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									Legal Service Commission
     Annual Report 2003
Contents

Preface by The Honourable the Chief Justice    2
Leadership                                     4
Organisational Excellence                     19
Advancing the Rule of Law                     23
Programmes and Milestones                     67
Pride in Service                              89
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                      Preface by
            The Honourable the Chief Justice




This is a challenging time for Singapore and           account the inconstant operating landscape.
the Legal Service. As our nation faces uncertain       We must continue to be vigilant and ensure
times ahead, we can expect to deal with                that our officers remain effective, responsive
complex legal and ethical issues that arise from       and progressive, to face new frontiers and
socio-politico-economic changes on the global          ever-changing environments. They must at the
stage. The Legal Service, as a premier public          same time persevere with upholding the Rule
service and key public institution, must be            of Law and ensuring the fair and efficient
ready and meet these challenges, taking into           administration of justice in Singapore.




                                                   2
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                             Preface by
                   The Honourable the Chief Justice


This continued commitment to our strategic              augment the special expertise within the Legal
mission rests critically on the talent and              Service in areas that lie at the forefront of the
expertise of the officers in our ranks. We              world’s economic growth, and equip our
must therefore continuously and rigorously              officers to effectively deal with complex legal
improve the quality of our officers and hone            and social issues.
them into effective leaders who can serve our
country well.                                           In further enhancing the existing culture of
                                                        innovation and excellence in the Legal Service,
The professional expertise of our officers              we conferred for the first time this past year,
must always be of the highest quality, and              the Chief Justice’s Award and the Attorney-
remain at the forefront of new developments             General’s Award. The individual awards
in the legal arena. Continuing education is vital       recognise and celebrate exemplary officers in
in facilitating this fundamental principle. To          each Branch of the Service. In addition, we
that end, we have enhanced the Legal Service            conferred team awards to officers in each
Professional Development Programme by                   Branch who led innovations that have
introducing the Advanced Legal Programme.               benefited the Legal Service and the public.
This programme enables the senior officers to
continually upgrade their professional legal            This is indeed a challenging time for the Legal
expertise by pursuing courses in the new and            Service, not only in the legal domain, but also
emerging areas of law at the Law Faculty of             in meeting the keen competition in the global
the National University of Singapore.                   race for human capital. I am confident that
Additionally, we initiated a lecture series on          the initiatives taken will produce an excellent,
the Chinese Legal System and Business Law,              resourceful and fully-committed Legal Service
in recognition of the increasing importance of          that will ensure that our legal system and
China, currently one of the world’s fastest             infrastructure continue to serve our country
growing economies. This has further enhanced            and people well.
our officers’ understanding of China’s legal and
business framework. Further, the programmes
and initiatives of the Technology Law Core
Group and the Biomedical Sciences Core
Group of the Legal Service have greatly
advanced the knowledge and skills of our
officers in new areas of law. The officers in           The Honourable the Chief Justice
these two core groups also pursue postgraduate          Yong Pung How
courses specialising in their respective fields.        President, Legal Service Commission
With these programmes, we will continue to              15 March 2004




                                                    3
LEADERSHIP
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                       Leadership


                       THE LEGAL SERVICE COMMISSION

The Legal Service Commission is constituted
by Part IX of the Constitution of the Republic
of Singapore. Article 111(1) of the Constitution
                                                             CONSTITUTION OF THE
states that there shall be a Legal Service
                                                           LEGAL SERVICE COMMISSION
Commission whose jurisdiction shall extend to
                                                             AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2003
all officers in the Singapore Legal Service (“the
Legal Service”).
                                                                    PRESIDENT
Article 111(2) of the Constitution provides
that the Legal Service Commission (“the
                                                            Chief Justice Yong Pung How
Commission”) shall consist of:
                                                           The Honourable the Chief Justice
• the Chief Justice, as President;
                                                              (from 28 September 1990)
• the Attorney-General;
• the Chairman of the Public Service
                                                                     MEMBERS
  Commission;
• a Judge of the Supreme Court nominated
                                                                Mr Chan Sek Keong
  generally or specially by the Chief Justice; and
                                                           The Honourable Attorney-General
• not more than two members of the Public
                                                                 (from 1 May 1992)
  Service Commission nominated generally or
  specially by the Chairman of the Public
                                                               Dr Andrew G. K. Chew
  Service Commission.
                                                         Chairman, Public Service Commission
                                                                (from 1 August 1998)
The Commission has the duty under Article
111(3) of the Constitution to appoint, confirm,
                                                         The Honourable Justice Tan Lee Meng
emplace on the permanent or pensionable
                                                                Judge, Supreme Court
establishment, promote, transfer, dismiss and
                                                                (from 23 March 2000)
exercise disciplinary control over officers in the
Legal Service.
                                                               Mr Kwa Chong Seng
                                                          Member, Public Service Commission
Under Article 111(4) of the Constitution, the
                                                                (from 10 July 1998)
Commission may delegate to any officer in the
Legal Service or to any board of such officers
                                                                Mr Lim Chin Beng
appointed by it, any of its functions under
                                                          Member, Public Service Commission
Article 111(3) in respect of any grade of service,
                                                              (from 11 August 1998)
and that officer or board shall exercise those
functions under the direction and control of
the Commission.

                                                     5
                The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                Leadership




THE LEGAL SERVICE COMMISSION

Left to Right
Front Row:
The Honourable Attorney-General Mr Chan Sek Keong
The Honourable the Chief Justice Yong Pung How
 (President, Legal Service Commission)
Dr Andrew G.K. Chew
 (Chairman, Public Service Commission)

2nd Row:
Mr Kwa Chong Seng
The Honourable Justice Tan Lee Meng
Mr Lim Chin Beng
                                      6
                   The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                       Leadership



THE SPECIAL PERSONNEL BOARD                           • consider and recommend to the Commission
                                                        the promotions, the performance bonuses and
The Special Personnel Board of the Singapore            variable increments of all Timescale Justices’
Legal Service (“the Special Personnel Board”)           Law Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law Clerks;
comprises The Honourable the Chief Justice
                                                      • review and endorse the Currently Estimated
Yong Pung How, as the Chairman, and the
                                                        Potential and performance gradings of all
Honourable Attorney-General Mr Chan
                                                        Timescale Legal Service Officers (excluding
Sek Keong and the Honourable Justice Tan
                                                        Justices’ Law Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law
Lee Meng as members.                                    Clerks) as accorded by the Senior Personnel
                                                        Board;
The functions of the Special Personnel Board
are to:                                               • review and endorse the performance bonus
                                                        recommendations of all Timescale Legal
• consider the recommendations of the                   Service Officers (excluding Justices’ Law
  Senior Personnel Board of the Singapore               Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law Clerks);
  Legal Service (“the Senior Personnel Board”)
  and appoint candidates, with at least five          • review and endorse the promotion
  years of relevant legal experience, as                recommendations of all Timescale Legal
                                                        Service Officers (excluding Justices’ Law
  Timescale Legal Service Officers in the
                                                        Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law Clerks);
  Legal Service. The candidates considered are
  those with specific expertise or experience         • consider and recommend to the Commission
  which will be useful to the Legal Service,            the promotions, the performance bonuses
  and those holding positions of responsibility         and variable increments of all Timescale
  in large law firms;                                   Legal Service Officers (excluding Justices’
                                                        Law Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law Clerks);
• interview and appoint suitable candidates
  as Superscale Legal Service Officers in the         • assess the Currently Estimated Potential
  Legal Service. The candidates considered are          and performance of all Superscale Legal
  those with specific expertise or experience           Service Officers;
  which will be useful to the Legal Service;
                                                      • consider and recommend to the Commission
• interview and appoint candidates, who have            the promotions, the performance bonuses
                                                        and variable increments of all Superscale
  excellent academic credentials, as Justices’
                                                        Legal Service Officers;
  Law Clerks in the Legal Service;
                                                      • recommend deserving Legal Service Officers
• assess and rank the Currently Estimated               for the National Day Awards; and
  Potential and performance of all Timescale
  Justices’ Law Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law           • deal with other personnel functions in the
  Clerks in the Legal Service;                          Legal Service.

                                                  7
                The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                               Leadership




THE SPECIAL PERSONNEL BOARD OF THE
SINGAPORE LEGAL SERVICE

Left to Right
The Honourable Attorney-General Mr Chan Sek Keong
The Honourable the Chief Justice Yong Pung How
 (Chairman, Special Personnel Board)
The Honourable Justice Tan Lee Meng
 (Judge of the Supreme Court)




                                      8
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                        Leadership



THE SENIOR PERSONNEL BOARD                               Special Legal Service No-Pay Leave for
                                                         ChildCare Scheme) for placement on the
The Commission delegated, effective                      supernumerary posts;
1 November 1995, to the Senior Personnel
Board the authority to:                                • endorse and recommend to The Honourable
                                                         the Chief Justice and the Honourable
• interview and appoint candidates, with less            Attorney-General the postings, pursuant to
  than five years of relevant legal experience,          the Open Resource Posting System and other
  as Legal Service Officers under its prescribed         guidelines, of Legal Service Officers within
  guidelines;                                            and between the Judicial and the Legal
                                                         Branches; and
• interview and recommend to the Special
  Personnel Board the appointment of                   • deal with other personnel functions as
  candidates, with at least five years of                may be directed by the President of the
  relevant legal experience, as Timescale Legal          Commission.
  Service Officers in the Legal Service.
  The candidates considered are those with
  specific expertise or experience which will          MEMBERS OF THE
  be useful to the Legal Service, and those            SENIOR PERSONNEL BOARD
  holding positions of responsibility in large         AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2003
  law firms;
                                                       CHAIRMAN
• review and endorse the Currently Estimated           Mr Chan Seng Onn
  Potential and performance gradings of all            Solicitor-General,
  Timescale Legal Service Officers (excluding          Attorney-General’s Chambers
  Justices’ Law Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law
  Clerks), as recommended by the Heads of              MEMBERS
  Departments, the Departmental Clusters
                                                       Mr Lee Seiu Kin
  and Ranking Panels;
                                                       Second Solicitor-General,
                                                       Attorney-General’s Chambers
• recommend to the Special Personnel Board
  the promotions of all Timescale Legal
  Service Officers (excluding Justices’ Law            Mr Richard Magnus
  Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law Clerks);                 Senior District Judge,
                                                       Subordinate Courts
• approve applications of Timescale Legal
  Service Officers (excluding Justices’ Law            Mrs Koh Juat Jong
  Clerks and ex-Justices’ Law Clerks)                  Registrar,
  who proceed on no-pay leave (under the               Supreme Court

                                                   9
                 The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                    Leadership




THE SENIOR PERSONNEL BOARD OF THE
SINGAPORE LEGAL SERVICE

Left to Right
Mrs Koh Juat Jong
 (Registrar, Supreme Court)
Mr Lee Seiu Kin
 (Second Solicitor-General)
Mr Chan Seng Onn
 (Chairman, Senior Personnel Board and Solicitor-General)
Mr Richard Magnus
 (Senior District Judge)


                                           10
                   The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                      Leadership



LEGAL SERVICE COMMISSION                              offered appointment as Trainee Legal Service
MEETINGS                                              Officers and will commence duties in the Legal
                                                      Service in 2004.
During the year under review from 1 January to
31 December 2003, the Commission met to:
                                                      JUSTICES’ LAW CLERKS
• appraise the potential and performance of
  Legal Service Officers and award performance        During the year, seven Justices’ Law Clerks
  bonuses and variable increments;                    were appointed. This included two applicants
                                                      who had originally been appointed Trainee
• consider the suitability of Legal Service           Legal Service Officers and later Legal Service
  Officers for promotions; and                        Officers. In addition, one Legal Service Officer,
                                                      who was appointed in 2002, was re-posted
• consider the implementation of various              and appointed a Justices’ Law Clerk in 2003.
  personnel functions for the Legal Service.          During the year, one other applicant was
                                                      offered appointment as a Justices’ Law Clerk
The Commission also deliberated and decided           and will commence duty in the Legal Service
on appointments and a variety of other matters        in 2004.
concerning the Legal Service by circulation
of papers.
                                                                            TABLE 1

                                                       RECRUITMENT 2003 (as at 31 December 2003)
RECRUITMENT

The Commission received 79 applications                NUMBER OF APPLICANTS                             79
for appointment to the Legal Service. Table 1          NUMBER INTERVIEWED                               31
provides the statistics on the recruitment of
Legal Service Officers in 2003.                        NUMBER SELECTED                                  21

                                                       NUMBER APPOINTED IN 2003                         18*

TRAINEE LEGAL SERVICE OFFICERS
                                                      * includes two Trainee Legal Service Officers who were
During the year, five applicants who were               appointed Legal Service Officers; three Trainee Legal
initially appointed Trainee Legal Service               Service Officers who were offered appointment in
                                                        2002 but who joined the Legal Service in 2003, and
Officers were later appointed Legal Service
                                                        subsequently appointed Legal Service Officers in
Officers. Two of these Legal Service Officers           2003; and two Legal Service Officers who were
were subsequently appointed Justices’ Law               offered appointment in 2001 and 2002 but who joined
Clerks. In addition, two other applicants were          the Legal Service in 2003.



                                                 11
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                         Leadership



PLACEMENT ON THE                                          Officers was subsequently re-posted to the
PERMANENT ESTABLISHMENT /                                 Legal Policy Division, Ministry of Law
CONFIRMATION IN SERVICE /                                 effective 1 June 2003, while the second was
EXTENSION OF CONTRACT                                     re-posted to the Subordinate Courts effective
                                                          1 September 2003. The third Legal Service
The Commission approved the placement of                  Officer resigned from the Legal Service
12 Legal Service Officers, including six Justices’        effective 15 August 2003 to join the permanent
Law Clerks, on the permanent establishment.               establishment of the SLA.

The Commission also approved the                          The secondment of a Superscale Legal
confirmation of five Legal Service Officers,              Service Officer, from the Criminal Justice
including three Justices’ Law Clerks, on the              Division of the Attorney-General’s Chambers,
permanent establishment.                                  as the Director of the Commercial Affairs
                                                          Department, Singapore Police Force, was
During the year, one Legal Service Officer’s              extended for another two years, effective
contract was extended.                                    10 January 2003.

                                                          A Superscale Legal Service Officer, on
SECONDMENTS                                               secondment for three years effective 1 April
                                                          2001 to the Parliament Secretariat, continued
The secondment of a Superscale Legal Service              the functions of Clerk of Parliament.
Officer to the Intellectual Property Office of
Singapore, as the CEO and Director-General,               A Superscale Legal Service Officer resumed
was extended for another two years effective              duty at the Legislation Division of the
1 April 2003.                                             Attorney-General’s Chambers effective
                                                          1 September 2003, upon completion of a
Four Legal Service Officers had been seconded             one-year secondment as a Legal Consultant
to the Singapore Land Authority (“SLA”) since             to the Prime Minister’s Office.
1 June 2001, upon the conversion of the
Singapore Land Registry to a statutory board.             A Timescale Legal Service Officer was
One Superscale Legal Service Officer’s                    seconded for a year effective 1 July 2003,
secondment was extended for another year,                 from the Subordinate Courts, to the Ministry
effective 1 June 2003, as the Registrar of                of Foreign Affairs to undertake policy work.
Titles & Deeds and Controller of Residential              Two other Timescale Legal Service Officers
Property (the officer performs the concurrent             continued their respective secondments,
functions of Chief Legal Officer, Deputy Chief            from the Supreme Court Registry, to
Executive Officer and Commissioner of                     the Ministry of Trade & Industry (effective
Lands). One of the Timescale Legal Service                1 July 2002) and the Ministry of Manpower


                                                     12
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                         Leadership



(effective 1 September 2002) to undertake                Officers were promoted into the Superscale
policy work.                                             grade, and 35 Timescale Legal Service Officers
                                                         were promoted within the Timescale grades to
The secondment of a Timescale Legal Service              the next higher grade.
Officer to the Singapore Academy of Law
(“SAL”), as the Assistant Director (Legal
Education), was extended for another year,               VARIABLE INCREMENTS
effective 16 July 2003. Another Timescale
Legal Service Officer, from the Criminal Justice         All Legal Service Officers were considered
Division of the Attorney-General’s Chambers,             for the award of variable increments in the
was seconded to the SAL as the Assistant                 April 2003 Variable Increment Exercise.
Director (LawNet & MIS) for a year effective             The variable increments were awarded on
1 January 2003.                                          merit. The confirmed Legal Service Officers
                                                         received their variable increments in
The total number of Legal Service Officers               April 2003. Legal Service Officers who were
on secondment from the Legal Service in 2003             on contract or probation received their
was 13.                                                  variable increments on their respective
                                                         incremental dates.
The secondment of an Assistant Professor for
one year, from the Law Faculty of the National
University of Singapore (“NUS”) to undertake             PERFORMANCE BONUS
legal work at the International Affairs Division
of the Attorney-General’s Chambers,                      All Legal Service Officers were considered
concluded on 31 May 2003. Another Assistant              for the award of performance bonus for
Professor from the NUS was seconded to the               work done in 2002. The performance
Legal Service to participate in the Justices’ Law        bonuses were awarded on merit. The
Clerks Programme at the Supreme Court for                performance bonuses were paid in March
six months from 1 January to 30 June 2003.               2003. Legal Service Officers awarded
Both officers resumed duties at the NUS upon             performance bonuses in March 2003 would
completion of the respective secondments.                be eligible for the Loyalty Payments for the
                                                         following two years if they remain with the
                                                         Legal Service till 30 April (or 31 May for
PROMOTIONS                                               Superscale officers) of the year of payment.

In the April 2003 Promotion Exercise, six
Superscale Legal Service Officers were
promoted within the Superscale grades to the
next higher grade, two Timescale Legal Service


                                                    13
                   The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                       Leadership



TRAINING AND CAREER                                    universities. There were also management
DEVELOPMENT                                            training awards. A structured progression
In order to provide every Legal Service Officer        and training framework with milestone
the opportunity to maximise his potential              programmes at key stages of their careers was
through an interesting and rewarding career,           developed for Legal Service Officers.
Legal Service Officers were nominated in 2003
for local and overseas training programmes.            The details of the training awards and
The training awards were granted to officers           scholarships awarded to Legal Service Officers
who displayed outstanding potential to be              in 2003 are set out at Table 2.
groomed for greater responsibilities and
leadership roles. The officers were awarded            The number of Legal Service Officers who
scholarships to undertake postgraduate                 attended milestone programmes in 2003 is
courses in law at local and overseas                   provided at Table 3.


                                             TABLE 2

                  TRAINING AWARDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS AWARDED IN 2003


                                                                                          NO. OF
                                   SCHOLARSHIP/TRAINING AWARDS              COUNTRY
                                                                                         OFFICERS


 LSC SCHOLARSHIPS AWARDED          LLM (GENERAL)                                UK            1
 FOR ACADEMIC YEAR
 2003 / 2004                       LLM (SPECIALISED)                            USA           2
                                                                                SIN           1

                                   LSC TRAINING AWARD                           USA           1
                                   (FULL-PAY STUDY LEAVE) FOR
                                   LLM (GENERAL)

                                   LSC TRAINING AWARD                           USA           1
                                   (WITH LKY SCHOLARSHIP)
                                   FOR LLM (GENERAL)

 LSC SCHOLARSHIPS AWARDED          LLM (GENERAL)                                UK            1
 FOR ACADEMIC YEAR
 2004 / 2005                       LLM (SPECIALISED)                            SIN           1

 MANAGEMENT TRAINING               EXECUTIVE DEVELOPMENT                       USA            5
 AWARDS FOR 2003                   PROGRAMME                                 FRANCE           1



                                                  14
                   The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                      Leadership



                                            TABLE 3

         MILESTONE PROGRAMMES ATTENDED BY LEGAL SERVICE OFFICERS IN 2003


 COURSE                                                                            NO. OF OFFICERS


 LEGAL SERVICE INDUCTION COURSE                                                            20
 EXECUTIVE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (EDP)                                                      6
 SENIOR MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME (SMP)                                                          2




LEGAL SERVICE INDUCTION COURSE                        An extensive series of learning visits to various
                                                      Legal Service Departments, key enforcement
The uncertainty over the SARS situation saw           agencies and investigation/support bodies
the Fourth Legal Service Induction Course             provided the Legal Service Officers a
(“the Fourth Induction Course”) being                 contextual understanding of the Singapore
postponed from June 2003 to September 2003.           legal and judicial systems, and their interactions
Twenty Legal Service Officers from various            with key strategic partners and constituents.
Legal Service Departments attended the                The briefings and dialogue sessions also
Fourth Induction Course from 16 September             promoted greater appreciation of the critical
to 4 October 2003.                                    roles the various Legal Service Departments
                                                      and other Ministries perform in upholding
The Fourth Induction Course commenced                 and enhancing the rule of law and the
with a four-day Team-Building programme at            administration of justice, as well as maintaining
the Outward Bound Singapore on Pulau Ubin.            Singapore’s economic competitiveness and
The programme promoted camaraderie,                   success, and the governance of Singapore.
forged closer ties, and provided opportunities
for interaction amongst the participating             The participants found the course very useful
officers.                                             and informative. The positive feedback
                                                      indicated that all of the objectives of the
                                                      Induction Course were fully achieved.




                                                 15
                   The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                       Leadership



ADVANCED MANAGEMENT                                    SENIOR MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME
PROGRAMME AND
EXECUTIVE DEVELOPMENT                                  The Senior Management Programme, managed
PROGRAMME                                              by the Civil Service College, aims to broaden
                                                       and deepen officers’ understanding of
The Advanced Management Programme                      Singapore’s principles of governance and
and the Executive Development Programme                policy implementation issues at the middle
aim to further enhance the leadership and              management level.
general management capabilities of officers.
They are intended to groom the officers with           A Superscale Legal Service Officer each from
high potential for greater responsibilities            the Attorney-General’s Chambers and the
and leadership positions in the Legal Service.         Subordinate Courts attended the 10th Senior
Six Superscale Legal Service Officers undertook        Management Programme from April to
the Executive Development Programme                    May 2003.
in 2003.

One officer from the Subordinate Courts                LEGAL SERVICE COMMISSION
attended the International Executive                   POSTGRADUATE SCHOLARSHIPS
Programme at the INSEAD, France,
from February to April 2003. Three other               Two officers were awarded the Legal Service
officers, from the Supreme Court Registry,             Commission Postgraduate Scholarships (“the
the Subordinate Courts and the Registry                LSC Scholarships”) to pursue the General LLM
of Companies & Businesses, attended                    at the Harvard Law School, Harvard
the Stanford Executive Program at the                  University, USA; and the University College
Graduate School of Business, Stanford                  London, University of London, UK. Another
University, USA, from June to August                   three officers were awarded the LSC
2003. Another two officers, from the                   Scholarships to pursue the Specialist LLM at
Subordinate Courts and the Attorney-General’s          the Santa Clara University, USA; the George
Chambers, attended the Program for                     Washington University, USA; and the NUS.
Management Development at the Harvard                  One officer was awarded the LSC Training
Business School, Harvard University, USA,              Award (with the Lee Kuan Yew Scholarship)
from September to November 2003.                       to pursue the General LLM at the Harvard
                                                       Law School, Harvard University, USA.




                                                  16
                  The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                     Leadership



One officer was awarded the LSC Scholarship          order to garner vital skills and competencies
in 2003 and granted a deferment of attendance        essential in this area.
to 2004 (at the Specialist LLM at the NUS).
One other officer was awarded the LSC                A member of the TLCG was selected for
Scholarship to undertake the BCL at the              the LSC Scholarship to undertake the
University of Oxford, UK in 2004.                    Specialist LLM at the NUS. Two other
                                                     members proceeded to pursue the Specialist
                                                     LLM programmes in the United States in
TECHNOLOGY LAW CORE GROUP                            June and August 2003. In addition, two
                                                     members who completed the Specialist LLM
The Technology Law Core Group (“TLCG”)               programmes in the United States resumed
was established by the Legal Service                 duties in June 2003.
Commission in November 2000. The TLCG
was formed to build a core group of IT-
savvy Legal Service Officers to facilitate           BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES CORE GROUP
Government’s role in building a legal and
regulatory infrastructure conducive to the           The Biomedical Sciences Core Group
growth of the IT industry in Singapore.              (“BSCG”) enhanced its activities in 2003. The
                                                     BSCG was established to develop a group of
The TLCG was led by the two Mentors who              Legal Service Officers who were conversant
set the general direction of the work                with developments in the biomedical
throughout 2003.                                     sciences, and knowledgeable about the
                                                     legal repercussions of these developments,
The Legal Service Officers in the TLCG are           especially in their practical impact in Singapore.
provided specialised training and exposure to
acquire expertise in IT Law, new technology          In May 2003, the BSCG saw a change in
and business processes in the IT Industry.           leadership as the then-serving Mentors
The officers are nominated for scholarships          completed their one-year appointments. Two
to pursue the Specialist LLM in IT Law, and          Legal Service Officers, one from each Branch
specially tailored work-shops and seminars.          of the Legal Service, assumed the mentorship
                                                     of the BSCG.
The career development framework of the
Members of the TLCG was further enhanced             One BSCG member was awarded the LSC
by the various opportunities for them to             Scholarship to pursue the Specialist LLM
experience different aspects of legal work in        (specialising in biomedical issues) in 2004.




                                                17
                       The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                                              Leadership



ATTRITION                                                   ESTABLISHMENT

The attrition rate of Legal Service Officers                As at 31 December 2003, the number of Legal
decreased over the last three years. The                    Service Officers in the two Branches of the
percentage of Legal Service Officers who left the           Legal Service is shown in Table 5.
Legal Service on resignation in 2003 was at an
all-time low of 2.1%. The comparison table
providing the details is at Table 4.


                                                     TABLE 4

                                           ATTRITION, 2001 – 2003


                                                                                       2001         2002          2003

                                                                                                         1             1
    RESIGNATIONS                                                                           17        9             6
                                                                                            2                          2
    RETIREMENT                                                                              3        3             2
    EXPIRY OF CONTRACT                                                                      2        1             1
                                                                                                                       3
    TRANSFER TO ANOTHER SCHEME OF SERVICE / STATUTORY BOARD                                 4        0             1



1
    Includes one Legal Service Officer who resigned to join the Singapore Land Authority
2
    Includes one Legal Service Officer who passed away
3
    The Legal Service Officer was appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court




                                                     TABLE 5

                                               ESTABLISHMENT


                                                                     NO. OF POSTS               NO. OF OFFICERS


    JUDICIAL BRANCH                                                        103*                              98
    LEGAL BRANCH                                                           193                        181
    LSC SECRETARIAT SUPERNUMERARY POSTS                                      15                               9
    TOTAL                                                                  311                        288



* 17 Legal Service Officer posts in the Subordinate Courts were converted effective 10 June 2003.


                                                       18
ORGANISATIONAL EXCELLENCE
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                    Organisational Excellence


THE LEGAL SERVICE COMMISSION                         CHIEF OF STAFF AND DEPUTY CHIEF
SECRETARIAT                                          OF STAFF

The Legal Service Commission Secretariat             Mr Hamzah Moosa, on secondment from the
(“the LSC Secretariat”) is responsible for the       Subordinate Courts, was appointed the Chief
execution of all human resource functions of         of Staff on 1 November 2001. The appointment
the Legal Service, in accordance with the            was further extended for another year effective
directives of the Legal Service Commission and       1 November 2003.
the prevailing Public Service personnel policies
and guidelines. These human resource functions       Ms Jennifer Marie was appointed the
include appointments, performance and                Deputy Chief of Staff (on a part-time basis)
potential appraisals, promotions, review of          on 1 November 2001. The appointment
salaries and bonuses, career development,            was further extended for another year effective
postings, training and discipline.                   1 November 2003. She concurrently holds the
                                                     appointment of Senior State Counsel at the
The LSC Secretariat was restructured on              Criminal Justice Division, Attorney-General’s
1 November 2000 to implement the                     Chambers.
recommendations of the Human Resource
Management Review Working Committee.
The Working Committee was formed in June             MILESTONE PROGRAMMES
2000 to review the human resource policies and
practices of the Legal Service.                      The LSC Secretariat implemented various
                                                     initiatives and programmes in 2003 for the
In addition, the LSC Secretariat implemented         career development and training of Legal
management strategies, systems and structures        Service Officers. The programmes included
to enhance the position of the Legal Service as      the following:
a premier service in the Singapore Public Service
and as a world-class institution that enhances       • Advanced Legal Programme;
the Rule of Law in Singapore.
                                                     • Professional Training and Attachment
The LSC Secretariat, in addition to its primary        Scheme;
function as the Secretariat of the Legal Service
Commission, also performed secretariat               • Secondments to Ministries to undertake
functions for the Special and Senior Personnel         policy work in positions typically assumed
Boards of the Legal Service.                           by Administrative Officers;




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                     Organisational Excellence




THE LEGAL SERVICE COMMISSION SECRETARIAT

Left to Right
Front Row:                  2nd Row:                   Ms Kavita Tej Pal
Yong Jiann Yeu              Ms Samantha Wong           Mohd Joffri Kassim
Ms Jeanne Kuik              Ms Angeline Chew
 (Senior Asst Director)     Ms See Bee Keow            Not in picture:
Hamzah Moosa                Mrs Yumei Glander          Ms Jennifer Marie
 (Chief of Staff)                                       (Deputy Chief of Staff)
Andre Tan                   3rd Row:                   Andre Moses Tan
Ms Jasmine Quah Zubair      Mrs Chong-Lau Mee Yoke     Ms Jane Tan Beng Hong
                            Ms Jacinta Pereira



                                       21
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                       Organisational Excellence



• Secondments to statutory boards / public        CORPORATE MANAGEMENT VALUES
  institutions to undertake specialist legal
  work / specialist functions;                    In the execution of its role, the LSC Secretariat
                                                  was guided by the following corporate
• Open Resource Posting System;                   management values:

• Professional Development Programme              • recruit and retain the best legal talent;
  – Lecture Series;
                                                  • maximise the potential of every Legal Service
• Induction Course;                                 Officer through effective career development
                                                    and training;
• Overseas Advanced Management
  Programmes;                                     • empower individual Legal Service Officers
                                                    to take charge and be accountable for their
• Overseas Executive Development                    own careers;
  Programmes;
                                                  • recognise performance and potential through
• Overseas Postgraduate Scholarships in Law;        appropriate reward mechanisms; and

• Local Postgraduate Scholarships in Law;         • be transparent, consistent and innovative in
                                                    people management.
• Specialist Postgraduate Scholarships in Law;
                                                  The work of the LSC Secretariat, premised upon
• Legislative Drafting Attachment Scheme;         these core corporate values, ensured that the
                                                  Legal Service continued to attract and retain
• Leadership in Administration Programme;         its fair share of the best talent in an increasingly
                                                  competitive and mobile labour market.
• Senior Management Programme; and

• Directorships in statutory boards.




                                             22
ADVANCING   THE   RULE   OF   LAW
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                    Advancing the Rule of Law


The Legal Service had, as at 31 December                  SUPREME COURT
2003, 288 Legal Service Officers serving in its
ranks. These officers continued to undertake              The Supreme Court is at the apex of Singapore’s
the critical role of further enhancing the Rule           judicial system. It comprises the Court of Appeal
of Law and administration of justice and                  and the High Court. The Court of Appeal is the
providing our nation with an efficient and                highest court of the land. It hears appeals
effective judicial and legal framework. The               against High Court decisions in both civil and
officers may serve in one of the two branches             criminal proceedings. Generally, civil cases are
of the Legal Service – the Judicial Branch or             commenced in the High Court only if the value
the Legal Branch, and may be posted to either             of the claim or subject matter of the dispute
Branch in the course of their careers. The                exceeds $250,000, or if the law requires that such
following is an overview of the Branches and              cases be commenced in the High Court. Criminal
the roles and functions undertaken by the                 cases prosecuted in the High Court usually
officers in 2003.                                         involve serious offences that are punishable with
                                                          death or imprisonment for a term exceeding
                                                          10 years. The High Court also hears appeals
JUDICIAL BRANCH                                           against the decisions of the Subordinate Courts
                                                          in both civil and criminal proceedings.
The Judiciary is one of the three Organs of State.
Legal Service Officers in the Judicial Branch             Legal Service Officers posted to the Supreme
administer justice in accordance with the law             Court as Judicial Officers serve in the Registry
of the land. These officers serve in the Singapore        as the Registrar, the Deputy Registrar, Senior
Judiciary, consisting of the Supreme Court                Assistant Registrars or Assistant Registrars.
Registry, the Justices’ Law Clerks Pool and the           The registrars perform both judicial and
Subordinate Courts. Under the Constitution,               administrative functions in the Supreme Court
judicial power in Singapore is vested in the              Registry. The Registrar of the Supreme Court
Supreme Court and Subordinate Courts. The                 is assisted by the Deputy Registrar, Senior
Honourable the Chief Justice is the head of               Assistant Registrars and Assistant Registrars
the Singapore Judiciary, with the ultimate                in the management and operations of the
responsibility of managing and leading the                Registry. As Judicial Officers, they adjudicate
Judicial Branch and the whole Legal Service.              a wide variety of interlocutory applications in
The Registrar of the Supreme Court assists The            civil, probate and bankruptcy matters. In their
Honourable the Chief Justice in the supervision           concurrent appointments as District Judges and
and management of the Legal Service Officers              Magistrates, they hear preliminary inquiries in
in the Supreme Court Registry. The Senior                 criminal matters. The Registrar, the Deputy
District Judge supervises and heads the                   Registrar and Assistant Registrars are also
Subordinate Courts and is responsible to The              respectively the Sheriff, the Deputy Sheriff and
Honourable the Chief Justice for the Subordinate          Assistant Sheriffs of the Supreme Court. In this
Courts’ effective and efficient operations.               latter capacity, they deal with enforcement

                                                     24
                  The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                      Advancing the Rule of Law




SUPREME COURT REGISTRY

Left to Right
Front Row:                                  Tai Wei Shyong
Ms Thian Yee Sze                            Ms Ang Ching Pin
Foo Chee Hock                               Ms Ho Su Ching
Mrs Koh Juat Jong (Registrar)               Ms Joyce Low Wei Lin
Toh Han Li                                  Ms Teo Hsiao-Huey

2nd Row:                                    Not in Picture:
Ms Amy Tung Chew Ming                       Ms Tan Wen Shan
Ms Teh Hwee Hwee                            Ms Karolyn Gin
Ms Ching Sann                               Kenneth Yap Yew Choh
Ms Dawn Tan Ly-Ru
                                       25
                  The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                      Advancing the Rule of Law




JUSTICES’ LAW CLERKS

Left to Right
Front Row:                                  2nd Row:
Jason Chan Tai-Hui                          Ms Dorcas Quek Ern Ling
Ms Lee Kee Yeng                             Ms Tammy Low Wan Jun
Ms Davinia Filza bte Abdul Aziz             Chew Chin Yee
Ms Delphine Tan Hui Yi                      Andy Soh Yan Lee
Ms Gillian Koh Li Ming                      Jeyendran s/o Jeyapal
Vincent Leow                                Ms Chung Yoon Joo
Christopher James De Souza                  Ms Low Siew Ling
David Lee Yeow Wee


                                       26
                   The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                        Advancing the Rule of Law



and admiralty matters which come before the            At the same time, the quality of the local
court. As at 31 December 2003, there were 17           jurisprudence has been enhanced.
registrars in the Supreme Court Registry,
including one officer who held the concurrent          The Supreme Court closely monitors the trends
appointment of the Registrar of the Appeals            and forces which affect the legal sector in
Board (Land Acquisition).                              Singapore. In these trying economic times,
                                                       the need to control the cost of litigation is
Officers with excellent academic credentials           imperative. From 1 June 2003, fees for the first
are appointed Justices’ Law Clerks. They               three days of hearing before a Judge in the High
work under the direct supervision of The               Court have been waived. Since 15 October
Honourable the Chief Justice. They provide             2003, there has been a 20% reduction on
critical research assistance to the Supreme            almost all Electronic Filing System (“EFS”)
Court Bench, particularly in appeals before the        fees. The 15% surcharge imposed on service
Court of Appeal. As at 31 December 2003,               bureau filings has also been removed. Trial
there were 15 Justices’ Law Clerks.                    bundles, which are usually voluminous, no
                                                       longer have to be filed via the EFS. The
The Supreme Court has come a long way                  reduction in court fees and hearing fees will
since the days of her colonial past. The               lead to significant savings in the cost of court
overwhelming success of the sweeping                   services in the Supreme Court. These initiatives
reforms that have come to be known as the              underscore the Supreme Court’s commitment
re-organisation of the Singapore Judiciary             to enhance access to justice and uphold the
is well-known. Over the past 13 years, the             Rule of Law.
Supreme Court has implemented numerous
sweeping initiatives in striving for excellence
in the administration and quality of justice           SUBORDINATE COURTS
which we enjoy today. These include a rigorous
case management system, the use of written             The Subordinate Courts are a vital component
submissions, the exploitation of technology,           of the Singapore Judiciary, handling more
the lengthening of hearing hours, the abolition        than 95% of all cases reaching the courts.
of archaic procedural rules and the                    In absolute terms, this amounted to 219,120
appointment of Justices’ Law Clerks, all of            criminal matters, 86,720 civil matters, 19,060
which were implemented with the aim of                 family matters and 33,840 Small Claims
clearing the massive backlog and increasing the        Tribunals matters as at 30 September 2003.
effectiveness and efficacy of the courts.              The Subordinate Courts embarked upon a
                                                       series of intensive and extensive reforms and
The Supreme Court has been transformed                 initiatives over the last 13 years. These reforms
dramatically. The Supreme Court takes pride            and initiatives, pursuant to the directions and
in having an efficient and effective system in         leadership of The Honourable the Chief Justice,
which cases are disposed of expeditiously.             were to strengthen the work processes and to

                                                  27
                   The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                        Advancing the Rule of Law




THE SENIOR DISTRICT JUDGE, PRINCIPAL DISTRICT JUDGES AND
GROUP MANAGERS OF THE SUBORDINATE COURTS

Left to Right
Front Row:                                       2nd Row:
Wong Keen Onn (PDJ, Criminal Mentions,           Ms Mavis Chionh Sze Chyi
   Night Courts & Commercial Courts Div)         Ng Peng Hong
                                                 Tan Puay Boon
Francis G Remedios (PDJ, Criminal Trial
                                                 See Kee Oon
   Courts Div)
                                                 Ms Hoo Sheau Peng
Richard Magnus (Senior District Judge)
                                                 Not in Picture:
Ms Foo Tuat Yien (PDJ, Civil Justice Div)
                                                 Lau Wing Yum (Registrar)
James Leong Kui Yiu (Acting Registrar)           Ms Teoh Ai Lin
                                            28
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                          Advancing the Rule of Law



institutionalise and anchor best practices,               and Commercial Courts Division and the
so as to fulfil the objectives of delivering fair,        Registries of the Subordinate Courts.
just and swift justice to the public. In line with
this purpose, the Subordinate Courts embarked             Legal Service Officers in the Subordinate
on the theme of ‘Anchoring Justice’ for the               Courts are designated as Judicial Officers and
2003 Annual Workplan, in recognition of the               serve as either District Judges or Magistrates
effort to anchor and institutionalise these               with concurrent appointments as Deputy
reforms and initiatives. Today, the Subordinate           Registrar, Coroner and Referee of the Small
Courts are widely regarded as a world class               Claims Tribunals. As at 31 December 2003,
Judiciary and enjoy high levels of public trust           the Subordinate Courts comprised 60 District
and confidence.                                           Judges and 10 Magistrates, supported by Court
                                                          Administrators and other administrative
The Subordinate Courts are constituted by the             personnel. Under the Group Management of
Subordinate Courts Act (Cap 321) and derive               Cases Scheme (“GMC”), the District Judges
their judicial powers from Article 93 of the              and Magistrates are divided into different
Constitution. They comprise the District                  groups, each overseen by a Group Manager
Courts, the Magistrates’ Courts, the Coroner’s            who is a District Judge of seniority. There are
Court, the Juvenile Court and the Small Claims            nine GMC Groups, consisting of six groups of
Tribunals. Certain District Courts and                    Criminal Courts, the Civil Trial Courts group,
Magistrates’ Courts are designated as specialist          the Family and Juvenile Courts group and the
courts, such as the Criminal Mentions Courts,             e@dr Centre.
the Commercial Civil and Criminal Courts, the
Family Mentions Court, the Family Court, the              The District Judges and Magistrates in the
Traffic Court, the Centralised Sentencing                 Criminal Trial Courts and the Civil Trial Courts
Court, the Special Sentencing Court, the Filter           dispose of cases within their jurisdictional
Court and the Night Courts. The e@dr Centre               limits and powers. The Settlement Judges at
and the Multi-Door Courthouse (“MDC”) are                 the e@dr Centre provide mediation and other
also integral parts of the Subordinate Courts.            court-based alternative dispute resolution
                                                          services. In addition, the District Judges and
The Senior District Judge has immediate                   Magistrates also perform duties related to their
supervision of all the District Judges,                   concurrent appointments as Deputy Registrar,
Magistrates and staff of the Subordinate                  Coroner and Referee of the Small Claims
Courts. Four Principal District Judges and                Tribunals. The District Judges and Deputy
the Registrar assist the Senior District Judge            Registrars at the Family Court deal with
in the management and administration of the               divorce and ancillary matters, guardianship
Family and Juvenile Justice Division, the                 and adoption applications and family violence
Criminal Trial Courts Division, the Civil Justice         matters. The Juvenile Court Magistrate hears
Division, the Criminal Mentions, Night Courts             and tries all offences committed by a child or


                                                     29
                        The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                            Advancing the Rule of Law




THE CRIMINAL COURTS, SUBORDINATE COURTS

Left to Right
Front Row:                  2nd Row:                       Siva Shanmugam              Chay Yuen Fatt
Ms Mavis Chionh             Ms Audrey Lim                  Mrs Lee-Khoo Poh Choo       Mark Tay Swee Keng
  Sze Chyi                  Ms Hamidah Ibrahim             Victor Yeo Khee Eng         Eugene Teo Weng Kuan
Tan Puay Boon               Roy Grenville Neighbour        Shaiffudin bin Saruwan      Ms Carol Ling Feng Yong
Francis G Remedios          Abdul Rahim Jalil              Ms Ong Chin Rhu             Eric Tin Keng Seng
Richard Magnus              Mrs Doris Lai Lee Mui          Malcolm Tan Ban Hoe         Toh Yung Cheong
  (Senior District Judge)                                  Tan Boon Gin                Ms Ngoh Siew Yen
Wong Keen Onn               3rd Row:
See Kee Oon                 Alvin Koh Meng Sing            Not in Picture:
                            Kow Keng Siong                 Ms Jasvender Kaur
                            Gilbert Low                    Ms Valerie Thean Pik Yuen


                                                      30
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                          Advancing the Rule of Law



a young person under the age of 16, and deals             roles. In addition, many of the District
with children who are beyond parental control             Judges and Magistrates preside in various
or in need of care and protection. The State              Administrative Tribunals, including the
Coroner presides over the Coroner’s Court and             Military Court of Appeal, Copyright Tribunal,
deals with cases that are classified by the Police        Industrial Arbitration Court and the Inquiry
as Coroner’s cases. A Coroner’s Inquiry is held           Committee of the Law Society (for disciplinary
in cases where a person dies in a sudden, violent         proceedings involving advocates and solicitors).
or unnatural manner, or when the cause of
death is unknown, as well as in other situations          The Subordinate Courts have in place a trilogy
where the law so requires. As Referees of the             of court governance to chart the direction of the
Small Claims Tribunals, Judicial Officers hear            organisation. This comprises the Strategic
and adjudicate on small claims brought before             Framework, the Justice Statement and the set of
the Tribunals.                                            Core Competencies. The Strategic Framework
                                                          sets out the main elements which provide a
The Registrar, assisted by the Senior Deputy              benchmark against which the activities of the
Registrar and Deputy Registrars, oversees the             Courts are constantly assessed. They encompass
administration of the Civil, Crime and Family             the desired public perception of the Singapore
Registries of the Subordinate Courts. The                 justice system, the need to maintain human
Deputy Registrars in the Civil Registry deal              dignity, the Rule of Law and enhance access to
with all interlocutory proceedings preceding              justice, and areas such as the nature of the judicial
trial, conduct assessment of damages’ hearings,           process, applicable court governance principles,
administer estates not exceeding three million            strategic and effective use of technology, scenario
dollars and hear enforcement applications. The            and strategic planning, talent management and
Judicial Officers in the Crime Registry hear all          continuing education. The Justice Statement sets
Magistrate’s Complaints, conduct criminal                 out the four Justice Models and their underlying
mediations, and deal with all other applications          philosophies, and embodies the oath of office and
including summonses to accused persons,                   allegiance which all judges of the Subordinate
summonses to witnesses and the grant of bail              Courts pledge to live by. The set of Core
to accused persons.                                       Competencies represents the qualities and
                                                          capabilities which each Judicial Officer in the
Judicial Officers in the Subordinate Courts               Subordinate Courts should possess.
take on the expanded roles of being “Judge-
Managers”, “Judge-Reformers” and “Judge-                  The Subordinate Courts have, since 1992,
Educators”. They take a proactive approach                introduced annual Workplans which have
in dealing with all matters that come before              strategically and operationally reshaped and
them. The Subordinate Courts also have in                 further strengthened the Courts and the
place a broad range of programmes and                     administration of justice. The Subordinate
initiatives where the Judges take on leadership           Courts have also implemented organisational


                                                     31
                        The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                            Advancing the Rule of Law




THE CIVIL, FAMILY AND JUVENILE COURTS, E@DR CENTRE AND REGISTRY,
SUBORDINATE COURTS

Left to Right
Front Row:                  Zainol Abeedin Bin Hussin    Ms Wong Choon Ning            Chia Wee Kiat
James Leong Kui Yiu         Seng Kwang Boon              Ms Wong Peck                  Marvin Bay Boon Teck
Ms Foo Tuat Yien            Adrian Soon Kim Kwee         Ms Shobha G Nair              Ms Daphne Hong Fan Sin
Richard Magnus              Ms Kathryn Low Lye Fong      Ms Abigail Ng Hwei-Mei        Tan Boon Heng
  (Senior District Judge)   Ms Asanthi Shiyara Mendis    Ms May Lucia Mesenas          Jeffrey Sim Mong Heng
Ng Peng Hong                Adriel Loh Kuan Wui          Julian Chin Ye-Fung           Ms Cornie Ng Teng Teng
Ms Hoo Sheau Peng                                        Ms Sharon Lim Hui Mien        Ms Miranda Yeo Eng Joo
                            3rd Row:                                                   Terence Chua Seng Leng
2nd Row:                    Ms Tan May Tee               Not in Picture:               Earnest Lau Chee Chong
Kevin Ng Choong Yeong       Ronald Gwee Tiong Kee        Ms Tan Peck Cheng             Ms Wong Li Tein
Ms Laura Lau Chin Yui       Mrs Regina Ow                Mrs Emily Kaiserene Wilfred   Ms Lim Hui Min
Ms Jocelyn Ong              Ms Irene Wu Wei Ling         Lau Wing Yum
                                                    32
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                          Advancing the Rule of Law



best practices, including the Justice Scorecard           the Honourable Attorney-General provides
system, the Net Economic Value system and                 Government sound legal advice and assistance
the Six Sigma, to constantly review the internal          in developing a fair and responsive legal system,
work processes and provide an objective                   thereby enhancing effective and efficient
standard against which judicial performance               administration and the protection of the
may be measured.                                          interests of the State and the people.

                                                          The Legal Service Officers posted to the
LEGAL BRANCH                                              Attorney-General’s Chambers assist the
                                                          Honourable Attorney-General and the
The Honourable Attorney-General, who is                   Solicitors-General in the various constitutional
both the principal legal adviser to Government            and statutory responsibilities. They may be
and the Public Prosecutor, heads the Legal                designated, depending on their functions and
Branch. The Solicitor-General and the Second              seniority, as Principal Senior State Counsel,
Solicitor-General deputise the Honourable                 Senior State Counsel, Deputy Senior State
Attorney-General.                                         Counsel and State Counsel. They are appointed
                                                          as Deputy Public Prosecutors concurrently.
Legal Service Officers in the Legal Branch may
serve in the various divisions of the Attorney-           The five divisions in the Attorney-General’s
General’s Chambers, or in the Legal Service               Chambers, to which Legal Service Officers may
Departments and the Ministries with Legal                 be deployed, are the Criminal Justice Division
Service Officers’ posts. They may also be                 (“CJD”), the Civil Division, the International
seconded to Ministries, key public institutions           Affairs Division (“IAD”), the Legislation
and statutory boards.                                     Division and the Law Reform and Revision
                                                          Division (“LRRD”).

ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS                               In their role as Deputy Public Prosecutors,
                                                          the Legal Service Officers in the CJD institute
The Honourable Attorney-General performs a                and conduct criminal prosecutions and advise
critical constitutional role in Singapore and in          the police and other investigation and law
the administration of justice. The legal processes        enforcement agencies on criminal proceedings
and administration of the Legal Branch are under          and investigations. In the Civil Division,
the charge and direction of the Honourable                Legal Service Officers provide legal advice
Attorney-General. In the role of the Public               and services to Ministries and other relevant
Prosecutor, the Honourable Attorney-General               agencies in all civil matters. In the IAD, the
controls and directs all criminal prosecutions            officers provide legal advice and services to
independently of Government. In the capacity              Government on all international law matters.
of the principal legal adviser to Government,             In the Legislation Division, the Legal Service


                                                     33
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                       Advancing the Rule of Law




THE SOLICITORS-GENERAL AND PRINCIPAL SENIOR STATE COUNSEL OF THE
ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS

Left to Right
Ter Kim Cheu (Principal Senior State Counsel, Legislation Division)
Lawrence Ang (Principal Senior State Counsel, Criminal Justice Division)
Lee Seiu Kin (Second Solicitor-General)
Chan Seng Onn (Solicitor-General)
Sivakant Tiwari (Principal Senior State Counsel, International Affairs Division)
Jeffrey Chan (Principal Senior State Counsel, Civil Division)
Charles Lim (Principal Senior State Counsel, Law Reform and Revision Division)



                                            34
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                          Advancing the Rule of Law



Officers draft and shape all written law in               agencies, Government, and statutory bodies on
Singapore. The Legal Service Officers in the              criminal justice matters. Further, the Legal
LRRD review and reform the law to meet the                Service Officers at the CJD administer the
needs of the State and revise existing legislation        Extradition Act and the Mutual Legal
to consolidate, modernise and simplify it.                Assistance In Criminal Matters Act. In this
                                                          connection, they deal with requests for
                                                          extradition and mutual legal assistance in
CRIMINAL JUSTICE DIVISION                                 criminal matters by foreign states, as well as
                                                          similar requests by Singapore to foreign states.
The Honourable Attorney-General, as the
Public Prosecutor, is empowered under                     As part of the ongoing effort to strive for
Article 35(8) of the Singapore Constitution to            excellence, the Legal Service Officers at the
institute, conduct or discontinue proceedings             CJD embarked on a benchmarking exercise
for any offence. The CJD is the organisational            to evaluate work processes. They are in the
extension of the Honourable Attorney-General              process of identifying, modifying and adopting
in his office as the Public Prosecutor. The CJD’s         the best practices of prosecution agencies
mission is to promote a just criminal justice             across the Commonwealth.
system by pursuing a fair and impartial policy
in the prosecution of offenders.                          As at 31 December 2003, there were 84
                                                          Legal Service Officers posted to the CJD as
The day-to-day functions of the Public                    Deputy Public Prosecutors. This included one
Prosecutor are largely exercised by the Deputy            Legal Service Officer on secondment to the
Public Prosecutors, led by the Principal Senior           Singapore Police Force as the Director of the
State Counsel. The CJD is organised into eight            Commercial Affairs Department but excluded
specialised groups, each led by a Senior State            one officer on secondment to the Singapore
Counsel, and designated to render advice on               Academy of Law. In addition, 19 Assistant
criminal matters and prosecute different types            Public Prosecutors, who are legally qualified
of offences in the Subordinate Courts or the              but not appointed Legal Service Officers,
High Court.                                               continued to assist in the prosecution of less
                                                          complex cases in the Subordinate Courts.
The officers’ legal work at the CJD consists of
criminal litigation and legal advice on criminal
matters. They have conduct of cases in the
Subordinate Courts and the High Court from
the pre-trial stage through to mentions or
hearing, as well as appeals to the High Court
or the Court of Appeal. The officers at the CJD
also render legal advice to law enforcement


                                                     35
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CRIMINAL JUSTICE DIVISION (ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE DIVISION (ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS)

(Text: Outstanding)
Left to Right
Front Row:                  Ms Tan Wen Hsien              4th Row:                  Not in Picture:
Lee Sing Lit                Ms Marie Christina Koh        Royston Ng Kwai Yan       David Khoo Kim Leng
Liew Thiam Leng              Sok Kheng                    Muhamad Imaduddien bin    Anandan s/o Bala
Lawrence Ang Boon Kong      Hwong Meng Jet                  Abd Karim               Mohamed Nasser bin Ismail
  (Principal Senior State                                 John Ng                   Thong Chee Kun
  Counsel, CJD)             3rd Row:                      Tan Hee Joek              Jared Eugene Pereira
A Balasubramaniam Reddy     Mrs Brenda Tan                Winston Cheng Howe Ming   Ms Jill Tan Li Ching
Daniel Koh Poh Leong        Low Cheong Yeow               Aaron Lee Teck Chye       Ms April Phang Suet Fern
                            Ms Deborah Tan Ek Jin         Tan Kiat Pheng            Wayne Koh Soon Poh
2nd Row:                    Ms Woo Ka Wai                 Paul Chia Kim Huat        Ms Chong Li Min
Hamidul Haq                 Ms Jeanne Lee Ming En         Wong Kok Weng             Shawn Ho Hsi Ming
Ms Magdalene Koh Mui Chen   Ms Ravneet Kaur               Lee Chau Hwei             Ms Evangeline Poh Ju Lyn
Ms Laura Liu Li-May         Hui Choon Kuen                                          Ms Kwek Lou Winn
Ms Wong Sook Ping           Ms Kan Shuk Weng
Ms Marjory Yeoh             Lim Keng Seong
                                                     36
                        The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                            Advancing the Rule of Law




CRIMINAL JUSTICE DIVISION (ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS)
CRIMINAL JUSTICE DIVISION (ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS)

(Text: Outstanding)
Left to Right
Front Row:                  Ms Daphne Chang Wei Hsian        Peter Koy Su Hua             Christopher Ong Siu Jin
Khoo Oon Soo                Ms Chng Hwee Chin                Francis Ng Yong Kiat         Gnanasihamani Kannan
Lawrence Ang Boon Kong      Chong Kah Wei                    James Elisha Lee Han Leong   Han Ming Kuang
  (Principal Senior State   Leong Wing Tuck                  Benjamin Yim Geok Choon
  Counsel, CJD)                                                                           Not in Picture:
Ong Hian Sun                3rd Row:                         4th Row:                     Ng Cheng Thiam
Ms Jennifer Marie           Desmond Lee Ti-Seng              Jaswant Singh                Amarjit Singh
                            Christopher Tan Pheng Wee        Hay Hung Chun                Ms Sia Aik Kor
2nd Row:                    Edwin San Ong Kyar               David Chew Siong Tai         Ms Lee Lit Cheng
Ms Shirani Alfreds          Eugene Lee Yee Leng              Glenn Seah Kim Ming          Imran bin Abdul Hamid
Ms Ho Su-Lyn                Adam Nakhoda                     Adrian Yeo Chong Lim         Tan Wee Soon
Ms Nor’ashikin Samdin       Terence Tay Wei Heng             Derek Kang Yu Hsien          Lee Jwee Nguan
Ms Janet Wang Lan Jee       Lee Cheow Han                    Eddy Tham Tong Kong
                                                        37
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CIVIL DIVISION                                            efficiency in the work and at the same time
                                                          simplify the work processes at the registry.
The mission of the Civil Division is to provide
quality legal advice and representation for               The officers in the Civil Division have always
the good governance of Singapore. The Legal               placed great emphasis on legal awareness
Service Officers provide legal advice on all civil        among the public officers in Singapore, in the
matters to Government and are responsible for             belief that such knowledge would promote
the drafting of legal documents used by                   better governance. To this end, the Legal
Government. They represent Government in                  Service Officers in the Civil Division conducted
various court proceedings, arbitration, land              a number of seminars and briefings in 2003
acquisition appeals and disciplinary inquiries            for public officers on a range of important
against public officers. The Civil Division               topics, including Constitutional and
also discharges the statutory duties of the               Administrative Law, State Land issues, the
Honourable Attorney-General as custodian of               effect of the Contracts (Rights of Third
charities and in the review of petitions for              Parties) Act, the scope and operation of the
admission of advocates and solicitors.                    United Nations Convention on Contracts for
                                                          the International Sale of Goods, intellectual
The year 2003 was an exciting and hectic                  property and other IT issues. The officers
one for the Legal Service Officers in the                 also participated in the US Support of Trade
Division. They played a critical role during              Acceleration Project, to conduct training on
the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome                     intellectual property law for officers from
(“SARS”) outbreak, working closely with                   another country. The officers in the Division
various Ministries and other officers in the              will undertake a seminar on government
Attorney-General’s Chambers, to combat and                procurement and contract issues for all public
contain the spread of the deadly disease. The             officers in 2004. The seminar would cover
efforts included the introduction of urgent               various topics, including the impact of the
amendments to the Infectious Diseases Act to              Singapore-USA Free Trade Agreement
improve the effectiveness of the legislation.             on government procurement issues and
In the course of the year, the officers in the            liquidated damages.
Division also tackled many difficult legal issues
which arose from the ongoing restructuring                As at 31 December 2003, there were 16 Legal
of Government.                                            Service Officers posted to the Civil Division.

In the constant effort to improve services,
the Legal Service Officers in the Civil Division
embarked on a major pilot project to provide
legal advice through an electronic registry
system. The officers sought to further improve


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CIVIL DIVISION (ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS)

Left to Right
Front Row:                                     Wilson Hue Kuan Chen
Eric Chin Sze Choong                           Vinod Sabnani
Phua Wee Chuan                                 Leong Kwang Ian
Jeffrey Chan Wah Teck (Principal Senior        Leonard Goh Choon Hian
  State Counsel, Civil Division)               Dominic Zou Wen Xi
Lim Yew Jin                                    Ms Zeenath Rajandren
Ms Hema Subramanian
Alvin Chen Yi Jing                             Not in Picture
                                               David Chong Gek Sian
2nd Row:                                       Aedit bin Abdullah
Ms Cheryl Leigh Chia Mei Ann                   Ms Chong Chin Chin
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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DIVISION                           including being a member of the delegation
                                                         which presented Singapore’s initial State
The Legal Service Officers in the IAD play an            Report before the United Nations Committee
important role in promoting and safeguarding             on the Convention of the Rights of the Child
Singapore’s interests at the international level.        and participating in the negotiations for the
In addition to providing legal advice to various         Fourth and Fifth Sessions of the United Nations
Ministries and agencies, the officers are also           Ad Hoc Committee for the Negotiation of a
responsible for the drafting of international            Convention Against Corruption.
legal instruments as well as participating in
international negotiations, dispute resolution           Aside from the above, the Legal Service
and other types of legal proceedings on behalf           Officers in the IAD also performed the
of Government.                                           functions of the Legal Profession (International
                                                         Services) Secretariat. The Secretariat deals with
The key areas of legal work that the Legal               the regulation of foreign law firms and foreign
Service Officers in the Division were involved           lawyers in Singapore. Additionally, the Legal
included international dispute settlement and            Service Officers in the IAD organised the
Free Trade Agreements (“FTAs”). In 2003, the             annual International Law Speakers Series.
officers from the IAD assisted in Singapore’s            In 2003, Judge Christopher G. Weeramantry,
first hearing before an international court or           a former Judge and Vice-President of the
tribunal. The case concerned an application to           International Court of Justice, conducted
the International Tribunal for the Law of the            workshops and delivered a keynote lecture on
Sea (“ITLOS”). The officers were also involved           “Weapons of Mass Destruction – Scope of
and played a critical role in other bilateral and        Regulation”.
multilateral negotiations and proceedings.
                                                         As at 31 December 2003, there were 17 Legal
The Legal Service Officers also participated in          Service Officers posted to the IAD.
the negotiation, advice and drafting of FTAs
in 2003. The EFTA-Singapore FTA entered into
force in January 2003, while the Australia-
Singapore FTA was signed in February and
entered into force in July 2003. The landmark
FTA between the United States and Singapore
was also signed, in May 2003. Negotiations
for other FTAs and framework agreements
were also commenced.

The Legal Service Officers in the Division
were also involved in other legal work. This


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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DIVISION (ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS)

Left to Right                                  Christopher Goh Eng Chiang
Front Row:                                     Ow Yong Tuck Leong
Ms Cheng Pei Feng                              Alan Ong Teck Keong
Mathew Joseph                                  Jason Tan Theng Kok
Lionel Yee Woon Chin                           Pang Khang Chau
Sivakant Tiwari (Principal Senior State        Tan Ken Hwee
  Counsel, IAD)                                Marcus Song Ee Pin
Soh Tze Bian
Ms Danielle Yeow Ping Lin                      Not in Picture:
                                               Ms Deena bte Abdul Aziz Bajrai
2nd Row:                                       Daren Tang Heng Shim
Ms Sharon Ong Su Min                           Ms Teo Hsiao-Huey
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LEGISLATION DIVISION                                    Legislative Drafting Course. The course was
                                                        conducted twice, in March and October, and
The Legislation Division, being the central             was attended by more than 60 officers from
drafting office of Singapore, is responsible            the Legal Service, client Ministries, statutory
for the drafting of all Government Bills and            boards and overseas drafting offices.
subsidiary legislation. The vision of the
Division is to create an effective statute              The new projects and initiatives undertaken
book for Singapore. The mission of the                  by the Division in 2003 included the creation
Division is to draft legislation to give effect         of a legislation resource website for the
to Parliamentary intention in a manner that is          Division, with links to legal resources from
simple, clear and concise.                              around the world. In addition, as part of
                                                        the Division’s Knowledge Management drive,
The main work of the Division involves                  the officers continued to maintain and enhance
drafting and vetting of all Bills and subsidiary        the Legislative Drafting Manual on the
legislation, providing support to Parliamentary         Division’s Knowledge Management portal,
Select Committees in their review of Government         together with a database of frequently used
Bills and advising Ministries and statutory             precedents of provisions. The Legislative
boards on legislation for implementing                  Drafting Manual and precedents provided
Government policies and the interpretation of           draftsmen with a quick reference to legislative
legislation. The Division also maintains the            drafting guidelines and practices adopted by
Versioned Legislation Database (a consolidated          the Division, and promoted more efficient and
database of all Acts, Bills and Subsidiary              consistent drafting in the Division.
Legislation) as well as the Singapore Statutes
Online (an online service with the complete             As at 31 December 2003, there were 11 Legal
collection of all the statutes of Singapore).           Service Officers in the Legislation Division.

The significant drafting projects in 2003
included the legislation to prevent and control
the spread of SARS in Singapore, as well as
the legislation on Singapore’s compliance with
the United States-Singapore Free Trade
Agreement (“USSFTA”).

In order to equip officers with basic drafting
skills and to improve the standard of drafting
instructions and draft of legislation prepared
by client Ministries and statutory boards, the
Division continued in 2003 with the in-house


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LEGISLATION DIVISION (ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS)

Left to Right
Front Row:                                  2nd Row:
Ms Woon Seow Cheng                          Ms Melinda Moosa
Ter Kim Cheu (Principal Senior State        David Lim Hock Choon
 Counsel, Legislation Division)             Phang Hsiao Chung
Mrs Owi Beng Ki                             Lim Jit Hee
Ms Lee Yean-Lin                             Lee Chuan Huei
Ms Emily Teo Sze-Yin                        Ms Elena Yeo Ju-Lan




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LAW REFORM AND                                           also work closely with foreign law reform
REVISION DIVISION                                        agencies and international organisations.

The LRRD’s mission is to review and reform               The law reform projects undertaken by the
the law to meet the needs of Singapore and its           Division in 2003 covered a wide range of
people in the 21st century, and to revise the            topics. These included issues relating to
legislation of Singapore in order to consolidate,        company and financial law, commercial and
modernise and simplify it.                               contract law, private international law and
                                                         technology law. Legislation introduced in
Legal Service Officers in the LRRD undertake             Parliament in 2003 as a result of law reform
research on a variety of legal issues                    projects undertaken by the LRRD included the
requiring reform, evaluate their impact on               Consumer Protection (Fair Trading) Bill,
industry, commerce and society, and make                 the Computer Misuse (Amendment) Bill, and
recommendations to the relevant Ministry to              the High Court (Admiralty Jurisdiction)
reform the law. Consultations are carried out            (Amendment) Bill.
with relevant Ministries, Government agencies,
private bodies and individuals to garner                 In their work involving highly specialised areas
comments on issues or proposals raised. The              of the law, the officers in the LRRD continued
LRRD also assists the relevant Ministries in             in 2003 to tap the expertise of a panel of
drafting the necessary legislation, obtaining            external Law Reform Consultants appointed
the approval of Cabinet for legislative reforms          by the Honourable Attorney-General.
and answering policy issues raised in
connection with such reforms.                            The Law Revision Commissioners, appointed
                                                         under the Revised Edition of the Laws Act,
In addition, Legal Service Officers in the LRRD          comprise, inter alia, the Honourable Attorney-
render legal advice on issues arising from law           General, the Solicitor-General, the Second
reform projects as well as in specialised areas          Solicitor-General, the Principal Senior State
of law such as company and financial law,                Counsel (Civil Division), the Principal Senior
and technology law. The officers are also                State Counsel (Legislation Division) and the
actively involved in the work of various legal           Principal Senior State Counsel (LRRD). The
committees including the Law Reform                      Legal Service Officers in the LRRD assist the
Committee of the Singapore Academy of Law,               Law Revision Commissioners in revising the
the Company Legislation and Regulatory                   legislation of Singapore to consolidate new
Framework Committee (“CLRFC”), the Legal                 legislation and legislation that is amended
Sub-Committee of the National Internet                   substantially into revised editions regularly,
Advisory Committee (“NIAC”) and the                      simplify archaic expressions and convoluted
private-sector led Study Team on Limited                 provisions, and update legislative histories and
Partnerships and Limited Liability Partnerships          comparative tables.
appointed by the Ministry of Finance. They

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LAW REFORM AND REVISION DIVISION (ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS)

Left to Right
Ms Wendy Yap Peng Hoon
Ms Julie Huan Li Yueh
Charles Lim Aeng Cheng (Principal Senior State Counsel, LRRD)
Mrs Wendy Chang

Not in Picture
Mrs Joyce Chao Suling




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The LRRD’s “Project TAMEE” (“Tracking                   These Legal Service Officers’ responsibilities
Amendments Made Easy Electronically”) in                include the whole spectrum of personnel and
2003 relates to electronic enhancements to the          financial administration, policy formulation
Versioned Legislation Database (“VLDB”),                and central management and leadership. One
which would improve the research capabilities           Legal Service Officer who was appointed the
of users by making it easier to track                   Registrar, Appeals Board (Land Acquisition),
amendments made to legislation.                         Ministry of Law in 2003 performed the
                                                        concurrent functions of an Assistant Registrar
The officers in the LRRD also assisted in               of the Supreme Court.
organising the 8th General Assembly of the
ASEAN Law Association. The General                      Legal Service Officers also perform various
Assembly, held in Singapore from 29                     statutory duties in specialised Legal Service
November to 2 December 2003, was opened                 Departments and Registries. These include the
by His Excellency Mr S R Nathan, President              the Legal Aid Bureau (“LAB”), the Insolvency
of the Republic of Singapore.                           and Public Trustee’s Office (“IPTO”), and
                                                        the Registry of Companies and Businesses
As at 31 December 2003, there were five Legal           (“RCB”).
Service Officers posted to the LRRD.
                                                        A senior Legal Service Officer heads each of
                                                        these Legal Service Departments and Registries
MINISTRIES, LEGAL SERVICE                               and has primary responsibility for its overall
DEPARTMENTS AND REGISTRIES                              administration and leadership. In their postings
                                                        to these departments, the Legal Service Officers
Legal Service Officers undertake a broad                execute and employ the legislation and policies
range of duties in the various Ministries,              administered by the respective departments.
Departments and Registries. They provide
advice on all relevant legal matters and issues,
draft and vet various types of contracts and
related documents, and assist in the review and
drafting of relevant legislation. Legal Service
Officers are posted as representatives or
Legal Counsel of the Honourable Attorney-
General to various Ministries. These include
the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of
Home Affairs, the Ministry of Manpower,
the Ministry of Law, and the Ministry
of Education.




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THE SOLICITORS-GENERAL AND HEADS OF LEGAL BRANCH DEPARTMENTS

Left to Right
Soh Kee Bun (Director, Legal Policy Division, MinLaw)
Sowaran Singh (Director, Legal Aid Bureau)
Lee Seiu Kin (Second Solicitor-General)
Chan Seng Onn (Solicitor-General)
Low Wee Ping (Director, Legal Services, MINDEF)
Ms Juthika Ramanathan (Registrar, Registry of Companies and Businesses)

Not in Picture:
Sarjit Singh (Official Assignee & Public Trustee, Insolvency and Public Trustee’s Office)


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LEGAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT,                               practice areas. In 2003, the officers continued
MINISTRY OF DEFENCE                                      to deal with and provide advice on various
                                                         areas of the law, including the following areas:
The Legal Service Officers posted to the Legal
Services Department of the Ministry of Defence           (i)    constitutional and administrative law;
(“MINDEF”) advise on legal issues relating to
the policies and operations of MINDEF and                (ii)   contract law, including the drafting of
the Singapore Armed Forces (“SAF”).                             contracts;

The mission of the department is to provide              (iii) criminal law and evidence;
quality legal advice, ensure firm and fair
administration of military justice, monitor and          (iv) dispute resolution;
advise on domestic and international law
developments affecting MINDEF and the SAF,               (v)    intellectual property law;
raise legal awareness, and perform other
assigned duties of a legal character, so as to           (vi) international commercial transactions;
enhance MINDEF’s and the SAF’s efforts in
achieving peace and security for Singapore.              (vii) legislative drafting; and

The department is headed by a senior Legal               (viii) international commercial transactions.
Service Officer, appointed the Director of
Legal Services, and ex officio the chief military        The department attained the People Developer
prosecutor. The department’s five areas                  Standard in June 2003 and received ISO 9000
of practice cover civil law, contract law,               certification in September 2003.
international law, military law, and technology
and intellectual property law. The officers at           As at 31 December 2003, there were seven
the Legal Services Department advise primarily           Legal Service Officers posted to the
on civil law, contract law, and technology and           department.
intellectual property law matters and issues.
They undertake prosecutions at courts-martial
and appeals before the Military Court of
Appeal in their concurrent appointments of
military prosecutors.

The Legal Service Officers in the department
undertake a wide range of critical and
challenging assignments in the different




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LEGAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT, MINISTRY OF DEFENCE

Left to Right
Front Row:                                     Not in Picture:
Mrs Ang Oye Lyn                                Kessler Soh Boon Leng
Low Wee Ping (Director, Legal Services,
 MINDEF)
Reynard Cheok Yu-Liang

Second Row:
Luke Tan Loke Yong
Ms Hee Mee Lin
Ivan Chua Boon Chwee

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LEGAL DEPARTMENT,                                       the Legal Service Officers and the officers in
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS                                the departments of MHA and its agencies.

The Legal Department of the Ministry of                 The Legal Service Officers, in 2003, advised
Home Affairs (“MHA”) is located within                  the MHA on the legal issues relating to the
MHA’s HQ. A senior Legal Service Officer                formation of the Air Marshals Unit and the
heads the department, as the Senior Director,           new Immigration and Checkpoints Authority.
and is assisted by a Deputy Director and                The department also assisted the Inter-Ministry
another Legal Service Officer.                          Committee on Financial Action Task Force in
                                                        its review of the list of money laundering
The officers in the department provide timely           offences. In the area of legislation, the officers
and accurate legal advice and legal support to          were involved in drafting and advising on the
the Minister, the Senior Minister of State and          Terrorism (Suppression of Financing) Bill,
principal administrators at the MHA HQ,                 to give effect to the international convention,
the departments and the statutory boards in             the comprehensive review of the Penal Code,
the discharge of their statutory functions              the Registration of Criminals (Amendment)
and duties.                                             Bill and the Police Force (Amendment) Bill.

The legal functions include drafting and vetting        As at 31 December 2003, there were three
of contracts and legislation and advising on            Legal Service Officers posted to the
the legal implications of policy formulation and        department.
guidelines. The Legal Service Officers provide
advice at the regular meetings chaired by the
Minister and the Permanent Secretary. The
officers also review, as the Reviewing Authority
appointed under the relevant legislation, all
awards of punishment imposed by disciplinary
officers on officers charged and convicted
under the applicable Act.

In 2003, the Legal Service Officers launched
the Knowledge Management Database, a
research cum information database which
includes all the previous advice rendered by
the department, including advice given on
secret matters. The database proved to be
extremely useful for quick searches, both for




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LEGAL DEPARTMENT, MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

Left to Right
Ms Wong Pui Kay
Francis Tseng Cheng Kuang (Senior Director)
Paul Chi Pin Shyang




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LEGAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT,                              The Legal Service Officers also review and
MINISTRY OF MANPOWER                                    assist in the drafting and vetting of legislation
                                                        administered by the MOM and its statutory
The Legal Services Department of the Ministry           boards. In this regard, the Legal Service
of Manpower (“LSD, MOM”) forms part of                  Officers assisted in the drafting of the
the Corporate Services Business Group                   Act that established a new statutory board –
of the Ministry.                                        the Singapore Workforce Development Agency
                                                        – in September 2003. Other legislation being
A Legal Service Officer heads the LSD as the            reviewed in partnership with the relevant
Director, assisted by two others. Another 31            departments include the Factories Act, the
officers, of whom 25 are prosecuting officers,          Employment of Foreign Workers Act and the
discharge the various functions of the LSD.             Workmen’s Compensation Act. In 2003 in
                                                        particular, major amendments to the CPF
The Legal Service Officers supervise the                legislation arising from recommendations
prosecutors in their conduct of prosecutions            made by the Economic Review Committee
under the Employment of Foreign Workers Act,            were enacted.
the Employment Agencies Act and the
Immigration Act. The Legal Service Officers             The Legal Service Officers assist the MOM’s
also oversee prosecution processes administered         departments in the drafting and vetting of
by other departments within the MOM                     contracts, tender documents, Memoranda of
pursuant to legislation such as the Factories           Understanding and licence agreements of
Act and the Workmen’s Compensation Act.                 the Ministry.

In addition, the Legal Service Officers provide         The Legal Service Officers in the LSD are
advice to the various departments of the MOM            also Commissioners of Labour under the
on all legal matters concerning the Ministry and        Workmen’s Compensation Act and adjudicate
the CPF Board, and on statutory interpretation          on claims under that Act. The Legal Service
of legislation administered by the Ministry.            Officers also advise and adjudicate on
Further, the Legal Service Officers actively            employment disputes under the Employment
participated in the MOM’s various workgroups            Act in the Labour Court.
that review policies and business processes.
                                                        The Director, Legal Services is responsible for,
In 2003, the Legal Service Officers were                and is assisted by the Senior Assistant Director
actively engaged in matters involving the               and the Assistant Director in, the management
tripartite relationship between employees,              of the department and staff.
employers and trade unions. They were often
called upon to render legal advice and                  As at 31 December 2003, there were
assistance in negotiations arising from disputes        three Legal Service Officers posted to the
between these parties.                                  LSD, MOM.

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LEGAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT, MINISTRY OF MANPOWER

Left to Right
Ms Zarinah Marican
Raymond Fong
Ms Jasbendar Kaur (Director)




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LEGAL POLICY DIVISION,                                   by their constituents, press queries concerning
MINISTRY OF LAW                                          legal matters and communications between
                                                         MinLaw and the Courts and the Attorney-
The mission of the Ministry of Law (“MinLaw”)            General’s Chambers. The officers also deal with
is to ensure a sound legal infrastructure for            various applications that require the approval
Singapore, and the Legal Policy Division (“LPD”)         of the Minister for Law, including applications
is responsible for legal matters in the Ministry.        under the Criminal Procedure Code, Evidence
                                                         Act, Moneylenders Act and Trustees Act.
The Legal Service Officers in the LPD have
multiple roles that cover both domestic and              During Parliamentary sessions and annual
international law. They serve as in-house legal          Budget Debates, the officers coordinate with
counsel. As staff officers, they provide support         the Attorney-General’s Chambers, other
to the Minister for Law, administer more than            agencies and MinLaw’s departments and
70 Acts of Parliament within the purview of              statutory boards, to assist the Minister with
MinLaw, and work closely with other                      the data and responses.
departments and statutory boards within the
Ministry. Their most important role is in                The officers are actively involved in
reviewing and formulating legal policy.                  international matters where legal policy
Besides advising on the law and administering            perspectives are required. They participate in
the law, the officers are directly involved in           inter-agency committees and working groups
policy formulation. Their primary role is to             on the implementation of international money
make recommendations on what the law                     laundering guidelines; implementation of the
should be.                                               United Nations Convention on Trans-National
                                                         Organised Crime; negotiation of the UN
The officers scrutinise all draft Government             Convention against Corruption; negotiation of
Bills. They also oversee the development of              bilateral mutual legal assistance treaties;
laws and policies under the direct purview of            implementation of international anti-terrorism
MinLaw. These include matters relating to                measures; and the implementation of Free
common law and equity, administration of                 Trade Agreements.
justice, mediation, arbitration, insolvency,
intellectual property, land, extradition, mutual         They are currently involved in a major review
legal assistance and the legal profession.               of the Trustees Act, and are assisting other
                                                         Ministries in promoting the use of non-criminal
The Minister for Law is accountable to Cabinet           sanctions (together with the Attorney-General’s
and Parliament on legal matters. The Legal               Chambers).
Service Officers assist the Minister in various
areas, including handling appeals from                   As at 31 December 2003, there were five Legal
Members of Parliament on legal issues faced              Service Officers posted to the LPD, MinLaw.


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LEGAL POLICY DIVISION, MINISTRY OF LAW

Left to Right
Mark Anand Jayaratnam
Bryan Chew Chee Wan
Soh Kee Bun (Director)
Andy Sim Yock Ann
Ms Lim Jen Hui




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LEGAL AID BUREAU                                         The Bureau actively recognises the efforts of
                                                         the many volunteers on the Panel of Solicitors
The mission of the Legal Aid Bureau is to                who offer their services to assist legally aided
provide quality legal aid and advice to persons          clients. One of the solicitors on the Panel was
of limited means. Legal aid is rendered in a             awarded The Public Service Star (Bintang Bakti
wide range of civil cases, including adoptions,          Masyarakat) in the National Day Awards
custody applications, matrimonial proceedings,           2003, for his outstanding contributions to
monetary and negligence claims, and estate               the Bureau.
matters. The applicants need to satisfy both a
means test and a merits test as laid out in the          The Bureau also undertook other initiatives to
Legal Aid and Advice Act. The other services             further improve its services and utilise its
provided by the Bureau include the dispensation          available resources more effectively. It is the
of advice on Singapore laws and assistance               Bureau’s vision to provide its applicants
in drafting a variety of legal documents.                more than just professional legal support.
                                                         The success of its project “Give Another
The Legal Aid Bureau is headed by a senior               Lifeline”, launched in 2002 and enhanced in
Legal Service Officer as the Director. The Legal         2003, affirmed that applicants need emotional
Service Officers posted to the Bureau, together          support as well. A professional social worker
with the strong support of the dedicated staff,          from the Tanjong Pagar Family Service Centre
dealt with 8,167 fresh matters registered as at          is stationed at the Bureau’s premises under
31 December 2003. The Legal Service Officers             this project to offer clients emotional and / or
also actively took on numerous leadership roles          other forms of assistance to cope with their
on the various committees in the Bureau and              problems. In order to benefit more applicants,
successfully brought many projects to fruition           arrangements were made for this service to be
in 2003.                                                 increased from twice to four times a week.

The year 2003 also marked another milestone              As at 31 December 2003, there were 12 Legal
in the Bureau’s drive towards organisational             Service Officers posted to the Bureau.
excellence. It was conferred the prestigious
Singapore Quality Class certification in June
2003. The Bureau received a further accolade
in July 2003, when it received the Public Service
Award for Organisational Excellence under the
Managing for Excellence Scheme. It was in
recognition that the Bureau had attained the
ISO 9002, the People Developer Standard, and
the Singapore Quality Class certification.




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LEGAL AID BUREAU

Left to Right
Front Row:                                 3rd Row:
Louis Agnelo D’Souza                       Ms Carrie Chan Su-Lin
Sowaran Singh (Director)                   Ms Lynette Yap Beng Lyn
Mrs Ang Oye Lyn
                                           4th Row:
Mrs Shahla Iqbal
                                           Ms Sandra Looi Ai Lin
                                           Ms Ranjini Ramakrishnan
2nd Row:
Ms Carolyn Woo Wai-Ling
                                           Not in Picture:
Ms Yap Ji Lian
                                           Tan Jen Tse
                                           Ms Salina bte Ishak
                                           Ms Shahrinah bte Abdol Salam
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INSOLVENCY & PUBLIC                                   In March 2003, the IPTO organised the 1st
TRUSTEE’S OFFICE                                      International Insolvency Conference, as well
                                                      as the Annual Meeting of the International
The Legal Service Officers at the Insolvency          Association of Insolvency Regulators. The
& Public Trustee’s Office (“IPTO”) wear               Official Assignee is a member of the
different hats when carrying out the various          association. The IPTO also jointly organised
responsibilities and statutory functions              in 2003 an insolvency workshop with the
assigned to them.                                     Asian Development Bank, in relation to
                                                      their Technical Assistance Programme. Local
The IPTO is headed by a senior Legal Service          and foreign insolvency practitioners and
Officer, who performs the functions of the            regulators, as well as members of financial
Official Assignee and Public Trustee, the             institutions and the private sector, were
Official Receiver, and the Registrar of               engaged by the international and local
Moneylenders and Pawnbrokers. The Legal               speakers, many of whom are icons in the
Service Officers handle all legal matters             global insolvency arena.
relating to insolvency administration for
both bankrupts and corporations. The Legal            In its drive for organisational excellence,
Service Officers are also responsible for             besides achieving the ISO 9001:2000 Award,
safeguarding the interests of beneficiaries in        the Singapore Quality Class Certification and
the administration of trust estates as well as        the People Developer Standard, the IPTO
ensuring the equitable distribution of estates        implemented its own Balanced Scorecard
of deceased persons, accident compensation            and is actively using Six Sigma tools and
monies and proceeds of crime confiscated              POWER (Public Officers Working to Eliminate
under specific legislation. In the area of            Red Tape) to attain its mission of providing
moneylending and pawnbroking, the Registrar           innovative and quality services in insolvency
regulates the businesses of moneylending and          and trustee matters.
pawnbroking.
                                                      As at 31 December 2003, there were seven
In addition, each Legal Service Officer is            Legal Service Officers posted to the IPTO.
appointed the Legal Coordinator of the various
divisions in the department and forms part
of the IPTO’s senior management team.
As part of this team, Legal Service Officers
are accorded various training opportunities
which equip them with good people skills
and professional legal expertise.




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INSOLVENCY & PUBLIC TRUSTEE’S OFFICE

Left to Right
Moey Weng Foo
Ms Kamalambigai Ponnampalam
Sarjit Singh (Official Assignee & Public Trustee)
Ms Toh Hwee Lian
Ms Karen Loh Pei Hsien

Not in Picture:
Chan Wang Ho
Sunari bin Kateni


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REGISTRY OF COMPANIES &                               the world 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
BUSINESSES                                            The Legal Service Officers worked with
                                                      the staff officers at the RCB to design and
The year 2003 was an exciting one for the             translate the current forms and applications,
Registry of Companies and Businesses                  as well as the requirements of the law into an
(“RCB”) and its Legal Service Officers.               electronic form.
The RCB is headed by a senior Legal Service
Officer as the Registrar of Companies and             The RCB is also actively involved in law reform
Businesses. The Legal Service Officers                initiatives beyond the Business Registration
spearheaded sweeping changes to both the              Act, Companies Act, and Trust Companies Act
Registry and the laws that it administers.            which it administers. Legal Service Officers are
                                                      studying the introduction of new corporate
Following the report of the Company                   vehicles, such as Limited Partnerships and
Legislation and Regulatory Framework                  Limited Liability Partnerships, and are in study
Committee (“CLRFC”), and the acceptance               teams with other government departments and
of all 77 recommendations of the CLRFC                agencies to develop the corporate and financial
by Government, the RCB’s Legal Service                environment in Singapore.
Officers were tasked to translate the
recommendations into law and facilitate the           As at 31 December 2003, there were seven
implementation. The first set of legislative          Legal Service Officers posted to the RCB.
amendments to the Companies Act came
into force on 15 May 2003, and the second
set of amendments were finalised. In order
to effectively implement the CLRFC
recommendations, the Legal Service Officers
met private sector representatives and other
government agencies regularly to obtain
feedback and to ensure that the legislative
changes reflect the realities in practice.

The year also saw the commissioning of
Bizfile, a new fully automated and electronic
filing system that puts Singapore on the world
map. A total of 127 applications pertaining to
all business and company transactions may
now be performed online from anywhere in




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REGISTRY OF COMPANIES & BUSINESSES

Left to Right
Terence Ong
Mrs Serena Tan
Muhammad Hidhir bin Abdul Majid
Ms Juthika Ramanathan (Registrar)
Kevin Christopher Chua

Not in Picture:
Ms Suriakumari Sidambaram
Ms Toh Wee San


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LEGAL SERVICES UNIT,
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

The Legal Services Unit of the Ministry of
Education was established on 1 July 2003. The
Unit was to address the Ministry’s high and
anticipated increase in the volume of requests
for advice, as well as to address its need for
accessible legal advice by a Legal Service
Officer sensitised to the Ministry’s particular
operating environment, concerns, constraints
and internal processes.

The Ministry is one of the largest in
Government. It directs the formulation and
implementation of education policies and
controls Government and Government-aided
schools, junior colleges and a centralised
institute. It also supervises private schools.
At the headquarters level, the Ministry consists
of three wings with 14 divisions, comprising
more than 50 branches. Under its purview are
more than 360 schools, 500,000 students and
24,000 teachers. The Ministry also has 10
statutory boards under its purview.

The Unit, comprising the Head, Legal Services
and a staff officer, is involved in advising the
Ministry and its schools on all legal matters
arising in the course of their day-to-day
operations. This would include the exercise of          MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
powers under the various statutes within the
portfolio of the Minister for Education, and            Ms Dyan Genevieve Zuzarte
advice on intellectual property, personnel and          (Head, Legal Services)
finance matters. The Legal Service Officer also
renders advice on and assists in the drafting




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and vetting of tenders, licence agreements,             The secondment of Mr Vincent Hoong to the
contracts and memoranda of understanding.               Singapore Land Authority (“SLA”), as the
                                                        Registrar of Titles & Deeds and Controller of
A key function of the Unit is to provide legal          Residential Property, was extended for another
input on the ongoing policy deliberations of            year effective 1 June 2003.
the Ministry, thereby assisting in policy
formulation. The presence of the Unit within            Three other officers completed their
the Ministry also facilitates the provision of          secondment to the SLA. Ms Lim Jen Hui was
feedback as the Ministry reviews its approach           re-posted to the Legal Policy Division of the
to the education system in Singapore.                   Ministry of Law effective 1 June 2003, while
                                                        Ms Wong Peck was re-posted to the
Another aspect of the work of the Legal Service         Subordinate Courts effective 1 September
Officer is assisting the Ministry in its review,        2003. Ms Lo Wai Ping transited to the SLA
preparation and drafting of legislation. The            scheme of service effective 15 August 2003.
officer liaises with the Attorney-General’s
Chambers on legislation matters as well as on           The secondment of Mr Tan Siong Thye, from
other aspects of its work requiring referral.           the Criminal Justice Division of the Attorney-
                                                        General’s Chambers to the Singapore Police
The Legal Service Officer reports directly to           Force, as the Director of the Commercial
the Deputy Secretary (Services) of the Ministry.        Affairs Department, was extended for another
                                                        two years effective 10 January 2003.

SECONDMENTS                                             Mr P O Ram, on secondment to the
                                                        Parliament Secretariat as the Clerk of
In 2003, Legal Service Officers were seconded           Parliament, continued the three-year
for specific periods to key institutions                secondment effective 1 April 2001.
and statutory boards to undertake special
functions.                                              Mrs Owi Beng Ki returned to the Legislation
                                                        Division of the Attorney-General’s Chambers
Ms Liew Woon Yin had been seconded for two              effective 1 September 2003, upon the expiry
years to the Intellectual Property Office of            of a one-year secondment to the Elections
Singapore, as the CEO and Director-General,             Department, Prime Minister’s Office, as a
upon its conversion to a statutory board,               Legal Consultant.
effective 1 April 2001. Her secondment was
extended for another two years effective                The secondment of Mr Hamzah Moosa, to
1 April 2003.                                           the Legal Service Commission Secretariat as




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the Chief of Staff, was extended of another year
effective 1 November 2003.

Three Legal Service Officers were on
secondment in 2003 to Ministries, pursuant
to a special scheme to undertake policy
work in positions typically assumed by
Administrative Officers.

Mr Ong Chin Heng was seconded from the
Subordinate Courts to the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs for one year, effective 1 July 2003.

Mr Kwek Mean Luck continued his
secondment from the Supreme Court to the
Ministry of Trade and Industry, effective 1 July
2002.

Ms May Loh Bee Bee continued her
secondment to the Ministry of Manpower,
effective 1 September 2002.

The secondment of Ms Beverly Wee to the
Singapore Academy of Law (SAL) as the
Assistant Director (Legal Education) was
extended for another year, effective 16 July
2003.

Mr Yeong Zee Kin, from the Criminal Justice
Division, Attorney-General’s Chambers, was
also seconded to the SAL as the Assistant
Director (LawNet & MIS) for one year,
effective 1 January 2003.




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SENIOR LEGAL SERVICE OFFICERS ON SECONDMENT

Left to Right
Vincent Hoong (Registrar of Titles & Deeds and Controller of Residential Property,
  Singapore Land Authority)
Ms Liew Woon Yin (Director-General / CEO, Intellectual Property Office of Singapore)
Tan Siong Thye (Director, Commercial Affairs Department, Singapore Police Force)
P. O. Ram (Clerk of Parliament, Parliament Secretariat)




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                     Singapore Legal Service



                   JUDICIAL                            LEGAL
                   BRANCH                             BRANCH




                                     CRIMINAL         ATTORNEY-
                  SUBORDINATE
SUPREME COURT                         JUSTICE         GENERAL’S
                    COURTS
                                     DIVISION         CHAMBERS




                                                     LEGAL POLICY    LEGAL SERVICES
                                  INTERNATIONAL
                                                       DIVISION,      DEPARTMENT,
                                  AFFAIRS DIVISION
                                                       MINLAW           MINDEF




                                                         LEGAL       INSOLVENCY AND
                                   CIVIL DIVISION         AID        PUBLIC TRUSTEE’S
                                                        BUREAU            OFFICE




                                   LEGISLATION       APPEALS BOARD    REGISTRY OF
                                     DIVISION            (LAND        COMPANIES &
                                                      ACQUISITION)     BUSINESSES



                                                     LEGAL SERVICE
                                   LAW REFORM        DEPARTMENTS
                                    & REVISION       CONVERTED TO
                                     DIVISION         STATUTORY
                                                        BOARDS




   LEGAL         LEGAL SERVICES   LEGAL SERVICES     INTELLECTUAL
                                                                       SINGAPORE
DEPARTMENT,       DEPARTMENT,         UNIT,             PROPERTY
                                                                          LAND
MINISTRY OF       MINISTRY OF      MINISTRY OF          OFFICE OF
                                                                       AUTHORITY
HOME AFFAIRS       MANPOWER         EDUCATION          SINGAPORE



                                       66
PROGRAMMES   AND   MILESTONES
                    The Legal Service Commission Annual Report 2003


                   Programmes and Milestones


BUILDING ESPRIT DE CORPS                                  4 October 2003. Twenty Legal Service Officers
                                                          from various departments in the Legal Service
With Legal Service Officers operating in a                participated in the course. The first part of
myriad of roles in the Judicial and Legal                 the course was a four day team-building
Branches, as well as in the other Singapore               component at the Outward Bound School on
Legal Service Departments and Ministry                    Pulau Ubin. Participants took part in group
Headquarters, the Legal Service encouraged                activities such as ice-breakers, rock-climbing
further inter-departmental interaction in                 and orienteering. These activities were designed
2003. This was to promote and anchor a                    to develop rapport and build strong bonds of
common professional identity and pride in                 co-operation among participants.
institutionalising the Legal Service as a Premier
Public Service.                                           The second component of the Induction
                                                          Course featured presentations by and learning
The in-house online publication, the LSNews,              visits to the various Legal Service Departments,
was upgraded. It was disseminated, by the LSC             key support organisations and enforcement
Secretariat, to all Legal Service Officers through        agencies. This was aimed at providing the
the Government Intranet. It continued to be               participants an introduction to the Singapore
the principal information and communication               Public Service and to the core functions and
link, expanding the lines of contact between              organisational structure of the Legal Service.
officers in the different departments. Through            The intensive programme included visits to
the LSNews, Legal Service Officers continued              the Supreme Court, the Subordinate Courts,
to gain access to regular updates on the current          the Attorney-General’s Chambers, the Legal
events and issues pertinent to the Legal Service.         Aid Bureau, the IPTO, the Registry of
These included the latest developments in                 Companies and Businesses, the Central
technology law and biomedical sciences law.               Narcotics Bureau, the Corrupt Practices
The Legal Service Annual Dinner, a Service-wide           Investigation Bureau, the Commercial Affairs
event customarily held in the month of April,             Department and the Criminal Investigation
was cancelled as an additional precautionary              Department.
measure against SARS. The following events
were also undertaken in the year.                         The participants were also provided a
                                                          comprehensive overview of the developing
                                                          and emerging areas of the law, including the
LEGAL SERVICE INDUCTION                                   biomedical sciences and technology law
COURSE 2003                                               fields. The Legal Service Biomedical Sciences
                                                          Core Group undertook a comprehensive case
The Fourth Induction Course for Legal Service             study, while a policy gaming exercise was
Officers was conducted from 16 September to               facilitated by the Technology Law Core Group.




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  The Honourable the Chief Justice and Members of the Special Personnel Board meeting the
  Solicitors-General and all the Heads of Legal Service Departments at a Tea Session in November 2003.




In addition, special briefings and informative         Induction Course also helped develop firm
presentations by officers from, inter alia, the        friendships and close working ties between
Institute of Policy Development, the security          Legal Service Officers from the different
agencies and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs           departments.
were arranged. These provided the participants
a comprehensive overview of the principles
of governance, security considerations and             TEA SESSIONS WITH THE LEGAL
Singapore’s foreign policy.                            SERVICE SPECIAL PERSONNEL BOARD

The participants also had candid dialogue              The Legal Service Officers’ Tea Sessions with
sessions with private legal practitioners and          the Legal Service Special Personnel Board
Legal Service Officers who had previously              have been held since 1999. The informal Tea
worked in the private sector.                          Sessions facilitate immediate access and greater
                                                       communication channels between all Legal
The course provided the participants                   Service Officers and The Honourable the Chief
invaluable insights into the work of various           Justice (the Chairman of the Special Personnel
Legal Service Departments and key partner              Board), the Honourable Attorney-General
agencies, in the context of the new challenges         and the Honourable Justice Tan Lee Meng
and needs of Singapore as a whole. The                 (the Members of the Board).




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In 2003, the informal Tea Sessions were held
for both Timescale and Superscale Legal
Service Officers. Legal Service Officers of
varying seniority from the different Legal
Service Departments were invited for each
session, including newly-recruited Legal
Service Officers. The Chairman and Members
of the Legal Service Senior Personnel Board
and all the Legal Service Heads of Department
met and discussed various personnel issues
with the Chairman and Members of the Special
Personnel Board at a Tea Session.
                                                          Legal Service Officers addressing queries and
                                                          providing information at the NUS Careers
                                                          Fair 2003
RECRUITMENT, SELECTION AND
RETENTION
                                                        annual reports, corporate communication and
Various recruitment and publicity efforts were          other specific materials on the details of the
undertaken in 2003 to continue attracting and           actual work undertaken by Legal Service
retaining top legal talent in the Legal Service.        Officers and the various Legal Service
                                                        Departments were provided to undergraduates
                                                        and recent graduates at the Fair.
THE CAREERS FAIR 2003 OF THE LAW
FACULTY, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF
SINGAPORE                                               INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME FOR
                                                        LAW UNDERGRADUATES OF THE
The Careers Fair, held on 10 and 11 February            NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF
2003 at the Moot Court of the Law Faculty,              SINGAPORE
NUS, saw the participation and strong
representation of the Legal Service. Fourteen           The Internship Programme was to introduce
law firms were also represented at the Fair.            to the undergraduates of the Law Faculty
The attendance of Legal Service Officers                of the NUS the actual functions and
from the different Legal Service Departments            responsibilities of the various Legal Service
proved useful to the law undergraduates.                Departments. This was through attachment
The Legal Service Officers offered them useful          stints with the Legal Service Departments of
information, addressed queries and shared               their choice. The programme also provided the
their experiences in the Legal Service. The             NUS law undergraduates a clear overview of




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the structure and the critical and challenging        SECONDMENT OF LEGAL SERVICE
work undertaken by the Legal Service Officers         OFFICERS TO MINISTRIES TO
in their multi-faceted constitutional and             UNDERTAKE POLICY WORK IN
statutory roles.                                      POSITIONS TYPICALLY ASSUMED BY
                                                      ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS
Twenty law undergraduates from the NUS
participated in the Legal Service Internship          Launched in July 2002, the secondment of
Programme 2003, between May 2003 and July             Legal Service Officers to Ministries to
2003. The internships were at seven Legal             undertake policy work in positions typically
Service Departments. These were the Supreme           assumed by Administrative Officers (“the
Court, the Subordinate Courts, the Attorney-          secondment scheme”) is one of the varied
General’s Chambers, the Insolvency and Public         developmental programmes available for the
Trustee’s Office, the Legal Policy Division of        top and talented officers. These Legal Service
the Ministry of Law, the Legal Aid Bureau and         Officers, who satisfy specific eligibility criteria,
the Registry of Companies and Businesses.             may be seconded to Ministries to undertake
                                                      policy work instead of the conventional legal
                                                      work. The secondment period is one year
SECONDMENT AND                                        in the first instance, with an option for a
ATTACHMENT SCHEMES                                    second year.

In accordance with the directions of The              The Legal Service Officers on secondment gain
Honourable the Chief Justice/President, Legal         first-hand experience in actual policy and
Service Commission, the career progression            governance work, which will enhance their
roadmaps for Legal Service Officers were              professional effectiveness upon their return to
supplemented with structured roadmaps and             the Legal Service. They also acquire a better
key developmental training at different               understanding of the mindset and concerns of
milestones of their careers. Such training was        key policy makers, which will be useful in their
multi-disciplinary. This included both legal-         subsequent work in the Legal Service. The
professional leadership and developmental             quality of the legal and related advice and
training. The structured training roadmaps            services that the Legal Service Officers (and
continued to include attachments and                  the officers they supervise) provide upon their
secondments to, inter alia, top overseas law          return will be enhanced. This is in view of their
firms, international agencies, and policy work        greater appreciation of the underlying
positions in Ministries. These attachments and        philosophy, operational structures and
secondments continued to serve to further             framework of the policies, and key policy
increase the breadth of exposure and                  makers in the Administrative Service and
experience of Legal Service Officers.                 the Ministries.




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In 2003, three Legal Service Officers were on          conditions for entrepreneurship to thrive.
secondment to each of the following Ministries         The issues are wide ranging. They include
pursuant to the secondment scheme: the                 developing appropriate financial incentive
Ministry of Trade and Industry (“MTI”), the            tools (such as tax incentives, grants and
Ministry of Manpower (“MOM”) , and the                 loans), identifying and removing regulatory
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (“MFA”).                   impediments, developing a market-based
Their comments on the experience are                   solution to financing for small and medium
provided below.                                        enterprises, creating an entrepreneurial culture
                                                       among students, businessmen and the general
Mr Kwek Mean Luck (MTI)                                public, and developing a framework to protect
“I lead a team of 10 policy officers of ranging        and to commercialise intellectual property
seniority (from Assistant Director, Senior             for start-ups. The breadth of policy issues
Assistant Director to Deputy Director),                encountered has provided a macro-perspective
to strategise and formulate policies to                on the economy and government.”
strengthen the business environment in
Singapore. The tasks of providing guidance             Ms May Loh (MOM)
and leadership, and at different levels, have          “This past year has thrown up several learning
provided valuable lessons in management.               paradigm shifts for me. In January, I was given
                                                       an additional hat as Head, International
The vision of the Economic Review Committee            Relations. Juggling this together with my
is to make Singapore into a globalised,                foreign manpower policy portfolio taught me
diversified and entrepreneurial economy.               the importance of managing policy makers’
A cornerstone of the team’s work is the                concerns and communicating these concerns
transformation into an entrepreneurial                 to an audience that includes international
economy. This involves identifying gaps in the         elements. Working with other ministries was
policy framework and creating the enabling             an equally important part of this process, as it
                                                       gave a deeper understanding of other agencies’
                                                       constraints and enabled us to leverage on the
                                                       resultant strong partnership in times of crisis.
                                                       This was no more evident than in the SARS
                                                       crisis in March. In July, I was re-posted to the
                                                       Ministry’s Labour Relations and Welfare
                                                       Division. As I continued to travel for my
                                                       International Relations portfolio and for free
                                                       trade negotiations, it was a challenge balancing
                                                       my time with introductory sessions on labour
                                                       relations in Singapore, trade union activities
  Mr Kwek Mean Luck (on secondment to
  the MTI)                                             and Singapore’s labour legislation. My posting
                                                       has come at a time of review for labour

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  Ms May Loh (on secondment to the MOM)                    Mr Ong Chin Heng (on secondment to the MFA)




relations policy and this is reflected in some of        While in the MFA, my stint in the International
the legislative changes contemplated by my               Organisations Directorate entailed the
department. In addition, the posting has also            formulation of foreign policy in respect of
meant taking on negotiations for the Labour              various multilateral issues. I was given the
chapter in FTAs (along with my existing work             opportunity to undertake policy work on
in the Temporary Entry Chapter). From my                 disarmament issues, on anti-proliferation
different postings within a short period of time,        measures against nuclear as well as other
the Ministry has truly capitalised on my legal           weapons of mass destruction, and on emerging
training and I am deeply grateful that the range         science and technology issues with legal and
of work entrusted to me has given me a rich              ethical implications, such as human cloning.
learning landscape where colourful policy-
making concerns are juxtaposed with the black            Other multilateralist areas I was exposed to
and white scheme of legislation.”                        in the International Organisations Directorate
                                                         included Commonwealth-related work, as
Mr Ong Chin Heng (MFA)                                   well as lobbying, or brokering reciprocal
“One of the first things I learnt when I began           support from other countries, for Singaporean
my secondment with the MFA was that the                  candidatures in various international
words ‘diplomacy’ and ‘diplomatic’ are words             agencies, such as the International Maritime
that were often misused in a colloquial context.         Organisation or the International Civil
As it turns out, diplomacy has nothing to do             Aviation Organisation.
with being friendly, accommodating, or ‘nice’
– rather, it is everything about furthering              I was subsequently sent to our New York
national interests and ‘getting what you                 Mission as part of Singapore’s delegation to
want’. And if one happens to be ‘nice’ in the            the 58th Session of the United Nations
process, then it is merely because it is in one’s        General Assembly. I had first-hand experience
best strategic interest to be so.                        in a sometimes rough and tumble arena

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complete with all its lobbying, debating, voting         Mr Tan Boon Gin
and the forming of ever-shifting alliances, on           “He had exhausted his last appeal years ago.
sometimes very controversial issues such as              He was running out of time on death row. Then
cloning and terrorism. I was also fortunate to           someone called the firm. An email was sent
have been given the opportunity to deliver               out asking for volunteers willing to sacrifice
Singapore’s statement on Terrorism during the            their weekend to work on the case pro bono.
deliberations on that agenda item.”                      You should have seen the response. He was
                                                         interviewed on Friday night. It turned out that
                                                         he was Mexican, but had not been told of his
LEGAL SERVICE OFFICERS’                                  consular rights. The Mexican Consulate was
PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND                                notified and a letter of protest was sent to the
ATTACHMENT SCHEME                                        governor’s office on Saturday. The Mexican
                                                         President made a personal appeal on Sunday.
The Professional Training and Attachment                 Then someone found that the failure to inform
Scheme (“the PTA Scheme”) was approved by                him of his consular rights could be a breach of
the President and Members of the Legal Service           the Vienna Convention to which the US was a
Commission as one of the professional                    party. A case was filed in the International
development programmes for the Service.                  Court of Justice on Monday. It then surfaced
Legal Service Officers satisfying the eligibility        that two years ago, the ICJ had ruled against
criteria may proceed on no-pay leave and                 the US that its failure to inform two German
undertake the professional training and                  nationals of their consular rights was a breach
attachment (of up to one year) in an approved            of the Vienna Convention. German and
top law firm in the USA or the UK, immediately           European Union diplomats were soon calling
upon completion of their Masters of Law.                 on the governor to stop the execution. The
                                                         execution was stayed. The Court of Criminal
Legal Service Officers are provided, through the
PTA Scheme, the unique opportunity to gain
practical professional experience in the areas
of their specialised study with a foreign law
firm (leading in those areas of speciality),
before resuming their duties in the Legal
Service. One such Legal Service Officer,
Mr Tan Boon Gin, undertook the one-year
professional attachment with a top US law
firm, from September 2002 to September 2003,
after having completed the LLM at the
                                                           Mr Tan Boon Gin (on attachment to a US
Harvard Law School. His brief comments are                 law firm)
provided below.


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Appeals agreed to hear arguments on the                  process, and the complex operations of
matter. A year later, they granted a retrial.            Government.

Any sports fan knows that a perfectly executed           Two Legal Service Officers undertook the
play is a beautiful thing to watch. I experienced        programme in the first year. Another Legal
the same feeling watching the firm at work.              Service Officer, Ms Kan Shuk Weng, was
Especially when I knew that it was done solely           attached to the Legislation Division between
for the love of the game.”                               January and April 2003. Her brief comments
                                                         are provided below.

LEGISLATIVE DRAFTING                                     Ms Kan Shuk Weng
ATTACHMENT SCHEME                                        “I was given the opportunity to do a four-
                                                         month attachment with the Legislation
The Legislative Drafting Attachment Scheme               Division, AGC. During the four months
is a specific professional training programme            that I was there, I participated in the drafting
that enables the Legal Service to identify               course organised by the Legislation Division,
Legal Service Officers from the various Legal            went for meetings with various ministries
Service Departments who might have the special           and agencies, attended Parliamentary
aptitude and potential for legislative drafting.         Debates, and even tried my hand at drafting
                                                         subsidiary legislation. The drafting of
The Scheme was approved in 2002 by The                   subsidiary legislation was both a challenging
Honourable the Chief Justice and the                     and a humbling affair. Unfamiliar with most
Honourable Attorney-General. It was jointly              drafting conventions and faced with the
undertaken by the Legislation Division of the            potentially far reaching effects of my untested
Attorney-General’s Chambers and the LSC                  handiwork, I spent many sleepless nights
Secretariat. Under the scheme, Legal Service
Officers who satisfy the eligibility criteria are
attached to the Legislation Division of the
Attorney-General’s Chambers, where they
undergo intensive on-the-job training and
supervision for a period of four months.

Apart from identifying Legal Service Officers
with the appropriate aptitude and potential
for legislative drafting, the Scheme also
provides the officers practical experience in the
                                                           Ms Kan Shuk Weng (on Legislative Drafting
legislative drafting process and techniques,               Attachment Scheme)
exposure to and insight on the policy-making


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debating with myself minute points of phrasing          Mr Yeong Zee Kin and Ms Beverly Wee were
and grammar which previously would not have             seconded from the Legal Service to the Singapore
caused me a second thought.                             Academy of Law (“SAL”) to undertake work
                                                        as the Assistant Director (LawNet & MIS) and
Coincidentally, I was also in the Division at           the Assistant Director (Legal Education)
the time when SARS reared its ugly head in              respectively. Assistant Professors Lim Chin Leng
Singapore. I was thus able to witness the               and Disa Sim were seconded from the Law
alacrity with which my colleagues swung into            Faculty of the NUS to the International Affairs
action; and with great flair and aplomb, came           Division of the Attorney-General’s Chambers
up with the amendment Bill to the Infectious            and the Justices’ Law Clerks Pool of the Supreme
Diseases Act and its related Regulations within         Court respectively. Their comments are
48 hours. The stereotypical image which I had           provided below.
held of legislation work being a slow, drawn
out affair was certainly shattered.                     Mr Yeong Zee Kin (seconded to the SAL)
                                                        “I began my secondment to the Singapore
The four months were over in the blink of an            Academy of Law in January 2003 on a half-
eye. However, the lessons I learnt during that          time basis, taking over from the previous
period – to write concisely and simply, to              secondee Tan Ken Hwee. The portfolio that
always check and double-check, to have a                was initially given to me was to oversee the
panoramic perspective of things and look                operations of the LawNet and to plot its
beyond the obvious - are surely life-long ones.”        strategic directions, the management of the
                                                        Academy’s IT resources, projects and overall
                                                        IT resource planning.
OTHER SECONDMENTS
                                                        During the course of the year, several things
Over the course of the year, Legal Service              happened. The Academy – and the LawNet
Officers were seconded to key public
institutions to undertake specific functions
and responsibilities. In addition to increasing
the breadth and depth of knowledge and
experience of Legal Service Officers, the scheme
offered them the unique opportunity to
enhance their appreciation of the functions and
roles of these institutions. In the same vein,
the Legal Service welcomed secondments to the
various Legal Service Departments from key
                                                          Mr Yeong Zee Kin (on secondment to the
public institutions, including the Law Faculty            Singapore Academy of Law)
of the NUS.


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Secretariat in particular – was given the task of
conducting a review of the Electronic Filing
System. The Singapore Law Reports’ ‘back set’
project was also placed under the LawNet
Secretariat’s purview. Together with plans to
conduct a revamp of the LawNet, the
workload became quite substantial and my
secondment was converted to a full-time
secondment on 1 May 2003.                                  Ms Beverly Wee (on secondment to the
                                                           Singapore Academy of Law)
Work in the Academy is challenging and very
different from the criminal prosecutions that
I was used to. However, interpersonal skills
picked up through the years have helped my               legal issues thrown up as a result of these
interactions with technology vendors, members            advancements. Working with the Committee
of the profession as well as managing the small          on Legal Education in planning and
department under my care. The training in                implementing the Academy’s legal education
handling multiple and complex cases have also            programme has given me a valuable
assisted me in managing the various projects             opportunity to better understand and meet the
that run parallel.                                       rapidly changing needs of the profession from
                                                         legal education. I also worked on various
As a technology hobbyist, this secondment is             projects including the establishment of the
a dream come true. Having exhausted the                  Academy’s Visiting Fellows’ Programme. This
possibilities with personal computers and home           Programme, funded by the Legal Development
networks, I now get to work with larger and              Fund, brings leading academics and legal
more complex systems. There is constant                  luminaries to Singapore, providing the
challenge in contextualising technologies and            profession with opportunities to learn from
trends for the legal profession. With its mix of         them, further developing the breadth and depth
business and technology, this secondment is the          of legal knowledge and practice amongst the
closest one can get to a dot com this side of the        profession.
Legal Service.”
                                                         There was also the opportunity to work with
Ms Beverly Wee (seconded to the SAL)                     IPOS, the Intellectual Property Academy and
“Scientific and technological advances have              the Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law
not only changed the way in which we live and            on a conference on Intellectual Property and
work, but have also made it necessary that the           Biological Resources. The Conference saw
law evolves equally rapidly in order to keep             leading figures from the fields of intellectual
pace with the demands of new and novel                   property law, environmental law as well as


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leading environmentalists and conservationists
in Singapore discussing the divergence of
interests between intellectual property law and
environmental law and attempting to build a
consensus between the two areas.

Asst Prof Lim Chin Leng (seconded from the
Law Faculty of the NUS)
“Looking back, I learnt at first-hand about                    Asst Prof Lim Chin Leng (seconded from the
the nature of Singapore’s international                        Law Faculty of the NUS)
law advisory process, its usual routes and
channels across the length and breadth of
Government, its consequent national
peculiarities and characteristics, and its proper           assorted places in the past decade has taught
role under our constitutional arrangements.                 me not to take for granted such friendships
I also had the chance to get a feel of how                  and professional bonds that come into being
Singapore’s international commitments are                   along the way. My links with the AGC have
translated into domestic law, and more broadly              since enabled a few of us to collaborate so as
of how advice on international law could                    to bring together a reliable practitioner’s work
feature in the work of the other divisions within           which would explain the law relating to
the Attorney-General’s Chambers.                            Singapore’s Free Trade Agreements to the legal
                                                            profession. While this could be of some benefit
Much of this learning has occurred by my                    to the profession, I am at least paid as a legal
simply having been given the chance to be                   scholar to do such things. My colleagues in the
there, meeting people, and talking to them in               AGC and individuals in the various Ministries
the course of the job. I cannot now help but                are not, and yet they have volunteered to step
wonder, while looking at the latest Singapore               into the breach with their first-hand knowledge
treaty for example, how this-or-that treaty word            to write the several parts of a book in
should, or at least could, be translated into a form        conjunction with some of us at the National
of legislative language which Singapore lawyers             University of Singapore.
and judges would find convenient.
                                                            Knowing the pace of work in Government in
So, apart from the new focus, and consequently              the various departments that are involved in
a little bit more confidence in some of the things          Singapore’s on-going FTA programme allows
I do in the class-room, new notions of what                 me to appreciate what a sacrifice my former
could be important for a legal scholar to take              colleagues in Government have committed
a look at in his spare time have presented                  themselves to, and so what also overwhelms
themselves. Moreover, having worked in                      me a little, all things said and done, is the spirit


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of the Singapore Legal Service which I have             My experience as a Justices’ Law Clerk has
encountered in my time.”                                gone on to inform and enhance my work as
                                                        an academic. One of the greatest challenges
Asst Prof Disa Sim (seconded from the Law               facing an academic is finding a means to
Faculty of the NUS)                                     bridge the gap between theory and practice.
“I embarked on my stint as a Justices’ Law              As a teacher, it is imperative to impress upon
Clerk with some amount of excitement and                the students that the law is not just an
trepidation. While I was excited by the                 amalgamation of black-letter rules, but the
prospect of working for the Court of Appeal,            product of a dynamic interplay of policy
I was concerned about whether a six-month               considerations and principles. As a scholar, an
stint would be sufficient to provide a good             appreciation of the context within which the
flavour of the Court’s work.                            law is interpreted and made is indispensable
                                                        in producing work that is of relevance and
On this score, I need not have worried.                 of practical utility to both the judiciary and
As a Justices’ Law Clerk, I had the unique              legal practitioners. My exposure at the
privilege to not only witness, but assist in the        Supreme Court has made it easier to perform
development of local jurisprudence. I was               both roles.
assigned a wide variety of cases that took me
far beyond my traditional areas of teaching             I would not be doing justice to my experience,
and research and I emerged with a sounder               however, if I were to describe it solely in terms of
sense of the practical considerations that              its contribution to my intellectual development.
influence the course of the law, as well as             Throughout my time at the Supreme Court,
some insight into the intricacies of the                I had the pleasure of meeting and befriending
judicial process.                                       many in the Legal Service. In particular, I was
                                                        impressed with the extent to which the
                                                        Supreme Court Bench took a personal interest
                                                        in my progress and the generosity with which
                                                        it was willing to guide and advise.”


                                                        DIRECTORSHIPS OF BOARDS OF
                                                        STATUTORY BOARDS

                                                        One of the recommendations of the HR
                                                        Review Working Committee, approved by
                                                        the Legal Service Commission, was that
  Asst Prof Disa Sim (seconded from the Law
  Faculty of the NUS)
                                                        Legal Service Officers should be encouraged
                                                        to garner practical experience through service


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to institutions outside the defined parameters            are provided relevant information on career
of the Singapore Legal Service and its                    development and professional training.
departments / divisions. In line with the                 The course of the officers’ career paths are
practice in the Administrative Service, it was            constantly reviewed, having regard to the
proposed that senior and outstanding Legal                officers’ preferences and abilities.
Service Officers be considered for possible
appointment to the Boards of Directors of                 The milestone programmes, the postgraduate
the relevant statutory boards and specific                courses in law, and the critical leadership,
Government-Linked Companies.                              developmental and management programmes
                                                          throughout 2003 were enhanced and
The Honourable the Chief Justice / President,             operationalised by the LSC Secretariat. The
Legal Service Commission and the Honourable               LSC Secretariat also organised, in 2003, the Legal
Attorney-General approved in 2003 that                    Service-wide professional development lecture
eligible Legal Service Officers might be                  series in two new and emerging areas of the law.
considered for possible appointment to the                A new professional developmental component
Board of Directors of specific statutory                  launched in 2003 was the Advanced Legal
boards. It was also approved that the                     Programme at the NUS for senior Legal Service
operational framework and continuation                    Officers. Other continuing professional legal
of the scheme be reviewed after an initial                and judicial education, and the department-
period. This was to ensure that the scheme                specific executive / professional training, for
remained useful in the comprehensive career               all Legal Service Officers were managed by the
and personal development of the eligible                  individual Legal Service Departments.
Legal Service Officers, and the optimal
utilisation of the Legal Service’s top resources,
and that it was in the long-term interest                 THE LEGAL SERVICE TECHNOLOGY
of the Legal Service. The scheme is currently             LAW CORE GROUP
being operationalised.
                                                          The general direction of the Technology Law
                                                          Core Group (“TLCG”) continued to be set in
CAREER DEVELOPMENT                                        2003 by the Mentors, Mr Lee Seiu Kin (Second
AND TRAINING                                              Solicitor-General) and Mr Charles Lim
                                                          (Principal Senior State Counsel, Law Reform
Continual professional development and                    & Revision Division, Attorney-General’s
specialist training is a cornerstone in the career        Chambers).
management of every Legal Service Officer. All
Legal Service Officers are provided the                   Of the three Assistant Mentors who had been
opportunity to maximise and realise their full            appointed in 2002 (Mr Lionel Yee Woon Chin,
potential, through the HR framework. They                 Mr Phua Wee Chuan and Mr Aedit Abdullah),


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the last (Mr Abdullah) retired in 2003 to            THE LEGAL SERVICE BIOMEDICAL
assume the role of Mentor of the Biomedical          SCIENCES CORE GROUP
Sciences Core Group.
                                                     The Biomedical Sciences Core Group (“BSCG”)
The TLCG’s activities in 2003 were co-               began its activities in 2002.
ordinated by the TLCG Core Committee,
chaired by Ms May Loh Bee Bee. In addition,          The Mentors, Mr Richard Magnus (Senior
the informative website was enhanced through         District Judge) and Mr Jeffrey Chan (Principal
the efforts of Mr Yeong Zee Kin.                     Senior State Counsel, Civil Division, Attorney-
                                                     General’s Chambers) completed their one-year
For 2003, the TLCG continued to further              appointments in May 2003. Ms Hoo Sheau Peng
enhance the framework for development of             (District Judge, Subordinate Courts) and Mr
expertise in technology and technology law.          Aedit Abdullah (Deputy Senior State Counsel,
Informative talks and presentations by               Civil Division, Attorney-General’s Chambers)
the TLCG members as well as external                 assumed mentorship of the BSCG in 2003.
speakers were arranged. In addition to the
LLM courses (with emphasis on Technology             The training programme of the BSCG built upon
Law) undertaken by the members at the NUS            the previous activities which had exposed Legal
and the United States, various other training        Service Officers to the biomedical sciences.
programmes were organised.
                                                     The BSCG programme kicked off in 2003 with
TLCG members also shared their knowledge             introductory talks by officers from the
with the rest of their colleagues in the             Economic Development Board, the Agency for
Legal Service through written primers                Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR)
published in the LSNews. TLCG members                and the Bioethical Advisory Committee (BAC)
contributed to the Induction programme for           on the development of the biomedical industry
new Legal Service Officers organised by the          in Singapore and the challenges facing the
LSC Secretariat.                                     promotion of Singapore as a biomedical hub.
                                                     Associate Professor Terry Kaan of the National
The TLCG exemplifies the importance placed           University of Singapore also lectured on
by the Legal Service on the development of           bioethical issues.
officers, as well as the recognition of the
importance of technology in Singapore’s legal        As part of the effort to disseminate awareness
and commercial spheres.                              of biomedical issues, the BSCG organised
                                                     colloquiums open to the whole of the Legal
The total number of TLCG members,                    Service. One of those, by the Principal Senior
excluding the Mentors, was 27 as at 31               State Counsel (Civil), focused on the issues
December 2003.                                       thrown up by the outbreak of SARS in


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Singapore and the efforts to control its spread.           Conference held in Singapore in October 2003,
In October 2003, a colloquium on the ethics                as well as the Singapore Academy of Law
of a commercial market in human organs                     Lecture Series on Biomedical Science, and the
was held. This was attended by Legal Service               lecture by a visiting Canadian jurist, Professor
Officers as well as several officers from the              Bertha Knoppers. Aside from lectures and
Ministry of Health.                                        discussions, BSCG members also contributed
                                                           specific comments to various consultation
To help acquaint new officers entering the                 papers. The members of the BSCG gave input
Legal Service with issues arising out of the               on the international initiative to ban human
biomedical sciences, the BSCG also conducted               cloning, the ethical governance of human
a half-day session for the Legal Service                   research and the Regulation of Biomedical
Induction Programme. The session included a                Research Bill, among others.
case study exposing the new officers to the
problems faced in the development of the                   The total number of BSCG members, excluding
industry in Singapore, and the accompanying                the Mentors, was 32 as at 31 December 2003.
regulatory and ethical challenges.

The BSCG’s efforts and activities were strongly            THE LEGAL SERVICE OPEN
supported by the specialist experience of                  RESOURCE POSTING SYSTEM
the EDB and A*STAR. The members of the
BSCG attended the International Stem Cell                  The Singapore Legal Service Open Resource
                                                           Posting System (“ORPS”) was first
                                                           operationalised in 2002. The ORPS facilitates
                                                           a structured periodic renewal and intra-
                                                           organisational redeployment of Legal
                                                           Service Officers, without compromising the
                                                           effectiveness and efficiency of the individual
                                                           departments and their operations. Through
                                                           the ORPS, a much larger pool of Timescale
                                                           Legal Service Officers acquires and hones a
                                                           wide range of critical core legal competencies
                                                           and skills. The officers are fully conversant
                                                           with and deployable at short notice to any
                                                           department or other critical institution.
                                                           The departments concerned have greater
  Members of the BSCG attending a presentation
                                                           control over the Legal Service Officers
  on the legal issues in the field of biotechnology
                                                           posted there, while the officers have a choice
                                                           of the departments.


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The rotational postings pursuant to the ORPS             The Second and Third Lecture Series were
will maximise Legal Service Officers’ exposure           presented by Associate Professor Daniel Seng
to a great variety of legal work available within        and Associate Professor Li Mei Qin,
the Legal Service and enable them to acquire             respectively, both from the Law Faculty of
core litigation skills, develop and enhance              the NUS. Associate Professor Seng is a
critical professional core competencies, and             recognised authority on intellectual property
identify their core strengths and niche areas in         and technology law, having presented
the law. The exposure and experience also                numerous papers at various local, regional and
prepares them for senior positions and higher            international conferences and having written
appointments and leadership roles in the Legal           several articles on information technology
Service in the future.                                   law and evidence.

The second ORPS Exercise in 2003                         Associate Professor Li previously taught at
saw numerous Timescale Legal Service                     renowned international universities in China
Officers re-posted among the Legal Service               and the United States on Chinese law. She was
Departments.                                             involved in drafting legislation on Chinese
                                                         Company Law and other accompanying
                                                         regulations in Beijing, and published various
THE LEGAL SERVICE PROFESSIONAL                           articles in Chinese and English on Chinese Law.
DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME –
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LAW                               Both the Lecture Series, of six lectures each,
LECTURE SERIES AND CHINA’S                               were held after office hours (from 5.45 pm to
FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND TRADE                             8.45 pm). The lectures attracted Legal Service
LAW LECTURE SERIES                                       Officers of various levels of seniority. Both
                                                         series were well received and the officers found
Into the second year, the Legal Service                  the topics covered very useful.
Professional Development Programme
continued with familiarising and updating                The Second and Third Lecture Series in 2003
Legal Service Officers on the new and                    enabled the Legal Service Officers to expand
emerging areas of the law. With the success of           their knowledge and expertise in the areas of
the First Lecture Series in 2002, the LSC                Information Technology Law and China’s
Secretariat organised the Second and Third               Foreign Investment Law and Trade Law,
Lecture Series in 2003. These new series                 respectively. The advances in the area of
provided further opportunities for Legal                 information technology and the Internet
Service Officers to be at the forefront of               and Singapore’s increasing economic dealings
the latest issues and developments in specific           with China made these two topics especially
and new areas of the law (of special interest to         relevant to the Legal Service. The details of the
the Legal Service).                                      two lecture series are provided below.


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THE SECOND LECTURE SERIES –
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LAW

Associate Professor Daniel Seng’s six lectures
on Information Technology Law provided
Legal Service Officers many useful insights
on the various IT law issues faced by
practitioners today.

In the first session, the impact of the Internet
on intellectual property issues and how
various jurisdictions have dealt with it were             Mr Lee Seiu Kin (Second Solicitor-General)
examined. Some of the interesting cases which             delivering the Welcome Address at the Second
arose from the controversial US Digital                   Lecture Series
Millennium Copyright Act were discussed.
A brief overview of Singapore’s obligations
under the FTA with the United States and the
impact on intellectual property law in
Singapore was given. The second session                 service were covered in the fifth session. The
focused on domain names disputes, the                   offences created under the Computer Misuse
phenomenon of cyber-squatting and the                   Act to tackle such attacks and the latest
causes of action which an intellectual                  amendments to the Evidence Act that provide
property right owner has to protect his                 for the admissibility of computer output as
rights. The Electronic Transactions Act was             evidence were also covered. The final session
examined in great detail in the third session.          dealt with the private and public international
The pertinent provisions in the Act and the             law rules in relation to the exercise of
extent to which it has modified contract law            jurisdiction by the courts over subject matters
was touched on. The technical workings of               with international elements that arise from
electronic and digital signatures, as well as           the use of the electronic environment and
the important role played by certification              the Internet.
authorities, were highlighted.

Session Four examined the IT contracts and              THE THIRD LECTURE SERIES –
the contractual terms which are peculiar to             CHINA’S FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND
such contracts. The vulnerability of computer           TRADE LAW
systems to different types of attacks, such
as hacking, use of viruses, unauthorised                Associate Professor Li Mei Qin’s six lectures
surveillance and obstruction through denial of          on China’s Foreign Investment Law and


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Trade Law began with a general introduction              All eligible Legal Service Officers and teams
to China’s diverse society, and varied systems           of Legal Service Officers were considered for
of governance, legal system and legislative              nomination by their respective Heads of
process. On foreign investment law in China,             Department. The Chairpersons of Service-wide
relevant legislation and the common                      Working Committees or projects also
investment entities used by foreign investors            considered the Legal Service Officers under
were discussed. In view of China’s recent                their charge for nomination.
accession to the World Trade Organisation and
the consequential impact on the legislative and          The nominations were then considered by
business environment, the key changes made               the Chairman and Members of the Senior
by the Chinese Government to China’s foreign             Personnel Board, who interviewed the
trade system were covered.                               individual nominees for The Honourable the
                                                         Chief Justice’s Award and the Honourable
The use of precise Chinese legal terminology             Attorney-General’s Award. The Senior
(with the requisite English translations)                Personnel Board also assessed the presentations
provided a fuller appreciation of the terms used.        of the nominated Teams and interviewed two
                                                         representatives from each Team for the
                                                         Singapore Legal Service Team Awards.
THE HONOURABLE THE CHIEF
JUSTICE’S AWARD, THE HONOURABLE                          Thereafter, the Chairman and Members of
ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S AWARD, AND                            the Legal Service Special Personnel Board
THE SINGAPORE LEGAL SERVICE                              considered and approved the recommendations
TEAM AWARDS                                              of the Chairman and Members of the Senior
                                                         Personnel Board.
The Honourable the Chief Justice’s Award, the
Honourable Attorney-General’s Award and the              The Honourable the Chief Justice / President,
Singapore Legal Service Team Awards for the              LSC and the Honourable Attorney-General
Judicial Branch and the Legal Branch of the              presented the awards to the recipients at a
Singapore Legal Service were conferred in                Special Awards Presentation Ceremony on
2003. The Awards aim to encourage Legal                  8 November 2003, at the City Hall Chambers.
Service Officers to further enhance the existing         The Honourable Justice Tan Lee Meng
culture of excellence in the Legal Service, by           (Member, Special Personnel Board), the
providing due recognition to individual                  Chairman and Members of the Senior
exemplary Legal Service Officers and teams of            Personnel Board, and the Legal Service Heads
Legal Service Officers for specific instances of         of Department were also in attendance. The
outstanding contributions to the Legal Service           names of the distinguished recipients are
and the legal fraternity.                                provided in the following lists.




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                              INDIVIDUAL AWARDS


CATEGORY OF AWARD                         RECIPIENTS


THE HONOURABLE THE CHIEF JUSTICE’S        MS VALERIE THEAN
AWARD 2003                                SUBORDINATE COURTS


THE HONOURABLE ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S         MR TAN KEN HWEE
AWARD 2003                                ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS




                                 TEAM AWARDS


CATEGORY OF AWARD                         RECIPIENTS


THE SINGAPORE LEGAL SERVICE               THE ELECTRONIC FILING SYSTEM TEAM,
(JUDICIAL BRANCH) TEAM AWARD 2003         SUPREME COURT:
                                           MR TOH HAN LI
                                           MR TAN BOON HENG
                                           MS THIAN YEE SZE



THE SINGAPORE LEGAL SERVICE               STYLE AND PRINCIPLES:
(LEGAL BRANCH) TEAM AWARD 2003            THE AGC LEGISLATIVE DRAFTER’S
                                          COMPANION TEAM,
                                          LEGISLATION DIVISION,
                                          ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS:
                                           MR DAVID LIM
                                           MR LEE CHUAN HUEI
                                           MR TERENCE ONG
                                           MS MELINDA MOOSA
                                           MS WOON SEOW CHENG
                                           MS ZARINAH MARICAN
                                           MS LEE YEAN-LIN
                                           MS ELENA YEO




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                  THE HONOURABLE THE CHIEF JUSTICE’S AWARD,
                 THE HONOURABLE ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S AWARD,
                AND THE SINGAPORE LEGAL SERVICE TEAM AWARDS




The Chairman and Members of the Special Personnel Board and Senior Personnel Board, with
recipients of The Honourable the Chief Justice’s Award, the Honourable Attorney-General’s Award,
and the Singapore Legal Service Team Awards

Left to Right
Front Row:
Mr Richard Magnus (Member, Senior Personnel Board and Senior District Judge)
Mr Chan Seng Onn (Chairman, Senior Personnel Board and Solicitor-General)
The Honourable Attorney-General Mr Chan Sek Keong (Member, Special Personnel Board)
The Honourable the Chief Justice Yong Pung How (Chairman, Special Personnel Board)
The Honourable Justice Tan Lee Meng (Member, Special Personnel Board)
Mr Lee Seiu Kin (Member, Senior Personnel Board and Second Solicitor-General)

2nd Row:
Ms Valerie Thean (Recipient of The Honourable the Chief Justice’s Award 2003)
Toh Han Li, Tan Boon Heng & Ms Thian Yee Sze (Recipients of the Singapore Legal Service
  Judicial Branch Team Award 2003)
Tan Ken Hwee (Recipient of the Honourable Attorney-General’s Award 2003)
David Lim, Ms Melinda Moosa, Ms Woon Seow Cheng, Ms Zarinah Marican, Ms Lee Yean-Lin &
  Ms Elena Yeo (Recipients of the Singapore Legal Service Legal Branch Team Award 2003)



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PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT                                  recognition of good performance and
                                                        to encourage officers to continue a high level
In order to achieve total organisational and            of performance. Legal Service salaries
human resource performance excellence,                  continued to be pegged to private sector salaries
the Legal Service implemented an effective              in 2003, to maintain market competitiveness
performance management system. Greater                  and to achieve a work environment that is
transparency and objectivity, the alignment of          performance-oriented. In order to remain
defined and measurable objectives, and the              sensitive to salary changes in the economy, and
creation of an appraisal system tailored to meet        more specifically the legal profession, the
the specific needs of the Legal Service are all         compensation package of the Legal Service
significant components of this system. The              was reviewed.
Legal Service Officers are given the incentive
to excel through the appraisal process. This
also acts as an additional measure to maximise          NO-PAY LEAVE FOR CHILD-CARE
talent by identifying potential and exceptional         SCHEME
performance.
                                                        The Legal Service No-Pay Leave for Child-Care
The appraisal is grounded on an impartial and           Scheme (“NPLFCC”) for female Legal
multi-faceted assessment of a Legal Service             Service Officers is an on-going initiative to
Officer’s performance and his or her possession         further enhance the family-oriented human
of critical professional core competencies. The         resource framework. It is to attract and retain
appraisal system and the new appraisal forms            good female Legal Service Officers in the
facilitate the alignment of individual targets          Service. Under the scheme, female Legal
and objectives with the corporate statement,            Service Officers in the smaller Legal
mission and core values of the Legal Service.           Service Departments (those with 12 or less
                                                        establishment posts) may apply for no-pay
                                                        leave for childcare.
COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS
                                                        The establishment posts for these officers
An attractive remuneration package, based on            are held against one of the supernumerary
the premise of recognising potential through            posts at the LSC Secretariat. This releases the
increases in gross monthly salary, and                  establishment posts in the smaller departments
rewarding performance through bonus                     and enables a new Legal Service Officer to be
payments, was implemented by the Legal                  posted in to assume the duties of these officers
Service. Annual variable increments were                during their absence. In 2003, one officer’s
awarded in April 2003 based on merit.                   NPLFCC was extended for another year,
Performance bonuses were also paid to                   while another resumed duty at her previous
Legal Service Officers in March 2003 in                 department.


                                                   88
PRIDE   IN   SERVICE
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                                      Pride in Service


PRIDE IN SERVICE                                      National Pledge. The NUS Choir thereafter led
                                                      the gathering in community songs.
The Supreme Court Bench and Singapore
Legal Service National Day Observance                 The solemn ceremony reaffirmed the
Ceremony 2003 was held on 16 August 2003.             commitment and deep sense of duty of
The Honourable Judges of the Supreme Court            the Legal Service to Singapore. It was also an
and Legal Service Officers of the Singapore           opportunity to recognise and acknowledge the
Legal Service gathered in the City Hall               efforts of members of the Judiciary and the
Chambers to reaffirm their commitment to              Legal Service in enhancing the Rule of Law,
our nation.                                           the administration of justice and the promotion
                                                      and protection of the interests of our people.
The singing of the National Anthem was led
by the National University of Singapore Choir.        Seven Legal Service Officers received the National
The Solicitor-General Mr Chan Seng Onn, the           Day Public Administration Medals in 2003.
members of the Senior Personnel Board and             Another four Legal Service Officers received
the Heads of Department led all present in the        the National Day Long Service Medal in 2003.

      LEGAL SERVICE OFFICERS WHO RECEIVED NATIONAL DAY AWARDS 2003:
                    THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION MEDALS

 NAME & DESIGNATION                    DEPARTMENT                        AWARD

 MR RICHARD MAGNUS                     SUBORDINATE COURTS                PPA (GOLD)(BAR)
 Senior District Judge

 MR CHIAM BOON KENG                    SUPREME COURT                     PPA (GOLD)(BAR)
 Registrar, Supreme Court
 (retired effective 6 December 2003)

 MR TAN SIONG THYE                     ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S                PPA (GOLD)
 Director, Commercial Affairs          CHAMBERS (SECONDED TO
 Department, SPF                       THE COMMERCIAL AFFAIRS
                                       DEPARTMENT, SPF)

 MR SARJIT SINGH                       INSOLVENCY & PUBLIC               PPA (SILVER)
 Official Assignee & Public Trustee    TRUSTEE’S OFFICE

 MR SOH TZE BIAN                       INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS             PPA (SILVER)
 Senior State Counsel                  DIVISION,
                                       ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S
                                       CHAMBERS

 MR CHIA WEE KIAT                      SUBORDINATE COURTS                PPA (BRONZE)
 District Judge


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       LEGAL SERVICE OFFICER WHO RECEIVED NATIONAL DAY AWARD 2003
              IN RECOGNITION OF CONTRIBUTIONS AGAINST SARS:
                     THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION MEDAL

NAME & DESIGNATION                   DEPARTMENT                 AWARD

MS HEMA SUBRAMANIAN                  CIVIL DIVISION,            PPA (BRONZE)
State Counsel                        ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S
                                     CHAMBERS




     LEGAL SERVICE OFFICERS WHO RECEIVED NATIONAL DAY AWARDS 2003:
                         THE LONG SERVICE MEDAL

NAME & DESIGNATION                                 DEPARTMENT


MS LIEW WOON YIN                                   INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OFFICE OF
Director-General/CEO,                              SINGAPORE
Intellectual Property Office of Singapore          (ON SECONDMENT)

MR TAN PUAY BOON                                   SUBORDINATE COURTS
District Judge

MR DANIEL KOH                                      CRIMINAL JUSTICE DIVISION,
Senior State Counsel                               ATTORNEY-GENERAL’S CHAMBERS

MRS DORIS LAI                                      SUBORDINATE COURTS
District Judge




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                             Pride in Service



                         NATIONAL DAY AWARDS 2003




The Chairman and Members of the Special Personnel Board with the Recipients of the
National Day Awards 2003 Public Administration Medals and Long Service Medal

Left to Right
Front Row:
Mr Richard Magnus
The Honourable Attorney-General Mr Chan Sek Keong (Member, Special Personnel Board)
The Honourable the Chief Justice Yong Pung How (Chairman, Special Personnel Board)
The Honourable Justice Tan Lee Meng (Member, Special Personnel Board)
Mr Chiam Boon Keng

2nd Row:
Mr   Chia Wee Kiat           Mr Tan Puay Boon
Mr   Soh Tze Bian            Mr Sarjit Singh
Mr   Daniel Koh              Mrs Doris Lai
Ms   Liew Woon Yin           Ms Hema Subramanian
Mr   Tan Siong Thye



                                        92
Editorial Committee

LEGAL SERVICE OFFICERS
Mr Aedit bin Abdullah (Chairperson)
Ms Sharon Lim Hui Mien (Vice-Chairperson)
Ms Audrey Lim Yoon Cheng
Ms Chong Chin Chin
Mr Glenn Seah Kim Ming
Ms Gillian Koh Li Ming
Ms Sandra Looi Ai Lin

LEGAL SERVICE COMMISSION SECRETARIAT
Ms Jeanne Kuik
Mr Andre Tan
Ms Jasmine Quah Zubair
Ms See Bee Keow
Mr Andre Moses Tan
Ms Jane Tan Beng Hong

IN CONSULTATION WITH
Mr Hamzah Moosa
Chief of Staff, Singapore Legal Service



A Raindance Design & Production
Legal Service Commission
    CITY HALL, LEVEL 2
   3 ST. ANDREW’S ROAD
     SINGAPORE 178958

       www.lsc.gov.sg

								
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