Congressional Actions and the NPS by NPS

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									      Congressional
     Actions and the
National Park Service


          Participant Guide
Table of Contents
Welcome .................................................................................................................. 1
Course Overview .................................................................................................... 2
      Why a Congressional Actions and the National Park Service program?............ 2
      Target Audience ................................................................................................. 2
      Program Timing.................................................................................................. 2
      Learning Objectives............................................................................................ 2
      Site Point-of-Contact Responsibilities ................................................................ 2
      Congressional Actions and the National Park Service Course Map................... 3
Leadership and Power Centers in Congress ....................................................... 4
      Members of Congress as Power Centers........................................................... 4
      Congressional Committees as Power Centers................................................... 6
      Exercise: Who’s Who in Congress?.................................................................. 7
      Congressional Staff as Power Centers .............................................................. 7
Laws that Guide the Work of the National Park Service ................................... 13
      General Authorities........................................................................................... 13
      Park Specific .................................................................................................... 13
      Other Laws ....................................................................................................... 13
Legislative Activity and the National Park Service ............................................ 14
      Origins of NPS Bills .......................................................................................... 14
      Summary of National Park Service Laws in 109th Congress, January 4, 2005 – ... 15
      Office of Legislative and Congressional Affairs................................................ 19
      Exercise: Roles and Authorities ...................................................................... 22
Outreach ................................................................................................................ 24
      Know ‘Em Before You Need ‘Em! .................................................................... 24
      Communicating Your Message Clearly ............................................................ 24
      Exercise: What Are They Saying?................................................................... 25
      Exercise: Develop a Briefing Statement! ......................................................... 25
The Budget Process ............................................................................................. 26
      The Congressional Budget Process and the NPS Budget ............................... 29



                                                                                                              Page i
      Exercise: How Does NPS Get Its Budget?...................................................... 31
      Developing an Outreach Plan .......................................................................... 31
      Exercise: Wrap-Up! ......................................................................................... 32
Helpful References ............................................................................................... 33
      Web Sites......................................................................................................... 33
      Congressional Committees that Impact the National Park Service .................. 34
Glossary of Legislative Terms............................................................................. 40
Bios ........................................................................................................................ 43
      Donald J. Hellmann .......................................................................................... 43
      C. Bruce Sheaffer............................................................................................. 44
      Patricia D. Woods, Ph.D. ................................................................................. 45




                                                                                                                 Page ii
            Welcome
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                  Page 1
Rev. Date 1/20/06
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                        Course Overview                                      !
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National Park Service program?                                           •   +
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Learning Objectives
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                                  Page -5-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Congressional Actions and the National
Park Service Course Map

                                      Pre-Course
                               Communications Check
                               (Site Coordinators Only)




                               Welcome and Review of
                                    Objectives



                                Leadership and Power
                                 Centers in Congress



                                Legislative Activity and
                                National Park Service



                              Budget—Congress and the
                               President, NPS, and the
                                   109th Congress



                             Outreach—Communicating
                              with Staff, WASO, and
                               Members of the Public



                                      Wrap-Up




Congressional Actions and the National Park Service        Page -A-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Leadership and Power Centers
in Congress
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Members of Congress as Power Centers




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Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service       Page -C-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Congressional Committees as Power
Centers
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Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Exercise: Who’s Who in
Congress?

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Congressional Staff as Power Centers
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                Page -E-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Committee Staff




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Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                      Page -I-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Staffer’s Typical Day Chart




Congressional Actions and the National Park Service   Page -B -
                                                             >
Rev. Date 1/20/06
How To Get Your Message Across
(Source: The Woods Institute)

An Understanding of How Congress Operates
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Rev. Date 1/20/06
Clear Communication

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                                                                                              5
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Laws that Guide the Work of the
National Park Service
General Authorities
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Park Specific
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Other Laws
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                Page -B -
                                                                                          A
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Legislative Activity and the
National Park Service
                        Origins of NPS Bills
        National Park Service                         Members of Congress
          (Administration)




        Call for legislative proposals                •   Constituents
                                                      •   Interest groups
                                                      •   Member’s own priorities

     Parks and Program Offices (must
     provide Legislative Support Data
               packages)



                                               Drafted by staff or committees with
              Regional Offices                    help from legislative counsel




                NPS/WASO




         Interior Department/OMB
                                                           Bills introduced



         Administration bill sent to
                Congress




        Introduced by request; some
         Members adopt as own bill

Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                           Page -B -
                                                                                     =
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Summary of National Park Service Laws in
109th Congress, January 4, 2005 –
               .                                                                 01 2
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Rev. Date 1/20/06
Fee authority:

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Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                 Page -B -
                                                                                           H
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Office of Legislative and Congressional
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 Functions of the Division of Legislation
Legislative Programs
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Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                          Page -5B-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Exercise: Roles and Authorities

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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                  Page -55-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                  Page -5A-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Outreach
Know ‘Em Before You Need ‘Em!
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Communicating Your Message Clearly
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                              Page -5=-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Exercise: What Are They
Saying?

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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                      Page -5C-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
The Budget Process




Congressional Actions and the National Park Service   Page -5<-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Congressional Actions and the National Park Service   Page -5E-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
                                     FY 2006
                      Where the Money Comes From




                                     FY 2006
                           Where the Money Goes




Congressional Actions and the National Park Service   Page -5H-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
The Congressional Budget Process and
the NPS Budget
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                                     FY 1996 - FY 2005 Total Budget Growth*

        90%

        80%

        70%

        60%

        50%        65%
                                                        55%
                                                                      50%
        40%
                                     35%                                             38%
                                                                                                        32%
        30%

        20%

        10%        CPI                CPI               CPI           CPI            CPI                CPI
        0%
              Federal Budget         DOI                NPS           ONPS         NPS-Park          PWR-Park
                                                                                    Base*             Base*

                                            * Park Base totals exclude new parks added.



Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                               Page -5I-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
                                 FY 1996 - FY 2005 Compound Annual Budget Growth*

                  8.00%

                  7.00%

                  6.00%

                  5.00%
  G row th Rate




                                5.1%
                  4.00%                                     4.3%             4.1%
                                               3.0%                                        3.1%            2.7%
                  3.00%

                  2.00%

                  1.00%         CPI             CPI          CPI             CPI            CPI             CPI

                  0.00%
                               Federal          DOI          NPS            ONPS          NPS-Park       PWR-Park
                               Budget                                                      Base*          Base*

                                                 * Park Base totals exclude new parks added.




                                         % Change in Park FTE from FY 1996 to FY 2004

  60%                 56%

  50%


  40%


  30%

                                                17%
  20%
                                      13%                                           13%
                                                                                                  12%        12%
  10%
                                                            5%         5%

     0%
                          AK           IM        MW         NC          NE          PW            SE       NPS Total


Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                                     Page -A>-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Exercise: How Does NPS Get Its Budget?
    B #             A                                                     8
                                !                    #        $       %
            (1) G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G
                 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
            (2) G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G
                 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
            (3) G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G
                 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
    5           5                        !           !                        !            2%:
            (                            !
            (1) G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G
                 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG
            (2) G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G
                 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG


Developing an Outreach Plan
                                                                                  2%:
                        !   .                !   / 4                      !                !

                ! !                                                               !


Elements of an Outreach Plan
8                           #$% :                         2


    •   +
    •   +
    •   &           !
    •


Identify Your Audience
    •   7
    •       2%:
    •   ;                   $       ,D           @     ! ,:       -
    •                                                         3



Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                   Page -AB-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Tips for Implementing Your Outreach Plan
    •   @
    •   8
    •       !                   BC
    •   8 ! !                    !
                      ;                           !
    •


Exercise: Wrap-Up!
+                                    !                !




Congressional Actions and the National Park Service       Page -A5-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Helpful References
Web Sites

   •   7        9    &                           +
                 ; !                    7                 &       >
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                     Page -AA-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Congressional Committees that Impact
the National Park Service
                         th
                      109 Congress, The United States Senate
                    Committee on Appropriations, 202-224-3471
                          www.appropriations.senate.gov
       Republicans                                      Democrats
Cochran, Thad (MS), Chairman                   Byrd, Robert (WV), Ranking Member
Stevens, Ted (AK)                              Inouye, Daniel (HI)
Specter, Arlen (PA)                            Leahy, Patrick (VT)
Domenici, Pete (NM)                            Harkin, Tom (IA)
Bond, Christopher (MO)                         Mikulski, Barbara (MD)
McConnell, Mitch (KY)                          Reid, Harry (NV)
Burns, Conrad (MT)                             Kohl, Herb (WI)
Shelby, Richard (AL)                           Murray, Patty (WA)
Gregg, Judd (NH)                               Dorgan, Byron (ND)
Bennett, Robert (UT)                           Feinstein, Dianne (CA)
Craig, Larry (ID)                              Durbin, Richard (IL)
Hutchison, Kay (TX)                            Johnson, Tim (SD)
DeWine, Mike (OH)                              Landrieu, Mary (LA)
Brownback, Sam (KS)
Allard, Wayne (CO)

                       Subcommittee on Interior, (202) 224-7233
      Republicans                                         Democrats
Burns, Conrad (MT), Chairman                   Dorgan, Byron (ND), Ranking Member
Stevens, Ted (AK)                              Leahy, Patrick (VT)
Cochran, Thad (MS)                             Reid, Harry (NV)
Domenici, Pete (NM)                            Feinstein, Dianne (CA)
Bennett, Robert (UT)                           Mikulski, Barbara (MD)
Gregg, Judd (NH)                               Kohl, Herb (WI)
Craig, Larry (ID)
Allard, Wayne (CO)


Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                     Page -A=-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
                       Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
                                      (202) 224-4971
                                 www.energy.senate.gov


         Republicans                                        Democrats
Domenici, Pete (NM), Chairman                  Bingaman, Jeff (NM), Ranking Member
Craig, Larry (ID)                              Akaka, Daniel (HI)
Thomas, Craig (WY)                             Dorgan, Byron (ND)
Alexander, Lamar (TN)                          Wyden, Ron (OR)
Murkowski, Lisa (AK)                           Johnson, Tim (SD)
Burr, Richard (NC)                             Landrieu, Mary (LA)
Martinez, Mel (FL)                             Feinstein, Dianne (CA)
Talent, Jim (MO)                               Cantwell, Maria (WA)
Burns, Conrad (MT)                             Salazar, Ken (CO)
Allen, George (VA)                             ONE VACANCY
Smith, Gordon (OR)
Bunning, Jim (KY)


                            Subcommittee on National Parks
                                      (202) 224-6293


            Republicans                                      Democrats
Craig Thomas (WY), Chairman                    Daniel K. Akaka (HI), Ranking Member
Lamar Alexander (TN), Vice Chairman            Ron Wyden (OR)
George Allen (VA)                              Mary L. Landrieu (LA)
Mel Martinez (FL)                              Ken Salazar (CO)
Gordon Smith (OR)                              ONE VACANCY
Richard Burr (NC)                              Jeff Bingaman (NM), ex officio
Pete Domenici (NM), ex officio




Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                     Page -AC-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
                                         th
                                     109 Congress
                       The United States House of Representatives
                       Committee on Appropriations, (202) 225-2771
                                     www.house.gov
          Republicans                                       Democrats
Jerry Lewis (CA), Chairman                       David R. Obey (WI)
C.W. Bill Young (FL)                             John P. Murtha (PA)
Ralph Regula (OH), Vice Chairman                 Norman D. Dicks (WA)
Harold Rogers (KY)                               Martin Olav Sabo (MN)
Frank R. Wolf (VA)                               Steny H. Hoyer (MD)
Jim Kolbe (AZ)                                   Alan B. Mollohan (WV)
James Walsh (NY)                                 Marcy Kaptur (OH)
Charles H. Taylor (NC)                           Peter J. Visclosky (IN)
David L. Hobson (OH)                             Nita M. Lowey (NY)
Ernest J. Istook, Jr. (OK)                       José E. Serrano (NY)
Henry Bonilla (TX)                               Rosa L. DeLauro (CT)
Joe Knollenberg (MI)                             James P. Moran (VA)
Jack Kingston (GA)                               John W. Olver (MA)
Rodney P. Frelinghuysen (NJ)                     Ed Pastor (AZ)
Roger F. Wicker (MI)                             David E. Price (NC)
Todd Tiahrt (KS)                                 Chet Edwards (TX)
Zach Wamp (TN)                                   Robert E. "Bud" Cramer, Jr. (AL)
Tom Latham (IA)                                  Patrick J. Kennedy (RI)
Anne Northup (KY)                                James E. Clyburn (SC)
Robert Aderholt (AL)                             Maurice D. Hinchey (NY)
Jo Ann Emerson (MO)                              Lucille Roybal-Allard (CA)
Kay Granger (TX)                                 Sam Farr (CA)
John E. Peterson (PA)                            Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. (IL)
Virgil Goode (VA)                                Carolyn C. Kilpatrick (MI)
John Doolittle (CA)                              Allen Boyd (FL)
Ray LaHood (IL)                                  Chaka Fattah (PA)
John Sweeney (NY)                                Steven R. Rothman (NJ)
Don Sherwood (PA)                                Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. (GA)
Dave Weldon (FL)                                 Marion Berry (AR)

Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                        Page -A<-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Michael K. Simpson (ID)
John Abney Culberson (TX)
Mark Steven Kirk (IL)
Ander Crenshaw (FL)
Dennis Rehburg, At Large (MT)
John Carter (TX)
Rodney Alexander (LA)
ONE VACANCY

                                   Subcommittee on Interior
                                         (202) 225-3081


               Republicans                                      Democrats
Charles H. Taylor (NC), Chairman                      Norman Dicks (WA), Ranking Member
Mike Simpson (ID), Vice Chairman                      James P. Moran (VA)
Zach Wamp (TN)                                        Maurice D. Hinchey (NY)
John E. Peterson (PA)                                 John W. Olver (MA)
Don Sherwood (PA)                                     Allen B. Mollohan (WV)
Ernest Istook, Jr. (OK)
Robert B. Anderholt (AL)
John T. Doolittle (CA)




Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                  Page -AE-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
                            Committee on Resources
                                  (202) 225-2761
                       www.resourcescommittee.house.gov


              Republicans                                        Democrats
Richard W. Pombo (CA), Chairman               Nick J. Rahall II (WV), Ranking Member
Barbara Cubin (WY), Vice Chairman             Dale E. Kildee (MI)
Don Young (AK)                                Eni F.H. Faleomavaega, American Samoa
Jim Saxton (NJ)                               Neil Abercrombie (HI)
Elton Gallegly (CA)                           Solomon P. Ortiz (TX)
John J. Duncan, Jr. (TN)                      Frank Pallone, Jr. (NJ)
Wayne T. Gilchrest (MD)                       Donna M. Christensen (VI)
Ken Calvert (CA)                              Ron Kind (WI)
George P. Radanovich (CA)                     Jay Inslee (WA)
Walter B. Jones, Jr. (NC)                     Grace F. Napolitano (CA)
Chris Cannon (UT)                             Tom Udall (NM)
John E. Peterson (PA)                         Raúl M. Grijalva (AZ)
Jim Gibbons (NV)                              Madeleine Z. Bordallo (GU)
Greg Walden (OR)                              Jim Costa (CA)
Thomas G. Tancredo (CO)                       Charlie McLancon (LA)
J.D. Hayworth (AZ)                            Dan Boren (OK)
Jeff Flake (AZ)                               George Miller (CA)
Rick Renzi (AZ)                               Edward J. Markey (MA)
Stevan Pearce (NM)                            Peter A. DeFazio (OR)
Devin Nunes (CA)                              Mark Udall (CO)
Henry E. Brown, Jr. (SC)                      Dennis A. Cardoza (CA)
Thelma D. Drake (VA)                          Stephanie Herseth (SD)
Luis Fortuno (PR)
Cathy McMorris (WA)
Bobby Jindal (LA)
Louie Gomert (TX)
Marilyn Musgrave (CO)




Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                  Page -AH-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
                                    Subcommittee on National Parks
                                            (202) 226-7736

          Republicans                                               Democrats
Devin Nunes (CA), Chairman                        Donna M. Christensen (VI), Ranking Member
James Saxton (NJ)                                 Dale E. Kildee (MI)
Elton Gallegly (CA)                               Neil Abercrombie (HI)
John J. Duncan, Jr. (TN)                          Ron Kind (WI)
George Radanovich (CA)                            Tom Udall (NM)
Walter B. Jones, Jr. (NC)                         Madeleine Z. Bordallo (GU)
Henry E. Brown, Jr. (SC)                          Charlie McLancon (LA)
Luis Fortuno (PR)                                 Nick J. Rahall, II (WV), ex officio
Marilyn Musgrave (CO)
Richard W. Pombo (CA), ex officio




          Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                 Page -AI-
          Rev. Date 1/20/06
Glossary of Legislative Terms
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                              Page -=>-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                                       Page -=B-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                 Page -=5-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Bios
                                Donald J. Hellmann
                            Deputy Assistant Director,
                        Legislative & Congressional Affairs
                               National Park Service
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                                      Page -=A-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Bios, continued
                                  C. Bruce Sheaffer
                                           Comptroller
                                      National Park Service
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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                                  Page -==-
Rev. Date 1/20/06
Bios, continued
                             Patricia D. Woods, Ph.D.
                    Executive Director, The Woods Institute

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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service                                              Page -=C-
Rev. Date 1/20/06

								
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