Child Abuse _ Neglect

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					          An Important
          Piece of

CHILD     Services
   Learn CPS History, Mission and Purpose
   Understand CPS Board Roles and Requirements
   Understand Roles of Regional and State
    Councils of Child Welfare Boards
   Understand & Recognize the Dynamics of
    Child Abuse/Neglect
   Learn Reporting Laws & Requirements
What Makes A Board Successful
   Must be well-informed about issues & decisions

   Communication system
    (how & how often members receive information)

   Personal Characteristics to Consider
    Ability to listen, analyze, think clearly, work well with people
    Willing to prepare for/attend meetings & ask questions
    Possess honesty, sensitivity to & tolerance of differing views,
    community-building skills, personal integrity, developed sense
    of values, concern for non-profit’s development & a sense of
   Board Member Responsibilities
Attend all board & committee meetings & functions (including
 special events)
Be informed about the organization’s mission, services, policies,
 & programs
Review agenda and supporting materials prior to board &
 committee meetings
Serve on committees or task forces
Inform others about the Child Welfare Board
Suggest possible nominees to the board who can make
 significant contributions to the work of the board
Stay current on child abuse & neglect issues
Follow conflict of interest & confidentiality policies
Refrain from making special requests of staff
Assist the board in carrying out its fiduciary responsibilities
 A Close Encounter of
the Board Information
    System Kind …
•   Focus on decision-making
•   Stimulate participation
•   Be clear, concise, meaningful,
    timely, and relevant
•   Board decides when information is needed
    Information may include Agenda, Discussion Information, Committee
    Reports, Financial Information, Annual Budgets, Minutes, Notice of
    Next Meeting, Strategic Planning, Memo from Board President, &
    Newsletters, websites, etc.
        Mission and Purpose
  Texas Department of Family & Protective Services’
                   mission is to

Disclaimer: Caseworkers do not possess superhuman powers, although at
                  times appearances may be deceiving

Child Protective Services’
purpose is to protect
children from abuse
and/or neglect and to
act in each child’s best interest
   March 20, 1848 – law was enacted providing for
    “apprenticeship” (a form of guardianship)
   1907 – Texas Juvenile (Dependency & Neglect) Act (defined
    dependent or neglected children – provided for first reporting
    requirements & home visits)
   1931 – Enacted law that created Division of Child Welfare
    Services and was placed under State Board of Control
    (allowed county commissioners to appoint county boards of
    7-15 to coordinate community services)
   1939 – State assumed child welfare services when State
    Department of Public Welfare was created
   1965 – DPW was authorized to cooperate with federal
    government in administering the anti-poverty program
   1974 – Texas Family Code created (gave more responsibility
    to DPW and made failure to report a misdemeanor & initial
    statewide child abuse awareness campaign started)
   1974 – 1985 Department administering Child Protective
    Services underwent 2 name changes (Department of Human
    Resources & then Department of Human Services)
   1987 - Legislature enacted legal definitions for abuse and
    neglect, as well as definition for “person responsible for the
    child’s care, custody or welfare”, and who could be identified as
    an alleged perpetrator in civil abuse/neglect cases (this
    narrowed the emphasis from child welfare to child protection)
   1992 – Legislature transferred CPS, APS and CCL divisions out
    of DHS and established TDPRS
   2003 – 78th Texas Legislature created Texas Department of
    Family & Protective Services (DFPS) with the passage of House
    Bill 2292.
                    Here’s the Game Plan:
                       Child Protective
                       Services Agency
 Investigates reports of abuse & neglect of children
 Provides services to children & families in their own
   Contracts with other agencies to provide clients with
    specialized services
   Places children in foster care
   Provides services to help youth in foster care
    transition to adulthood
   Places children in adoptive homes
Investigators have
    24 hours to
   respond to a
 Priority 1 Report
 and 72 hours to
   respond to a
 Priority 2 Report
   Federal funding from titles of Social Security Act (e.g.
    Title IVE funds purchased services & Title XX funds
    staff, etc.)
   County funding can also be used to match federal
   Costs divided among staff, substitute care payments,
    and purchased services.
   Staff costs include salaries, travel, training, office
    space, supplies, etc.
   Substitute care payments include reimbursement for
    residential child-care.
   Purchased services include counseling, in-home case
    management, protective child-care, etc.
        Child Welfare Boards
      What They Are & What They Do
             The Legal Base
   Comprised of citizens appointed by the county
    commissioner’s court
   Established through a contract between a county
    commissioners court & DFPS (Boards are an
    entity of DFPS for coordinating the use of
    federal, state, and local funds. They are also an
    extension of the county.)
   Legal base is defined in the Texas Family Code
    and the county’s contract with DFPS
      The Contract between the County & DFPS
      Points Addressed in the DFPS/County contract includes:

   The needs of children “in need of protective services” are to be met through
    an established child welfare board, which administers a county wide, jointly
    financed, state administered and regionally operated child welfare program
   The board:
    • is established & maintained as cited in Section 264.005, Texas Family Code
    • is comprised of no less than 7 and no more than 15 members
    • members serve at the commissioners’ pleasure & without compensation
    • members are removed or suspended when alleged to have committed
       abuse, neglect, exploitation or a specified crime involving an offense
       against the family, public indecency or the Texas Controlled Substance Act
   A child welfare board has the authority, duties & responsibilities conferred
    upon it by statue, DFPS and the county
The Contract between the County & DFPS, cont.
    The board’s responsibilities are:
     • assisting DFPS in identifying & meeting the needs of the county’s
       children covered under the contract
     • explaining to the community the child welfare program & its needs
        and to DFPS the community’s conditions & attitudes on policy,
        services & priorities
    • being an advisory to the county in developing the local policy for meeting
      the needs of children served under the contract, including acting as
      financial negotiator liaison between CPS unit & the county commissioners
    • ensuring confidentiality of information concerning the children & families according
       to applicable federal & state rules, laws & regulations
    • prescribing bylaws (approved by the commissioners court) that do not conflict with
      the terms of the contract between the county & DFPS and applicable state laws
    The county provides funds, at its discretion for:
     • the care of any child needing protective placement that is in DFPS conservatorship
        & ineligible for Title IV-E foster care or state paid foster care and/or Medicaid
     • medical care not covered by Title XIX (Medicaid) & for children ineligible for
The Contract between the County & DFPS, cont.
   DFPS seeks Title XIX Medicaid coverage for any Medicaid eligible foster child with
   DFPS receives & expends a foster child’s personal funds (SSI, SSA, child support,
    etc.) according to the child’s needs & applicable federal and state laws & regulations

In addition to the duties outlined above, the Child
  Welfare Board should report at least annually to
  the county commissioners court: the status of
  the county’s children, the status of the board’s
  activities/achievements & budgetary needs.
  The report keeps the county commissioners
  informed & helps pave the way for county
  funded projects.
ALL information
applicants, clients,
and families
involved with CPS is
under state and
federal law
These laws help protect people from
       exploitation, discrimination &
                    Client/child’s full name is
                    not to be used in CWB
                   documents as they are subject to
                   the open meetings act.
         Confidential information shared by DFPS
         staff must be done in the board’s closed
         Reports & ledgers are to use the first
         name & last initial (if more than one child
         has the same first name & last initial, then
         inclusion of the middle initial is used.
As a registered
  volunteer, you
  must sign a form
  acknowledging your
  understanding of
Child Welfare Boards should have:

 A mission statement
 A yearly goal setting meeting
 An annual budget
 A current roster of its members
 Job descriptions for its officers, members
  & committees
 Timely orientation for new board members
Executive Boards & Committees
   Each Child Welfare Board has a presiding officer, as
    cited in the Texas Family Code.
   A board’s executive officers & standing committees
    are designated in the board’s bylaws
   Child Welfare Board executive officers and their
    duties may be written as shown on page 26 of the
    resource manual.
   Standing committees address ongoing aspects of the
    board’s business & activities and are specified in the
   It is good practice to review your board’s bylaws on
    a regular basis and update as necessary
            BOARD MEETINGS
 Most boards have fixed meeting dates, usually meeting
 Board members should receive adequate notice for all
 Agendas & basic background material are usually sent out to
  the full board at least a week before the meeting.
 Notice of the meeting must be posted in accordance with the
  Texas Open Meetings Act.
 To encourage participation & to share workload, several people
  are usually responsible for handling individual items on the
 Texas Family Code §264.005(g) allows for closed meetings for
  certain purposes; however separate minutes should be kept for
  the closed sessions and no official action may be taken during
  that time.
•   Copy of this CWB Resource Manual
•   Review & signing of Confidentiality Statement
•   Minutes from the past few meetings
•   Volunteer registration forms to be returned to
    CPS (250 & 250b)
•   Local Child Welfare Board bylaws
•   Updated board membership list
•   Child Welfare Board contract with the county
•   List of staff members working with the board &
    their telephone numbers
•   Two hours of Open Government Training within
    90 days of appointment to the board


                                               Form 0260
                                            Activity Report or
                                              E-mail to the

Boards can track volunteer hours at
     My Volunteer
      On any internet-accessible computer
  Ask your Community Initiatives Specialist how
       Regional Child Welfare Board
            Advisory Councils
   Each region has a regional child welfare board advisory council
    that is comprised of appointed delegates from the region’s local
    child welfare boards.

   The mission of the regional councils is to advocate for the
    welfare of children & to assist local boards in achieving their
    goals. Regional councils provide training & information on
    regional and statewide issues.

   Each regional council elects 2-3 members to represent their
    council at the Texas Council of Child Welfare Boards.
Duties of regional delegates are:

To serve as liaison between the regional council
 & the local board by reporting the local board’s
 activities & concerns, as well as relaying
 information obtained at the regional meetings
 back to the local board.
To educate oneself & one’s local board on child
 abuse & neglect, & resources available for
 prevention, intervention, & treatment.
To attend regional meetings regularly & to
 actively participate in the regional council’s
 committees & activities.
Texas Council of Child Welfare Boards

 MISSION: To support a statewide network of
 volunteers concerned with the welfare of children,
 especially those who are abused & neglected.

 VISION: To lead a cohesive network of child
 welfare boards supporting services to vulnerable
 children & families & promoting prevention of child
 abuse and neglect so that ALL children live in a
 loving, nurturing & safe environment.
Education - Keep members informed on ways to educate their community on
child abuse and neglect, conduct training sessions for new members, and stay
alert for media items to share with membership.

Advocacy - Study issues and advocate for adequate resources and policies
for abused and neglected children, research and analyze problems and
questions, and inform members and community at large on these issues. This
committee has two subcommittees: Urban Issues that explores problems
specific to major metropolitan areas and Rural Issues that explores problems
specific to rural areas across the state.

Awards - Plan the annual awards event that spotlights the volunteers,
legislators, staff, foster parents, and media personnel who have championed
issues for abused and neglected children.

Resource Development - Research special projects, pursue grants and other
funding sources, and oversees the specialty plate initiative.
              TCCWB GOALS
Identified in 2008-2012 Strategic Planning:
 To normalize the experience of children in the foster care
  system and to connect them to communities.
 To assist in connecting with relatives in order to create a
  support network for children in care.
 To assist youth transitioning out of foster care with the
  support and skills necessary to become self-sufficient
 To educate regional and county boards to more effectively
  carry out their mission and statutory mandate.
 To continue to advocate for the adequate resources and
  policies to provide services for abused and neglected
 To increase and diversify funding through grants,
  donations, and other community resources.
              ABUSE & NEGLECT
                             PHYSICAL        SEXUAL
                              ABUSE          ABUSE

                              RAPR      Physical
                      ABAN              Neglect
Emotional   Medical
 Abuse      Neglect                                Neglectful
              Physical Abuse
Physical injury that results in substantial harm to the
  child, or genuine threat of substantial harm from
              physical injury to the child

 Includes but not limited to:

    Pushing         Shoving           Holding
    Choking         Slapping          Kicking
    Hitting         Hair Pulling      Confinement
    Burning         Beating           Biting
            Emotional Abuse
Mental or emotional injury to a child that results in an
  observable and material impairment in the child’s
 growth, development, or psychological functioning.

Includes but not limited to:
Name Calling                         Yelling
Insults                              Threats
Isolation                            Ignoring
Constant Criticism                   Scapegoating
Treating in a degrading manner
Failure to provide for a child’s basic needs necessary
to sustain the life or health of a child, excluding
failure caused primarily by financial inability unless
relief services have been offered & refused.
Withholding daily needs (food, personal care,
      medication, medical attention)
Unsanitary living conditions
Lack of proper supervision
Lack of clothing
Lack of personal hygiene
Lack of heat, running water, electricity
            Sexual Abuse
          Sexual conduct harmful to a
 child's mental, emotional, or physical welfare.

Can Include:
Touching             Rape
Photographing        Videotaping
Showing Pornography
Calling someone sexual names
Making remarks with sexual undertones
      The Reality of Sex Offenders
   Sexual abuse is usually thought out and carefully planned by
    the offender.
   Most sexual assaults occur in the home of either the victim or
   Most sex offenders are heterosexual men who appear to have
    “normal” relationships with adults.
   Most sex offenders are of average intelligence and usually not
    mentally ill.
   Most offenders look “normal” and can be of any race, social
    class, physical appearance, or work in any occupation.
   88% of children are abused by someone they know, or to
    whom they are related.
   Child abuse occurs in all families. Race and socioeconomic
    status are not factors.
      Symptoms of Child Sexual
   PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
   Sexualized Behaviors
   Behavior Problems
   Poor self-esteem
   Fears
   Nightmares
   Anxiety
   Depression
Behaviors To Expect

   Clinging
   Manipulation
   Crying
   Angry
   Quiet
   Talkative
CPS Permanency Goals

     For overview of
 12-month court process
   for child abuse and
     neglect cases …
  see page 68 of your
    Resource Manual
                                          Who Must Report?

               Any person who suspects that a child
               has been abused or neglected by any
               person must report the suspected abuse
               or neglect.
               Professionals must report within 48 hours
               of first suspecting abuse or neglect.

Pursuant to Chapter 261.101 (a) and 261.103 of the Texas Family Code
Legal Protection
     Reports of child abuse or
     neglect made in "good faith"
     and "without malice" are
     confidential and immune from
     civil liability. The law provides
     for immunity from civil or
     criminal liability for innocent
     persons who report even
     unfounded suspicions, as long
     as your report is made in good
Information Needed in Reporting
Each child’s name, description, address or some
  other way to locate
Nature of the harm or risk
Other persons involved and how to locate them
Other family members that may be able to care for the
To Report Abuse in Texas, call the

   Questions or Concerns
Your local Community Initiatives Specialists

Texas Council of Child Welfare Boards