"Certificate in Advanced English Past Papers"
The Cambridge International Continuum Di Palmer Director Assessment Services Sherry Reach USA Regional Representative Hartford CT 16 March 2010 CIE is part of Cambridge Assessment • A department of the University of Cambridge, • We are Europe’s largest assessment agency and our tests are underpinned by our substantial research program. • We are at the heart of a global learning community including more than 6000 schools. • We work in partnership with educators worldwide, including 25 national governments. Today’s presentation CIE’s partnership approach to raising standards • Curriculum • Assessment • Support and training for teachers • Examples from Cambridge IGCSE programs – for Grades 9 and 10 • Same principles apply to – AICE program for Grades 11 and 12 – Checkpoint program for Grades 6,7,8 The learner is at the heart of what we do Setting Assessment international standards in assessment Promoting good Offering choice practice in within a flexible, teaching and relevant curriculum learning framework Teaching Curriculum Starting at the end: Learner Outcomes • Confident learners • Inquiring learners • Engaged learners • Independent learners The Cambridge International Curriculum • Cambridge offers: – Flexible curriculum structure, validated by – Accessible assessment, underpinned by – Full support for teachers and learners • Enabling a personalized learning trajectory • One size doesn’t fit all Schools build a curriculum of core subjects - developing students’ knowledge and Building a curriculum understanding AND independent enquiry and thinking skills Science English Mathematics Schools can extend the curriculum thanks to a huge range of subjects Schools can take a cross- Global Perspectives curricular approach using new syllabuses like Global Perspectives, to develop key skills and encourage cross- curricular engagement THE CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL CURRICULUM Age 18 Cambridge Advanced and choice Increasing breadth 40+ subjects Age 16 Cambridge Secondary 2 70+ subjects Age 14 Cambridge Secondary 1 English/Mathematics/Science Age 11 Cambridge Primary English/Mathematics/Science Age 5 THE CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL CURRICULUM Age 18 A Level Exams Cambridge Advanced and choice Increasing breadth 40+ subjects Age 16 IGCSE Exams Cambridge Secondary 2: IGCSE 70+ subjects Age 14 Checkpoint assessment Tests Cambridge Secondary 1: Checkpoint English/Mathematics/Science Age 11 Achievement Test Progression Cambridge Primary English/Mathematics/Science Age 5 International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) for Grades 9 and 10 • Curriculum-based • Assessing knowledge, understanding, application and skills • Criterion-referenced grades • One year or two year study time • Mostly external assessment, with flexibility to build in practical assessments • Discriminates through 8 pass grades (A* - G) Designed for a wide range of abilities Core : for all students Extended : for better prepared students and/or subsequent stage for less-prepared students Breadth of assessment • Knowledge Assessment Methodology: • Understanding • Application • Essays & Short • Skills Answers • Projects / Investigations • Lab Practicals / Orals • Multiple Choice Flexible assessment approach Project work and Practical options cater for: • Local context e.g. in history, science, literature • Individual student’s learning style – assignment portfolio or external exam • Students’ (and teachers’) particular interests Back • instructional systems – are at the heart The subject syllabus is where it begins The subject syllabus • Aims • Assessment Objectives AOs • Curriculum content – Including detailed summary of what candidates should know, understand and be able to do • Resource list including texts and much more • Grade descriptions Grade A IGCSE Literature (English): Assessment Objectives • Show detailed knowledge of the content of literary texts in the three main forms (Drama, Poetry, Prose) 25% • Understand the meanings of literary texts and their contexts, and explore texts beyond surface meanings to show deeper awareness of ideas and attitudes 25% • Recognize and appreciate ways in which writers use language, structure and form to create and shape meanings and effects (= application) 25% • Communicate a sensitive and informed personal response to literary texts 25% back Grade description (Literature in English) a Grade A candidate will have demonstrated the ability to: • sustain a perceptive and convincing response with well-chosen detail of narrative and situation • demonstrate clear critical/analytical understanding of the author’s intentions and the text’s deeper implications and the attitudes it displays • make much well-selected reference to the text • respond sensitively and in detail to the way language works in the text • communicate a considered and reflective personal response to the text Example Literature Question In this story, Conrad has left his car near the ‘red zone’ – a no- parking area of the city in which he works. He comes back to find that some people are enjoying watching it being towed away. Read the passage below carefully and then explore how the writing makes you feel sympathy for Conrad and how it is amusing at the same time. You should include in your answer a response to: • Conrad’s situation • the characters and the words they use • the way the incident is narrated. A* student Conrad’s situation is not a strange one; it is one most readers may not have experienced but would be familiar with. Wolfe’s narration enables us to feel sympathy for many reasons. The first, and simplest, is that he appears to have been wronged: he remembered parking his car outside the red zone. In addition to this, the “giant” tow truck operator and the meter maid do not listen to what he says and virtually ignore him. In the end Conrad loses, only to be mocked by a crowd of bystanders. “Woooo- eeeee” (Paragraph 23) they call at him, when the meter maid rebuffs his appeals. Conrad is not merely helpless; he is turned into a public and humiliating joke. It is impossible not to feel sympathy for him in this situation. C student Although this story makes you feel sympathy for Conrad, it is at the same time amusing due to the fact that the lady and the giant man paid less attention to him and this made him look somehow stupid as it was like he was talking himself. Another amusing thing about this story is the way Conrad negotiates for his car. He speaks on top of his voice and this makes passers-by think there is a fight which is about to erupt. Assessment Objectives for Biology • Knowledge with understanding (50% - not more than 25% recall) • Handling information and problem solving (30%) • Experimental skills and investigation (20%) Question papers include • Questions that – Require knowledge – Gradually remove scaffolding – Require the application of knowledge in unfamiliar contexts – Encourage connections to be made between topic areas or concepts Recalling knowledge Applying knowledge in a novel context Abstracting appropriate knowledge Examination Certificate • Each subject is individually graded • Pass grades range from A* to G • IGCSE is internationally recognized • Each student receives a certificate showing a grade for each subject passed Results are useful for teachers too • What were the students’ strengths and weaknesses? • Is it apparent that some content and/or skills are being taught more effectively than others? • How did they compare to students elsewhere taking the same examinations? Analysis of Candidate Results by Grade Cumulative results and a comparison of your school’s performance with your region and the world Component analysis Overall Component details for your school and a comparison with your region and the world Results by Candidate Overall grade awarded and breakdown by component Question level analysis A comparison of your school’s performance with your region and the world THE CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL CURRICULUM Age 18 Cambridge Advanced and choice Increasing breadth 40+ subjects Age 16 Cambridge Secondary 2 70+ subjects Age 14 Cambridge Secondary 1 English/Mathematics/Science Age 11 Cambridge Primary English/Mathematics/Science Age 5 Cambridge AICE • an advanced academic pre-university qualification for students who are studying Cambridge International A and AS Levels • offers students the opportunity to tailor their studies to individual interests, abilities and future plans • Combines breadth of study with choice and flexibility • involves the selection of subjects from three curriculum areas: – Mathematics and Science – Languages – Arts and Humanities Support for teachers and students • Results and analysis Available • Syllabuses online • Past exam papers, rubrics • Examiners’ reports • Schemes of work • Examples of performance at different grades • Textbooks, workbooks • Training and professional development CIE public website Teacher support site Teacher training: workshops & online courses • Stage 1 for teachers new to CIE syllabuses – Focus on the syllabus – Examples of standards – Advice on resources • Stage 2 – Assumes experience of CIE syllabuses – Focus on teaching and learning – Discussion of classroom strategies • Stage 3 – Research/review of own practice Cambridge IGCSE, AICE Benchmarked for international comparability Customized for local/state relevance Locally relevant Changes to content to reflect Changes to assessment content/contexts national standards and state structure and combination core curriculum rules required for Choice of certification authors/historical topics Changes to reporting of etc. achievement and definitions of standards Spelling and vocabulary Thank you – Questions?