Certificate Conformity Saudi Arabia by azb19805

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									    IEC SYSTEM OF CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT
    SCHEMES FOR ELECTROTECHNICAL EQUIPMENT
    AND COMPONENTS




SEVAL Annual day, Bern 2010
       Colloque 4



                             Mr Pierre de Ruvo

                             IECEE Executive Secretary
  The IEC/IECEE Tree



                                Standards
                                (Normes)
  Conformity Assessment
(Evaluation de la conformité)




                                            2
Popular Standards used for certification




                                           3
      What is the IEC


 Founded in 1906 to promote international
  co-operation on all questions of
  standardization and related matters in the
  field of electrotechnology




                                               4
    Mission statement



IEC’s mission is to be globally recognized
    as the provider of standards and
 conformity assessment-related services
  needed to facilitate trade in the fields
        of electricity, electronics
      and associated technologies




                                             5
       IEC mission


   Encourage national adoption of
    international standards
   Stimulate world trade and business by
    ensuring technical and market relevance
    of its products
   Make results applicable and available for
    voluntary adoption world wide
   Set the framework for Conformity
    Assessment in global markets


                                                6
          Types of participation

   IEC is a voluntary association of National
    Committees that fully represent
    electrotechnical interests in their countries
        Government, industry, testing laboratories,
         academia, consumer groups…

   Membership – one member per country
        Members (59)
        Associate members (22)

   Affiliate Country programme
        81 participants
                                                       7
                 IEC Membership – 81 members

Albania             Estonia               Libyan Arab             Serbia
Algeria             Finland                 Jamahiriya            Singapore
Argentina           France                Lithuania               Slovakia
Australia           Georgia               Luxembourg              Slovenia
Austria             Germany               Malaysia                South Africa
Bahrain             Greece                Malta                   Spain
Belarus             Hungary               Mexico                  Sri Lanka
Belgium             Iceland               Montenegro              Sweden
Bosnia &            India                 Morocco                 Switzerland
 Herzegovina        Indonesia             Netherlands             Thailand
Brazil              Iran                  New Zealand             The Former Yugoslav
Bulgaria            Iraq                  Nigeria                  Rep. of Macedonia
Canada              Ireland               Norway                  Tunisia
Chile               Israel                Oman                    Turkey
China               Italy                 Pakistan                Ukraine
Colombia            Japan                 Philippines, Rep. of    United Arab Emirates
Croatia             Jordan                Poland                  United Kingdom
Cuba                Kazakhstan            Portugal                United States of
Cyprus              Kenya                 Qatar                    America
Czech Republic      Korea (Republic of)   Romania                 Vietnam
Denmark             Latvia                Russian Federation
Egypt                                     Saudi Arabia                               8
                                                             AM = Associate member
           The IEC Family and Figures

   Members                          81 National Committees
   Affiliate Country Programme              81 participants
   Technical work
     Technical committees/Subcommittees                174
         Working groups                                 404
         Project teams                                  213
         Maintenance teams                              501

   Total active projects                             1 410
   Average development time                     33 months
   Total publications                                6 146
   Publications issued in 2009                         441


                                                               9
      Deliverables


 International Standards
 Technical Specifications
 Publicly Available Specifications (PAS)
 Technical Reports
 Guides
 ITAs

                                            10
       Stages in standards development


PWI      Preliminary stage
NP       Proposal stage
WD       Preparatory stage
CD       Committee stage
CDV      Enquiry stage
FDIS     Approval stage
IS       Publication stage

                                         11
              Paths to publication
                                                                             Publicly
  Project       Normal     Draft submitted   “Fast-track    Technical                      Technical
                                                                            Available
   stage       procedure    with proposal    procedure”    Specification                    Report
                                                                           Specification


 Proposal       PNW            PNW            PNW            PNW             PNW

 Working
  draft         ANW            ANW                           ANW             ANW


Committee        CD             CD                            DTS                           DTR


 Enquiry        CDV            CDV            CDV


 Approval       FDIS           FDIS           FDIS


Publication      PUB           PUB            PUB             PUB             PUB           PUB
                                                                                                 12
          National Committees – what they are


   Represents all interests in country
        Industry
        Government and regulators
        Academia
        Users

   “Mirror” committees
        Correspond to IEC TC/SCs of interest
        Review documents
        Create national position / vote
        Adoption of International Standards
                                                13
          National Committees – their role


   Support the use of IEC conformity assessment
    schemes and standards within each nation and
    region, including translation
   Coordinate each nation’s consensus viewpoint and
    present in IEC via participation in the meetings
        International consensus standards
         development,
        Conformity assessment scheme operations, and
        IEC governance
   Members may vote on all policy issues and technical
    matters – one country, one vote

                                                          14
          Rights of IEC Participants


Full Members  Associate                                   Affiliates
     (59)    Members (22)                                    (81)
Authorized to participate   Authorized to participate
and submit votes on all        and submit votes /
                                                            May not vote
  TC/SC and Council         comments on documents
      documents               of 4 selected TC/SCs

                              Authorized to submit       Authorized to submit
 Authorized to submit
                            comments only on TC/SC        comments on the
comments on all TC/SC
                              documents but not on        documents of 10
and Council documents
                               Council documents          selected TC/SCs

FULLY PARTICIPATE
                                LIMITED
IN INTERNATIONAL                                        RESTRICTED TYPE
                            PARTICIPATION OF
STANDARDIZATION                                         OF PARTICIPATION
                               COUNTRIES
     ACTIVITIES

                                                                                15
        IEC programmes


   Efficiently meet requirements of global market
   Ensure primacy and world-wide use of standards
    and conformity assessment schemes
   Assess and improve quality of products and
    services covered by standards
   Permit interoperability of complex systems
   Increase efficiency of industrial processes
   Contribute to improvement of human health and
    safety
   Contribute to protection of the environment

                                                     16
          Strategic use of International Standards…



 Reduce transaction costs due to
  less testing & product
  modifications
 Overcome barriers for trade &
  access broader markets, faster
 Reduce costly mistakes

 …increase business efficiency!

                                                      17
           Participation in standardization…


 Reduce costs for standards
  development
 Give products a better chance
  to succeed
 Benefit from existing know-how


 …provides a competitive edge!

                                               18
          Better and safer products…

 Reflect best experience
 Cover common needs and
  provide guidance
 Support regulatory policies
 Facilitate trade


 …standards support good regulatory practice!

                                                 19
           International Standards…

 Basis for conformity
  assessment
 Promote safety & consumer
  confidence
 Stimulate economic growth &
  development




 …promote technology transfer !

                                      20
Conformity Assessment: Test Report




                                     21
Conformity Assessment: Certificates




                                      22
         IEC Conformity Assessment Structure


               CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT BOARD

          IECEE                        IECEx          IECQ
                                      Scheme for       Quality
    System for conformity
                                       explosive      assessment
   testing and certification
                                     environments    system for
of Electrotechnical equipment
         and components                                electronic
                                                    components


CB Scheme
Mutual recognition of test results



CB FCS (full certification, including assessing
QMS & Factory Audit/Inspection)


                                                                    23
            IECEE Participating Countries



Argentina        Finland         Malaysia       Slovakia

Australia        France          Mexico         Slovenia

Austria          Germany         Netherlands    South Africa

Belarus          Greece          New Zealand    Spain

Belgium          Hungary         Norway         Sweden

Brazil           India           Pakistan       Switzerland

Bulgaria         Indonesia       Poland         Thailand

Canada           Ireland         Portugal       Turkey

China            Israel          Romania        Ukraine

Colombia         Italy           Russia         United Arab Emirates

Croatia          Japan           Saudi Arabia   United Kingdom

Czech Rep.       Kenya           Serbia         United States

Denmark          Korea Rep. of   Singapore      Uruguay



                                                                  24
              National Certification Bodies

Americas             Europe                                Asia/Africa/Far
                                                           East/Oceania
CSA                  OVE             LCIE       TRAC       SAI Global
ITSC                 CEBEC           LNE        IMQ        CQC
ULC                  Electrosuisse   Intertek   PCBC       STQC
QPS                  EZU             T&C        GOST Re    JET
UL Inc.              VDE             BSI        EVPU       JQA
MET                  TUV Rh DE       ELOT       UkrTEST    TUV Rheinland, JP
ITS, N.A.            TUV SUD PS      SII        MEEI       UL APEX
TUV Rheinland, NA.   SLG             KEMA       BBJ-SEP    KTL
IRAM                 LGA             AENOR      PREDOM     KETI
TUV RH BRAZIL        ETS             NEMKO      CERTIF     KERI
NCC                  TUV NORD        SEMKO      TSE        ERI
ANCE                 DEMKO           SIQ        VINCA      NREC
                     FIMKO                      KVALITET   SABS
                                                           TUV SUD PSB
                                                           SIRIM
                                                           TISI
                                                           ITS Singapore
                                                                               25
       IECEE Operators

          Countries   NCBs   CBTLs   ACTLs

2001         41        53     129      0

2002         42        56     141      0

2003         43        58     150      0

2004         43        58     170      0

2005         44        58     195      0

2006         46        59     216      0

2007         50        62     234     10

2008         52        66     268     25

2009         52        69     302     34

2010         54        71     331     45
                                             26
             The CB Scheme

   The CB Scheme is based on the principle of mutual
    recognition (reciprocal acceptance) by its members of test
    results for obtaining certification or approval at national
    level.


   The Scheme is intended to reduce obstacles to
    international trade which arise from having to meet
    different national certification or approval criteria.


   Participation of the worldwide NCBs within the Scheme is
    intended to facilitate certification or approval according to
    IEC standards.

                                                              27
    The Ideal Target



One test


     One certification


            One mark



                         28
           Today’s reality is…




One test




 One international certificate




   One or more marks as needed
                                 29
           Today’s reality is also…




   One test


   One international certificate


   Direct acceptance by the market place
e.g. Regulators, Retailers, Buyers, Vendors


                                              30
The scope of the CB Scheme




                             31
                  The scope of the CB Scheme


                                         Safety, Performance, Sourcing
                                         IECEE
Electrical accessories                    Information Technology
(TC 23)                                                  (TC 108)

                                                      Multimedia
Luminaires                                              (TC 100)
(TC 34)
                                                      Fibre optics
                                                           (TC 86)

Electric cables                                    Cables, wires,
(TC 20)                                        waveguides (TC 46)

Lamps and related                          Household appliances
equipment (TC 34)                                 (TCs 59 & 61)


                                                                     32
     The scope of the CB Scheme


BATT – Batteries:

IEC 60086, IEC 60099, IEC 61982…




                                   33
     The scope of the CB Scheme


CABL – Cables and Cords:

IEC 60227, IEC 60245, IEC 60502…




                                   34
     The scope of the CB Scheme



CAP – Capacitors as Components:

IEC 60252, IEC 60384, IEC 61048…




                                   35
       The scope of the CB Scheme


CONT - Switches for appliances and
automatic controls for electrical household
appliances:

IEC 60730, IEC 61058, IEC 61810…




                                          36
      The scope of the CB Scheme


EMC – Electromagnetic Compatibility:

CISPR11, IEC 61000, IEC 62236…




                                       37
      The scope of the CB Scheme


HOUS – Household and similar
equipment:

IEC 60335, IEC 60704, IEC 61770…




                                   38
          The scope of the CB Scheme

HSTS – Hazardous Substances:
IEC 62321
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Using chemicals or
other hazardous substances in e.g plastic material used in end
products by work can put people's health at risk. So the
regulations in some Regions/Countries requires limits exposure to
hazardous substances to prevent health problems.




                                                                    39
     The scope of the CB Scheme


INST – Installation accessories and
connection devices:

IEC 60609, IEC 60320, IEC 60998…




                                      40
     The scope of the CB Scheme


LITE – Luminaires:

IEC 60598, IEC 60928, IEC 61347…




                                   41
     The scope of the CB Scheme


MEAS – Measuring Instruments:

IEC 61010, IEC 60414, IEC 61557…




                                   42
     The scope of the CB Scheme


MED – Electrical equipment for
medical use:
IEC 60601, IEC 61223…




                                  43
    The scope of the CB Scheme


MISC – Miscellaneous:

IEC 60077, IEC 60747, IEC 60938…




                                   44
     The scope of the CB Scheme


OFF – IT and Office Equipment:

IEC 60950, IEC 60825, IEC 62040…




                                   45
     The scope of the CB Scheme



POW – Low voltage, high power
switching equipment:

IEC 60947, IEC 62019, IEC 62271…




                                   46
     The scope of the CB Scheme


PROT – Installation protective
equipment:

IEC 60127, IEC 60269, IEC 61643…




                                   47
     The scope of the CB Scheme


PV – Photovoltaics:

IEC 60904, IEC 61215, PVRS6…




                                  48
     The scope of the CB Scheme



SAFE – Safety transformers and
similar equipment:

IEC 60044, IEC 60742, IEC 61558…




                                   49
     The scope of the CB Scheme

TOOL – Portable Tools:

IEC 60745, IEC 61029, IEC 61939…




                                   50
     The scope of the CB Scheme


TOYS – Electronic Toys:

IEC 62115…




                                  51
     The scope of the CB Scheme


TRON – Electronics Entertainment:

IEC 60065, IEC 61965, IEC 62103…




                                    52
          The CB Scheme Process


Manufacturer makes an electrical
product and sends it for testing
so it can be certified


A laboratory tests the product for
conformity to IEC standards and
issues a Test Report




                                     53
        The CB Scheme Process


Sample request   NCB requests sample(s) and sets
                 the testing programme

                 CBTL’s Staff performs the
   Testing       measuring and testing programme

 Evaluation      NCB’s Staff evaluates the Test Report


                 NCB’s officer takes the Certification
  Decision
                 decision

                 NCB issues the CB Test Certificate
   Licence
                 and Test Report
                                                         54
           The CB Scheme Process



   Manufacturer now wishes to
    sell the product in another
    country where the market
    requires a Domestic
    Certification Mark or Approval.


   Manufacturer provides the CB
    Test certificate and Test
    Report to a Certification Body
    member of the IECEE in the
    second country
                                      55
        The CB Scheme Process



Alternatively the Issuing NCB
can act on behalf of the
Manufacturer to directly contact
1 or more NCBs in countries B to
seek the certification
mark/approval of the
Certification Body(ies)
member(s) of the IECEE in the
relevant countries


                                   56
            The CB Scheme Process

Multilateral Acceptance by the IECEE Member NCBs
    Second NCB recognizes the CB
     Test Results and CB Test
     Certificate that have already been
     granted by the Issuing NCB and
     grants its certification
     mark/approval


    Manufacturer may now affix the
     NCB’s mark/approval of conformity
     of the second country to the
     product and may export the
     product to that country

                                                   57
           The CB Scheme Process

Regulatory Authority

   Manufacturer now wishes to
    sell the product in another
    country where the market
    requires Regulatory
    compliance.
   Manufacturer provides the
    CB Test certificate and Test
    Report to the Regulatory
    Authority


                                   58
          The CB Scheme Process


   Regulatory Authority reviews
    the CB Test Certificate and CB
    Test Report and …




   …grants access to the
    relevant Market



                                     59
                   CB Scheme / Full Certification Scheme

                 CB Scheme                    Full Certification Scheme
              ISO/IEC System 1-b                  ISO/IEC System 5
   Testing
   Test Report – TR
   Review of the Test Report            Initial Factory Inspection - IFI
   CB Test Certificate                  Initial Factory Inspection Report - IFIR


                                         Review of the I.F.I.R
                                         Conformity Assessment Certificate &
                                          Conformity Assessment Report
                                         (Optional) NCB Certification Mark
                                         Production is under surveillance
                                         Factory inspection
                                         Re-testing
                                         Market control
                                                                              60
               Full Certification Scheme in action
                     Conformity
                      Type test
                     Type test
                     Assessment
 NCB A                Certificate
                      program
                     program
                       Conformity
                                                                    Test
                                                                   Report               Laboratory
    issuing               National
                        National
                      Assessment
                                                                   National
                          Report
                        differences
                      differences         Factory                 differences
                        (if applicable) Inspection
                      (if applicable)
                            Factory                               (if applicable)
                        Audit Report
                             National
                           differences                                                          Testing…
 Analyzing…              (if applicable)


                                                                  Conformity
                                                                  Assessment       Factory
                                                                                                             Samples
                                                                   Certificate   Audit Report
                                                                    Conformity
                          Application                              Assessment
                          documents             APPLICANT            Report
                                                                       Factory
                                                                                              Auditing…
                                                                                                           Factory
                                                                    Audit Report
                                                                        National
                                                                      differences
                                                                      (if applicable)



                                                                                            Vendors/Buyers


NCB B1                          15 working days
                                                     Regulators
 recognizing
   NCB B2                                                                           Retailers
    recognizing
       NCB B3
       recognizing                                                                                              61
             IECEE Operators


400


350


300


250

                                                                            Countries
200
                                                                            NCBs
                                                                            CBTLs (incl. ACTLs)
150


100


 50


  0
      2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010




                                                                                                  62
Issued CB Test Certificates


                                                                            60000
                                                                            60000
60000
60000                                                                   54000
                                                                        54000
                                                                51000
                                                                51000
                                                        49752
                                                        49752
50000
50000
                                                     40817
                                                     40817
                                               36565
                                                36565
40000
40000                                      34117
                                           34117


                                      27685
                                       27685
30000
30000                            24259
                                 24259
                                                                                    Issued
                                                                                     Issued
                            19597
                            19597
                       15893
                       15893
20000
20000
                   12175
                   12175
                9825
                9825
         7794
         7794
10000
10000


   0
   0
        1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
        1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009




                                                                                              63
     IEC SYSTEM OF CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT
     SCHEMES FOR ELECTROTECHNICAL EQUIPMENT
     AND COMPONENTS




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