goga naturalresources fed panel - PDF by NPS

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									   National Park Service


                Natural Resource Protection and
                          Restoration
              Golden Gate National Recreation Area
              (Compiled for presentation to NPS Federal Panel, August 2002)




August 2002
   NPS Management Policies              National Park Service
                                        U.S. Department of Interior
   Natural Resource Management          Golden Gate National Recreation Area




          The NPS “will preserve the natural resources,
          processes, systems and values... in an unimpaired
          condition, to perpetuate their inherent integrity
          and to provide present and future generations with
          the opportunity to enjoy them.”




August 2002
   Biological Diversity                                 National Park Service
                                                        U.S. Department of Interior
                                                        Golden Gate National Recreation Area




          “Biodiversity is the extraordinary variety of life on Earth ~
          from genes and species to ecosystems and the valuable
          functions they perform.”

      • Biodiversity provides:
              – food, medicines and natural products
              – inspiration and cultural heritage
              – ecosystem services like pollination, air and water purification,
                drought and flood control, nutrient cycling, and habitat
      • Biodiversity is being lost to:
              –   habitat loss
              –   invasive species
              –   overuse of resources and pollution
              –   global climate change

August 2002
   Hotspots of Rarity in the U.S.                  National Park Service
                                                   U.S. Department of Interior
                                                   Golden Gate National Recreation Area




                                             •   San Francisco Bay Area named one
                                                 of 6 hot spots of rarity in the U.S.
                                             •   California floristic province is 8th
                                                 hot spot of global biodiversity
                                             •   GGNRA is part of core area of
                                                 Golden Gate Biosphere Reserve
                                             •   33 federally-listed threatened and
                                                 endangered species in the park
    Hot spots of rarity and richness         •   3rd highest in NPS after Hawaii
    from “Precious Heritage, the Status of       Volcanoes, Haleakala and Channel
    Biodiversity in the United States”           Islands National Parks
    The Nature Conservancy and               •   $1.5 million spent on federal T&E
    Association for Biological Information       species 1998 - 2002 in GGNRA
                                                 (approximate federal expenditures only)


August 2002
   Global Biodiversity Hotspots   National Park Service
                                  U.S. Department of Interior
                                  Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
Threatened & Endangered Animals   National Park Service
                                  U.S. Department of Interior
in GGNRA ~ 23 species             Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
Threatened & Endangered Plants   National Park Service
                                 U.S. Department of Interior
in GGNRA ~ 10 species            Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
Threatened & Endangered Animals                         National Park Service
                                                        U.S. Department of Interior
(Federally listed)                                      Golden Gate National Recreation Area


         COMMON NAME                      STATUS       COMMON NAME                       STATUS

     •   Bald eagle                         T      •   Northern (Steller) sea lion             T
     •   Bay checkerspot butterfly          T      •   Northern spotted owl                    T
     •   California brown pelican           E                 Salt-marsh harvest mouse
     •   California clapper rail            E          E
     •   Californian freshwater shrimp      E      •   San Bruno elfin butterfly               E
     •   California red-legged frog         T      •   San Francisco garter snake              E
     •   Chinook salmon                            •   Southern sea otter                      T
          – Sacramento River winter run     E      •   Steelhead
     •   Coho salmon                                    – Central Calif Coast ESU              T
          – Central Calif Coast ESU         T      •   Steelhead
     •   Humpback whale                     E           – Central Valley ESU                   T
     •   Least tern                         E      •   Spring-run chinook salmon               T
     •   Marbled murrelet                   T      •   Tidewater goby                          E
     •   Mission blue butterfly             E      •   Western snowy plover                    T




     Blue = species monitored at GGNRA


August 2002
Threatened & Endangered Plants                 National Park Service
                                               U.S. Department of Interior
(Federally listed)                             Golden Gate National Recreation Area




          COMMON NAME                 STATUS

      •   California seablite             E
      •   Fountain thistle                E
      •   Marin dwarf flax                T
      •   Presidio clarkia                E
      •   Presidio manzanita              E
      •   San Francisco lessingia         E
      •   San Mateo wooly sunflower       E
      •   San Mateo thornmint             E
      •   Tiburon paintbrush              E
      •   Whiteray pygmy daisy            E

      Blue = species monitored at GGNRA




August 2002
   Natural Resource Stewardship                               National Park Service
                                                              U.S. Department of Interior
   and Science at GGNRA                                       Golden Gate National Recreation Area



      •   Inventory of park natural resources
           – Vegetation mapping, wetland mapping, coastal inventory, avian and
              terrestrial vertebrate inventory, rare plant inventory, water quality
      •   Vital signs monitoring
           – Threatened and endangered species
           – Indicators of ecological health
                • water quality, stream flow, riparian nest success, Crissy marsh dynamics
      •   Ecological restoration and management
           – Invasive species control - e.g. Cape-ivy, Monterey pines, bullfrogs
           – Habitat restoration
                • Restoration planning
                • Native plant propagation and out-planting
                • Monitoring
           – Restoration of natural processes
      •   Environmental stewardship and education
      •   Science in support of park management

August 2002
Spotted Owl, Coho Salmon, and        National Park Service
                                     U.S. Department of Interior
California Red-legged Frog Habitat   Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
Oakwood Valley              National Park Service
                            U.S. Department of Interior
Coyote ~ Dog Interactions   Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
Coyote / Mountain Lion ~   National Park Service
                           U.S. Department of Interior
Dog Interactions           Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
Endangered Species Habitat                          National Park Service
                                                    U.S. Department of Interior
Marin Headlands ~ Golden Gate                       Golden Gate National Recreation Area




                                                         Mission blue butterfly
              California red-legged frog




               Tidewater goby

                              Salt-marsh harvest mouse


                                                    Chinook salmon
              California brown pelican

August 2002
Mission Blue Butterfly Habitat   National Park Service
                                 U.S. Department of Interior
Restoration and Monitoring       Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
 Crissy Wetland and Dune            National Park Service
                                    U.S. Department of Interior
 Restoration, and Crissy Airfield   Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
 Crissy Wetland Restoration      National Park Service
                                 U.S. Department of Interior
 and Monitoring                  Golden Gate National Recreation Area




                              EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA
August 2002
 Crissy Wetland, Dune Restoration   National Park Service
                                    U.S. Department of Interior
 and Crissy Airfield                Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
 Fencing Used to Protect Habitat and     National Park Service
                                         U.S. Department of Interior
 Restoration Sites from Off-leash Dogs   Golden Gate National Recreation Area




                    Save for fence pictures




August 2002
 Impacts of Off-leash Dogs on Native           National Park Service
                                               U.S. Department of Interior
 Habitat and Wildlife                          Golden Gate National Recreation Area




        •     Trampling, digging and     •   Disturbance to wildlife
              uprooting of vegetation
                                         •   Alteration of wildlife
        •     Deposition of nutrients        behavior
              from urine and feces
                                         • Increased opportunities
              contributes to spread of
                           Save for fence pictures
                                             for disease transmission
              invasive species
                                             to and from wildlife,
        •     Impairment of water            humans and their pets
              quality and increased
              risk of human exposure
              to contaminated soil
              and water

August 2002
 Wildlife Protection Area, Dune     National Park Service
                                    U.S. Department of Interior
 Restoration, and Crissy Airfield   Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
 T&E Plant Species ~ Potential               National Park Service
                                             U.S. Department of Interior
 Recovery Areas                              Golden Gate National Recreation Area




                     Serpentine endemics ~
                     potential habitat




              USFWS proposed Lessingia
              germanorum recovery unit



August 2002
 Native Plant Community Zone and           National Park Service
                                           U.S. Department of Interior
 Potential T&E Recovery Areas              Golden Gate National Recreation Area




                   Serpentine endemics ~
                   potential habitat




              USFWS proposed Lessingia
              germanorum recovery unit



August 2002
 Snowy Plover Management Area   National Park Service
                                U.S. Department of Interior
 Ocean Beach                    Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
 State Park Beaches to Protect   National Park Service
                                 U.S. Department of Interior
 Threatened Snowy Plovers        Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
 Dog Impacts to Wildlife on Beaches     National Park Service
                                        U.S. Department of Interior
                                        Golden Gate National Recreation Area




  •     Disturbance to T&E species:
        Bank Swallows, Brown Pelicans
        and Snowy Plovers
  •     Flushing of 100s to 1000s of
        migratory and wintering
        shorebirds




August 2002
 More Dog Impacts to Wildlife              National Park Service
                                           U.S. Department of Interior
 on Beaches                                Golden Gate National Recreation Area




  •     Disruption of feeding, increased
        energy expenditure, loss of fat
        reserves in shorebirds
  •     Disturbance to large
        congregations of newly fledged
        Caspian and Elegant Terns
  •     Harassment of stranded marine
        mammals and oiled seabirds
  •     Accelerated erosion of bluffs
  •     Crushing of Bank Swallow and
        Tidewater Goby burrows
  •     Impaired water quality


August 2002
 Fort Funston ~ USFWS Proposed   National Park Service
                                 U.S. Department of Interior
 Lessingia Recovery Unit         Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
 Fort Funston Habitat Protection               National Park Service
                                               U.S. Department of Interior
 Closure ~ 2000                                Golden Gate National Recreation Area




              Project Area
                                           PROJECT OBJECTIVES
                                      1.   Provide increased protection to
                                           new nesting location of state-
                                           threatened Bank Swallow
                             Lake
                             Merced
                                      2.   Increase biological diversity by
                                           restoring native coastal dune scrub
                                           habitat

    Pacific                           3.   Increase public safety
    Ocean
                                      4.   Protect geologic resources,
                                           including bluff top and interior
               Main                        dunes from accelerated human-
               Parking Lot
                                           induced erosion

August 2002
 Fort Funston Bank Swallow Colony    National Park Service
                                     U.S. Department of Interior
                                     Golden Gate National Recreation Area




                                    Listed as a state-threatened
                                    species in 1989
                                    One of only two coastal
                                    bluff colonies remaining in
                                    California
                                    Protected under the
                                    Migratory Bird Treaty Act




August 2002
 Fort Funston ~ Habitat Restoration   National Park Service
                                      U.S. Department of Interior
                                      Golden Gate National Recreation Area


   Central dune scrub




                                                                    Paintbrush
                        Beach pea
August 2002
Coastal Dune Restoration   National Park Service
                           U.S. Department of Interior
at Fort Funston            Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
                                 National Park Service
     Milagra Ridge T&E Species   U.S. Department of Interior
                                 Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002
                                                                 National Park Service
     Photo Credits                                               U.S. Department of Interior
                                                                 Golden Gate National Recreation Area




      •   California Academy of Sciences                •   Leonard, William
      •   National Park Service                         •   Lin, Dong, California Academy of Sciences
      •   Corsi, Gerald and Buff, California Academy    •   National Park Service
          of Sciences                                   •   Ordano, Jo-Ann, California Academy of
      •   Davies, T.W., California Academy of               Sciences
          Sciences                                      •   Resetar, Alan
      •   Game, John                                    •   Ross, Edward
      •   Getty, Don                                    •   Serpa, Larry
      •   GGNPA Site Stewardship Program                •   Tashijan
      •   Gross, Joyce                                  •   Taylor, Dean Wm.
      •   Ingles, Dr. Lloyd Glenn, California Academy   •   Thomas and Margaret Orr, Dr. Robert,
          of Sciences                                       California Academy of Sciences
      •   La Tourrette, Peter, California Academy of    •   Tuttle, Merlin, Bat Conservation International
          Sciences




August 2002
                             National Park Service
   Partners in Stewardship   U.S. Department of Interior
                             Golden Gate National Recreation Area




August 2002

								
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