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Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008 - 2013 A strategy for managing weeds across land tenures in the mainland part of the Kingborough municipality “Everyone working together to manage weeds, thereby protecting natural, social and economic values of Kingborough and its neighbours” Publication details This document may be reproduced in whole or in part for the purpose of study or training, subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgement of source and its not being used for commercial purposes or sale. Reproduction for purposes other than those given above requires the prior permission of the Kingborough Council. This strategy is based on information obtained through research and consultation, and will be subject to change as new information becomes available. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this strategy is accurate and representative. Kingborough Council disclaims any responsibility to any person who relies on information in this strategy. Acknowledgements The Channel Weeds Strategy was developed with funding obtained through the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy from the Australian Government, NRM South and the Southern Tasmanian Councils Authority. Additional funding and support was provided by Kingborough Council and the Department of Infrastructure, Energy and Resources. Elizabeth Schrammeyer of Tasmanian Land and Water Professionals Pty Ltd is the principal author of this Strategy with extensive assistance from the following: Dan Meldrum, Richard Greenhill and Liz Quinn of Kingborough Council. The Working Group: Karen Stewart (Southern Regional Weeds Officer), Sandy Leighton (Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy Project Manager), Paul Dimmick (PWS) and Councillor Flora Fox. Cassie Strain (environmental consultant), Beth Chamberlain (environmental consultant), Natalie Holman (NRM South), Barry Hardwick (NRM South), Mike Williams (DIER), Dale Herbert (Telstra), Fiona Steele (Aurora), Craig Saunders (PWS), George Lane (Transend), Andrew Welling (environmental consultant), Michael Rowland (Biolinks), Phil Reader and Justin Nicholls (TFGA), Garry Witzerman (private contractor). Annie and Hans Wapstra, Margaret Brock, Peter Jarman, Doug Duthoit, Heather Clark, Roz Thurn, Val Brown, John Hamilton, Jean Taylor, John Cox, Phillipa Foster , Ken White and Lynne Sparrow (PWS) who attended the community consultation workshop. Contents Executive Summary ...............................................................................................................ii Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 1 The municipality of Kingborough........................................................................................ 1 Development of a Channel Weed Management Strategy .................................................. 3 Key Stakeholders ........................................................................................................... 3 Background........................................................................................................................... 5 When is a plant a weed? ................................................................................................... 5 Legislation ......................................................................................................................... 5 Weed Management Act 1999 ......................................................................................... 5 Planning Scheme ........................................................................................................... 7 Other relevant legislation ............................................................................................... 7 Links to existing frameworks.............................................................................................. 8 Australian Weeds Strategy ............................................................................................. 8 State WeedPlan ............................................................................................................. 8 Regional Strategies........................................................................................................ 8 Weeds of the Channel Area ................................................................................................ 11 Overview ......................................................................................................................... 11 Weeds for eradication...................................................................................................... 13 Weeds for strategic management .................................................................................... 16 Alert list ........................................................................................................................... 22 Management Strategy ......................................................................................................... 23 Vision .............................................................................................................................. 23 Key Goals ........................................................................................................................ 23 Management Actions ....................................................................................................... 23 Timing of actions .......................................................................................................... 24 Implementation ................................................................................................................ 24 Roles and responsibilities ............................................................................................ 24 Resources ....................................................................................................................... 25 Biosecurity ....................................................................................................................... 28 Prioritisation and Integration ............................................................................................ 31 Coordination and Cooperation ......................................................................................... 33 Education, training and awareness .................................................................................. 35 Policy support and regulation .......................................................................................... 38 Research and development ............................................................................................. 39 Monitoring and evaluation................................................................................................ 41 Further information .............................................................................................................. 43 References ......................................................................................................................... 44 Appendix 1: Roles and responsibilities of stakeholders in weed management .................... 45 Appendix 2: Explanatory notes accompanying GIS database and maps ............................. 47 Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 i Summary Executive Summary Weeds cost government, industry and community a considerable amount of time, money and effort, while degrading bushland, agricultural areas, waterways and coastal areas. The Channel Weed Management Strategy was developed in response to the threat of existing and potential weeds and will compliment the Bruny Island Weed Management Strategy to provide a framework for weed management throughout the mainland part of the Kingborough municipality as well as across its boundaries. For each of the eight components in the Channel Weed Management Strategy there are strategic Actions recommended that will lead to the achievement of Objectives and Goals. When these are achieved they will contribute to accomplishing desired outcomes of the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy as well as Management Action Targets and Resource Condition Targets listed in the Natural Resource Management Strategy for Southern Tasmania relevant to weed management. The Goals of the Channel Weed Management Strategy are: • Resources: To identify, secure, share, manage and efficiently use weed management resources across government, community and industry in the Kingborough municipality • Biosecurity: To prevent new weeds becoming established and minimise the spread of existing, emerging and sleeper weeds. • Prioritisation and integration: To define weed management priorities and address them in an integrated manner. • Coordination and cooperation: To conduct weed management in a strategic, coordinated and cooperative manner. • Education, training and awareness: To improve weed awareness, weed identification and management skills and knowledge amongst all land managers. • Policy support and regulation: To encourage support of, and improve compliance with, the Weed Management Act 1999 throughout government, community and industry by implementing adequate weed management procedures and actions. • Research and development: To increase knowledge and understanding of weed threats and effective techniques for their management. • Monitoring and evaluation: To regularly monitor, evaluate and follow-up weed mapping and management activities. The Channel Weed Management Strategy incorporates existing relevant documents and strategies that affect the Kingborough municipality as well as consultation with stakeholders and community groups. At first glance the strategy may seem daunting; however, the impact and cost of weeds will only continue to escalate rapidly unless action is taken now. This Strategy guides all stakeholders of weed management to enable them to increase coordination of weed control at the municipal level and to achieve best practice weed management in order to optimise economic, social and environmental outcomes for the municipality. The vision for weed management in Kingborough is: Everyone working together to manage weeds, thereby protecting natural, social and economic values of Kingborough and its neighbours. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 ii Introduction Introduction The municipality of Kingborough Kingborough is situated in south-eastern Tasmania, south of the State capital, Hobart and east of the Huon Valley Council. A small section borders Glenorchy City Council, and it also shares a corner with the Derwent Valley Council. Kingborough is part of the broader Southern NRM Region that incorporates 12 municipalities. Kingborough has a population of almost 32,000 people, with the population spread through higher density developed areas and lower density rural areas. Kingborough also includes Bruny Island, but this Channel Weed Management Strategy excludes Bruny Island as a specific Bruny Island Weed Management Strategy has already been developed. For the purpose of this Strategy the municipality of Kingborough refers to the mainland part of Kingborough, excluding Bruny Island. The mainland part of Kingborough is along its eastern shore bordered by the Derwent River estuary and the D’Entrecasteaux Channel. Much of Kingborough’s population is located in the Hobart suburb of Taroona, and the town of Kingston and surrounding suburbs, which is in effect connected to Hobart by development. South of Kingston, although development is happening at a rapid pace, much of the population is located in small towns or rural areas. A long narrow municipality, all who live in Kingborough are close to the coast and much of the development is focussed in the coastal zone. A large part of the southern slopes of Mt Wellington and Mt Montagu reside in Kingborough, and these supply the North West Bay and Browns Rivers. Many smaller rivers, rivulets and creeks flow from the hills that divide Kingborough physically from the Huon Valley, such as the Snug Tiers. This diverse landscape supports an array of native vegetation communities and habitats. Even close to some of the more densely populated areas there are larger areas of remnant native vegetation. Many of these are significantly affected by, or at risk of, weed invasion. Natural resources provide significant value to the municipality of Kingborough. Commercial enterprises, including tourism, viticulture, fish processing and aquaculture, are important to the area’s economy and reliant of natural features and resources. The value of natural resources to the community can in one way be demonstrated by the active involvement in a large number of ‘Landcare’, ‘Coastcare’ and ‘Friends of’ groups. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 1 Introduction Location of Kingborough Municipality and detail showing major towns The shaded area denotes the Southern NRM Region. For the purpose of this strategy Bruny Island is not included. See the Bruny Island Weed Management Strategy for more information. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 2 Introduction Development of a Channel Weed Management Strategy Weeds are one of the most important challenges faced by community, natural resource managers, agriculture, industry and government. In Australia weeds cost agriculture alone more than $4 billion per year (Martin, 2003), which does not include the countless hours put in by the community, or the indirect costs experienced by a variety of stakeholders through impact on the environment, amenities or resources. The true cost of weeds to Kingborough is not known, however many tens of thousands of dollars are spent each year in controlling weeds on public land alone. In order to be able to facilitate, coordinate and promote weed management in Kingborough this Strategy was developed. In 2005 the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy 2005-2010 was launched by NRM South. Taking up the opportunity to ensure consistency in weed management at regional and municipal levels, Kingborough initiated the development of a Strategy for the mainland part of the municipality, following the completion of the Bruny Island Weed Management Strategy in 2007. The Channel Weed Management Strategy incorporates existing relevant documents and strategies that affect the Kingborough municipality. It guides all stakeholders of weed management on the mainland part of the municipality to enable them to increase coordination of weed control at the regional and municipal levels and to achieve best practice weed management in order to optimise economic, social and environmental outcomes for the municipality. Key Stakeholders Weed management affects many different people, groups and agencies in Kingborough. This Strategy identifies a number of these stakeholders: those who are more directly involved in weed management and with particular actions recommended in this strategy are listed below. One very important factor for sustainable weed management is that everyone fulfils their role and where they can undertakes weed management on the land they manage, and/or prevents the spread of weeds. For each recommended Action the relevant stakeholders are listed within the action table (see below for abbreviations used). A list of roles and responsibilities for different stakeholders is provided in table form in Appendix 1. Stakeholder Abbreviation State Government of Tasmania Department of Infrastructure, Energy and Resources DIER Department of Primary Industries and Water DPIW Crown Land Services CLS Tasmanian Biosecurity Committee TBC Parks and Wildlife Service PWS Department of Education DoE Tasmanian Fire Service TFS TAFE Southern Regional Committee for Natural Resource Management NRM South Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy Project Manager STWS PM Kingborough Council KC Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 3 Introduction Huon Valley Council HVC Hobart City Council HCC Glenorchy City Council GCC Industry Aurora Energy Aurora Transend Telstra Tasmanian Farmers and Graziers Association TFGA Fruit Industry Tasmania FruitTas Tourism Industry Nursery Industry NGIT Aquarium Industry Hobart Water HW Community Groups Kingborough Landcare Advisory Group KLAG Allens Rivulet/Sandfly Landcare Group ARSLAG Black Goat Reserve Landcare Group Blackmans Bay Coastcare Group Conservation of Oxley’s Road Environmental Landcare Group CORE Derwent Avenue Wildcare Group Friends of Coningham Nature Recreation Area FOCNRA Kingborough Landcare Advisory Group KLAG Friends of Coningham, Oyster Cove and Lower Snug FOCOCLS Friends of Peter Murrell Reserves FOPMR Friends of Truganini Hartz Hill Landcare Group Howden Landcare Group Kettering Coastcare/Landcare Group Kingston Beach Coastcare Group Peppermint Bay Landcare Group Snug Landcare Coastcare Inc South Channel Coastcare Inc Taroona Environment Network Inc Tinderbox West Coastcare Group Trail Riders Action Group TRAG Tramway Hill Landcare Group Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 4 Background Background When is a plant a weed? The Australian Weeds Strategy defines a weed as “a plant that requires some form of action to reduce its harmful effects on the economy, the environment, human health and amenity.” Many plants have the potential to become weeds. More than sixty-five percent of weeds in Australia were introduced deliberately as garden or ornamental plants; others were brought in for other commercial purposes or were accidentally introduced. Even some natives of mainland Australia have naturalised in Tasmania and are considered weeds. Not all naturalised plants are equally weedy. Some spread aggressively and can invade and alter any system that provides their preferred conditions, while others are less competitive and tend only to colonise disturbed areas. There is also a potential for some plants not yet considered weeds to become weedy in the future. This can be due to changing climatic conditions, introductions of new pollinating agents or being transferred to a more suitable position. A number of weedy plants are recognised and declared under specific legislation – see below; others are not listed under the legislation but are still considered important. These are called environmental weeds, indicating that they have the ability to naturalise in natural or agricultural areas and gradually alter their environment, competing with native or preferred vegetation. There are over 120 weeds in Kingborough that have (or potentially have) an impact on native flora and fauna, agriculture, industry and social values. Weeds such as ragwort and patersons curse threaten agricultural land; pampas grass and burgan are invading natural areas; gorse and broom increase fire risk and willows alter river dynamics. Legislation Weed Management Act 1999 The Weed Management Act 1999 (the Act) provides the principal legislative framework for weed management in Tasmania. The Act provides for the control and eradication of ‘declared weeds’. Declared Weeds Declared weeds are plants listed under the Act which have legally enforceable actions outlining their control. Currently there are 102 species, or species aggregates, declared under the Act. These plants pose a significant threat to Tasmania’s industry and/or environment, and up to 22 are known to be present in Kingborough, with many more having recorded in neighbouring municipalities. Landowners and land managers have a legal requirement to control declared weeds on their land, and failure to do so may result in further action which could include a fine. It is an offence under the Act to import, sell or distribute a declared weed or anything that may contain a declared weed. Weed Management Plans and Zones Each declared weed has a statutory Weed Management Plan (WMP) that defines the minimum management requirements across each municipality. Regarding each weed, each municipality is listed as either ‘Zone A’ or ‘Zone B’. For municipalities listed as ‘Zone A’ the management objective is eradication; Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 5 Background For municipalities listed as ‘Zone B’ the minimum management objective is containment – that is prevention of the spread of the weed to areas free of the weed. The Department of Primary Industries and Water (DPIW) is responsible for the preparation and revision of WMPs for declared weeds. The plans and a list of declared plants in Tasmania can be found at www.dpiw.tas.gov.au/weeds. The following declared weeds are known to be present in Kingborough (as of May 2008): − Heather (Calluna vulgaris) − Nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) − Patersons curse (Echium plantagineum) − Horsetail (Equisetum species) − African lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula) − St john’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) − Hawkweeds (Hieracium species) − White weed (Lepidium draba) − African boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum) − Horehound (Marrubium vulgare) − Willows (Salix species) Excluding: weeping willows, pussy willow and sterile pussy willow − Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) − Pampas grasses (Cortaderia species) − Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera) − Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) − English broom (Cytisus scoparius) − Himalayan honeysuckle (formerly elisha’s tears) (Leycesteria formosa) − Gorse (Ulex europaeus) − Slender thistle (Carduus species) − Spanish heath (Erica lusitanica) − Canary broom (Genista monspessulana) − Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus aggregate) Declaration Process Any individual or organisation can nominate a weed for declaration under the Act. The list of declared plants under the Act is dynamic. The status of some weeds can change, and therefore the list of declared weeds reflects these changes and is regularly updated. Weed Inspectors The role of Weed Inspectors is to enforce the Act. They can be employees of State or local government or other relevant organisations, including community groups. The appointment of Weed Inspectors is based on competence, and training must be undertaken relating to their responsibilities under the Act. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 6 Background Obligations Even if Kingborough is listed as a Zone B for any particular weed, land managers still have certain obligations regarding their management as described below: Owners of Zone B properties sharing a boundary with landholdings listed in the table below are required to undertake property boundary control and control along waterways, drainage lines, roadways and other transport corridors. Zone B properties bordering Zone A municipalities are also required to undertake boundary control of declared weeds along the shared boundary or along waterways, roads and other transport corridors which extend into any Zone A municipality. a) Any Zone B property sharing a border with a Zone A municipality b) Any property within Zone B that is free of the declared weed. c) Any group of properties within Zone B for which the owners have developed and are implementing a local integrated weed management plan for the declared weed. d) Any property within Zone B where the declared weed is impacting negatively upon any community or flora or fauna species listed under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and/or the Tasmanian Threatened Species Protection Act 1995. Planning Scheme The Kingborough Planning Scheme 2000 is under review. Currently there are six zones identified in the Kingborough municipality. Development in these zones must adhere to a number of schedules. Schedules that could be linked to support this strategy and weed management include – Schedule1: Environmental Management, Schedule 5: Waterways, Wetlands and the Coastal Area, Schedule 9: Environmental Weeds, Schedule 10: Protected Vegetation. These schedules are designed to regulate development in areas containing certain weeds. Other relevant legislation Plant Quarantine Act 1997 The Plant Quarantine Act 1997 provides for the quarantine of plants and restricting the entry of pests and diseases into Tasmania. Quarantine Tasmania regulates and prohibits the importation of pest plants, animals and diseases into Tasmania. Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1995 The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Act 1995 controls the use of agricultural and veterinary chemicals in Tasmania. This Act is administered by the Chemical Management Branch within DPIW (www.dpiw.tas.gov.au - go to Food and Agriculture). All landowners/managers and/or members of community groups intending to use chemicals for weed management should attend a ‘Basic Chemical Handling’ course. It is a legal requirement that contractors, agency employees or other individuals using chemicals for weed control on public land are accredited. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 7 Background Links to existing frameworks In the last ten years, we have seen increasing coordination between different levels of weed management. Strategies and plans direct weed management at national, state, catchment, regional, sub-regional and local levels. Australian Weeds Strategy The National Weeds Strategy was developed in 1997 and reviewed in 2005 to produce the Australian Weeds Strategy. The Australian Weeds Strategy takes a strategic approach and provides a framework to establish consistent guidelines for all parties, it identifies priorities for weed management across the nation and aims to minimise the impact of weeds on Australia's environmental, economic and social assets. Key principles of weed management are: (Please note these are different to the principles from the National Weeds Strategy) • Weed management is an essential and integral part of the sustainable management of natural resources for the benefit of the economy, the environment, human health and amenity. • Combating weed problems is a shared responsibility that requires all parties to have a clear understanding of their roles. • Good science underpins the effective development, monitoring and review of weed management strategies. • Prioritisation of and investment in weed management must be informed by a risk management approach. • Prevention and early intervention are the most cost-effective techniques that can be employed against weeds. • Weed management requires coordination among all levels of government in partnership with industry, land and water managers and the community regardless of tenure. • Building capacity across government, industry, land and water managers and the community is fundamental to effective weed management. 20 Weeds of National Significance (WONS) are listed to focus National weed management priorities. At least seven of these WONS are found in Tasmania – bridal creeper, boneseed, blackberry, gorse, serrated tussock, chilean needlegrass and willows. All of these, aside from bridal creeper, serrated tussock and chilean needlegrass, are found in Kingborough. State WeedPlan The implementation of WeedPlan: Tasmania’s weed management strategy - Revised Edition is overseen by the Tasmanian Weed Management Committee. The Strategy aims to achieve coordinated, collaborative and effective weed management throughout Tasmania and establishes a framework of eight components of weed management – adopted for this Channel Weed Management Strategy in order to ensure consistency: Resources; Biosecurity; Prioritisation and integration; Coordination and cooperation; Education, training and awareness; Policy support and regulation; Research and development; Monitoring and evaluation. Regional Strategies Kingborough, belonging in the Southern NRM Region, can look to the NRM Strategy for Southern Tasmania and the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy for guidance regarding priorities for natural resources and weed management, and to ensure their activities are coordinated with neighbouring municipalities and throughout the region. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 8 Background Natural Resource Management Strategy for Southern Tasmania The Natural Resource Management Strategy for Southern Tasmania (NRM Strategy for Southern Tasmania) identifies the region’s natural resource assets and sets goals and targets for their sustainable management. A Regional Investment Proposal (RIP) outlines resourcing arrangements for the implementation of the Strategy and is reviewed annually. The Southern Regional NRM Committee (NRM South) oversees the implementation of the NRM Strategy and its related RIP. See www.nrmtas.org for more information regarding the NRM process. Weed management is considered a priority in the NRM Strategy for Southern Tasmania and local governments are listed frequently as being a major stakeholder in carrying out weeds related Management Actions recommended in the strategy. The Channel Weeds Management Strategy will contribute to attaining relevant regional Resource Condition Targets (RCT) and Management Action Targets (MAT) as described in the NRM Strategy. The relevant targets can be found in the Flora and Fauna (F) chapter of the NRM Strategy, Weeds Pests and Diseases (WPD) section, and are also listed below: Aspirational Target (50 years) Existing plant pests controlled to the stage they no longer impact significantly on ecosystem function or production, and the translocation of existing species and new introductions to the Region are prevented. Resource Condition Targets (10-20 years) RCT WPD4 By 2020, eradication or effective control of high priority weeds as determined by the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy RCT WPD5 Reduction in current extent of identified weeds (as listed in the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy). RCT WPD6 No new establishments of high priority terrestrial weeds. Also related RCT F6 No new known flora or fauna species listed on the schedules of the Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 or Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 as a result of human disturbance of their habitat. RCT F7 Maintain or improve the status of existing species and ecological communities listed on the schedules of the Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 and Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Management Action Targets (1-5 years) MAT WPD1 By 2010 priority actions in the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy implemented. MAT WPD3 By 2006 likely weed threats for conservation and production areas identified. MAT WPD4 By 2008 risk assessment for threatening weeds completed. MAT WPD5 By 2006 biosecurity protocols in place to manage and prevent new incursions and manage further spread of weeds. The Channel Weed Management Strategy (CWMS) provides a framework for weed management in Kingborough that will help the region to achieve these targets and contribute to many more. Usually a number of Actions recommended in the CWMS need to be accomplished to achieve a MAT or RCT. All stakeholders need to contribute to the implementation of the CWMS to ensure that these targets are met. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 9 Background Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy 2005-2010 The Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy 2005-2010 (STWS) provides a framework for weed management in the southern NRM region. It provides a framework for decision making, identifies priorities for investment and describes opportunities for partnerships and relationships that encourage coordinated weed management. The STWS is an important document for weed management in Kingborough, as it is the principle guiding document for weed management in the Southern region of Tasmania. Actions in the STWS that nominate local governments as a responsible party have been incorporated into the actions recommended in this Strategy. Strategies of neighbouring municipalities Several neighbouring councils and areas have weed management strategies. It is important that weed management is coordinated across municipal boundaries. The draft Huon Valley Weed Management Strategy: 2007-2012, the Derwent Valley Council Weed Management Strategy: 2004-2009 and the Bruny Island Weed Management Strategy were consulted in the preparation of this strategy. Relevant local strategies Various groups have organised through their own initiative and via different funding sources strategies, management plans and site plans that are directly or indirectly address weed management. Some of these include: − North West Bay River Catchment Management Plan − Peter Murrell Nature Recreation and Conservation Area Weed Management Strategy − Snug Creek, Oyster Cove, Lower Snug, Nichols Rivulet Road Weed Management Strategy − Kingborough Resource Recovery Centre Weed Management Plan − Conservation of Oxley’s Road Environment (CORE) Vegetation Survey − Snug Rivercare Plan These strategies and many other state and sub-regional strategies have been consulted in the development of this Strategy to ensure that weed management in Kingborough is linked effectively and helps to address regional, state and national targets developed. Additional documents relevant to the development of this Strategy are listed in ‘Further reading’ and ‘References’. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 10 Weeds of the Channel Area Weeds of the Channel Area Overview Kingborough has a range of weed problems, as do all Tasmanian municipalities, which results in reduced productivity of agricultural land and degraded natural values in bushland, waterways and coastal reserves. In Kingborough many weeds are spreading from urban properties along waterways, roads and bush tracks. Of the weeds invading agricultural and natural areas some of the most threatening are patersons curse, ragwort, gorse, pampas grass, broom (both english and canary) and spanish heath. Along rivers and waterways crack willow, grey willow, holly and himalayan honeysuckle are amongst those invading. Along Kingborough’s coasts, weeds such as boneseed, mirror bush and african boxthorn are taking a hold. Kingborough Council manages weeds on Council managed land, employs Bushcare and NRM Officers and provides support to the community groups who are actively involved in weed management. State Government agencies, state based and local industry and many private landowners also commit significant time and money to weed management within the municipality. Weeds of neighbouring municipalities Kingborough shares boundaries with Huon Valley Council to the west, Glenorchy and Hobart City Councils to the north and a token (north-west) corner with Derwent Valley Council. Many weed problems are shared amongst the municipalities. Effective communication and a cooperative relationship between neighbouring municipalities will improve coordination of weed control across boundaries and allow available resources to be utilised effectively. There are some examples of where this is already happening, such as the BioLinks project that aims to enhance natural linkages throughout Kingborough and Huon Valley municipalities. There are a number of weeds, some high risk, found in neighbouring municipalities that are not yet present in Kingborough. These have been included in the Weed Alert list found on page 22. Mapping Kingborough has a digital mapping program in place, and this is currently being improved and made more user-friendly. Weed mapping for Kingborough has been conducted for various projects and reasons and data exists in various forms. For the purpose of developing this Strategy weed data was compiled and one GIS layer developed that conforms to the National Core Attributes for weed mapping. See maps 1-4 for the results of this compilation. The reliability of the data is varied due to the age and/or collection technique, this needs to be kept in mind and checked when projects are being planned based on this data. See further explanatory notes regarding the GIS layer in Appendix 2. From the available data we can determine where priority weeds are to be found, where data gaps exist and where data needs to be updated. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 11 Weeds of the Channel Area Prioritisation method Weed management can be weed-driven; site-driven and community-driven. It is very difficult to prioritise the management of weeds. This is because the distribution of most of the weeds is only known approximately; their impact varies according to the site where they are found; of the many weeds causing problems, only some of them are listed in legislation; there are limited resources to deal with weeds; the priorities of different stakeholders will always vary; and the potential impact of a weed may change over time. To compound this difficulty, some areas where weeds occur may be considered a higher priority for conservation and therefore the management of all the weeds in that area also a higher priority. Weed tables For the purpose of this strategy weeds have been prioritised using the following criteria: 1. Current/known distribution 2. Invasive potential 3. Seed longevity 4. Economic, social and/or environmental impact 5. Legislative status Weeds determined as a priority were then divided into five tables by considering their importance and the feasibility of their control. These tables are: 1. Weeds with few sites of infestation; 2. Weeds with localised infestations and a high priority for control; 3. Highly invasive weeds with widespread infestation, requiring strategic management and containment; and 4. Weeds with localised to widespread infestations, requiring strategic management as per site and/or species. 5. Widespread species that tend to only invade disturbed areas, or demonstrate low invasibility. An extra table also lists important weeds to look out for, but not yet present in Kingborough: 6. Alert list. It may appear at first an enormous task to eradicate and/or contain all these weeds, however if this is not done, the problems, and costs, associated shall only continue to escalate. With appropriately coordinated and integrated weed management where all involved put in their ‘fair share’ and cooperate these targets are achievable. The weed lists provided in these tables should not be considered all inclusive, but dynamic. There may be new weeds that appear in the area, priorities may change according to changing values, extra resources or their distribution, and this should be reflected with regular updates of the lists – either as needed, or at least bi-annually. Site and community driven priorities It is recommended that priority sites are identified, mapped and reviewed regularly. Community values can be assessed by conducting regular consultation sessions and referring to local weed management plans. These values and resulting priorities should be incorporated when developing any plans or programs for weed management. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 12 Weeds of the Channel Area Weeds for eradication Table 1: Weeds with few sites of infestation Actions: - Develop a schedule to eradicate immediately (within 2 years) and inspect every 2 years thereafter - Liaise closely with DPIW Botanical Name Common name Distribution Status Critical Actions Calluna vulgaris Heather One infestation recorded at Declared, Zone A Eradicate and monitor known infestation; Summerleas Rd raise awareness; verify distribution. Carduus nutans Nodding thistle One infestation known near Margate Declared, Zone A Eradicate and monitor. Equisetum sp. Horsetail One known infestation at Middleton Declared, Zone A Verify distribution. Eragrostis curvula African lovegrass One known infestation at Leslie Vale Declared, Zone A Eradicate and monitor. Hieracium spp. Hawkweeds Previously at 2 locations (controlled) Declared, Zone A Monitor and eradicate if required. Hypericum perforatum Perforated st johns wort Six known locations Declared, Zone A Eradicate and monitor. Table 2: Weeds with localised infestations and a high priority for control Actions: - Develop a strategic schedule to eradicate all infestations within 5 years, and inspect every 2 years thereafter - Incorporate and refine any current management programs Botanical Name Common name Distribution Status Critical Actions Kunzea ericoides Burgan Several infestations in Kingston, Environmental Weed Raise awareness, continue to map and Blackmans Bay and Lower Snug eradicate; liaise with garden and landscape industries. Lycium ferocissimum African boxthorn Localised infestations Declared, Zone B Raise awareness, implement eradication program. + Salix cinerea Grey willow (also known Several infestations; federally funded WONS, Declared, Continue to raise awareness; continue as wild pussy willow) eradication program underway Zone A eradication program; monitor. Senecio jacobaea Ragwort Localised infestations Declared, Zone B Continue eradication program. Echium plantagineum Patersons curse Localised infestations, especially in Declared, Zone A Eradicate and monitor. developing areas Cortaderia sp. Pampas grasses Widespread Declared, Zone A Raise awareness, continue management program, focus control along roadsides and other corridors. + Salix cinerea (grey willow) has been separated from other Salix species to be able to strategically prioritise management. See table 4 for other Salix species. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 13 Weeds of the Channel Area Weeds for eradication Map 1: Weeds with few sites of infestation (note: coordinates not known for Equisetum) Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 14 Weeds of the Channel Area Weeds for eradication Map 2: Weeds with localised infestations and a high priority for control Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 15 Weeds of the Channel Area Weeds for strategic management Table 3: Highly invasive weeds with widespread infestation, requiring strategic management and containment Note: Failure to contain and monitor these weeds strategically will only compound the problem and associated costs, due in part to their long seed longevity. Actions: - Develop a schedule to eradicate isolated and outlying infestations within 5 years, and inspect regularly thereafter - Develop a schedule to control infestations along corridors such as roadsides and watercourses adjacent to and leading into bush, reserves, priority areas and weed free areas with the aim to contain spread within 10 years - Reduce infestations further according to priorities as is possible - Monitor all control activity every 2 years and eradicate any regrowth immediately - Continue to map and update database Botanical Common name Distribution Status Critical Actions Name Chamaecytisus Tree lucerne Extent uncertain Environmental Weed Exclude from priority sites; control along palmensis corridors and adjacent to priority sites. Chrysanthemoides Boneseed Main infestations north of Snug WONS, declared Contain north of Snug Creek; eradicate monilifera Creek, isolated infestations south of Zone B south of Snug Creek; coordinate control Snug Creek. with HVC. Cytisus scoparius English broom Extent uncertain Declared Zone B Exclude from priority sites; control along corridors and adjacent to priority sites. Erica lusitanica Spanish heath Widespread Declared, Zone B Eradicate and exclude from priority sites; control along corridors and adjacent to priority sites. Research alternative control methods (eg steam weeding). Erica species (except E. Heath species (except Several records (herbarium), Environmental Weed Raise awareness; determine species lusitanica) spanish heath) domestic plantings specific priorities in liaison with DPIW. Genista monspessulana Canary broom Widespread Declared, Zone B Exclude from priority sites; control along corridors and adjacent to priority sites. Psoralea pinnata Blue butterflybush Extent uncertain Environmental Weed Raise awareness; eradicate and exclude from priority sites; control along corridors and adjacent to priority sites. Ulex europaeus Gorse Widespread WONS, Declared, Exclude from priority sites; control along Zone B corridors and adjacent to priority sites. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 16 Weeds of the Channel Area Weeds for strategic management Map 3: Highly invasive weeds with widespread infestation, requiring strategic management and containment Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 17 Weeds of the Channel Area Table 4: Weeds with localised to widespread infestations, requiring strategic management as per site and/or species Note: The invasiveness and distribution for these weeds varies. Control must be adjusted according to the site and risk of spread. Over time some of these species may become a higher priority, in that case their management should be adjusted accordingly. Actions: - Develop a schedule to eradicate outlying and isolated infestations within 5 years - Develop a schedule to control infestations along corridors with the aim to contain spread within 10 years - Develop a plan to eradicate all naturalised infestations in or threatening priority areas within 20 years, and all naturalised infestations within 30 years - Monitor all control activity every 2 years and eradicate immediately any regrowth - Raise awareness and encourage removal from properties close to bush, reserves and priority sites - Continue to map and update database Botanical Name Common name Distribution Status Critical Actions Leycesteria formosa Himalayan honeysuckle Widespread, spreading Declared, Zone B Coordinate control with willow removal (a.k.a. elishas tears) and follow-up; determine priority sites for control. Acacia species: Mainland wattles: incl. Cootamundra widespread, others Environmental Weed Aim to contain within domestic gardens; including A. baileyana, cootamundra, golden more localised; spreading from exclude from priority sites such as A. pycnantha, A. and sticky wattles and domestic plantings. reserves and control adjacent. uncifolia and A. coastal wirilda retinodes Agapanthus praecox Agapanthus Around towns, spreading from Environmental Weed Map naturalised infestations; control in domestic plantings priority sites, aim to contain within domestic gardens. Billardiera heterophylla Bluebell creeper Several infestations, spreading from Environmental Weed Map in priority sites, control accordingly; (formerly Sollya domestic plantings control along roadsides to minimise heterophylla) spread by slashing. Coprosma repens Mirrorbush Around towns, spreading from Environmental weed Encourage removal from gardens; domestic plantings exclude from priority sites. Cotoneaster species Cotoneaster Around towns, spreading from Environmental Weed Encourage removal from gardens; domestic plantings exclude from priority sites. Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn Spreading from domestic plantings Environmental Weed Identify naturalised infestations threatening priority sites, control accordingly. Crocosmia Montbretia Extent uncertain, spreading from Environmental Weed Exclude from priority sites; aim to contain Xcrocosmiiflora domestic plantings within domestic gardens. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 18 Weeds of the Channel Area Botanical Name Common name Distribution Status Critical Actions Pittosporum undulatum Pittosporum Spreading from domestic plantings in Environmental Weed Eradicate and exclude from priority sites. coastal areas Pinus radiata Radiata pine Spreading from domestic and Environmental Weed Map and control naturalised infestations community plantings, extent threatening priority sites, prevent further uncertain spread; investigate good neighbour programs. Paraserianthes Cape wattle Naturalised in coastal areas Environmental Weed Encourage removal from domestic lophantha gardens; exclude from priority sites. + Salix fragilis Crack willow Widespread along rivers, a lot of WONS, Declared, Eradicate in North-West Bay River control carried out Zone B Catchment, Snug River and White water Creek; contain elsewhere; identify further priority sites for control. Salix species (except S. Willows (except crack Mainly domestic plantings, risk of WONS, Declared, Adopt priorities according to Weed Risk + + cinerea and S. fragilis willow and grey willow hybridisation and seed production. Zone A for seeding Assessment being conducted by the and except S. babylonica, and except weeping Weed Risk Assessment currently willows National Willows Program; determine S. xcalodendron and S. willows, pussy willow underway. presence and distribution of resulting reichardtii) and sterile pussy willow) priority taxa. Vinca major Blue periwinkle Extent uncertain Environmental Weed Exclude from priority sites. Watsonia species Watsonia species Widespread, in domestic gardens Environmental Weed Exclude from priority sites Euryops abrotanifolius Winter euryops Several infestations Environmental Weed Exclude from priority sites Ilex aquifolium Holly Several infestations Environmental Weed Determine distribution; communicate with Hobart; coordinate control with Willow control and follow-up. Lepidium draba Hoary cress (a.k.a. Extent uncertain Declared, Zone A Verify distribution; eradicate and monitor whiteweed) as reported. Marrubium vulgare Horehound Extent uncertain Declared, Zone A Verify distribution; eradicate and monitor as reported. Passiflora tarminiana Banana passionfruit Several infestations Environmental Weed Eradicate below Taroona, contain within Taroona; encourage replacement with sterile species/cultivars. Rubus fruticosus Blackberry Very widespread WONS, Declared, Focus control initially on small infestations aggregate Zone B along waterways; provide advice to landholders. + Salix cinerea (grey willow) and Salix fragilis (crack willow) have been separated from other Salix species to be able to strategically prioritise management. See table 2 for Salix cinerea. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 19 Weeds of the Channel Area Weeds for strategic management Map 4: Weeds with localised to widespread infestations, requiring strategic management as per site and/or species Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 20 Weeds of the Channel Area Table 5: Widespread species that tend to only invade disturbed areas, or demonstrate low invasibility. Actions: - Control when included in an integrated plan - Wherever assessed to be invading or threatening assets or priority areas – eradicate and monitor - If it becomes apparent that there is a higher priority for control, adjust management accordingly Botanical Name Common name Distribution Status Critical Actions Foeniculum vulgare Fennel Widespread Declared, Zone B Control along roadsides and other corridors Carduus species Slender thistle Widespread Declared, Zone B Raise awareness; provide information as needed to landholders. Delairea odorata Cape ivy Isolated infestations, some in Environmental Weed Raise awareness; determine presence at gardens priority sites; exclude from priority sites, implement control at Boronia Hills. Fuchsia magellanica Fuchsia Extent uncertain Environmental Weed Raise awareness, Map, exclude from priority sites. Rosa rubiginosa Sweet briar Widespread Environmental Weed Exclude from priority sites Zantedeschia Arum lily Extent uncertain Environmental Weed Raise awareness, determine distribution aethiopica Cirsium arvense Californian thistle Widespread Declared, Zone B Raise awareness; control in corridors; map in priority areas. Please note: Very little data was available for infestations of these weeds, therefore no map is included. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 21 Weeds of the Channel Area Alert list This list needs to be updated annually and distributed to weed managers and the Weed Alert Network in Kingborough. Any reporting of any of these weeds needs to be responded to immediately. Botanical Name Common name Status Comments Asparagus asparagoides Bridal creeper Declared, Zone A Present in HCC (Taroona) Carex albula Frosted curls (sedge) Declared, Zone A Carex flagellifera Weeping sedge Declared, Zone A Present in HVC Carthamus lanatus Saffron thistle Declared, Zone A Present in Brighton Coprosma robusta Karamu Declared, Zone A Present in HCC and DV Cuscuta spp (excluding Cuscuta tasmanica) Dodder Declared, Zone A Datura spp. Thornapples Declared, Zone A Previously recorded in Margate Echium vulgare Vipers bugloss Declared, Zone A Present in Clarence Elodea canadensis Canadian pondweed Declared, Zone A Present in Brighton Egeria densa (= Elodea densa) Dense water weed Declared, Zone A Emex australis Prickly jacks (spiny emex) Declared, Zone A Fallopia japonica Japanese knotweed Declared, Zone A Present in HCC Hypericum tetrapterum Square st johns wort Declared, Zone A Present in HVC Myriophyllum Parrotfeather Declared, Zone A Present in HVC Onopordum spp. Cotton thistles Declared, Zone A Present in DV and Brighton Pennisetum macrourum African feathergrass Declared Zone A Present in DV and HVC Rorippa sylvestris Creeping yellowcress Declared, Zone A Previously at Kettering Urospermum dalechampii False dandelion Declared, Zone A On Bruny Island, stay alert at Tinderbox Xanthium spinosum Bathurst burr Declared, Zone A Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 22 Management Strategy Management Strategy Vision The vision for weed management in Kingborough is: Everyone working together to manage weeds, thereby protecting natural, social and economic values of Kingborough and its neighbours. Key Goals There are many challenges and issues facing weed management in Kingborough. These are similar in many ways to the issues faced at a regional and State level. For this reason the Channel Weed Management Strategy has adopted a similar structure to WeedPlan 2005 and to the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy, grouped into eight components - each with a goal as described below. • Resources: To identify, secure, share, manage and efficiently use weed management resources across government, community and industry in the Kingborough municipality • Biosecurity: To prevent new weeds becoming established and minimise the spread of existing, emerging and sleeper weeds. • Prioritisation and integration: To define weed management priorities and address them in an integrated manner. • Coordination and cooperation: To conduct weed management in a strategic, coordinated and cooperative manner. • Education, training and awareness: To improve weed awareness, weed identification and management skills and knowledge amongst all land managers. • Policy support and regulation: To encourage support of, and improve compliance with, the Weed Management Act 1999 throughout government, community and industry by implementing adequate weed management procedures and actions. • Research and development: To increase knowledge and understanding of weed threats and effective techniques for their management. • Monitoring and evaluation: To regularly monitor, evaluate and follow-up weed mapping and management activities. Management Actions Within each component, objectives are listed and management actions are recommended that aspire to facilitate achievement of the goals over time. These actions are displayed in tables and grouped according to Objectives within each table. Each Action has a code to allow for easy identification and reference; a Performance Indicator by which achievements can be measured; one or several Stakeholders are listed; and each is determined as an urgent, very high, high, medium or low Priority. The priorities for these actions were determined by assessing the importance of the action itself in achieving the objectives, goals and vision of the Channel Weed Management Strategy. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 23 Management Strategy Timing of actions Actions given in this Strategy have varied priorities and will be achieved over different timeframes, or be ongoing. The priority given for each action corresponds to a rough timeframe by which time the action should be initiated. These are: - Urgent To be initiated within 6 months - Very high To be initiated within 1 year - High To be initiated within 2-3 years - Medium To be initiated within 3-4 years - Low To be initiated within 5 years Where it is necessary that the action is completed by a certain date this date is indicated as part of the Performance indicator. Many recommended actions need to be carried out on an ongoing basis, while others may be completed once, such as a proforma, or action plan, but need to be reviewed regularly. Implementation Principle 2 of weed management states that combating weed problems is a shared responsibility that requires all parties to have a clear understanding of their roles. Collective weed management can be funded by combining resources of individual weed managers and local sponsoring bodies, as well as through funding support from local, state or federal governments, or the regional NRM body, NRM South. Due to the nature of NRM funding in general, although this needs to change, funds and other resources are generally limited. The allocation of these resources will be guided by priority and important weeds and actions identified in this Strategy. The Channel Weeds Strategy is closely aligned in structure, goals and management actions to the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy 2004-2010. This links weed management goals in Kingborough closely with regional goals and provides a firm base from which to apply for funding. Funding will also be prioritised, where appropriate, for integrated NRM programs that include weed management and deliver on other natural resource management targets. Roles and responsibilities To clarify roles and responsibilities in the implementation of this Strategy responsible parties are named for each Action. In many instances more than one responsible party has been listed. This is to emphasise the need for a coordinated effort to manage weeds and to encourage all stakeholders to commit to and fulfill their responsibilities. Landowners and/or land managers need to understand their roles in controlling weeds on the land they manage, as described by Principle 2. However, there are many situations when the problem is beyond the capacity of individual landowners or managers. When this is the case all levels of government, industry and community groups have important supportive roles to play. This is recognised in Principle 6: Weed management requires coordination among all levels of government in partnership with industry, land and water managers and the community, regardless of tenure. The roles and responsibilities of these stakeholders vary. A table given in Appendix 1 has been adapted from the Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy. These prescriptions provide not only a guide for implementation of this Strategy, but also for weed management in general. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 24 Resources Goal: To identify, secure, share, manage and efficiently use weed management resources across government, community and industry in the Kingborough municipality. Objectives: a. More people and organisations involved in weed management. b. Share and maintain up-to-date weed management information and data. c. Identify and share weed management resources. d. Increase access to long-term weed management funding. Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Increased R1 Appoint an officer to coordinate the implementation of Weed Strategy Officer KC Urgent involvement priority actions in this strategy. appointed R2 All key land managers to appoint and support officers with Key land managers KC, DIER, PWS, High dedicated weed management responsibilities. with weed officers Transend, Aurora R3 Continue employing a full-time Bushcare Officer. Continuing employment KC High of full-time Bushcare Officer R4 Access Green Corps, Conservation Volunteers teams, the Number of groups of KC, Landcare, Medium Landcare Extra Hands project, Kingborough Conservation volunteers assisting PWS, CVA, Volunteers and other volunteer programs as well as with weed management Community Groups ‘mutual obligation’ and community work-order participants to assist with weed management. R5 Encourage businesses, especially those office-based, to Number of businesses KC, NRM South, Medium conduct team building and community contribution outings conducting staff outings Community where staff participates in weed management. in weed management Groups, Businesses R6 Encourage the involvement of schools and extra-curricular Number of schools and KC, Department of Medium youth activity groups through Adopt-A-Patch programs groups involved Education, NRM and tree plantings. South Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Resources 25 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Increased R7 Encourage the development of more ‘Care’ groups, ‘Care’ groups KC, Landcare, Medium involvement especially in vulnerable areas: Longley, Middleton, established in ‘gap’ Coastcare, HVC Summerleas; coordinate with HVC for one at Verona areas Sands. Weed R8 Conduct weed mapping for priority sites, including Weed maps available KC, Community Very high information areas containing threatened species, threatened for priority sites groups and data vegetation communities and incorporating the identification of weed free areas. R9 Encourage all involved in weed management to conduct Mapping data shared KC, DIER, PWS, High weed mapping and to share data. DPIW R10 Adopt the weed mapping method detailed in A field Weed data displayed KC, DIER, PWS, High manual for surveying and mapping nationally significant as a GIS layer, DPIW, Project weeds to collate existing weed distribution data and regularly updated Officers display as a GIS layer; conduct further mapping where gaps, inconsistencies or inaccuracies are; and update regularly. R11 Participate in the development of a ‘live’ weed recording Weed recording system DPIW High system (database and GIS) and use consistently across developed and in use KC, DIER, PWS organisations for recording weed mapping data, new infestations and treatments. R12 Encourage and support regional and State development of Regional or State weed DPIW, KC, NRM High a weed database. database South, all councils R13 Implement and promote a user friendly system for System developed and KC, Bushcare and Medium producing weed maps for on-ground and field staff and paper maps available Weed Strategy community groups. officers Identifying and R14 Catalogue weed management resources Comprehensive KC, STWS PM Very high sharing (tools/equipment, information and people) and catalogue of DIER, PWS, DPIW, resources promote those available for sharing, including DPIW resources available other land Weed Information Sheets. managers Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Resources 26 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Long-term and R15 Apply for funding to implement existing plans and Level of additional KC, DIER, PWS, Urgent consistent strategies that incorporate priority weed management. funding received community funding groups R16 Continue to provide financial, technical and logistical Number of ‘Care’ KC, Landcare High support to local ‘Care’ groups and individuals undertaking groups supported Tasmania, weed management on public or private land. Coastcare, PWS, NRM South R17 Promote available funding sources amongst weed List of funding sources Landcare, NRM High managers and community. distributed to weed South managers annually R18 Include weed hygiene and management costs in budgets Weed management KC, Transend, High for construction of new assets, asset management included in budgets DIER, Aurora, budgets, risk analysis and planning. PWS, CLS R19 Investigate opportunities for providing incentives to private Number of private KC, NRM South, Medium landholders for management of priority weeds or sites landholders managing DPIW, DIER (e.g. small grants, equipment or awards) weeds R20 Council to investigate means to provide increased and Extra, consistent funds KC Medium consistent funding for weed management, such as allocated to weed appropriate allocation or a NRM levy. management R21 Investigate the benefit of employing a weed control officer Cost benefit analysis of KC Medium who continually controls weeds on Council managed land. weed control officer undertaken R22 Liaise with stakeholders and interested businesses and Level of project NRM South, Low investigate sponsorship possibilities. sponsorship Community groups, KC Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Resources 27 Biosecurity Goal: To prevent new weeds becoming established and minimise the spread of existing, emerging and sleeper weeds. Objectives: a. Develop and implement appropriate weed hygiene practices that prevent weed spread. b. Implement a local Weed Alert Network and appropriate response mechanisms to prevent new weeds establishing. Objectives Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Weed spread B1 Develop protocol to ensure that all contracts and Best practice weed KC, DIER, Very high prevention tenders for work involving soil movement and management and Transend, Aurora, disturbance explicitly incorporate best practice weed hygiene incorporated contractors management and hygiene guidelines. into all contracts B2 Develop a plan for eradication of all weeds in tables 1 Plan and schedules KC, DIER, PWS, Very High and 2, which includes schedules for control and developed Transend, Aurora, follow-up. Private landholders, CLS B3 Develop a plan for management of weeds in tables 3 Plan and schedules KC, DIER, PWS, Very high and 4. To include: eradication of all outlying and developed Transend, Aurora, isolated infestations; control of infestations along private corridors (roads, tracks and waterways) and landholders, CLS schedules facilitating efficient control and follow-up. B4 Develop and implement a practical hygiene action plan Hygiene plan KC, NRM South, High that includes washdown sites, municipality specific developed DIER, Transend, guidelines, priority areas and weed-free areas. Aurora B5 All key land managers, including council staff and Washdown Guidelines KC, DIER, PWS, High contractors, to adopt and utilise the Tasmanian adopted. Transend, Aurora, Washdown Guidelines for Weed and Disease Control. other land managers, NRM South, DPIW, WTWS PM. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Biosecurity 28 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Weed spread B6 Review current roadside, easement and firebreak Reviewed and KC, DIER, PWS, Very high prevention management practices – ensure appropriate recommendations Aurora, Transend, guidelines for slashing and shoulder management in implemented TFS weed risk areas, including weed free areas. B7 Develop and implement Weed Control Plans for all Weed Control Plans KC, DIER Very high quarry and tip sites. developed B8 Investigate opportunities to discourage the dumping of Opportunities identified. KC, PWS, CLS High garden waste, including increased penalties, reduced costs for green waste drop-off and a regular green waste pickup service. B9 All key land managers to be trained in weed identification Key land managers KC, DIER, PWS, Medium and safe hygiene practices. trained in weed Transend, Aurora identification and hygiene B10 Provide community groups and off-road users with Information provided KC, PWS Medium information on preventing weed spread. B11 Raise awareness of the weed risk of invasive ornamental Information resources KC, Nursery Medium species. publicised Industry B12 Investigate and implement options for dumping spoil Spoil dumping sites KC, DIER Medium containing weeds. determined and information distributed B13 Liaise with DPIW to stay up to date with State Weed Risk Number of high risk STWS Committee, Medium Assessments and disseminate as appropriate. plants being imported DPIW, KC, into Kingborough Nursery industry B14 Provide appropriate equipment along tracks and paths Equipment provided KC, PWS, Pony Low entering priority sites, and leaving weedy areas: such as clubs and trail brush-down sites for horse-riders and trail-bike riders. riders association, off-road users Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Biosecurity 29 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Weed Alert B15 All key weed managers to nominate and maintain All key stakeholders KC, DIER, PWS, Very high Network active representation in the State Weed Alert Network. engaged Community groups B16 Adopt the State Response Plan for new incursions Weed Response Plan KC, DPIW Very high and distribute to relevant officers. adopted and distributed B18 Establish a Kingborough Weed Alert Network. Weed Alert email list KC, DIER, PWS, High established DPIW, Care groups B17 Respond immediately if a weed alert or new high-risk Appropriate response KC, DPIW, PWS, High weed is reported, or if new infestations of any important when new weed DIER, Key land weeds are reported in priority sites or areas where it was incursions are reported managers, Weed previously absent and eradicate. Alert Network Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Biosecurity 30 Prioritisation and Integration Goal: To define weed management priorities and address them in an integrated manner. Objectives: a. Identify priority weeds for eradication or containment, priority sites, and community priorities. b. Integrate weed management into all appropriate plans, strategies and land management activities. Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Determining PI1 Develop a map layer of priority sites and buffer zones List of priority sites KC, DIER, DPIW, Urgent priorities (including weed free areas, areas containing available STWS threatened species and threatened vegetation Coordinator, communities) that is reviewed annually, and develop PWS, Community action plans for their management. PI2 Develop a dynamic list of priority, important and alert Up to date weed lists KC, DIER, DPIW, High weeds that is reviewed annually. available STWS Coordinator, PWS, Community PI3 Conduct annual community weed management Annual consultation KC Medium consultation sessions to ensure community priorities are sessions well incorporated into weed management. patronised Integrating PI4 All land and water managers to incorporate best practice SOPs incorporate best KC, PWS, DPIW, High weed weed management and hygiene into their Standard practice weed Transend, Aurora management Operating Procedures and/or activities. management and hygiene PI5 Place a high priority on the implementation of larger scale, Properly integrated PWS, DPIW, NRM High whole of catchment plans and strategies that integrate management plans South, KC, other aspects of NRM, especially those that already exist. being effectively Community Groups implemented PI6 Develop a Site Weed Control Plan proforma that can be Proforma completed KC, STWS Medium used by organisations, community groups and land and distributed Coordinator owners. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Prioritisation and Integration 31 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Integrating PI7 Develop, and require the use of, a weed management Weed management KC, DIER, PWS, Medium weed checklist to ensure all aspects of weed management are checklist developed, Transend, Aurora management included in development applications, tender contracts, distributed and widely crown land leases, management plans and strategies. available PI8 Manage weeds in threatened species sites in accordance Number of weed PWS, Community Medium with threatened species recovery plans and threat related recovery plan groups abatement plans. actions carried out Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Prioritisation and Integration 32 Coordination and Cooperation Goal: To conduct weed management in a strategic, coordinated and cooperative manner. Objective: a. Communicate effectively between weed management stakeholders. b. Coordinate weed management across tenures and between stakeholders. Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Effective CC1 Establish a representative body that meets regularly Representative body KC, DIER, PWS, Urgent communication to oversee and participate in the implementation of established and NRM South, this Strategy. regular meetings well DPIW, CLS, patronised Community, Aurora, Transend CC2 Utilise existing newsletters to distribute weed Weed control KC Urgent management and key control times and key projects. information included in newsletters CC3 Work with regional bodies to establish an email group Online forum up and KC, STWS High and online forum to exchange works plans, weed alerts, running, well patronised Committee, effective control methods and coordinate control Community, all activities. weed managers CC4 Work with regional bodies to develop a calendar showing Calendar developed KC, DPIW, Weed High key control times for weed species. and distributed control contractors Improved CC5 Liaise with neighbouring Councils to negotiate weed Number of projects KC, HVC, DVC, Very high coordination management across boundary lines. undertaken in joint Hobart, force with Glenorchy neighbouring municipalities CC6 Encourage organisations managing assets on public or Number of projects KC, Community High private land to coordinate weed management activities involving multiple Groups, Transend, with landowners/managers and/or community groups. organisations working Aurora, PWS, CLS together with community groups Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Coordination and Cooperation 33 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Improved CC7 Encourage the preparation of simple and clear site Number of rehabilitation KC, Bushcare Medium coordination specific rehabilitation action plans prior to weed removal, action plans Officer, PWS especially in areas where weeds provide benefits, which incorporate coordination and cooperation with neighbouring land managers. CC8 Encourage and facilitate negotiations between and Number of MoU’s KC, DIER, Medium amongst land managers and community groups to entered into Transend, PWS, establish Memorandums of Understanding (MoU’s) for CLS, Aurora, the purpose of coordinating weed management. Community, Landowners Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Coordination and Cooperation 34 Education, training and awareness Goal: To improve weed awareness, weed identification and management skills and knowledge amongst all land managers. Objectives: a. Facilitate training to land and asset managers and community groups. b. Increase weed education in schools, throughout the community and industry. c. Improve awareness of weed issues. Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Training ETA1 Ensure that there are appropriate and sufficient Number of people KC, DIER, DPIW, Very high opportunities for training in weed hygiene, weed who have PWS, NRM South, identification and practical weed control (including successfully passed Contractors, integrated weed management and the Bradley training STWS PM, method) for on-ground staff, contractors, asset community managers, land managers and community groups. groups ETA2 Require that all on-ground staff, asset managers, and Well patronised training KC, DIER, DPIW, Medium major land managers receive regular weed hygiene, events PWS, Contractors, weed identification and control training. land managers ETA3 Facilitate training in weed mapping and GPS Number of people KC, key land Medium technology to enable improved data collection and trained in weed managers, NRM adaptive management. mapping. South, STWS PM ETA4 Facilitate the training of land managers and on-ground Number of people KC, DIER, PWS, Low staff to utilise the GIS weed layer. trained in using GIS Transend, Aurora, weed layer contractors, key land managers Education ETA5 Include weed education facilities in the Weed education KC Very high redevelopment at Baretta Tip. facilities at Baretta tip ETA6 Develop a simple resource folder for on-ground staff, Resource folder KC, STWS High contractors, land managers and community groups to developed and widely Committee include a simple weed identification and management available guide and links to appropriate websites. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Education, training and awareness 35 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Education ETA7 Encourage the library to maintain a collection of useful Weed section of library KC, DIER, PWS, Medium weed training and management reference material for well stocked. DPIW weed managers, educators and the community. ETA8 Gather, maintain and where necessary develop weed Number of venue KC, PWS, Medium education materials for public distribution, including at where weed information Nurseries libraries, information centres, nurseries, council is available to public chambers, and events and shows. ETA9 Promote further development of and involvement in a Course promoted TAFE, KC, DPIW, Low weed identification and control course at TAFE. NRM South Awareness ETA10 Organise launch of the Strategy. Strategy launched KC Urgent ETA11 Place weeds more prominently on Council’s Weeds more KC Urgent website. prominent on Council’s website. ETA12 Include a regular feature on weeds in local paper, Regular feature KC, Community Very high newsletters and on website. articles in local media groups ETA13 Develop and implement a ‘grow local’ awareness ‘Grow local’ booklet KC, Nursery High campaign, including information booklet, native plant available, campaign up Industry, giveaway and promotion of the Understorey Network. and running Understorey network ETA14 Install an easy to see weed information area at the Weed information area KC, community High council chambers. established groups ETA15 Liaise with nursery industry to encourage them to be Number of nurseries Nursery Industry, High involved in increasing awareness of garden plants that providing information KC, PWS, are potential weeds. about potential garden Community groups escapes ETA16 Raise public awareness about dumping green waste. Number of public KC, PWS, Medium awareness avenues Community groups, tried. NGIT Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Education, training and awareness 36 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority ETA17 Set-up Demonstration Integrated Weed Management Demonstration sites KC, Project Medium Sites in highly visible and often visited locations within signposted and Officers, NRM the municipality. advertised by 2013 South Awareness ETA18Promote and conduct Weedbuster Program activities, Number of participants KC, Community Medium especially during Weedbuster Week, as well as in Weedbuster activities groups, DPIW, Environment Day, Clean up Australia Day, and National PWS, Nursery Tree Day. industry ETA19 Facilitate increased awareness of appropriate sub- Number of venues by KC, Community Medium municipality plans such as North West Bay River which sub-municipal Groups Catchment Plan, place copies of such plans on website plans can be accessed. and distribute to libraries and other regional centres. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Education, training and awareness 37 Policy support and regulation Goal: To encourage support of, and improve compliance with, the Weed Management Act 1999 throughout government, community and industry by implementing adequate weed management procedures and actions. Objectives: a. Administer the provisions of the Weed Management Act 1999 b. Provide policy support covering provisions of the Weed Management Act 1999 c. Improve land manager’s knowledge of their legal weed control obligations and responsibilities. Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Administration PSR1 Ensure Council has at least one officer authorised Weeds officer KC, DPIW, PWS Urgent of the Act under the Act. Liaise with DPIW and within network authorised of authorised weed officers. PSR2 As required undertake compliance activities to inform Number of stakeholders STWS Coordinator, High all stakeholders of their responsibilities under the Weed aware of their DPIW, NRM South, Management Act 1999. responsibilities KC regarding the Act PSR3 Enforce the Weed Management Act 1999 and the Litter Weed Inspector role/s KC High Act 2007, where required. supported Policy support PSR4 Refine approval process for Development Weed management KC, Developers Very high Applications to put greater emphasis on weed incorporated into all assessment and management prior to any development development where soil is disturbed, or activities by 2011 subdivision. Incorporate priority weed lists and weed identification training for planners. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Policy support and regulation 38 Research and development Goal: To increase knowledge and understanding of weed threats and effective techniques for their management. Objective: a. Support research into effective hygiene and control methods. b. Support research into the cost of weeds and the benefit of their control. c. Support development of effective and efficient weed hygiene and control methods Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Research into RD1 Encourage collaborative research into weed hygiene Number of research KC, TIAR, NRM High hygiene and and control and the coordination of such research with projects with multiple South, PWS, control other weed control and NRM projects. partners and linked with other NRM projects RD2 Encourage and assist research into effective herbicide- Research being Community Medium free weed control techniques, such as steam weeding conducted in in Kingborough. Kingborough RD3 Develop a research/student program with TAFE and Number of students KC, TAFE, UTAS, Medium University students to encourage research in conducting research in TIAR Kingborough. Kingborough RD4 Encourage and assist research into weed hygiene and Number of research KC, Community, Medium control methods in Kingborough by providing support projects being TIAR and access. conducted in Kingborough Research into RD5 Council to annually estimate true cost of all weed Annual weed cost KC, Community Very high costs and management conducted in the municipality, evaluation produced groups control including community group input and asset benefits maintenance. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Research and development 39 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Research into RD6 Council to provide a review of costs of weed Weed management KC High costs and management throughout Kingborough in the annual incorporated in annual control report. report benefits RD7 Liaise with other land managers to develop and Weed managers KC, weed Medium implement a system whereby all involved in weed providing costs to managers management can provide details of their spending on Council weeds to Council. Development RD8 Encourage weed managers to share results of effective Number of KC, NRM South, Medium of best weed control amongst land managers, providing opportunities for STWS PM, practice opportunities, such as a web forum and regular media information exchange Community management articles, for them to do this. Groups, Weed and hygiene managers Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Research and development 40 Monitoring and evaluation Goal: To regularly monitor, evaluate and follow-up weed mapping and management activities. Objectives: a. Ensure existing weed control sites are monitored and followed-up on b. Continually evaluate effectiveness of weed management c. Regular review of all appropriate policies and plans Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Monitoring and ME1 Develop management agreements when funding Number of KC, NRM South Urgent follow-up weed control, requiring recipients to undertake management monitoring, evaluation and follow-up of treated agreements in place areas. ME2 Regard the completion, monitoring and follow-up of Number of existing KC, Project Very high existing weed control projects, particularly those in weed control projects Officers, PWS, priority areas, as a high priority. followed-up DIER, Contractors ME3 Establish a program encouraging community Number of community Community groups, Medium involvement in monitoring weed control sites, including members involved in KC, PWS photo-point monitoring. monitoring Effectiveness ME4 Evaluate the effectiveness of weed control by Data for sites KC High of weed monitoring and documenting the weed control at 5 sites documented; management for 5 years. Effectiveness of control evaluated by 2015 ME5 Conduct biannual weed mapping to monitor the change Weed mapping carried KC, DIER, PWS, High in weed distribution and improve weed data at priority out in 2008, 2010 and Community groups sites and along important corridors. 1012. Data entered in database and GIS ME 6 Develop and maintain a register of weed control sites, Register of weed KC, DPIW, PWS, Medium link to weed database. control sites developed DIER Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Monitoring and evaluation 41 Objective Action Performance Indicator Stakeholders Priority Regular review ME7 Representative body to report annually to Council Actions reviewed KC Very high of policies and on actions achieved. plans ME8 Review all codes of practice, standard operating Relevant policy KC, DIER, PWS, High procedures and other policy relating to weed reviewed every 5 years STWS Coordinator, management every 5 years. DPIW, Contractors ME9 Analyse and report on the change in distribution and Report produced 2013, KC, DIER, PWS, High extent of weeds in the municipality every 5 years, prior and every 5 years STWS Coordinator, to review of Strategy. DPIW ME10 Review the Channel Weed Management Strategy in 5 Strategy reviewed KC, DIER, PWS, High years. 2014, and every 5 STWS Coordinator, years DPIW ME10 Develop a proforma whereby community groups can System developed and KC, Community Medium easily report annually on the weed control they have promoted groups conducted. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 Management Strategy – Monitoring and evaluation 42 References Further information Websites: Weeds Australia www.weeds.org.au Tasmanian Weed Society www.tasweeds.org.au Weedbuster week www.weedbusters.info Understorey network www.understorey-network.org.au/index.html Weed information www.weedinfo.com.au/ Natural Resource Management Tasmania www.nrmtas.org Kingborough Council www.kingborough.tas.gov.au Huon Valley Council www.huonvalley.tas.gov.au/ Hobart City Council www.hobartcity.com.au Glenorchy City Council www.gcc.tas.gov.au Southern Tasmanian Councils Authority (where Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy Project Manager is based) www.stca.tas.gov.au Department of Primary Industries Water and Environment www.dpiw.tas.gov.au CRC for Australian Weed Management www.weeds.crc.org.au Publications Bishop, A .(2000) Community Weed Management in Tasmania: A guide to developing and implementing a community weed management Strategy. Tasmanian Weed Management Committee Blood, K. (2001) Environmental Weeds: A Field Guide for SE Australia. CH Jerram & Assoc and CRC for Weed Management Systems Bradley, J. (1988) Bringing Back the Bush: the Bradley Method of Bush Regeneration. Lansdowne Press, Sydney Simmons, M. (Ed) (2008) A Guide to Flowers and Plants of Tasmania, 4th Edition. Launceston Field Naturalists Club. Reed Books, Australia FOCOCLS (2003) Environmental Weeds of Southern Tasmania FOCOCLS (2005) Living in the Channel Goninon, C. (2000) Weeding Roadsides - A Guide to Effective Weed Management on Roadsides. Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment, Tasmania Kingborough Council (2007) Naturally Ours: Directory of Kingborough’s Natural Resource Management Care Groups Kirkpatrick, J.B. (Ed) (1991) Tasmanian Native Bush - A Management Handbook. Tasmanian Environment Centre Inc, Hobart Richardson, F.J., Richardson, R.G. and Shepherd, R.C.H. (2007) Weeds of the South- east: An identification Guide for Australia. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 43 References References Australian Weeds Strategy – A national strategy for weed management in Australia. Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council (2006) Australian Government Department of the Environment and Water Resources, Canberra, ACT Chamberlain, B/ (2007) Bruny Island Weed Management Strategy. Tasmania Conod, N. and Gudde, J. (2004) Derwent Valley Municipality Weed Management Strategy. Derwent Valley Council, Tasmania Bishop, A. (2006) Tasmanian Biosecurity Strategy. Tasmanian Biosecurity Committee, Tasmania Eynon, H. (2002) Snug Creek-Oyster Cove-Lower Snug-Nichols Rivulet Rd Weed Management Strategy. FOCOCLS Green, G. (1999) North West Bay River Catchment Management Plan. North West Bay Catchment Management Committee Martin, P. (2003) Killing us Softly – Australia’s Green Stalkers: A call to action on invasive plants and a way forward. CRC for Australian Weed Management, Adelaide McNaught, I., Thackway, R., Brown, L. and Parsons, M. (2006) A field manual for surveying and mapping nationally significant weeds. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra NRM South (2005) Natural Resource Management Strategy for Southern Tasmania. NRM South, Tasmania Phillips, M. (2000) Peter Murrell Nature Reserve and Conservation Area Weed Management Strategy. Rudman, T. (2003) Southern District Weed Management Plan (WHA excluded) 2003-2006. Parks and Wildlife Service Rudman, T. (2003) Tasmanian Beach Weed Strategy: for marram grass, sea spurge, sea wheatgrass, pyp grass & beach daisy. Nature Conservation Branch, DPIWE, Tasmania Schrammeyer, E. (2005) Southern Tasmanian Weed Strategy. NRM South, Hobart Strain, C. (2004) Kingborough Resource Centre Recovery Centre Weed Management Plan Strain, C. (2007) Conservation of Oxleys Road Environment (CORE) Vegetation Survey Strain, C. (2007) DRAFT version 2 Huon Valley Weed Management Strategy. Huon Valley Council, Tasmania Tasmanian Weed Management Committee (2004) Weedplan: Tasmania’s Weed Management Strategy (Revised Edition). Tasmanian Weed Management Committee, Hobart Taylor, G. (2005) Burnie Municipal Weed Management Plan. Burnie City Council, Burnie Tucker, D., French, D. and Rudman, T. (2004) Tasmanian Washdown Guidelines for Weed and Disease Control. DPIWE and Forestry Tasmania and Agricultural Contractors of Tasmania, Tasmania Weed Management Act 1999 Weeds Section, Department of Primary Industries and Water - website: http://www.dpiw.tas.gov.au/weeds Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 44 Appendices Appendix 1: Roles and responsibilities of stakeholders in weed management - Improve their weed knowledge and skills and apply their skills to improve weed Individual management. landowners - Detect and report new weed occurrences. and land users - Integrate economic and environmental values in the management of weed problems on their land. - Plan and cooperate with neighbours to manage weeds. - Support and promote sustainable production practices to minimise the development of weed problems. - Manage weed problems on the land they own or manage - Coordinate group action and links to plans at a regional level. Communities - Raise awareness and improve education on weed issues. - Encourage participation in local and regional weed management issues. - Represent members’ interests on weed issues. Community - Contribute to coordination and/or delivery of weed management initiatives and industry - Encourage participation in local and regional weed management issues organisations - Provide members with information on weed management issues. - Participate in the development of codes and policies that will reduce the impact of weeds. - Provide information, coordination and support for community groups. Local - Encourage responsible weed management. Governments - Manage weed problems on their own land. - Develop and apply local weed management strategies. - Exercise statutory and planning responsibilities to encourage responsible weed management. - Encourage the development of weed management strategies and other The State mechanisms for cooperation and coordination of weed management at local, Government regional, State and national levels. - Provide leadership, coordination and resources for research, assessment, education and public awareness programs on weeds. - Liaise and cooperate with other states and territories and the Australian Government to provide mechanisms and procedures to minimise the risk of new weeds being introduced into Tasmania. - Manage weed problems on its own land responsibly in cooperation with other landowners. - Provide a suitable institutional and legislative framework. - Exercise statutory responsibilities to encourage responsible weed management. - Develop and implement effective policies and programs. - Provide positive support through financial incentives, assistance schemes and appropriate standards and regulations. - Manage weed problems on their own land responsibly in cooperation with The Australian other landowners. Government - Provide research funding in partnership with industry and other stakeholders. - In cooperation with the State Government, facilitate the development of an economic, social and cultural framework that encourages weed management as an integral part of sustainable land management. - Provide positive financial, structural and education support through programs including, but not limited to, the Natural Heritage Trust and the National Landcare Program - In cooperation with the State Government, provide the appropriate legislative framework necessary to reduce the introduction of new weeds into Australia. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 45 Appendices - Provide a forum to identify, discuss and resolve weed matters of State Tasmanian significance Weed - Provide advice and make recommendations to government on matters relating Management to WeedPlan (2005) Committee - Oversee the implementation of WeedPlan (2005) and undertake relevant actions’ - Inform member organisations about developments and issues concerning weed management - Provide advice and support to regional weed management committees - Provide advice and reports to Tasmania Together progress board, DPIWE Biosecurity Committee and Australian Weeds Committee where appropriate - Promote regional weed management coordination with stakeholders Southern - Advise the Tasmanian Weed Management Committee (via membership) on Tasmanian regional matters requiring inter-regional or higher level management and other Weed Strategy issues relevant to the region (STWS) - Provide a forum for the interchange of weed management information Committee (or - Implement the regional actions within WeedPlan (2005) - Oversee implementation and maintain STWS relevant - Develop and implement action plans for weeds of major regional significance organisation) - Coordinate and report on regional funding applications for weed projects - Support the development of community weed management groups - Monitor, evaluate and report on the status of weeds in the region - Facilitate and coordinate the implementation of the STWS Southern - Coordinate the establishment of STWS Committee or relevant organisation Tasmanian - Promote funding and investment opportunities available through NRM and Weed Strategy other processes (STWS) - Promote involvement of stakeholders, encourage their investment in weed Coordinator management - Promote and encourage the region’s involvement in weed management developments beyond the Southern NRM Region - Encourage improved communication and coordination amongst weed managers in the Southern NRM Region - Develop and promote weed management projects that integrate NRM outcomes and reflect high priority strategic actions in STWS Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 46 Appendices Appendix 2: Explanatory notes accompanying GIS database and maps Data collection Data was collected from the following sources: Andrew Welling – Roadside data as well as some project data Cassandra Strain – Some project data and coastal values data Community Groups – data drawn by them onto maps Garry Witzerman – data collected while conducting control works DPIW – Gorse data Michael Rowland – Roadside mapping conducted for the Biolinks project Richard Greenhill – Patersons curse and Burgan data Tasmanian Land and Water Professionals – Wild pussy willow data Yuki Yamaguchi – student at TAFE – roadside data for Albion Heights area. Database The data was then recorded in Excel and organised according to the National Core Attributes for Weed Mapping as described in A Field Manual: for surveying and mapping nationally significant weeds, as well as a number of other attributes deemed important. See the table on the following page for details of the attributes included in the Kingborough database. The National Core Attributes are shaded grey. The database developed for this strategy is in the form of a Mapinfo table, and in the projection MGA Zone 55 (GDA 94) Where nothing is noted for treatment, regard it as ‘no treatment’ Accuracy Accuracies vary in this database. Some data is taken from GPS readings which have a high accuracy. Others are taken from a topographic map and converted to excel file and then to Mapinfo, resulting in a lower accuracy. The latter is recorded as ‘desktop’ accuracy in the database. Weeds Several of the data sources did not include blackberry data due to the sheer volume of blackberry infestations. Weeds are referred to in most cases with their common name. Wild pussy willow is one that is referred to by its species name: Salix cinerea Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 47 Appendices Attribute Description 1. Data record Unique identifier for the site record. 2. Name of weed Common name, genus, species, sub-species, variety. Any uncertainty recorded in comments field 3. Date Collection/observation date. DD-MON-YYYY (e.g. 12- Dec-2001) is preferred as it is less error prone. 4. Source of data Name of collector or institution 5. Purpose of visit Reason the site was chosen 6. Place name or locality Plain language description of location e.g. Lower Snug 7. Site name More detail of location e.g. Channel Hwy 8. Site description Description that allows greater accuracy in cross- checking geocode (longitude and latitude) if needed e.g. Corner Waldie Drive 9. Longitude Longitude in decimal degrees or GDA 94 coordinates. Zone and datum need to be recorded 10. Latitude Latitude in decimal degrees or GDA 94 coordinates. As for Longitude. 11. Precision Precision of measurement in locating the site. Records how the coordinates were determined (GPS, topographic map or estimated) 12. Area in m2 Area of the infestation 13. Cover/density Density measured by class intervals. Prefer data that records raw density as a percent. 14. Size of plants How large the plants are and/or what growth stage e.g. seedlings, mature tree, large shrub. 15. Sex What sex the plant is, where measurable 16. Treatment Type/s of control and/or management being used to treat infestation. No treatment should also be recorded 17. Completion date The date that initial treatment has been completed 18. Follow up Details of follow-up visits and treatment 19. Status Details of the known status of the infestation e.g. ‘Treated’; ‘followed up year1’ or ‘no weeds May 2008’ 20. Comments Comments at the time of the survey. Factors likely to affect the adequacy of the record. Anecdotal observations of the site or photo/s 21. Core site number Number of records for the site or overlapping site. Records multiple sites spatially or multiple visits over time. 22. Land use Land use observed at the site according to agreed national classification. Channel Weed Management Strategy 2008-2013 48 Goals of the Channel Weed Management Strategy Resources: To identify, secure, share, manage and efficiently use weed management resources across government, community and industry in the Kingborough municipality Biosecurity: To prevent new weeds becoming established and minimise the spread of existing, emerging and sleeper weeds. Prioritisation and integration: To define weed management priorities and address them in an integrated manner. Coordination and cooperation: To conduct weed management in a strategic, coordinated and cooperative manner. Education, training and awareness: To improve weed awareness, weed identification and management skills and knowledge amongst all land managers. Policy support and regulation: To encourage support of, and improve compliance with, the Weed Management Act 1999 throughout government, community and industry by implementing adequate weed management procedures and actions. Research and development: To increase knowledge and understanding of weed threats and effective techniques for their management. Monitoring and evaluation: To regularly monitor, evaluate and follow-up weed mapping and management activities.