•Born on March 5th 1870 or 1871 (sources differ on the
year of birth because she put 1871 on her CV for Zurich
University but in 1887 Abitur certificate said she was 17
which means that she was born in 1870) by a Jewish
middle-class family in Zamosc, Poland (Russian-
•Rosa had a growth defect and was physically
handicapped all he life
•After her family moved to Warsaw she attended a girls
Gymnasium from 1880
•After the Proletariat was broken up Rosa still managed
to meet in secret in one of these groups
•In 1887 she passed Abitur with flying colors. After
fleeing Switzerland from imminent detention in 1889,
she attended Zurich University
•In 1890 Bismarck's laws against social democracy
were annulled and the SPD (Social Democratic Party of
Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands)
could gain seats in Reichstag.
•In 1893 Rosa founded the Sprawa Robotnicza (“The
Workers’ Cause”) newspaper, along with Leo
Jogiches and Julian Marchlewski.
•In 1898 Rosa obtained citizenship by marrying
Gustav Lübeck and then moved to Berlin
•In 1899 Rosa attacked the Revisionism Theory of
Eduard Bernstein in a brochure titled “Social
•Rosa then became the leading spokesperson for
her party (SPD)/denounced her support of conformist
•Rosa wanted to organize a general strike to rouse
workers into solidarity/ but her work was interrupted
by spending three prison terms in 1904 and 06
•Rosa then began teaching people in Marxism at the
SPD training center in Berlin
•Rosa refused to obey orders and was sentenced to
a year of prison
•While World War one was starting the SPD agreed
not to start any strikes but for Rosa this was a
complete catastrophe and was considering suicide
•On Aug 5th 1914 Karl Liebknecht, Clara Zetkin,
Franz Mehring and Rosa created the Internationale
group which later became the Spartacist League on
Jan. 1st 1916/ they then produced illegal copies of
pamphlets signed Sparticus
•As Rosa tried to rise the general strike again she
was sentenced to two and a half years in prison
(she was relocated twice to Poznan and then to
Wroclaw) during this time she wrote seven articles
(under the name Junius) which her friends
smuggled out and published illegally/she also wrote
to Liebknecht’s wife.
•Luxemburg was released from Wroclaw
(Liebknecht had also recently been released).
Together they now produce Die Rote Fahne (The
Red Flag newspaper)
•On January 1st the Sparticus League together with the
International Communists of Germany created the
Communist party of Germany (KPD)
•In response to the articles written in Die Rote Fahne
Friedrich Ebert employed a nationalist militia called the
Friekorps (volunteer armies) to stop the uprising. Both
Rosa and Karl were captured by the Friekorps in Berlin
on January 15th, 1919 and murdered on the same day.
Rosa was knocked out by a rifle butt and was then shot
in the head while she was unconscious. She was
thrown in the nearby river, eventually Rosa body
washed up to shore in May. Karl Liebknecht was killed
the exact same way but he was dumped into a nearby
mortuary and identified as an unknown body.
One member of the Friekorps was arrested for being
involved in the deaths of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl
Liebknecht, he served a two year sentence in prison.
Rosa did go to three Congresses to give a
speech, they were:
This Congress is in Leipziger, Volkzeitung.
There were two speeches held in this
Congress. They were on October 3rd and
There was one speech held here on
October 11th, 1899.
There was one speech held here on
September 14th, 1908
Rosa Luxemburg also organized a
demonstration in Frankfurt. She also tried to
lead a general strike. For more examples
look in the folder (letters, articles, speeches,
I think that everyone loved Rosa. The public
thought of her to be a strong person.
Everyone could tell that that she was a
natural leader. She was strong and she
knew how to handle other people and
herself. When Rosa died I think that
everyone suffered a great loss. But when
she did die everyone knew she was strong.
The reason why I chose Rosa Luxemburg is because she seemed like
she did a lot in her lifetime. I mean come on she was a rebel, she was put
in jail so many times just because she was fighting for something. When I
was researching her it seemed like her life was a full book. I don’t think
that you could fit anything more into her life. It also seemed like that her
life had been fulfilled like she had the right amount of everything. It also
seemed like when she died she knew she did everything possible, and
she knew that people wouldn’t forget her.