Docstoc

2002 ford one ton picker

Document Sample
2002 ford one ton picker Powered By Docstoc
					                                        Table of Contents
Introduction                                           3

Instrument Cluster                                    10
  Warning and control lights                           10
  Gauges                                               13
Entertainment Systems                                 17
  AM/FM stereo cassette with CD                        17
  AM/FM stereo with CD                                 26
  CD changer                                           28
Climate Controls                                      33
  Heater only                                          33
  Manual heating and air conditioning                  34
Lights                                                36
  Headlamps                                            36
  Turn signal control                                  38
  Bulb replacement                                     39
Driver Controls                                       45
  Windshield wiper/washer control                      45
  Power windows                                        48
  Mirrors                                              49
  Speed control                                        50
  Message center                                       53
Locks and Security                                    58
  Keys                                                 58
  Locks                                                58
  Anti-theft system                                    60
Seating and Safety Restraints                         65
  Seating                                              65
  Safety restraints                                    70
  Air bags                                             82
  Child restraints                                     90

                                                            1
    Table of Contents
    Driving                                                            101
      Starting                                                          101
      Brakes                                                            105
      Transmission operation                                            109
      Trailer towing                                                    130
    Roadside Emergencies                                               158
      Getting roadside assistance                                       158
      Fuses and relays                                                  160
      Changing tires                                                    165
      Jump starting                                                     174
      Wrecker towing                                                    179
    Customer Assistance                                                181
      Reporting safety defects (U.S. only)                              189
    Cleaning                                                           190

    Maintenance and Specifications                                     196
      Engine compartment                                                198
      Engine oil                                                        199
      Battery                                                           202
      Fuel information                                                  210
      Air filter(s)                                                     227
      Part numbers                                                      234
      Refill capacities                                                 234
      Lubricant specifications                                          237
    Accessories                                                        251

    Index                                                              255

All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company. Ford may change the contents without
notice and without incurring obligation.
                      Copyright © 2002 Ford Motor Company

2
                                                      Introduction
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
       WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and
       certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to
the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and
certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.

CONGRATULATIONS
Congratulations on acquiring your new Ford. Please take the time to get
well acquainted with your vehicle by reading this handbook. The more
you know and understand about your vehicle the greater the safety and
pleasure you will derive from driving it.
For more information on Ford Motor Company and its products visit the
following website:
• In the United States: www.ford.com
• In Canada: www.ford.ca
• In Australia: www.ford.com.au
• In Mexico: www.ford.com.mx
Additional owner information is given in separate publications.
This Owner’s Guide describes every option and model variant available
and therefore some of the items covered may not apply to your
particular vehicle. Furthermore, due to printing cycles it may describe
options before they are generally available.
Remember to pass on the Owner’s Guide when reselling the vehicle. It is
an integral part of the vehicle.
        Fuel pump shut-off switch In the event of an accident the
        safety switch will automatically cut off the fuel supply to the
engine. The switch can also be activated through sudden vibration (e.g.
collision when parking). To reset the switch, refer to the Fuel pump
shut-off switch in the Roadside emergencies chapter.




                                                                           3
    Introduction
SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION

      Warning symbols in this guide
How can you reduce the risk of personal injury and prevent possible
damage to others, your vehicle and its equipment? In this guide, answers
to such questions are contained in comments highlighted by the warning
triangle symbol. These comments should be read and observed.

      Warning symbols on your vehicle
When you see this symbol, it is
imperative that you consult the
relevant section of this guide before
touching or attempting adjustment
of any kind.
Protecting the environment
We must all play our part in
protecting the environment. Correct
vehicle usage and the authorized
disposal of waste cleaning and
lubrication materials are significant
steps towards this aim. Information in this respect is highlighted in this
guide with the tree symbol.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular guidelines for breaking-in your vehicle. During
the first 1,600 km (1,000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
recommended to give the moving parts a chance to break in.




4
                                                       Introduction
SPECIAL NOTICES
Emission warranty
The New Vehicle Limited Warranty includes Bumper-to-Bumper
Coverage, Safety Restraint Coverage, Corrosion Coverage, and 7.3L
Power Stroke Diesel Engine Coverage. In addition, your vehicle is eligible
for Emissions Defect and Emissions Performance Warranties. For a
detailed description of what is covered and what is not covered, refer to
the Warranty Guide that is provided to you along with your Owner’s
Guide.
Special instructions
For your added safety, your vehicle is fitted with sophisticated electronic
controls.
      Please read the section Air bag in the Seating and safety
      restraints chapter. Failure to follow the specific warnings and
instructions could result in personal injury.

       Front seat mounted rear facing child or infant seats should
       NEVER be used in front of a passenger side air bag unless the
air bag can be and is turned OFF.


Notice to owners of diesel-powered vehicles
Read the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel Owner’s
Guide Supplement for information regarding correct operation and
maintenance of your diesel-powered light truck.




                                                                          5
    Introduction
Notice to owners of pickup trucks and utility type vehicles
       Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
       other types of vehicles.

Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of vehicle
control, vehicle rollover, personal injury or death.
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter.

Using your vehicle with a snowplow
For more information and guidelines for using your vehicle with a
snowplow, refer to the Driving chapter.

Using your vehicle as an ambulance
If your light truck is equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation
Package, it may be utilized as an ambulance. Ford urges ambulance
manufacturers to follow the recommendations of the Ford Incomplete
Vehicle Manual, Ford Truck Body Builder’s Layout Book and the QVM
guidelines as well as pertinent supplements. For additional information,
please contact the Truck Body Builders Advisory Service
1–877–840–4338.
Use of your Ford light truck as an ambulance, without the Ford
Ambulance Preparation Package voids the Ford New Vehicle Limited
Warranty and may void the Emissions Warranties. In addition, ambulance
usage without the preparation package could cause high underbody
temperatures, overpressurized fuel and a risk of spraying fuel which
could lead to fires.




6
                                                     Introduction
If your vehicle is equipped with the
Ford Ambulance Preparation
Package, it will be indicated on the
Certification label. The label is
located on the driver’s side door
pillar or on the rear edge of the
driver’s door. You can determine
whether the ambulance
manufacturer followed Ford’s
recommendations by directly
contacting that manufacturer. Ford
Ambulance Preparation Package is
only available on certain 7.3L Diesel
engine equipped vehicles.


Notice to owners with vehicles equipped with Power Take Off
(PTO) capability
Refer to the Driving chapter for more information and guidelines for
operating vehicles equipped with PTO.
Middle East/North Africa vehicle specific information
For your particular global region, your vehicle may be equipped with
features and options that are different from the ones that are described
in this Owner Guide; therefore, a supplement has been supplied that
complements this book. By referring to the pages in the provided
supplement, you can properly identify those features, recommendations
and specifications that are unique to your vehicle. Refer to this Owner
Guide for all other required information and warnings.




                                                                       7
    Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.

                          Vehicle Symbol Glossary


Safety Alert                          See Owner’s Guide


Fasten Safety Belt                    Air Bag-Front


Air Bag-Side                          Child Seat

Child Seat Installation               Child Seat Lower
Warning                               Anchor

Child Seat Tether
                                      Brake System
Anchor

                                      Brake Fluid -
Anti-Lock Brake System
                                      Non-Petroleum Based

Traction Control                      AdvanceTrac


Master Lighting Switch                Hazard Warning Flasher


Fog Lamps-Front                       Fuse Compartment


Fuel Pump Reset                       Windshield Wash/Wipe

Windshield                            Rear Window
Defrost/Demist                        Defrost/Demist



8
                                                    Introduction

                       Vehicle Symbol Glossary

Power Windows
                                   Power Window Lockout
Front/Rear
                                   Interior Luggage
Child Safety Door
                                   Compartment Release
Lock/Unlock
                                   Symbol

Panic Alarm                        Engine Oil

                                   Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
                                   Temperature

Do Not Open When Hot               Battery

Avoid Smoking, Flames,
                                   Battery Acid
or Sparks

Explosive Gas                      Fan Warning

                                                            MAX
                                   Maintain Correct Fluid
Power Steering Fluid                                        MIN

                                   Level

Emission System                    Engine Air Filter

Passenger Compartment
                                   Jack
Air Filter


Check fuel cap                     Low tire warning




                                                                   9
  Instrument Cluster
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES




Warning lights and gauges can alert you to a vehicle condition that may
become serious enough to cause expensive repairs. A warning light may
illuminate when a problem exists with one of your vehicle’s functions.
Many lights will illuminate when you start your vehicle to make sure the
bulb works. If any light remains on after starting the vehicle, have the
respective system inspected immediately.
Service engine soon: If this light
illuminates while driving, it is a
possible indication that one of the
engine’s emission control systems
has failed.
Check fuel cap (if equipped):
Illuminates when the fuel cap may
not be properly installed. Continued
driving with this light on may cause
the Service engine soon warning
light to come on.
Check gage: Illuminates when any                     CHECK
of the following conditions has
occurred:                                             GAGE
• The engine coolant temperature
    is high.
• The engine oil pressure is low.
• The fuel gauge is at, or near empty.




10
                                             Instrument Cluster
Brake system warning light:
Illuminates if the parking brake is
engaged or to indicate low brake
fluid level. To confirm the brake
system warning light is functional, it will momentarily illuminate when
the ignition is turned to the ON position (alternatively for some vehicles
when the ignition is moved from the ON position to the START position,
the light will momentarily illuminate prior to reaching the START
position).
Anti-lock brake system: If the
ABS light stays illuminated or
continues to flash, a malfunction has                  ABS
been detected, have the system
serviced immediately. Normal
braking is still functional unless the brake warning light also is
illuminated.
Air bag readiness: If this light fails
to illuminate when ignition is turned
to ON, continues to flash or remains
on, have the system serviced
immediately. A chime will also sound when a malfunction in the
supplemental restraint system has been detected.
Safety belt: Reminds you to fasten
your safety belt. A chime will also
sound to remind you to fasten your
safety belt.

Charging system: Illuminates when
the battery is not charging properly.

Check air suspension
(if equipped): Illuminates when
                                                    CHECK
the air suspension switch is turned                  SUSP
OFF, the load limit is exceeded or
the air suspension requires servicing.
Low fuel: Illuminates when the fuel
level in the fuel tank is at, or near
empty (refer to Fuel gauge in this
chapter).


                                                                        11
  Instrument Cluster
Speed control: Illuminates when
the speed control is activated. Turns
off when the speed control system
is deactivated.

Transmission control indicator
light (TCIL): Illuminates when the
overdrive function of the                                     OVERDRIVE
transmission has been turned off,
refer to the Driving chapter. If the
light flashes steadily, have the system serviced immediately.
Four wheel drive low                                 LOW
(if equipped): Illuminates when
four-wheel drive low is engaged.                    RANGE
Four wheel drive indicator                              4x4
(if equipped): Illuminates when
four-wheel drive is engaged.
Door ajar: Illuminates when the
ignition is in the ON position and
any door is open.

Turn signal: Illuminates when the
left or right turn signal or the
hazard lights are turned on. If the
indicators stay on or flash faster, check for a burned out bulb.
High beams: Illuminates when the
high beam headlamps are turned on.


Key-in-ignition warning chime: Sounds when the key is left in the
ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC position and the driver’s door is
opened.
Headlamps on warning chime: Sounds when the headlamps or parking
lamps are on, the ignition is off (and the key is not in the ignition) and
the driver’s door is opened.




12
                                            Instrument Cluster
GAUGES




Speedometer: Indicates the
current vehicle speed.




Engine coolant temperature
gauge: Indicates engine coolant
temperature. At normal operating
temperature, the needle will be in
the normal range (between “H” and
“C”). If it enters the red section,
the engine is overheating. Stop
the vehicle as soon as safely
possible, switch off the engine
and let the engine cool.
       Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
       running or hot.


Odometer: Registers the total
kilometers (miles) of the vehicle.




                                                                    13
  Instrument Cluster
Trip odometer: Registers the
kilometers (miles) of individual
journeys. To reset, depress the
                                           P RN D 2
                                                D
control.

Tachometer: Indicates the engine
speed in revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer continuously at the top of
the scale may damage the engine.



Battery voltage gauge
(manual transmission only):
Indicates the battery voltage when
the ignition is in the ON position. If
the pointer moves and stays outside
the normal operating range (as
indicated by arrows), have the
vehicle’s electrical system checked
as soon as possible.


Engine oil pressure gauge:
Indicates engine oil pressure. The
needle should stay in the normal
operating range (between “L” and
“H”). If the needle falls below the
normal range, stop the vehicle, turn
off the engine and check the engine
oil level. Add oil if needed. If the oil
level is correct, have your vehicle
checked at your dealership or by a
qualified technician.




14
                                            Instrument Cluster
Fuel gauge: Indicates
approximately how much fuel is left
in the fuel tank (when the ignition
is in the ON position).




Transmission fluid temperature gauge
(automatic transmission only):
If the gauge is in the:
White area (normal) - the
transmission fluid is within the
normal operating temperature
(between “H” and “C”).




Yellow area (warning) — the
transmission fluid is higher than
normal operating temperature. This
can be caused by special operation
conditions (i.e. snowplowing, towing
or off road use). Refer to Special
Operating Conditions in the
scheduled maintenance guide for
instructions. Operating the
transmission for extended periods of
time with the gauge in the yellow
area may cause internal transmission damage.
Altering the severity of the driving conditions is recommended to lower
the transmission temperature into the normal range.



                                                                      15
  Instrument Cluster
Red area (over temperature) —
the transmission fluid is overheating.
Stop the vehicle to allow the
temperature to return to normal
range.




If the gauge is operating in the Yellow or Red area, stop the vehicle and
verify the airflow is not restricted such as snow or debris blocking airflow
through the grill. If the gauge continues to show high temperatures, see
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.




16
                                            Entertainment Systems
AM/FM STEREO

              5           6      7                                1                   2


                    VOL
                   PUSH
                     ON
                          TONE       TONE VOL   ST   DX
                                                     FM
                                                                          SEEK
                                                     12
                          CLK                                             TUNE




             1            2             3                     4               AM/FM



                                 4                                                        3

1. Seek: Press      /    to find the
next listenable station down/up the
frequency band.
2. Tune: Press    /    to manually
change radio frequency down/up.
3. AM/FM: Press to choose a
frequency band in radio mode.                                             AM/FM


4. Memory preset buttons: To set
a station: Select frequency band                          1           2           3           4
AM/FM; tune to a station, press and
hold a preset button until sound returns.




                                                                                                  17
  Entertainment Systems
5. Power/volume: Press to turn
ON/OFF; turn to increase or
decrease volume levels.


6. Tone: Press TONE until the                                  VOL
                                                              PUSH
                                                                ON
desired level — Bass, Treble, Fade,             TONE
Balance (if equipped) appears on
                                                CLK
the display. Turn the volume control
to raise/lower the levels, or to move
the audio sound from the right to
left or the front to back (if equipped).
7. CLK (Clock): To set the hour,
                                                       TONE
press and hold CLK until CLOCK
SET appears in the display. Press                      CLK
SEEK to decrease         or
increase       the hours.
To set the minute, press and hold CLK until CLOCK set appears in the
display. Press TUNE to decrease     or increase   the minutes.




18
                                                        Entertainment Systems
AM/FM STEREO CASSETTE

      12           13          14 15 16 17                             1            2           3   4
        VOL - PUSH ON

                          AM                      FM1         ST                        CLK
                               BASS   TREB                             BAL     FADE
                          FM                                                            TAPE
                                                                                        AMS


 11
                   SEEK                                                      SIDE     1-2
                                   SCAN      EJ
 10                TUNE
                                                                             REW      FF


  9
               1               2             3           4         5            6



                                                         8    7                             6       5

1. Balance: Press to shift sound to
the left/right speakers.


2. Fade: Press to shift sound to the
rear/front speakers.


3. CLK: To set the hour, press and                                     CLK
hold CLK. Then press SEEK to
decrease     or increase     the
hours.
To set the minute, press and hold CLK and press TUNE to decrease
or increase     the minutes.
4. Tape AMS: In tape mode, press                   TAPE
                                                    AMS
and hold to activate Automatic
Music Search (allows you to quickly
locate the beginning of the tape selection being played or to skip to the

                                                                                                    19
  Entertainment Systems
next selection). Then, press REW (for the beginning of the current
selection) or FF (to advance to the next selection). The tape MUST have
a blank section of at least four seconds duration between programs.
5. Side 1–2: Press to change tape                     SIDE 1 - 2
direction.

6. REW (rewind): Press to rewind                      REW
the tape.

FF (fast forward): Press to                           FF
advance the tape.

7. Memory preset buttons: To set
a station: Select frequency band
AM/FM1/FM2; tune to a station,
press and hold a preset button until sound returns.
8.    Dolby noise reduction: Works in tape mode only. Reduces tape
noise and hiss; press to activate/deactivate.
9. Scan: Press SCAN to hear a brief
sampling of all listenable radio
stations or all tape selections. Press
again to stop.
10. Tune: Works in radio mode only.
Press TUNE        /      to change
frequency down/up
11. Seek: Press and
release     /      for previous/next
strong station, selection or track.
12. Power/volume: Press to turn
ON/OFF; turn to increase or
decrease volume levels.




20
                                       Entertainment Systems
13. AM/FM: Press to choose a
frequency band in radio mode.



14. Bass: Press     /    to
decrease/increase the bass output.


15. Treble: Press    /     to
decrease/increase the treble output.

16. EJ (Eject): Press to eject a                       EJ

tape.

17. Cassette door: Insert a cassette into the cassette door.




                                                               21
  Entertainment Systems
PREMIUM AM/FM STEREO/CASSETTE/SINGLE CD




1. Power/volume: Press to turn
ON/OFF; turn
clockwise/counterclockwise to
increase/decrease volume.

2. Scan: Press SCAN to move up                         SCAN
the radio frequency band. SCAN
automatically finds a station, plays it
for five seconds, then moves to the next station. Press again to stop.
Tape/CD: Press SCAN to sample tape/CD selections for eight seconds.
Press again to stop.
3. CD Door: Insert the disc with
the playing side down and printed
side up.




22
                                         Entertainment Systems
4. Cassette door: Insert the
cassette with the opening to the
right.


5. Eject: Press to eject the
cassette/CD. The radio will resume
playing.


6. Tape: Press to start tape play.
Press to stop tape during
rewind/fast forward.
CD: Press to start CD play. With the
dual media audio, press CD to
toggle between single CD and CD
changer play (if equipped).
7. Mute: Press to MUTE playing
media; press again return to playing
media.


8. Auto: Press to set first six
strongest stations (if available) into
AM, FM1 or FM2 memory buttons;
press again to return to normal
stations.

9. Clock: Press and hold to set the
clock. Press the     SEEK to
decrease hours or SEEK        to
increase hours. Press the      TUNE
to decrease minutes or TUNE        to
increase minutes. If your vehicle has a stand alone clock this control will
not function.




                                                                         23
  Entertainment Systems
10. Balance: Press BAL; then press
SEL       /    to shift sound to the
left/right speakers.



Fade: Press FADE; then press
SEL      /    to shift sound to the
rear/front speakers.



11. Memory preset buttons: To
set a station: Select frequency band
AM/FM1/FM2; tune to a station,
press and hold a preset button until sound returns.
12. Shuffle (CD): Press to play
tracks in random order.

13. Compression (CD): Press to
bring soft and loud passages
together for a more consistent
listening level.
14.     Dolby noise reduction:
Works in tape mode only. Reduces
tape noise and hiss; press to
activate/deactivate.
15. Side 1–2: Works in tape mode
only. Press to play reverse side of
the tape.

16. Fast Forward (FF): Press for                      FF
a slow advance, press and hold for a                  2
fast advance.
17. Rewind (REW): Press for a                         REW
slow rewind, press and hold for a                         1
fast rewind.


24
                                      Entertainment Systems
18. Select (SEL): Use with Bass,                  SEL
Treble, Balance and Fade controls.

19. Bass: Press BASS; then press
SEL     /    to decrease/increase
the bass output.



Treble: Press TREB; then press
SEL      /    to decrease/increase
the treble output.



20. Tune: Works in radio mode only.             SEEK

Press TUNE     /     to change                  TUNE


frequency down/up.



21. Seek: Press and release
SEEK      /      for previous/next
strong station, selection or track.                SEEK

                                                   TUNE




22. AM/FM: Press to select
AM/FM1/FM2 frequency band.




                                                          25
  Entertainment Systems
PREMIUM IN-DASH SIX CD SOUND SYSTEM




1. Seek: Press and release
SEEK      /      for previous/next
strong station, or track of current
disc.
2. Rewind: Press for a slow rewind,
press and hold for a fast rewind.

Fast forward: Press for a slow
advance, press and hold for a fast
advance.
3. Comp (Compression): In CD mode, press to adjust the soft and loud
passages together for a more consistent listening level. Press the COMP
control until COMP ON is displayed.
4. Mute: Press to MUTE playing
media; press again return to playing
media. In CD mode, MUTE acts as a
pause feature.
5. Eject: Press to eject a CD. Press
and hold to auto eject all loaded
discs.

26
                                       Entertainment Systems
6. Bass: Press BASS; then press
SEL     /     to decrease/increase
the bass output.
Treble: Press TREB; then press
SEL      /    to decrease/increase
the treble output.
7. Select: Use with Bass, Treble,
Balance and Fade controls to adjust
levels. Use with MENU to set the
clock and engage RDS.
8. Balance: Press BAL; then press
SEL       /    to shift sound to the
left/right speakers.
Fade: Press FADE; then press
SEL      /     to shift sound to the
rear/front speakers.
9. Menu: Press MENU and SEL to
access clock mode, RDS on/off,
Traffic announcement mode and
Program type mode.
10. Memory presets: To set a
station: Select frequency band
AM/FM; tune to a station, press and
hold a preset button until sound
returns. In CD mode, press to move between CDs.
11. CD: Press to select CD mode.
Seamless play: In CD mode, the
transition between the end of one
CD and the beginning of another will not contain delay time unless SEEK
or a preset control is pressed.
12. AM/FM: Press to select AM/FM
frequency band. Hold to initiate
Autostore: Allows you to set the
strongest local radio stations without losing your original manually set
preset stations for AM/FM1/FM2 . Press and momentarily hold AM/FM.
AUTOSTORE will flash on the display. When the six strongest stations

                                                                     27
  Entertainment Systems
are filled, the station stored in preset 1 will begin playing. If there are
less than six strong stations, the system will store the last one in the
remaining presets. Press again to disengage.
13. Power/volume: Press to turn
ON/OFF; turn to increase or
decrease volume levels.


14. Load: Press to load a CD. Press
and hold to load up to six discs.

15. Shuffle: Press to play tracks in
random order.

16. Scan: Press to hear a brief
sampling of all listenable stations or
CD tracks. Press again to stop.
17. Disc tune: Radio: Press
or     to manually tune down or up
the radio frequency band. CD:
Press      to select the previous track or      to select the next track on
the CD.
18. CD door: Insert a CD label side
up.


CD CHANGER (IF EQUIPPED)
Your CD changer is in one of the following locations:
• Behind the passenger’s seat (Regular Cab only)
• In the center console (SuperCab/SuperCrew with Captain’s chairs)
• Under the rear bench on the driver’s side (see instructions below)
  (SuperCab with bench seats)
• In the stowage bin on the passenger’s side (SuperCrew with bench
  seats)



28
                                      Entertainment Systems
1. Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
2. Press     to eject the magazine.




3. Turn the magazine (A) over.
                                         A                         B
4. Using the disc holder release
knob (C), pull the disc holder (B)
out of the magazine.


                                                                       C



Do not pull too hard on the disc holder as the disc holder may come
completely out of the magazine. If this happens, reinsert the disc holder
back into the magazine while pressing on the lever.
5. Line up the CD with the groove
of the disc holder. Ensure that the
label on the CD faces downwards.
6. Press the disc holder until it locks
securely into the magazine.




                                                                        29
  Entertainment Systems
Ensure that the disc holder is
evenly inserted and at the same             A
level as the magazine (A). The unit
will not operate if the disc holder is
not inserted at the same level (B).

                                            B



If your CD changer is located under the rear bench, the following
instructions apply to load discs:
1. Load the discs into the magazine                      6
                                                         5
slots (numbered 1 through 6 on the                       4
                                                         6 COMPACT DISC MAGAZINE
                                                         3
window) one at a time with labeled                       2
                                                         1

surfaces upward. (The holders DO
NOT pull out. )
2. Begin with the bottom slot number 1.
3. Insert the loaded magazine into the CD changer with the arrow
pointing toward the changer.
To remove discs:
1. Slide the corresponding lever on the opposite side of the magazine
window. The disc will partially eject.
2. Remove the disc.
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove box when not being used.
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power off.
ONLY use the magazine supplied with the CD changer, other types will
damage the unit.
Keep the CD changer door closed. Coins and foreign objects will damage
the CD player and void your audio system warranty.
RADIO FREQUENCIES
AM and FM frequencies are established by the Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio and Telecommunications
Commission (CRTC). Those frequencies are:
AM - 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM- 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz

30
                                      Entertainment Systems
RADIO RECEPTION FACTORS
There are three factors that can effect radio reception:
• Distance/strength: The further you travel from an FM station, the
  weaker the signal and the weaker the reception.
• Terrain: Hills, mountains, tall buildings, power lines, electric fences,
  traffic lights and thunderstorms can interfere with your reception.
• Station overload: When you pass a broadcast tower, a stronger signal
  may overtake a weaker one and play while the weak station frequency
  is displayed.
CASSETTE/PLAYER CARE
Do:
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
  and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Allow tapes which have been subjected to extreme heat, humidity or
  cold to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Clean the cassette player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after
  10–12 hours of play to maintain good sound/operation.
Don’t:
• Expose tapes to direct sunlight, extreme humidity, heat or cold.
• Leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not being
  played.
CD/CD PLAYER CARE
Do:
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Inspect discs before playing. Clean only with an approved CD cleaner
  and wipe from the center out.
Don’t:
• Expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended periods
  of time.
• Insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer magazine.
• Clean using a circular motion.

                                                                        31
  Entertainment Systems
CD units are designed to play commercially pressed 12 cm (4.75
in) audio compact discs only. Due to technical incompatibility,
certain recordable and re-recordable compact discs may not
function correctly when used in Ford CD players. Irregular
shaped CDs, CDs with a scratch protection film attached, and CDs
with homemade paper (adhesive) labels should not be inserted
into the CD player. The label may peel and cause the CD to
become jammed. It is recommended that homemade CDs be
identified with permanent felt tip marker rather than adhesive
labels. Ball point pens may damage CDs. Please contact your
dealer for further information.
AUDIO SYSTEM WARRANTY AND SERVICE
Refer to the Warranty Guide for audio system warranty information. If
service is necessary, see your dealer or qualified technician.




32
                                                Climate Controls
HEATER ONLY SYSTEM
(IF EQUIPPED)
1. Fan speed adjustment: Controls
the volume of air circulated in the
vehicle.
2. Temperature selection:
Controls the temperature of the
airflow in the vehicle.
3. Air flow selections: Controls the direction of the airflow in the
vehicle. See the following for a brief description on each control.
    : Distributes outside air through the instrument panel vents.
OFF: Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
      : Distributes outside air through the instrument panel vents and the
floor vents.
     : Distributes outside air through the floor vents.
     : Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster vents and
floor vents.
      : Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster vents.

Operating tips
• To reduce fog build up on the windshield during humid weather, place
  the air flow selector in the    position.
• To reduce humidity build up inside the vehicle, do not drive with the
  air flow selector in the OFF position.
• Under normal weather conditions, do not leave the air flow selector in
  OFF when the vehicle is parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe”
  using the outside air inlet vents.
• Do not put objects under the front seats that will interfere with the air
  flow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area at the base of
  the windshield.
To aid in side window defogging/demisting in cold weather:
1. Select
2. Set the temperature control to full heat
3. Set the fan speed to HI

                                                                        33
  Climate Controls
4. Direct the outer instrument panel vents towards the side windows
To increase airflow to the outer instrument panel vents, close the vents
located in the middle of the instrument panel.
       Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel as these
       objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.

MANUAL HEATING AND AIR
CONDITIONING SYSTEM
1. Fan speed adjustment: Controls
the volume of air circulated in the
vehicle.
2. Temperature selection:
Controls the temperature of the airflow in the vehicle.
3. Air flow selections: Controls the direction of the airflow in the
vehicle. See the following for a brief description on each control.
MAX A/C: Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. Air flows from the
instrument panel vents only.
A/C: Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. Air flows from the instrument
panel vents only.
    : Distributes outside air through the instrument panel vents.
OFF: Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
     : Distributes outside air through the instrument panel vents and the
floor vents.
     : Distributes outside air through the floor vents.
      : Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster vents and
floor vents.
       : Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster vents.
Operating tips
• To reduce fog build up on the windshield during humid weather, place
  the air flow selector in the      position.
• To reduce humidity build up inside the vehicle: do not drive with the
  air flow selector in the OFF or MAX A/C position.
• Under normal weather conditions, do not leave the air flow selector in
  MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is parked. This allows the vehicle
  to “breathe” using the outside air inlet vents.

34
                                               Climate Controls
• Do not put objects under the front seats that will interfere with the
  airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves from the air intake area at the base of
  the windshield.
To aid in side window defogging/demisting in cold weather:
1. Select
2. Select A/C
3. Modulate the temperature control to maintain comfort.
4. Set the fan speed to HI
5. Direct the outer instrument panel vents towards the side windows
To increase airflow to the outer instrument panel vents, close the vents
located in the middle of the instrument panel.
       Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel as these
       objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.




                                                                       35
  Lights
HEADLAMP CONTROL
     Turns the lamps off.
     Turns on the parking lamps,
instrument panel lamps, license
plate lamps and tail lamps.
     Turns the headlamps on.




Autolamp control (if equipped)
The autolamp system provides light
sensitive automatic on-off control of
the exterior lights normally
controlled by the headlamp control.
The autolamp system also keeps the
lights on for approximately 20
seconds after the ignition switch is
turned to OFF.
To change the delay time of the
autolamp feature, do the following:
1. Start with the ignition in OFF and the autolamps selected.
2. Deselect the autolamps.
3. Put the ignition in RUN.
4. Put the ignition in OFF.
5. Select the autolamps. Steps 2 through 5 must be performed within a
10 second period. At this point, the headlamps and parking lamps will
turn on.
6. Deselect the autolamps after the desired autolamp delay time
(maximum of 3 minutes). At this point, the headlamps and parking
lamps will turn off.




36
                                                                 Lights
Foglamp control (if equipped)
The headlamp control also operates
the foglamps. The foglamps can be
turned on only when the headlamp
control is in the     or
position and the high beams are not
turned on.
Pull headlamp control towards you
to turn foglamps on. The foglamp
indicator light    will illuminate if the ignition is in the RUN position.

Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output.
To activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF, parking lamp or autolamp
  position.
       Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
       inclement weather. The Daytime Running Lamp (DRL) system
 does not activate with your tail lamps and generally may not provide
 adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
 headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.


High beams
Push the lever toward the
instrument panel to activate. Pull
the lever towards you to deactivate.




                                                                             37
  Lights
Flash to pass
Pull toward you slightly to activate
and release to deactivate.




PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel and all applicable
switches in the vehicle during
headlamp and parklamp operation.
Move the control to the full upright
position, past detent, to turn on the
interior lamps.
Move the control to the full down
position, past detent, to prevent the interior lights from illuminating
when the doors are opened.

AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly plant.
If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment of your headlamps
should be checked by a qualified service technician.

TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
  turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
  signal.




38
                                                              Lights
COURTESY/READING LAMPS (IF EQUIPPED)
The dome lamp lights when the
control is in the DOOR (left)
position, any door is open, the
instrument panel switch is pushed
past the detent and when any of the
remote entry controls are pressed
while the ignition is off.
The reading lamps can be turned on
by pressing the rocker controls next
to each lamp.

BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of all the bulbs frequently.
Using the right bulbs
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs
must be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America and an
“E” for Europe to assure lamp performance, light brightness and pattern
and safe visibility. The correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly
or void the lamp assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn
time.
             Function                   Number of      Trade number
                                          bulbs
Headlamps (aerodynamic)                     2                9007
Headlamps (sealed beam)                     2               H6054
Park/turn                                   2                3157
Sidemarker                                  2                194
Tail/stop/turn/sidemarker                   2               3157 K
Backup                                      2               3156K
High-mount stoplamp                         1                 921
Foglamp                                     2                899
License plate lamp                          2                168
Cargo lamp                                  2                906
Roofmarker                                  5                194

                                                                      39
  Lights

             Function                   Number of        Trade number
                                           bulbs
                                                               (a)
Rear fender clearance                        4
Interior visor lamp (if equipped)            4                194
Rear identification                          3                194
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer
(a)
    Replace entire lamp assembly; bulb is not serviceable.

Replacing headlamp bulbs (aerodynamic)
1. Make sure that the headlamp control is in the OFF position open the
hood.
2. Disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb by pulling rearward.
3. Remove bulb retainer ring by
turning it counterclockwise, then
slide the ring off the plastic base
4. Pull bulb out of headlamp
assembly.




      Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
      children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.

Install the new bulb(s) in reverse order.
Replacing headlamp bulbs (sealed beam)
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position and open the hood.




40
                                                           Lights
2. Remove the two screws and
parking lamp/side marker assembly
by pulling gently
3. Disconnect the electrical
connectors from the parking
lamp/side marker assembly and
remove.



4. Remove the four bolts and
headlamp bezel.




5. Remove the four screws and the
headlamp retaining ring from
headlamp.
6. Disconnect the electrical
connector and remove headlamp.


Install the new bulb(s) in reverse order.
Replacing front parking/turn signal bulbs
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position and open the hood.
2. Remove the two screws and
carefully disengage parking
lamp/turn signal assembly from the
vehicle.




                                                                     41
  Lights
3. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.




4. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
the socket and push in the new
bulb.




Install the new bulb(s) in reverse order.
Replacing tail lamp/turn/backup lamp bulbs — F250/F350 only
1. Make sure the headlamp switch is
in the OFF position and then open
the tailgate to expose the lamp
assemblies.
2. Remove the two bolts from the
tail lamp assembly and carefully pull
the lamp assembly from the tailgate
pillar by releasing the two retaining
tabs.
3. Rotate the bulb socket counterclockwise and remove from lamp
assembly.
4. Pull the bulb straight out of the socket.
Install the new bulb(s) in reverse order.




42
                                                      Lights
Replacing brake/tail/backup lamp bulbs — F450/F550 only
1. Make sure the headlamp switch is
in the OFF position.
2. Remove the four screws and the
lamp lens from lamp assembly.
3. Carefully pull the bulb straight
out of the socket and push in the
new bulb.



Replacing cargo lamp and high-mount brakelamp bulbs
1. Make sure the headlamp switch is
in the OFF position.
2. Remove the two screws and lamp
assembly from vehicle as wiring
permits.
3. Remove the bulb socket by
rotating counterclockwise.
4. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket.




Replacing roof marker bulbs
1. Make sure the headlamp switch is
in the OFF position.
2. Remove the screw and lens from
the lamp assembly.
3. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket.




                                                           43
  Lights
Replacing foglamp bulbs (if equipped)
1. Make sure the headlamp switch is
in the OFF position.
2. Remove the bulb socket from the
foglamp by turning
counterclockwise.
3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the foglamp bulb.
Install the new bulb(s) in reverse order.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
The license plate bulbs are located
behind the rear bumper. To change
the license plate lamp bulbs:
1. Reach behind the rear bumper to
locate the bulb.
2. Twist the bulb socket
counterclockwise and carefully pull
to remove it from the lamp
assembly.
3. Pull out the old bulb from the
socket and push in the new bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp assembly by turning it clockwise.




44
                                                 Driver Controls
MULTI-FUNCTION LEVER
Windshield wiper: Rotate the end
of the control away from you to
increase the speed of the wipers;
rotate towards you to decrease the
speed of the wipers.



Windshield washer: Push the end
of the stalk:
• briefly: causes a single swipe of
   the wipers without washer fluid.
• a quick push and hold: the wipers
   will swipe three times with
   washer fluid.
• a long push and hold: the wipers and washer fluid will be activated for
  up to ten seconds.

Changing the wiper blades
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
vehicle. Turn the blade at an angle
from the wiper arm. Push the lock
pin manually to release the blade
and pull the wiper blade down
toward the windshield to remove it
from the arm.
2. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
3. Replace wiper blades every 6 months for optimum performance.




                                                                       45
  Driver Controls
TILT STEERING WHEEL (IF EQUIPPED)
To adjust the steering wheel:
1. Pull and hold the steering wheel
release control toward you.
2. Move the steering wheel up or
down until you find the desired
location.
3. Release the steering wheel
release control. This will lock the
steering wheel in position.
       Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.



ILLUMINATED VISOR MIRROR (IF EQUIPPED)
Lift the mirror cover to turn on the
visor mirror lamps.




OVERHEAD CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
The appearance of your vehicle’s overhead console will vary according to
your option package.

Storage compartment (if equipped)
Press the OPEN control to open the
storage compartment. The door will
open slightly and can be moved to
full open.
The storage compartment may be
used to secure sunglasses or a
similar object.




46
                                               Driver Controls
Install a garage door opener (if equipped)
The storage compartment can be used to hold a variety of aftermarket
garage door openers. To install your garage door opener:
1. Open the storage compartment
door.
2. Remove the storage clip and stow
it away.
3. Place the Velcro strip onto the
back of the garage door opener
control.
4. Adhere the back of garage door
opener control to the Velcro strip
found inside the storage
compartment. Make sure that the controls for the garage door opener
face outward.
5. Place the height adjusters onto
the back of the storage
compartment door. Add as many
adjusters needed to activate the
garage door opener.
6. Close the storage compartment
door and press the garage door
opener control to verify that it
works. If not, you may need to add
more adjusters.

AUXILIARY POWER POINT
Power outlets are designed for
accessory plugs only. Do not                         POWER POINT

hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug.
Improper use of the power
outlet can cause damage not
covered by your warranty.
The auxiliary power point is located
on the instrument panel.
Do not plug optional electrical accessories into the cigarette
lighter. Use the power point.

                                                                       47
  Driver Controls
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the bottom part of
the rocker switch to open the
window. Press and hold the top part
of the rocker switch to close the
window.



One touch down
Allows the driver’s window to open
fully without holding the control
down. Press completely down on
AUTO and release quickly. Press
again to stop.



Window lock (if equipped)
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
To lock out all the window controls
except for the driver’s press the left
side of the control. Press the right
side to restore the window controls.

Accessory delay (if equipped)
With accessory delay, the window switches may be used for up to ten
minutes after the ignition switch is turned to the OFF position or until
any door is opened.




48
                                                 Driver Controls
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
To adjust your mirrors
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to
disable the adjust function.

Fold-away mirrors
Fold the side mirrors in carefully when driving through a narrow space,
like an automatic car wash.




The telescoping feature (if equipped) allows the mirror to extend
approximately 76 mm (3 inches).

POWER ADJUSTABLE FOOT PEDALS (IF EQUIPPED)
The accelerator and brake pedal
should only be adjusted when the
vehicle is stopped and the gearshift
lever is in the P(Park) position.
Press and hold the rocker control to
adjust accelerator and brake pedal
toward you or away from you.

The adjustment allows for approximately 76 mm (3 inches) of maximum
travel.

                                                                      49
  Driver Controls

        Never adjust the accelerator and brake pedal with feet on pedals
        or while the vehicle is moving.


SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
With speed control set, you can maintain a speed of 48 km/h (30 mph)
or more without keeping your foot on the pedal. Speed control does not
work at speeds below 48 km/h (30 mph).
        Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
        are winding, slippery or unpaved.


Setting speed control
The controls for using your speed
control are located on the steering
wheel for your convenience.
1. Press the ON control and release
it.
2. Accelerate to the desired speed.

3. Press the SET ACCEL control
and release it.
                                                          RES

4. Take your foot off the accelerator
                                                           SET
pedal.                                                    ACCEL



5. The indicator light on the                             COAST

instrument cluster will turn on.

Note:
• Vehicle speed may vary momentarily when driving up and down a
  steep hill.
• If the vehicle speed increases above the set speed on a downhill, you
  may want to apply the brakes to reduce the speed.
• If the vehicle speed decreases more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below
  your set speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage.



50
                                                 Driver Controls
Resuming a set speed
Press the RES (resume) control and
release it. This will automatically                      RES
return the vehicle to the previously
set speed. The RES control will not                       SET
                                                         ACCEL

work if the vehicle speed is not
faster than 48 km/h (30 mph).                            COAST




Increasing speed while using speed control
There are two ways to set a higher
speed:
                                                          RES

• Press and hold the SET ACCEL
                                                           SET
  control until you get to the                            ACCEL


  desired speed, then release the
                                                          COAST
  control. You can also use the SET
  ACCEL control to operate the
  Tap-Up function. Press and
  release this control to increase the vehicle set speed in small amounts
  by 1.6 km/h (1 mph).
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the desired speed. When the
  vehicle reaches that speed press and release the SET ACCEL control.

Reducing speed while using speed control
There are two ways to reduce a set
speed:                                                 RES

• Press and hold the COAST
                                                         SET
  control until you get to the                          ACCEL


  desired speed, then release the                      COAST
  control. You can also use the
  COAST control to operate the
  Tap-Down function. Press and
  release this control to decrease the vehicle set speed in small amounts
  by 1.6 km/h (1 mph).




                                                                       51
  Driver Controls
• Depress the brake pedal until the
  desired vehicle speed is reached,
                                                           RES
  press the SET ACCEL control.
                                                            SET
                                                           ACCEL



                                                           COAST




Turning off speed control
There are two ways to turn off the speed control:
• Depress the brake pedal or the clutch pedal (if equipped). This will
  not erase your vehicles previously set speed.
• Press the speed control OFF
  control.
Note: When you turn off the speed
control or the ignition, your speed
control set speed memory is erased.



Indicator light (if equipped)
This light comes on when either the
SET ACCEL or RES controls are
pressed. The vehicle speed must be
at or above 48 km/h (30 mph). It
turns off when the speed control
OFF control is pressed, the brake or
clutch is applied, or the ignition is turned to the OFF position.




52
                                                 Driver Controls
CENTER CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a variety of console features. These
include:
• Utility compartment with
   cassette/CD holder
• Coin holder
• Pen holder
• Writing surface
       Use only soft cups in the
       cupholder. Hard objects can
injure you in a collision.


• Utility compartment
• Pen holder
• Space for lap-top computer




TRIP COMPUTER (IF EQUIPPED)
The trip computer tells you about the condition of your vehicle through
a constant monitor of vehicle systems. You may select display features on
the trip computer for a display of status.
The appearance of your vehicle’s trip computer may differ depending on
your vehicle’s option package, but the functions are the same.




                                                                         53
  Driver Controls
The trip computer only operates with the ignition in the ON position.
Trip computer features are as follows:

Selectable features

English/metric display
Press this control to change the trip
computer display between metric
and English units.




Mode control
Each press of the MODE control will
display a different feature as follows:
Average fuel economy. The
display will indicate the vehicle’s
average fuel economy in liters/100
km (or miles/gallon) since the
average fuel economy was last reset.
If you calculate your average fuel
economy by dividing liters of fuel used by 100 kilometers traveled (miles
traveled by gallons used), your figure may be different than displayed for
the following reasons:
• your vehicle was not perfectly level during fill-up
• differences in the automatic shut-off points on the fuel pumps at
  service stations
• variations in top-off procedure from one fill-up to another
• rounding of the displayed values to the nearest liter (gallon)
To reset the average fuel economy:
1. Press the MODE control repeatedly until average fuel economy is
displayed (this is the only resettable display).




54
                                                Driver Controls
2. Press the E/M and MODE
controls simultaneously. The display
will illuminate the “AVG” indicator.
While the indicator is lit, release
both controls to reset the average
fuel economy.


Fuel range. This displays the approximate number of kilometers (miles)
left to drive before the fuel tank is empty. The indicated distance to
empty may be inaccurate:
• with sustained, drastic changes in fuel economy (such as trailer
   towing), but will eventually recover.
• if the vehicle is started while parked on an incline.
• if less than 30 liters (8 gallons) of fuel is added to the fuel tank.
The fuel range function will flash for five seconds at the following
distances based on fuel remaining and fuel economy calculations:
• 80 km (50 miles)
• 40 km (25 miles)
• 16 km (10 miles)
Outside air temperature
The temperature can be displayed in
Centigrade or Fahrenheit by
pressing the E/M control.
If the outside temperature falls
below 3°C (38°F), the display will
alternate from “ICE” to the outside
temperature at a two second rate
for one minute.
Off. In this mode the display is off.
Compass
The compass display is contained in the overhead console. The vehicle
heading is displayed as one of N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W and NW.
The compass heading is displayed in average fuel economy modes, fuel
range modes and temperature modes.
The compass reading may be affected when you drive near large
buildings, bridges, power lines and powerful broadcast antennas.

                                                                        55
  Driver Controls
Magnetic or metallic objects placed in or on the vehicle may also affect
compass accuracy. Adjustments may need to be made to the zone and
calibration of the compass.

Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which magnetic zone
you are in for your geographic
location by referring to the zone          3 2     1                       15
map.
                                           4                               14
2. Locate the trip computer on the
overhead console.                                                          13
                                           5
3. Turn ignition to the ON position.                                       12


                                                        6      7 8 9 1011
4. Press and hold both trip
computer controls. After
approximately four seconds, the trip
computer will enter zone setting
mode. Zone setting mode is
indicated when the display lights the
“ZONE” indicator.
5. Release both controls.
Subsequent pressing of either control will increment the zone. Press the
control repeatedly until the correct zone setting for your geographic
location is displayed on the trip computer.
6. To exit the zone setting mode and save the displayed zone in memory,
release both controls for greater than five seconds.
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an open area free from steel structures and
high voltage lines.
For optimum calibration, turn off all electrical accessories (heater/air
conditioning, wipers, etc.) and make sure all vehicle doors are shut.
1. Locate the trip computer located in the overhead console.
2. Start the vehicle.



56
                                                    Driver Controls
3. Press and hold both trip
computer controls. After
approximately eight seconds, the
trip computer will enter CAL mode.
CAL mode is indicated when the
display lights the “CAL” indicator.
4. Release both controls. The display
will return to normal, except that the
CAL indicator will remain lit until the compass is sucessfully calibrated.
5. Slowly drive the vehicle in a circle (less than 5 km/h [3 mph]) until
the CAL indicator turns off. It may take up to five circles to complete
calibration.
6. The compass is now calibrated.
TAILGATE LOCK (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
tailgate lock designed to prevent
theft of the tailgate.
• Insert ignition key and turn to the
   right to engage lock.
• Turn ignition key to the left to
   unlock.


Tailgate removal
Your tailgate is removable to allow
more room for loading.
1. Lower the tailgate.
2. Use a screwdriver to pry the
spring clip (on each connector) past
the head of the support screw.
Disconnect cable.
3. Disconnect the other cable.
4. Lift tailgate to a 45 degree angle.
5. Lift right side off of its hinge.
6. Lift left side off of its hinge.
To install, follow the removal procedures in reverse order.

                                                                             57
  Locks and Security
KEYS
The key operates all locks on your vehicle. In case of loss, replacement
keys are available from your dealer.
You should always carry a second key with you in a safe place in case
you require it in an emergency.

POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press control to unlock all doors.




Press control to lock all doors.




Smart locks (if equipped)
This feature prevents you from locking yourself out of the vehicle if your
key is still in the ignition.
When you open the driver’s door and you lock the vehicle with the
power door locks, all the doors will lock, then the driver’s door will
automatically unlock reminding you that your key is still in the ignition.
The vehicle can still be locked, with the key in the ignition, using the
manual lock button on the door, locking the driver’s door with a key, or
using the lock button on the remote entry transmitter (if equipped).




58
                                           Locks and Security
Childproof door locks
• When these locks are set, the
   rear doors cannot be opened from
   the inside.
• The rear doors can be opened
   from the outside when the doors
   are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each
door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock
for both doors.
• Move lock control up to engage
   the childproof lock.
• Move control down to disengage
   childproof locks.




REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) This device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.




                                                                     59
  Locks and Security
Your vehicle is equipped with a remote entry system which allows you to:
• unlock the vehicle doors without
  a key.
• lock all the vehicle doors without
  a key.
• activate the personal alarm.




If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL remote entry transmitters are taken to the dealership, to
aid in troubleshooting.

Unlocking the doors
1. Press      and release to unlock the driver’s door. Note: The interior
lamps will illuminate.
2. Press    and release again within three seconds to unlock all the
doors.

Locking the doors
1. Press    and release to lock all the doors. The parking lamps will
flash.
2. Press    and release again within three seconds to confirm that all the
doors are closed and locked. Note: the doors will lock again, the horn
will chirp once, and the parking lamps will flash once more.
If any of the doors are not properly closed the horn will make two quick
chirps.
Power door unlock disable feature (if equipped)
The UNLOCK         feature on your power door locks will not work from
inside the vehicle when:
• the ignition has been turned to the OFF position, and
• 20 seconds elapse after all vehicle doors are closed and locked using
   the remote entry transmitter, or the power door unlock control (while
   the accompanying door is open).

60
                                             Locks and Security
The UNLOCK         feature will work again after:
• a door has become ajar,
• the ignition is turned to the ON position, or
• using the UNLOCK         control on your remote entry transmitter.
Power door unlock disable feature — activation/deactivation
Please see your dealer in order to activate/deactivate this feature.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press      to activate the alarm. Press again or turn the ignition to ACC
or ON to deactivate.
Note: The panic alarm will only operate when the ignition is in the OFF
position.
Replacing the battery
The remote entry transmitter uses one coin type three-volt lithium
battery CR2032 or equivalent. The typical operating range for your
remote entry transmitter is approximately 10 meters (33 feet). A
decrease in the operating range could be caused by:
• weather conditions,
• nearby radio towers,
• structures around the vehicle and
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle.
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the remote entry
transmitter near the key ring. DO
NOT TAKE THE FRONT PART OF
THE REMOTE ENTRY
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Remove the old battery.
3. Insert the new battery. Refer to
the diagram inside the remote entry
transmitter for the correct orientation of the battery.
4. Snap the two halves back together.
Note: Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitter
to become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmitter
should operate normally after battery replacement.

                                                                       61
  Locks and Security
Replacing lost remote entry transmitters
If you would like to have your remote entry transmitter reprogrammed
because you lost one, or would like to buy additional remote entry
transmitters, you can either reprogram them yourself, or take all
remote entry transmitters to your authorized dealer for
reprogramming.
How to reprogram your remote entry transmitters
You must have all remote entry transmitters (maximum of four)
available before beginning this procedure.
To reprogram the remote entry
transmitters:
                                                           4
1. Ensure the vehicle is                          3
electronically unlocked.
                                                                 5
2. Put the key in the ignition.
                                               2
3. Turn the key from the 2 (LOCK)
position to 3 (OFF).
4. Cycle, eight times, rapidly (within            1
10 seconds) between the 3 (OFF)
position and 4 (ON). Note: The
eighth turn must end in the 4 (ON) position.
5. The doors will lock, then unlock, to confirm that the programming
mode has been activated.
6. Within 20 seconds press any button on the remote entry transmitter.
Note: If more than 20 seconds have passed you will need to start the
procedure over again.
7. The doors will lock, then unlock, to confirm that this remote entry
transmitter has been programmed.
8. Repeat Step 6 to program each additional remote entry transmitter.
9. Turn the ignition to the 3 (OFF) position after you have finished
programming all of the remote entry transmitters.
10. The doors will lock, then unlock, to confirm that the programming
mode has been exited.




62
                                            Locks and Security
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The illuminated entry system will turn off the interior lights if:
• the ignition switch is turned to the ON position, or
• the remote transmitter lock control is pressed, or
• after 25 seconds of illumination.
The dome lamp control (if equipped) must not be set to the OFF
position for the illuminated entry system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control, or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 30 minutes after the
ignition has been turned to the OFF position, 10 minutes after if the
dome lamp is off, and 30 minutes after if the dome lamp switch is left
on.
Autolock (if equipped)
This feature automatically locks all vehicle doors when the following
conditions are met:
• the ignition is in the RUN position,
• all doors are closed,
• the brake is pressed before reaching 8 km/h (5 mph) and
• the vehicle is traveling more than 8 km/h (5 mph).
Relock
The autolock feature repeats when the following conditions are met:
• the vehicle’s speed is less than 8 km/h (5 mph), and
• any door is opened then closed while the ignition is in the RUN
  position, and
• the brake is pressed before reaching 8 km/h (5 mph), and
• the vehicle is traveling more than 8 km/h (5 mph).




                                                                          63
  Locks and Security
Deactivating/activating the autolock feature
Before following the procedure, make sure that the ignition is OFF and
all vehicle doors are closed.
You must complete steps 1-7 within 30 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you must
wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to ON.
2. Press the power door unlock control three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to ON. The horn will chirp.
6. Press the unlock control, then press the lock control. The horn will
chirp once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short and one long
chirp) if autolock was activated.
7. Turn the ignition to OFF. The horn will chirp once to confirm the
procedure is complete.




64
                               Seating and Safety Restraints
SEATING
Notes:
      Reclining the seatback can cause an occupant to slide under the
      seat’s safety belt, resulting in severe personal injuries in the
event of a collision.


         Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injury in a
         collision or sudden stop.


Full bench seat (if equipped)
• Lift the release bar to move the
  seat forward or backward. Ensure
  that the seat is relatched into
  place.
• Pull up on the lever located at
  the bottom of the seatback to
  quickly fold the seatback forward.




                                                                            65
  Seating and Safety Restraints
40/20/40 split bench seat (if equipped)
• Lift the track release bar to move
  the seat forward or backward.
  Ensure the seat is relatched into
  place.
• Pull the handle on the side of the
  seat up to recline the seat.
• Push down the lever located at
  the bottom of the seatback to
  quickly fold the seatback forward.




40/20/40 front seat armrest and console (if equipped)
To release the armrest, pull forward
on the strap and pull the armrest
down. Lift up armrest to return it to
a center seatback.




66
                             Seating and Safety Restraints
To gain access to the storage
compartment in your armrest, lift
the latch to open the lid. The lid
cannot be opened in the upright
position.




Captain’s chair (if equipped)
• Lift the bar to move the seat
  forward or rearward. Make sure
  that the seat is relatched into
  place.
• To recline the seatback, pull the
  release lever handle located on
  the side of the seat up.
• Push down the lever (if
  equipped) located at the bottom
  of the seatback to quickly fold the
  seatback forward.




                                                         67
  Seating and Safety Restraints
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
The control is located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.
Press to raise or lower the front
portion of the seat cushion.




Press to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.




Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.




68
                             Seating and Safety Restraints
Using the manual lumbar support
For more lumbar support, turn the
lumbar support control toward the
front of vehicle.
For less lumbar support, turn the
lumbar support control toward the
rear of vehicle.



Heated seats (if equipped)
To operate the heated seats:
• Push control to activate.
• Push again to deactivate.
The indicator light on the control
will illuminate when activated.
The system automatically shuts off
after 10 minutes.




FOLDING UP THE REAR SEATS
(IF EQUIPPED — SUPERCAB ONLY)
The rear seatback has a split 60/40 seat. Each seat cushion can be
flipped up into the seatback position.
1. Pull lever to release seat cushion.
2. Rotate seat cushion up until it
locks into vertical storage position.




                                                                     69
  Seating and Safety Restraints
RETURNING THE SEAT TO SEATING POSITION
       Always be sure that the seat is in a latched position, whether the
       seat is occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause
injury during a sudden stop.

1. Pull lever on the side of the seat to release seat cushion from storage
position.
2. Push seat cushion down until it locks into horizontal position.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
       Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
       belt snug and low across the hips.

       To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
       can be properly restrained.

       Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
       vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.

      All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
      properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag (SRS) is
provided.

       It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
       outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.

       In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
       to die than a person wearing a safety belt.


70
                            Seating and Safety Restraints

      Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
      assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.

      Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
      seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.

      Safety belts and seats can become hot in a vehicle that has been
      closed up in sunny weather; they could burn a small child. Check
seat covers and buckles before you place a child anywhere near them.

Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.




2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.




                                                                         71
  Seating and Safety Restraints
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:

Vehicle sensitive mode
This is the normal retractor mode, which allows free shoulder belt length
adjustment to your movements and locking in response to vehicle
movement. For example, if the driver brakes suddenly or turns a corner
sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of approximately 8 km/h
(5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will lock to help reduce
forward movement of the driver and passengers.
On SuperCab and CrewCab models, the front seat belt system can also
be made to lock manually by quickly pulling on the shoulder belt.
Rear seat belts (if equipped) cannot be made to lock up by pulling
quickly on the belt.

Automatic locking mode
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt. The automatic
locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
This mode should be used any time a child safety seat is installed in a
passenger front or outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children
12 years old and under should be properly restrained in the rear seat
whenever possible. Refer to Safety restraints for children or Safety
seats for children later in this chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
  shoulder belt.




72
                              Seating and Safety Restraints
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
  pull downward until the entire
  belt is pulled out.




• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
  sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
  mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
         After any vehicle collision, the front passenger and rear outboard
         seat belt systems must be checked by a qualified technician to
 verify that the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is
 still functioning properly. In addition, all seat belts should be checked
 for proper function.

         BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
         the seat belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
 any other seat belt function is not operating properly when checked
 according to the procedures in Workshop Manual. Failure to replace
 the Belt and Retractor assembly could increase the risk of injury in
 collisions.

Energy Management Feature
• This vehicle has a seat belt system with an energy management
  feature at the front outboard seating positions to help further reduce
  the risk of injury in the event of a head-on collision.
• The front outboard seat belt systems have a retractor assembly that is
  designed to pay out webbing in a controlled manner. This feature is
  designed to help reduce the belt force acting on the occupant’s chest.

                                                                           73
  Seating and Safety Restraints
Safety belt replacement label
The short plastic boot on the front
safety belt at the passenger
outboard anchor location covers a
“Replace Belt” label on the safety
belt.




In the event of a collision, the
colored label (REPLACE BELT)
may become visible. If this occurs,
the safety belt must be replaced.




       Whenever the yellow
       portion of the label is
visible, the safety belt must be
replaced.

        Failure to follow these
        instructions will affect the
performance of the safety belts
and increase the risk of personal
injury.


Safety belt pretensioner (if equipped)
Your vehicle is equipped with safety belt pretensioners at the driver and
front outboard passenger seating positions.



74
                              Seating and Safety Restraints
The Seat Integrated Restraints (SIR) seat (which has shoulder belts
attached to the corners of the front seat back) is equipped with a buckle
pretensioner. Do NOT place objects between the seats, this could
interfere with the functioning of the pretensioner. For the SuperCab and
CrewCab base bench seats and all Regular Cab seating positions, the
safety belts are equipped with a retractor pretensioner.
The safety belt pretensioners are designed to activate only during certain
frontal or near-frontal collisions with sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
A safety belt pretensioner is a device which tightens the webbing of the
lap and shoulder belts during some collisions in such a way that they fit
more snugly against the body.
The driver and front outboard passenger safety belt system (including
retractors, buckles and height adjusters) must be replaced if the vehicle
is involved in a collision that results in the activation of the safety belt
pretensioners. Refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in this
chapter.
        Failure to replace the safety belt assembly under the above
        conditions could result in severe personal injuries in the event of
 a collision.


Front safety belt height adjustment
If your shoulder belts come out of the seatback, you will not have a
safety belt height adjuster.
Adjust the height of the shoulder belt so the belt rests across the middle
of your shoulder.
• Regular Cab and 4–door CrewCab




                                                                          75
  Seating and Safety Restraints
• 4–door Super Cab (if equipped)




To adjust the shoulder belt height, push the button and slide the height
adjuster up or down. Release the button and pull down on the height
adjuster to make sure it is locked in place.
        Position the safety belt height adjusters so that the belt rests
        across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
 belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt and
 increase the risk of injury in a collision.


Lap belts

Adjusting the center lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
       The lap belt should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
       hips, not across the waist.

Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits snugly across the hips.




76
                             Seating and Safety Restraints
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.




Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.

Conditions of operation
If...                                Then...
The driver’s safety belt is not      The safety belt warning light
buckled before the ignition switch   illuminates 1-2 minutes and the
is turned to the ON position...      warning chime sounds 4-8
                                     seconds.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled  The safety belt warning light and
while the indicator light is         warning chime turn off.
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...

BeltMinder
The BeltMinder feature is a supplemental warning to the safety belt
warning function. This feature provides additional reminders to the
driver that the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled by intermittently
sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warning lamp in the
instrument cluster.




                                                                          77
  Seating and Safety Restraints

If...                                 Then...
The driver’s safety belt is not       The BeltMinder feature is
buckled before the vehicle has        activated - the safety belt warning
reached at least 5 km/h (3 mph)       light illuminates and the warning
and 1-2 minutes have elapsed          chime sounds for 6 seconds every
since the ignition switch has been    30 seconds, repeating for
turned to ON...                       approximately 5 minutes or until
                                      safety belt is buckled.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The BeltMinder feature will not
while the safety belt indicator light activate.
is illuminated and the safety belt
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The BeltMinder feature will not
before the ignition switch is turned activate.
to the ON position...
The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts:
(All statistics based on U.S. data)
Reasons given...    Consider...
“Crashes are rare   36700 crashes occur every day. The more we
events”             drive, the more we are exposed to “rare” events,
                    even for good drivers. 1 in 4 of us will be
                    seriously injured in a crash during our
                    lifetime.
“I’m not going far” 3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within 25 miles of home.
“Belts are          We design our safety belts to enhance comfort. If
uncomfortable”      you are uncomfortable - try different positions for
                    the safety belt upper anchorage and seatback
                    which should be as upright as possible; this can
                    improve comfort.
“I was in a hurry” Prime time for an accident. BeltMinder reminds
                    us to take a few seconds to buckle up.
“Seat belts don’t   Safety belts, when used properly, reduce risk of
work”               death to front seat occupants by 45% in cars,
                    and by 60% in light trucks.


78
                              Seating and Safety Restraints

Reasons given...    Consider...
“Traffic is light”  Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in single-vehicle
                    crashes, many when no other vehicles are around.
“Belts wrinkle my Possibly, but a serious crash can do much more
clothes”            than wrinkle your clothes, particularly if you are
                    unbelted.
“The people I’m     Set the example, teen deaths occur 4 times more
with don’t wear     often in vehicles with TWO or MORE people.
belts”              Children and younger brothers/sisters imitate
                    behavior they see.
“I have an air bag” Air bags offer greater protection when used with
                    safety belts. Frontal airbags are not designed to
                    inflate in rear and side crashes or rollovers.
“I’d rather be      Not a good idea. People who are ejected are 40
thrown clear”       times more likely to DIE. Safety belts help
                    prevent ejection, WE CAN’T “PICK OUR CRASH”.
        Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to avoid the Belt
        Minder chime. Sitting on the safety belt will increase the risk of
 injury in an accident. To disable (one-time) or deactivate the Belt
 Minder feature please follow the directions stated below.

One time disable
Any time the safety belt is buckled and then unbuckled during an
ignition ON cycle, BeltMinder will be disabled for that ignition cycle only.
Deactivating/activating the BeltMinder feature
Read steps 1 - 9 thoroughly before proceeding with the
deactivation/activation programming procedure.
The BeltMinder feature can be deactivated/activated by performing the
following procedure:
Before following the procedure, make sure that:
• The parking brake is set.
• The gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
   position (manual transmission).
• The ignition switch is in the OFF position.
• All vehicle doors are closed.

                                                                             79
  Seating and Safety Restraints
• The driver’s safety belt is unbuckled.
• The parklamps/headlamps are in OFF position (If vehicle is equipped
  with Autolamps, this will not affect the procedure).
       To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate the Belt
       Minder feature while driving the vehicle.

BeltMinder activation and deactivation procedure
1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOT
START THE ENGINE.)
2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1–2
minutes.)
• Steps 3–5 must be completed within 60 seconds or the procedure will
   have to be repeated.
3. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled. This can be done before or during BeltMinder
warning activation.
4. Turn on the parklamps/headlamps, turn off the parklamps/headlamps.
5. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled.
• After step 5 the safety belt warning light will be turned on for three
   seconds.
6. Within seven seconds of the safety belt warning light turning off,
buckle then unbuckle the safety belt.
• This will disable BeltMinder if it is currently enabled, or enable
   BeltMinder if it is currently disabled.
7. Confirmation of disabling BeltMinder is provided by the safety belt
warning light flashing four times per second for three seconds.
8. Confirmation of enabling BeltMinder is provided by:
• The safety belt warning light flashing four times per second for three
   seconds.
• Followed by three seconds with the safety belt warning light off.
• Once again, the safety belt warning light will flash four times per
   second for three seconds.
9. After receiving confirmation, the deactivation/activation procedure is
complete.

80
                              Seating and Safety Restraints
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt is too short when fully extended, there is a 20 cm
(8 inch) safety belt extension assembly that can be added (part number
611C22). This assembly can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended.
       Do not use extensions to change the fit of the shoulder belt
       across the torso.


Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, tears or cuts. Replace if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if
equipped), child safety seat LATCH and tether anchors, and attaching
hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford Motor Company
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
       Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
       assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
 personal injuries in the event of a collision.

Refer to Interior in the Cleaning chapter.




                                                                           81
  Seating and Safety Restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)

                                                      50   60
                                           40                       70                 2
                                 F    30              80
                                                           100                                            3         VOL - PUSH ON
                                                60
                         H                                        120     80                                                           AM                       FM1                      ST

                                     20    40                                   1                                                      FM BASS TREB                                                 BAL     FADE    AUTO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SET
                                                                    140                DIESEL FUEL ONLY
                                                                          90
                                          20                                                                    4
                             H       10                            160
                    18                          MPH              km/h                                                          SEEK
                                      0                                   100       RPM x 1000
                                                                                                                               TUNE
                                                                                                                                              SCAN       EJ
                                                                                                                                                                      DOLBY B NR

                                                                                                                                                                                                        TAPE CD
                                                                                                                               DISCS



                                                                                                                         REW             FF          SIDE 1-2                            COMP             SHUFFLE
                                                                                                                           1              2             3                   4                 5              6

     P
                                                                                                                                                                                                  OFF
          O
                                                                                                                                                                                   A/C
                                                                                                                                                                                   MAX
                                                                                                                                                                                   A/C
                                                                                                          RES
              ON
                                                                                                           SET
                                                                                                          ACCEL

              OFF
                                                                                                          COAST




Important SRS precautions
The SRS is designed to work with
the safety belt to help protect the
driver and right front passenger
from certain upper body injuries. Air
bags DO NOT inflate slowly; there is
a risk of injury from a deploying air
bag.




      All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
      properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag (SRS) is
provided.


         Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
         seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.


     The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
     recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.


82
                             Seating and Safety Restraints

       Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
       bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.

To properly position yourself away from the air bag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
  pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly one or two degrees from the upright position.
      Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
      objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.

      Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the air bag
      supplemental restraint systems or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln Mercury dealer.

       The front passenger air bag is not designed to offer protection to
       an occupant in the center front seating position.

       Modifying or adding equipment to the front end of the vehicle
       (including frame, bumper, front end body structure and tow
hooks) may affect the performance of the air bag system, increasing
the risk of injury. Do not modify the front end of the vehicle.

       Additional equipment such as snowplow equipment may effect
       the performance of the air bag sensors increasing the risk of
injury. Please refer to the Body Builders Layout Book for instructions
about the appropriate installation of additional equipment.

      Removing the blocker beam without installing snow plow
      attachment hardware may effect air bag deployment in a crash.
Do not operate the truck unless either the blocker beam or snow plow
attachment hardware is installed on the vehicle.

Children and air bags
For additional important safety information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.

                                                                         83
  Seating and Safety Restraints
Children must always be properly restrained. Failure to follow these
instructions may increase the risk of injury in a collision.
       An infant in a rear-facing seat faces a high risk of serious or fatal
       injuries from a deploying passenger air bag. Rear facing infant
seats should NEVER be placed in the front seats, unless the passenger
air bag is turned off. See Passenger air bag ON/OFF switch.

How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are
designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover,
side-impact, or rear-impacts.
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, it may also
cause minor abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss. Because air
bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable force, there is the risk of
death or serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye injuries or
internal injuries, particularly to occupants who are not properly

84
                             Seating and Safety Restraints
restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time of air bag
deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
       Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
       touch them after inflation.

        If the air bag has deployed, the air bag will not function
        again and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.

The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger (if equipped) air bag modules (which include the
  inflators and air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.

Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to Air bag readiness section
in the Instrument cluster chapter. Routine maintenance of the air bag is
not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
   flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
   illuminate immediately after
   ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
   periodically until the problem and/or light are repaired.

                                                                        85
  Seating and Safety Restraints
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
(including pretensioners)
See your local dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE
disposed of by qualified personnel.
Passenger air bag ON/OFF switch

        An air bag ON/OFF switch
        has been installed in this            PASSENGER AIR BAG
vehicle. Before driving, always                           OFF
look at the face of the switch to                   ON
be sure the switch is in the proper                       OFF
position in accordance with these
instructions and warnings. Failure
to put the switch in a proper
position can increase the risk of
serious injury or death in a
collision.



Turning the passenger air bag off
1. Insert the ignition key, turn the
switch to OFF position and hold in            PASSENGER AIR BAG
OFF position while removing the
key.                                                ON
                                                          OFF

2. When the ignition is turned to the                     OFF
ON position the OFF light
illuminates briefly, momentarily
shuts off and then turns back on.
This indicates that the passenger air
bag is deactivated.
      If the light fails to illuminate when the passenger air bag switch
      is in the OFF position and the ignition switch is in ON, have the
passenger air bag switch serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer immediately.


86
                            Seating and Safety Restraints

      In order to avoid inadvertent activation of the switch, always
      remove the ignition key from the passenger air bag ON/OFF
switch.


Turning the passenger air bag back on
The passenger air bag remains OFF until you turn it back ON.
1. Insert the ignition key and turn
the switch to ON.                            PASSENGER AIR BAG
2. The OFF light will briefly
                                                         OFF
illuminate when the ignition is                    ON
turned to On. This indicates that the                    OFF
passenger air bag is operational.



      If the OFF light is illuminated when the passenger air bag switch
      is in the ON position and the ignition switch is in ON, have the
passenger air bag switch serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer immediately.

The passenger side air bag should always be ON (the air bag OFF light
should not be illuminated) unless the passenger is a person who meets
the requirements stated either in Category 1, 2 or 3 of the
NHTSA/Transport Canada deactivation criteria which follows.
       The safety belts for the driver and right front passenger seating
       positions have been specifically designed to function together
with the air bags in certain types of crashes. When you turn OFF your
air bag, you not only lose the protection of the air bag, you also may
reduce the effectiveness of your safety belt system, which was
designed to work with the air bag. If you are not a person who meets
the requirements stated in the NHTSA/Transport Canada deactivation
criteria turning OFF the air bag can increase the risk of serious injury
or death in a collision.




                                                                        87
  Seating and Safety Restraints

        If your vehicle has rear seats, always transport children who are
        12 and younger in the rear seat. Always use safety belts and
 child restraints properly. If a child in a rear facing infant seat must be
 transported in front, the passenger air bag must be turned OFF. This is
 because the back of the infant seat is too close to the inflating air bag
 and the risk of a fatal injury to the infant when the air bag inflates is
 substantial.

The vast majority of drivers and passengers are much safer with an air
bag than without. To do their job and reduce the risk of life threatening
injuries, air bags must open with great force, and this force can pose a
potentially deadly risk in some situations, particularly when a front seat
occupant is not properly buckled up. The most effective way to reduce
the risk of unnecessary air bag injuries without reducing the overall
safety of the vehicle is to make sure all occupants are properly
restrained in the vehicle, especially in the front seat. This provides the
protection of safety belts and permits the air bags to provide the
additional protection they were designed to provide. If you choose to
deactivate your air bag, you are losing the very significant risk reducing
benefits of the air bag and you are also reducing the effectiveness of the
safety belts, because safety belts in modern vehicles are designed to
work as a safety system with the air bags.
Read all air bag Warning labels in the vehicle as well as the other
important air bag instructions and Warnings in this Owner’s Guide.
NHTSA deactivation criteria (excluding Canada)
1. Infant. An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat
because:
• the vehicle has no rear seat;
• the vehicle has a rear seat too small to accommodate a rear-facing
   infant seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s
   physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front so that
   the driver can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
2. Child age 1 to 12. A child age 1 to 12 must ride in the front seat
because:
• the vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear seat(s) whenever
   possible, children ages 1 to 12 sometimes must ride in the front
   because no space is available in the rear seat(s) of the vehicle; or

88
                              Seating and Safety Restraints
• the child has a medical condition which, according to the child’s
   physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so
   that the driver can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
3. Medical condition. A passenger has a medical condition which,
according to his or her physician:
• causes the passenger air bag to pose a special risk for the passenger;
   and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag in a crash
   greater than the potential harm from turning OFF the air bag and
   allowing the passenger, even if belted, to hit the dashboard or
   windshield in a crash.
        This vehicle has special energy management safety belts for the
        driver and right front passenger. These particular belts are
 specifically designed to work with air bags to help reduce the risk of
 injury in a collision. The energy management safety belt is designed to
 give or release additional belt webbing in some accidents to reduce
 concentration of force on an occupant’s chest and reduce the risk of
 certain bone fractures and injuries to underlying organs. In a crash, if
 the air bag is turned OFF, this energy management safety belt might
 permit the person wearing the belt to move forward enough to incur a
 serious or fatal injury. The more severe the crash, and the heavier the
 occupant, the greater the risk is. Be sure the air bag is turned ON for
 any person who does not qualify under the NHTSA deactivation
 criteria.

Transport Canada deactivation criteria (Canada Only)
1. Infant: An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat
because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• the rear seat in my vehicle cannot accommodate a rear-facing infant
   seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s
   physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front seat so
   that the driver can monitor the infant’s condition.
2. Child age 12 or under: A child age 12 or under must ride in the
front seat because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children age 12 and under ride in the rear seat whenever
   possible, children age 12 and under have no option but to sometimes
   ride in the front seat because rear seat space is insufficient; or

                                                                          89
  Seating and Safety Restraints
• the child has a medical condition that, according to the child’s
  physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so
  that the driver can monitor the child’s condition.
3. Medical condition: A passenger has a medical condition that,
according to his or her physician:
• poses a special risk for the passenger if the air bag deploys; and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag deployment
  greater than the potential harm from turning OFF the air bag and
  experiencing a crash without the protection offered by the air bag
       This vehicle has special energy management safety belts for the
       driver and right front passenger. These particular belts are
specifically designed to work with air bags to help reduce the risk of
injury in a collision. The energy management safety belt is designed to
give or release additional belt webbing in some accidents to reduce
concentration of force on an occupant’s chest and reduce the risk of
certain bone fractures and injuries to underlying organs. In a crash, if
the air bag is turned OFF, this energy management safety belt might
permit the person wearing the belt to move forward enough to incur a
serious or fatal injury. The more severe the crash, and the heavier the
occupant, the greater the risk is. Be sure the air bag is turned ON for
any person who does not qualify under the NHTSA deactivation
criteria.


SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air bag supplemental restraint system
(SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children (generally children who are four years old
or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less) ride in your vehicle,
you must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check
your local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements
regarding the safety of children in your vehicle. When possible, always
place children under age 12 in the rear seat of your vehicle. Accident
statistics suggest that children are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front seating position.

90
                               Seating and Safety Restraints

        Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
        vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
 injury in a collision.

Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat. Children
who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your child safety
seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
       Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
       your vehicle.

Child booster seats
Children outgrow a typical convertible or toddler seat when they weigh
40 pounds and are around 4 years of age. Although the lap/shoulder belt
will provide some protection, these children are still too small for
lap/shoulder belts to fit properly, which could increase the risk of serious
injury.
To improve the fit of both the lap and shoulder belt on children who
have outgrown child safety seats, Ford Motor Company recommends use
of a belt-positioning booster.
Booster seats position a child so that safety belts fit better. They lift the
child up so that the lap belt rests low across the hips and the knees
bend comfortably. Booster seats also make the shoulder belt fit better
and more comfortably for growing children.
When children should use booster seats
Children need to use booster seats from the time they outgrow the
toddler seat until they are big enough for the vehicle seat and
lap/shoulder belt to fit properly. Generally this is when they weigh about
80 lbs (about 8 to 12 years old).

                                                                           91
  Seating and Safety Restraints
Booster seats should be used until you can answer YES to ALL of these
questions:
• Can the child sit all the way back
  against the vehicle seat back with
  knees bent comfortably at the
  edge of the seat without
  slouching?



• Does the lap belt rest low across the hips?
• Is the shoulder belt centered on the shoulder and chest?
• Can the child stay seated like this for the whole trip?
Types of booster seats
There are two types of belt-positioning booster seats:
• Those that are backless.
  If your backless booster seat has a
  removable shield, remove the
  shield and use the lap/shoulder
  belt. If a seating position has a
  low seat back and no head
  restraint, a backless booster seat
  may place your child’s head (top
  of ear level) above the top of the
  seat. In this case, move the
  backless booster to another
  seating position with a higher seat back and lap/shoulder belts.
• Those with a high back.
  If, with a backless booster seat,
  you cannot find a seating position
  that adequately supports your
  child’s head, a high back booster
  seat would be a better choice.




Both can be used in any vehicle in a seating position equipped with
lap/shoulder belts if your child is over 40 lbs.

92
                              Seating and Safety Restraints
The shoulder belt should cross the chest, resting snugly on the center of
the shoulder. The lap belt should rest low and snug across the hips,
never up high across the stomach.
If the booster seat slides on the vehicle seat, placing a rubberized mesh
sold as shelf or carpet liner under the booster seat may improve this
condition.
The importance of shoulder belts
Using a booster without a shoulder belt increases the risk of a child’s
head hitting a hard surface in a collision. For this reason, you should
never use a booster seat with a lap belt only. It is best to use a booster
seat with lap/shoulder belts in the back seat- the safest place for children
to ride.
       Follow all instructions provided by the manufacturer of the
       booster seat.

      Never put the shoulder belt under a child’s arm or behind the
      back because it eliminates the protection for the upper part of
the body and may increase the risk of injury or death in a collision.

        Never use pillows, books, or towels to boost a child. They can
        slide around and increase the likelihood of injury or death in a
collision.


SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN




Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the

                                                                           93
  Seating and Safety Restraints
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
  presented in the Air bag
  supplemental restraint system
  (SRS) section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
  for that seating position (the
  buckle closest to the direction the
  tongue is coming from).
• Insert the belt tongue into the
  proper buckle until you hear a
  snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely fastened in the
  buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety
  seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,
  to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
  locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
  positions) (if equipped) section in this chapter.
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position with a tether
anchor. For more information on top tether straps, refer to Attaching
child safety seats with tether straps. in this chapter.
      Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
      with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.


       Rear-facing child seats or infant carriers should never be placed
       in the front seats.




94
                             Seating and Safety Restraints
Installing child safety seats with combination lap and shoulder
belts
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.




       Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. Never place a
       rear facing child seat in front of an active bag. If you must use a
forward facing child seat in the front seat, position the vehicle seat
fully rearward and turn the passenger air bag off.


      An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. Child seats
      should never be placed in the front seats, unless passenger air
bag switch is turned off, See Passenger air bag on/off switch.


       Rear facing child seats should NEVER be placed in the front
       seats unless the passenger airbag switch is turned off.

2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.




                                                                           95
  Seating and Safety Restraints
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.




4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear and feel the latch engage.
Make sure the tongue is latched
securely by pulling on it.




5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.




6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.




96
                              Seating and Safety Restraints
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with knee on the
child seat.




8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place. To check
this, grab the seat at the belt path
and attempt to move it side to side
and forward. There should be no
more than one inch of movement for
proper installation.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.

Attaching child safety seats with tether straps
Most new forward-facing child safety seats include a tether strap which
goes over the back of the seat and hooks to an anchoring point. Tether
straps are available as an accessory for many older safety seats. Contact
the manufacturer of your child seat for information about ordering a
tether strap.
The passenger seats of your vehicle may be equipped with built-in tether
strap anchors located behind the seats as described below.
The tether anchors in your vehicle may be straps on the seatback or an
anchor bracket on the rear edge of the seat cushion or an anchor bracket
mounted to the body shell on the back panel.

                                                                         97
  Seating and Safety Restraints
The SuperCab rear seat has three straps behind the top of the seat back
that function as both routing loops for the tether straps and anchor
loops.
The tether strap anchors in your vehicle are in the following positions
(shown from top view):
     Attach the tether strap only to the appropriate tether anchor as
     shown. The tether strap may not work properly if attached
somewhere other than the correct tether anchor.

• F—Series Regular Cab




• F—Series SuperCab




• F—Series Crew Cab




Tether strap attachment
1. Position the child safety seat on the seat cushion.
2. Route the child safety seat tether strap over the back of the seat.
3. Locate the correct anchor for the selected seating position.
4. You may need to pull the seatback forward to access the tether
anchors. Make sure the seat is locked in the upright position before

98
                              Seating and Safety Restraints
installing the child seat. Refer to the Folding down the rear seats
section in this chapter for information on how to operate the rear seats.
5. Clip the tether strap to the anchor as shown.
• Front seat (SuperCab only)




• Front seats (Regular Cab) and
  Rear seats (Crew Cab only)




       If the tether strap is clipped incorrectly, the child safety seat
       may not be retained properly in the event of a collision.

6. Refer to the Installing child safety seats in combination lap and
shoulder belt seating positions section of this chapter for further
instructions to secure the child safety seat.
7. Tighten the child safety seat tether strap according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
       If the safety seat is not anchored properly, the risk of a child
       being injured in a collision greatly increases.

Tether strap attachment rear SuperCab only
There are three loops of webbing just above the back of the rear seat
(along the bottom edge of the rear window) in the SuperCab. These
loops are to be used as both routing loops and anchor loops for child
safety seat tether straps.

                                                                           99
  Seating and Safety Restraints
Many tether straps cannot be tightened if the tether strap is hooked to
the loop directly behind the child seat. To provide a tight tether strap:
1. Route the tether strap through
the loop directly behind the child
seat.




2. Attach the strap hook onto the
loop behind an adjacent seating
position.




3. Install the child safety seat tightly
using the vehicle belts. Follow the
instructions in this chapter.
4. Tighten the tether strap
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions.




A single loop can be used to route and anchor more than one child seat.
For example, the center loop can be used as a routing loop for a child
safety seat in the center rear seat and as an anchoring loop for child
seats installed in the outboard rear seats.




100
                                                                 Driving
STARTING

Positions of the ignition
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
accessories such as the radio to                             4
                                                    3
operate while the engine is not
running.                                                           5
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,              2
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal. For
vehicle equipped with a manual                      1
transmission, you must depress the
ignition release lever to release the
key.
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all accessories without locking the
steering wheel. This position also allows the automatic transmission shift
lever to be moved from the P (Park) position without the brake pedal
being depressed.
       In the ignition OFF position, the automatic transmission shift
       lever can be moved from the P (Park) position without the brake
 pedal depressed. To avoid unwanted vehicle movement, always set the
 parking brake.


4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
Preparing to start your vehicle
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This
system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard
requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio
noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, don’t press the accelerator before
or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have difficulty
starting the engine. For more information on starting the vehicle, refer to
Starting the engine in this chapter.

                                                                         101
  Driving

       Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
       temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.

     Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
     ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.

       Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
       areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.

     If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
     inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.

Important safety precautions
When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the engine. If
the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have the vehicle
checked.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all occupants buckle their safety belts. For more
information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and electrical accessories are off.




102
                                                        Driving
If starting a vehicle with an automatic transmission:
• Make sure the parking brake is
   set.




• Make sure the gearshift is in P
  (Park).


If starting a vehicle with a manual
transmission:
1. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
2. Push the clutch pedal to the floor.




                                                              103
  Driving
• Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
  turning the key to 5 (START).
                                                              4
                                                     3
                                                                     5
                                                 2


                                                     1




Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate or illuminate briefly. If a
light fails to illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the       light may not illuminate.

Starting the engine
1. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
                                                              4
2. Turn the key to 5 (START), then                    3
release the key as soon as the
                                                                      5
engine starts. Excessive cranking
could damage the starter.                        2

                                                      1

Note: If the engine does not start within five seconds on the first try,
turn the key to 3 (OFF), wait 10 seconds and try again.


104
                                                              Driving
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
Use of an engine block heater is
strongly recommended if you live in
a region where temperatures reach
-23° C (-10° F) or below. For best
results, plug the heater in at least
three hours before starting the
vehicle. The heater can be plugged
in the night before starting the
vehicle.


      To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
      ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.

Guarding against exhaust fumes
Carbon monoxide is present in exhaust fumes. Take precautions to avoid
its dangerous effects.
     If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
     inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.


Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped for a long period of
time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch) or adjust the heating
or air conditioning to bring in fresh air.
BRAKES
Occasional brake noise is normal. If a metal-to-metal, continuous grinding
or continuous squeal sound is present, the brake linings may be worn-out
and should be inspected by a qualified service technician. If the vehicle
has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel while braking,
the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service technician.
Rear Anti-lock Brake System (RABS) (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a Rear Anti-lock Braking System
(RABS). This system helps you maintain steering control during

                                                                      105
  Driving
emergency stops by keeping the rear brakes from locking. The front
wheels, however, may still lock since they are not controlled by the
RABS. Noise from the ABS pump motor and brake pedal pulsation may
be observed during ABS braking; this is normal.
RABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
braking is still effective unless the
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake released. (If your brake warning lamp
illuminates, have your vehicle serviced immediately.)
Using RABS
In an emergency, applying full pressure may cause the front wheels to
lock. If the front brakes lock, the vehicle cannot be steered. You
should apply the brakes with steadily increasing force, as if “squeezing”
the brakes. If you feel the front wheels begin to lock, momentarily
release the pedal and repeat the “squeeze” technique.
Four-wheel anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Your vehicle is equipped with an Anti-lock Braking System (ABS). This
system helps you maintain steering control during emergency stops by
keeping the brakes from locking. Noise from the ABS pump motor and
brake pedal pulsation may be observed during ABS braking; any
pulsations or mechanical noise you may feel or hear is normal.
ABS warning lamp       ABS


The ABS lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates when
the ignition is turned to ON. If the light does not illuminate during start
up, remains on or flashes, the ABS may be disabled and the ABS may
need to be serviced
Even when the ABS is disabled,
normal braking is still effective. (If
your BRAKE warning lamp
illuminates with the parking brake
released, have your brake system serviced immediately.)

106
                                                              Driving
Using ABS
When hard braking is required, apply continuous force on the brake
pedal; do not pump the brake pedal since this will reduce the
effectiveness of the ABS and will increase your vehicle’s stopping
distance. The ABS will be activated immediately, allowing you to retain
full steering control during hard braking and on slippery surfaces.
However, the ABS does not decrease stopping distance.
Parking brake
To set the parking brake, press the
parking brake pedal down until the
pedal stops. The BRAKE warning
lamp in the instrument cluster
illuminates and remains illuminated
until the parking brake is released.
To release the brake, pull the
release lever. to prevent the pedal
from releasing too quickly, place
your left foot on the parking brake
pedal, then pull the release lever,
making sure the pedal fully releases.
You may want to pull the release
lever again to make sure the parking
brake is full released.
       Always set the parking
       brake fully and make sure
that the gearshift is securely
latched in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or in 1 (First)
(manual transmission).


Note: If your vehicle is equipped with a manual transmission, the engine
may be required to run while power accessories operate and the parking
brake is set. It is recommended that wheel chocks be used during this
operation.
If you’re parking your vehicle on a grade or with a trailer, press and hold
the brake pedal down, then set the parking brake. There may be a little
vehicle movement as the parking brake sets to hold the vehicle’s weight.
This is normal and should be no reason for concern. If needed, press and

                                                                       107
  Driving
hold the brake pedal down, release the parking brake, then try pushing
the parking brake pedal further down. Chock the wheels if required. If
the parking brake cannot hold the weight of the vehicle, the parking
brake may need to be serviced.
STEERING
To prevent damage to the power steering system:
• Never hold the steering wheel at it’s furthest turning points (until it
   stops) for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level
   (below the MIN mark on the reservoir).
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, check for:
• an underinflated tire
• uneven tire wear
• loose or worn suspension components
• loose or worn steering components
• improper steering alignment
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
       To reduce the risk of injury, never run the engine with one wheel
       off the ground, such as when changing a tire.

PREPARING TO DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE
       Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
       other types of vehicles.

       In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
       to die than a person wearing a safety belt.

Your vehicle has larger tires and increased ground clearance, giving the
vehicle a higher center of gravity than a passenger car.

108
                                                              Driving

       Vehicles with a higher center of gravity such as utility and
       four-wheel drive vehicles handle differently than vehicles with a
lower center of gravity. Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more
than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns, excessive speed and abrupt
maneuvers in these vehicles. Failure to drive cautiously could result in
an increased risk of loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover, personal
injury and death.

      Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
      differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.


AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)

Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is
in the ON position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in
the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift
to N (Neutral).
      In the ignition OFF position, the automatic transmission shift
      lever can be moved from the P (Park) position without the brake
pedal depressed. To avoid unwanted vehicle movement, always set the
parking brake.

3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,
it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.

                                                                       109
  Driving

       Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
       are working.

     Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
     latched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and
remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.

      If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
      remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.

Understanding the gearshift positions of the 4–speed automatic
transmission




P (Park)
This position locks the transmission and prevents the rear wheels from
turning.
To put your vehicle in gear:
• Start the engine
• Depress the brake pedal
• Move the gearshift lever into the desired gear
To put your vehicle in P (Park):
• Come to a complete stop
• Move the gearshift lever and securely latch it in P (Park)
     Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
     latched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and
remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.

R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever in R (Reverse), the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).

110
                                                               Driving
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever in N (Neutral), the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal down while in this position.
   (Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.        (Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control switch on the end of the gearshift
lever. This will illuminate the O/D OFF lamp and activate Drive.
Drive (not shown)
Drive is activated when the transmission control switch is pressed.
• This position allows for all forward gears except overdrive.
• O/D OFF lamp is illuminated.
• Provides engine braking.
• Use when driving conditions cause excessive shifting from O/D to
   other gears. Examples: city traffic, hilly terrain, heavy loads, trailer
   towing and when engine braking is required.
• To return to O/D (overdrive mode), press the transmission control
   switch. The O/D OFF lamp will not be illuminated.
• O/D (Overdrive) is automatically returned each time the key is turned
   off.
2 (Second)
This position allows for second gear only.
• Provides engine braking.
• Use to start-up on slippery roads.
• To return to     (Overdrive), move the gearshift lever into the
  (Overdrive) position.
• Selecting 2 (Second) at higher speeds will cause the transmission to
  downshift to second gear at the appropriate vehicle speed.
1 (First)
• Provides maximum engine braking.
• Allows upshifts by moving gearshift lever.
• Will not downshift into 1 (First) at high speeds; allows for 1 (First)
  when vehicle reaches slower speeds.

                                                                        111
  Driving
Forced downshifts
• Allowed in     (Overdrive) or Drive.
• Depress the accelerator to the floor.
• Allows transmission to select an appropriate gear.
Shift strategy (4R100 automatic transmission)
To account for customer driving habits and conditions, your 4R100
automatic transmission electronically controls the shift quality by using
an adaptive learning strategy. The adaptive learning strategy is
maintained by power from the battery. When the battery is disconnected
or a new battery is installed, the transmission must relearn its adaptive
strategy. Optimal shifting will resume within a few hundred kilometers
(miles) of operation.
If the shift quality does not improve within a few hundred
kilometers (miles) of operation, or if the downshifts and other
throttle conditions do not function normally, see your dealer or a
qualified service technician as soon as possible.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow, it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a minute or damage to the
transmission and tires may occur, or the engine may overheat.
MANUAL TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)


                                R 1 3 D

                                L 2 4



Using the clutch
The manual transmission has a starter interlock that prevents cranking
the engine unless the clutch pedal is fully depressed.

112
                                                                Driving
To start the vehicle:
1. Make sure the parking brake is fully set.
2. Press the clutch pedal to the floor, then put the gearshift lever in the
neutral position.
3. Start the engine, then press the brake pedal and release the parking
brake.
4. Move the gearshift lever to the desired gear, then slowly release the
clutch pedal while slowly pressing on the accelerator.
Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal or use the clutch
pedal to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill. These
actions will reduce the life of the clutch.
Recommended shift speeds
Downshift according to the following charts for your specific
engine/drivetrain combination:
                      Maximum downshift speeds1
                          6-speed transmission
       Shift from:            Transfer case position (if equipped)2
                                2H or 4H                      4L
    D (Overdrive) - 4       72 km/h (45 mph)          26 km/h (16 mph)
          4-3               56 km/h (35 mph)          19 km/h (12 mph)
          3-2               32 km/h (20 mph)           13 km/h (8 mph)
          2-1                8 km/h (5 mph)             3 km/h (2 mph)
         1 - LO                 Only shift to LO when at a stop.
1
    Use 2H or 4H for 4WD equipped vehicles.
2
    Downshift at lower speeds when driving on slippery surfaces.

Reverse
1. Make sure that your vehicle is at a complete stop before you shift into
R (Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transmission.
2. Move the gearshift lever into the neutral position and wait at least
three seconds before shifting into R (Reverse).
• The gearshift lever can only be moved into R (Reverse) by moving it
   from left of 3 (Third) and 4 (Fourth) before shifting into R (Reverse).
   This is a lockout feature that protects the transmission from
   accidentally being shifted into R (Reverse) from      (Overdrive).

                                                                        113
  Driving
Parking your vehicle
1. Apply the brake and shift into the neutral position.
2. Fully apply the parking brake, then shift into 1 (First).
3. Turn the ignition off.

          Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly
          and injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake
 fully.


Removing the key
Turn the ignition off, push the release lever (located above the ignition),
then turn the key toward you and remove the key.

REVERSE SENSING SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The Reverse Sensing System (RSS) sounds a tone to warn the driver of
obstacles near the rear bumper when the R (Reverse) is selected and the
vehicle is moving at speeds less than 5 km/h (3 mph). The system is not
effective at speeds above 5 km/h (3 mph) and may not detect certain
angular or moving objects.
       To help avoid personal injury, please read and understand the
       limitations of the reverse sensing system as contained in this
 section. Reverse sensing is only an aid for some (generally large and
 fixed) objects when moving in reverse on a flat surface at “parking
 speeds”. Inclement weather may also affect the function of the RSS;
 this may include reduced performance or a false activation.


          To help avoid personal injury, always use caution when in
          reverse and when using the RSS.


        This system is not designed to prevent contact with small or
        moving objects. The system is designed to provide a warning to
 assist the driver in detecting large stationary objects to avoid damaging
 the vehicle. The system may not detect smaller objects, particularly
 those close to the ground.


114
                                                            Driving
The RSS detects obstacles up to 2
meters (6 ft.) from the rear bumper
with a decreased coverage area at
the outer corners of the bumper,
(refer to the figures for approximate
zone coverage areas). As you move
closer to the obstacle, the rate of
the tone increases. When the
obstacle is less than 25.0 cm (10
in.) away, the tone will sound
continuously. If the RSS detects a
stationary or receding object further
than 25.0 cm (10 in.) from the side
of the vehicle, the tone will sound
for only three seconds. Once the
system detects an object
approaching, the tone will sound
again.
The RSS may have reduced
performance or an increased chance
of false detection if the tailgate is
not locked and in the upright position. If the tailgate is down, the RSS
tone may be heard intermittently or continuously. The tone may also be
heard if items in the truck bed protrude rearward outside the bed.
The RSS automatically turns on
when the gear selector is placed in                      OFF
R (Reverse) and the ignition is ON.
An RSS control allows the driver to
turn the RSS on and off. To turn the
RSS off, the ignition must be ON,
and the gear selector in R
(Reverse). An indicator light on the
control will illuminate when the
system is turned off. If the indicator light illuminates when the RSS is
not turned off, it may indicate a failure in the RSS.
Keep the RSS sensors (located on the rear bumper/fascia) free
from snow, ice and large accumulations of dirt (do not clean the
sensors with sharp objects). If the sensors are covered, it will
affect the accuracy of the RSS.
If your vehicle sustains damage to the rear bumper/fascia, leaving
it misaligned or bent, the sensing zone may be altered causing
inaccurate measurement of obstacles or false alarms.

                                                                    115
  Driving
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)

      For important information regarding safe operation of this type
      of vehicle, see Preparing to drive your vehicle in this chapter.

Four–wheel drive (4WD) supplies power to all four wheels. 4WD should
not be operated on dry pavement; driveline damage may occur.
If equipped with the Electronic Shift 4WD System, and 4WD Low
is selected while the vehicle is moving, the 4WD system will not
engage. This is normal and should be no reason for concern. Refer
to Shifting to/from 4WD Low for proper operation.
The 4WD system also uses hub locks that can be engaged and
disengaged based on the 4WD mode selected. Refer to Front wheel hub
locks (if equipped) for more information.
4WD system indicator lights
• 4X4 - illuminates when 4WD High                  4x4
  is selected.

• LOW RANGE - illuminates when
  4WD Low is selected.



Front wheel hub locks (if equipped)




116
                                                             Driving

Engage or disengage the 4WD system by:
• rotating the control for both front wheel hub locks from the FREE or
  LOCK position, then
• manually engage or disengage the transfer case with the floor-mounted
  shifter
For increased fuel economy in 2WD, rotate both hub locks to the FREE
position.
For proper operation, make sure that the arrow and the indicator
dot on the hub are aligned, and that both hub locks are set to the
same position (both set to LOCK or both set to FREE).
Using a manual 4WD system (if equipped)


                                      2H
                                      4H
                                  N
                                      4L


2H (2WD High) – Power to the rear wheels only; used for street and
highway driving.
4H (4WD High) – Used for extra traction such as in snow or icy roads
or in off-road situations. Not intended for use on dry pavement.
N (Neutral) – No power to either front or rear wheels.
4L (4WD Low)– Uses extra gearing to provide maximum power to all
four wheels at reduced speeds. Intended only for off-road applications
such as deep sand, steep grades or pulling heavy objects. 4L (4WD Low)
will not engage while the vehicle is moving; this is normal and should be
no reason for concern. Refer to Shifting to/from 4L (4WD Low) for
proper operation.
Shifting between 2H (2WD high) and 4H (4WD high)
• Move the transfer case lever to 4H (4WD High) at a stop or any
    forward speed up to 88 km/h (55 mph).
Note: Do not perform this operation at speeds above 72 km/h (45 mph)
if the outside temperature is below 0°C (32°F).

                                                                      117
  Driving
Note: Do not perform this operation if the rear wheels are slipping.
Shifting to/from 4L (4WD Low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. On vehicles equipped with an automatic transmission, place the
transmission in N (Neutral); on vehicles equipped with a manual
transmission, depress the clutch.
4. Move the transfer case lever through N (Neutral) directly to the
desired position. The LOW RANGE indicator will illuminate once the
transfer case has engaged.
• If the transfer case does not engage, repeat steps 1 through 4.
Using the N (Neutral) position
The transfer case N (Neutral) position overrides the transmission
and puts the vehicle in neutral regardless of transmission
gearshift lever position. The vehicle can move forward or
backward.
This position should only be used when towing the vehicle.
       Do not leave the vehicle unattended with the transfer case in the
       N (Neutral) position. Always set the parking brake fully and turn
off the ignition when leaving the vehicle.

Using the electronic shift 4WD system (if equipped)
                                    4X4
                                    HIGH   4X4
                              2WD          LOW




2WD (2WD High) - Power to the rear wheels only; used for street and
highway driving.
4X4 HIGH (4WD High) - Used for extra traction such as in snow or icy
roads or in off-road situations. Not intended for use on dry pavement.

118
                                                              Driving
4X4 LOW (4WD Low) - Uses extra gearing to provide maximum power
to all four wheels. Intended only for off-road applications such as deep
sand, steep grades or pulling heavy objects. 4L (4WD Low) will not
engage while the vehicle is moving; this is normal and should be no
reason for concern. Refer to Shifting to/from 4L (4WD Low) for proper
operation.
Shifting between 2WD (2WD High) and 4X4 HIGH (4WD High)
• Move the 4WD control between 2WD and 4X4 HIGH at any forward
    speed.
Note: Do not perform this operation at speeds above 72 km/h (45 mph)
if the outside temperature is below 0°C (32°F).
Note: Do not perform this operation if the rear wheels are slipping.
Shifting to/from 4X4 LOW (4WD Low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop
2. Depress the brake
3. On vehicles equipped with an automatic transmission, place the
transmission in N (Neutral); on vehicles equipped with a manual
transmission, depress the clutch.
4. Move the 4WD control to the desired position.
• If shifting into 4X4 LOW (4WD Low), wait for the LOW RANGE light
   in the instrument cluster to turn on indicating the shift is complete.
• If shifting out of 4X4 LOW (4WD Low), wait for the LOW RANGE light
   in the instrument cluster to turn off indicating the shift is complete.
Driving off-road with truck and utility vehicles
4WD vehicles are specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and have operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
How your vehicle differs from other vehicles
Truck and utility vehicles can differ from some other vehicles. Your
vehicle may be higher to allow it to travel over rough terrain without
getting hung up or damaging underbody components.
The differences that make your vehicle so versatile also make it handle
differently than an ordinary passenger car.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.

                                                                        119
  Driving
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. To maintain
steering and braking control of your vehicle, you must have all four
wheels on the ground and they must be rolling, not sliding or spinning.
Basic operating principles
• Do not use 4WD on dry, hard surfaced roads. Doing so will produce
  excessive noise, increase tire wear and may damage drive components.
  4WD modes are only intended for consistently slippery or loose
  surfaces.
• Drive slower in strong crosswinds which can affect the normal steering
  characteristics of your vehicle.
• Be extremely careful when driving on pavement made slippery by
  loose sand, water, gravel, snow or ice.
If your vehicle goes off the edge of the pavement
• If your vehicle goes off the edge of the pavement, slow down, but
   avoid severe brake application, ease the vehicle back onto the
   pavement only after reducing your speed. Do not turn the steering
   wheel too sharply while returning to the road surface.
• It may be safer to stay on the apron or shoulder of the road and slow
   down gradually before returning to the pavement. You may lose
   control if you do not slow down or if you turn the steering wheel too
   sharply or abruptly.
• It often may be less risky to strike small objects, such as highway
   reflectors, with minor damage to your vehicle rather than attempt a
   sudden return to the pavement which could cause the vehicle to slide
   sideways out of control or roll over. Remember, your safety and the
   safety of others should be your primary concern.
       Vehicles with a higher center of gravity such as utility and
       four-wheel drive vehicles handle differently than vehicles with a
lower center of gravity. Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more
than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns, excessive speed and abrupt
maneuvers in these vehicles. Failure to drive cautiously could result in
an increased risk of loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover, personal
injury and death.


120
                                                             Driving
If your vehicle gets stuck
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting between forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
     Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
     latched in P (Park). Turn the ignition to the LOCK position and
remove the key whenever you leave your vehicle.


      If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
      remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.


       Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
       fail and injure a passenger or bystander.

Refer to Transmission temperature gauge in the Instrument cluster
chapter for transmission fluid temperature information.
Emergency maneuvers
• In an unavoidable emergency situation where a sudden sharp turn
  must be made, remember to avoid “over-driving” your vehicle, i.e.,
  turn the steering wheel only as rapidly and as far as required to avoid
  the emergency. Excessive steering will result in less vehicle control,
  not more. Additionally, smooth variations of the accelerator and/or
  brake pedal pressure should be utilized if changes in vehicle speed are
  called for. Avoid abrupt steering, acceleration or braking which could
  result in an increased risk of loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover
  and/or personal injury. Use all available road surface to return the
  vehicle to a safe direction of travel.
• In the event of an emergency stop, avoid skidding the tires and do not
  attempt any sharp steering wheel movements.

                                                                      121
  Driving

       Vehicles with a higher center of gravity such as utility and
       four-wheel drive vehicles handle differently than vehicles with a
lower center of gravity. Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more
than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns, excessive speed and abrupt
maneuvers in these vehicles. Failure to drive cautiously could result in
an increased risk of loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover, personal
injury and death.

• If the vehicle goes from one type of surface to another (i.e., from
  concrete to gravel) there will be a change in the way the vehicle
  responds to a maneuver (steering, acceleration or braking). Again,
  avoid these abrupt inputs.
Parking
On some 4WD vehicles, when the transfer case is in the N (Neutral)
position, the engine and transmission are disconnected from the rest of
the driveline. Therefore, the vehicle is free to roll even if the automatic
transmission is in P (Park) or the manual transmission is in gear. Do not
leave the vehicle unattended with the transfer case in the N (Neutral)
position. Always set the parking brake fully and turn off the ignition
when leaving the vehicle.
4WD Systems
4WD (when you select a 4WD mode), uses all four wheels to power the
vehicle. This increases traction, enabling you to drive over terrain and
road conditions that a conventional two-wheel drive vehicle can not.
Power is supplied to all four wheels
through a transfer case. On 4WD
vehicles, the transfer case allows
you to select 4WD when necessary.
Information on transfer case
operation and shifting procedures
can be found in the Driving
chapter. Information on transfer
case maintenance can be found in the Maintenance and specifications
chapter. You should become thoroughly familiar with this information
before you operate your vehicle.
Normal characteristics
On some 4WD models, the initial shift from two-wheel drive to 4x4 while
the vehicle is moving can cause some momentary clunk and ratcheting

122
                                                              Driving
sounds. This is the front drivetrain coming up to speed and the
automatic locking hubs engaging and is not cause for concern.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Avoid reducing the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
If you must reduce the tire pressure for whatever reason in sand, make
sure you re-inflate the tires as soon as possible.
Avoid excessive speed because vehicle momentum can work against you
and cause the vehicle to become stuck to the point that assistance may
be required from another vehicle. Remember, you may be able to back
out the way you came if you proceed with caution.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high
water, drive slowly. Traction or
brake capability may be limited.
When driving through water,
determine the depth; avoid water
higher than the bottom of the hubs
(if possible) and proceed slowly. If
the ignition system gets wet, the
vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
Be cautious of sudden changes in vehicle speed or direction when you
are driving in mud. Even 4WD vehicles can lose traction in slick mud. As
when you are driving over sand, apply the accelerator slowly and avoid
spinning your wheels. If the vehicle does slide, steer in the direction of
the slide until you regain control of the vehicle.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Driving through deep water may damage the transmission.
Refer to Transmission temperature gauge in the Instrument cluster
chapter for transmission fluid temperature information.
If the front or rear axle is submerged in water, the axle lubricant should
be replaced.

                                                                       123
  Driving
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to rotating driveshafts
and tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts causes an
imbalance that could damage drive components.
“Tread Lightly” is an educational
program designed to increase public
awareness of land-use regulations
and responsibilities in our nations
wilderness areas. Ford Motor
Company joins the U.S. Forest Service and the Bureau of Land
Management in encouraging you to help preserve our national forest and
other public and private lands by “treading lightly.”
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
Although natural obstacles may make it necessary to travel diagonally up
or down a hill or steep incline, you should always try to drive straight up
or straight down. Avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes or hills. A danger lies in losing traction, slipping sideways and
possibly rolling over. Whenever driving on a hill, determine beforehand
the route you will use. Do not drive over the crest of a hill without
seeing what conditions are on the other side. Do not drive in reverse
over a hill without the aid of an observer.
When climbing a steep slope or hill,
start in a lower gear rather than
downshifting to a lower gear from a
higher gear once the ascent has
started. This reduces strain on the
engine and the possibility of stalling.
If you do stall out, do not try to
turn around because you might roll
over. It is better to back down to a
safe location.
Apply just enough power to the
wheels to climb the hill. Too much
power will cause the tires to slip,
spin or lose traction, resulting in
loss of vehicle control.




124
                                                              Driving
Descend a hill in the same gear you
would use to climb up the hill to
avoid excessive brake application
and brake overheating. Do not
descend in neutral; instead,
disengage overdrive or manually
shift to a lower gear. When
descending a steep hill, avoid
sudden hard braking as you could
lose control. When you brake hard,
the front wheels can’t turn and if
they aren’t turning, you won’t be
able to steer. The front wheels have to be turning in order to steer the
vehicle. Rapid pumping of the brake pedal will help you slow the vehicle
and still maintain steering control.
If your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, apply the brakes steadily. Do not
“pump” the brakes.
Driving on snow and ice
4WD vehicles have advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Should you start to slide while driving on snowy or icy roads, turn the
steering wheel in the direction of the slide until you regain control.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
Avoid sudden braking as well. Although a 4WD vehicle may accelerate
better than a two-wheel drive vehicle in snow and ice, it won’t stop any
faster, because as in other vehicles, braking occurs at all four wheels. Do
not become overconfident as to road conditions.
Make sure you allow sufficient distance between you and other vehicles
for stopping. Drive slower than usual and consider using one of the lower
gears. In emergency stopping situations, avoid locking of the wheels. Use
a “squeeze” technique, push on the brake pedal with a steadily increasing
force which allows the wheels to brake yet continue to roll so that you
may steer in the direction you want to travel. If you lock the wheels,
release the brake pedal and repeat the squeeze technique. If your vehicle
is equipped with a Four Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS), apply the
brake steadily. Do not “pump” the brakes. Refer to the Brakes section of
this chapter for additional information on the operation of the anti-lock
brake system.

                                                                       125
  Driving
Never drive with chains on the front tires of 4WD vehicles without also
putting them on the rear tires. This could cause the rear to slide and
swing around during braking.
Tires, Replacement Requirements
       Do not use a size and type of tire and wheel other than that
       originally provided by Ford Motor Company because it can affect
 the safety and performance of your vehicle, which could result in an
 increased risk of loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover, and/or serious
 personal injury or death.

Make sure all tires and wheels on the vehicle are of the same size, type,
tread design, brand and load-carrying capacity. If you have questions
regarding tire replacement, see an authorized Ford or Lincoln/Mercury
dealer.
If you nevertheless decide to equip your 4WD for off-road use with tires
larger than what Ford Motor Company recommends, you should not use
these tires for highway driving.
If you use any tire/wheel combination not recommended by Ford Motor
Company, it may adversely affect vehicle handling and could cause
steering, suspension, axle or transfer case failure.
Do not use “aftermarket lift kits” or other suspension modifications,
whether or not they are used with larger tires and wheels.
These “aftermarket lift kits” could adversely affect the vehicle’s handling
characteristics, which could lead to loss of vehicle control or rollover and
serious injury.
Tires can be damaged during off-road use. For your safety, tires that are
damaged should not be used for highway driving because they are more
likely to blow out or fail.
You should carefully observe the recommended tire inflation pressure
found on the safety compliance certification label attached to the left
front door lock facing or door latch post pillar. Failure to follow tire
pressure recommendations can adversely affect the way your vehicle
handles. Do not exceed the Ford Motor Company recommended pressure
even if it is less than the maximum pressure allowed for the tire.




126
                                                               Driving
Each day before you drive, check
your tires. If one looks lower than
the others, use a tire gauge to check
pressure of all tires, and adjust if
required. Check tire pressure with a
tire gauge every few weeks
(including spare). Safe operation
requires tires that are neither
underinflated nor a vehicle which is
overloaded.
Periodically inspect the tire treads and remove stones, nails, glass or
other objects that may be wedged in the tread grooves. Check for holes
or cuts that may permit air leakage from the tire and make necessary
repairs.
Inspect the tire side walls for cuts, bruises and other damage. If internal
damage to the tire is suspected, have the tire demounted and inspected
in case it needs to be repaired or replaced.
Maintenance and Modifications
The suspension and steering systems on your vehicle have been designed
and tested to provide both reasonably safe, predictable performance
whether loaded or empty and durable load carrying capability. For this
reason, Ford Motor Company strongly recommends that you do not make
modifications such as adding or removing parts (such as lift kits or
stabilizer bars) or by using replacement parts not equivalent to the
original factory equipment.
Any modifications to a vehicle that raise the center of gravity can make
it more likely the vehicle will roll over as a result of a loss of control.
Ford Motor Company recommends that caution be used with any vehicle
equipped with a high load or device (such as ladder racks or pickup box
cover).
Failure to maintain your vehicle properly may void the warranty, increase
your repair cost, reduce vehicle performance and operational capabilities
and adversely affect driver and passenger safety. Frequent inspection of
vehicle chassis components is recommended if the vehicle is subjected to
heavy off-road usage.
POWER TAKE OFF (PTO) CAPABILITY (IF EQUIPPED)
Some vehicles may be equipped with Power Take Off (PTO) capability.
These vehicles have a special transmission case, internal components and
calibration for PTO usage.

                                                                        127
  Driving
The PTO can be used during mobile and stationary
continuous/intermittent applications.
PTO operation is disabled while the vehicle is in Overdrive (the TCIL will
not be illuminated), in N (Neutral), during engine cranking. Transmission
upshift and downshift schedules will be reduced by about 15% and will
have a firmer shift feel during PTO mobile applications.
The PTO cannot be disabled while the transmission is in D (Drive)
(Overdrive position with Overdrive canceled), 2 (Second) or 1 (First).
Refer to the Body Builder’s Layout Book for recommended electrical
installation.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly especially if the depth is not known. Never drive through water
that is higher than the bottom of the hubs (for trucks) or the bottom of
the wheel rims (for cars). Traction or brake capability may be limited
and your vehicle may stall. Water may also enter your engine’s air intake
and severely damage your engine.
Once through the water, always dry the brakes by moving your vehicle
slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal. Wet brakes do
not stop the vehicle as quickly as dry brakes. Driving through deep
water where the transmission vent tube is submerged may allow
water into the transmission and cause internal transmission
damage.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
  equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include occupants or
  aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, occupants
  and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
  rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
  weight.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum allowable total
  weight of the base vehicle, occupants, optional equipment and cargo.
  The GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
  Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.

128
                                                             Driving
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
   system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
   Safety Certification Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined weight of the
   towing vehicle (including occupants and cargo) and the loaded trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum allowable
   combined weight of towing vehicle (including occupants and cargo)
   and the loaded trailer
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
   vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
   determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
   engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
   towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
   vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: Maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
   vehicle, including occupants and cargo, is permitted to tow. It is
   determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
   vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified range of trailer weight from zero to
   the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
The Safety Certification Label, located on the driver’s door pillar, lists
vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding any additional equipment,
refer to these limitations.
Always ensure that the weight of occupants, cargo and equipment is
within the weight limitations, including both gross vehicle weight and
front and rear gross axle weight rating limits.
Note: Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
       Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation could result in
       serious damage to the vehicle loss of vehicle control, vehicle
rollover, and/or personal injury.

Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.

                                                                        129
  Driving
Special loading instructions for owners of pickup trucks and
utility-type vehicles
       For important information regarding safe operation of this type
       of vehicle, see the Preparing to drive your vehicle section in
this chapter.

      Loaded vehicles may handle differently than unloaded vehicles.
      Extra precautions, such as slower speeds and increased stopping
distance, should be taken when driving a heavily loaded vehicle.

Your vehicle can haul more cargo and people than most passenger cars.
Depending upon the type and placement of the load, hauling cargo and
people may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum GCWR chart (in the Trailer Towing
section in this chapter) for your type of engine and rear axle ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle without cargo. To obtain correct weights, take your
vehicle to a shipping company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded weight from the maximum GCWR in the chart.
This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow. It must be
below the maximum trailer weight shown in the chart.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle may tow a Conventional/Class IV trailer or fifth wheel trailer
provided the maximum trailer weight is less than or equal to the
maximum trailer weight listed for your engine and rear axle ratio on the
following charts.
2nd unit bodies are not included in maximum trailer weight ratings. The
weight of the additional “body” must be subtracted from the maximum
trailer weight.
Your vehicle’s load capacity is designated by weight, not by volume, so
you cannot necessarily use all available space when loading a vehicle.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these
components carefully prior to and after any towing operation. The
following trailer towing charts apply to vehicles equipped with gasoline
engines; for Diesel engines, refer to the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct
Injection Turbo Diesel Supplement.

130
                                                          Driving
Note: Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
      Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
      weight exceeds the limit of the vehicle and could result in
engine damage, transmission damage, structural damage, loss of vehicle
control, vehicle rollover and personal injury.

Refer to Transmission temperature gauge in the Instrument cluster
chapter for transmission fluid temperature information.
                    F-250 Regular Cab Pickup
   Engine       Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -       Maximum
                  ratio           kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                  kg (lbs.)
                 4x2 with manual transmission
      5.4L         3.73         6123 (13500)     3583 (7900)
      5.4L         4.10         6804 (15000)     4264 (9400)
      6.8L         3.73         7484 (16500)    4899 (10800)
      6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)    5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with       4.30           9072 (20000)        6486 (14300)
 fifth wheel)
                 4x2 with automatic transmission
      5.4L         3.73        6123 (13500)       3629 (8000)
      5.4L         4.10        6804 (15000)       4309 (9500)
      6.8L         3.73        7711 (17000)      5171 (11400)
      6.8L         4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with       4.30           9072 (20000)        6532 (14400)
 fifth wheel)




                                                                   131
 Driving

                    F-250 Regular Cab Pickup
   Engine       Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -       Maximum
                  ratio           kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                  kg (lbs.)
                 4x4 with manual transmission
      5.4L         3.73         6123 (13500)     3357 (7400)
      5.4L         4.10         6804 (15000)     4037 (8900)
      6.8L         3.73         7484 (16500)    4672 (10300)
      6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)    5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with      4.30         9072 (20000)      6260 (13800)
 fifth wheel)
                4x4 with automatic transmission
      5.4L        3.73        6123 (13500)       3402 (7500)
      5.4L        4.10        6804 (15000)       4082 (9000)
      6.8L        3.73        7711 (17000)      4944 (10900)
      6.8L        4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with      4.30         9072 (20000)      6305 (13900)
 fifth wheel)
                      F-250 SuperCab Pickup
   Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -      Maximum
                  ratio           kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                  kg (lbs.)
                 4x2 with manual transmission
      5.4L         3.73         6123 (13500)     3402 (7500)
      5.4L         4.10         6804 (15000)     4082 (9000)
      6.8L         3.73         7484 (16500)    4717 (10400)
      6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)    5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)



132
                                                   Driving

                     F-250 SuperCab Pickup
  Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -     Maximum
                 ratio           kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                 kg (lbs.)
                4x2 with manual transmission
 6.8L (with       4.30         9072 (20000)    6305 (13900)
fifth wheel)
               4x2 with automatic transmission
     5.4L        3.73        6123 (13500)       3402 (7500)
     5.4L        4.10        6804 (15000)       4082 (9000)
     6.8L        3.73        7711 (17000)      4944 (10900)
     6.8L        4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with      4.30         9072 (20000)      6305 (13900)
fifth wheel)
                4x4 with manual transmission
     5.4L        3.73        6123 (13500)        3221 (7100)
     5.4L        4.10        6804 (15000)        3901 (8600)
     6.8L        3.73        7484 (16500)        4491 (9900)
     6.8L        4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with      4.30         9072 (20000)      6078 (13400)
fifth wheel)
               4x4 with automatic transmission
     5.4L        3.73        6123 (13500)       3221 (7100)
     5.4L        4.10        6804 (15000)       3901 (8600)
     6.8L        3.73        7711 (17000)      4763 (10500)
     6.8L        4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with      4.30         9072 (20000)      6123 (13500)
fifth wheel)


                                                           133
 Driving

                      F-250 Crew Cab Pickup
   Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -      Maximum
                  ratio           kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                  kg (lbs.)
                 4x2 with manual transmission
      5.4L         3.73         6123 (13500)     3266 (7200)
      5.4L         4.10         6804 (15000)     3992 (8800)
      6.8L         3.73         7484 (16500)    4581 (10100)
      6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)    5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with      4.30         9072 (20000)      6169 (13600)
 fifth wheel)
                4x2 with automatic transmission
      5.4L        3.73        6123 (13500)       3311 (7300)
      5.4L        4.10        6804 (15000)       3992 (8800)
      6.8L        3.73        7711 (17000)      4853 (10700)
      6.8L        4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with      4.30         9072 (20000)      6214 (13700)
 fifth wheel)
                 4x4 with manual transmission
      5.4L        3.73        6123 (13500)        3130 (6900)
      5.4L        4.10        6804 (15000)        3810 (8400)
      6.8L        3.73        7484 (16500)        4400 (9700)
      6.8L        4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with      4.30         9072 (20000)      5987 (13200)
 fifth wheel)




134
                                                      Driving

                     F-250 Crew Cab Pickup
  Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
                 ratio           kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                   kg (lbs.)
               4x4 with automatic transmission
     5.4L         3.73         6123 (13500)       3130 (6900)
     5.4L         4.10         6804 (15000)       3810 (8400)
     6.8L         3.73         7711 (17000)      4672 (10300)
     6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with      4.30          9072 (20000)       6033 (13300)
fifth wheel)
           F-350 Regular Cab Single Rear Wheel Pickup
   Engine       Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -         Maximum
                  ratio           kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                    kg (lbs.)
                  4x2 with manual transmission
     5.4L          3.73         6123 (13500)       3538 (7800)
     5.4L          4.10         6804 (15000)       4218 (9300)
     6.8L          3.73         7484 (16500)      4853 (10700)
     6.8L          4.30         9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with        4.30         9072 (20000)      6441 (14200)
fifth wheel)




                                                              135
 Driving

            F-350 Regular Cab Single Rear Wheel Pickup
   Engine        Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -          Maximum
                   ratio           kg (lbs.)      trailer weight -
                                                      kg (lbs.)
                  4x2 with automatic transmission
      5.4L          3.73         6123 (13500)        3583 (7900)
      5.4L          4.10         6804 (15000)        4218 (9300)
      6.8L          3.73         7711 (17000)       5080 (11200)
      6.8L          4.30         9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with        4.30          9072 (20000)      6441 (14200)
 fifth wheel)
                   4x4 with manual transmission
      5.4L          3.73        6123 (13500)         3357 (7400)
      5.4L          4.10        6804 (15000)         4037 (8900)
      6.8L          3.73        7484 (16500)        4672 (10300)
      6.8L          4.30        9072 (20000)        5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with        4.30          9072 (20000)      6260 (13800)
 fifth wheel)
                  4x4 with automatic transmission
      5.4L          3.73        6123 (13500)       3402 (7500)
      5.4L          4.10        6804 (15000)       4082 (9000)
      6.8L          3.73        7711 (17000)      4899 (10800)
      6.8L          4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with        4.30          9072 (20000)      6260 (13800)
 fifth wheel)




136
                                                     Driving

           F-350 Regular Cab Dual Rear Wheel Pickup
  Engine       Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -         Maximum
                  ratio          kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                   kg (lbs.)
                 4x2 with manual transmission
     5.4L          3.73        6123 (13500)       3447 (7600)
     5.4L          4.10        6804 (15000)       4128 (9100)
     6.8L          3.73        7484 (16500)      4672 (10300)
     6.8L          4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with       4.30         9072 (20000)      6260 (13800)
fifth wheel)
                4x2 with automatic transmission
     5.4L         3.73        6123 (13500)       3447 (7600)
     5.4L         4.10        6804 (15000)       4128 (9100)
     6.8L         3.73        7711 (17000)      4944 (10900)
     6.8L         4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with       4.30         9072 (20000)      6305 (13900)
fifth wheel)
                 4x4 with manual transmission
     5.4L         3.73        6123 (13500)        3221 (7100)
     5.4L         4.10        6804 (15000)        3901 (8600)
     6.8L         3.73        7484 (16500)        4491 (9900)
     6.8L         4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with       4.30         9072 (20000)      6078 (13400)
fifth wheel)




                                                             137
 Driving

            F-350 Regular Cab Dual Rear Wheel Pickup
   Engine       Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -          Maximum
                   ratio          kg (lbs.)      trailer weight -
                                                     kg (lbs.)
                 4x4 with automatic transmission
      5.4L          3.73        6123 (13500)        3266 (7200)
      5.4L          4.10        6804 (15000)        3946 (8700)
      6.8L          3.73        7711 (17000)       4763 (10500)
      6.8L          4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with       4.30          9072 (20000)      5897 (13000)
 fifth wheel)
              F-350 SuperCab Single Rear Wheel Pickup
    Engine        Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
                    ratio          kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                     kg (lbs.)
                    4x2 with manual transmission
      5.4L           3.73        6123 (13500)       3402 (7500)
      5.4L           4.10        6804 (15000)       4082 (9000)
      6.8L           3.73        7484 (16500)      4672 (10300)
      6.8L           4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with         4.30        9072 (20000)      6260 (13800)
 fifth wheel)




138
                                                         Driving

               F-350 SuperCab Single Rear Wheel Pickup
  Engine           Rear axle   Maximum GCWR -          Maximum
                     ratio          kg (lbs.)      trailer weight -
                                                       kg (lbs.)
                   4x2 with automatic transmission
     5.4L             3.73        6123 (13500)        3402 (7500)
     5.4L             4.10        6804 (15000)        4082 (9000)
     6.8L             3.73        7711 (17000)       4763 (10500)
     6.8L             4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with          4.30          9072 (20000)      6305 (13900)
fifth wheel)
                     4x4 with manual transmission
     5.4L             3.73        6123 (13500)        3221 (7100)
     5.4L             4.10        6804 (15000)        3901 (8600)
     6.8L             3.73        7484 (16500)        4491 (9900)
     6.8L             4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with          4.30          9072 (20000)      6078 (13400)
fifth wheel)
                   4x4 with automatic transmission
     5.4L            3.73        6123 (13500)       3221 (7100)
     5.4L            4.10        6804 (15000)       3901 (8600)
     6.8L            3.73        7711 (17000)      4763 (10500)
     6.8L            4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with          4.30          9072 (20000)      6123 (13500)
fifth wheel)




                                                                 139
 Driving

                F-350 SuperCab Dual Rear Wheel Pickup
   Engine          Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
                     ratio          kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                      kg (lbs.)
                     4x2 with manual transmission
      5.4L            3.73        6123 (13500)       3266 (7200)
      5.4L            4.10        6804 (15000)       3946 (8700)
      6.8L            3.73        7484 (16500)      4536 (10000)
      6.8L            4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with          4.30         9072 (20000)      6123 (13500)
 fifth wheel)
                   4x2 with automatic transmission
      5.4L           3.73        6123 (13500)       3266 (7200)
      5.4L           4.10        6804 (15000)       3946 (8700)
      6.8L           3.73        7711 (17000)      4763 (10500)
      6.8L           4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with          4.30         9072 (20000)      6123 (13500)
 fifth wheel)
                     4x4 with manual transmission
      5.4L            3.73        6123 (13500)        3130 (6900)
      5.4L            4.10        6804 (15000)        3810 (8400)
      6.8L            3.73        7484 (16500)        4400 (9700)
      6.8L            4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with          4.30         9072 (20000)      5987 (13200)
 fifth wheel)




140
                                                         Driving

               F-350 SuperCab Dual Rear Wheel Pickup
  Engine          Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -          Maximum
                    ratio          kg (lbs.)       trailer weight -
                                                       kg (lbs.)
                   4x4 with automatic transmission
     5.4L            3.73        6123 (13500)         3130 (6900)
     5.4L            4.10        6804 (15000)         3901 (8600)
     6.8L            3.73        7711 (17000)        4627 (10200)
     6.8L            4.30        9072 (20000)        5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with          4.30          9072 (20000)      5987 (13200)
fifth wheel)
             F-350 Crew Cab Single Rear Wheel Pickup
   Engine        Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
                   ratio          kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                    kg (lbs.)
                   4x2 with manual transmission
     5.4L           3.73        6123 (13500)       3266 (7200)
     5.4L           4.10        6804 (15000)       3946 (8700)
     6.8L           3.73        7484 (16500)      4581 (10100)
     6.8L           4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with         4.30        9072 (20000)      6169 (13600)
fifth wheel)




                                                                 141
 Driving

                F-350 Crew Cab Single Rear Wheel Pickup
   Engine           Rear axle   Maximum GCWR -          Maximum
                      ratio          kg (lbs.)      trailer weight -
                                                        kg (lbs.)
                    4x2 with automatic transmission
      5.4L             3.73        6123 (13500)        3311 (7300)
      5.4L             4.10        6804 (15000)        3992 (8800)
      6.8L             3.73        7711 (17000)       4808 (10600)
      6.8L             4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with          4.30          9072 (20000)      6169 (13600)
 fifth wheel)
                      4x4 with manual transmission
      5.4L             3.73        6123 (13500)        3130 (6900)
      5.4L             4.10        6804 (15000)        3810 (8400)
      6.8L             3.73        7484 (16500)        4445 (9800)
      6.8L             4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with          4.30          9072 (20000)      6033 (13300)
 fifth wheel)
                    4x4 with automatic transmission
      5.4L            3.73        6123 (13500)       3130 (6900)
      5.4L            4.10        6804 (15000)       3810 (8400)
      6.8L            3.73        7711 (17000)      4672 (10300)
      6.8L            4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
   (without
 fifth wheel)
  6.8L (with          4.30          9072 (20000)      6033 (13300)
 fifth wheel)




142
                                                       Driving

               F-350 Crew Cab Dual Rear Wheel Pickup
  Engine          Rear axle    Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
                    ratio          kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                     kg (lbs.)
                    4x2 with manual transmission
     6.8L            3.73        7484 (16500)       4445 (9800)
     6.8L            4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with          4.30         9072 (20000)      6033 (13300)
fifth wheel)
                  4x2 with automatic transmission
     6.8L           3.73        7711 (17000)      4672 (10300)
     6.8L           4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with          4.30         9072 (20000)      6033 (13300)
fifth wheel)
                    4x4 with manual transmission
     6.8L            3.73        7484 (16500)        4218 (9300)
     6.8L            4.30        9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with          4.30         9072 (20000)      5806 (12800)
fifth wheel)
                  4x4 with automatic transmission
     6.8L           3.73        7711 (17000)       4491 (9900)
     6.8L           4.30        9072 (20000)      5670 (12500)
  (without
fifth wheel)
 6.8L (with          4.30         9072 (20000)      5851 (12900)
fifth wheel)




                                                               143
 Driving

         F-350 Regular Chassis Cab Single Rear Wheel
                     (Fifth Wheel Towing)
  Engine      Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -         Maximum
                ratio            kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                   kg (lbs.)
                4x2 with manual transmission
   5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       3266 (7200)
   5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3946 (8700)
   6.8L          3.73          7484 (16500)      4581 (10100)
               4x2 with automatic transmission
   5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       3311 (7300)
   5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3992 (8800)
   6.8L          3.73          7711 (17000)      4808 (10600)
                4x4 with manual transmission
   5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       3084 (6800)
   5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3765 (8300)
   6.8L          3.73          7484 (16500)       4400 (9700)
               4x4 with automatic transmission
   5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       3084 (6800)
   5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3765 (8300)
   6.8L          3.73          7711 (17000)      4627 (10200)
         F-350 Regular Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                     (Fifth Wheel Towing)
  Engine      Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -       Maximum
                ratio            kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                 kg (lbs.)
                4x2 with manual transmission
   5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)     3130 (6900)
   5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)     3810 (8400)
   6.8L          3.73          7484 (16500)     4400 (9700)
   6.8L          4.30          9072 (20000)    5987 (13200)




144
                                                   Driving

       F-350 Regular Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                   (Fifth Wheel Towing)
Engine      Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
              ratio            kg (lbs.)    trailer weight -
                                                kg (lbs.)
            4x2 with automatic transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)      3175 (7000)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)      3856 (8500)
 6.8L          3.73          7711 (17000)     4672 (10300)
 6.8L          4.30          9072 (20000)     6033 (13300)
              4x4 with manual transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)      2903 (6400)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)      3583 (7900)
 6.8L          3.73          7484 (16500)      4218 (9300)
 6.8L          4.30          9072 (20000)     5806 (12800)
            4x4 with automatic transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)      2948 (6500)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)      3629 (8000)
 6.8L          3.73          7711 (17000)      4445 (9800)
 6.8L          4.30          9072 (20000)     5806 (12800)
      F-350 SuperCab Chassis Cab Single Rear Wheel
                   (Fifth Wheel Towing)
Engine      Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -         Maximum
              ratio            kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                 kg (lbs.)
              4x2 with manual transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       3130 (6900)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3810 (8400)
 6.8L          3.73          7484 (16500)       4400 (9700)
             4x2 with automatic transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       3130 (6900)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3810 (8400)
 6.8L          3.73          7711 (17000)      4627 (10200)


                                                           145
 Driving

        F-350 SuperCab Chassis Cab Single Rear Wheel
                     (Fifth Wheel Towing)
  Engine      Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
                ratio            kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                  kg (lbs.)
                4x4 with manual transmission
   5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)      2903 (6400)
   5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)      3583 (7900)
   6.8L          3.73          7484 (16500)      4218 (9300)
               4x4 with automatic transmission
   5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)      2948 (6500)
   5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)      3629 (8000)
   6.8L          3.73          7711 (17000)      4445 (9800)
  F-350 SuperCab Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel (Fifth Wheel
                          Towing)
  Engine     Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -         Maximum
               ratio           kg (lbs.)      trailer weight -
                                                  kg (lbs.)
               4x2 with manual transmission
   6.8L         3.73         7484 (16500)        4264 (9400)
   6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)       5851 (12900)
              4x2 with automatic transmission
   6.8L         3.73         7711 (17000)        4491 (9900)
   6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)       5851 (12900)
               4x4 with manual transmission
   6.8L         3.73         7484 (16500)        4082 (9000)
   6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)
              4x4 with automatic transmission
   6.8L         3.73         7711 (17000)        4309 (9500)
   6.8L         4.30         9072 (20000)       5670 (12500)




146
                                                   Driving

      F-350 Crew Cab Chassis Cab Single Rear Wheel
                   (Fifth Wheel Towing)
Engine      Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -         Maximum
              ratio            kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                 kg (lbs.)
              4x2 with manual transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       3039 (6700)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3719 (8200)
 6.8L          3.73          7484 (16500)       4309 (9500)
             4x2 with automatic transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       3039 (6700)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3719 (8200)
 6.8L          3.73          7711 (17000)      4536 (10000)
              4x4 with manual transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       2812 (6200)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3493 (7700)
 6.8L          3.73          7484 (16500)       4128 (9100)
             4x4 with automatic transmission
 5.4L          3.73          6123 (13500)       2858 (6300)
 5.4L          4.10          6804 (15000)       3538 (7800)
 6.8L          3.73          7711 (17000)       4354 (9600)
       F-350 Crew Cab Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                    (Fifth Wheel Towing)
Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
               ratio            kg (lbs.)    trailer weight -
                                                 kg (lbs.)
              4x2 with manual transmission
 6.8L           3.73          7484 (16500)      9200 (4173)
 6.8L           4.30          9072 (20000)     5761 (12700)
             4x2 with automatic transmission
 6.8L           3.73          7711 (17000)      4400 (9700)
 6.8L           4.30          9072 (20000)     5761 (12700)



                                                           147
 Driving

         F-350 Crew Cab Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                      (Fifth Wheel Towing)
  Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -        Maximum
                 ratio            kg (lbs.)    trailer weight -
                                                   kg (lbs.)
                4x4 with manual transmission
   6.8L           3.73          7484 (16500)      3946 (8700)
   6.8L           4.30          9072 (20000)     5534 (12200)
               4x4 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           3.73          7711 (17000)      4218 (9300)
   6.8L           4.30          9072 (20000)     5579 (12300)
         F-450 Regular Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                      (Fifth Wheel Towing)
  Engine      Rear axle      Maximum GCWR -      Maximum
                 ratio            kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                  kg (lbs.)
                4x2 with manual transmission
   6.8L        4.88/5.38        9979 (22000)    6577 (14500)
              4x2 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           4.88         10886 (24000)    7530 (16600)
   6.8L           5.38         11793 (26000)    8437 (18600)
                4x4 with manual transmission
   6.8L        4.88/5.38        9979 (22000)    6441 (14200)
              4x4 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           4.88         10886 (24000)    7394 (16300)
   6.8L           5.38         11793 (26000)    8301 (18300)




148
                                                   Driving

       F-450 SuperCab Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                     (Fifth Wheel Towing)
Engine       Rear axle      Maximum GCWR -      Maximum
                ratio            kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                 kg (lbs.)
               4x2 with manual transmission
 6.8L         4.88/5.38        9979 (22000)    6441 (14200)
             4x2 with automatic transmission
 6.8L            4.88         10886 (24000)    7348 (16200)
 6.8L            5.38         11793 (26000)    8255 (18200)
               4x4 with manual transmission
 6.8L         4.88/5.38        9979 (22000)    6260 (13800)
             4x4 with automatic transmission
 6.8L            4.88         10886 (24000)    7167 (15800)
 6.8L            5.38         11793 (26000)    8074 (17800)
       F-450 Crew Cab Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                     (Fifth Wheel Towing)
Engine       Rear axle      Maximum GCWR -      Maximum
                ratio            kg (lbs.)   trailer weight -
                                                 kg (lbs.)
               4x2 with manual transmission
 6.8L         4.88/5.38        9979 (22000)    6350 (14000)
             4x2 with automatic transmission
 6.8L            4.88         10886 (24000)    7257 (16000)
 6.8L            5.38         11793 (26000)    8165 (18000)
               4x4 with manual transmission
 6.8L         4.88/5.38        9979 (22000)    6214 (13700)
             4x4 with automatic transmission
 6.8L            4.88         10886 (24000)    7121 (15700)
 6.8L            5.38         11793 (26000)    8029 (17700)




                                                           149
 Driving

        F-550 Regular Cab Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                      (Fifth Wheel Towing)
  Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -       Maximum
                 ratio           kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                   kg (lbs.)
               4x2 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           4.88         10886 (24000)     7484 (16500)
   6.8L           5.38         11793 (26000)     8391 (18500)
               4x4 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           4.88         10886 (24000)     7348 (16200)
   6.8L           5.38         11793 (26000)     8255 (18200)
         F-550 SuperCab Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                      (Fifth Wheel Towing)
  Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -       Maximum
                 ratio           kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                   kg (lbs.)
               4x2 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           4.88         10886 (24000)     7348 (16200)
   6.8L           5.38         11793 (26000)     8255 (18200)
               4x4 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           4.88         10886 (24000)     7121 (15700)
   6.8L           5.38         11793 (26000)     8029 (17700)
         F-550 Crew Cab Chassis Cab Dual Rear Wheel
                      (Fifth Wheel Towing)
  Engine       Rear axle     Maximum GCWR -       Maximum
                 ratio           kg (lbs.)     trailer weight -
                                                   kg (lbs.)
               4x2 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           4.88         10886 (24000)     7212 (15900)
   6.8L           5.38         11793 (26000)     8119 (17900)
               4x4 with automatic transmission
   6.8L           4.88         10886 (24000)     7076 (15600)
   6.8L           5.38         11793 (26000)     7983 (17600)


150
                                                               Driving
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle’s bumper or attach to the
axle. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10%–15% of the
total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Load equalizing hitch
When hooking up a trailer using a load equalizing hitch, always use the
following procedure:
1. Park the unloaded vehicle on a level surface. With the ignition on and
all doors closed, allow the vehicle to stand for several minutes so that it
can level.
2. Measure the height of a reference point on the front and rear bumpers
at the center of the vehicle.
3. Attach the trailer to the vehicle and adjust the hitch equalizers so that
the front bumper height is within 0–13 mm (0.5 in) of the reference
point. After proper adjustment, the rear bumper should be no higher
than in Step 2.
Note: Adjusting an equalizing hitch so the rear bumper of the vehicle is
higher than it was unloaded will defeat the function of the load
equalizing hitch and may cause unpredictable handling.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers
of the vehicle hitch. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the
chains under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are
safe if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s
specifications. The trailer brakes must meet local and Federal
regulations.

                                                                           151
  Driving

      Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
      vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.

The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Using a step bumper (if equipped)
The rear bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and only requires a
ball with a 25.4 mm (one inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a 2,270
kg (5,000 lb.) trailer weight and 227 kg (500 lb.) tongue weight capacity.
If it is necessary to relocate the trailer hitch ball position, a
frame-mounted trailer hitch must be installed.
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Turn off the speed control. The speed control may shut off
  automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.
• To eliminate excessive shifting, use a lower gear. This will also assist
  in transmission cooling. (For additional information, refer to the
  Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission section in this
  chapter.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
• Do not exceed the GCWR rating or transmission damage may occur.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for
more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up before starting on a trip to
  get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make
  wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other obstacles.

152
                                                              Driving
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
  weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
  hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• To aid in engine/transmission cooling and A/C efficiency during hot
  weather while stopped in traffic, place the gearshift lever in P (Park)
  (automatic transmission) or N (Neutral) (manual transmissions).
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
  park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
  the rear bumper.
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (6 inches) above the
  bottom edge of the rear bumper.
• Disconnect the trailer tow electrical connector to prevent blown fuses
  caused by water entering into your trailer’s electrical wiring.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions and reliability.
Replace front and rear axle lubricants any time the axles have been
submerged in water. Axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked
unless a leak is suspected.
ALL REAR WHEEL DRIVE (RWD) VEHICLES
This applies to all cars and 4x2 trucks/sport utilities with rear wheel
drive capability.
An example of recreational towing is towing your vehicle behind a
motorhome. The following recreational towing guidelines are designed to
ensure that your transmission is not damaged.
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km/h (35 mph) must
be exceeded, you must disconnect the driveshaft. Ford recommends the
driveshaft be removed/installed only by a qualified technician. See your
local dealer for driveshaft removal/installation.

                                                                       153
  Driving
Improper removal/installation of the driveshaft can cause
transmission fluid loss, damage to the driveshaft and internal
transmission components.
RWD vehicles with 4x4 electronic shift transfer case or All Wheel
Drive (AWD) vehicles with automatic transmissions:
Regarding recreational towing or having your vehicle towed, 4x4 vehicles
with electronic shift on the fly and AWD vehicles cannot be towed with
any wheels on the ground (with the exception of moving it as a disabled
vehicle off the road out of traffic).
SNOWPLOWING
Note: Do not use your vehicle to snowplow until it has been driven at
least 800 km (500 miles). Follow the severe duty schedule in your
scheduled maintenance guide for engine oil and transmission fluid
change intervals.
Note: Ford does not install snowplows.
For low speed snow removal, Ford offers a Snowplow Package Option on
select 4x4 vehicles. To assist Ford dealers and equipment installers
further prepare the vehicle for snowplowing, Ford includes instructions
in the Ford Truck Body Builders Layout Book and Ford Truck Source
Book. These instructions are available through your Ford dealer; they
include the list of vehicle models recommended for snowplowing and
snowplow weight limits. Use of the Snowplow Package Option, or its
equivalent, along with these instructions will help avoid possible
powertrain and chassis damage from snowplowing.
The front and rear GAWR, GVWR, Total Accessory Reserve Capacity
(TARC) and tire inflation pressures are found on the Safety Compliance
Certification Label located on one of the vehicle’s door jambs. This label
is applied to all vehicles completed by Ford Motor Company. Incomplete
vehicles built by Ford Motor Company will have an Incomplete Vehicle
Label in place of the Safety Compliance Label. The TARC does not apply
to Incomplete Vehicles and will not be shown on the Incomplete Vehicle
Label. The weight of the vehicle with occupants must never exceed the
front and rear GAWR or the GVWR.
The TARC is the weight of the permanently attached equipment that can
be added to the vehicle without violating the vehicle’s Safety Compliance
Certification. This includes the snowplow mounting hardware but does
not include the removable portion of the snowplow assembly.


154
                                                           Driving
Installing the snowplow
Read the following instructions before installing a snowplow:
• Front GAWR must not exceed 63% of the GVW. Add ballast weight to
  the back of the vehicle, if necessary. Refer to the Safety Compliance
  Certification Label to find your vehicle’s front GAWR.
• The Front Axle Accessory Reserve Capacity and the TARC listed on
  the bottom right of the Safety Compliance Certification Label will
  determine whether or not the addition of a snowplow will overload
  your vehicle.
• The weight of the snowplow and supporting components distributed to
  the front axle must not exceed the Front Axle Accessory Reserve
  Capacity.
• The total weight of the snowplow and aftermarket equipment must
  not exceed the TARC.
• The weight of the installed snowplow and aftermarket equipment must
  not load the vehicle beyond the GAWR (front/rear) and GVWR listed
  on the Safety Compliance Certification Label.
• The total weight of the snowplow and aftermarket equipment must be
  considered part of the payload and must not exceed the GCWR for
  towing.
• Federal and most local regulations require additional exterior lamps
  for snowplow-equipped vehicles. Consult your dealer for additional
  information.
• Tires have their maximum inflation pressure and associated load rating
  imprinted on the tire sidewall. This pressure may or may not be the
  same as that shown as recommended on the vehicle. The vehicle
  operator may have to adjust the tire inflation pressure to
  accommodate the snowplow and payload. Consult your dealer or
  equipment installer for help with proper inflation pressures.
• Federal and some local regulations require additional exterior lamps
  for snowplow-equipped vehicles. Consult your dealer for additional
  information.
• After installing a snowplow to the vehicle, ensure the vehicle’s front
  toe alignment and front ride height are within specification (reset if
  required). These specifications are located in the vehicle’s Workshop
  Manual.
Note: Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.

                                                                    155
  Driving
Removing snowplow
After removing a snowplow from the vehicle, ensure the vehicle’s front
toe alignment and front ride height are within specification (reset if
required).
Snowplowing with your air bag-equipped vehicle
Your vehicle is equipped with a driver and passenger air bag
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) The SRS is designed to activate in
certain frontal and offset frontal collisions when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
Careless or high speed driving while plowing snow which results in
sufficient vehicle decelerations can deploy the air bag. Such driving also
increases the risk of accidents.
      All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
      properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag (SRS) is
provided.

Never remove or defeat the “tripping mechanisms” designed into the
snow removal equipment by its manufacturer. Doing so may cause
damage to the vehicle and the snow removal equipment as well as
possible air bag deployment.
      Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
      Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln Mercury dealer.

       Additional equipment such as snowplow equipment may effect
       the performance of the air bag sensors increasing the risk of
injury. Please refer to the Body Builders Layout Book for instructions
about the appropriate installation of additional equipment.

Engine temperature while plowing
When driving with a snowplow, your engine may run at a higher
temperature than normal because the attached snowplow blade will
restrict airflow to the radiator.
If you are driving more than 24 km (15 miles) at temperatures above
freezing, angle the plow blade either full left or full right to provide
maximum airflow to the radiator.
If you are driving less than 24 km (15 miles) at speeds up to 64 km/h
(40 mph) in cold weather, you will not need to worry about blade
position to provide maximum airflow.

156
                                                            Driving
4WD operation while plowing
• Shift transfer case to 4x4 LOW (4WD Low) when plowing in small
   areas at speeds below 8 km/h (5 mph).
• Shift transfer case to 4x4 HIGH (4WD High) when plowing larger
   areas or light snow at higher speeds. Do not exceed 24 km/h
   (15 mph).
• Do not shift the transmission from a forward gear to R (Reverse) until
   the engine is at idle and the wheels are stopped.
• If the vehicle is stuck, shift the transmission in a steady motion
   between forward and reverse gears. Do not rock the vehicle for more
   than a few minutes. The transmission and tires may be damaged or
   the engine can overheat.
It is the owner’s responsibility to avoid engine overheating which
can cause damage.
Refer to Transmission temperature gauge in the Instrument cluster
chapter for transmission fluid temperature information.
       Do not spin the wheels at over 35 mph (55 km/h). The tires may
       fail and injure a passenger or bystander.




                                                                     157
  Roadside Emergencies
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford Motor
Company offers a complimentary roadside assistance program. This
program is separate from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service
is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the New Vehicle Limited Warranty period of three years or 60,000
   km (36,000 miles), whichever occurs first on Ford and Mercury
   vehicles, and four years or 80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln
   vehicles.
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• limited fuel delivery
• towing of your disabled vehicle to the nearest Ford Motor Company
   dealership, or your selling dealer if within 56.3 km (35 miles) of the
   nearest Ford Motor Company dealership (one tow per disablement).
   Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents or getting stuck in the
   mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply, such as impound
   towing or repossession).
Canadian customers refer to your Owner Information Guide for
information on:
• coverage period
• exact fuel amounts
• towing of your disabled vehicle
• emergency travel expense reimbursement
• travel planning benefits
USING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, the card is
found in the Owner Information Guide in the glove compartment.


158
                                      Roadside Emergencies
U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicle customers who require roadside assistance,
call 1–800–241–3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.
Canadian customers who require roadside assistance, call
1–800–665–2006.
If you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford Motor
Company will reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain reimbursement
information, U.S. Ford or Mercury vehicles customers call
1-800-241-3673; Lincoln vehicle customers call 1–800–521–4140.
Canadian customers who need to obtain reimbursement information, call
1–800–665–2006.
ROADSIDE COVERAGE BEYOND BASIC WARRANTY
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Similarly in Canada, for uninterrupted Roadside Assistance coverage, you
may purchase extended coverage prior to your Basic Warranty’s Roadside
Assistance expiring. For more information and enrollment, contact
1–877–294–2582 or visit our website at www.ford.ca.

HAZARD FLASHER
The hazard flasher is located on the
steering column, just behind the
steering wheel. The hazard flashers
will operate when the ignition is off.
Push in the flasher control and all
front and rear direction signals will
flash. Press the flasher control again
to turn them off. Use it when your
vehicle is disabled and is creating a
safety hazard for other motorists.
Note: With extended use, the flasher may run down your battery.
                                   FUEL
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH          RESET

This device stops the electric fuel pump from sending fuel to the engine
when your vehicle has had a substantial jolt.
After an accident, if the engine cranks but does not start, this switch
may have been activated.

                                                                     159
  Roadside Emergencies
This switch is located in the
passenger’s footwell, by the kick
panel.
To reset the switch:
1. Turn the ignition OFF.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no leaks are apparent, reset the
switch by pushing in on the reset
button.
4. Turn the ignition ON.
5. Wait a few seconds and return
the key to OFF.
6. Make another check of leaks.




FUSES AND RELAYS

Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate                       15

fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
Note: Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire
damage and could start a fire.




160
                                      Roadside Emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
                                COLOR
                                                 Cartridge
   Fuse       Mini      Standard       Maxi                Fuse link
                                                   maxi
  rating      fuses       fuses        fuses               cartridge
                                                   fuses
    2A        Grey         Grey         —            —         —
    3A        Violet       Violet       —            —         —
    4A        Pink         Pink         —            —         —
    5A         Tan          Tan         —            —         —
   7.5A      Brown        Brown         —            —         —
   10A         Red          Red         —            —         —
   15A        Blue         Blue         —            —         —
   20A       Yellow       Yellow      Yellow        Blue      Blue
   25A       Natural      Natural       —            —         —
   30A       Green        Green       Green         Pink      Pink
   40A          —            —        Orange      Green      Green
   50A          —            —         Red          Red       Red
   60A          —            —         Blue          —       Yellow
   70A          —            —         Tan           —       Brown
   80A          —            —        Natural        —       Black

Passenger compartment fuse panel / power distribution box
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove the fuse panel cover,
turn the panel fasteners
counterclockwise.




                                                                      161
  Roadside Emergencies
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller
tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.




The fuses are coded as follows.
 Fuse/Relay     Fuse Amp      Passenger Compartment Fuse Panel
  Location       Rating                     Description
      1           15A*       Adjustable pedals
      2            —         Not used
      3            —         Not used
      4           20A*       Power point - instrument panel
      5            —         Not used
      6           20A*       Trailer tow turn/stop relay
      7           30A*       High beam headlamps/Flash to pass
      8            —         Not used
      9            —         Not used
     10           10A*       A/C clutch
     11           20A*       Radio (main)

162
                                Roadside Emergencies

Fuse/Relay   Fuse Amp     Passenger Compartment Fuse Panel
 Location     Rating                    Description
    12         20A*     Cigar lighter / OBD II
    13          5A*     Power mirrors/switches
    14         15A*     Daytime running lamps (DRL)
    15           —      Not used
    16           —      Not used
    17         15A*     Exterior lamps
    18         20A*     Turn lamps/Brake on-off switch (high)
    19         10A*     Body security module/4x4 module
    20           —      Not used
    21           —      Not used
    22         20A*     Engine control
    23         20A*     Engine control (gasoline engine only)
    24         15A*     Not used (spare)
    25         10A*     4-Wheel Anti-lock Brake System (4WABS)
                        module
    26         10A*     Air bags
    27         15A*     Ignition switch Run feed
    28         10A*     EATC module/Front blower relay coil
    29         10A*     Customer access
    30         15A*     Highbeam headlamps
    31         15A*     Clutch interlock switch (manual
                        transmissions only), Transmission range
                        sensor (automatic transmissions only)
                        then to starter relay coil (all
                        transmissions)
    32          5A*     Radio (start)
    33         15A*     Front wiper
    34         10A*     Brake on-off switch
    35         10A*     Instrument cluster
    36         10A*     PCM Keep-Alive
    37         15A*     Horn
    38         20A*     Trailer tow park lamps and backup lamps

                                                             163
 Roadside Emergencies

 Fuse/Relay   Fuse Amp      Passenger Compartment Fuse Panel
  Location     Rating                     Description
     39           —       Not used
     40         20A*      Fuel pump
     41         10A*      Instrument cluster
     42         15A*      Delayed accessory
     43         10A*      Fog lamps
     44           —       Not used
     45         10A*      Ignition switch Run/Start feed
     46         10A*      Left-hand lowbeam
     47         10A*      Right-hand lowbeam
     48           —       Not used
    101         30A**     Trailer tow electric brake
    102         30A**     Door locks/Body security module
    103         50A**     Ignition switch
    104           —       Not used
    105         30A**     Injector driver module (Diesel engine
                          only)
      106       30A**     Front wiper main
      107       40A**     Front blower motor
      108         —       Not used
      109       30A**     Heated seats
      110       50A**     Ignition switch
      111       30A**     4WD/Shift on the fly
      112       30A**     Left-hand power seats
      113       30A**     Starter motor
      114       30A**     Right-hand power seats
      115       20A**     Trailer tow battery charge
      116       30A**     Ignition switch
      601     30A CB***   Door window motors
      602       60A**     4WABS module
      210         —       Not used
      211         —       Not used


164
                                        Roadside Emergencies

 Fuse/Relay      Fuse Amp     Passenger Compartment Fuse Panel
  Location        Rating                    Description
    212             —       Not used
    301             —       Front blower motor relay
    302             —       Powertrain (EEC) relay
    303             —       Injector driver module relay (Diesel engine
                            only)
     304           —        Not used
     305           —        Trailer tow battery charge relay
     306           —        Delayed accessory relay
     307           —        Starter relay
 * Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses ***Circuit Breaker

CHANGING A FLAT TIRE
If you get a flat tire while driving:
• do not brake heavily.
• gradually decrease the vehicle’s speed.
• hold the steering wheel firmly.
• slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
       The use of tire sealants is not recommended and may
       compromise the integrity of your tires. The use of tire sealants
 may also affect your tire pressure monitoring system (if equipped).


Spare tire information
Your vehicle may be equipped with a spare tire that can be used as
either a spare or a regular tire. The spare tire is not equipped with wheel
trim. The wheel trim from the original wheel/tire may be used on the
spare.
        If your vehicle is equipped with 4WD, a spare tire of a different
        size than the road tires should not be used. Use of such a tire
 could result in damage to driveline components and an increased risk
 of loss of vehicle control, vehicle rollover, personal injury or death.


                                                                          165
  Roadside Emergencies

       If your vehicle is equipped with a tire pressure monitoring
       system, refer to Tire Pressure Monitoring System (if equipped)
in the Maintenance and specifications section for important information
before changing your tires. If the tire pressure monitoring system
becomes damaged, it will no longer function.


Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
                Tool                               Location
  Spare tire (pick-up trucks only)    Under the vehicle, just forward of
                                      the rear bumper
 Jack, jack handle and lug wrench     Regular cab, crew cab and
                                      SuperCab without rear bench seat:
                                      Fastened to floor pan behind
                                      rearmost seat on passenger side
                                      SuperCab with rear bench seat:
                                      Under rear bench on passenger
                                      side
         Key, spare tire lock         In the glove box
Removing the spare tire (with spare tire carrier only)
1. The following tools are required to remove the spare tire:
• one handle extension and one
   typical extension. To assemble,
   align button with hole and slide
   parts together. To disconnect,
   depress button and pull apart.
• one wheel nut wrench. Slide over
   square end of jack handle.




166
                                        Roadside Emergencies
2. Attach the spare tire lock key (A)
to the jack handle (B).




3. Fully insert the jack handle
through the bumper hole and into
the guide tube. The key and lock
will engage with a slight push and
counterclockwise turn. Some
resistance will be felt when turning
the jack handle assembly.
4. Turn the handle counterclockwise
and lower the spare tire until you
can slide the tire rearward and the
cable is slack.
5. Remove the retainer through the center of the wheel.

Tire change procedure
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and set the parking
brake.
• Automatic transmission: Place
   gearshift lever in P (Park).
• Manual transmission: Place
   gearshift lever in R (Reverse).
• Electronic Shift On the Fly 4WD:
   Place transfer case in any
   position.
• Manual shift transfer case 4WD:
   Place transfer case in 2H, 4H or
   4L.




                                                           167
  Roadside Emergencies

       To prevent the vehicle from
       moving when you change a
tire, be sure the parking brake is
set, then block (in both
directions) the wheel that is
diagonally opposite (other side
and end of the vehicle) to the tire
being changed.



2. Turn engine off and block the diagonally opposite wheel (block not
provided).
3. Remove the jack, jack handle, lug wrench and spare tire from the
stowage locations.
4. Use the tip of the lug wrench to remove any wheel trim.
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.




       When one of the rear wheels is off the ground, the transmission
       alone will not prevent the vehicle from moving or slipping off the
jack, even if the transmission is in P (Park) (automatic transmission)
or R (Reverse) (manual transmission). To prevent the vehicle from
moving when you change the tire, be sure that the parking brake is set
and the diagonally opposite wheel is blocked.


       If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
       seriously injured.




168
                                        Roadside Emergencies
The following steps apply to F250/F350 only:
6. Insert the hooked end of the jack
handle into the jack and use the
handle to slide the jack under the
vehicle.
7. Position the jack according to the
following guides:

• Front (4x2)




• Front passenger side (4x4)




• Front driver side (4x4)
Make sure the jack fits into the
notched area next to the differential
housing.




                                                           169
  Roadside Emergencies
• Rear




Never use the front or rear
differential as a jacking point.
      To lessen the risk of
      personal injury, do not put
any part of your body under the
vehicle while changing a tire. Do
not start the engine when your
vehicle is on the jack. The jack is
only meant for changing the tire.


8. Turn the jack handle clockwise
until the wheel is completely off the
ground and high enough to install
the spare tire.
9. Remove the lug nuts with the lug
wrench.
10. On single rear wheel vehicles,
replace the flat tire with the spare
tire, making sure the valve stem is facing outward for all front tires and
vehicles equipped with single rear wheels. If replacing an inboard rear
tire on a dual rear wheel vehicle, the valve stem must be facing outward.
If replacing the outboard wheel, the valve stem must be facing inward.
Reinstall the lug nuts until the wheel is snug against the hub. Do not
fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been lowered.
11. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
Go to step 19.


170
                                 Roadside Emergencies
The following steps apply to F350 Chassis Cab F450/F550 only:
12. Slide the notched end of the
jack handle over the release valve
and use the handle to slide the jack
under the vehicle. Make sure the
valve is closed by turning it
clockwise.
13. Position the jack according to
the following guides:
• Front (4x2) F350




• Front (4x2) F450/550




• Front driver side (4x4)




                                                            171
  Roadside Emergencies
• Front passenger side (4x4)




• Rear




14. Insert the jack handle into the
pump linkage.
15. Use an up-and-down motion
with the jack handle to raise the
wheel completely off the ground.
Hydraulic jacks are equipped
with a pressure release valve
that prevents lifting loads which
exceed the jack’s rated capacity.
16. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
17. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem
is facing outward on all front an inboard rear wheels. If replacing the
outboard wheel, the valve stem must be facing inward. Reinstall the lug
nuts until the wheel is snug against the hub. Do not fully tighten the lug
nuts until the wheel has been lowered.
18. Lower the wheel by slowly turning the release valve
counterclockwise. Opening the release valve slowly will provide a more
controlled rate of descent.

172
                                       Roadside Emergencies
The following steps apply to all vehicles:
19. Remove the jack and fully tighten                       1
the lug nuts in the order shown.
                                                  6            7
20. Stow the flat tire. Refer to
Stowing the spare tire if the vehicle
is equipped with a spare tire carrier.         4                  3
21. Stow the jack, jack handle and
lug wrench. Make sure the jack is
securely fastened so it does not                  8             5
rattle when driving.                                        2
22. Unblock the wheels.
On vehicles equipped with single rear wheels, retighten the lug nuts to
the specified torque at 800 km (500 miles) after any wheel disturbance
(tire rotation, changing a flat tire, wheel removal, etc.).
On vehicles equipped with dual rear wheels, retighten the wheel lug nuts
to the specified torque at 160 km (100 miles), and again at 800 km (500
miles) of new vehicle operation and after any wheel disturbance (tire
rotation, changing a flat tire, wheel removal, etc.).
       Bolt size                     Wheel lug nut torque*
                         Nm                       Lb-ft
M14 x 1.5                200-225                  150-165
* Torque specifications are for nut and bolt threads free of dirt and
rust. Use only Ford recommended replacement fasteners.
On all two-piece flat wheel nuts,
apply one drop of motor oil between
the flat washer and the nut. Do not
apply motor oil to the wheel nut
threads or the wheel stud threads.



        When a wheel is installed, always remove any corrosion, dirt or
        foreign materials present on the mounting surfaces of the wheel or
the surface of the front disc brake hub and rotor that contacts the wheel.
Installing wheels without correct metal-to-metal contact at the wheel
mounting surfaces can cause the wheel nuts to loosen and the wheel to
come off while the vehicle is in motion, resulting in loss of control.


                                                                        173




2003 F250/350/450/550 (f23)
New Owners Guide own2002 (own2002)
USA English (fus)
  Roadside Emergencies
Stowing the flat/spare tire
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the valve stem facing in the direction
specified on the Tire Changing Instructions located with the jack hardware.
2. Slide the wheel partially under the vehicle and install the retainer
through the wheel center. Pull on the cable to align the components at
the end of the cable.
3. Turn the jack handle clockwise until the tire is raised to its stowed
position underneath the vehicle. The effort to turn the jack handle
increases significantly and the spare tire carrier ratchets or slips when
the tire is raised to the maximum tightness. Tighten to the best of your
ability, to the point where the ratchet/slip occurs, if possible. The spare
tire carrier will not allow you to overtighten. If the spare tire carrier
ratchets or slips with little effort, take the vehicle to your dealer for
assistance at your earliest convenience.
4. Check that the tire lies flat against the frame and is properly
tightened. Try to push or pull, then turn the tire to be sure it will not
move. Loosen and retighten, if necessary. Failure to properly stow the
spare tire may result in failure of the winch cable and loss of the tire.
5. Repeat this tightness check procedure when servicing the spare tire
pressure (every six months, per scheduled maintenance guide), or at any
time that the spare tire is disturbed through service of other components.
6. If removed, install the spare tire lock (if equipped) into the bumper
drive tube with the spare tire lock key (if equipped) and jack handle.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
      The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
      sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.

       Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes and
       clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push-start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability; also, the
catalytic converter may become damaged.
Preparing your vehicle
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the
transmission must relearn its shift strategy. As a result, the transmission
may have firm and/or soft shifts. This operation is considered normal and
will not affect function or durability of the transmission. Over time, the
adaptive learning process will fully update transmission operation.

174




2003 F250/350/450/550 (f23)
New Owners Guide own2002 (own2002)
USA English (fus)
                                       Roadside Emergencies
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on both
vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables




                              –
                                   +




                                              –
                                                  +




1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.




                               –
                                   +




                                              –
                                                  +




2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.

                                                                         175




2003 F250/350/450/550 (f23)
New Owners Guide own2002 (own2002)
USA English (fus)
  Roadside Emergencies




                              –

                                  +
                                              –




                                                  +
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.




                              –
                                  +




                                              –
                                                  +




4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker
covers or the intake manifold as grounding points.
      Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
      terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.


5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of
both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.

176




2003 F250/350/450/550 (f23)
New Owners Guide own2002 (own2002)
USA English (fus)
                                        Roadside Emergencies
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.

Removing the jumper cables




                              –
                                  +




                                               –

                                                   +




Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.




                              –
                                  +




                                               –
                                                   +




2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.




                                                                        177
  Roadside Emergencies




                              –


                                  +
                                             –




                                                 +
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.




                              –
                                  +




                                             –
                                                 +




4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.




178
                                       Roadside Emergencies
WRECKER TOWING




If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground and the rear wheels off the ground using a wheel lift or a
slingbelt with T-hooks.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift or flatbed equipment with all the wheels off the ground.
However, a slingbelt with T-hooks and a wheel dolly can also be used if
all four wheels are off the ground.




                                                                       179
  Roadside Emergencies
An alternative for towing a 4x4 vehicle is to:
• put the transfer case in neutral. On manual 4WD systems, put the
   4WD shift lever in N (Neutral); on electronic shift on the fly 4WD
   systems, press the 2WD portion of the 4WD control.
• unlock the front hub locks (refer to Four wheel drive [4WD]
   Operation [if equipped] in the Driving chapter).
• lift the rear wheels of the vehicle using a wheel lift or a sling belt with
   T-hooks.
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
Ford Motor Company produces a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.




180
                                          Customer Assistance
GETTING THE SERVICES YOU NEED
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. It is preferred that you return to the authorized
dealer where your vehicle was purchased when warranty repairs are
needed. However, you may also take your vehicle to another Ford Motor
Company or Ford of Canada dealership authorized for warranty repairs.
Certain warranty repairs require special training though, so not all
dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs. That means that
depending on the warranty repair needed, the vehicle may need to be
taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership cannot assist you, then
contact the Customer Relationship Center.
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you
are receiving, follow these steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your
selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales
Manager or Service Manager at the dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at the dealership level,
please contact the Ford Customer Relationship Center.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when
your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the
Ford Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to
help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
www.ford.com



                                                                       181
  Customer Assistance
In Canada:
Customer Relationship Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
www.ford.ca
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle
needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could
provide, after following the steps described above, contact the Ford
Customer Relationship Center to find an authorized dealership to help
you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
www.ford.com
In Canada:
Customer Relationship Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
www.ford.ca
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln Mercury vehicle, please
have the following information available when contacting a Customer
Relationship Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.).

182
                                         Customer Assistance
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing
before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also
allowed a final repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
FORD EXTENDED SERVICE PLAN
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides the following:
• Benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you
   purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain
   maintenance and wear items).
• Protection against covered repair costs after your Bumper-to-Bumper
   Warranty expires.
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln
Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in
various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored
to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement
benefits for towing and rental coverage.
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection
throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of
more than 5,000 participating Ford or Lincoln Mercury and Ford of
Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options, or visit the Ford ESP website at
www.ford-esp.com.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. ONLY)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes.

                                                                      183
  Customer Assistance
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
   vehicles.
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance concerns as
on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln Mercury light
trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written new vehicle
warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
   with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
   designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
   service or product concern is being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
   maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
   (except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
   review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility
is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.




184
                                        Customer Assistance
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• Three consumer representatives
• A Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return
receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• The file number assigned to your application.
• The toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator.
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be
asked to submit statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• Legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
   relevant to the case.
• The year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
   on your vehicle ownership license.
• The date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s).
• The current mileage.
• The name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle.
• A brief description of your unresolved concern.
• A brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
   Company.
• The names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
   dealership(s).
• A description of the action you expect to resolve your concern.
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation

                                                                     185
  Customer Assistance
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. An oral presentation
may be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to
consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer Relationship Center
at 1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952
or by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Relationship Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM
(CANADA ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and
the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party
mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).

186
                                         Customer Assistance
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy
alternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a
settlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is
designed to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal
proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct
hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal
environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve
disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces. For more
information, without charge or obligation, call your CAMVAP Provincial
Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer relationship office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper
fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804

                                                                      187
  Customer Assistance
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio, contact Helm, Incorporated at:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
Or call:
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST
Helm, Incorporated can also be reached by their website:
www.helminc.com.
(Items in this catalog may be purchased by credit card, check or
money order.)
Obtaining a French owner’s guide
French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box
1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.
IN CALIFORNIA (U.S. ONLY)
California Civil Code Section 1793.2(d) requires that, if a manufacturer
or its representative is unable to repair a motor vehicle to conform to the
vehicle’s applicable express warranty after a reasonable number of
attempts, the manufacturer shall be required to either replace the
vehicle with one substantially identical or repurchase the vehicle and
reimburse the buyer in an amount equal to the actual price paid or
payable by the consumer (less a reasonable allowance for consumer
use). The consumer has the right to choose whether to receive a refund
or replacement vehicle.



188
                                           Customer Assistance
California Civil Code Section 1793.22(b) presumes that the manufacturer
has had a reasonable number of attempts to conform the vehicle to its
applicable express warranties if, within the first 18 months of ownership
of a new vehicle or the first 29,000 km (18,000 miles), whichever occurs
first:
1. Two or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity
likely to cause death or serious bodily injury OR
2. Four or more repair attempts are made on the same nonconformity (a
defect or condition that substantially impairs the use, value or safety of
the vehicle) OR
3. The vehicle is out of service for repair of nonconformities for a total of
more than 30 calendar days (not necessarily all at one time)
In the case of 1 or 2 above, the consumer must also notify the
manufacturer of the need for the repair of the nonconformity at the
following address:
Ford Motor Company
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
Mail Drop 3NE-B
Dearborn, MI 48126
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect which could cause a crash
or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Ford Motor
Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at
1–800–424–9393 (or 366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.


                                                                          189
  Cleaning
WASHING THE EXTERIOR
Wash your vehicle regularly with cool or lukewarm water and a neutral
Ph shampoo, such as Detail Wash (ZC-3–A), which is available from your
dealer.
• Never use strong household detergents or soap, such as dish washing
  or laundry liquid. These products can discolor and spot painted
  surfaces.
• Never wash a vehicle that is “hot to the touch” or during exposure to
  strong, direct sunlight.
• Always use a clean sponge or carwash mitt with plenty of water for
  best results.
• Dry the vehicle with a chamois or soft terry cloth towel in order to
  eliminate water spotting.
• It is especially important to wash the vehicle regularly during the
  winter months, as dirt and road salt are difficult to remove and cause
  damage to the vehicle.
• Immediately remove items such as gasoline, diesel fuel, bird droppings
  and insect deposits because they can cause damage to the vehicle’s
  paintwork and trim over time.
• Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a
  car wash.
• Suntan lotions and insect repellents can damage any painted
  surface; if these substances come in contact with your vehicle,
  wash off as soon as possible.
• If your vehicle is equipped with running boards, do not use
  rubber, plastic and vinyl protectant products on the running
  board surface, as the area may become slippery.
WAXING
Applying a polymer paint sealant to your vehicle every six months will
assist in reducing minor scratches and paint damage.
• Wash the vehicle first.
• Do not use waxes that contain abrasives.
• Do not allow paint sealant to come in contact with any non-body
   (low-gloss black) colored trim, such as grained door handles, roof
   racks, bumpers, side moldings, mirror housings or the windshield cowl
   area. The paint sealant will “gray” or stain the parts over time.

190
                                                            Cleaning
PAINT CHIPS
Your dealer has touch-up paint and sprays to match your vehicle’s color.
Take your color code (printed on a sticker in the driver’s door jam) to
your dealer to ensure you get the correct color.
• Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect deposits, tar
  spots, road salt and industrial fallout before repairing paint chips.
• Always read the instructions before using the products.

ALUMINUM WHEELS AND COVERS
Aluminum wheel rims or covers are coated with a clearcoat paint finish.
In order to maintain their shine:
• Clean with Motorcraft Wheel and Tire Cleaner (ZC-37–A), which is
  available from your dealer.
• Never apply any cleaning chemical to hot or warm wheel rims or
  covers.
• Some automatic car washes may cause damage to the finish on your
  wheel rims or covers. Chemical-strength cleaners, or cleaning
  chemicals, in combination with brush agitation to remove brake dust
  and dirt, could wear away the clearcoat finish over time.
• Do not use hydrofluoric acid-based or high caustic-based wheel
  cleaners, steel wool, fuels or strong household detergent.
• To remove tar and grease, use Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil
  Removal (B7A-19520–AA), available from your dealer.
ENGINE
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The
  high-pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause
  damage.
• Do not spray a hot engine with cold water to avoid cracking the
  engine block or other engine components.
• Spray Motorcraft Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (ZC-20) on all parts
  that require cleaning and pressure rinse clean.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
  the engine.

                                                                      191
  Cleaning




• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
  running engine may cause internal damage.
PLASTIC (NON-PAINTED) EXTERIOR PARTS
Use only approved products to clean plastic parts. These products are
available from your dealer.
• For routine cleaning, use Detail Wash (ZC-3–A).
• If tar or grease spots are present, use Ford Extra Strength Tar and
  Road Oil Removal (B7A-19520–AA).
WINDOWS AND WIPER BLADES
The windshield, rear window and wiper blades should be cleaned
regularly. If the wiper does not wipe properly, substances on the
windshield, rear window or the wiper blades may be the cause. These
may include hot wax treatments used by commercial car washes, tree
sap, or other organic contamination. To clean these items, please follow
these tips:
• The windshield or rear window may be cleaned with a non-abrasive
  cleaner such as Motorcraft Ultra Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (ZC-23),
  available from your dealer.
• Do not use abrasives, as they may cause scratches.
• Do not use fuel, kerosene, or paint thinner to clean any parts.
• Wiper blades can be cleaned with isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol or
  windshield washer solution. Be sure to replace wiper blades when they
  appear worn or do not function properly.


192
                                                             Cleaning
INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CLUSTER LENS
Clean the instrument panel with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
• Avoid cleaners or polish that increase the gloss of the upper portion of
  the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the
  driver from undesirable windshield reflection.
        Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
        the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of
 the air bag system.

• Be certain to wash or wipe your hands clean if you have been in
  contact with certain products such as insect repellent and suntan
  lotion in order to avoid possible damage to the painted surfaces.
WOOD-TONE TRIM
• Clean the area with a damp cloth, then dry by wiping with a dry, soft,
  clean cloth.
• Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may damage the
  finish.
INTERIOR
For fabric, carpets, cloth seats and safety belts:
• Remove dust and loose dirt with a vacuum cleaner.
• Remove light stains and soil with Ford Extra Strength Upholstery
  Cleaner (E8AZ-19523–AA).
• If grease or tar is present on the material, spot-clean the area first
  with Motorcraft Spot and Stain Remover (ZC-14).
• Never saturate the seat covers with cleaning solution.
• Do not use household cleaning products or glass cleaners, which can
  stain and discolor the fabric and affect the flame retardant abilities of
  the seat materials.
       Do not use cleaning solvents, bleach or dye on the vehicle’s
       seatbelts, as these actions may weaken the belt webbing.




                                                                        193
  Cleaning
LEATHER SEATS (IF EQUIPPED)
Your leather seating surfaces have a clear, protective coating over the
leather.
• To clean, use a soft cloth with Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl
   Cleaner (ZC-11–A). Dry the area with a soft cloth.
• To help maintain its resiliency and color, use the Motorcraft Deluxe
   Leather Care Kit (ZC-11–D), available from your authorized dealer.
• Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions, solvents or
   cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl and plastics, or oil/petroleum-based
   leather conditioners. These products may cause premature wearing of
   the clear, protective coating.
UNDERBODY
Flush the complete underside of your vehicle frequently. Keep body and
door drain holes free from packed dirt.
FORD, LINCOLN AND MERCURY CAR CARE PRODUCTS
Your Ford, Lincoln or Mercury dealer has many quality products available
to clean your vehicle and protect its finishes. These quality products
have been specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they
are custom designed to complement the style and appearance of your
vehicle. Each product is made from high quality materials that meet or
exceed rigid specifications. For best results, use the following products
or products of equivalent quality:
Motorcraft Custom Clearcoat Polish (ZC–8–A)
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant* (not available in Canada)
(F2AZ—19530–A)
Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only) (CXC-93)
Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only) (CXC-94)
Motorcraft Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not available in Canada)
(ZC-11–A)
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover* (not available in
Canada) (B7A-19520–AA)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not available in Canada)
(E8AZ-19523–AA)
Motorcraft Custom Bright Metal Cleaner (ZC-15)
Motorcraft Wheel and Tire Cleaner (ZC-37–A)
Motorcraft Dash and Vinyl Cleaner (ZC-38–A)
Motorcraft Car Care Kit (ZC-26)
Ford Premium Car Wash Concentrate (F2SZ-19523–WC)

194
                                                          Cleaning
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner (Canada only) (CXC-100)
Motorcraft Spot and Stain Remover (ZC-14)
Motorcraft Tire Detailer (ZC-28)
Motorcraft Triple Clean (ZC-13)
Motorcraft Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available in Canada)
(ZC-23)
Motorcraft Engine Shampoo and Degreaser (ZC-20)
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name




                                                                       195
  Maintenance and Specifications
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
   location.
• We provide a scheduled maintenance guide which makes tracking
   routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
the necessary parts and service. Check your Warranty Guide/Owner
Information Guide to find out which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• Make sure that nothing gets caught in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
  space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all open flames and other burning (cigarettes) material away
  from the battery and all fuel related parts.
Working with the engine off
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and shift to P (Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1
(First).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels.




196
                          Maintenance and Specifications
Working with the engine on
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and shift to P (Park).
2. Block the wheels.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in N
(Neutral).
2. Block the wheels.
Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not
remove it while the engine is running.

OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom left corner of the instrument
panel.
                                                  HOOD




2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch located
under the right center of the hood.
Slide the handle to release the
auxiliary latch.
3. Lift the hood until the lift
cylinders hold it open.




                                                                      197
  Maintenance and Specifications
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT

5.4L V8/6.8L V10 gasoline engines
Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel
Owner’s Guide Supplement for diesel engine component locations.




1. Engine oil dipstick
2. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
3. Brake fluid reservoir
4. Power steering fluid reservoir
5. Air filter assembly
6. Engine coolant reservoir
7. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
8. Battery
9. Engine oil filler cap
10. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)




198
                           Maintenance and Specifications
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Add fluid to fill the reservoir if the
level is low. In very cold weather, do
not fill the reservoir completely.
Only use a washer fluid that meets
Ford specification WSB-M8B16–A2.
Refer to Lubricant specifications
in this chapter.



State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the
use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used
only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the
vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
       If you operate your vehicle in temperatures below 4.5° C
       (40° F), use washer fluid with antifreeze protection. Failure to
 use washer fluid with antifreeze protection in cold weather could result
 in impaired windshield vision and increase the risk of injury or
 accident.

Note: Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer
fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling system
components.

ENGINE OIL

Checking the engine oil
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park) (automatic transmission) or 1 (First) (manual transmission).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.

                                                                       199
  Maintenance and Specifications
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).




6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks, the oil level is
   acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN
   mark, add enough oil to raise the
   level within the MIN-MAX range.




• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
   must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.

200
                            Maintenance and Specifications
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
1/4 of a turn until three clicks are heard or until the cap is fully seated.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.

Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification
trademark.




SAE 5W-20 engine oil is recommended.
Only use oils “Certified For Gasoline Engines” by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Use Motorcraft or an equivalent oil meeting
Ford specification WSS-M2C153–H. SAE 5W-20 oil provides optimum
fuel economy and durability performance meeting all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the scheduled maintenance guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.

                                                                           201
  Maintenance and Specifications
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.




However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
When the battery is disconnected or a new battery installed, the
transmission must learn its adaptive strategy. As a result of this, the
transmission may shift firmly. This operation is considered normal and
will fully update transmission operation to its optimum shift feel.
        Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
        personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
 substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
 always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
 ventilation.


202
                          Maintenance and Specifications

       When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
       end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.

      Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
      acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.

       Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and
       lead compounds. Wash hands after handling.

For information on transmission operation after the battery has been
disconnected see “Shift strategy” in the driving section.
Because your vehicle’s engine is also electronically controlled by a
computer, some control conditions are maintained by power from the
battery. When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed,
the engine must relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum
driveability and performance. To begin this process:
1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
6. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
   relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle
   quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle
   trim is eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.

                                                                      203
  Maintenance and Specifications
• Always dispose of automotive




                                                                 RE
                                               AD
  batteries in a responsible manner.




                                                                   TU
  Follow your local authorized




                                             LE




                                                                      RN
  standards for disposal. Call your
  local authorized recycling center
  to find out more about recycling
  automotive batteries.

                                                     RECYCLE


ENGINE COOLANT

Checking engine coolant
The concentration and level of engine coolant should be checked at the
mileage intervals listed in the scheduled maintenance guide. The coolant
concentration should be maintained at 50/50 coolant and distilled water,
which equates to a freeze point of -36° C (-34° F). Coolant concentration
testing is possible with a hydrometer or antifreeze tester (such as the
Rotunda Battery and Antifreeze Tester, 014–R1060). The level of coolant
should be maintained at the “cold full” of “cold fill range” level in the
coolant reservoir. If the level falls below, add coolant per the instructions
in the Adding engine coolant section.
Your vehicle was factory-filled with a 50/50 engine coolant and water
concentration. If the concentration of coolant falls below 40% or above
60%, the engine parts could become damaged or not work properly. A
50–50 mixture of coolant and water provides the following:
• Freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• Boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
• Protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.
• Enables calibrated gauges to work properly.




204
                           Maintenance and Specifications
When the engine is cold, check the
level of the engine coolant in the
reservoir.




                                                     MAX
                                                         COLD FILL
                                                          RANGE
                                                     MIN

• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill level” or within the “cold
  fill range” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir (depending upon
  application).
• Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for service interval
  schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your
  vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is
low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding
engine coolant in this chapter.
Note: Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified
function and vehicle location.

Adding engine coolant
When adding coolant, make sure it is a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant
and distilled water. Add the mixture to the coolant reservoir, when the
engine is cool, until the appropriate fill level is obtained.
       Do not add engine coolant when the engine is hot. Steam and
       scalding liquids released from a hot cooling system can burn you
badly. Also, you can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.



                                                                          205
  Maintenance and Specifications

     Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid
     container. If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could
make it difficult to see through the windshield.

The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with either green-colored
Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant meeting Ford specification
ESE-M97B44–A or yellow-colored Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine
Coolant meeting Ford Specification WSS-M97B51–A1. To determine your
vehicle’s coolant type (color), check your coolant reservoir.
• Add Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant (green-colored),
   VC-4–A (U.S.) or CXC-10 (Canada) or Motorcraft Premium
   Gold Engine Coolant (yellow-colored), VC-7–A (VC-7–B in
   Oregon), depending on the type of coolant originally equipped
   in your vehicle. If you are unsure which type of coolant your vehicle
   requires, check your coolant reservoir or contact your local dealer.
Note: Use of Motorcraft Cooling System Stop Leak Pellets, VC-6,
darkens the color of Motorcraft Premium Gold Engine Coolant from
yellow to golden tan.
• Do not add/mix an orange-colored, extended life coolant such
   as Motorcraft Speciality Orange Engine Coolant, VC-2 (US) or
   CXC-209 (Canada), meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D
   with the factory-filled coolant. Mixing Motorcraft Speciality Orange
   Engine Coolant or any orange-colored extended life product with your
   factory filled coolant can result in degraded corrosion protection.
• A large amount of water without engine coolant may be added, in case
   of emergency, to reach a vehicle service location. In this instance, the
   cooling system must be drained and refilled with a 50/50 mixture of
   engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible. Water alone
   (without engine coolant) can cause engine damage from corrosion,
   overheating or freezing.
• Do not use alcohol, methanol, brine or any engine coolants
   mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze (coolant). Alcohol
   and other liquids can cause engine damage from overheating or
   freezing.
• Do not add extra inhibitors or additives to the coolant. These
   can be harmful and compromise the corrosion protection of the engine
   coolant.
• Do not mix with recycled coolant unless from a Ford-approved
   recycling process (see Use of Recycled engine coolant section).

206
                           Maintenance and Specifications
For vehicles with overflow coolant systems with a non-pressurized cap
on the coolant recovery system, add coolant to the coolant recovery
reservoir when the engine is cool. Add the proper mixture of coolant and
water to the “cold full” level. For all other vehicles, which have a coolant
degas system with a pressurized cap, or if it is necessary to remove the
coolant pressure relief cap on the radiator of a vehicle with an overflow
system, follow these steps to add engine coolant.
       To reduce the risk of personal injury, make sure the engine is
       cool before unscrewing the coolant pressure relief cap. The
 cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out
 forcefully when the cap is loosened slightly.

1. Before you begin, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the coolant
pressure relief cap on the coolant reservoir (an opaque plastic bottle).
Slowly turn cap counterclockwise (left) until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
5. Fill the coolant reservoir slowly with the proper coolant mixture (see
above), to within the “cold fill range” or the “cold full” level on the
reservoir. If you removed the radiator cap in an overflow system, fill the
radiator until the coolant is visible and radiator is almost full.
6. Replace the cap. Turn until tightly installed. (Cap must be tightly
installed to prevent coolant loss.)
After any coolant has been added, check the coolant concentration, refer
to Checking Engine Coolant section. If the concentration is not 50/50
(protection to –34° F/–36° C), drain some coolant and adjust the
concentration. It may take several drains and additions to obtain a 50/50
coolant concentration.
Whenever coolant has been added, the coolant level in the coolant
reservoir should be checked the next few times you drive the vehicle. If
necessary, add enough 50/50 concentration of engine coolant and
distilled water to bring the liquid level to the proper level.
If you have to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per
month, have your dealer check the engine cooling system. Your cooling
system may have a leak. Operating an engine with a low level of coolant
can result in engine overheating and possible engine damage.

                                                                        207
  Maintenance and Specifications
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes in vehicles originally equipped
with Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant (green-colored). However, not
all coolant recycling processes produce coolant that meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44–A. Use of such coolant may harm the engine
and cooling system components.
Ford Motor Company does NOT recommend the use of recycled engine
coolant in vehicles originally equipped with Motorcraft Premium Gold
Engine Coolant since a Ford-approved recycling process is not yet
available.

      Used engine coolant should be disposed of in an appropriate
manner. Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling
and disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in this chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant
in this chapter.
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C [–34° F]):
• It may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration
   above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• Increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will
   decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine
   coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
   coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
   freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the
   winter months.
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• It is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration
   above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.

208
                           Maintenance and Specifications
• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
  decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine
  coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
  decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
  coolant and may cause engine damage.
• Refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
  coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
  protection at the temperatures in which you drive.
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system
and engine protection.
What you should know about fail-safe cooling (if equipped)
If the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle to
be driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.
The “fail-safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle load
and terrain.
How fail-safe cooling works
If the engine begins to overheat:
• The engine coolant temperature
   gauge will move to the red (hot)
   area.
• The           and         symbol will
   illuminate.
• The Service Engine Soon
   indicator light will illuminate.
If the engine reaches a preset
over-temperature condition, the engine will automatically switch to
alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled cylinder acts as an air
pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs the vehicle will still operate. However:
• The engine power will be limited.
• The air conditioning system will be disabled.
Continued operation will increase the engine temperature and the engine
will completely shut down, causing steering and braking effort to
increase.

                                                                        209
  Maintenance and Specifications
Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
When fail-safe mode is activated
You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the
vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high-speed
operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is
capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine
damage, therefore:
1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.
2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.
3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.
4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.
       Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
       running or hot.

5. Re-start the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.
Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem
increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a
service facility as soon as possible.

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS

Important safety precautions
       Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
       may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.

      The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
      venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.

      If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
      vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.


210
                          Maintenance and Specifications

       Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
       mishandled.


       Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing agent.


Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
  and any open flames before
  fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
  fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
  or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as gasoline is highly toxic and if
  swallowed can cause death or permanent injury. If fuel is swallowed,
  call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are immediately
  apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
  can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
  excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
  illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
  remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
  seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
  lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
  splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
  clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
  prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
  disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
  or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
  individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
  splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
  water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
  reaction.

                                                                       211
  Maintenance and Specifications

       When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
       sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.

     The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
     electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.

Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle (including the
  cargo area).
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
  filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
  position.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off
feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator comes on and stays
on after you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap
properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may

212
                          Maintenance and Specifications
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
      The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
      venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.

      If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
      vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel cap to disengage in a collision, which may result in possible
personal injury.

Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use

                                                          87
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with
pump (R+M)/2 octane rating of 87.
We do not recommend the use of                              (R+M)/2 METHOD
gasolines labeled as “Regular” that
are sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly

                                                                          213
  Maintenance and Specifications
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane
rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.
Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your
fuel may not be covered by your warranty.
Many of the world’s automakers
issued the World-wide Fuel Charter
that recommends gasoline
specifications to provide improved
performance and emission control
system protection for your vehicle.
Gasolines that meet the World-wide
Fuel Charter should be used when
available. Ask your fuel supplier
about gasolines that meet the
World-wide Fuel Charter. In Canada,
look for fuels that display the Auto Makers’ Choice logo.
Cleaner air
Ford endorses the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to
improve air quality.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse
affect on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after
   refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to
   the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come on. For more
   information on the “Service Engine Soon” indicator, refer to the
   Instrument cluster chapter.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate
intervals for changing the fuel filter.

214
                           Maintenance and Specifications
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fill-ups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1,600 km (1,000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3,000 km–5,000 km (2,000 miles-3,000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill capacities
section of this chapter.
The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the
empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the
amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates
empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of fuel remaining in the fuel
tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of usable fuel in the empty reserve varies and should
not be relied upon to increase driving range. When refueling your
vehicle after the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be
able to refuel the full amount of the advertised capacity of the
fuel tank due to the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Turn the engine/ignition switch to the off position prior to refueling,
   an error in the reading will result if the engine is left running.
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
   the tank is filled.
• Allow no more than 2 automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
   same direction each time you fill up.

                                                                         215
  Maintenance and Specifications
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
   Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
   traveled.
   Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
  economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
  fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
  less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).

216
                          Maintenance and Specifications
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if
  unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.
  Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel
  economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
  reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
  economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
  economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant specifications in
  this chapter.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
  recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
  found in your vehicle scheduled maintenance guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
  at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
  0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
  deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
  reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
  12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
  driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
  cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.

                                                                       217
  Maintenance and Specifications
• Four-wheel-drive operation (if equipped) is less fuel efficient than
  two-wheel-drive operation.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)
expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy
may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only the specified fuel listed.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
    high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your scheduled maintenance guide performed
    according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the scheduled maintenance
guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
     Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
     ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.

Illumination of the “Service Engine Soon” light, charging system warning
light or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke
or loss of engine power, could indicate that the emission control system
is not working properly.

218
                           Maintenance and Specifications

       Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
       lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.

Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your Warranty Guide for complete emission warranty
information.

Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning lights and
chimes section of the Instrument cluster chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
  at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.




                                                                        219
  Maintenance and Specifications
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid.
Refer to the scheduled maintenance
guide for the service interval
schedules. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCON ATF.




Check the fluid level when it is at ambient temperature, 20° – 80° F
(-7° – 25° C):
1. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. It should be between the arrows
in the FULL COLD range. Do not add fluid if the level is within this
range.
2. If the fluid level is low, start the engine.
3. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
4. Turn the engine off.
5. Recheck the fluid level on the dipstick. Do not add fluid if the level is
between the arrows in the FULL COLD range.
6. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the FULL COLD range. Be sure to put the
dipstick back in the reservoir.




220
                          Maintenance and Specifications
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
scheduled maintenance guide for
the service interval schedules.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.



2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid from
a clean un-opened container until
                                                      MAX
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specification ESA-M6C25–A. Refer to Lubricant
specifications in this chapter.
        Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
        with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.

       If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
       permanent damage to your brakes.

       Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
       may cause the brakes to fail.


CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
Check the clutch fluid level. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide
for the service interval schedules.
Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid designed to meet Ford specification
ESA-M6C25–A. Refer to Lubricant Specifications in this chapter.

                                                                        221
  Maintenance and Specifications

        Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
        with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical if irritation
 persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting. Seek
 medical attention immediately.

During normal operation, the fluid level in the clutch reservoir should
remain constant or rise slightly. If the fluid level drops, refill the fluid
level to the step in the reservoir.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt and water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Remove cap and rubber
diaphragm from reservoir.
3. Add fluid until the level reaches
the step in the reservoir.
4. Reinstall rubber diaphragm and
cap onto reservoir.




TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid (if equipped)
Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been

222
                            Maintenance and Specifications
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is               ADD   COLD                 HOT               DO NOT ADD

above 10°C (50°F).

                                                          DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT   IDLING IN PARK




Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.




                                                                                                                       223
  Maintenance and Specifications
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C                   ADD    COLD                 HOT               DO NOT ADD

[150°F-170°F]).

                                                       DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT   IDLING IN PARK




The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).                  ADD   COLD                 HOT                DO NOT ADD




                                                       DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT   IDLING IN PARK




High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission     ADD   COLD                 HOT                DO NOT ADD

fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.                                       DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT   IDLING IN PARK




High fluid levels can be caused by
an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in this chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 ml (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.                                ADD  COLD    HOT   DO NOT ADD


An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement                                DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT   IDLING IN PARK




concerns and/or possible
damage.

224
                            Maintenance and Specifications
Do not use supplemental transmission fluid additives, treatments or
cleaning agents. The use of these materials may affect transmission
operation and result in damage to internal transmission components.

Checking and adding manual transmission fluid (if equipped)
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.




3. Fluid level should be at the
bottom of the opening.
4. Add enough fluid through the
filler opening so that the fluid level
is at the bottom of the opening.
5. Install and tighten the fill plug
securely.



Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant
Specifications in this chapter.




                                                                      225
  Maintenance and Specifications
Checking and adding transfer case fluid (if equipped)
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.




3. Add only enough fluid through
the filler opening so that the fluid
level is at the bottom of the
opening.




Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant
Specifications in this chapter.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for maintenance
intervals. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal joints
equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
AIR FILTER MAINTENANCE
Refer to the scheduled maintenance guide for the appropriate intervals
for changing the air filter element.
When changing the air filter element, use only the Motorcraft air filter
element listed. Refer to Motorcraft Part Numbers.

226
                          Maintenance and Specifications
Note: Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do not
remove it while the engine is running.
Changing the air filter element (gasoline engines only)
1. Loosen the clamp that secures
the air filter element in place.




2. Carefully separate the two halves
of the air filter housing.
3. Remove the air filter element
from the open end of the air filter
housing.




4. Install a new air filter element, ensuring the arrow on the top half of
the air filter housing lines up with the notch on the bottom half of air
filter housing. Be careful not to crimp the filter element edges between
the air filter housing. This could cause filter damage and allow
unmetered air to enter the engine if not properly seated.
5. Replace the two halves of the air filter housing and secure the clamp.
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have a rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades. The Quality
grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall
between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For
example:

                                                                       227
  Maintenance and Specifications
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United
States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger
cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climates.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. The
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
       The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
       straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
 acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.


Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance

228
                          Maintenance and Specifications
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
      The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
      is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.


SERVICING YOUR TIRES

Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
  parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km (3
  miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
  Certification Label. Tire pressure information can also be found on the
  Tire Information label located on the inside of the fuel filler door.
       Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
       suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control, vehicle
rollover and/or personal injury.




                                                                       229
  Maintenance and Specifications
Tire inflation information
The F450 and F550 vehicles are equipped with a tire that is an all-steel
radial. All-steel radial tires utilize steel cords in the sidewalls, and also
require increased inflation pressures of up to 95 psi. As such, they
cannot be treated like normal light truck tires. Tire service, including
adjusting tire pressure, must be performed by personnel trained,
supervised and equipped according to Federal Occupational Safety and
Health Administration (OSHA) regulations. For example, during any
procedure involving tire inflation, the technician or individual must
utilize a remote inflation device, and insure that all persons are clear of
the trajectory area.




        WARNING An inflated tire and rim can be very dangerous if
        improperly used, serviced or maintained. To avoid serious injury,
 never attempt to re-inflate a tire which has been run flat or seriously
 under-inflated without first removing the tire from the wheel assembly
 for inspection. Do not attempt to add air to tires or replace tires or
 wheels without first taking precautions to protect persons and
 property.


Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the scheduled maintenance guide. If you notice that
the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheel.

230
                       Maintenance and Specifications
• Four tire rotation




• Five tire rotation




                                                    231
  Maintenance and Specifications
• DRW – Six tire rotation
If you vehicle is equipped with dual
rear wheels it is recommended that
front and rear tires (in pairs) be
rotated only side to side, with the
rear tires maintaining original
vehicle position. After tire rotation,
inflation pressures must be adjusted
for the tires new positions in
accordance with vehicle
requirements.




Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads. Due to exposure to the
elements and exhaust you should
replace the spare tire when you
replace the other tires.


        When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
        bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
 Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
 rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
 recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
 your vehicle handling may be effected which can lead to loss of vehicle
 control, vehicle rollover and/or personal injury.




232
                           Maintenance and Specifications

       Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
       load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”,
 “Touring”, etc.), as originally offered by Ford.

       Do not replace your tires with “high performance” tires or larger
       size tires.

       Failure to follow these precautions, your vehicle handling may be
       adversely effected which can lead to loss of vehicle control,
 vehicle rollover and/or personal injury.

Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
       Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
       currently have on your vehicle.

The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended that steel
wheels (of the same size and specifications) be used, as chains may chip
aluminum wheels.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
   wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
   vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
   the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
   tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
   damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
   using snow tires and chains.

                                                                         233
  Maintenance and Specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component*                   5.4L V8 engine       6.8L V10 engine
Air filter element           FA-1634              FA-1634
Fuel filter                  FG-986B              FG-986B
Oil filter                   FL-820-S             FL-820-S
PCV valve                    EV-233               EV-233
Battery (Standard)           BXT-65-650           BXT-65-650
Battery (Optional)           BXT-65-750           BXT-65-750
Spark plugs-platinum**       AGSF-22W             AGSF-22W
*Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel
Owner’s Guide Supplement for Motorcraft diesel engine service part
numbers.
**Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.

REFILL CAPACITIES
                    Ford Part
      Fluid                           Application         Capacity
                      Name
Front axle        Hypoid Gear Oil   F-250/350         2.7L (5.8 pints)
                  SAE 90            (Dana 60 axle)
                                    F-350/450/550     2.7L (5.8 pints)
                                    (Dana 60 axle)
            1,2
Rear axle         Motorcraft SAE    F-250 /350        3.3L (6.9 pints)
                  75W-140           (10.50 inch
                  Synthetic Rear    axle)
                  Axle Lubricant
                  Motorcraft SAE    F-350/450         4.0L (8.5 pints)
                  75W-90            (DANA 80)
                  Synthetic Rear
                  Axle Lubricant
                  Motorcraft SAE    F-550             11.6L (24.5
                  80W-90            (Dana 135)        pints)
                  Premium Rear
                  Axle Lubricant


234
                         Maintenance and Specifications

                      Ford Part
     Fluid                             Application         Capacity
                         Name
Brake fluid (and Motorcraft High All                  Fill to line or
clutch fluid-if    Performance                        step (for clutch)
equipped)          DOT 3 Motor                        on reservoir
                   Vehicle Brake
                   Fluid
                 3
Engine coolant     Motorcraft        5.4L V8 engine 25.0L (26.4
                   Premium Engine with A/C            quarts)
                   Coolant
                   (green-colored)
                   or Motorcraft     6.8L V10 engine 27.0L (28.5
                   Premium Gold                       quarts)
                   Engine Coolant
                   (yellow-colored)
Engine oil         Motorcraft SAE All                 5.7L (6.0
(includes filter   5W-20 Premium                      quarts)
change)-Gas        Synthetic Blend
engines            Motor Oil
Engine oil         Refer to your 7.3L Diesel Supplement
(includes filter
change)-Diesel
engine




                                                                    235
     Maintenance and Specifications

                        Ford Part
         Fluid                          Application          Capacity
                          Name
    Fuel tank        N/A              Mid-ship tank      71.9L (19.0
                                      (optional on       gallons)
                                      Chassis Cab)
                                      Right side         87.1L (23.0
                                      saddle mounted     gallons)
                                      tank (optional
                                      on Chassis Cab)
                                      Short box          109.8L (29.0
                                                         gallons)
                                      Long box           143.9L (38.0
                                                         gallons)
                                      Aft axle           151.4L (40.0
                                                         gallons)
    Power steering   Motorcraft       All                Fill to line on
    fluid            MERCON ATF                          reservoir
    Transfer case    Motorcraft       4x4 vehicles       1.9L (2.0
    fluid            MERCON ATF                          quarts)
    Transmission     Motorcraft       6-speed manual     5.5L (5.8
    fluid 4          MERCON ATF                          quarts) 5
                                      Automatic          16.7L (17.7
                                                         quarts) 6
    Windshield       Motorcraft       All                4.0L (4.25
    washer fluid     Premium                             quarts)
                     Windshield
                     Washer
                     Concentrate
1
 Your vehicle’s rear axle(s) may be filled with a synthetic lubricant that
may require a lubricant change. Refer to the scheduled maintenance
guide. Axle lubricant quantities should not need to be checked unless a
leak is suspected, service is required or the axle assembly has been
submerged in water. The axle lubricant should be changed any time the
rear axle has been submerged in water.
2
 Add 236 ml (8 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier XL-3or equivalent
meeting Ford Specification EST-M2C118-A for complete refill of
Traction-Lok axles.


236
                            Maintenance and Specifications
3
Add the coolant type originally equipped in your vehicle.
4
 Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. Check the container to verify the fluid being added is of the
correct type. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide to determine
the correct service interval.
Some transmission fluids may be labeled as dual usage, such as
MERCON and MERCON V. These dual usage fluids are not to be used
in an automatic transmission that requires use of the MERCON type
fluid. However, these dual usage fluids may be used in transmissions that
require the MERCON V type fluid.
MERCON and MERCON V type fluids are not interchangeable.
DO NOT mix MERCON and MERCON V. Use of a transmission
fluid that indicates dual usage (MERCON and MERCON V) in
an automatic transmission application requiring MERCON may
cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the
recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.
5
 Service refill capacity is determined by filling the transmission to the
bottom of the filler hole with the vehicle on a level surface. The 6–speed
manual transmission is equipped with an in-tank cooler. Verify the fluid
level after operating vehicle to assure correct fluid level.
6
 Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may vary
based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The amount
of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the indication on
the dipstick’s normal operating range.
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
                      Ford part
                                        Ford part       Ford
    Item              name or
                                        number          specification
                      equivalent
                      High              E8TZ-19590–A    ESA-M1C198–A
                      Temperature
    Spindle bearing   4X4 Front Axle
                      and Wheel
                      Bearing Grease
    Front axle        Hypoid Gear Oil   C6AZ-19580–E    ESW-M2C105–A
    (4X4)             SAE 90

                                                                        237
 Maintenance and Specifications

                   Ford part
                                      Ford part      Ford
Item               name or
                                      number         specification
                   equivalent
                   Motorcraft SAE     XY-75W140–QL   WSL-M2C192-A
                   75W-140 High
                   Performance
                   Synthetic Rear
                   Axle Lube 1
                   Motorcraft SAE     XY-75W90–GLS          –
                   75W-90
Rear axle          Synthetic Rear
                   Axle Lubricant
                   Motorcraft SAE     XY-80W90-QL    WSP-M2C197-A
                   80W-90
                   Premium Rear
                   Axle Lubricant
                   (Dana 135
                   axles) 1
                   Motorcraft High    PM-1           ESA-M6C25-A
Brake fluid and    Performance                       and DOT 3
clutch fluid (if   DOT 3 Motor
equipped)          Vehicle Brake
                   Fluid
Engine coolant     Motorcraft         VC-4–A (in     ESE-M97B44-A
                   Premium Engine     Canada,
                   Coolant            Motorcraft
                   (green-colored)    CXC-10)
                   Motorcraft         VC-7–A         WSS-M97B51-A1
                   Premium Gold
                   Engine Coolant
                   (yellow-colored)
                   Motorcraft SAE     XO-5W20-QSP    WSS-M2C153-H
                   5W-20 Premium                     and API
Engine oil
                   Synthetic Blend                   Certification
                   Motor Oil                         Mark


238
                         Maintenance and Specifications

                   Ford part
                                    Ford part         Ford
Item               name or
                                    number            specification
                   equivalent
Hinges, latches,   Multi-Purpose    XG—4 or XL-5      ESR-M1C159-A
striker plates,    Grease                             or
fuel filler door                                      ESB-M1C93–B
hinge and seat
tracks
                  Motorcraft       XL-1                     none
Lock cylinders    penetrating and
                  lock lubricant
Transmission      Motorcraft       XG-1-C or          ESA-M1C75-B
/steering/parking Premium          XG-1-K
brake linkages    Long-Life Grease
and pivots,
brake and clutch
pedal shaft (if
equipped)
Power steering Motorcraft          XT-2-QDX           MERCON
fluid and         MERCON ATF
transfer case
fluid (if
equipped)
Manual            Motorcraft       XT-2-QDX           MERCON
transmission      MERCON ATF
                  2
(6-speed)
                  Motorcraft       XT-2-QDX           MERCON
Automatic
                  MERCON ATF
transmission      2

                  Motorcraft          ZC-32–A          ESR-M17P5-A
                  Premium
  Windshield
                  Windshield
  washer fluid
                  Washer
                  Concentrate
1
 Add 236 ml (8 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier XL-3 or equivalent
meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118-A for complete refill of

                                                                       239
  Maintenance and Specifications
Traction-Lok axles. Ford design rear axles contain a synthetic lubricant
that does not require changing unless the axle has been submerged in
water. Dana rear axles also contain a synthetic lubricant but do require a
change. Refer to your “Service Guide” for change intervals on Dana rear
axles.
2
 Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. Check the container to verify the fluid being added is of the
correct type. Refer to your scheduled maintenance guide to determine
the correct service interval.
Some transmission fluids may be labeled as dual usage, such as
MERCON and MERCON V. These dual usage fluids are not to be used
in an automatic transmission that requires use of the MERCON type
fluid. However, these dual usage fluids may be used in transmissions that
require the MERCON V type fluid.
MERCON and MERCON V type fluids are not interchangeable.
DO NOT mix MERCON and MERCON V. Use of a transmission
fluid that indicates dual usage (MERCON and MERCON V) in
an automatic transmission application requiring MERCON may
cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the
recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.

ENGINE DATA
Engine                   5.4L V8 engine           6.8L V10 engine
Cubic inches             330                      415
Required fuel            87 octane                87 octane
Firing order             1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8          1-6-5-10-2-7-3-8-4-9
                         1.3-1.4 mm               1.3-1.4 mm
Spark plug gap
                         (0.052-0.056 inch)       (0.052-0.056 inch)
Ignition system          Coil on plug             Coil on plug
Compression ratio        9.0:1                    9.0:1




240
                       Maintenance and Specifications
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS

F250–Regular and Super Cab
Dimension                            Body style
                  Regular    Regular     Super Cab     Super Cab
                 Cab 4x2     Cab 4x4     4x2           4x4
(1) Overall    1935 mm     2 005 mm      1 943 mm      2 008 mm
height         (76.2 in)   (78.9 in)     (76.5 in)d    (79.0 in)d
(2) Track      1 736 mm    1 736 mm      1 736 mm      1 736 mm
(Front /       (68.3 in) / (68.3 in) /   (68.3 in) /   (68.3 in) /
Rear)          1 729 mm    1 729.3 mm 1 729.3 mm       1 729.3 mm
               (68 in)     (68 in)       (68 in)       (68 in)
(3) Overall    2 031 mm    2 031 mm      2 031 mm      2 031 mm
width          (79.9 in)a  (79.9 in)a    (79.9 in)a    (79.9 in)a
               2426 mm     2426 mm       2426 mm       2426 mm
               (95.5 in)b  (95.5 in)b    (95.5 in)b    (95.5 in)b
(4)            3 479.8 mm 3 479.8 mm 3 610.7 mm        3 610.7 mm
Wheelbase      (137 in)    (137 in)      (141.8 in)c   (141.8 in)c
                                         4 013.2 mm    4 013.2 mm
                                         (158 in)d     (158 in)d
(5) Overall    5 756 mm    5 756 mm      5 878 mm      5 878 mm
length         (226.6 in)  (226.6 in)    (231.4 in)c   (231.4 in)c
                                         6 289 mm      6 289 mm
                                         (247.6 in)d   (247.6 in)d
a
 Single rear wheel (SRW)
b
  Dual rear wheel (DRW)
c
 Short Wheel Base (SWB)
d
  Long wheel base (LWB)




                                                                 241
 Maintenance and Specifications
F250-Crew Cab
Dimension                             Body style
               Crew Cab      Crew Cab Crew Cab          Crew Cab
              4x2/ Short     4x4/ Short 4x2/ Long       4x4/ Long
                  box            box      box           box
(1) Overall   1960 mm       2 027 mm      1 957 mm      2 022 mm
height        (77.2 in)     (79.8 in)     (77.0 in)     (76.6 in)
(2) Track     1 736 mm      1 736 mm      1 736 mm      1 736 mm
(Front /      (68.3 in) /   (68.3 in) /   (68.3 in) /   (68.3 in) /
Rear)         1 729 mm      1 729 mm      1 729 mm      1 729 mm
              (68.1 in)     (68.1 in)     (68.1 in)     (68.1 in)
(3) Overall   2 031 mm      2 031 mm      2 031 mm      2 031 mm
width         (79.9 in)     (79.9 in)     (79.9 in)     (79.9 in)
(4)           3 967 mm      3 967 mm      4 379 mm      4 379 mm
Wheelbase     (156.2 in)    (156.2 in)    (172.4 in)    (172.4 in)
(5) Overall   6 243 mm      6 243 mm      6 654 mm      6 654 mm
length        (245.8 in)    (245.8 in)    (262 in)      (262 in)




242
                           Maintenance and Specifications
F350–except Crew Cab
Dimension                             Body      style
              Chassis          Chassis          Regular          Super Cab
              Cab —            Cab —            Cab Style        Style Side
              Regular          Super Cab        Side
              Cab
(1) Overall   1 924 mm         1 928 mm         1 938 mm         1 952 mm
height        (75.7 in)a       (75.9 in)a       (76.3 in)a       (76.8 in)a,e
              1 912 mm         1 931 mm         1 976 mm         1 954 mm
              (75.2 in)b       (76.0 in)b       (77.8 in)b       (76.9 in)a,f
              2 028 mm         2 029 mm         2 041 mm         1 939 mm
              (79.8 in)c       (79.9 in)c       (80.3 in)c       (76.3 in)b
              2 031 mm         2 019 mm         2 018 mm         2 051 mm
              (80.0 in)d       (79.5 in)d       (79.4in)d        (80.7 in)c,e
                                                                 2 039 mm
                                                                 (80.3 in)c,f
                                                                 2 019 mm
                                                                 (79.5 in)d
(2a) Front    1 736 mm         1 736 mm         1 736 mm         1 736 mm
Track         (68.3 in)a,b /   (68.3 in)a,b /   (68.3 in)a,b /   (68.3 in)a,b /
              1 736 mm         1 736 mm         1 736 mm         1 736 mm
              (68.4 in)c,d     (68.4 in)c,d     (68.4 in)c,d     (68.4 in)c,d
(2b) Rear     1 729 mm         1 729 mm         1 729 mm         1 729 mm
Track         (68.1 in)a,c /   (68.1 in)a,c /   (68.1 in)a,c /   (68.1 in)a,c /
              1 880 mm         1 880 mm         1 880 mm         1 880 mm
              (74.0 in)b,d     (74.0 in)b,d     (74.0 in)b,d     (74.0 in)b,d
(3) Overall   2 031 mm         2 031 mm         2 031 mm         2 031 mm
width         (79.9 in)a,c /   (79.9 in)        (79.9 in)a,c     (79.9 in)a,c
              2 304 mm                          2 426 mm         2 426 mm
              (90.7 in)b                        (95.5)b,d        (95.5)b,d
              2 329 mm
              (91.7 in)d




                                                                             243
 Maintenance and Specifications

Dimension                            Body   style
                Chassis      Chassis        Regular         Super Cab
                Cab —        Cab —          Cab Style       Style Side
                Regular      Super Cab      Side
                Cab
(4)             3 576 mm     4 110 mm       3 480 mm        3 602 mm
Wheelbase       (140.8 in)   (161.8 in)     (137.0 in)      (141.8 in)e/
                4 186 mm                                    4 014 mm
                (164.8 in)                                  (158.0 in)f
(5) Overall     5 733 mm     6 267 mm       5 756 mm        5 878 mm
length          (225.7       (246.7 in)     (226.6 in)      (231.4 in)e/
                in)a,b,c,d/                                 6 289 mm
                6 343 (249.7                                (247.6 in)f
                in)b,d
a
  4x2 Single rear wheel (SRW)
b
  4x2 Dual rear wheel (DRW)
c
  4x4 Single rear wheel (SRW)
d
  4x4 Dual rear wheel (DRW)
e
  Short box
f
 Long box

F350-Crew Cab
                                     Body style
      Dimension    Crew chassis   Crew cab-short         Crew cab —
                         Cab      box                    long box
(1) Overall       1 929 mm        1 955mm                1 964 mm
height            (75.9 in)a/     (77.0 in)a/            (77.3 in)a/
                  1 941 mm        1998 mm                1991 mm
                  (76.4 in)b/     (78.6 in)b/            (75.2 in)b/
                  2 026 mm        1 958 mm               1 957 mm
                  (79.8 in)c/     (77.1 in)c/            (77.0 in)c/
                  2 038 mm        2 033 mm               2 031 mm
                  (80.2 in)d      (80.0 in)d             (80.0 in)d
(2a) Track        1 736 mm        1 736 mm               1 736 mm
—Front            (68.3 in)       (68.3 in)              (68.3 in)


244
                        Maintenance and Specifications

                                       Body style
  Dimension        Crew chassis     Crew cab-short   Crew cab —
                         Cab        box              long box
(2b) Track —      1 729 mm          1 729 mm         1 729 mm
Rear              (68.1 in)a,c/     (68.1 in)a,c/    (68.1 in)a,c/
                  1 803 mm          1 880 mm         1 880 mm
                  (74.0 in)b,d      (74.0 in)b,d     (74.0 in)b,d
(3) Overall       2 031 mm          2 031 mm         2 031 mm
width             (79.9 in)a,c/     (79.9 in)a,c     (79.9 in)a,c
                  2 304 mm          2 426 mm         2 426 mm
                  (90.7 in)b/       (95.5 in)b,d     (95.5 in)b,d
                  2 329 mm
                  (91.7 in)d
(4) Wheelbase     4 475 mm          3 967 mm         4 379 mm
                  (176.2 in )       (156.2 in )      (172.4 in)
(5) Overall       6 632 mm          6 243 mm         6 654 mm
length            (261.1 in)        (245.8 in)       (262.0 in)
a
 4x2 Single rear wheel (SRW)
b
  4x2 Dual rear wheel (DRW)
c
 4x4 Single rear wheel (SRW)
d
  4x4 Dual rear wheel (DRW)

F450
Dimension                             Body   style
                Regular       Regular        Super Cab   Crew Cab
                  Cab         Cab            Chassis     Chassis
              Chassis 4x2     Chassis 4x4    4x2/4x4     4x2/4x4
(1) Overall   2 048 mm        2 051 mm       2 045 mm    2 053 mm
height        (80.6 in)a      (80.7 in)a     (80.5 in)   (80.8 in) -
              2 044 mm        2 044 mm                   4x2
              (80.5 in) b,c   (80.5 in) b                2 056 mm
              2 038 mm        2 033 mm                   (80.9 in) -
              (80.2 in)d      (80.0 in)c,d               4x4




                                                                     245
 Maintenance and Specifications

Dimension                            Body   style
                Regular      Regular        Super Cab     Crew Cab
                   Cab       Cab            Chassis       Chassis
              Chassis 4x2 Chassis 4x4       4x2/4x4       4x2/4x4
(2) Track     1 736 mm       1 736 mm       1 736 mm      1 736 mm
(Front /      (68.4 in) /    (68.4 in) /    (68.4 in) /   (68.4 in) /
Rear)         1 880 mm       1880 mm        1 889 mm      1 880 mm
              (74.0 in)      (74.0 in)      (74.3 in)     (74.0 in)
(3) Overall   2 377 mm       2 377 mm       2 386 mm      2 377 mm
width         (93.6 in)      (93.6 in)      (93.9 in)     (93.6 in)
(4)           3 576 mm       3 576 mm       4 110 mm      4 475 mm
Wheelbase     (140.8 in)     (140.8 in)     (161.8 in)    (176.2 in)
              4 186 mm       4 186 mm                     5 085 (200.2
              (164.8 in)     (164.8 in)                   in)
              4 795 mm       4 795 mm
              (188.8 in)     (188.8 in)
              5 100 mm       5 100 mm
              (200.8 in)     (200.8 in)
(5) Overall   5 733 mm         5 733 mm      6 267 mm       6 632 mm
length        (225.7 in)a    (225.7 in)a     (246.7 in)   (261.1 in)e
              6 343 mm         6 343 mm                     7 241 mm
              (249.7 in)b    (249.7 in)b                   (285.1 in)f
              6 952 mm         6 952 mm
              (273.7 in)c    (273.7 in)c
              7 257 mm         7 257 mm
              (285.7 in)d     (285.7 in)d
a
   3 576 mm (140.8 in) wheel base
b
  4 186 mm (164.8 in) wheel base
c
  4 795 mm (188.8) wheel base
d
  5 100 mm (200.8 in) wheel base
e
  4 475 mm (176.2 in) wheel base
f
 5 085 mm (200.2 in) wheel base




246
                            Maintenance and Specifications
F550
Dimension                             Body   style
                Regular       Regular        Crew Cab       Crew Cab
                  Cab         Cab            Chassis        Chassis
                Chassis       Chassis        Cab 4x2        Cab 4x4
                Cab 4x2       Cab 4x4
(1) Overall   2 076 mm        2 075 mm       2 067 mm       2 066 mm
height        (81.7 in)a      (81.7 in)a     (81.4 in)      (81.3 in)
              2 068 mm        2 063 mm
              (81.4 in) b,c   (81.2 in) b
              2 059 mm        2 059 mm
              (81.1 in)d      (81.1 in)c
                              2 049 mm
                              (80.7 in)d
(2) Track     1 736 mm        1 736 mm       1 736 mm       1 736 mm
(Front /      (68.4 in) /     (68.4 in) /    (68.4 in) /    (68.4 in) /
Rear)         1 880 mm        1880 mm        1 880 mm       1 880 mm
              (74.0 in)       (74.0 in)      (74.0 in)      (74.0 in)
(3) Overall   2 377 mm        2 377 mm       2 377 mm       2 377 mm
width         (93.6 in)       (93.6 in)      (93.6 in)      (93.6 in)
(4)           3 576 mm        3 576 mm       4 475 mm       4 475 mm
Wheelbase     (140.8 in)      (140.8 in)     (176.2 in)     (176.2 in)
              4 186 mm        4 186 mm       5 085 (200.2   5 085 (200.2
              (164.8 in)      (164.8 in)     in)            in)
              4 795 mm        4 795 mm
              (188.8 in)      (188.8 in)
              5 100 mm        5 100 mm
              (200.8 in)      (200.8 in)




                                                                        247
 Maintenance and Specifications

Dimension                            Body   style
                Regular      Regular        Crew Cab       Crew Cab
                   Cab       Cab            Chassis        Chassis
                Chassis      Chassis        Cab 4x2        Cab 4x4
                Cab 4x2      Cab 4x4
(5) Overall   5 733 mm         5 733 mm       6 632 mm       6 632 mm
length        (225.7 in)a    (225.7 in)a    (261.1 in)e    (261.1 in)e
              6 343 mm         6 343 mm       7 241 mm       7 241 mm
              (249.7 in)b    (249.7 in)b     (285.1 in)f    (285.1 in)f
              6 952 mm         6 952 mm
              (273.7 in)c    (273.7 in)c
              7 257 mm         7 257 mm
              (285.7 in)d     (285.7 in)d
a
   3 576 mm (140.8 in) wheel base
b
  4 186 mm (164.8 in) wheel base
c
  4 795 mm (188.8) wheel base
d
  5 100 mm (200.8 in) wheel base
e
  4 475 mm (176.2 in) wheel base
f
 5 085 mm (200.2 in) wheel base




                   1




                                    2

                                    3




248
                          Maintenance and Specifications




                                 4

                                     5


IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE

Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification label may be located.
The Certification label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.




                                                       249
  Maintenance and Specifications
Vehicle identification number (VIN)
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side               XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
instrument panel. (Please note that
in the graphic XXXX is
representative of your vehicle
identification number.)




1. World manufacturer identifier
2. Brake type and gross vehicle
weight rating (GVWR)
3. Vehicle line, series, body type
4. Engine type
5. Check digit
6. Model year
7. Assembly plant
8. Production sequence number
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).




250
                                                      Accessories
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of genuine Ford accessories are available for your
vehicle through your local authorized Ford, Lincoln, Mercury or Ford of
Canada dealer. These quality accessories have been specifically
engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom designed to
complement the style and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In
addition, each accessory is made from high quality materials and meets
or exceeds Ford’s rigorous engineering and safety specifications. Ford
Motor Company will repair or replace any properly dealer-installed Ford
accessory found to be defective in factory-supplied materials or
workmanship during the warranty period, as well as any component
damaged by the defective accessory. The accessory will be warranted for
whichever provides you the greatest benefit:
• 12 months or 20,000 km (12,000 miles) (whichever occurs first), or
• the remainder of your new vehicle limited warranty.
This means that genuine Ford accessories purchased along with your
new vehicle and installed by the dealer are covered for the full length of
your New Vehicle’s Limited Warranty — 3 years or 60,000 km (36,000
miles) (whichever occurs first). Contact your dealer for details and a
copy of the warranty.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Remote keyless entry
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Cargo organizers
Cargo storage bin
Cargo trays
Cell phone holder
Engine block heaters
Manual sliding rear window
Power sliding rear window
Tire step

                                                                       251
  Accessories
Travel equipment
Adjustable Towing System
Auto headlamp system with Daytime Running Lights (DRL)
Bed Tent
Box Aluminum Rack cargo storage systems
Daytime running lights (DRL)
Electrochromic inside mirror with compass
Electrochromic inside mirror with compass and temperature display
Fog lights
Battery Warmer
Highway safety and first aid kit
Off road lights
Pickup box rails
ROC2 hitch mounted bike courier
Running boards and tubular running bars
Running boards diamond plate
Seatback organizer
Speed control
Towing mirrors
Trailer hitch, Class IV
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch mounted bike carrier
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
Trailer wiring harness
Trailgate table
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
All weather vinyl floor mats
Bed mat/bedliner tailgate covers
Bed hooks
Bed mats
Bedliners

252
                                                   Accessories
Carpet floor mats
Cap (hard, color keyed – Leer supplier branded)
Cap (commercial – Leer supplier branded)
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Diamond plate bed rail caps
Diamond plate front box protection
Diamond plate splash guards
Diamond plate tool box
Door edge guards
Fender flares
Flat splash guards
Front end covers (full)
Hood deflectors
Leather wrap steering wheel
Locking gas cap
Lubricants and oils
Molded splash guards
Rear window deflector
Side window air deflectors
Spare tire lock
Stainless steel grill insert
Step bumpers
Tailgate covers (Diamond plate)
Tonneau cover (soft)
Tonneau cover (hard, color keyed – Leer supplier branded)
Touch-up paint
Truck cover
Universal floor mats
Wheels
Wheel covers
Wood trim

                                                             253
  Accessories
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
  vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
  the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
  compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
  information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
  Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
  communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
  theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
  equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
  regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
  technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
  vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
  use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
  cause the engine to stumble or stall or cause the transmission to be
  damaged or operate improperly. In addition, such systems may be
  damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
  vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
  other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
  affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
  that may result from the use of such equipment.




254
                                                                                           Index
A                                                      jumping a disabled battery ....174
                                                       maintenance-free ....................202
Accessory delay ..........................48           replacement, specifications ...234
Air bag supplemental restraint                         servicing ..................................202
system ..........................................82   BeltMinder ...................................77
 and child safety seats ..............83
 description ................................82       Brakes ........................................105
 disposal ......................................86     anti-lock ...........................105–107
 driver air bag ............................84         anti-lock brake system (ABS)
 indicator light ...........................85         warning light ...........................106
 operation ...................................84       fluid, checking and adding ....221
 passenger air bag .....................84             fluid, refill capacities ..............234
 passenger deactivation                                fluid, specifications .........237, 240
 switch ........................................86     lubricant specifications ..237, 240
                                                       parking ....................................107
Air cleaner filter .......226–227, 234                 pedals (see Power adjustable
Ambulance packages ....................6               foot pedals) ...............................49
                                                       shift interlock ..........................109
Antifreeze
(see Engine coolant) ................204              Break-in period .............................4
Anti-lock brake system                                Bulbs ............................................39
(see Brakes) ......................106–107
                                                      C
Audio system
(see Radio) ................17, 19, 22, 26            Capacities for refilling fluids ....234
Automatic transmission ............109                Cassette tape player ...................26
 driving an automatic
 overdrive .................................110       CD changer .................................28
 fluid, adding ............................222        CD-single premium .........17, 19, 22
 fluid, checking ........................222
 fluid, refill capacities ..............234           Certification Label ....................249
 fluid, specification ..................240           Child safety restraints ................91
Auxiliary power point .................47              child safety belts ......................91
Axle                                                  Child safety seats ........................93
 lubricant specifications ..237, 240                   attaching with tether straps ....97
 refill capacities ........................234         in front seat ..............................95
 traction lok ..............................108        in rear seat ................................95
                                                      Cleaning your vehicle
B                                                      engine compartment ..............191
                                                       instrument panel ....................193
Battery .......................................202     interior .....................................193
 acid, treating emergencies .....202                   plastic parts ............................192

                                                                                                    255
   Index
  washing ....................................190      D
  waxing .....................................190
  wheels ......................................191     Daytime running lamps
  wiper blades ............................192         (see Lamps) ................................37
  woodtone trim ........................193            Dipstick
                                                         automatic transmission
Clutch                                                   fluid ..........................................222
 fluid ..........................................221     engine oil .................................199
 operation while driving ..........112                 Doors
 recommended shift speeds ....113                        lubricant specifications ..........237
Compass, electronic ....................55             Driveline universal joint and
 calibration .................................56       slip yoke ....................................226
 set zone adjustment .................56               Driving under special
                                                       conditions ..................112, 121, 124
Console ........................................53       sand .........................................123
 overhead ....................................46         snow and ice ...........................125
Controls                                                 through water .................123, 128
 power seat .................................68
                                                       E
Coolant
 checking and adding ..............204                 Emergencies, roadside
 refill capacities ................208, 234             jump-starting ..........................174
 specifications ..................237, 240             Emission control system ..........218
Customer Assistance ................158                Engine ................................240–241
 Ford accessories for your                              cleaning ...................................191
 vehicle .....................................194       coolant .....................................204
 Ford Extended Service                                  diesel ...........................................5
 Plan ..........................................183     fail-safe coolant ......................209
 Getting assistance outside the                         idle speed control ...................202
 U.S. and Canada .....................187               lubrication
 Getting roadside assistance ...158                     specifications ..................237, 240
 Getting the service you                                refill capacities ........................234
 need .........................................181      service points ..........................198
                                                        starting after a collision .........159
 Ordering additional owner’s
 literature .................................188       Engine block heater .................105
 The Dispute Settlement                                Engine oil ..................................199
 Board .......................................183       checking and adding ..............199
 Utilizing the                                          dipstick ....................................199
 Mediation/Arbitration                                  filter, specifications ........201, 234
 Program ...................................186         recommendations ...................201

256
                                                                                           Index
 refill capacities ........................234         Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............212
 specifications ..................237, 240             Gas mileage (see Fuel
Exhaust fumes ..........................105            economy) ...................................215
F                                                      Gauges .........................................13
                                                       GAWR (Gross Axle Weight
Fail safe cooling ........................209          Rating) .......................................128
Fluid capacities .........................234           calculating ...............................130
                                                        definition .................................128
Foglamps .....................................37        driving with a heavy load ......128
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles .......116                    location ....................................128
 driving off road .......................119           GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight
 electronic shift ................118–119              Rating) .......................................128
 indicator light .........................116           calculating .......................128, 130
 lever operated shift ................117               definition .................................128
 manual locking hubs ..............116                  driving with a heavy load ......128
 preparing to drive your                                location ....................................128
 vehicle .....................................108
Fuel ............................................210   H
 calculating fuel economy .......215
 cap ...........................................212    Headlamps ...................................36
 capacity ...................................234        aiming ........................................38
 choosing the right fuel ...........213                 autolamp system .......................36
 comparisons with EPA fuel                              daytime running lights .............37
 economy estimates .................218                 flash to pass ..............................38
 detergent in fuel .....................214             high beam .................................37
 filling your vehicle with                              replacing bulbs .........................40
 fuel ...........................210, 212, 215          turning on and off ....................36
 filter, specifications ........214, 234               Heating
 fuel pump shut-off switch .....159                     heating and air
 improving fuel economy ........215                     conditioning system ...........33–34
 octane rating ...........213, 240–241
 quality ......................................213     Hood ..........................................197
 running out of fuel .................214
 safety information relating to                        I
 automotive fuels .....................210
                                                       Ignition .......................101, 240–241
Fuses ..................................160–161
                                                       Infant seats
G                                                      (see Safety seats) .......................93
                                                       Inspection/maintenance (I/M)
Garage door opener ....................47              testing ........................................219

                                                                                                    257
    Index
Instrument panel                                       Locks
  cleaning ...................................193       autolock .....................................63
  cluster ........................................10    childproof ..................................59
  lighting up panel and                                Lubricant specifications ...237, 240
  interior .......................................38
                                                       Lumbar support, seats ...............69
J
                                                       M
Jump-starting your vehicle ......174
                                                       Manual transmission .................112
K                                                       fluid capacities ........................234
                                                        lubricant specifications ..........240
Keyless entry system                                    reverse .....................................113
 autolock .....................................63
                                                       Message center ...........................53
Keys                                                    english/metric button ...............54
 positions of the ignition .........101                 menu button .............................54
                                                       Mirrors .........................................46
L
                                                        fold away ...................................49
                                                        side view mirrors (power) .......49
Lamps
 autolamp system .......................36             Motorcraft parts ................214, 234
 bulb replacement
 specifications chart ..................39             O
 cargo lamps ...............................38
 daytime running light ...............37               Octane rating ............................213
 fog lamps ...................................37       Oil (see Engine oil) ..................199
 headlamps .................................36
 headlamps, flash to pass ..........38                 P
 instrument panel, dimming .....38
 interior lamps ...........................39          Parking brake ............................107
 replacing bulbs ...................39–44
                                                       Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....234
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................38           Pedals (see Power adjustable
                                                       foot pedals) .................................49
Lights, warning and indicator ....10
 anti-lock brakes (ABS) ..........106                  Power distribution box
 speed control ............................52          (see Fuses) ...............................161
Load limits .................................128       Power door locks ..................58, 63
 GAWR ......................................128        Power point .................................47
 GVWR ......................................128        Power steering ..........................108
 trailer towing ..........................128            fluid, checking and adding ....220
Loading instructions .................130                fluid, refill capacity ................234

258
                                                                                            Index
  fluid, specifications .........237, 240              Spark plugs,
Preparing to drive                                     specifications .............234, 240–241
your vehicle ...............................108        Special notice ................................7
                                                         ambulance conversions ..............6
R                                                        diesel-powered vehicles .............5
                                                         four-wheel drive
Radio ..........................17, 19, 22, 26           vehicles ............................156–157
                                                         utility-type vehicles ....................6
Relays ........................................160
                                                       Specification chart,
Remote entry system .................60                lubricants ...........................237, 240
 illuminated entry ......................63
 locking/unlocking doors ...........58                 Speed control ..............................50
                                                       Starting your
Reverse sensing system ...........114
                                                       vehicle ........................101–102, 104
Roadside assistance ..................158                jump starting ..........................174
                                                       Steering wheel
S                                                        tilting .........................................46
Safety belts (see Safety                               T
restraints) ........................70–73, 75
Safety defects, reporting ..........189                Tailgate ........................................57
Safety restraints ....................70–75            Tires ...................................227–229
 belt minder ...............................77          changing ..........................165, 167
 cleaning the safety belts ..........81                 checking the pressure ............229
 extension assembly ..................81                replacing ..................................232
 for adults .............................71–73          rotating ....................................230
 for children .........................90–91            snow tires and chains ............233
 lap belt ......................................76      tire grades ...............................228
 warning light and chime ..........77                   treadwear ................................228
Safety seats for children ............93               Towing .......................................130
                                                        trailer towing ..........................130
Seat belts                                              wrecker ....................................179
(see Safety restraints) ...............70
                                                       Traction-lok rear axle ...............108
Seats ............................................65
 child safety seats ......................93           Transfer case
                                                        fluid checking .........................226
Servicing your vehicle ..............196
                                                       Transmission
Snowplowing .................6, 154–156                 automatic operation ...............109
Spare tire (see Changing                                fluid, checking and adding
the Tire) ....................................165       (automatic) .............................222

                                                                                                      259
    Index
 fluid, checking and adding                           W
 (manual) .................................225
 fluid, refill capacities ..............234           Warning lights (see Lights) .......10
 lubricant specifications ..237, 240
 manual operation ....................112             Washer fluid ..............................199
Turn signal ..................................38      Water, Driving through .............128
                                                      Windows
V                                                      power .........................................48
Vehicle dimensions ...................241             Windshield washer fluid and
Vehicle Identification Number                         wipers ..........................................45
(VIN) ..........................................250    checking and adding fluid .....199
Vehicle loading ..........................128          replacing wiper blades .............45
Ventilating your vehicle ...........105               Wrecker towing .........................179




260
261
262
263
264

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:93
posted:12/15/2010
language:Italian
pages:264