Allied Steel and Conveyors, Inc. V. Ford Motor Company - PDF - PDF

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Allied Steel and Conveyors, Inc. V. Ford Motor Company - PDF - PDF Powered By Docstoc
					                            Table of Cases
                                  —————
                                            Allhusen v. Caristo Const. Corporation,
                   A                            303 N.Y. 446, 103 N.E.2d 891 (N.Y.
                                                1952), 338
Abt Associates, Inc. v. JHPIEGO Corp.,      Alliant Food Serv., Inc. v. Powers, 2003
   104 F.Supp.2d 523 (D.Md.2000), 200           WL 21434786 (Ohio App. 8 Dist.
ACTONet, Ltd. v. Allou Health & Beau-           2003), 99
   ty Care, 219 F.3d 836 (8th Cir.2000),    Allied Fidelity Ins. Co. v. Pico, 99 Nev.
   229                                          15, 656 P.2d 849 (Nev.1983), 104
Adams v. Lindsell, 106 Eng.Rep. 250         Allied Steel & Conveyors, Inc. v. Ford
   (K.B.1818), 60                               Motor Co., 277 F.2d 907 (6th Cir.
Affiliated Enterprises v. Waller, 40 Del.       1960), 46, 49
   28, 5 A.2d 257 (Del.Super.1939), 78      All–Tech Telecom, Inc. v. Amway Corp.,
Agriculture Revolving Loan Fund v.              174 F.3d 862 (7th Cir.1999), 88
   Carpenter, 869 P.2d 1181 (Alaska         Aluminum Co. of America v. Essex
   1994), 312                                   Group, Inc., 499 F.Supp. 53 (W.D.Pa.
Ahern v. Knecht, 202 Ill.App.3d 709, 150        1980), 311, 318
   Ill.Dec. 660, 563 N.E.2d 787 (Ill.App.   American Broadcasting Companies, Inc.
   2 Dist.1990), 216                            v. Wolf, 438 N.Y.S.2d 482, 420
Ainslie v. Medlicot, 9 Vesey 21, p. 198         N.E.2d 363 (N.Y.1981), 182
Air Host Cedar Rapids, Inc. v. Cedar        American Home Imp., Inc. v. MacIver,
   Rapids Airport Com’n, 464 N.W.2d             105 N.H. 435, 201 A.2d 886 (N.H.
   450 (Iowa 1990), 201                         1964), 216
Akers v. J. B. Sedberry, Inc., 39 Tenn.     American Parts Co., Inc. (Detroit Body
   App. 633, 286 S.W.2d 617 (Tenn.Ct.           Products Co. Division) v. American
   App.1955), 49                                Arbitration Ass’n, 8 Mich.App. 156,
Akins v. Couch, 271 Ga. 276, 518 S.E.2d         154 N.W.2d 5 (Mich.App.1967), 69
   674 (Ga.1999), 203                       American Software, Inc. v. Ali, 54 Cal.
Akins v. Heiden, 177 Ark. 392, 7 S.W.2d         Rptr.2d 477 (Cal.App. 1 Dist.1996),
   15 (Ark.1928), 180                           213, 221
                                            American Stone Diamond, Inc. v. Lloyds
Alaska Democratic Party v. Rice, 934
                                                of London, 934 F.Supp. 839 (S.D.Tex.
   P.2d 1313 (Alaska 1997), 129
                                                1996), 213
Alaska Packers’ Ass’n v. Domenico, 117
                                            American Trading & Production Corp. v.
   F. 99 (9th Cir.1902), 32
                                                Shell Intern. Marine Limited, 453
Albre Marble & Tile Co. v. John Bowen           F.2d 939 (2nd Cir.1972), 312
   Co., 338 Mass. 394, 155 N.E.2d 437       America Online, Inc. v. National Health
   (Mass.1959), 316                             Care Discount, Inc., 121 F.Supp.2d
Alden v. Presley, 637 S.W.2d 862 (Tenn.         1255 (N.D.Iowa 2000), 229
   1982), 83                                AM/PM Franchise Ass’n v. Atlantic
Aldrich v. Travelers Ins. Co., 317 Mass.        Richfield Co., 526 Pa. 110, 584 A.2d
   86, 56 N.E.2d 888 (Mass.1944), 302           915 (Pa.1990), 150
Algernon Blair, Inc., United States ex      Anderco, Inc. v. Buildex Design, Inc.,
   rel. Coastal Steel Erectors, Inc. v.,        538 F.Supp. 1139 (D.D.C.1982), 91
   479 F.2d 638 (4th Cir.1973), 189         Anderson v. Oregon Short Line R. Co.,
Allegheny College v. National Chautau-          47 Utah 614, 155 P. 446 (Utah 1916),
   qua County Bank of Jamestown, 246            304
   N.Y. 369, 159 N.E. 173 (N.Y.1927),       Anderson Excavating & Wrecking Co. v.
   17, 18, 21                                   Sanitary Imp. Dist. No. 177, 265
Allen v. Rose Park Pharmacy, 120 Utah           Neb. 61, 654 N.W.2d 376 (Neb.2002),
   608, 237 P.2d 823 (Utah 1951), 210           293

                                        345
346                            TABLE OF CASES

Andrade v. Jamestown Housing Authori-        Bailie Communications, Ltd. v. Trend
   ty, 82 F.3d 1179 (1st Cir.1996), 186         Business Systems, 53 Wash.App. 77,
Anglia Television Ltd. v. Reed, 1 Q.B. 60       765 P.2d 339 (Wash.App. Div. 1
   (C.A.1971), 167                              1988), 286
Angus v. Scully, 176 Mass. 357, 57 N.E.      Bank of America, N.A. v. Bradley, 54 Va.
   674 (Mass.1900), 316                         Cir. 351 (Va. Cir. Ct.2000), 119
Arcadian Phosphates, Inc. v. Arcadian        Bank of Nova Scotia v. Bloch, 533
   Corp., 884 F.2d 69 (2nd Cir.1989), 65        F.Supp. 1356 (D.Virgin Islands
Ardente v. Horan, 117 R.I. 254, 366 A.2d        1982), 99
   162 (R.I.1976), 44                        Barber & Ross Co. v. Lifetime Doors,
Arizona Retail Systems, Inc. v. Software        Inc., 810 F.2d 1276 (4th Cir.1987),
   Link, Inc., 831 F.Supp. 759 (D.Ariz.         122
   1993), 222                                Barbers Local 552 v. Sealy, 368 Mich.
Arjay Inv. Co. v. Kohlmetz, 9 Wis.2d            585, 118 N.W.2d 837 (Mich.1962),
   535, 101 N.W.2d 700 (Wis.1960), 88           179
Armijo v. Ed Black’s Chevrolet Center,       Barnett v. Network Solutions, Inc., 38
   Inc., 105 N.M. 422, 733 P.2d 870             S.W.3d     200     (Tex.App.-Eastland
   (N.M.App.1987), 331                          2001), 228
Armstrong v. Bangor Mill Supply Corpo-       Battaglia v. Clinical Perfusionists, Inc.,
   ration, 128 Me. 75, 145 A. 741 (Me.          338 Md. 352, 658 A.2d 680 (Md.
                                                1995), 92
   1929), 155
                                             Bausch & Lomb Inc. v. Bressler, 977
Arnold Palmer Golf Co. v. Fuqua Indus-
                                                F.2d 720 (2nd Cir.1992), 189
   tries, Inc., 541 F.2d 584 (6th Cir.
                                             Beal v. Beal, 282 Or. 115, 577 P.2d 507
   1976), 65
                                                (Or.1978), 100
Arter v. Byington, 44 Ill. 468 (Ill.1867),
                                             Beck v. Manufacturers Hanover Trust
   212
                                                Co., 125 Misc.2d 771, 481 N.Y.S.2d
Arthur v. Oakes, 63 F. 310 (7th Cir.
                                                211 (N.Y.Sup.1984), 343
   1894), 182
                                             Becker v. Godfrey Co., 324 N.W.2d 830
Associates Loan Co., (N.S.L.) v. Walker,
                                                (Wis.App.1982), 335
   76 N.M. 520, 416 P.2d 529 (N.M.
                                             Becker v. HSA/Wexford Bancgroup,
   1966), 336                                   L.L.C., 157 F.Supp.2d 1243 (D.Utah
Atel Financial Corp. v. Quaker Coal Co.,        2001), 273
   132 F.Supp.2d 1233 (N.D.Cal.2001),        Beck Park Apartments v. United States
   171                                          Dept. of Housing and Urban Devel-
Augustin Bros. Co., In re, 460 F.2d 376         opment, 695 F.2d 366 (9th Cir.1982),
   (8th Cir.1972), 124                          250
Austin v. Mitsubishi Electronics Amer-       Beebe v. Hanson, 40 N.D. 559, 169 N.W.
   ica, Inc., 966 F.Supp. 506 (E.D.Mich.        31 (N.D.1918), 184
   1997), 104                                Benefit Management of Maine, Inc. v.
Austin Instrument, Inc. v. Loral Corp.,         Allstate Life Ins. Co., 993 F.2d 1530
   324 N.Y.S.2d 22, 272 N.E.2d 533              (1st Cir.1993), 261
   (N.Y.1971), 194, 197                      Bennett v. Shinoda Floral, Inc., 108
Autotrol Corp. v. Continental Water Sys-        Wash.2d 386, 739 P.2d 648 (Wash.
   tems Corp., 918 F.2d 689 (7th Cir.           1987), 301, 305
   1990), 168                                Berg v. Hessey, 268 Mich. 599, 256 N.W.
Avery v. Arnold Home, Inc., 17 Mich.            562 (Mich.1934), 299
   App. 240, 169 N.W.2d 135 (Mich.App.       Berke Moore Co. v. Phoenix Bridge Co.,
   1969), 177                                   98 N.H. 261, 98 A.2d 150 (N.H.1953),
Aviation Sales, Inc. v. Select Mobile           250
   Homes, 48 Ohio App.3d 90, 548             Bernhardt v. McGuire & Pritchard, 607
   N.E.2d 307 (Ohio App. 2 Dist.1988),          S.W.2d 8 (Tex.Civ.App.-Amarillo
   298                                          1980), 282
Azevedo v. Minister, 86 Nev. 576, 471        Best v. United States Nat. Bank of Ore-
   P.2d 661 (Nev.1970), 127                     gon, 303 Or. 557, 739 P.2d 554 (Or.
                                                1987), 261
                                             Bethlehem Steel Corp., United States v.,
                   B                            315 U.S. 289, 62 S.Ct. 581, 86 L.Ed.
                                                855 (1942), 287
Baehr v. Penn–O–Tex Oil Corp., 258           Binder v. Aetna Life Ins. Co., 89 Cal.
   Minn. 533, 104 N.W.2d 661 (Minn.             Rptr.2d 540 (Cal.App. 2 Dist.1999),
   1960), 19, 80, 82                            254
                               TABLE OF CASES                                   347
Bischoff v. DirecTV, Inc., 180 F.Supp.2d    Brown–Marx Associates, Ltd. v. Emi-
   1097 (C.D.Cal.2002), 213, 223               grant Sav. Bank, 703 F.2d 1361 (11th
Bissell v. L.W. Edison Co., 9 Mich.App.        Cir.1983), 267, 281
   276, 156 N.W.2d 623 (Mich.App.           Brunsman v. DeKalb Swine Breeders,
   1967), 308, 314                             Inc., 138 F.3d 358 (8th Cir.1998), 213
Bloomgarden v. Coyer, 479 F.2d 201,         Bud Wolf Chevrolet, Inc. v. Robertson,
   156 U.S.App.D.C. 109 (D.C.Cir.1973),        519 N.E.2d 135 (Ind.1988), 205
   88, 96                                   Buettner v. Nostdahl, 204 N.W.2d 187
B & M Homes, Inc. v. Hogan, 376 So.2d          (N.D.1973), 126
   667 (Ala.1979), 176                      Bunge Corp. v. Recker, 519 F.2d 449
Bodine Sewer, Inc. v. Eastern Illinois         (8th Cir.1975), 309
   Precast, Inc., 143 Ill.App.3d 920, 97    Burns v. Brinkley, 933 F.Supp. 528
   Ill.Dec. 898, 493 N.E.2d 705 (Ill.App.      (E.D.N.C.1996), 80
   4 Dist.1986), 289                        Burton v. McLaughlin, 117 Utah 483,
Boehm v. American Broadcasting Co.,            217 P.2d 566 (Utah 1950), 98
   Inc., 929 F.2d 482 (9th Cir.1991), 151   Busch v. Interborough Rapid Transit
Bologna v. Allstate Ins. Co., 138              Co., 187 N.Y. 388, 80 N.E. 197 (N.Y.
   F.Supp.2d 310 (E.D.N.Y.2001), 103           1907), 198
Boothe v. Fitzpatrick, 36 Vt. 681 (Vt.      Business Financial Services, Inc. v. But-
   1864), 36                                   ler and Booth Development Co., Inc.,
Boston Plate & Window Glass Co. v.             147 Ariz. 510, 711 P.2d 649 (Ariz.
                                               App. Div. 1 1985), 336
   John Bowen Co., 335 Mass. 697, 141
                                            Butterfield v. Byron, 153 Mass. 517, 27
   N.E.2d 715 (Mass.1957), 317
                                               N.E. 667 (Mass.1891), 316
Boud v. SDNCO, Inc., 54 P.3d 1131
                                            B & W Glass, Inc. v. Weather Shield
   (Utah 2002), 102
                                               Mfg., Inc., 968 F.2d 19 (10th Cir.
Bower v. The Estaugh, 146 N.J.Super.
                                               1992), 83
   116,     369    A.2d    20    (N.J.Su-
   per.A.D.1977), 221
Brack v. Brownlee, 246 Ga. 818, 273
   S.E.2d 390 (Ga.1980), 29, 270                               C
Brackenbury v. Hodgkin, 116 Me. 399,
   102 A. 106 (Me.1917), 55                 Cage Realty, Inc. v. Hanna, 881 S.W.2d
Brame, In re, 23 B.R. 196 (Bkrtcy.             254 (Mo.App. W.D.1994), 120
   W.D.Ky.1982), 156, 308                   Campbell Soup Co. v. Wentz, 172 F.2d
                                               80 (3rd Cir.1948), 213
Breen v. Phelps, 186 Conn. 86, 439 A.2d
                                            Canadian Industrial Alcohol Co. v. Dun-
   1066 (Conn.1982), 126
                                               bar Molasses Co., 258 N.Y. 194, 179
Breitbach v. Christenson, 541 N.W.2d
                                               N.E. 383 (N.Y.1932), 258, 309
   840 (Iowa 1995), 181
                                            Cancun Adventure Tours, Inc. v. Under-
Brewer v. Horst–Lachmund Co., 127
                                               water Designer Co., 862 F.2d 1044
   Cal. 643, 60 P. 418 (Cal.1900), 119
                                               (4th Cir.1988), 143
Bridgeport–City Trust Co. v. Niles–Be-      Canyon Land Park, Inc. v. Riley, 575
   ment–Pond Co., 128 Conn. 4, 20 A.2d         F.2d 550 (5th Cir.1978), 272
   91 (Conn.1941), 337                      Cape–France Enterprises v. Estate of
Bright v. Kuehl, 650 N.E.2d 311 (Ind.          Peed, 305 Mont. 513, 29 P.3d 1011
   App.1995), 100                              (Mont.2001), 314
Brink v. Hayes Branch Drainage Dist. of     Cargill Commission Co. v. Mowery, 99
   Douglas County, 59 Ill.App.3d 828,          Kan. 389, 161 P. 634 (Kan.1916), 40
   17 Ill.Dec. 185, 376 N.E.2d 78 (Ill.     Carlisle v. T & R Excavating, Inc., 123
   App. 4 Dist.1978), 281                      Ohio App.3d 277, 704 N.E.2d 39
British Waggon Co. v. Lea & Co., 5             (Ohio App. 9 Dist.1997), 34
   Q.B.D. 149 (1880), 340                   Carma Developers (Cal.), Inc. v. Mara-
Britton v. Turner, 6 N.H. 481 (N.H.            thon Development California, Inc., 6
   1834), 94                                   Cal.Rptr.2d 467, 826 P.2d 710 (Cal.
Brower v. Gateway 2000, Inc., 246              1992), 260
   A.D.2d 246, 676 N.Y.S.2d 569             Carr v. Carr, 120 N.J. 336, 576 A.2d 872
   (N.Y.A.D. 1 Dept.1998), 75, 223, 226        (N.J.1990), 100
Brown v. Brown, 524 A.2d 1184 (D.C.         Carroll v. Lee, 148 Ariz. 10, 712 P.2d
   1987), 89, 98                               923 (Ariz.1986), 26
Brown v. Sutton, 129 U.S. 238, 9 S.Ct.      Carter v. Quick, 263 Ark. 202, 563
   273, 32 L.Ed. 664 (1889), 124               S.W.2d 461 (Ark.1978), 282
348                            TABLE OF CASES

Casazza v. Kiser, 313 F.3d 414 (8th Cir.     Collins v. Morgan Stanley Dean Witter,
   2002), 124                                   224 F.3d 496 (5th Cir.2000), 329
Caspi v. Microsoft Network, L.L.C., 323      Colorado Carpet Installation, Inc. v. Pal-
   N.J.Super. 118, 732 A.2d 528                 ermo, 668 P.2d 1384 (Colo.1983), 127
   (N.J.Super.A.D.1999), 229                 Columbia Nitrogen Corp. v. Royster Co.,
Cazares v. Saenz, 208 Cal.App.3d 279,           451 F.2d 3 (4th Cir.1971), 249
   256 Cal.Rptr. 209 (Cal.App. 4 Dist.       Columbian Nat. Title Ins. Co. v. Town-
   1989), 308                                   ship Title Services, Inc., 659 F.Supp.
Cedar Point Apartments, Ltd. v. Cedar           796 (D.Kan.1987), 305, 311
   Point Inv. Corp., 693 F.2d 748 (8th       Comeau v. Mt. Carmel Medical Center,
   Cir.1982), 268                               Inc., 869 F.Supp. 858 (D.Kan.1994),
Cenex, Inc. v. Arrow Gas Service, 896           80
   F.Supp. 1574 (D.Wyo.1995), 205            Commercial Union Ins. Co. v. Liberty
Chadirjian v. Kanian, 123 A.D.2d 596,           Mut. Ins. Co., 426 Mich. 127, 393
   506 N.Y.S.2d 880 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept.           N.W.2d 161 (Mich.1986), 207
   1986), 96                                 Compass Van & Storage Corp., In re, 65
Chamberlain v. Parker, 45 N.Y. 569
                                                B.R. 1007 (Bkrtcy.E.D.N.Y.1986), 341
   (N.Y.1871), 140
                                             Complete Gen. Constr. Co. v. Ohio Dept.
Champaign Nat. Bank v. Landers Seed
                                                of Transp., 94 Ohio St.3d 54, 760
   Co., Inc., 165 Ill.App.3d 1090, 116
                                                N.E.2d 364 (Ohio 2002), 145
   Ill.Dec. 742, 519 N.E.2d 957 (Ill.App.
   4 Dist.1988), 253                         Computer Strategies, Inc. v. Commodore
Channel Master Corp. v. Aluminium               Business Machines, Inc., 105 A.D.2d
   Limited Sales, Inc., 176 N.Y.S.2d            167, 483 N.Y.S.2d 716 (N.Y.A.D. 2
   259, 151 N.E.2d 833 (N.Y.1958), 200          Dept.1984), 274
Cherwell–Ralli, Inc. v. Rytman Grain         Computrol, Inc. v. Newtrend, L.P., 203
   Co., Inc., 180 Conn. 714, 433 A.2d           F.3d 1064 (8th Cir.2000), 208
   984 (Conn.1980), 293                      Comunale v. Traders & General Ins. Co.,
Chicago Coliseum Club v. Dempsey, 265           50 Cal.2d 654, 328 P.2d 198 (Cal.
   Ill.App. 542 (Ill.App. 1 Dist.1932),         1958), 207
   165                                       Connecticut Fire Ins. Co. v. Fox, 361
Christensen v. Oshkosh Truck Corp., 12          F.2d 1 (10th Cir.1966), 274
   F.3d 980 (10th Cir.1993), 304             Constantino v. American S/T Achilles,
Chronister Oil Co. v. Elleron Chemicals         580 F.2d 121 (4th Cir.1978), 92
   Corp., 1986 WL 13445 (S.D.Tex.            Contempo Design, Inc. v. Chicago and
   1986), 268                                   N.E. Ill. Dist. Council of Carpenters,
Chrum v. Charles Heating & Cooling,             226 F.3d 535 (7th Cir.2000), 196
   Inc., 121 Mich.App. 17, 327 N.W.2d        Continental Forest Products, Inc. v.
   568 (Mich.App.1982), 176                     Chandler Supply Co., 95 Idaho 739,
City of (see name of city)                      518 P.2d 1201 (Idaho 1974), 88
City Stores Co. v. Ammerman, 266             Conway v. Larsen Jewelers, Inc., 104
   F.Supp. 766 (D.D.C 1967), 183, 184           Misc.2d 872, 429 N.Y.S.2d 378
Clark v. Marsiglia, 1 Denio 317                 (N.Y.City Civ.Ct.1980), 309
   (N.Y.Sup.1845), 144                       Cooper Power Systems, Inc. v. Union
Clark v. State St. Trust Co., 270 Mass.         Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Co.,
   140, 169 N.E. 897 (Mass.1930), 245           Inc., 123 F.3d 675 (7th Cir.1997), 199
Clark v. Wallace County Co-op. Equity        Copiers Typewriters Calculators, Inc. v.
   Exchange, 26 Kan.App.2d 463, 986             Toshiba Corp., 576 F.Supp. 312
   P.2d 391 (Kan.App.1999), 309                 (D.Md.1983), 322
Coastal Steel Erectors, Inc., United         Coplay Cement Co., Inc. v. Willis & Paul
   States ex rel. v. Algernon Blair, Inc.,      Group, 983 F.2d 1435 (7th Cir.1993),
   479 F.2d 638 (4th Cir.1973), 189             337
Cohen v. Cowles Media Co., 479 N.W.2d        Coral Bay, Inc. v. Zakaspace Corp., 1999
   387 (Minn.1992), 80, 84                      WL 446823 (N.D.Ill.1999), 293
Coker v. Coker, 650 S.W.2d 391 (Tex.         Corradi v. Soclof, 1995 WL 322311 (Ohio
   1983), 235                                   App. 8 Dist.1995), 80
Cole Taylor Bank v. Truck Ins. Ex-           Courtright v. Design Irr., Inc., 210 Mich.
   change, 51 F.3d 736 (7th Cir.1995),          App. 528, 534 N.W.2d 181 (Mich.App.
   274                                          1995), 204
Colley v. Bi–State, Inc., 21 Wash.App.       Covich v. Chambers, 8 Mass.App.Ct.
   769, 586 P.2d 908 (Wash.App. Div. 3          740, 397 N.E.2d 1115 (Mass.App.Ct.
   1978), 313                                   1979), 302
                               TABLE OF CASES                                   349
Crabtree v. Elizabeth Arden Sales Cor-      Dickens v. Equifax Services, Inc., 83
   poration, 305 N.Y. 48, 110 N.E.2d           F.3d 431 (10th Cir.1996), 81
   551 (N.Y.1953), 120                      Dickinson v. Dodds, 2 Ch.D. 463 (1876),
Crane Ice Cream Co. v. Terminal Freez-         52
   ing & Heating Co., 147 Md. 588, 128      Diskmakers, Inc. v. DeWitt Equipment
   A. 280 (Md.1925), 335, 340, 341             Corp., 555 F.2d 1177 (3rd Cir.1977),
Crisci v. Security Ins. Co. of New Haven,      292
   Conn., 66 Cal.2d 425, 58 Cal.Rptr.       Dixie Aluminum Products Co., Inc. v.
   13, 426 P.2d 173 (Cal.1967), 205, 207       Mitsubishi Intern. Corp., 785 F.Supp.
Crompton v. Beedle, 83 Vt. 287, 75 A.          157 (N.D.Ga.1992), 247
   331 (Vt.1910), 203                       DJ Mfg. Corp. v. United States, 86 F.3d
Crouch v. Gutman, 134 N.Y. 45, 31 N.E.         1130 (Fed.Cir.1996), 171
   271 (N.Y.1892), 281                      Doherty v. Doherty Ins. Agency, Inc.,
Culbreth v. Simone, 511 F.Supp. 906            878 F.2d 546 (1st Cir.1989), 118
   (E.D.Pa.1981), 239                       Dorman v. Publix–Saenger–Sparks The-
Curtice Bros. Co. v. Catts, 66 A. 935          atres, 135 Fla. 284, 184 So. 886 (Fla.
   (N.J.Ch.1907), 133                          1938), 78
                                            Dougherty v. Salt, 227 N.Y. 200, 125
                                               N.E. 94 (N.Y.1919), 17, 24, 34
                                            Dover Pool & Racquet Club, Inc. v.
                   D                           Brooking, 366 Mass. 629, 322 N.E.2d
                                               168 (Mass.1975), 297
Dato v. Mascarello, 197 Ill.App.3d 847,
                                            Drennan v. Star Paving Co., 51 Cal.2d
   145 Ill.Dec. 411, 557 N.E.2d 181 (Ill.
                                               409, 333 P.2d 757 (Cal.1958), 57
   App. 1 Dist.1989), 256                   Ducommun v. Johnson, 252 Iowa 1192,
Davidson & Jones Development Co. v.            110 N.W.2d 271 (Iowa 1961), 45
   Elmore Development Co., Inc., 921
   F.2d 1343 (6th Cir.1991), 270
Davis v. First Interstate Bank of Idaho,                       E
   N.A., 115 Idaho 169, 765 P.2d 680
   (Idaho 1988), 144                        Early Detection Center, Inc. v. Wilson,
Davis v. Jacoby, 1 Cal.2d 370, 34 P.2d          248 Kan. 869, 811 P.2d 860 (Kan.
   1026 (Cal.1934), 48                          1991), 212
Davis v. Kolb, 263 Ark. 158, 563 S.W.2d     E.B. Harper & Co., Inc. v. Nortek, Inc.,
   438 (Ark.1978), 214                          104 F.3d 913 (7th Cir.1997), 272
Davis v. Nelson–Deppe, Inc., 91 Idaho       Edson v. Poppe, 24 S.D. 466, 124 N.W.
   463, 424 P.2d 733 (Idaho 1967), 327          441 (S.D.1910), 36
Deaton v. Tennessee Coal & R. Co., 59       Edward B. Fitzpatrick, Jr. Const. Corp.
   Tenn. 650 (Tenn.1874), 118                   v. Suffolk County, 138 A.D.2d 446,
DeCecco, In re, 234 B.R. 543 (Bkrtcy.           525 N.Y.S.2d 863 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept.
   M.D.Fla.1999), 88                            1988), 329
Della Ratta, Inc. v. American Better        E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Co. v.
   Community Developers, Inc., 38 Md.           Pressman, 679 A.2d 436 (Del.
   App. 119, 380 A.2d 627 (Md.App.              Supr.1996), 135, 176
   1977), 267                               E.I. Du Pont de Nemours Powder Co. v.
De Los Santos v. Great Western Sugar            Schlottman, 218 F. 353 (2nd Cir.
   Co., 217 Neb. 282, 348 N.W.2d 842            1914), 272
   (Neb.1984), 27                           Eisenberg v. Alameda Newspapers, Inc.,
Delta Inn, Inc., State ex rel. Department       88 Cal.Rptr.2d 802 (Cal.App. 1 Dist.
   of Transp. v., 168 Or.App. 50, 3 P.3d        1999), 80
   180 (Or.App.2000), 249                   El Dorado Hotel Properties, Ltd. v. Mor-
Denton v. Utley, 350 Mich. 332, 86              tensen, 136 Ariz. 292, 665 P.2d 1014
   N.W.2d 537 (Mich.1957), 305                  (Ariz.App. Div. 2 1983), 277
Department of Transp., State ex rel. v.     Ellis v. McKinnon Broadcasting Co., 23
   Delta Inn, Inc., 168 Or.App. 50, 3           Cal.Rptr.2d 80 (Cal.App. 4 Dist.
   P.3d 180 (Or.App.2000), 249                  1993), 214
Detels v. Detels, 79 Conn.App. 467, 830     Elsinore Union Elementary School Dist.
   A.2d 381 (Conn.App.2003), 276                of Riverside County v. Kastorff, 54
Dexter Corp. v. Whittaker Corp., 926            Cal.2d 380, 6 Cal.Rptr. 1, 353 P.2d
   F.2d 617 (7th Cir.1991), 201                 713 (Cal.1960), 298
D & G Stout, Inc. v. Bacardi Imports,       Elvin Associates v. Franklin, 735
   Inc., 923 F.2d 566 (7th Cir.1991), 187       F.Supp. 1177 (S.D.N.Y.1990), 86
350                            TABLE OF CASES

Embry v. Hargadine, McKittrick Dry          Forman v. Benson, 112 Ill.App.3d 1070,
   Goods Co., 127 Mo.App. 383, 105             68 Ill.Dec. 629, 446 N.E.2d 535 (Ill.
   S.W. 777 (Mo.App.1907), 39, 40              App. 2 Dist.1983), 270
Energy Marketing Services, Inc. v. Ho-      Fox v. T–H Continental Ltd. Partner-
   mer Laughlin China Co., 186 F.R.D.          ship, 78 F.3d 409 (8th Cir.1996), 80
   369 (S.D.Ohio 1999), 49                  Franconia Associates v. United States,
Eskimo Pie Corp. v. Whitelawn Dairies,         536 U.S. 129, 122 S.Ct. 1993, 153
   Inc., 284 F.Supp. 987 (S.D.N.Y.1968),       L.Ed.2d 132 (2002), 291
   238                                      Frank’s Maintenance & Engineering,
Estate of (see name of party)                  Inc. v. C. A. Roberts Co., 86 Ill.
Evergreen Amusement Corp. v. Mil-              App.3d 980, 42 Ill.Dec. 25, 408
   stead, 206 Md. 610, 112 A.2d 901            N.E.2d 403 (Ill.App. 1 Dist.1980), 216
   (Md.1955), 149                           Freeman & Mills, Inc. v. Belcher Oil Co.,
Extrusion Painting, Inc. v. Awnings Un-        44 Cal.Rptr.2d 420, 900 P.2d 669
   limited, Inc., 37 F.Supp.2d 985             (Cal.1995), 208
   (E.D.Mich.1999), 288                     Fusco v. Johns–Manville Products Corp.,
                                               643 F.2d 1181 (5th Cir.1981), 203
                   F
Faimon v. Winona State University, 540                         G
   N.W.2d 879 (Minn.App.1995), 85
Fairmount Glass Works v. Crunden–           Gaglidari v. Denny’s Restaurants, Inc.,
   Martin Woodenware Co., 106 Ky.              117 Wash.2d 426, 815 P.2d 1362
   659, 51 S.W. 196 (Ky.1899), 42              (Wash.1991), 177
Family Bank of Hallandale, State v., 667    Gargano v. Diocese of Rockville Centre,
   So.2d 257 (Fla.App. 1 Dist.1995), 336       888 F.Supp. 1274 (E.D.N.Y.1995),
Farmers Nat. Bank of Bloomsburg v.             182
   Albertson, 203 Pa.Super. 205, 199        Gary–Wheaton Bank v. Burt, 104 Ill.
   A.2d 486 (Pa.Super.1964), 89                App.3d 767, 60 Ill.Dec. 518, 433
F.D.I.C. v. Deloitte & Touche, 834             N.E.2d 315 (Ill.App. 2 Dist.1982), 99
   F.Supp. 1129 (E.D.Ark.1992), 203         Gaskill v. Jeanette Enterprises, Inc., 147
Federal Exp. Corp. v. Dutschmann, 846          N.C.App. 138, 554 S.E.2d 10
   S.W.2d 282 (Tex.1993), 178                  (N.C.App.2001), 269
Ferguson v. Cotler, 382 So.2d 1315 (Fla.    Gay v. Mooney, 50 A. 596 (N.J.Sup.
   App. 5 Dist.1980), 99                       1901), 89, 129
Ferrera v. Carpionato Corp., 895 F.2d       General Motors Corp. v. New A.C. Chev-
   818 (1st Cir.1990), 118                     rolet, Inc., 263 F.3d 296 (3rd Cir.
F. Haag & Bro. v. Reichert, 142 Ky. 298,       2001), 283
   134 S.W. 191 (Ky.1911), 343              Genunzio v. Genunzio, 598 So.2d 129
Fiedler, Inc. v. Coast Finance Co., 18         (Fla.App. 2 Dist.1992), 250
   A.2d 268 (N.J.Err. & App.1941), 183      German Alliance Ins. Co. v. Home Water
First Illinois Nat. Bank v. Knapp, 246         Supply Co., 226 U.S. 220, 33 S.Ct. 32,
   Ill.App.3d 152, 185 Ill.Dec. 780, 615       57 L.Ed. 195 (1912), 323
   N.E.2d 75 (Ill.App. 2 Dist.1993), 342    Giampapa v. American Family Mut. Ins.
First Nat. Exchange Bank of Roanoke v.         Co., 64 P.3d 230 (Colo.2003), 136
   Roanoke Oil Co., 169 Va. 99, 192 S.E.    Gibb v. Citicorp Mortg., Inc., 246 Neb.
   764 (Va.1937), 38                           355, 518 N.W.2d 910 (Neb.1994), 200
First United Leasing Corp. v. Campag-       Gibson v. Cranage, 39 Mich. 49 (Mich.
   nie Nationale Air France, 1995 WL           1878), 30, 271
   560918 (N.D.Ill.1995), 252               Gillman v. Chase Manhattan Bank,
Florafax Intern., Inc. v. GTE Market           N.A., 537 N.Y.S.2d 787, 534 N.E.2d
   Resources, Inc., 933 P.2d 282 (Okla.        824 (N.Y.1988), 214
   1997), 148                               Gilman v. Pedersen, 182 Conn. 582, 438
Florida Ins. Guar. Ass’n, Inc. v. Love,        A.2d 780 (Conn.1981), 292
   732 So.2d 456 (Fla.App. 2 Dist.1999),    Gilmartin Bros., Inc. v. Kern, 916
   299                                         S.W.2d 324 (Mo.App. E.D.1995), 163
Foley v. Interactive Data Corp., 254 Cal.   Gilmer v. Interstate/Johnson Lane
   Rptr. 211, 765 P.2d 373 (Cal.1988),         Corp., 895 F.2d 195 (4th Cir.1990),
   207                                         225
Ford Motor Credit Co. v. Russell, 519       Ginett v. Computer Task Group, Inc.,
   N.W.2d 460 (Minn.App.1994), 42              962 F.2d 1085 (2nd Cir.1992), 287
                              TABLE OF CASES                                   351
Glaholm v. Hays, 133 Eng.Rep. 743          Hardesty v. Smith, 3 Ind. 39 (Ind.1851),
   (C.P.1841), 267                            20, 26
Globe Mut. Life Ins. Co. of New York v.    Hardware Center, Inc. v. Parkedge
   Wolff, 95 U.S. 326, 24 L.Ed. 387           Corp., 618 S.W.2d 689 (Mo.App. E.D.
   (1877), 274                                1981), 325
Goff–Hamel v. Obstetricians & Gynecol-     Hargrave v. Oki Nursery, Inc., 636 F.2d
   ogists, P.C., 256 Neb. 19, 588 N.W.2d      897 (2nd Cir.1980), 198, 201
   798 (Neb.1999), 85                      Harrington v. Taylor, 225 N.C. 690, 36
Gold Kist, Inc. v. Carr, 886 S.W.2d 425       S.E.2d 227 (N.C.1945), 34
   (Tex.App.-Eastland 1994), 235           Harrington–Wiard Co. v. Blomstrom
Goldstick v. ICM Realty, 788 F.2d 456         Mfg. Co., 166 Mich. 276, 131 N.W.
   (7th Cir.1986), 134                        559 (Mich.1911), 344
Golsen v. ONG Western, Inc., 756 P.2d      Harris v. Green Tree Financial Corp.,
   1209 (Okla.1988), 313                      183 F.3d 173 (3rd Cir.1999), 216
Gomez v. Chua Medical Corp., 510           Harrison v. Fred S. James, P.A., Inc.,
   N.E.2d 191 (Ind.App. 3 Dist.1987),         558 F.Supp. 438 (E.D.Pa.1983), 235,
   210                                        239, 240
Goodman v. Dicker, 169 F.2d 684, 83        Harry Rubin & Sons, Inc. v. Consolidat-
   U.S.App.D.C. 353 (D.C.Cir.1948), 185       ed Pipe Co. of America, 396 Pa. 506,
Grant v. Grant, 286 S.W. 647 (Tex.Civ.        153 A.2d 472 (Pa.1959), 127
   App.-Fort Worth 1926), 212              Hartman v. Jensen’s, Inc., 277 S.C. 501,
Grigerik v. Sharpe, 247 Conn. 293, 721        289 S.E.2d 648 (S.C.1982), 108
   A.2d 526 (Conn.1998), 329               Hayward v. Morrison, 194 Or. 335, 241
Grouse v. Group Health Plan, Inc., 306        P.2d 888 (Or.1952), 125
   N.W.2d 114 (Minn.1981), 85, 187         H.C. & J.G. Ouston v. G. Scammell &
Groves v. John Wunder Co., 205 Minn.          Nephew Ltd., 1 All E.R. 59 (C.A.
   163, 286 N.W. 235 (Minn.1939), 138         1940), 116
Grubel v. Union Mut. Life Ins. Co., 54     Health Plan of Redwoods, In re, 286
   A.D.2d 686, 387 N.Y.S.2d 442               B.R. 407 (Bkrtcy.N.D.Cal.2002), 340
   (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept.1976), 194             Heath v. Knutson, 73 Or.App. 519, 698
Guard v. P & R Enterprises, Inc., 631         P.2d 1015 (Or.App.1985), 337
   P.2d 1068 (Alaska 1981), 134
                                           Heaton v. Angier, 7 N.H. 397 (N.H.
Gumberts v. Greenberg, 124 Ind.App.
                                              1835), 343
   138, 115 N.E.2d 504 (Ind.App.1953),
                                           Heffernan v. Keith, 127 So.2d 903 (Fla.
   304
                                              App. 3 Dist.1961), 120
Gumbs v. International Harvester, Inc.,
                                           Hellbaum v. Burwell and Morford, 1
   718 F.2d 88 (3rd Cir.1983), 106
                                              Wash.App. 694, 463 P.2d 225 (Wash.
                                              App. Div. 1 1969), 82
                  H                        Hentze v. Unverfehrt, 237 Ill.App.3d
                                              606, 178 Ill.Dec. 280, 604 N.E.2d 536
Haber v. St. Paul Guardian Ins. Co., 137      (Ill.App. 5 Dist.1992), 261
  F.3d 691 (2nd Cir.1998), 39, 243         Hibbs v. K–Mart Corp., 870 F.2d 435
Hadar v. Concordia Yacht Builders, Inc.,      (8th Cir.1989), 329
  886 F.Supp. 1082 (S.D.N.Y.1995),         Hield v. Thyberg, 347 N.W.2d 503
  331                                         (Minn.1984), 242
Hadley v. Baxendale, 156 Eng.Rep. 145      Highland Inns Corp. v. American Land-
  (Ex.1854), 142, 154, 254                    mark Corp., 650 S.W.2d 667 (Mo.
Haigh v. Brooks, 113 Eng.Rep. 119 (Q.B.       App. W.D.1983), 139
  1839), 26                                Hill v. Gateway 2000, Inc., 105 F.3d
Hallmark Builders, Inc., Matter of, 64        1147 (7th Cir.1997), 75, 222, 223
  B.R. 301 (Bkrtcy.M.D.Fla.1986), 96       Hill v. Jones, 151 Ariz. 81, 725 P.2d
Hamer v. Sidway, 124 N.Y. 538, 27 N.E.        1115 (Ariz.App. Div. 1 1986), 298
  256 (N.Y.1891), 20                       Hilman v. Hilman, 2003 WL 21766254
Handicapped Children’s Educ. Bd. of           (Tenn.Ct.App.2003), 250
  Sheboygan County v. Lukaszewski,         Hirst v. St. Paul Fire & Marine Ins. Co.,
  112 Wis.2d 197, 332 N.W.2d 774              106 Idaho 792, 683 P.2d 440 (Idaho
  (Wis.1983), 148, 150                        App.1984), 134
Hanna v. Commercial Travelers’ Mut.        H.J. McGrath Co. v. Wisner, 189 Md.
  Acc. Ass’n of America, 204 A.D. 258,        260, 55 A.2d 793 (Md.1947), 170
  197 N.Y.S. 395 (N.Y.A.D. 1 Dept.         Hobco, Inc. v. Tallahassee Associates,
  1922), 273                                  807 F.2d 1529 (11th Cir.1987), 104
352                           TABLE OF CASES

Hochster v. De La Tour, 118 Eng.Rep.          Inc., 669 F.2d 1026 (5th Cir.1982),
   922 (Q.B.1853), 290                        128
Hodnick v. Fidelity Trust Co., 96 Ind.     Independent Nat. Bank v. Westmoor
   App. 342, 183 N.E. 488 (Ind.App.           Elec., Inc., 164 Ariz. 567, 795 P.2d
   1932), 208                                 210 (Ariz.App. Div. 1 1990), 336
Hoffman v. Red Owl Stores, Inc., 26        Industralease Automated & Scientific
   Wis.2d 683, 133 N.W.2d 267 (Wis.           Equipment Corp. v. R.M.E. Enter-
   1965), 86                                  prises, Inc., 58 A.D.2d 482, 396
Holbrook v. United States, 194 F.Supp.        N.Y.S.2d 427 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept.1977),
   252 (D.Or.1961), 39                        214
Holcomb v. Hoffschneider, 297 N.W.2d       Ingleside, City of v. Stewart, 554 S.W.2d
   210 (Iowa 1980), 203                       939 (Tex.Civ.App.-Corpus Christi
Holcomb v. Zinke, 365 N.W.2d 507 (N.D.        1977), 89
   1985), 202                              In re (see name of party)
Holiday Inns of America, Inc. v. Knight,   Intelus Corp. v. Barton, 7 F.Supp.2d 635
   70 Cal.2d 327, 74 Cal.Rptr. 722, 450       (D.Md.1998), 210
   P.2d 42 (Cal.1969), 275                 International Ass’n of Firefighters Local
Holman Erection Co. v. Orville E. Mad-        1596 v. City of Lawrence, 14 Kan.
   sen & Sons, Inc., 330 N.W.2d 693           App.2d 788, 798 P.2d 960 (Kan.App.
   (Minn.1983), 58                            1990), 277
Hood v. Meininger, 377 Pa. 342, 105
                                           International Paper Co. v. Suwyn, 951
   A.2d 126 (Pa.1954), 206
                                              F.Supp. 445 (S.D.N.Y.1997), 31, 196
Hoover Motor Exp. Co. v. Clements Pa-
                                           Intervisual Communications, Inc. v. Vol-
   per Co., 193 Tenn. 6, 241 S.W.2d 851
                                              kert, 975 F.Supp. 1092 (N.D.Ill.
   (Tenn.1951), 52
Hopper v. All Pet Animal Clinic, Inc.,        1997), 284
   861 P.2d 531 (Wyo.1993), 210            Irvin Water Dist. No. 6 v. Jackson Part-
Hornell Brewing Co., Inc. v. Spry, 174        nership, 109 Wash.App. 113, 34 P.3d
   Misc.2d 451, 664 N.Y.S.2d 698              840 (Wash.App. Div. 3 2001), 273
   (N.Y.Sup.1997), 293                     Isbrandtsen Co. v. Local 1291 of Inter-
Horn & Hardart Co. v. Pillsbury Co.,          national Longshoremen’s Ass’n, 204
   888 F.2d 8 (2nd Cir.1989), 120             F.2d 495 (3rd Cir.1953), 326
Hotchkiss v. National City Bank of New
   York, 200 F. 287 (S.D.N.Y.1911), 39,
   243                                                        J
Housing Authority of City of Carrollton
                                           Jackson v. Schultz, 38 Del.Ch. 332, 151
   v. Ayers, 211 Ga. 728, 88 S.E.2d 368
                                              A.2d 284 (Del.Ch.1959), 181
   (Ga.1955), 204
                                           Jackson Enterprises, Inc. v. Maguire,
Howard v. Federal Crop Ins. Corp., 540
   F.2d 695 (4th Cir.1976), 267               144 Colo. 164, 355 P.2d 540 (Colo.
Howard Const. Co. v. Jeff–Cole Quar-          1960), 298
   ries, Inc., 669 S.W.2d 221 (Mo.App.     Jacob & Youngs v. Kent, 230 N.Y. 239,
   W.D.1983), 127                             129 N.E. 889 (N.Y.1921), 269, 279
Howell v. United States, 2002 WL 70443     James Baird Co. v. Gimbel Bros., 64
   (Fed.Cl.2002), 258                         F.2d 344 (2nd Cir.1933), 59
H.R. Moch Co. v. Rensselaer Water Co.,     Jankowski v. Mazzotta, 7 Mich.App. 483,
   247 N.Y. 160, 159 N.E. 896 (N.Y.           152 N.W.2d 49 (Mich.App.1967), 177
   1928), 323, 326                         Janus v. Sproul, 250 Va. 90, 458 S.E.2d
Hunter v. Vicario, 146 A.D. 93, 130           300 (Va.1995), 120
   N.Y.S. 625 (N.Y.A.D. 1 Dept.1911),      Janvey v. Loketz, 122 A.D. 411, 106
   92                                         N.Y.S. 690 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept.1907),
Hunt Oil Co. v. F.E.R.C., 853 F.2d 1226       339
   (5th Cir.1988), 120                     Jaquith v. Hudson, 5 Mich. 123 (Mich.
Hurst v. W.J. Lake & Co., 141 Or. 306,        1858), 172
   16 P.2d 627 (Or.1932), 246              Jarboe v. Landmark Community News-
Hynansky v. Vietri, 2003 WL 21976031          papers of Indiana, Inc., 644 N.E.2d
   (Del.Ch.2003), 239                         118 (Ind.1994), 131, 134, 187
                                           Jardel Enterprises, Inc. v. Triconsul-
                                              tants, Inc., 770 P.2d 1301 (Colo.App.
                   I                          1988), 330
                                           Jaynes v. Strong–Thorne Mortuary, Inc.,
Impossible Electronic Techniques, Inc.        124 N.M. 613, 954 P.2d 45 (N.M.
  v. Wackenhut Protective Systems,            1997), 33
                               TABLE OF CASES                                  353
Jenkins v. KLT, Inc., 308 F.3d 850 (8th     Karpinski v. Ingrasci, 320 N.Y.S.2d 1,
   Cir.2002), 200                              268 N.E.2d 751 (N.Y.1971), 211
Jennings v. Lee, 105 Ariz. 167, 461 P.2d    Kasarsky v. Merit Systems Protection
   161 (Ariz.1969), 199                        Bd., 296 F.3d 1331 (Fed.Cir.2002),
J. N. A. Realty Corp. v. Cross Bay Chel-       292
   sea, Inc., 397 N.Y.S.2d 958, 366         Kearney v. J.P. King Auction Co., Inc.,
   N.E.2d 1313 (N.Y.1977), 275                 265 F.3d 27 (1st Cir.2001), 200
John v. United Advertising, Inc., 165       Kearns v. Andree, 107 Conn. 181, 139 A.
   Colo. 193, 439 P.2d 53 (Colo.1968),         695 (Conn.1928), 91
   286, 287                                 Keating v. Stadium Management Corp.,
John E. Gregory & Son, Inc. v. A. Guen-        24 Mass.App.Ct. 246, 508 N.E.2d 121
   ther & Sons Co., Inc., 147 Wis.2d           (Mass.App.Ct.1987), 244
   298, 432 N.W.2d 584 (Wis.1988), 209      Keefer v. Lombardi, 376 Pa. 367, 102
John Morrell & Co. v. Burlington North-        A.2d 695 (Pa.1954), 327
   ern, Inc., 560 F.2d 277 (7th Cir.        Keen v. James, 39 N.J.Eq. 527 (1885),
   1977), 268                                  202
John Price Associates, Inc. v. Warner       Keith v. Buchanan, 173 Cal.App.3d 13,
   Elec., Inc., 723 F.2d 755 (10th Cir.        220 Cal.Rptr. 392 (Cal.App. 2 Dist.
   1983), 300                                  1985), 102, 107
Johnson v. Bovee, 40 Colo.App. 317, 574     Kel Kim Corp. v. Central Markets, Inc.,
   P.2d 513 (Colo.App.1978), 93, 189           524 N.Y.S.2d 384, 519 N.E.2d 295
Johnson v. Davis, 480 So.2d 625 (Fla.          (N.Y.1987), 306, 313
   1985), 298                               Kenneth E. Curran, Inc. v. State, 106
Johnson v. Healy, 176 Conn. 97, 405            N.H. 558, 215 A.2d 702 (N.H.1965),
   A.2d 54 (Conn.1978), 199, 200, 298          299
Johnson v. Maki and Associates, Inc.,       Kent v. Humphries, 50 N.C.App. 580,
   289 Ill.App.3d 1023, 225 Ill.Dec. 119,      275 S.E.2d 176 (N.C.App.1981), 118
   682 N.E.2d 1196 (Ill.App. 2 Dist.        K & G Const. Co. v. Harris, 223 Md.
   1997), 33                                   305, 164 A.2d 451 (Md.1960), 264,
Johnson Farms v. McEnroe, 568 N.W.2d           285
   920 (N.D.1997), 126                      Kinesoft Development Corp. v. Softbank
Johnson Group, Inc. v. Beecham, Inc.,          Holdings Inc., 139 F.Supp.2d 869
   952 F.2d 1005 (8th Cir.1991), 96            (N.D.Ill.2001), 293
Jones v. Star Credit Corp., 59 Misc.2d      Kinkade v. Markus, 38 Or.App. 131, 589
   189, 298 N.Y.S.2d 264 (N.Y.Sup.             P.2d 1142 (Or.App.1979), 199
   1969), 214                               Kinn v. Coast Catamaran Corp., 582
Joseph Martin, Jr., Delicatessen, Inc. v.      F.Supp. 682 (E.D.Wis.1984), 240
   Schumacher, 436 N.Y.S.2d 247, 417        Kinney v. United HealthCare Services,
   N.E.2d 541 (N.Y.1981), 67, 89               Inc., 83 Cal.Rptr.2d 348 (Cal.App. 4
Joyner v. Adams, 87 N.C.App. 570, 361          Dist.1999), 216
   S.E.2d 902 (N.C.App.1987), 249, 251      Kirksey v. Kirksey, 8 Ala. 131 (Ala.
                                               1845), 77
                                            Kitchen v. Herring, 42 N.C. 190 (N.C.
                   K                           1851), 181
                                            K & K Pharmacy, Inc. v. Barta, 222
Kalisch–Jarcho, Inc. v. City of New            Neb. 215, 382 N.W.2d 363 (Neb.
   York, 461 N.Y.S.2d 746, 448 N.E.2d          1986), 269, 271
   413 (N.Y.1983), 209                      Klocek v. Gateway, Inc., 104 F.Supp.2d
Kannavos v. Annino, 356 Mass. 42, 247          1332 (D.Kan.2000), 222
   N.E.2d 708 (Mass.1969), 203              Klose v. Sequoia Union High School
Kansas City Southern Ry. Co. v. St.            Dist., 118 Cal.App.2d 636, 258 P.2d
   Louis–San Francisco Ry. Co., 509            515 (Cal.App. 1 Dist.1953), 58
   S.W.2d 457 (Mo.1974), 268                Knight v. Hamilton, 313 Ky. 858, 233
Kaplan v. Kaplan, 25 Ill.2d 181, 182           S.W.2d 969 (Ky.1950), 48
   N.E.2d 706 (Ill.1962), 192               Koch Materials Co. v. Shore Slurry Seal,
Karl Wendt Farm Equipment Co., Inc. v.         Inc., 205 F.Supp.2d 324 (D.N.J.2002),
   International Harvester Co., 931            292
   F.2d 1112 (6th Cir.1991), 311            Koedding v. Slaughter, 481 F.Supp. 1233
Karo v. San Diego Symphony Orchestra           (E.D.Mo.1979), 273
   Ass’n, 762 F.2d 819 (9th Cir.1985),      Kolkman v. Roth, 2002 WL 1429524
   330                                         (Iowa App.2002), 87
354                            TABLE OF CASES

Kona Technology Corp. v. Southern Pa-       Leslie v. Pennco, Inc., 323 Pa.Super. 23,
   cific Transp. Co., 225 F.3d 595 (5th        470 A.2d 110 (Pa.Super.1983), 244
   Cir.2000), 89                            Lester’s Home Furnishers v. Modern
Kornblut v. Chevron Oil Co., 424               Furniture Co., 1 N.J.Super. 365, 61
   N.Y.S.2d 429, 400 N.E.2d 368 (N.Y.          A.2d 743 (N.J.Super.Ch.1948), 183
   1979), 329                               Levy v. Gateway 2000, Inc., 1997 WL
Krell v. Henry, 2 K.B. 740 (C.A.1903),         823611 (N.Y.Sup.1997), 223
   314                                      Lewis v. Adams, 979 S.W.2d 831 (Tex.
Krossa v. All Alaskan Seafoods, Inc., 37       App.-Hous. (14 Dist.) 1998), 49
   P.3d 411 (Alaska 2001), 239              Lewis v. Browning, 130 Mass. 173
Kunzman v. Thorsen, 303 Or. 600, 740           (Mass.1880), 60
   P.2d 754 (Or.1987), 339                  Liautaud v. Liautaud, 221 F.3d 981 (7th
                                               Cir.2000), 96
                                            Liberty Environmental Systems, Inc. v.
                   L                           County of Westchester, 2000 WL
Laclede Gas Co. v. Amoco Oil Co., 522          1752927 (S.D.N.Y.2000), 66
   F.2d 33 (8th Cir.1975), 183              Lichtenfels v. Bridgeview Coal Co., 366
Lakota Girl Scout Council, Inc. v. Havey       Pa.Super. 304, 531 A.2d 22 (Pa.Su-
   Fund–Raising Management, Inc., 519          per.1987), 316
   F.2d 634 (8th Cir.1975), 149             Linderkamp v. Hoffman, 562 N.W.2d
L. Albert & Son v. Armstrong Rubber            734 (N.D.1997), 184
   Co., 178 F.2d 182 (2nd Cir.1949), 166    Lirtzman v. Fuqua Industries, Inc., 677
Lamkins v. International Harvester Co.,        F.2d 548 (7th Cir.1982), 97
   207 Ark. 637, 182 S.W.2d 203 (Ark.       Littleton, City of v. Employers Fire Ins.
   1944), 158                                  Co., 169 Colo. 104, 453 P.2d 810
La Mourea v. Rhude, 209 Minn. 53, 295          (Colo.1969), 312
   N.W. 304 (Minn.1940), 327                L.L. Cole & Son, Inc. v. Hickman, 282
Lancaster Glass Corp. v. Philips ECG,          Ark. 6, 665 S.W.2d 278 (Ark.1984),
   Inc., 835 F.2d 652 (6th Cir.1987), 248      205
Lancellotti v. Thomas, 341 Pa.Super. 1,     Lloyd v. Murphy, 25 Cal.2d 48, 153 P.2d
   491 A.2d 117 (Pa.Super.1985), 95            47 (Cal.1944), 315
Landmark Land Co., Inc. v. F.D.I.C., 256    Lloyd Capital Corp. v. Pat Henchar, Inc.,
   F.3d 1365 (Fed.Cir.2001), 166               589 N.Y.S.2d 396, 603 N.E.2d 246
LaSalle Nat. Bank v. Metropolitan Life         (N.Y.1992), 211
   Ins. Co., 18 F.3d 1371 (7th Cir.1994),   Local 1330, United Steel Workers of
   88                                          America v. United States Steel Corp.,
Lawless v. Temple, 254 Mass. 395, 150          631 F.2d 1264 (6th Cir.1980), 82
   N.E. 176 (Mass.1926), 116                Logan Equipment Corp. v. Simon Aeri-
Lawlis v. Thompson, 137 Wis.2d 490,            als, Inc., 736 F.Supp. 1188 (D.Mass.
   405 N.W.2d 317 (Wis.1987), 100              1990), 104
Lawrance v. Elmore Bean Warehouse,          Lovekamp, In re Estate of, 24 P.3d 894
   Inc., 108 Idaho 892, 702 P.2d 930           (Okla.Civ.App. Div. 1 2001), 34
   (Idaho App.1985), 311, 314               Lucas v. Hamm, 56 Cal.2d 583, 15 Cal.
Lawrence v. Fox, 20 N.Y. 268 (N.Y.             Rptr. 821, 364 P.2d 685 (Cal.1961),
   1859), 322, 323, 329                        326
Lawyers Title Ins. Corp. v. Dearborn        Lucy v. Zehmer, 196 Va. 493, 84 S.E.2d
   Title Corp., 118 F.3d 1157 (7th Cir.        516 (Va.1954), 37, 66
   1997), 173
                                            Luttinger v. Rosen, 164 Conn. 45, 316
Lea Tai Textile Co., Ltd. v. Manning
                                               A.2d 757 (Conn.1972), 271
   Fabrics, Inc., 411 F.Supp. 1404
   (S.D.N.Y.1975), 71
Leeber v. Deltona Corp., 546 A.2d 452
   (Me.1988), 170                                             M
Lefkowitz v. Great Minneapolis Surplus
   Store, Inc., 251 Minn. 188, 86           Macke Co. v. Pizza of Gaithersburg, Inc.,
   N.W.2d 689 (Minn.1957), 41, 44             259 Md. 479, 270 A.2d 645 (Md.
Lenawee County Bd. of Health v. Mes-          1970), 339, 341
   serly, 417 Mich. 17, 331 N.W.2d 203      Madsen’s Estate, In re, 123 Utah 327,
   (Mich.1982), 301, 302                      259 P.2d 595 (Utah 1953), 126
Leonard v. Pepsico, Inc., 88 F.Supp.2d      Mahan v. Avera St. Luke’s, 621 N.W.2d
   116 (S.D.N.Y.1999), 43                     150 (S.D.2001), 259
                               TABLE OF CASES                                   355
M. Ahern Co. v. John Bowen Co., 334         McCutcheon v. United Homes Corp., 79
   Mass. 36, 133 N.E.2d 484 (Mass.             Wash.2d 443, 486 P.2d 1093 (Wash.
   1956), 317                                  1971), 209
M.A. Mortenson Co., Inc. v. Timberline      McDonald v. Mobil Coal Producing, Inc.,
   Software Corp., 140 Wash.2d 568,            820 P.2d 986 (Wyo.1991), 243
   998 P.2d 305 (Wash.2000), 222, 223       McDonald’s Corp. v. Miller, 1994 WL
Mankap Enterprises, Inc. v. Wells Fargo        507822 (D.N.J.1994), 83
   Alarm Services, a Div. of Baker Pro-     McFadden v. Henderson, 128 Ala. 221,
   tective Services, Inc., 427 So.2d 332       29 So. 640 (Ala.1901), 268
   (Fla.App. 3 Dist.1983), 209              McGee Const. Co. v. Neshobe Develop-
Marathon Petroleum Co. v. Chronister           ment, Inc., 156 Vt. 550, 594 A.2d 415
   Oil Co., 687 F.Supp. 437 (C.D.Ill.          (Vt.1991), 144
   1988), 212                               McGhee v. Arabian American Oil Co.,
Marcovich Land Co. v. J. J. Newberry           871 F.2d 1412 (9th Cir.1989), 306
   Co., 413 N.E.2d 935 (Ind.App. 4 Dist.    McIntosh v. Murphy, 52 Haw. 29, 52
                                               Haw. 112, 469 P.2d 177 (Hawai’i
   1980), 314
                                               1970), 115, 129, 130
Margolin v. Franklin, 132 Ill.App.2d 527,
                                            McKenny v. John V. Carr & Son, Inc.,
   270 N.E.2d 140 (Ill.App. 1 Dist.1971),
                                               922 F.Supp. 967 (D.Vt.1996), 83
   248
                                            McNamee Schmetterer Euro RSCG Inc.
Marinelli v. Unisa Holdings Inc., 238
                                               v. Aegis Group PLC, 689 N.Y.S.2d
   A.D.2d 118, 655 N.Y.S.2d 495                674, 711 N.E.2d 953 (N.Y.1999), 124
   (N.Y.A.D. 1 Dept.1997), 233              McWaters v. Parker, 995 F.2d 1366 (7th
Market Street Associates Ltd. Partner-         Cir.1993), 303
   ship v. Frey, 941 F.2d 588 (7th Cir.     Medical Specialists, Inc. v. Sleweon, 652
   1991), 262                                  N.E.2d 517 (Ind.App.1995), 208
Marks v. Cowdin, 226 N.Y. 138, 123          Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith,
   N.E. 139 (N.Y.1919), 120                    Inc. v. Adcock, 176 F.R.D. 539
Marsh v. Lott, 8 Cal.App. 384, 97 P. 163       (N.D.Ill.1997), 194
   (Cal.App. 2 Dist.1908), 53               Merritt Hill Vineyards Inc. v. Windy
Marshall Const. Co., Inc. v. Forsyth, 359      Heights Vineyard, Inc., 472 N.Y.S.2d
   Pa. 8, 57 A.2d 902 (Pa.1948), 258           592, 460 N.E.2d 1077 (N.Y.1984), 264
Marshall School Dist. v. Hill, 56 Ark.      Merritt Logan, Inc., In re, 901 F.2d 349
   App. 134, 939 S.W.2d 319 (Ark.App.          (3rd Cir.1990), 149
   1997), 154                               Metowski v. Traid Corp., 28 Cal.App.3d
Martinesi v. Tidmore, 158 Ariz. 53, 760        332, 104 Cal.Rptr. 599 (Cal.App. 3
   P.2d 1102 (Ariz.App. Div. 2 1988),          Dist.1972), 106
   343                                      Metropolitan Property and Cas. Ins. Co.
Maryland Cas. Co. v. Krasnek, 174 So.2d        v. Dillard, 126 N.C.App. 795, 487
   541 (Fla.1965), 300                         S.E.2d 157 (N.C.App.1997), 300
Mason v. Fakhimi, 109 Nev. 1153, 865        Midcoast Aviation, Inc. v. General Elec.
   P.2d 333 (Nev.1993), 171                    Credit Corp., 907 F.2d 732 (7th Cir.
Massman Const. Co. v. City Council of          1990), 97
   Greenville, Miss., 147 F.2d 925 (5th     Migerobe, Inc. v. Certina USA, Inc., 924
   Cir.1945), 171                              F.2d 1330 (5th Cir.1991), 121
Matlock v. National Union Fire Ins. Co.     Miguel v. City of Laredo, 1996 WL
   of Pittsburgh, Pa., 925 F.Supp. 468         269466 (Tex.App.-San Antonio 1996),
   (E.D.Tex.1996), 303                         81
Mattei v. Hopper, 51 Cal.2d 119, 330        Mills v. Wyman, 20 Mass. 207 (Mass.
   P.2d 625 (Cal.1958), 27, 29, 270            1825), 34
Matter of (see name of party)               Mineral Park Land Co. v. Howard, 172
Maughs v. Porter, 157 Va. 415, 161 S.E.        Cal. 289, 156 P. 458 (Cal.1916), 310,
   242 (Va.1931), 16, 21                       312, 314
Mauldin v. Sheffer, 113 Ga.App. 874,        Mishara Const. Co., Inc. v. Transit–
   150 S.E.2d 150 (Ga.App.1966), 178,          Mixed Concrete Corp., 365 Mass.
   203                                         122, 310 N.E.2d 363 (Mass.1974),
McCall Co. v. Wright, 133 A.D. 62, 117         311, 312
   N.Y.S. 775 (N.Y.A.D. 1 Dept.1909),       Missouri Public Service Co. v. Peabody
   28                                          Coal Co., 583 S.W.2d 721 (Mo.App.
McCallum Highlands, Ltd. v. Washing-           W.D.1979), 320
   ton Capital Dus, Inc., 66 F.3d 89 (5th   Mitchill v. Lath, 247 N.Y. 377, 160 N.E.
   Cir.1995), 196                              646 (N.Y.1928), 232, 233
356                            TABLE OF CASES

Monarco v. Lo Greco, 35 Cal.2d 621, 220      Nebraska Seed Co. v. Harsh, 98 Neb. 89,
  P.2d 737 (Cal.1950), 129                      152 N.W. 310 (Neb.1915), 42
Monetti, S.P.A. v. Anchor Hocking            Neiss v. Ehlers, 135 Or.App. 218, 899
  Corp., 931 F.2d 1178 (7th Cir.1991),          P.2d 700 (Or.App.1995), 82, 84
  122                                        Nelson v. Brostoff, 70 Or.App. 486, 689
Monsanto Co. v. McFarling, 302 F.3d             P.2d 1056 (Or.App.1984), 128
  1291 (Fed.Cir.2002), 216                   Neri v. Retail Marine Corp., 334
Montana Public Employee’s Ass’n v. Of-          N.Y.S.2d 165, 285 N.E.2d 311 (N.Y.
  fice of Governor, 271 Mont. 450, 898          1972), 162
  P.2d 675 (Mont.1995), 34                   Nolan v. Control Data Corp., 243
Morello v. J.H. Hogan, Inc., 1 Conn.App.        N.J.Super. 420, 579 A.2d 1252
  150, 468 A.2d 1248 (Conn.App.1984),           (N.J.Super.A.D.1990), 259
  148                                        Northern Heel Corp. v. Compo Indus-
Morris v. George C. Banning, Inc., 77           tries, Inc., 851 F.2d 456 (1st Cir.
                                                1988), 264, 278
  N.E.2d 372 (Ohio App. 2 Dist.1947),
                                             Northern Indiana Public Service Co. v.
  335
                                                Carbon County Coal Co., 799 F.2d
Mortensen v. Berzell Inv. Co., 102 Ariz.        265 (7th Cir.1986), 313
  348, 429 P.2d 945 (Ariz.1967), 297         Northwest Airlines, Inc. v. Crosetti
Morton v. Park View Apartments, 315             Bros., Inc., 258 Or. 340, 483 P.2d 70
  Ark. 400, 868 S.W.2d 448 (Ark.1993),          (Or.1971), 325
  300                                        Nygard v. Minneapolis St. Ry. Co., 147
Moyer v. City of Little Falls, 134 Misc.2d      Minn. 109, 179 N.W. 642 (Minn.
  299, 510 N.Y.S.2d 813 (N.Y.Sup.               1920), 304
  1986), 310
Municipal Capital Appreciation Part-
  ners, I, L.P. v. Page, 181 F.Supp.2d                         O
  379 (S.D.N.Y.2002), 287
Murphy v. Allstate Ins. Co., 132 Cal.        O’Connell v. Walt Disney World Co., 413
  Rptr. 424, 553 P.2d 584 (Cal.1976),           So.2d 444 (Fla.App. 5 Dist.1982), 210
  207                                        Octagon Gas Systems, Inc. v. Rimmer,
Mutual Paper Co. v. Hoague–Sprague              995 F.2d 948 (10th Cir.1993), 39
  Corp., 297 Mass. 294, 8 N.E.2d 802         Offord v. Jenner’s Estate, 189 S.W.2d
  (Mass.1937), 68                               173 (Mo.App.1945), 90
M & W Farm Service Co. v. Callison, 285      Olds v. Mapes–Reeves Const. Co., 177
  N.W.2d 271 (Iowa 1979), 129                   Mass. 41, 58 N.E. 478 (Mass.1900),
Myrtle Beach Pipeline Corp. v. Emerson          147
  Elec. Co., 843 F.Supp. 1027 (D.S.C.        Oliver v. Campbell, 43 Cal.2d 298, 273
  1993), 109                                    P.2d 15 (Cal.1954), 93, 190
                                             Opelika Production Credit Ass’n, Inc. v.
                                                Lamb, 361 So.2d 95 (Ala.1978), 98
                   N                         Opera Co. of Boston, Inc. v. Wolf Trap
                                                Foundation for Performing Arts, 817
Nanakuli Paving and Rock Co. v. Shell           F.2d 1094 (4th Cir.1987), 308
  Oil Co., Inc., 664 F.2d 772 (9th Cir.      Oppenheimer & Co., Inc. v. Oppenheim,
  1981), 245, 249                               Appel, Dixon & Co., 636 N.Y.S.2d
National Dairymen Ass’n v. Dean Milk            734, 660 N.E.2d 415 (N.Y.1995), 264
                                             Oregon Bank v. Nautilus Crane &
  Co., 183 F.2d 349 (7th Cir.1950), 48
                                                Equipment Corp., 68 Or.App. 131,
National Distillers & Chemical Corp. v.
                                                683 P.2d 95 (Or.App.1984), 248
  First National Bank of Highland            Osgood v. Franklin, 1 N.Y.Ch.Ann. 275
  Park, 804 F.2d 978 (7th Cir.1986),            (1816), 221
  254                                        Owen v. CNA Insurance/Continental
Natus Corp. v. United States, 178 Ct.Cl.        Cas. Co., 167 N.J. 450, 771 A.2d 1208
  1, 371 F.2d 450 (Ct.Cl.1967), 310             (N.J.2001), 338
Nebo Const. Co. v. Southeastern Elec.        O. W. Grun Roofing & Const. Co. v.
  Const. Co., 200 F.Supp. 582 (W.D.La.          Cope, 529 S.W.2d 258 (Tex.Civ.App.-
  1961), 67                                     San Antonio 1975), 282
Nebraska Builders Products Co. v. In-
  dustrial Erectors, Inc., 239 Neb. 744,
  478 N.W.2d 257 (Neb.1992), 128                               P
Nebraska Panhandle Community Action
  Agency, Inc. v. Strange, 189 Neb. 83,      Pacific Gas & Elec. Co. v. G. W. Thomas
  200 N.W.2d 23 (Neb.1972), 271                 Drayage & Rigging Co., 69 Cal.2d 33,
                               TABLE OF CASES                                    357
   69 Cal.Rptr. 561, 442 P.2d 641 (Cal.      Powder Horn Constructors, Inc. v. City
   1968), 236                                   of Florence, 754 P.2d 356 (Colo.
Palumbo v. Ewing, 540 F.Supp. 388               1988), 298
   (D.Del.1982), 300                         Powers v. Hastings, 20 Wash.App. 837,
Papaioannou v. Britz, 285 A.D. 596, 139         582 P.2d 897 (Wash.App. Div. 1
   N.Y.S.2d 658 (N.Y.A.D. 1 Dept.1955),         1978), 128
   120                                       Price v. Mercury Supply Co., Inc., 682
Parker v. Twentieth Century–Fox Film            S.W.2d 924 (Tenn.Ct.App.1984), 118
   Corp., 89 Cal.Rptr. 737, 474 P.2d 689     Priebe & Sons v. United States, 332 U.S.
   (Cal.1970), 151, 152                         407, 68 S.Ct. 123, 92 L.Ed. 32 (1947),
Parkinson v. Caldwell, 126 Cal.App.2d           171
   548, 272 P.2d 934 (Cal.App. 1 Dist.       Pro Cardiaco Pronto Socorro Cardiologi-
   1954), 338                                   ca S.A. v. Trussell, 863 F.Supp. 135
P.C. Data Centers of Pa., Inc. v. Federal       (S.D.N.Y.1994), 338
                                             ProCD, Inc. v. Zeidenberg, 86 F.3d 1447
   Express Corp., 113 F.Supp.2d 709
                                                (7th Cir.1996), 222, 225
   (M.D.Pa.2000), 134
                                             Purcell v. Miner, 71 U.S. 513, 18 L.Ed.
Peevyhouse v. Garland Coal & Min. Co.,
                                                435 (1866), 118
   382 P.2d 109 (Okla.1962), 141
Pence v. Brown, 627 F.2d 872 (8th Cir.
   1980), 199                                                   Q
Perez–Torres, United States v., 15 F.3d
   403 (5th Cir.1994), 201                   Quagliana v. Exquisite Home Builders,
Pesaplastic, C.A. v. Cincinnati Milacron       Inc., 538 P.2d 301 (Utah 1975), 316
   Co., 750 F.2d 1516 (11th Cir.1985),       Quinn v. Straus Broadcasting Group,
   201                                         Inc., 309 F.Supp. 1208 (S.D.N.Y.
Petrzilka v. Gorscak, 199 Ill.App.3d 120,      1970), 150
   145 Ill.Dec. 363, 556 N.E.2d 1265
   (Ill.App. 2 Dist.1990), 211
Petterson v. Pattberg, 248 N.Y. 86, 161                         R
   N.E. 428 (N.Y.1928), 56
Phelan v. City and County of San Fran-       Radford v. De Froberville, 1 All Eng.
   cisco, 120 Cal. 1, 52 P. 38 (Cal.1898),      Rep. 33 (Ch.1977), 138
   192                                       Raffles v. Wichelhaus, 159 Eng.Rep. 375
Philadelphia, City of v. Tripple, 230 Pa.       (Ex.1864), 251
   480, 79 A. 703 (Pa.1911), 188             Ragnar Enterprises v. Tapley, 110 Wash.
Philadelphia Eagles Football Club, Inc.         App. 1033 (Wash.App. Div. 1 2002),
   v. City of Philadelphia, 573 Pa. 189,        286
                                             Ramsey v. Ellis, 168 Wis.2d 779, 484
   823 A.2d 108 (Pa.2003), 243
                                                N.W.2d 331 (Wis.1992), 134
Philo Smith & Co., Inc. v. USLIFE
                                             Reagan v. Bankers Trust Co., 863
   Corp., 554 F.2d 34 (2nd Cir.1977),
                                                F.Supp. 1511 (D.Utah 1994), 272
   130
                                             Recker v. Gustafson, 279 N.W.2d 744
Pierce v. Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe         (Iowa 1979), 32, 196
   Ry. Co., 65 F.3d 562 (7th Cir.1995),      R.E. Davis Chemical Corp. v. Diasonics,
   194                                          Inc., 826 F.2d 678 (7th Cir.1987), 146
Pingley v. Brunson, 272 S.C. 421, 252        Red River Commodities, Inc. v. Eidsness,
   S.E.2d 560 (S.C.1979), 182                   459 N.W.2d 805 (N.D.1990), 309
Pinto v. Allstate Ins. Co., 221 F.3d 394     Renner v. Kehl, 150 Ariz. 94, 722 P.2d
   (2nd Cir.2000), 207                          262 (Ariz.1986), 297
Plante v. Jacobs, 10 Wis.2d 567, 103         Reynolds v. Merrill, 23 Utah 2d 155, 460
   N.W.2d 296 (Wis.1960), 281                   P.2d 323 (Utah 1969), 304
Platsis v. E.F. Hutton & Co. Inc., 642       Richardson v. Taylor Land & Livestock
   F.Supp. 1277 (W.D.Mich.1986), 102            Co., 25 Wash.2d 518, 171 P.2d 703
Plaza Shoe Store, Inc. v. Hermel, Inc.,         (Wash.1946), 124
   636 S.W.2d 53 (Mo.1982), 93               Richardson, In re, 216 B.R. 206 (Bkrtcy.
Plowman v. Indian Refining Co., 20              S.D.Ohio 1997), 334
   F.Supp. 1 (E.D.Ill.1937), 16              Riesett v. W.B. Doner & Co., 293 F.3d
Pope v. Savings Bank of Puget Sound,            164 (4th Cir.2002), 191
   850 F.2d 1345 (9th Cir.1988), 26          Rigney v. New York Cent. & H.R.R. Co.,
Posner v. Seder, 184 Mass. 331, 68 N.E.         217 N.Y. 31, 111 N.E. 226 (N.Y.
   335 (Mass.1903), 92                          1916), 323
358                            TABLE OF CASES

Rite Color Chemical Co., Inc. v. Velvet          Water Dist., 236 Cal.App.2d 238, 45
   Textile Co., Inc., 105 N.C.App. 14,           Cal.Rptr. 793 (Cal.App. 2 Dist.1965),
   411 S.E.2d 645 (N.C.App.1992), 214            206
Roanoke Hospital Ass’n v. Doyle & Rus-       San Carlos Irr. and Drainage Dist. v.
   sell, Inc., 215 Va. 796, 214 S.E.2d 155       United States, 111 F.3d 1557 (Fed.
   (Va.1975), 142                                Cir.1997), 143
Robert W. Carlstrom Co., Inc. v. Ger-        Sanger v. Yellow Cab Co., Inc., 486
   man Evangelical Lutheran St. Paul’s           S.W.2d 477 (Mo.1972), 191
   Congregation of Unaltered Augsburg        Schiavi Mobile Homes, Inc. v. Gironda,
   Confession at Jordan, 662 N.W.2d              463 A.2d 722 (Me.1983), 145
   168 (Minn.App.2003), 250                  School Committee of City of Providence
Rockingham County v. Luten Bridge                v. Board of Regents for Ed., 112 R.I.
   Co., 35 F.2d 301 (4th Cir.1929), 144          288, 308 A.2d 788 (R.I.1973), 187
Rock Island Imp. Co. v. Helmerich &          Schremp v. Dubrowin, 257 Md. 623, 263
   Payne, Inc., 698 F.2d 1075 (10th Cir.         A.2d 827 (Md.1970), 120
   1983), 141                                Schroeder v. Barth, Inc., 969 F.2d 421
Rodgers v. Erickson Air–Crane Co.                (7th Cir.1992), 155
   L.L.C., 2000 WL 1211157 (Del.Su-          Schulze and Burch Biscuit Co. v. Tree
   per.2000), 239                                Top, Inc., 831 F.2d 709 (7th Cir.
Roebling v. Anderson, 257 F.2d 615, 103          1987), 247
   U.S.App.D.C. 237 (D.C.Cir.1958), 98       Schwartzreich v. Bauman–Basch, 231
Roehm v. Horst, 178 U.S. 1, 20 S.Ct.             N.Y. 196, 131 N.E. 887 (N.Y.1921),
   780, 44 L.Ed. 953 (1900), 291                 31, 196
Roger Edwards, LLC. v. Fiddes & Son,         Scott v. Pacific West Mountain Resort,
   Ltd., 245 F.Supp.2d 251 (D.Me.2003),          119 Wash.2d 484, 834 P.2d 6 (Wash.
   123                                           1992), 210
Rooster, Inc., In re, 100 B.R. 228           Seaman’s Direct Buying Service, Inc. v.
   (Bkrtcy.E.D.Pa.1989), 340                     Standard Oil Co., 206 Cal.Rptr. 354,
Rouse v. United States, 215 F.2d 872, 94         686 P.2d 1158 (Cal.1984), 208
   U.S.App.D.C. 386 (D.C.Cir.1954), 330      Seattle–First Nat. Bank v. Oregon Pac.
Roy v. Stephen Pontiac–Cadillac, Inc.,           Industries, Inc., 262 Or. 578, 500
   15 Conn.App. 101, 543 A.2d 775
                                                 P.2d 1033 (Or.1972), 337
   (Conn.App.1988), 312
                                             Seaver v. Ransom, 224 N.Y. 233, 120
Royal Bank of Canada v. Beneficial Fi-
                                                 N.E. 639 (N.Y.1918), 326
   nance Leasing Corp., 1992 WL
                                             Seavey v. Drake, 62 N.H. 393 (N.H.
   167339 (S.D.N.Y.1992), 270
                                                 1882), 78, 126, 180
Ruzicka v. Conde Nast Publications,
                                             Security Ben. Life Ins. Co. v. F.D.I.C.,
   Inc., 999 F.2d 1319 (8th Cir.1993), 84
                                                 804 F.Supp. 217 (D.Kan.1992), 344
RW Power Partners, L.P. v. Virginia
                                             Sedmak v. Charlie’s Chevrolet, Inc., 622
   Elec. and Power Co., 899 F.Supp.
                                                 S.W.2d 694 (Mo.App. E.D.1981), 125
   1490 (E.D.Va.1995), 285
                                             Seitz v. Mark–O–Lite Sign Contractors,
Ryan v. Weiner, 610 A.2d 1377 (Del.Ch.
   1992), 216                                    Inc., 210 N.J.Super. 646, 510 A.2d
Ryder v. Bank of Hickory Hills, 146              319 (N.J.Super.L.1986), 306, 308
   Ill.2d 98, 165 Ill.Dec. 650, 585 N.E.2d   Selma Sav. Bank v. Webster County
   46 (Ill.1991), 273                            Bank, 182 Ky. 604, 206 S.W. 870
Ryerss v. Presbyterian Congregation of           (Ky.1918), 116
   Blossburg, 33 Pa. 114 (Pa.1859), 78       Sessa v. Riegle, 427 F.Supp. 760
                                                 (E.D.Pa.1977), 102
                                             Sharon v. Yellow Freight System, Inc.,
                   S                             872 F.Supp. 839 (D.Kan.1994), 85
                                             Sherwood v. Walker, 66 Mich. 568, 33
Sackett v. Spindler, 248 Cal.App.2d 220,         N.W. 919 (Mich.1887), 296, 301
   56 Cal.Rptr. 435 (Cal.App. 1 Dist.        Shlensky v. Shlensky, 369 Ill. 179, 15
   1967), 284                                    N.E.2d 694 (Ill.1938), 192
Saewitz v. Epstein, 6 F.Supp.2d 151          Shuey v. United States, 92 U.S. 73, 23
   (N.D.N.Y.1998), 290                           L.Ed. 697 (1875), 52
Sally Beauty Co., Inc. v. Nexxus Prod-       Silberman v. Roethe, 64 Wis.2d 131, 218
   ucts Co., Inc., 801 F.2d 1001 (7th            N.W.2d 723 (Wis.1974), 85
   Cir.1986), 340, 342                       Silcott v. Rio Linda Chemical Co., Inc.,
San Bernardino Val. Water Development            1996 WL 303679 (Ohio App. 10 Dist.
   Co. v. San Bernardino Val. Municipal          1996), 82
                                TABLE OF CASES                                    359
Smeader v. Mason, 341 Mich. 139, 67           Stephens v. Southern Pac. Co., 109 Cal.
    N.W.2d 131 (Mich.1954), 264                  86, 41 P. 783 (Cal.1895), 208
Smith v. American General Corp., 1987         Stephens, Estate of, 122 Cal.Rptr.2d
    WL 15144 (Tenn.Ct.App.1987), 154             358, 49 P.3d 1093 (Cal.2002), 115
Smith v. Richards, 38 U.S. 26, 10 L.Ed.       Step–Saver Data Systems, Inc. v. Wyse
    42 (1839), 198                               Technology, 939 F.2d 91 (3rd Cir.
Snow’s Laundry & Dry Cleaning Co. v.             1991), 222
    Georgia Power Co., 61 Ga.App. 402, 6      Stewart v. Newbury, 220 N.Y. 379, 115
    S.E.2d 159 (Ga.App.1939), 102                N.E. 984 (N.Y.1917), 277
Southern Nat. Bank of Houston v. Cra-         Stewart v. Rudner, 349 Mich. 459, 84
    teo, Inc., 458 F.2d 688 (5th Cir.1972),      N.W.2d 816 (Mich.1957), 176
    278                                       Stone v. Freeman, 298 N.Y. 268, 82
Southgate Recreation & Park Dist. v.             N.E.2d 571 (N.Y.1948), 212
    California Assn. for Park & Recre-        Storek & Storek, Inc. v. Citicorp Real
    ation Ins., 130 Cal.Rptr.2d 728 (Cal.        Estate, Inc., 122 Cal.Rptr.2d 267
    App. 3 Dist.2003), 249                       (Cal.App. 1 Dist.2002), 260
Spang Indus., Inc., Ft. Pitt Bridge Div.      Stump Home Specialties Mfg., Inc.,
    v. Aetna Casualty & Surety Co., 512          United States v., 905 F.2d 1117 (7th
    F.2d 365 (2nd Cir.1975), 156                 Cir.1990), 31
Spanier v. TCF Bank Sav., 495 N.W.2d          Stunfence, Inc. v. Gallagher Security
    18 (Minn.App.1993), 84
                                                 (USA), Inc., 2002 WL 1838128
Sparks v. Gustafson, 750 P.2d 338 (Alas-
                                                 (N.D.Ill.2002), 211
    ka 1988), 97
                                              Sullivan v. O’Connor, 363 Mass. 579,
S. P. Dunham & Co. v. Kudra, 44
                                                 296 N.E.2d 183 (Mass.1973), 168,
    N.J.Super. 565, 131 A.2d 306
                                                 177
    (N.J.Super.A.D.1957), 192, 194, 195
                                              Summerlot v. Summerlot, 408 N.E.2d
Specht v. Netscape Communications
                                                 820 (Ind.App. 1 Dist.1980), 116
    Corp., 306 F.3d 17 (2nd Cir.2002),
                                              Swinton v. Whitinsville Sav. Bank, 311
    123, 229
                                                 Mass. 677, 42 N.E.2d 808 (Mass.
Spiegel v. Lowenstein, 162 A.D. 443, 147
                                                 1942), 202
    N.Y.S. 655 (N.Y.A.D. 3 Dept.1914),
    119
Springstead v. Nees, 125 A.D. 230, 109
    N.Y.S. 148 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept.1908),                           T
    21
Stancil v. Mergenthaler Linotype Co., a       Tandy Brands, Inc. v. Harper, 760 F.2d
    Div. of Eltra Corp., 589 F.Supp. 78          648 (5th Cir.1985), 210
    (D.Hawai’i 1984), 150                     Taylor v. Caldwell, 122 Eng.Rep. 309
Standard Box Co. v. Mutual Biscuit Co.,          (Q.B.1863), 305, 306, 307, 316
    10 Cal.App. 746, 103 P. 938 (Cal.App.     Taylor v. Lester, 12 S.W.2d 1097 (Tex.
    3 Dist.1909), 193                            Civ.App.-Austin 1928), 119
Standard Oil Co. of Cal. v. Perkins, 347      Taylor v. Palmer, 31 Cal. 240 (Cal.1866),
    F.2d 379 (9th Cir.1965), 269                 341
Star of Detroit Line, Inc. v. Comerica        Taylor Mfg., Inc., In re, 6 B.R. 370
    Bank, 1999 WL 33454888 (Mich.App.            (Bkrtcy.N.D.Ga.1980), 342
    1999), 267                                Teachers Ins. and Annuity Ass’n of
State v.            (see opposing party)         America v. Tribune Co., 670 F.Supp.
State ex rel. v.           (see opposing         491 (S.D.N.Y.1987), 65, 66
    party and relator)                        Tenzer v. Superscope, Inc., 216 Cal.Rptr.
Static Control Components, Inc. v.               130, 702 P.2d 212 (Cal.1985), 129
    Darkprint      Imaging,    Inc.,   240    Thacker v. Massman Const. Co., 247
    F.Supp.2d 465 (M.D.N.C.2002), 210            S.W.2d 623 (Mo.1952), 44
St. Clair v. B & L Paving Co., 270 Pa.Su-     The Moorcock, 14 P.D. 64 (1889), 29
    per. 277, 411 A.2d 525 (Pa.Su-            Thomas v. Metropolitan Life Ins. Co., 40
    per.1979), 198                               F.3d 505 (1st Cir.1994), 206
Stephan’s Mach. & Tool, Inc. v. D & H         Thomson Printing Machinery Co. v. B.F.
    Machinery Consultants, Inc., 65 Ohio         Goodrich Co., 714 F.2d 744 (7th Cir.
    App.2d 197, 417 N.E.2d 579 (Ohio             1983), 115
    App. 6 Dist.1979), 182                    Thorne v. White, 103 A.2d 579
Stephens v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of            (D.C.Mun.App.1954), 147
    America, 742 F.2d 1329 (11th Cir.         Thyssen, Inc. v. S.S. Fortune Star, 777
    1984), 199                                   F.2d 57 (2nd Cir.1985), 178
360                            TABLE OF CASES

Ticketmaster Corp. v. Tickets.Com, Inc.,    United States for Use of Trane Co. v.
   2000 WL 525390 (C.D.Cal.2000), 229         Bond, 322 Md. 170, 586 A.2d 734
Timko v. Useful Homes Corp., 168 A.           (Md.1991), 193
   824 (N.J.Ch.1933), 181                   United States Nursing Corp. v. Saint
T. J. Stevenson & Co., Inc. v. 81,193         Joseph Medical Center, 39 F.3d 790
   Bags of Flour, 629 F.2d 338 (5th Cir.      (7th Cir.1994), 211
   1980), 288                               United States Surgical Corp. v. Orris,
Torncello v. United States, 231 Ct.Cl.        Inc., 5 F.Supp.2d 1201 (D.Kan.1998),
   20, 681 F.2d 756 (Ct.Cl.1982), 250         222
Totem Marine Tug & Barge, Inc. v.           United Steel Workers of America, Local
   Alyeska Pipeline Service Co., 584          No. 1330 v. United States Steel
   P.2d 15 (Alaska 1978), 192, 194, 195       Corp., 492 F.Supp. 1 (N.D.Ohio
Transatlantic Financing Corp. v. United       1980), 82
   States, 363 F.2d 312, 124 U.S.App.
   D.C. 183 (D.C.Cir.1966), 306, 313
Trident Center v. Connecticut General
   Life Ins. Co., 847 F.2d 564 (9th Cir.
                                                               V
   1988), 237
                                            Valhal Corp. v. Sullivan Associates, Inc.,
Trinidad v. King, 1998 WL 823653
                                               44 F.3d 195 (3rd Cir.1995), 210
   (S.D.N.Y.1998), 252
                                            VanLente v. University of Wyoming Re-
Trinidad Bean and Elevator Co. v.
                                               search Corp., 975 P.2d 594 (Wyo.
   Frosh, 1 Neb.App. 281, 494 N.W.2d
                                               1999), 208
   347 (Neb.App.1992), 291
                                            Van Meter v. Bent Const. Co., 46 Cal.2d
Triple A Contractors, Inc. v. Rural Wa-
                                               588, 297 P.2d 644 (Cal.1956), 299
   ter Dist. No. 4, Neosho County, 226
                                            Van Wagner Advertising Corp. v. S & M
   Kan. 626, 603 P.2d 184 (Kan.1979),
                                               Enterprises, 501 N.Y.S.2d 628, 492
   299
                                               N.E.2d 756 (N.Y.1986), 184
Trippe v. Provident Fund Soc., 140 N.Y.
   23, 55 N.Y.St.Rep. 380, 35 N.E. 316      Vaskie v. West American Ins. Co., 383
   (N.Y.1893), 273                             Pa.Super. 76, 556 A.2d 436 (Pa.Su-
Trollope v. Koerner, 106 Ariz. 10, 470         per.1989), 51
   P.2d 91 (Ariz.1970), 125                 Vernon v. Findlay, 4 All E.R. 311 (K.B.
Truck Rent–A–Center, Inc. v. Puritan           1938), 116
   Farms 2nd, Inc., 393 N.Y.S.2d 365,       Verosol B.V. v. Hunter Douglas, Inc.,
   361 N.E.2d 1015 (N.Y.1977), 170             806 F.Supp. 582 (E.D.Va.1992), 322
Truman L. Flatt & Sons Co., Inc. v.         Vickers v. Wichita State University,
   Schupf, 271 Ill.App.3d 983, 208 Ill.        Wichita, 213 Kan. 614, 518 P.2d 512
   Dec. 630, 649 N.E.2d 990 (Ill.App. 4        (Kan.1974), 149
   Dist.1995), 292                          Victoria Laundry, Ltd. v. Newman In-
Turner v. Benson, 672 S.W.2d 752               dus., Ltd., 2 K.B. 528 (1949), 156
   (Tenn.1984), 163                         Vom Lehn v. Astor Art Galleries, Ltd.,
20th Century Lites, Inc. v. Goodman, 64        86 Misc.2d 1, 380 N.Y.S.2d 532
   Cal.App.2d Supp. 938, 149 P.2d 88           (N.Y.Sup.1976), 214
   (Cal.App.Super.1944), 316
Tymshare, Inc. v. Covell, 727 F.2d 1145,
   234 U.S.App.D.C. 46 (D.C.Cir.1984),                         W
   259
                                            Wagner v. Wagner, 95 Wash.2d 94, 621
                                              P.2d 1279 (Wash.1980), 273
                   U                        Wagner Excello Foods, Inc. v. Fearn In-
                                              tern., Inc., 235 Ill.App.3d 224, 176
United Calendar Mfg. Corp. v. Huang,          Ill.Dec. 258, 601 N.E.2d 956 (Ill.App.
  94 A.D.2d 176, 463 N.Y.S.2d 497             1 Dist.1992), 88
  (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept.1983), 212               Wakeham v. MacKenzie, 2 All E.R. 783
United States v.            (see oppos-       (Ch.1968), 116
  ing party)                                Waldinger Corp. v. CRS Group Engi-
United States ex rel. v.             (see     neers, Inc., Clark Dietz Div., 775
  opposing party and relator)                 F.2d 781 (7th Cir.1985), 312
United States for Use of Palmer Const.,     Walker & Co. v. Harrison, 347 Mich.
  Inc. v. Cal State Elec., Inc., 940 F.2d     630, 81 N.W.2d 352 (Mich.1957), 283,
  1260 (9th Cir.1991), 95                     285
                               TABLE OF CASES                                  361
Wallace v. Kuehner, 111 Wash.App. 809,      White v. General Motors Corp., 541
  46 P.3d 823 (Wash.App. Div. 2 2002),         F.Supp. 190 (D.Md.1982), 328
  292                                       White v. Unigard Mut. Ins. Co., 112
Wallman v. Kelley, 976 P.2d 330 (Colo.         Idaho 94, 730 P.2d 1014 (Idaho
  App.1998), 106                               1986), 205
Walser v. Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A.,       Whitehorse Marine, Inc. v. Great Lakes
  Inc., 43 F.3d 396 (8th Cir.1994), 185        Dredge & Dock Co., 751 F.Supp. 106
Walters v. Marathon Oil Co., 642 F.2d          (E.D.Va.1990), 102
  1098 (7th Cir.1981), 185                  Wickwire–Spencer Steel Corp. v. United
Warder & Lee Elevator, Inc. v. Britten,        Spring Mfg. Co., 247 Mass. 565, 142
  274 N.W.2d 339 (Iowa 1979), 130              N.E. 758 (Mass.1924), 322
Warner v. McLay, 92 Conn. 427, 103 A.
                                            Wilhite v. Mays, 140 Ga.App. 816, 232
  113 (Conn.1918), 143
                                               S.E.2d 141 (Ga.App.1976), 202
Wartzman v. Hightower Productions,
  Ltd., 53 Md.App. 656, 456 A.2d 82         William Henry Brophy College v. Tovar,
  (Md.App.1983), 165                           127 Ariz. 191, 619 P.2d 19 (Ariz.App.
Watson v. City of Salem, 934 F.Supp.           Div. 1 1980), 126
  643 (D.N.J.1995), 82                      Williams v. Kerns, 153 Ga.App. 259, 265
Watts v. Watts, 137 Wis.2d 506, 405            S.E.2d 605 (Ga.App.1980), 144
  N.W.2d 303 (Wis.1987), 100                Williams v. Walker–Thomas Furniture
Weaver v. American Oil Co., 257 Ind.           Co., 350 F.2d 445, 121 U.S.App.D.C.
  458, 276 N.E.2d 144 (Ind.1971), 217          315 (D.C.Cir.1965), 215, 217
Webb v. McGowin, 27 Ala.App. 82, 168        Willis v. International Oil and Gas
  So. 196 (Ala.App.1935), 36                   Corp., 541 So.2d 332 (La.App. 2 Cir.
Webcor Packaging Corp. v. Autozone,            1989), 91
  Inc., 158 F.3d 354 (6th Cir.1998), 127    Wilson v. Scampoli, 228 A.2d 848
Webster v. Blue Ship Tea Room, Inc.,           (D.C.App.1967), 289
  347 Mass. 421, 198 N.E.2d 309             Windows, Inc. v. Jordan Panel Systems
  (Mass.1964), 106                             Corp., 177 F.3d 114 (2nd Cir.1999),
Weiner v. McGraw–Hill, Inc., 457               309
  N.Y.S.2d 193, 443 N.E.2d 441 (N.Y.        Winston Industries, Inc. v. Stuyvesant
  1982), 30                                    Ins. Co., Inc., 55 Ala.App. 525, 317
Weintraub v. Krobatsch, 64 N.J. 445,           So.2d 493 (Ala.Civ.App.1975), 103
  317 A.2d 68 (N.J.1974), 202               Winternitz v. Summit Hills Joint Ven-
Weiper v. W.A. Hill & Assoc., 104 Ohio         ture, 73 Md.App. 16, 532 A.2d 1089
  App.3d 250, 661 N.E.2d 796 (Ohio             (Md.App.1987), 125
  App. 1 Dist.1995), 82                     Wise v. Midtown Motors, 231 Minn. 46,
Wells, Waters & Gases, Inc. v. Air Prod-       42 N.W.2d 404 (Minn.1950), 194
  ucts & Chemicals, Inc., 19 F.3d 157       Wise v. United States, 249 U.S. 361, 39
  (4th Cir.1994), 121                          S.Ct. 303, 63 L.Ed. 647 (1919), 172
West Coast Cambridge, Inc. v. Rice, 262     Wolf v. Anderson, 334 N.W.2d 212 (N.D.
  Ga.App. 106, 584 S.E.2d 696 (Ga.             1983), 180
  App.2003), 342                            Wollums v. Horsley, 93 Ky. 582, 20 S.W.
Westendorf v. Gateway 2000, Inc., 763          781 (Ky.1892), 184
  A.2d 92 (Del.Supr.2000), 223              Wood v. Boynton, 64 Wis. 265, 25 N.W.
Western Coach Corp. v. Roscoe, 133             42 (Wis.1885), 295, 299
  Ariz. 147, 650 P.2d 449 (Ariz.1982),      Wood v. Lucy, Lady Duff–Gordon, 222
  99                                           N.Y. 88, 118 N.E. 214 (N.Y.1917), 28,
Westfed Holdings, Inc. v. United States,
                                               67
  2003 WL 1398439 (Fed.Cl.2003), 166
Westlands Water Dist., United States v.,
  134 F.Supp.2d 1111 (E.D.Cal.2001),
  255                                                         Y
Wheeler v. White, 398 S.W.2d 93 (Tex.
  1965), 80, 86                             Yerkovich v. AAA, 461 Mich. 732, 610
White v. Benkowski, 37 Wis.2d 285, 155         N.W.2d 542 (Mich.2000), 33
  N.W.2d 74 (Wis.1967), 175                 Yorke v. Taylor, 332 Mass. 368, 124
White v. Berrenda Mesa Water Dist., 7          N.E.2d 912 (Mass.1955), 203
  Cal.App.3d 894, 87 Cal.Rptr. 338          Youell v. Grimes, 217 F.Supp.2d 1167
  (Cal.App. 5 Dist.1970), 299                  (D.Kan.2002), 283
White v. Corlies, 46 N.Y. 467 (N.Y.1871),   Young v. City of Chicopee, 186 Mass.
  48                                           518, 72 N.E. 63 (Mass.1904), 316
362                          TABLE OF CASES

                                          Zell v. American Seating Co., 138 F.2d
                  Z                          641 (2nd Cir.1943), 243
Zara Contracting Co., United States v.,   Zirnhelt v. Ransom County, 137 N.W.2d
   146 F.2d 606 (2nd Cir.1944), 188          785 (N.D.1965), 91
Zeilinger v. SOHIO Alaska Petroleum       Zosky v. Boyer, 856 F.2d 554 (3rd Cir.
   Co., 823 P.2d 653 (Alaska 1992), 194      1988), 226

				
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