Certificate of Substantial Completion Free Template - PowerPoint

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					Solar/Photovoltaic System
Referendum September 29, 2009
for the

Northfield Community School




                September 16, 2009   September 16, 2009
         Renewable Energy
The global warming issue is no
longer under debate & with the
rising cost of fossil fuels,
Renewable Energy must become
an option!
Beyond the raw cost of fuel there are the Hidden
Costs from our dependence on Fossil Fuels.
         Some of these costs are:
         • Health Related Costs               • Macro Economic Costs
         • Water and Land Pollution           • National Security
         • Thermal Pollution                  • Air Pollution



                         September 16, 2009
            Environmental Benefits
             30-year Lifetime Emission Savings
                           50 kW System

            Air Quality
                                                 Resource Conservation
 SMOG         12.5 tons    NOx

                                                      Oil    5,500   barrels, or
Acid Rain      20 tons     SOx

 Global       3,000 tons   CO2                        Coal   1,600    tons, or

Warming
                                                  Natural    350      million
                                                      Gas            cubic feet



                                 September 16, 2009
    Basic Principal of Solar Power
Solar cells convert sunlight to electricity without any moving
     parts, noise, pollution, radiation, or maintenance.
The conversion of sunlight into electricity is made possible
 with the special properties of semi conducting materials.




                           September 16, 2009
             How Solar Cells Work
Photons from the sun shine on the solar cell. The photons
actually penetrate into the silicon and randomly strike silicon
atoms. When a photon strikes a silicon atom, it ionizes the
atom, giving all its energy to an outer electron and allowing
the outer electron to
break free of the atom.
The photon disappears
from the universe and all
its energy is now in the
form of direct
electron movement.




                               September 16, 2009
    Free Electricity From Sun
The DC current is taken from the solar cells and manipulated
into an AC waveform through an inverter.
Inverters sense the voltage and frequency of the AC systems
that they are attached to and begin to “push” current against
that system.




     Inverters come in many shapes and sizes for all types of environments.


                                  September 16, 2009
     System Integration
A complete system includes:

 Solar Panels, Inverters, Mounting
 System, Conduit System,
 Combiner Boxes, DC Isolation
 Disconnects and the Connection to
 the Buildings AC Service.



              September 16, 2009
      Balance of System

Inverters:
 Converts DC Current into AC
 Current so it can be inter-mixed
 with the AC Current coming from
 the Electrical Utilities




              September 16, 2009
         Balance of System
Mounting Systems:
  –   Ballasted Mount
  –   Ground Mount
  –   Rack Mount
  –   Laminates
  –   Rails
  –   Standing Seam Mounts
  –   Single and Dual Axis Trackers


                    September 16, 2009
          Net-Metering
Net-Metering
 State regulations that permits the sale
 of our unused production of Solar
 Electricity to the utility for the same
 price per KWH as we purchase it.
 Over the course of the year we cannot
 produce and sell more electricity than
 we consume.


                 September 16, 2009
Installation Considerations

Orientation
 – Does the Array Point Southward?
     The more our Array point Southward the more
     energy production we will realize




                  September 16, 2009
 Installation Considerations

Angle of Inclination
 – The angle that a Solar Module is positioned
   above the Horizon.

 – What is the Tilt of the Panels in the Array?
      The ideal Tilt for our Array is equivalent to our
      Latitude Location. The Closer to the Latitude Tilt
      we get the more Electricity we will Generate.




                     September 16, 2009
Installation Considerations
   Angle of Inclination




           September 16, 2009
 Installation Considerations

Shadowing
 – A Shadow on our
   Solar Panels will
   Significantly reduce
   the Electricity the
   Array will Produce.




                   September 16, 2009
NJ’s Clean Energy Program
New Program – Renewable Energy
 Incentive Program (REIP) Rebates
  – Created by Electric Discount and Energy
    Competition Act (EDECA)
  – Established Renewable Portfolio Standard
    (RPS)
     • 20% Renewable Energy by 2020
     • 2% Solar Energy by 2020
  – $1 Per Watt up to 50,000 Watts
  – System size may not exceed 50KW


                   September 16, 2009
NJ’s Clean Energy Program
Solar Renewable Energy
 Certificates (SRECs)
    • One Certificate given per MWH of Solar
      Electricity Produced

    • Certificates Traded on the Open Market

    • SRECs ultimately are purchased by the
      Power Generators (LSE) to offset their
      requirement to produce Clean Energy


                  September 16, 2009
Solar Solutions




                  Margate Board of Education
                          518 KW on three schools




     September 16, 2009
            Solar Solutions
Toms River Board of Education – High School North




                     September 16, 2009
PHOTOVOLTAIC PROJECT PLANNING                                  Solar Facts

   Site survey/solar orientation, obstructions,          Approx. $7/Watt
         shading, etc.                                    average system cost
   Roof analysis- condition, type, remaining
         years of life, warranties                        25- 35 years
         (Consider roof replacement if necessary)         expected panel life span
   Structural analysis                                   (25 year warranty)
   Electrical service location and evaluation
                                                          $50 - $60/SF
   Determine potential PV system size and area
   Evaluate project financing options including          average construction cost
         Debt Service (if debt is incurred),
                                                          1,050 average
         Renewable Energy Incentive Program
         (REIP) Rebates (for systems up to 50kw)          solar hours in NJ
         and Solar Renewable Energy
                                                          Educational Aspect
         Certificates (SREC‟s)
   Determine expected utility bill savings via „net      Real time system
         metering‟                                        monitoring via lobby
                                                          kiosk and integration
   Calculate expected simple payback period
                                                          with computer network
         and revenue stream


                                     September 16, 2009
Northfield Community School




           September 16, 2009
Northfield Community School




           September 16, 2009
Photovoltaic Project Cost Work Sheet



                                    50 KW maximum
                                    allowed system
                                    size to obtain
                                    rebate



                                    District Aid
                                    Percentage
                                    (DAP) – 33.34%

                                    Minimum Debt
                                    Sources Aid
                                    Level – 40%

               September 16, 2009
Photovoltaic Project Cost Work Sheet



             $50,000



                                            Simple payback
                                            period 7.73
                                            years


                                            Total revenue to
                                            year 15 after
                                            payback period

                                            $217,625



                       September 16, 2009
NJDOE PROCEDURES/PROCESS
 Project initiation to obtain state project          • PV Projects are eligible
number, verification of district’s district Aid       for NJDOE Debt Service
Percentage (DAP)- which may have changed in July      Aid but are not eligible for
of 2008                                               ROD Grants
     Completion of project application package       • A bond issue for a PV
and forms                                             project may result in no
     Board resolution using standard draft           tax increase-
resolution language template                          • The cost of a roof
     LRFP amendment request if required              replacement project may
     Board meeting to pass resolutions to submit     be able to be fully or
project and amend LRFP (if          necessary)        partially offset by the PV
     Submission of completed application to NJDOE    project revenue stream-
timed for project completion (i.e.- referendum,       • Consult with your
summer work, etc.)                                    financial adviser in
     NJDOE issuance of Preliminary Eligible Cost     regards to the above.
(PEC) letter- project schematic approval
     Board accepts PEC letter
     Board forwards bond referendum question to
County Board of Elections
     NJDOE issues Final Eligible Cost (FEC)
letter
                                 September 16, 2009
                PROJECT TIME LINE
                                                                               Referenda Dates
      Referendum                                September 29, 2009
                                                                          January (4th Tuesday)
      Complete Construction Documents &     November 23, 2009
                                                                          March (2nd Tuesday)
       Submit to Local Construction Official
                                                                          April (3rd Tuesday- with
      Advertise for Bids                          December 14, 2009      annual budget vote)

      Receive Bids                              January 9, 2010          September (Last Tuesday)
                                                                          December (2nd Tuesday)
       Award Contracts                          January 14, 2010
                                                                                 REIP Rebate
       Contracts, Shop Drawing Preparation      January 27, 2010
       & Material Acquisitions                   through June 16, 2010 Receipt upon successful
                                                                        completion and
       NJBPU/Office of Clean Energy                       June 9, 2010 certification/inspection
                  REIP Rebate Extension                                 of system
                                                                                   SREC’s
       Construction Begins                                    June 18,
2010                                                                      Receipt upon the sale of
       Substantial Completion                   August 12, 2010          first megawatt of power
                                                                          and each megawatt
       Final Completion & Spec. Initiation      September 2, 2010        thereafter



                                              September 16, 2009
 Wide Range of Career Ops
Career Paths
  – Financial: Accounting, Tax Law, Investment
    Banking, Venture Capital

  – Scientific: Research, Product Development

  – Engineering: Electrical, Mechanical,
    Structural, Solar, CAD Design

  – Sales and Design

  – Trades: Electricians, Carpenters, Roofers,
    Laborers

                   September 16, 2009
September 16, 2009
September 16, 2009
 Thank You!
Any Questions?

     September 16, 2009

				
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