exception. To
meet these challenges, the Army Reserve is in the process
of profound, fundamental change, and we are doing so
while supporting our nation at war.
   The Army Reserve leadership culture is now focused on
action and change to keep pace with emerging homeland

                       LT. GEN. JACK C. STULTZ became chief
                       of the Army Reserve and commanding
                       general of the U.S. Army Reserve Com-
                       mand in May 2006. Before this assignment
                       he commanded the 143rd Transportation
                       Command. Gen. Stultz entered active duty
                       and after completing the Engineer Officer
                       Basic Course and Airborne School was as-
                       signed to the 20th Engineer Battalion,
where he served as platoon leader, executive officer and comman-
der of Company B, 20th Engineer Battalion. He then left active
duty to pursue a civilian career and also began his Army Reserve       defense missions and the global war on terrorism. Nowhere
career with assignment to the 108th Division (Infantry One Sta-        is that more evident than in our force structure. We are in-
tion Unit Training). He served with the 108th Division as              creasing our deployable force by divesting ourselves of
brigade assistant S-3, battalion S-1, commander of Company D,          force structure excess to our authorized end strength of
4th Battalion 108th Regiment, and division assistant G-3. He           205,000 and by reinvesting nondeployable headquarters
was then assigned to the 32nd Transportation Group (Compos-            and institutional Army structure and resources into deploy-
ite), which was mobilized and deployed in support of Operation         able warfighting units. Overall, our focus in the coming
Desert Shield/Desert Storm. As the group S-2/-3, he was respon-        year will be to continue converting the Army Reserve’s de-
sible for providing transportation support to XVIII Airborne           ployable forces into 58 modular brigade-based formations.
Corps and VII Corps in Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Kuwait. He as-              This restructuring includes the inactivation of 10 Re-
sumed responsibilities as the group executive officer and later took   gional Readiness Commands (RRCs), one Army Reserve
command of the 257th Transportation Battalion (Movement Con-           command and the establishment of four Regional Readi-
trol), which deployed to the Balkans in support of Operation Joint     ness Sustainment Commands. Also, through fiscal year
Endeavor/Joint Guard and provided movement control support             (FY) 2008 we will activate modular, deployable functional
for operations in Hungary, Croatia and Bosnia. Gen. Stultz as-         commands to command and control (C2) Army Reserve
sumed command of the 32nd Transportation Group and served in           forces, including an Aviation Command in FY 2007, and
that capacity until he assumed the duties of deputy commanding         five Expeditionary Sustainment Commands, one Military
general of the 143rd Transportation Command. He deployed to            Police Command, three Combat Support Brigades (Maneu-
Kuwait as commander of the 143rd Transportation Command                ver Enhancement), and eight Sustainment Brigades in FY
(Forward), establishing initial reception, staging, onward move-       2008. These commands will provide a more focused,
ment and integration operations in support of Operation Iraqi          streamlined C2 structure that will generate fiscal efficien-
Freedom. He was assigned as director of Movements, Distribu-           cies and increase the size of our deployable force.
tion and Transportation, Combined Forces Land Component                   A primary element propelling our force restructuring is
Command Kuwait, where he was responsible for port and ground           Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC). The Army Reserve
transportation operations for the largest movement of forces since     has the biggest percentage of BRAC-impacted facilities of
World War II. In October 2003 he assumed command of the                any military branch. The Army Reserve will close or realign
143rd Transportation Command. Gen. Stultz is a graduate of the         176 facilities and move into 125 new Armed Forces Reserve
Command and General Staff College and the Army War College.            Centers (AFRCs). Some moves have already been com-

130 ARMY I October 2006
Members of a search and
   rescue team prepare to
  board a CH-47 Chinook
 helicopter from the Army
    Reserve’s Company B,
       5th Battalion, 159th
        Aviation Regiment.
   Company B conducted
 multiple missions during
  the unit’s deployment to
  the Gulf Coast region in
      support of Hurricane
       Katrina relief efforts.
    Headquartered at Fort
Eustis, Va., it was the first
        Army Reserve unit
mobilized for the recovery

pleted, and many others are currently                                              Force (AREF) packaging. The Army
under way. More than half will be                                                  Reserve provides the Army’s premier
completed by the end of 2008, with the                                             and most modernized units in Civil
rest scheduled to be done by the close                                             Affairs, Military Police, Engineers,
of 2011. This includes the U. S. Army                                              Chemical, Medical, and Combat Ser-
Reserve Command headquarters,                                                      vice Support.
which is moving from Fort McPherson,                                                  The Army Reserve is a significant
Ga., to Pope Air Force Base, N.C.                                                  provider of humanitarian assistance to
   These changes enable us to station                                              our nation. In 2005 the Army Reserve
Army Reserve forces in the most mod-                                               contributed two truck companies and
ern, up-to-date facilities possible. The                                           five CH-47 helicopters with crews to
new AFRCs will have high-tech dis-                                                 the Hurricane Katrina relief efforts,
tance learning and video teleconfer-                                               and 10 CH 47s with crews to the Hur-
encing capabilities, fitness centers,                                              ricane Rita relief efforts. The aviators
family readiness centers and en-                                                   transported more than 2,100 people
hanced maintenance and equipment                                                   and more than 5,200 tons of cargo. We
storage facilities.                                                                also provided two military history de-
   During the past year the Army Re-                                               tachments to document the joint task
serve began developing the basic                                                   force operations.
                                              An Army Reserve orthopedic
foundation to become the Army’s               team prepares equipment                 In 2006 we joined a formal opera-
complementary force for stability op-         used for mending extremity           tional agreement with the active Army
erations as well as major combat oper-                                             and Army National Guard to ensure
ations. As a result of decisions from the Quadrennial De- appropriate Army Reserve capabilities would be readily
fense Review (QDR) in May of this year, the Army available to respond to disasters within the coastal states
announced the transfer of the U.S. Army Civil Affairs (CA) prone to hurricanes. We are proud of our role in this impor-
and Psychological Operations (PSYOP) Command from the tant mission.
U.S. Army Special Operations Command to the U.S. Army          Clearly, our human resources management must evolve
Reserve Command to better integrate Civil Affairs and to keep pace with the reshaping of our force. A big step in
PSYOP units into conventional operations. Furthermore, this evolution will be the establishment of Regional Per-
Army Reserve CA will grow by about 900 spaces and sonnel Service Centers (RPSC) in FY 2008, one at each Re-
PSYOP by about 1,230 spaces between 2008-2011.               gional Readiness Sustainment Command, which will sup-
   The overall reorganization and additional spaces will in- port our streamlined command-and-control (C2) structure.
crease the tactical Civil Affairs capability and capacity They will be fully functional by March 2009.
from 64 to 112 tactical companies, providing better support    A significant initiative in FY 2007 will be the restructur-
to the conventional force, the Army force generation (AR- ing of enlisted promotions. Senior NCO boards and follow-
FORGEN) model and the Army Reserve Expeditionary on order of merit listings will be part of the overhaul. The

132 ARMY I October 2006
   Sgt. Derek Johnson checks out a dummy artillery round taped to
 the back of a bridge railing. The round was one of several fake im-
    provised explosive devices (IEDs) that students were tasked to
                          find as part of a practical training exercise.

goal is to make the process more equitable to all soldiers
through standardization. Board dates and promotion
packet requirements (including submission suspense dates)
will be the same throughout the Army Reserve. The net re-
sult will be a positive impact on readiness and retention as
the Standing Promotion List (Order of Merit List) will allow
positions to be filled and promotions to occur in a more
timely fashion.
   To truly be an integral part of the Army means to partici-
pate fully in the planning processes. Through active partici-
pation in the QDR process, the Army Reserve expanded its
ability to access the skill-rich capabilities of its citizen-sol-
diers to meet mission requirements in areas of homeland
defense, stability operations, foreign military training and
weapons of mass destruction consequence management.
   The Army Reserve is actively engaged in Army campaign
plan efforts to improve the predictability of deployments
and how our soldiers are provided the training and re-
sources they need within the ARFORGEN construct. We
worked closely with the Army to ensure that the AREF sup-
ports the ARFORGEN model. Consequently, AREF applies
the Army modular force doctrine to all our programming                     ronment. Future warrior exercises will also serve as the cap-
decisions. In 2004 we began applying AREF logic to prepar-                 stone, an externally evaluated collective training gate to
ing and resourcing units for deployment. In 2005 about 75                  move Army Reserve units from the reset/train pool of AR-
percent of our mobilized units came from the AREF avail-                   FORGEN into the ready pool.
able pool. This year will be about the same.                                  We also established the first institutional counter-impro-
   Training, a key element of AREF, continues to be an area                vised explosive device (CIED) training course at Fort
of exciting change. The Army Reserve conducted its first                   McCoy, Wis., to improve our training in the latest CIED tac-
Warrior exercise, Desert Warrior, in June 2005.                            tics, techniques and procedures. This has earned the
   Warrior exercises are combined arms Combat Training                     approval of the U.S Army Engineer School and Joint IED
Center-Light exercises (with op-
posing forces, observer-con-
trollers and disciplined after-ac-
tion reviews) which provide
branch/functional training for
our units in a field environment
with scenarios and situational
field problems replicating the
contemporary operating envi-

 Army Reserve soldiers participate
in an IED convoy course as part of
      the 81st Regional Readiness
  Command’s 2005 Drivers Rodeo

134 ARMY I October 2006
            Capt. Kiel Scott commands the 414th Transportation
                               Company in Udairi Range, Kuwait.

Task Force, and serves as a model for other emerging Army
   To reduce accidents and orient drivers to the challenges
of operating vehicles under combat conditions, the Army
Reserve began an uparmored high mobility multipurpose
wheeled vehicle (UAH) training course, also at Fort Mc-
Coy. This course exposes soldiers to more realistic combat
driving techniques and the handling characteristics of an
uparmored vehicle.
   To better prepare leaders and units identified for OIF
2006-2008, the Army Reserve relied on the Army Center for
Lessons Learned Mobile Training Teams. They helped our
battalion- and company-level command teams and staffs
better understand what to expect when mobilized and de-
ployed to the Middle East. Topics such as Arab and Islamic
culture; the IED threat; theater climate and operating condi-
tions; and current friendly and threat tactics, techniques and
procedures were addressed in an unclassified environment.
   We also used a new team concept in Army Reserve train-
ing. Army Reserve company leaders now participate in a
Company Team Leader Development Course, which pre-
pares command teams (commander, first sergeant and unit           information technology architecture that can support the
administrator) at this crucial level.                             emergence of net-centric warfare.
   With all these exciting changes going on in so many ar-           We are postured to be a fully integrated partner in the
eas, the primary enabler is our information technology,           LandWarNet which provides the platform for seamless bat-
which provides the foundation for our transformation ef-          tle command and control, virtual training and simulations,
forts. In the past year, we completed an aggressive effort to     and collaborative planning and execution of the Long War.
consolidate the delivery of information technology (IT) ser-         The next several years will be exciting and filled with
vices at a single facility that supports all Army Reserve fa-     challenges as we accelerate our transformation and en-
cilities in North America. Reaching more than 1,000 Army          hance our ability to regenerate the force within the para-
Reserve sites, consolidation increased service quality and        meters of what looks to be an austere budget. But through
reliability and positions the Army Reserve to implement           it all we are always mindful that our soldiers and their
the dramatic changes necessary for our accelerated trans-         families are the heart and soul of our institution. Daily we
formation. The Army Reserve has built an IT service envi-         read of soldiers leaving their jobs and families to serve
ronment that not only reduces the cost of delivering ser-         their country; frequently we hear about their heroic actions
vices to the Army Reserve commands and staff but also             for which they are awarded medals, sometimes posthu-
enables our agile forces to meet changing missions and            mously. They deserve to be treated with dignity. To that
mandates.                                                         end, our retention incentive programs have been improved
   In another example of our integration with active compo-       and implemented in record time, and our family support
nent forces, the Army Reserve has partnered with the Army         programs are well integrated with the Army system to en-
to share resources and staff in establishing a contingency        sure our soldiers’ families enjoy the full range of benefits.
capability to deliver services to the entire Army Reserve in         America and the Army Reserve have an important con-
the event our primary facility fails or is compromised.           tract: America provides the Army Reserve citizens who
   We have also begun an aggressive nationwide effort to          bring with them civilian skills and education that enhance
consolidate telephone and video conference data onto the          their capabilities as warriors—and we return soldiers who
Army Reserve data network. This will be much more cost-           take back with them leadership, maturity and responsibil-
efficient and, when successfully implemented, will allow          ity that enhance their value and contributions as employ-
us to redirect resources into sustaining and improving ser-       ees and citizens.
vice to the customer.                                                The Army Reserve will continue to live up to that con-
   These efforts have built a foundation that enables the         tract and to focus on the well-being of our soldiers and
Army Reserve to lead the Army in the implementation of            their families as we transform the force. In doing so, we
net-centric capabilities. At every turn, we have assumed          will continue to provide sustainable support capabilities to
risk to lead the Army’s efforts to consolidate and build an       the Army and our nation into the future.                   (
136 ARMY I October 2006

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