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The Greening of MIT


									                          January 12-15, 2009

Sustainability In Action:
Greening Your Place at MIT

         Brought to you by: MIT Energy Initiative
                             EHS Office
                             Information Technology & Services
                             Department of Facilities
                             Campus Dining Services

What We Want to Accomplish
“Empower us (and our colleagues) to take action on energy and the
  environment – here at MIT and beyond – so we collectively can
  make a difference as a community”

 How are we going to do it?
   Part One:
      Hear from seasoned pros in key impact areas
      Provide some initial focus to our actions
      Provide information to help us choose and act wisely

   Part Two:
        Learn from all of you through your place-based expertise and experience
        Seek feedback on what you need to be successful in your place
        Create a vibrant community of practice and action
        Lay the groundwork for a nascent Green Ambassadors program
          And “sustain the sustainers”

Our Cast of Characters
 Laxmi Rao - IT Energy Coordinator, Information Services & Technology
  (IT Energy Saving)
 Jialan Wang - Grad Student, Sloan, Sustainability@MIT (Lighting)
 Niamh Kelly - Assistant Officer, EHS Office and Sustainability Program
  (Fume Hood Practices )
 Pam Lundin - Grad Student, Chemistry, Sustainability@MIT
 Kathreen Thome - Undergrad, Nuclear Sci/Eng (Zero Waste)
 Anne Wilson - Marketing Specialist – MIT Campus Dining (Dining)
 Wendy Gu - Grad Student, Health Sciences and Technology (On-
  Campus Living)
 Ruth Davis - Manager of Communications, Dept. of Facilities
 Steven Lanou - Deputy Director, Environmental Programs Office

Greening IT Energy @ MIT

 20,000 networked personal computers
 12,000 VoIP Phones
 $60M MIT Electric Budget - Electricity - $28M
 Plug loads are 35% of building electricity
 Rising electricity rates
 Reducing emissions
 MIT Energy Initiative, Campus Energy Task Force, Greening

PC Power Management @ MIT

WHAT Information/Tools are available?
 Guidance for Monitors and CPU power management
 Caveats for configuring power management
 Myth vs Fact
 Savings in Electricity
 Other Benefits
 Tri-fold Brochure for distribution
 Web site for details on configuration

ACTION: Use Power Management for CPU’s & Monitors

             SAVINGS: Electricity, Energy Costs & Carbon
          Equivalent average Cambridge homes powered= 962
                         Unit      Green   A nnual        A nnual cost
                                                                          A nnual C
               # units   sav ing s action  energ y sav ed sav ing s @
                                                                         sav ing s (lbs)
                         (watts) hours/day (kW h)         11c/kW h

Desktop C PU    11,250     65        14       3,736,688      $411,036      3,363,019
Laptop          3,750      15        14        287,438        $31,618       258,694
Monitor- 17”
                 5000      60        14       1,533,000      $168,630      1,379,700
Monitor- 17”
                15000      33        14       2,529,450      $278,240      2,276,505
TOT A L                                       8,086,575      $889,523      7,277,918

ACTION: Turn off LCD Display on VoIP phone

          SAVINGS: Electricity, Energy Costs & Carbon
         Equivalent average Cambridge homes powered = 6

                   Turning off LC D display : C ampus E nergy Savings

                                       Daily       A nnual
            Unit            B ehavior                         A nnual
                                      energy       energy
           savings # P hones change                          savings @
                                      saved         saved
           (watts)          hours/day                         11c/kWh
                                      (kWh)        (kWh)

            0.50      12,000     24       144      52,560     $5,782

ACTION: Print Smarter - Print Duplex SAVE PAPER!

                               Estimated ANNUAL SAVINGS from
                                   20 Athena Clusters:
                                      4.3 million pages
                                      864 cases of paper
                                      $29,000 in paper cost

Quick Facts:
 Lighting accounts for ~32% of MIT’s electricity use
     Accounting for about 26,000 tons of CO2 emissions in 2007
     Which is the total annual energy use of about 1800 Cambridge
     At a total cost of $8.6 million in 2007
 During approximately one-third of the time that the lights
  are on in a room, it is unoccupied
     Huge potential savings!

ACTION: Turn off the lights whenever a
room is unoccupied!!

    Room Type              % of time on              % of time
     Classroom                    20                    13
          Lab                     36                     16
        Office                    33                     23
     Restroom                     71                     34
  Compiled by Closing the Loop during a study of Buildings 56 and 16
  during June 2008

sub-ACTION: Be vocal about the possibility of
other lighting options in your space

 We don’t always have the ability to choose what
  type of lighting we use on campus
 BUT- we can talk to those who are in control about
  other options
   $100 million in cost-saving facilities improvements have
    already been identified, including many lighting
     CFL retrofits
     Motion-sensors
     Dimming and daylighting sensors
   Advocate for MIT to invest in a greener campus!
Please be courteous to your facilities representatives

Fume Hoods – Energy Eaters

 Studies suggest that 75,000 fume hoods in the US
  cost upwards of $3 billion/yr to run [Wooliams].

 Fume Hoods use a lot of energy both individually
  and collectively

 MIT has 1147 fume hoods on campus (~600 VAV)

 Energy is used for heating, cooling and moving the
  air used in the process of operating fume hoods

Action: Shut the Sash!
Open Fume Hood Sash                      Closed Fume Hood Sash
 850 CFM                                 300 CFM
 $4000 (~$5/CFM)                         $1500 (~$5/CFM)
 One open hood is equivalent to the      Efficient use of fume hoods could save
  cost of heating a single family home     Institute thousands of $/yr

                                                                 Closed Fume Hood

Additional Actions:

 Keep fume hoods free of obstacles (wires,
  computers, etc) that will prevent you from
  lowering the sash, especially when not in use

 Work with EHS to optimize the face velocity
  of your Constant Air Volume (CAV) hoods

Transportation Matters
Why choose efficient transportation?
 C02 (and other GHG) emissions.

 Commuting
   22,000 metric tons CO2 per year
        – A Methodology for Assessing MIT’s Energy Use and GHG Emissions

 Air Travel
   38,000 metric tons per year
        – MIT Air Travel CO2 Emissions Report

 ~27% of MIT’s annual GHG emissions
Transportation at MIT
MIT Programs:
 Incentivizing sustainable transit
   reduced parking spaces
   subsidized MBTA passes
   VanPool subsidy program (for employees)

Outside Programs
 GoLoco
   $196.50 instead of $786 per year to park on campus
 Zipcar

ACTION: Prioritize and minimize air travel

                EXAMPLE: Roundtrip LAX to BOS
                    5,207 mi
                    ~1,550 lbs CO2
ACTION: Use alternate transportation for
commuting from home to MIT
                                           Use MBTA
                                           Carpool
                                           Walk or bike
                                           Rent use of a car

  Savings calculator:

ACTION: Use a fuel efficient car

  From the DOE; find cars with best fuel efficiency that meet
   specific needs

  Rates cars based on both their fuel efficiency and their tail-
   pipe emissions (though it charges a fee)

Zero Waste Event Planning
Quick Facts:
 Each individual = 1.5 tons of solid waste per year = about 4.5
  pounds per person, per day = 90,000 pounds of trash in
 Landfills rank #2 in highest greenhouse gas emissions in the
  US (after fossil fuel combustion)
 58% of municipal waste (by weight) are packaging and
  containers, or disposable products such as paper and plastic
  cups and plates, junk mail, trash bags, and tissue papers and

ACTION: Plan events with zero/limited waste
from advertising and the event
 Advertising
   Use electronic resources, Tech, poster with already used paper
 Event Waste
   Send handouts electronically, use whiteboard/blackboard,
     reusable tacks, computer at entrance, be creative in
     decorations, display recycling, hide trash
 Energy Conservation
   Look for LEED certified rooms, purchase renewable energy
     credits, make sure bike racks and public transportation are
 Participant Education
   Mention before and during event, provide visual and verbal

ACTION: Be creative and work with
caterers to plan event
 Servingware
   Recyclable, compostable, reusable

 Excess food
   Compost, donate,

 Finger food is always easy

 Please see zero waste guide and feel free to contact me if you have any questions

Working with On-Campus Caterers

 Use Bon Appetit, TechCatering, or hold your event
  at the MIT Faculty Club
   Eliminates vehicle emissions
   Flexibility in greening events
   Supports the dining system
 Things to request:
   Bulk beverages (juice, lemonade, etc)
   Linen instead of paper
   Post-event pick-up

OPPORTUNITIES: Drop-off Caterers

 TechCatering
   Uses some local suppliers and low-carbon distribution
   Linen, China, Reusable Utensils available
 Bon Appétit
   Ingredients are from sustainable, local sources
   Compostable goods offered, if building allows
   Lunch boxes are from 100% recycled fibers
   China rental available
   Linens at no extra charge


 TechCatering/Bon Appétit for Events
 MIT Faculty Club
   On-premise events eliminate transport, food waste is
   Monthly Specials from New England Ingredients
   Organic, natural meat and poultry offered, seafood from
    sustainable fisheries
   Large event leftovers to Greater Boston Food Bank
   Compostable paper and plastic ware offered, compostable
    trash bags used

Recycling at MIT
Why does MIT recycle?
 The Massachusetts Waste Ban
  requires it
 Reduces environmental impact
 Lowers costs for disposal
 Keeps materials out of landfills
 It’s the responsible thing to do

Recycling saves money and resources
MIT’s 40% recycling rate saves:
 24,576.51 cubic yards of landfill space
 6,441 pulpwood trees
 Reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 909.91 tons
 Over $265,000 in tipping fees

The Do’s of Recycling
What does MIT recycle?
 Paper
 Plastic and glass
 Aluminum and steel
 Electronics
 Cardboard
 Construction materials
 Yard waste

 Some things contaminate recycling
What don’t we recycle?
 Pizza boxes if there is oil on the box
 Hardcover books
 Styrofoam
 Waxed cardboard
 Tissues, paper towels and napkins

Single Stream
What’s new at MIT?
 Cans and bottles can
  go into desk-side bins
 Program began in August
 It’s now in 16 buildings
 Will continue to expand

Practice the three R’s
Reduce, Reuse and Recycle Tips
 Place recycling bins next to all trash cans
 Make your own recycling containers
 Give a second life to a container
 Use the back side of printed sheets as notepads
 Pass along stuff you don’t use any more
 Be elegant and use real dishes and cloth napkins

Part Two: Our Places

                 Greening Your Space: Office
Suggested Actions:
- Turn off lights when not in use, especially at the end of the day
- Put computers on sleep/hibernate mode and turn monitors off
- Turn off office equipment at the end of the day/use the energy saving mode
- Report energy problems to Facilities via SAPWeb – check “Energy Conservation” flag!
- Maximize existing recycling options
- Purchase environmentally preferable office products
- Choose more sustainable catering options
- Make use of MIT commuter programs
- Create an office Green Team to engage the entire office!

Barriers to Action
Additional Action Ideas
How can you be engaged?

           Greening Your Space: Dorm

Suggested Actions:
Turn off lights, heat/AC when not in use.
Bring reusable eating-ware to dorm events.
Shop with reusable bags.
Wash clothes in cold water (“Bright Colors” setting).

Barriers to Action
Additional Action Ideas
How can you be engaged?

          Greening Your Space: Laboratory

Suggested Actions:
Shut the sash (fume hoods)
Turn off lights
Use power management for CPU’s & monitors
Turn off equipment when not in use
Chemical inventories
Non-toxic chemical alternatives
Print smarter - print duplex SAVE PAPER!

Barriers to Action
Additional Action Ideas
How can you be engaged?

      Greening Your Space: Class Room

Suggested Actions:
Use Power Management for CPU’s & Monitors
Turn off LCD Display on VoIP phone
Print Smarter - Print Duplex SAVE PAPER!
Turn off lights

Barriers to Action
Additional Action Ideas
How can you be engaged?

             Greening Your Space: Events
Suggested Actions:
Advertising: Use electronic resources, Tech, poster with used paper
Event Waste: Send handouts electronically, use
whiteboard/blackboard, reusable tacks, computer at entrance, be
creative in decorations, display recycling, hide trash
Energy Conservation: Look for LEED certified rooms, purchase
renewable energy credits, make sure bike racks and public
transportation are available
Participant Education: Mention before and during event, provide
visual and verbal

Barriers to Action
Additional Action Ideas
How can you be engaged?

      Greening Your Space: Transportation

Suggested Actions:
Avoid air travel whenever possible
Carpool or use public transportation whenever possible
Use hybrid vehicles
Use manually powered vehicles (bikes, yourself)
Educate yourself on ways to improve driving efficiency

Barriers to Action
Additional Action Ideas
How can you be engaged?

Wrap Up                                     Request a greeningMIT
                                               workshop in your
 “Ah-ah” moments?                                department
 Any worst fears confirmed?
 Essential things we all need to move forward?

 Express your interest in joining our green- network
 Download some tips and tools from
   “Tips and Tactics”
 Get your Sustainability Tool Kit at
 Send feedback to


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