Prophet Muhammad _p_ Prophesied in the Bible

Document Sample
Prophet Muhammad _p_ Prophesied in the Bible Powered By Docstoc
					         Prophet Muhammad (p) Prophesied in the Bible

                           By: Ismaa'eel Abu Adam
       (This is the Transcript of my lecture "Prophet Muhammad Prophesied in the Bible")
Before I begin I would like clarify that Muslims believe the Qur’an is the
100% literal Word of God, it is the only authoritative, authentic and
preserved Divine scripture free from all human and philosophical ideas. The
Holy Qur’an is the last and final scriptural revelation given to mankind by
God. It was revealed to the last Prophet, Muhammad (p) more than 1,400
years ago. Thus a Muslim does not need any other scripture to base his or
her faith on, either in full or in part. However there is nothing unusual or
objectionable if a Muslim believes that the Bible contains apparent
prophecies about Prophet Muhammad, this is because the Qur’an itself
confirms this fact.


In the Qur’an we find a verse which claims that Prophet Muhammad was
prophesied in the previous revelations given to the previous prophets. When
the Qur’an mentions these previous revelations from God it means “the
original scriptures or revelations” that the old prophets received. However
due to the fact that today Bible Scholars all around the world tell us that
these original scriptures no longer exist we must therefore turn to the Bible
which we possess today to see if we can still find references to Prophet
Muhammad therein. Despite this fact pointed out by Bible scholars there are
still many prophecies in the Bible which indicate his coming with the
message of God (Islam). I will share them with you, starting with the Old
Testament before getting to the New Testament. I hope that by the end of
this lecture you will be better informed and able to make your own judgment
about this topic.


In reference to Prophet Muhammad the Qur’an says [SLIDE 2]: “Those
who follow the Messenger – the unlettered prophet they find described in the
Torah that is with them and in the Gospel…” (Qur’an 7:157). We can see
from this verse that despite the fact that the original Bible scriptures no
longer exist there still remains statements of truth in the Biblical scriptures.
The verse is telling us that the description of Prophet Muhammad was found
in the Torah and Gospel of his time therefore we should expect to find the
same descriptions today. Well let’s see what we find in the Old Testament. I
will begin with the Torah of Moses before looking at the writings of other
Old Testament prophets. I should also mention that the word “Tawrah”
which means Torah in the Arabic language refers to the books of Moses, but
can be used in reference to the complete Old Testament and all Jewish
scriptures as well. This includes the “Zaboor” or the Psalms within the Old
Testament. This is how the term has been understood by the Jewish nation
historically and this is how it was understood by the Arabs and early
Muslims. Alfred J. Kolatch says in his book called “This is the Torah”: “In
Jewish tradition the word ‘Torah’, which literally means ‘teaching’, is often
used to describe the entire gamut of Jewish religious learning. When so
used, ‘Torah’ refers not only to the five books of Moses, but also to the
prophets, Holy Writings, Talmud, and Midrash – In fact all religious
writings from earliest times to the present.”

                          OLD TESTAMENT

(1) God said to Prophet Moses [SLIDE 3]:“And the Lord said to me: What
they have spoken is good. I will raise up for them a prophet like you from
among their brethren, and I will put My words in His mouth, and He shall
speak to them all that I command Him.” (Deuteronomy 18:17-18)

Before commenting on this verse let me give you some historical
information. Among Prophet Abraham’s descendants there are two famous
genealogical branches, the Ishmaelites and the Israelites. The Arabs are
Ishmaelites, they descend from Ishmael, Abraham’s first born son. The Jews
and Israelites in general descend from Isaac, Abraham’s second born son.
God blessed Abraham’s sons Ishmael and Isaac with individual special
blessings in Genesis 17 and He promised that Abraham’s descendants would
occupy all the territories extending from the Euphrates River in modern day
Iraq all the way to the Nile River in modern day Egypt in Genesis 15:18. In
fulfillment of this prophecy these lands are today occupied by the
descendants of Abraham, the Ishmaelites, the Arabs. It is not true that the
faith of Abraham was preserved by the people of Israel alone. Abraham
himself offered tithes to the Canaanite priest Melchizedek and was blessed
by him (Genesis 14:18). Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses was also a
prophet of God, as well as Job, Balaam, Ad, Hud, Loqman and many other
prophets, none of them were Jews.
When the words of Deuteronomy 18 were spoken, they were addressed to
the Israelites. The most notable “brethren” of the Israelites (descendants of
Abraham through his second son Isaac) are the Ishmaelites (descendants of
Abraham through his first son Ishmael). According to the Hebrew
Dictionary of the Bible [SLIDE 4], the definition of the word “Brethren” is
the: “Personification of a group of tribes who were regarded as near
kinsmen of the Israelites.” Indeed the proof that the Bible refers to the
Ishmaelites as the brethren of the Israelites is found in Genesis 16:12 and
Genesis 25:18 where it says that the Ishmaelites where in opposition to their
brothers or brethren. Generally speaking tribal systems, especially in those
days had to work together in unity for their success and survival, so it would
make no sense for the Bible to say that the Ishmaelites where in opposition
to the Ishmaelites. The word “brethren” in these verses must be in reference
the Israelites, a different tribe in opposition to the Ishmaelites. Another
example of the Biblical use of the word “brethren” is found in Deuteronomy
2:4, 8 which calls the Edomites the brethren of the Israelites. The Edomites
were not Israelites as is proven in Numbers 20:14-21, despite this fact they
are called the brethren of the Israelites. So the Biblical term “brethren” is not
always used in a literal sense to refer to people of the same tribe. Therefore
the term brethren in Deuteronomy 18:18 can and does refer to the
Ishmaelites as the brethren of their near relatives, the Israelites.

Also, notice that the prophecy states that the coming prophet will be like
Moses. Many contend that this prophecy is fulfilled in the person of Prophet
Jesus but this is an incorrect contention. Jesus was not an Ishmaelite;
therefore he was not from the “brethren” of the Israelites, him being an
Israelite himself. This fact alone proves the prophecy is not about Jesus but
about another prophet. That prophet could be none other than Prophet
Muhammad as we will see.

Deuteronomy 18:18 says that the Prophet will be like Moses so let’s do a
comparison of the lives of Moses, Muhammad and Jesus to determine which
prophet is most like Moses.

[SLIDE 5]
BIRTH

Moses – Usual      Muhammad – Usual Jesus – Unusual
[SLIDE 6]
FAMILY LIFE

Moses - Married/Children    Muhammad – Married/Children    Jesus - Not
married, no children

[SLIDE 7]
DEATH

Moses – Usual    Muhammad - Usual        Jesus - Unusual

[SLIDE 8]
CAREER

Moses – Prophet/Statesman    Muhammad – Prophet/Statesman    Jesus -
Prophet

[SLIDE 9]
FORCED EMMIGRATION (in adulthood)

Moses - To Median     Muhammad - To Madinah     Jesus - None

[SLIDE 10]
ENCOUNTERS WITH ENEMIES

Moses – Hot pursuit Muhammad – Hot pursuit/Battles Jesus - Nothing
similar

[SLIDE 11]
RESULTS OF ENCOUNTERS

Moses – Moral/Physical Victory Muhammad – Moral/Physical Victory
Jesus – Moral

[SLIDE 12]
BEING SENT FROM A MOUNTAIN

Moses – God sent him from Mount Sinai   Muhammad – God sent him from
Mount An-Nour Jesus - NA
[SLIDE 13]
WRITING DOWN OF REVELATION

Moses – In his lifetime (Torah) Muhammad – In his lifetime (Qur’an)
Jesus – Gospels written after him

[SLIDE 14]
NATURE OF TEACHINGS

Moses – Spiritual/Legal Muhammad – Spiritual/Legal Jesus – Mainly
spiritual

[SLIDE 15]
ACCEPTANCE OF LEADERSHIP (by his people)

Moses – Rejected then accepted Muhammad – Rejected then accepted
Jesus – Rejected by most Israelites (John 1:11).


We can also add more similarities, for example both Moses and Muhammad
started their prophetic missions at the age of 40 while Jesus started his at age
30 and only Jesus is claimed by Christians to be God incarnate while nobody
claims Moses or Muhammad were God. And only Jesus is claimed to be
raised from the dead but not Moses and Muhammad. And both Moses and
Muhammad were given a Divine Law from God, the Torah and the Shariah,
but Jesus did not come with a new law but followed the law of Moses. So far
we know that Muhammad was an Ishmaelite-Arab, therefore a relative of the
Israelites and now after comparing these prophets it should be clear that
Muhammad is the prophet that is most like Moses. Notice that in the last
part of the verse God says: “…I will put My words in His mouth, and He
shall speak to them all that I command Him”. Well this is precisely what
happened to Prophet Muhammad, God gave him revelation and Muhammad
passed the message on to others exactly as he received it. There is not a
single word or comment in the text of the Qur’an that originated with
Muhammad or of his companions. In fact the Qur’an states about
Muhammad [SLIDE 16]: “He does not speak of his own desire, it is no less
than a revelation sent down to him”. (Qur’an 53:3-4)
So Prophet Muhammad was the Prophet who was most like Moses and he is
the one that God said would speak in His name. But right now you might be
thinking, wait a minute you can find lots of similarities between the prophets
and they all spoke in God’s Name so this doesn’t prove anything. Well in
reply to that I would bring your attention to Deuteronomy 34:10 which will
leave no doubt in your mind that Muhammad is indeed the coming Prophet
prophesied in Deuteronomy 18:18.

Deuteronomy 34:10 says [SLIDE 17]: “Since then no prophet has arisen in
Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face”. When you read this
verse what do you notice straight away? Well Deuteronomy 34:10 is telling
us that the prophet who is like Moses will not arise from Israel. Indeed this
is what happened; within the Israelite Nation there has never been a
Prophet like Moses who fits the descriptions of the prophecy. This is a fact,
since the prophecy was made; no Prophet has arisen in Israel like Moses
whom God knew face to face. Therefore this prophet cannot be an Israelite
or Jewish! He can not be Jesus because he arose in Israel. That prophet can
only be Muhammad because not only was he an Ishmaelite (or from the
brethren of the Israelites) he arose in Arabia not in Israel. So all the evidence
we have points to Muhammad as the fulfillment of the Prophecy given to
Moses in Deuteronomy 18:18. Also, in agreement with the description of
that prophet, Muhammad did in fact know or speak with God “face to face”
as the Bible puts it when he ascended to heaven in the miraculous Night
Journey called “Al Isra wal Miraj”, when God spoke directly to Muhammad
without any angels or intermediaries, it was here in heaven that Muhammad
heard the voice of God and God gave him the 5 daily prayers before
returning him back to Mecca after visiting Jerusalem. Please be aware that
even though the Biblical evidence for Muhammad seems very strong there
are still many people who will deny it. Those who deny it say that
Deuteronomy 34 was not written by Moses but by someone else, it is
assumed Joshua or perhaps some other follower of his and that at the time
when the unknown author wrote chapter 34 no prophet had yet arisen in
Israel like Moses. Therefore they will say that the prophecy could be
fulfilled after that point, by someone else other than Muhammad. Christians
for example will say Jesus is the fulfillment of the prophecy. But I find this
response problematic for 2 reasons: #1. Joshua never said he wrote it and it
forces you to admit that Deuteronomy 34 has an anonymous author; nobody
even knows who wrote this chapter. I believe that no intelligent Jew or
Christian will claim that a text which was written by an unknown individual
thousands of years ago is the Unchanged, Unadulterated, Perfectly Preserved
and Complete Word of God, the scripture that one should base their faith on,
a faith that one will take to their grave (I don’t know about you but I would
not gamble my soul away by putting my faith in such an anonymous
scripture), and #2. It forces you to admit there is corruption in the text, the
whole book of Deuteronomy has been traditionally attributed to Moses yet
now it is being claimed that the last chapter of Deuteronomy was not written
by Moses at all. It makes me wonder what other parts of the Bible they will
discover as inauthentic, unreliable and interpolated by someone other than
the original author. So this response and any similar ones, force you to
attack the credibility and dignity of the Bible. It seems that those who deny
Muhammad his place in this Biblical prophecy would rather be forced to
admit to textual corruption than to admit that God sent Muhammad and
foretold his coming in the book of Deuteronomy. For some 3500 years, the
Hebrews and later the Christians have attributed the book of Deuteronomy to
Moses. That is because Deuteronomy 1:1 and 31:24–26 say that these are
the words God spoke to Moses but that doesn’t stop Bible scholars claiming
that the last chapter of Deuteronomy was not written by Moses. I say that
those Jews and Christians who wish to remain faithful to the traditional 5
books of Moses and who believe them to be the Eternal inspired Word of
God will have no choice but to accept the evidence for Muhammad which
I’m presenting here today. Denying Muhammad this prophecy can only be
done by bringing shame to the text of the Bible by admitting that you have a
corrupted, inauthentic, unreliable, interpolated and anonymous text instead
of the actual words of Moses and I know that Jews and Christians would not
want to admit that about their holy books. But even if we disregard the
whole debate about the authorship of Deuteronomy 34, Jews and Christians
should at least believe that God is giving the author a unique futuristic view,
a prophecy viewed from the future perspective looking back through human
history to the time of Moses. In other words, the text is not viewing the past
from present but viewing the past from the future, a future prophecy which
stretches from the time of Moses (or the author of Deuteronomy 34) until the
end of the line of Israelite Prophets and the advent of Muhammad.

Despite the evidence I am presenting there are also many people who claim
that the prophet like Moses mentioned in Deuteronomy 18:18 is not
Muhammad but Jesus. Let’s examine this further to see if it could in fact be
Jesus. The Jews at Jesus’ time were waiting for God to send them 3
individual men. According to John 1:25 they are [SLIDE 18] 1#) the return
of Elijah, 2#) the Promised Awaited Messiah and 3#) The Prophet like
Moses. Now we must find out who these 3 men are. According to Matthew
11:14 and 17:12-13 John the Baptist is the return of Elijah. As for the second
individual, the Awaited Messiah, it is Jesus according to John 4:25-26. As
for the third individual, the Prophet like Moses, this has to be Prophet
Muhammad for the following reasons. 1) We have already seen the great
similarities between Moses and Muhammad, 2) Muhammad was an
Ishmaelite-Arab, from the brethren of the Israelites, 3) The Prophet will
speak in God’s name, which is what Muhammad did (Qur’an 53:3-4), 4)
Deuteronomy 18:21-22 says that what the prophet prophesies must come
true if he is a true prophet, and Muhammad’s prophecies did come true. Just
to give you one example: he prophesied that the Muslims would defeat the
two superpowers of his time, the Byzantine and Persian empires. This was
fulfilled just after his death. Can you imagine that, the 7th century desert
Arabs who were still too few and too weak at the time could defeat not just
one superpower but two? To prophesy their mere survival would have
sounded too hopeful! Well it did happen and these are historical facts. 5) We
saw in Deuteronomy 34:10 that the prophet could not come from Israel (or
the Israelite nation) but he must come from outside it. Muhammad came
from the Ishmaelites, from Arabia, which is outside Israel. 6) We saw that
the prophet like Moses could not be Jesus or John the Baptist, John the
Baptist was the return of Elijah, and Jesus was the Awaited Messiah. This
leaves us only with Muhammad as the fulfillment of Deuteronomy 18:18. 7)
Jesus prophesied the coming of Muhammad as we will see later when I give
evidence from the New Testament.

So I conclude this point by reminding myself and you all that God tells us
that we must accept and follow this prophet like Moses. In fact, in the Bible
God orders us to follow that prophet and gives us a stern warning not to
reject him, that’s how important this prophecy is. Continuing on with
Deuteronomy 18, the warning is found in the very next verse: [SLIDE 19]
“If any man will not listen to my words which he speaks in my name, I
myself will make him answer for it” (Deuteronomy 18:19). Notice the
words: “speaks in my name”, this description again matches exactly with
the revelation given to Muhammad because out of the 114 chapters of the
Qur’an 113 of them begin with Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem (In the Name
of God The Most Merciful, The Most Gracious).


(2) Moving on now to my next point from the Torah. We will look at
Deuteronomy 33:2, it says [SLIDE 20]: “And he said: ‘The Lord came from
Sinai, and downed on them from Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran,
and He came with ten thousands of saints; from His right hand came a
fiery law for them.”

At first glance this verse appears to be in the past tense, not a future
prophecy however when we understand the philosophical concept that God
is outside of time, as time is a created concept but God is the creator who is
outside His creation. We can then understand the fact that God is not
constrained by the laws of this world, and from His perfect perspective
everything can be considered in the past. Also, this verse mentions the word
“Lord”, in the Hebrew text it’s written as 4 letters without vowels,
transliterated into English as “Y H W H”. The proper pronunciation for this
Tetragrammaton is “Ya Huwa” which means “O He” or “O He is” the
implied meaning being “O, He is God” and as I said, God is not bound by
time. So even though this verse appears to be referring to something in the
past it is actually a future prophecy. In any case this verse would have been
understood by the Israelites as being a future prophecy as will be made clear
to you when I show you which future prophets are prophesied in
Deuteronomy 33:2. So let’s dissect this verse to make it easier to understand.

 Firstly, when this verse says: “The Lord came from Sinai” who do you
think this is referring to? What great Prophet of God is most famous for
being in the Sinai desert? I think we can all answer this one, it is obviously a
reference to Moses because he received his revelation on Mount Sinai in
Exodus 19:20. In other words God came to us through the inspired teachings
of Prophet Moses and it was God who led the believers through Moses in the
Sinai. So this part of the verse is an explicit reference to Prophet Moses and
how God came (or guided people) through him. Secondly, the verse says:
“and downed on them from Seir”, where is Seir and which prophet of God is
this alluding to? Seir is usually associated with the chain of mountains West
and South of the Dead Sea extending through Jerusalem and Bethlehem, the
birth place of Jesus. It was later extended to include the mountains on the
East side as well, according to the “Dictionary of the Bible, by John L.
McKenzie, p. 783”. This could not be a reference to Moses because he never
entered Palestine. So we should conclude that Seir refers to Jesus. Now, to
the rest of the verse which says: “He shone forth from Mount Paran, and He
came with ten thousands of saints; from His right hand came a fiery law for
them.” What prophet was passionate about using his right hand, who was
also given a Law from God and who shone forth from Paran or Mount
Paran? First we need to find out where Mount Paran is. According to
Genesis 21:21 Paran is a desert wilderness; the place where Abraham’s wife
Hagar and his oldest son Ishmael, the father of the Arabs settled. It is
common knowledge that Ishmael is the father of the Arabs, just like Isaac
and Jacob are the fathers of the Jews. These facts are generally not disputed
by anyone so I don’t need to prove that, but where is Paran the place where
Ishmael, the father of the Arabs settled? The answer is; Arabia, the land of
the Arabs. History tells us that Abraham took Hagar and Ishmael to Arabia,
in particular to a mountainous area known as “Baca” as it‘s called in Psalms
84:7, and in the Qur’an 3:96, today we call it Mecca. So Paran must be in
Arabia, and in particular Mount Paran is the chain of mountains in that same
region which the Arabs now call the “Sarawat Mountains”. It is interesting
to note that Prophet Muhammad received his first revelation in the Cave of
Hirah located in these mountains.

Is there any other Biblical evidence which will help us locate Paran? Yes, if
we turn to Habakkuk, one of the last books of the Old Testament we read in
chapter 3 verse 3 [SLIDE 21]: “God came from Teman, The Holy One from
Mount Paran. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of His
praise”. So again we find Mount Paran which is where Hagar and Ishmael
settled (Genesis 21:21) that is Arabia, but here it is linked with a place called
Teman. Just to give you the context of this verse, it is a prayer of Habakkuk,
as he is praying God inspires him to make this prophecy in verse 3. Again,
this verse appears to be in the past tense but for the same reason that
Deuteronomy 33:2 is a future prophecy so is Habakkuk 3:3. It appears that
God is giving Habakkuk a glance at a future event and Habakkuk is telling it
as he sees it in the past tense. In fact in verse 2 Habakkuk is asking God for
present and future blessings and this leads to his inspired prophecy in verse
3. And one more quick note about this, according to my Bible, The New
American version, verse 3 says: “God comes from Teman..” so it’s not in
the past tense here. In other words God is coming from this place in the
sense that He is sending us His guidance through His prophets. Now, in
order to better understand where Mount Paran is we have to find out where
Teman is. According to “J. Hasting’s Dictionary of the Bible”, Teman is an
Oasis just north of Madinah. For those of you who don’t know, Madinah is
in Arabia, the city of the Prophet Muhammad, the place where Islam started
to develop into a mighty empire of faith. With this information we are now
sure that Paran must be Arabia and in particular Mecca. Read Habakkuk 3:3
again, it all makes perfect sense. Muhammad did indeed come from Paran,
in 622 CE he and his followers were forced to migrate from Mecca (Paran)
to Madinah (Teman) where he spent the rest of his prophetic life teaching its
people the guidance from God (The Qur’an). These two cities, Mecca and
Madinah or Paran and Teman are very important to Muslims, in fact every
chapter of the Qur’an is classified as revealed either in the Meccan period or
the Madinan period.

Now that we know where Paran is, let’s get back to our verse in discussion,
Deuteronomy 33:2. It says: “He shone forth from Mount Paran, and He
came with ten thousands of saints; from His right hand came a fiery law for
them.” This prophecy can be none else but the Prophet Muhammad. Anyone
who studies his biography knows that he conquered Mecca with Ten
Thousand men and that God revealed to him the Islamic Law called The
Shariah. Deuteronomy 33:2 does not provide us with the exact number of
men that accompany this prophet but it was a large number, and such was
the case with Prophet Muhammad’s men. The historical reports say they
numbered 10,000 and it is interesting to note that the actual Hebrew word
used in Deuteronomy 33:2 is “Rebabah” which is translated in some Bibles
as “Ten Thousands”. However, according to Strong’s Hebrew Dictionary the
word is defined as: “multitude, myriad, ten thousand” which is the exact
number of men that marched to Mecca with Prophet Muhammad. Not only
that but the Prophet Muhammad was passionate about using his right hand
for any wholesome righteous act and he would use his left hand for other
things. In this way he was reminding us all to be righteous, keeping in mind
that the righteous people on the Day of Judgment will be those on the right
side of the Throne of God.

(3) Moving on to our next Bible verse, Isaiah 21:13-17 says [SLIDE 22]:
“Oracle on Arabia: In the thicket in the nomad country spend the night, O
caravans of Dedanites. Meet the thirsty, bring them water; you who dwell in
the land of Tema, greet the fugitives with bread. They flee from the sword,
from the whetted sword; From the taut bow, from the fury of battle. For thus
says the Lord to me: In another year, like those of a hireling, all the glory of
Kedar shall come to an end. Few of Kedar’s stalwart archers shall remain,
for the Lord, the God of Israel, has spoken”.

The first question we should ask about this verse is: What is an Oracle?
According to the “Scofield Study Bible New King James Version”, note 1,
on p. 792, says: “…an oracle is a word sometimes used in the prophetical
writings to indicate a divine message of judgment”. So in other words the
people of Arabia would be assigned the burden of God’s message. The next
verse talks about those who dwell in the land of Tema and greet the
fugitives, so we need to know where Tema is (this should not be confused
with Teman which we previously spoke about). According to Genesis 25:13-
15 Tema is one of the sons of Ishmael (the father of the Arabs). Strong’s
concordance of the Bible tells us that this name was applied to the land
settled by Tema. It also states that this word is “probably of foreign
derivation”. Indeed, the word “Tema” is an Arabic word which means
“Barren desert”. According to “John McKenzie’s Dictionary of the Bible”
Tema is [SLIDE 23] “a place name and tribal name of Arabia, a son of
Ishmael…” So it should be clear to us now that Tema refers to Arabia. Also,
I would caution you to not confuse the modern town of Tema in Saudi
Arabia with the Tema that we are speaking of. The Bible is using Tema as a
reference to Arabia in general.

Continuing on, verse 15 talks about the fugitives fleeing from persecutions
or “from the sword” and then in verses 16 and 17 it prophesies that in
another year the glory of Kedar will come to and end. Once again we are
forced to ask another question: Who is this Kedar? The answer is; Kedar is
the second son of Ishmael (the father of the Arabs) according to Genesis
25:13. According to the Bible, Kedar is also synonymous with all of Arabia
in general as we see in Ezekiel 27:21 which says [SLIDE 24]: “The trade of
Arabia and all the sheikhs (or princes) of Kedar…”

Now what do we make of this prophecy?

This Bible verse vividly describes a vitally important turning point in
Islamic history. Although no individual is singled out for mentioning it’s
still a clear reference to the fleeing of persecuted Muslims from Mecca who
came to Madinah for safety. The pagan Arabs of Mecca had been fighting,
killing and torturing the minority Muslim population. The citizens of
Madinah who had already accepted Islam helped the Muslim immigrants by
providing them with water, food and shelter. From this city the Muslims
developed into the first Islamic state which became a world super power.
About a year after the immigration the Muslims found themselves in a
situation where they had to fight for their survival and in this battle called
“the Battle of Badr” they defeated the pagan Arab tribe of Quraish and put
an end to the glory of Kedar. The Quraish were the tribe who ruled Mecca at
that time. So it happened just like Isaiah 21 said, “in another year all the
glory of Kedar will come to an end”. This battle described in Isaiah 21, the
battle of Badr marked a huge turning point, Arabia saw a power shift. This
Muslim victory was the beginning of the end for the reign of idolatry and
paganism in Arabia. The Muslim Nation would then go on to expand to
many other nations until it spread from Spain to China, fulfilling more
prophecies in the Bible including Daniel 2:44, and Genesis 15:18-21. These
are documented historical facts that appear in books written by Western,
non-Muslim and Muslim writers.

For those of you who might be asking yourself why didn’t God just mention
Madinah in this prophecy, the city of Muhammad, why mention Tema
instead? I think the answer is for the same reason why God prophesied the
coming of Jesus in the Old Testament yet didn’t specifically mention him by
name. Jesus is not mentioned by name in the Old Testament yet countless
millions of people believe he is mentioned therein. I think there is a similar
reason why Tema is mentioned instead of Madinah, if every article of faith
can be proven, in “back and white” as they say, than what would be the
purpose or function of faith? If everything could be proven than we would
no longer need faith. I also think that sometimes God gives us enough
evidence to believe in something yet the evidence does not amount to
absolute proof, this is done in order to test us in our faith. To me faith and
evidence go together, better than faith and proof do. Also, the city was not
called Madinah at the time of Isaiah so it would have been meaningless to
mention its name at that time. However, I think the evidence is sufficient;
Tema is in North West Arabia, the same general region as Madinah, the city
of Muhammad. The events described in Isaiah 21:13-17 which occurred in
Arabia or Tema where fulfilled by none other than Prophet Muhammad and
the Muslims.

(4) The next passage I want to talk about is Isaiah 42:10-11, it says [SLIDE
25]: “Sing to the Lord a new song, his praise from the end of the earth: Let
the sea and what fills it resound, the coastlands, and those who dwell in
them. Let the steppe and its cities cry out, the villages where Kedar dwells;
Let the inhabitants of Sela exult, and shout from the top of the mountains”.

Now let’s discuss this, when verse ten says “sing to the Lord a new song” it
is a reference to a new revelation, a new scripture because the Qur’an is a
scripture that is recited in the daily prayers of millions of Muslims all over
the world or “from the end of the earth” as Isaiah writes it. This also seems
to tie in with the prophecy in Isaiah 28:11 which speaks of a foreign
language. And commenting on verse eleven, we already know Kedar is an
Ishmaelite-Arab and he’s an ancestor of Prophet Muhammad. In fact, the
“Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament by H.W.F. Gesenius” says
about Kedar on page 724 [SLIDE 26]; “The Rabbins call all Arabians
universally by this name”. We also already know that the land in which
Kedar dwelt was in fact Arabia. In think it is clear that Isaiah 42:10-11 is a
prophecy about Islam and Prophet Muhammad. No other descendants of
Ishmael and Kedar fit this description except Prophet Muhammad; he is the
only single figure in history who led the desert Arabs to spread across the
majority of the known world within the span of 50-70 years. “Sing to the
Lord a new song” is exactly what Muhammad did, not in Hebrew, as the
revelation of the Qur’an was in the Arabic language (the language were
Kedar dwells). Prophethood among the Israelites had ceased. God elected
Prophet Muhammad from the Gentiles to bring justice to the world (Isaiah
42:1). This prophecy could not have been fulfilled by Prophet Jesus because
he said he was sent only to the Israelites (Matthew 10:5-6, 15:24 and Qur’an
61:6) yet the context of Isaiah 42 especially verses 1 and 6 is telling us that
the Prophet will be a Gentile, a Kedarite-Arab sent to the nations of the
world. Prophet Muhammad was sent for all mankind (including the
Israelites) as is stated in the Qur’an 34:28 but the Gentiles are specifically
mentioned here in Isaiah 42 because up until Muhammad’s time
Prophethood was found primarily among the Israelites.


Now if we turn to chapter 29 of Isaiah, concerning revelation from God it
says in verse 12 [SLIDE 27]: “When it is handed to one who cannot read,
with the request, ‘Read this’, he replies, ‘I cannot read’”. Anyone who has
ever read the biography of Prophet Muhammad will remember what he said
when the first revelations of the Qur’an came to him from God. When he
was told to read he replied in these exact words, “I cannot read” because he
was illiterate as the Qur’an states in chapter 7:157 [SLIDE 28]. In fact the
exact Arabic words of that revelation were [SLIDE 29]. Here is the
translation [SLIDE 30]. As you can see in the next slide, the Arabic word
[SLIDE 31] “Iqra” means “to read or recite” and it’s fascinating to know
that the same word was used in the Hebrew text of Isaiah 29. The Arabic
word that angel Gabriel used to address Muhammad was "Iqra". It is
derived from the Arabic root word "qara". However, if we were to go back
to the original Hebrew form of Isaiah 29:12, we would find that the actual
word which is translated into English as "Read this" is the Hebrew word
qara', {kaw-raw'}. So I think it’s amazing that the Hebrew text of Isaiah
not only used a word with the same meaning, but practically the same word
itself!
(5) Now I’d like to show you where in the Old Testament the Prophet
Muhammad is mentioned by name. We turn to the 5th chapter of the Shir
haShirim ( ‫ ,) שיר השירים‬which is one of the five megilot or Sacred Scrolls
that are part of the Hebrew Bible or for short the "Song of Solomon" (also
called "Song of Songs"). That chapter is giving a prophecy about an
individual to come, a mystery man.

Song of Songs 5:15 compares this prophetic mystery man to the land of
"Lebanon" which ofcourse is the land of the Arabs. This implies that the
mystery man would be an Arab. Verse 15 of the NIV Bible says: “His
appearance is like Lebanon", so this is an Arabic gentleman (or Arab
looking). Verse 11 says: "his head is as the most fine gold, his locks are
wavy, and black as a raven". Verse 10 describes this man as being "radiant
and ruddy" which means he was slightly light-skinned with a rosy color.
This physical description matches exactly with the authentic Islamic sources.
Sahih Al Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 747, says Muhammad was
slightly light skinned, with a rosy color (and has the same hair as is
mentioned in verse 11). Also, verse 14 describes this man as having a
stomach like ivory. I take it this means the parts of his body that were
usually covered from the sun by his garment, were very white (like ivory).
This also can be attributed to Muhammad who although having a rosy,
golden color, had white armpits. Sahih Al Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 17, Number
141 says you could see the whites of his armpits when he raised his hand.
I will agree that discussing skin color, and hair color is fruitless, this could
be describing ANY Semitic man. Yet in reading the English translation of
Song of Songs 5:16 it finishes the description by saying: "He is altogether
lovely" but what most people don't know is that the name of that man was
given in the original megilot. Here is the name [SLIDE 32] written in
ancient Hebrew as it appears in verse 16: (         ). It is read as :
"Mahammad". There is a plural used together with this Hebrew word, with
the plural it’s pronounced “Mahamaddim”. The ending letters 'im' is a plural
of respect, majesty and grandeur for God’s prophet, just as in the word
Elohim (is used for God). Without this plural of respect the name becomes
Mahamad. However there are people who dispute this fact and claim the
words "altogether lovely" are translated from mahmad (              ). They are
able to make this claim because in the writing of ancient Hebrew there was
no difference between the word mahmad (            ) and Muhammad (              ),
they are spelled exactly the same. The only difference is in the vowels used
when pronouncing the word. Hebrew is an ancient language and there were
no vowels, it is made up of 22 consonants. In ancient times, the reader had to
decide which vowels to add to the skeleton of the words. It was not until the
8th century that vowels were introduced, in the form of dots and lines
however this has nothing to do with original ancient Hebrew. The word
which some people claim was pronounced as mahmad, in ancient times it
was actually pronounced "mahamad". We'll take a closer look at this four
letter word and prove it’s talking about Prophet Muhammad.

Firstly, the way this word is written happens to be the EXACT same way
Muhammad's name is written in Hebrew. Let's look at the spelling of this
word. [SLIDE 33]


It has four characters. Going from right to left they are...




Secondly, according to “Ben Yehuda's Hebrew-English Dictionary”, the
word         is correctly pronounced "mahamad" (not mahmad). Ben
Yehuda's Hebrew-English Dictionary defines the word "           " as "lovely,
coveted one, precious one, and praised one". The name Muhammad in
Arabic also means "praiseworthy or praised one”, so this is the same word!
As was stated before, the name Muhammad (          ) and the Hebrew word
which some claim is pronounced as mahmad (          ) are spelled exactly the
same way in Hebrew, and both have the same meaning. The only reason
they are pronounced differently is because of vowels (dots and lines) which
were only introduced in the eight century.

Thirdly, if you don't believe me, you can go to these professional translator
websites, paste the Hebrew name           and then translate it into English.
You will see that it’s translated as "Muhammad". Here are the links [SLIDE
34]
:

www.freetranslation.com/

www.worldlingo.com/en/products_services/worldlingo_translator.html

Forthly, if you’re still in doubt, you can also listen to a Rabbi recite the Song
of Songs in its original language, in Hebrew where Muhammad is mentioned
by name. You will hear the word in question is pronounced as “Mahamad”.
Here is the website address [SLIDE 35].


www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt3005.htm

In fact here is the audio recording of the Rabbi reading Song of Songs 5:16,
I’ll repeat it to make sure you catch the name Mahammad. PLAY!

Fifthly, Song of Songs 5:10 says: "My beloved is white and ruddy, pre-
eminent above ten thousand." This is a prophecy of Prophet Muhammad as
he conquered Mecca. As I mentioned before it is a well known historically
documented fact that in the year 630 CE Muhammad entered Mecca as the
leader of an army of "ten thousand men". This verse and the preceeding
verse (v. 11) also match Muhammad's physical discription as found in
Muslim sources (having light skin and black hair).

And the sixth reason to believe this is a prophecy about Muhammad is
because the Arabic name Muhammad as well as the Hebrew form Mahamod
are derived from the same verb or root, they come the verb Hamad. This
verb consists of three essential consonants, HMD is how we can write them
in English. They signify “to covet, fall in love, long for, take pleasure and
delight in, and to desire ardently”. However, regarding the Hebrew word or
name Mahamod as it appears in Song of Songs 5:16, the former Christian
Theologian and Catholic Priest, Reverend David Benjamin Keldani, says in
his book “Muhammad in the Bible”, on page 150: “But the intrinsical or
spiritual sense of ‘Himdah’ and ‘Mahamod’ is: ‘praise and praiseworthy,
celebrity and celebrated, glory and glorious.’ For among the created beings
and things, what can be ‘more glorious, honourable, illustrious, and praised
that that which is most coveted and desired’”. That’s interesting, the
meaning of the Arabic name Muhammad as I said before means “praised,
praiseworthy”, so again we have a match in meaning.

Now, basically you’ve got about half a dozen reasons to believe that Song of
Songs 5:10-16 is prophesying the coming of Prophet Muhammad. 1) It
matches his physical features as an Arab. 2) The Hebrew word translated as
“altogether lovely” is written exacly the way the name “Muhammad”
appears in original ancient Hebrew. 3) Ben Yehuda's Hebrew-English
Dictionary says the word is pronounced as “Mahammad”. 4) The passage
also matches the historical events of the life of Prophet Muhammad and in
particular his conquering Mecca with Ten Thousand men. These accurate
evidences cannot be mere coincidence. 5) The website link I have provided
has a Rabbi reciting the original Hebrew and he pronounces it as
“Mahammad”. 6) In Song of Songs 5:16 the word Mahammad is used as a
personal pronoun not as an adjective or common noun as it appears in other
contexts that I have seen.

To me personally the evidence here for Muhammad is strong and I have no
choice but to conclude that Song of Songs 5:16, instead of saying "He is
altogether lovely" should say “He is Muhammad” because a person’s name
should not be translated.



                             New Testament

(1) According to the gospel of John Jesus told his followers to expect
another messenger from God called “The Comforter” or “The Advocate”
depending on which translation you read. John 14:16 has Jesus say [SLIDE
36]: “And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate to be
with you always.” A little later in verse 26 of the same chapter Jesus says
[SLIDE 37]: “The Advocate, the Holy Spirit that the Father will send in my
name – he will teach you everything and remind you of all that I told you”.

Whatever the explanation of the word Advocate is, we conclude that Jesus
had some kind of unfinished work and that someone else was coming to
complete that work. In the Qur’an we also read this prophecy of Jesus, but
here he actually gives us the name of that person to come. [SLIDE 38] “And
when Jesus Son of Mary said: ‘O, children of Israel! Lo! I am the messenger
of Allah unto you confirming that which was (revealed) before me in the
Torah, and bringing good tidings of a messenger who cometh after me,
whose name is the Praised One (Ahmad)” (Qur’an 61:6). The Arabic name
Ahmad literally means “Highly Praised, one who praises God more than
others” and this is another name of Prophet Muhammad (Muhammad as was
mentioned means “praised”).

Now let’s take a closer look at these Bible verses: Jesus said the Advocate
will be with you always. This is true for Prophet Muhammad because he is
the last of the Prophets and he is with us always through his teachings, his
teachings have remained with us just as they were more than 1,400 years
ago. This way of thinking is correct and in conformity with the teachings of
the Bible because Luke 16:31 says we can listen to Moses and the prophets.
How can we listen to Moses and the prophets if they died thousands of years
ago? Obviously it is through their teachings that we listen to them and in
that way they remain with us. Muhammad’s teachings are to be with always
because both the Qur’an and Hadeeth literature inform us that Muhammad is
the last messenger and prophet from God (For example: Qur’an 33:40). Not
only is the Qur’an persevered for us today but so are the teachings of the
prophet. John 16:8 says that the Advocate “will convict the world in regard
to sin and righteousness and condemnation.” All prophets convicted their
peoples of sin but not to the world like Muhammad did. Muhammad not
only rooted out idolatry in Arabia but he sent international envoys to the
leaders of Rome, Persia, Ethiopia and Egypt. John 16:13 calls the Advocate
“the Spirit of Truth”. Since childhood Muhammad was called “Al Ameen”
which means “the Honest or Truthful One”. This same verse says the Spirit
of Truth will not speak but whatever he hears from God is what he will
speak. As I said before when commenting on Deuteronomy 18, this is
exactly what the Qur’an says Muhammad did, he was given revelation from
God and he didn’t speak from his own desires (according to Qur’an 53:3-4).
No matter what aspects of this prophecy you look at, whether it’s the fact
that the Spirit of Truth will give reverence to Jesus, or whether he will show
future things to come, they all perfectly describe Prophet Muhammad.

Now let’s look at the context of John 16:12-15, as I read these verses ask
yourself does this description sound like a Holy Ghost (claimed by many to
be part of the Christian Divine Trinity) or does it sound like an actual
person, a prophet to come. READ! It’s clear from this context Jesus
foretold the coming of a real and distinct person not an intangible spirit or
ghost.

I think these verses are a clear reference to the coming of Prophet
Muhammad even though it does not mention him by name as the Old
Testament does. However, to make it even clearer the Bible equates spirits
with prophets, and in that sense the Holy Spirit is synonymous with the Holy
Prophet. For example 1 John 4:1-2 says [SLIDE 39]: “Beloved, do not trust
every spirit but test the spirits to see whether they belong to God, because
many false prophets have gone out into the world. This is how you can know
the Spirit of God; every spirit that acknowledges Jesus Christ come in the
flesh belongs to God.” This verse not only draws an equation between true
spirits and true prophets but it also says that any prophet who acknowledges
that Jesus Christ came from God is a true prophet. Muhammad made this
acknowledgement of Jesus so according to the standards of John
Muhammad is a true prophet.

Surely this Spirit of Truth who was to come after Jesus cannot be the third
divine person of the Christian Trinity because according to the Bible this
Holy Spirit had already been sent into the lives of people before Jesus was
even born. For example: Luke 1:15 says John the Baptist was filled with the
Holy Ghost even while in his mothers womb, also read what verses 41 and
67 say. That was before Jesus was born, but even after Jesus’ birth this kind
of Holy Spirit was already active in people’s lives. For example: read Luke
2:26, and 3:22. So this kind of Holy Spirit had already come. However Jesus
said: “And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate to
be with you always.” (John 14:16). Another Advocate or Comforter,
meaning an additional one different from the first one. Muhammad or “The
Spirit” is called “Holy” only to distinguish him from the Evil One or the Evil
Spirit called the Devil.


The Greek used in John’s Gospel to mean “comforter” or “advocate” is
"Paraclete". But in reality this Greek word does not mean “comforter” or
“advocate”, in fact it’s not a Classical word at all. According to the former
Christian Theologian and Catholic Priest, Reverend David Benjamin
Keldani, in his book “Muhammad in the Bible”, he says on page 214,
[SLIDE 40] the word "Paraclete" is actually a corrupted form of the word
"Periklytos". The literal etymological meaning of "Periklytos" is “the most
illustrious, renowned and praiseworthy”. This compound noun is composed
of the prefix “peri” and “kleotis” derived from the verb “to glorify, to
praise”. Now then we should ask, what do the names "Muhammad" and
“Ahmad” mean in Arabic? Again, as we learned before, Muhammad means
“The praised and praiseworthy one” and Ahmad means “Highly Praised and
The one who praises God most”. Here is wikipedia’s definition of Ahmad
[SLIDE 41] and here is another western reference for the Name Muhammad
[SLIDE 42]. Now we see that the Greek word "Periklytos" as well as the
Arabic names Muhammad and Ahmad all share the meaning of "Praised" or
"Celebrated". This is further proof that the "Periklytos", the praise worthy
spirit that Jesus prophesied to come after him was no other than Prophet
Muhammad. Muslims believe in Jesus as a true Prophet and we therefore
must accept his prophecy and believe in Prophet Muhammad as the Last
Prophet sent by God to guide mankind.

It is quite remarkable to know that Prophet Muhammad’s parents were
pagans who knew nothing of the prophecies in the Hebrew or Christian
scriptures concerning a great prophet to come to restore and establish the
religion of Islam. The fact that they choose to call their son Muhammad, the
first time in human history a man was called by that name, the prophet
mentioned in the Old Testament and Gospel, could not be explained as a
coincidence or accident, I believe it was providential and inspired by God.

In closing, there’s a lot more evidence I could share from the Bible but I
hope at this point you are all better informed about this subject. I hope you
understand the reasons why Muslims believe the Prophet Muhammad was
prophesied in the previous scriptures before God sent the Qur’an. I hope that
you will leave here this evening and make your own judgements of whether
you too should accept Muhammad as your prophet just as millions of other
people are doing right now all around the world. Islam is the fastest growing
religion on earth, people are learning every day that the revelation given to
Muhammad was indeed a genuine one and that he is God’s Final Prophet for
all mankind until the last day. Thank you all.