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Safety in Ladders

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					Safety in Ladders
The no fall down
training requirement
of the job!



 P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta
              Canada
TRAINING
OUTLINE
 Introduction and what the
  law says
 Hazards and pre-use checks
 Positioning
 Safe use
 Quiz




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LADDERS




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                       Canada
BEFORE YOU START WORK
ELIMINATE THE RISK
Ask yourself:
 • Can the job be done from the ground using
   extension tools?
 • Can construction or repair of the item be done
   on the ground?
 • Can the item being accessed be relocated to
   the ground temporarily or permanently to
   eliminate the need to work from a height?

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                              Canada
BEFORE YOU START WORK
REDUCE THE RISK
Before you start work consider:
 using a scaffold either fixed or mobile
 using secure perimeter screens, fencing,
  handrails or other form of barrier protection
 using an elevating work platform - a scissor lift
  or cherry picker
 installing fixed stairs or steps.


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                               Canada
SAFE
ALTERNATIVES
 You should only consider using a ladder if other
  alternatives cannot be used or are not
  reasonably practicable and a ladder can be used
  safely.
 There are many more factors to consider before
  you decide to use a ladder.



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                              Canada
BEFORE DECIDING
TO USE A LADDER
Consider the following:
 heavy work
 duration of the job - fatigue
 proximity of the work to heights such as adjacent to fixed
  handrails - ie mezzanine floors, balconies etc.
 worker experience
 wet weather or slippery surfaces
 windy weather
 work near powerlines or live wires
 anything likely to hit the ladder when it is set up.
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                                 Canada
BEFORE DECIDING
TO USE A LADDER
 Work outside the ladder styles/over reach.
 Unstable ground surfaces.
 Any other factors present that might increase the risk of a
  fall from a ladder.

Consult with workers, contractors and others on site to
help you answer these questions.
If you cannot eliminate these factors, you will need to take
additional precautions or else the work cannot be done safely
using a ladder.

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                                     Canada
REMEMBER
Portable ladders should only be used
to gain access to an area to carry out light duty
work of short duration.




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                              Canada
HAZARDS
AND PRE-USE CHECKS
Why do people fall from ladders?




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                             Canada
HAZARDS
AND PRE-USE CHECKS
 Choose the correct ladder for the job - use an industrial
  ladder, not a domestic one
    Portable ladders are rated as either Industrial or Domestic
     in accordance with their designed service capability and
     are marked accordingly by a sticker.

      Industrial ladders have a load rating of not less than
       120kg.
      Domestic ladders have a load rating of not less than
       100kg.
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                                   Canada
HAZARDS
AND PRE-USE CHECKS
 Do not use a metal ladder or a wire-reinforced
  timber ladder, where electrical hazards exist.
 Don’t use a damaged ladder - what should you
  be looking for?
 Damaged ladders - who do you report damaged
  equipment to?
 Ladder storage.


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                              Canada
POSITIONING
THE LADDER - GENERAL
Do not position a ladder:
 where it can be knocked
 where it may get struck by a passing vehicle
 within 3m of overhead powerlines.
Make sure:
 each foot of the ladder is on a clean, firm footing
 the ladder is at the correct height.
Avoid placing ladders on side or back slopes.

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                                 Canada
POSITIONING
THE LADDER
 Angle the ladder one out
  and four up.

  (means of securing omitted for clarity)




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                                          Canada
POSITIONING
THE LADDER
 Secure the ladder firmly.
 Attach ties to the stiles not
  the rungs of the ladder.
 Do not place the top of a
  ladder against a fragile or
  unstable surface.




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                                 Canada
POSITIONING
THE LADDER
 Foot the ladder.
 Never ‘walk’ a ladder.




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                                  Canada
WORKING
FROM A LADDER
Maintain three points of contact with
the ladder at all times – do NOT over
reach.




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                               Canada
WORKING
FROM A LADDER
Do not use the top three steps
and only work on a job within
easy arm’s reach of the ladder.




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WORKING
FROM A LADDER
Position stepladders with the
rungs facing the work
activity.




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                                Canada
WORKING
FROM A LADDER - GENERAL
 Don’t carry anything in your hands when climbing or
    descending.
   Don’t carry heavy or awkward shaped objects on a
    ladder.
   Do not throw things from a ladder
   Don’t rush.
   Watch where you place your feet at the bottom - make
    sure you don’t miss the lower rung when you step off.

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                                 Canada
WORKING
FROM A LADDER - GENERAL
 Consider any medical conditions or drugs that could
    affect your safety.
   Do not use tools that require a high degree of
    leverage.
   One ladder = one person.
   Wear the correct footwear.
   Clean footwear and ladder rungs before using the
    ladder.
   Use a stepladder in the fully open position.
                   P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta
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                                Canada
KEY
MESSAGES REVISED
1.    BEFORE you start work consider safer alternatives to ladders.
2.    LIGHT work of short duration only.
3.    CHOOSE the right ladder for the job.
4.    POSITION the ladder correctly.
5.    SECURE the ladder.
6.    KEEP three points of contact at all times.
7.    FACE the ladder when going up or down or when working on it.
8.    WORK within the stiles - never over stretch.
9.    NEVER go above the third step from the top.
10.   USE both hands to grip the ladder when going up or down.


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                                     Canada
QUIZ
1.   What must you do before you consider using a
     portable ladder for a job?
2.   List three things you should be satisfied of before
     deciding to use a ladder.
3.   When you are setting up a ladder, what ratio should
     you use?
4.   Ties should be attached to the rungs of the ladder.
     True or false?
5.   How many points of contact should you keep on the
     ladder at all times?


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QUIZ
6.  It is ok to use a domestic ladder for small jobs in the
    workplace. True or false?
7. List three things you should look for when you are
    inspecting a ladder for damage
8. You should always face the ladder when working,
    climbing or descending. True or false?
9. Working outside the ladder stiles is allowed if you can
    support yourself on a solid surface like a window
    ledge. True or false?
10. Where the work involves hand tools, they should be
    carried in a tool belt or bag. True or false?
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posted:12/13/2010
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