Cashmere yarns

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                 Yarns and fibers in cashmere




                           Cashmere

                                               fibers
                                             tow/tops
                                            spun yarns

                                           Introduction
                                            Properties
                                           Applications
                                              Grades
                                          Processability
                                         Background info
                                         Supplier Partner

                     Cashmere (Kashmir)

Introduction

Cashmere the fiber of kings, is a valuable natural fiber and a
high-quality material of the textile industry. It is also eulogized
as "fibre diamond" or "soft gold". Sixty percent of the world's
supply of Cashmere is produced in China and the remainder
in Turkey, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Kashmir, Australia and New
Zealand.

Cashmere goats are easy to raise. They can survive on
bushes, trees, desert scrub and aromatic herbs when sheep
and cattle would starve to death. They are healthy animals
and take only minimal care and are sheared once a year - a

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full grown adult will yield as much as 2&1/2 pounds of fleece.
The fleece consists of two kinds of fiber, Cashmere which
accounts for up to 60% and guard hair the rest. The fleece
then is dehaired and called dehaired goatswool




To keep out cold during winter times there appears a kind of
fine and thick under fur on the goats body. The colder it is, the
thicker, finer and longer the under fur becomes.

The coarse wool taken from goats will undergo the process of
selecting, washing and combing, so the coarse hair, skin
scraps, oil and other contents are excluded - this final product
is called cashmere. Its fineness is 7-19 microns with average
fineness about 14 microns. Cashmere fibre is light, soft,
smooth, resilient, moisture-absorbing and is keeping warm. Its
luster is natural and soft. The annual output in China is 9,000-
10,000 tons. The best cashmere comes from the grassland of
Inner Mongolia autonomous region of China.




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Properties

Fibre is cylindrical, soft and silken. More like wool than any
other hair fibre. Has a very soft silky finish; very light in
weight. Doesn't stand up to hard wear on account of
extremely soft downy finish. Natural fibre is white, black,
brown or gray but can be died a variety of shades. Comes in
different weights.




Applications

Cashmere can be made into various kinds of products like

   •   - scarves
   •   - shawls
   •   - sweaters
   •   - hats
   •   - underwear
   •   - apparel
   •   - socks
   •   - quilts etc




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•   Cautions for wearing
    In order to avoid the pilling caused by local friction,
    the lining of the outerwear must be slippery when the
    cashmere garment is worn inside. Never load pen
    booklet wallet and other hard material in the pocket.
    When the cashmere garment is worn outside, you
    should minimize the friction between the cashmere
    garment and hard things (for example; the friction
    between the cuff and desk surface the cuff and the
    armrest of sofa? back part and sofa etc.).
    In order to avoid the fiber fatigue and recover its
    elasticity, the cashmere garment is not suitable for
    long term of wearing and about ten days of interval is
    needed.




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•   Cautions for washing
    1. Under the normal conditions, hand-washing is
    acceptable.

    2. Firstly measure the chest size body length and cuff
    length and make a record of it before washing, then
    turnover the cashmere garments and check if it is
    severely contaminated. Make a mark if contamination
    occurs.

    3.Put the special cleaning agent into the water of 35
    degree C for mixing, and then put the cashmere
    garments in the mixed water for soaking for 15-30
    minutes. High density of washing detergent is used
    when adopting the way of pressing and squeezing for
    washing the cuff and collar and other heavily
    contaminated spot and slightly patting other parts of
    the garment. If the cashmere garment is
    contaminated with coffee juice blood and other
    material, you should send it to the special laundry for
    washing.

    4. In order to avoid colour mixing, jacquard and multi-
    colour cashmere garments are not suitable for
    soaking, and so it is with the different colour of
    cashmere garments.

    5.After the washing is finished, rinsing the cashmere
    garments with 30 degree of centigrade water. Hand
    feeling will be better when you put the outfitted
    softening agent into the rinsing water in accordance
    with the instruction.

    6. Squeezing out the washed cashmere garment, and
    then put it into the detraction cone of washing
    machine for detracting.

    7. Flat the detracted cashmere garments on the table
    which is covered with towel blanket and measured it


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      to its original size with ruler, and then put it to its
      prototype with hands for drying in the shade. Never
      hang it for direct sunlight.

      8. After drying in the shade, you can iron it with
      steaming flatiron (about 140 degree C), the flatiron
      should keep the distance of 0.5-1cm from the
      cashmere garment, never press it directly on the
      cashmere garment, if you use other type of flatiron for
      ironing, a wet towel must be padded under it.




  •   Cautions for collection
      In order to avoid the deformation of its drapability, the
      cashmere garment must be washed and dried clean
      before collection, then folded and put into the plastic
      bag. Never hang it, and mix it with other material in
      the same bag. It must be stored in good ventilation no
      sunlight and dry places. Direct contact must be
      avoided between moth-eaten proof agent and the
      stored cashmere garment.

Grades

  •   fibers
  •   tow/tops
  •   spun yarns


Processability


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CASHMERE PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION

Cashmere is the fine fiber that comes from the soft
undercoat or under layer of hair of a goat. It is an extremely
rare fiber and is available in limited supply. One goat yields
an average of four to six ounces of fiber. It takes 32 ounces
of fiber to make one sports jacket and 10 to 12 ounces of
fiber to make one two-ply sweater.




There are following steps in cashmere production:

   1. Collecting
      Cashmere fibers are collected by either combing or
      shearing the animal during the molting season. Goats
      molt during a several week period in the spring.
   2. Sorting/Scouring
      Hand sorting for coarse hair takes place. After
      sorting, the fiber is washed to remove dirt, grease
      and any vegetable matter gathered in the collection
      process.
   3. Dehairing
      The scoured material is then dehaired. This step
      removes vegetable matter, dandruff and the coarse
      outer guard hair. At the end of this process, the
      cashmere is ready to be spun into yarns for weaving
      and knitting, the fourth and fifth steps.




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Background information

There are three basic kinds of goat fibre….The history of
fibre producing goats is long, probably dating back as far as
9,000 BC and probably where Turkey is on today’s map of
the world. Research indicates that the Bezoar Wild Goat
(Capra aegagrus) was the main ancestor of the domestic
goat (Capra hircus) which spread across the Old World to
China


Our supplier partner

Hebei Founder is a state-owned company in China with a
history of nearly 30 years in the line of import and export
animal by-products.




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