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									Table D6.1. Teachers' salaries (2000)
Annual statutory teachers' salaries in public institutions at starting salary, after 15 years of experience and at the top of the salary scale, by level of education, in equivalent US dollars converted using PPP s


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ratio of salary after 15 years of                            Salary per hour of net contact (teaching) Ratio of salary
                                                  Primary education                                               Lower secondary education                               Upper secondary education, general programmes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             experience to starting salary                                   time after 15 years of experience      per teaching
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Years from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    hour of upper
                                                                                                                                  Ratio of                                                                                                                                             starting to top
                                          Salary after                 Ratio of salary            Salary after                                              Salary after                                                Ratio of salary                                Upper                                                              Upper    secondary and
                                                                                                                                salary after                                                                                                                                           salary (lower
                              Starting    15 years of Salary at top of after 15 years  Starting   15 years of Salary at top of                   Starting   15 years of Salary at top of                                after 15 years                   Lower       secondary                                              Lower       secondary      primary
                                                                                                                                15 years of                                                                                                Primary                                       secondary         Primary
                          salary/minimum experience/m scale/minimum of experience salary/minimum experience/m scale/minimum                  salary/minimum experience/ scale/minimum                                   of experience                  secondary     education,                                           secondary     education, teachers (after
                                                                                                                               experience to                                                                                              education                                      education)       education
                               training    inimum         training      to GDP per     training    inimum         training                        training   minimum        training                                     to GDP per                     education     general                                              education     general     15 years of
                                                                                                                                 GDP per                                                                                                                                                                                                             experience)
                                            training                       capita                   training                                                  training                                                      capita                                  programmes                                                         programmes
                                                                                                                                   capita
Australia                           26887          38297             38300              1.43            26946           38312             38314             1.43            26946         38312             38314                 1.43         1.42         1.42                1.42                8             43             47             48            1.10
Austria                             21953          26570             44461              1.03            22574           27691             47055             1.07            24192         30584             53808                 1.19         1.21         1.23                1.26               34             39             42             49            1.27
Belgium (Fl.)                       24122          32318             38328              1.22            24336           34079             41547             1.28            30194         43580             52383                 1.64         1.34         1.40                1.44               27             39             48             65            1.67
Belgium (Fr.)                       22983          31282             37459              1.18            23466           33173             40666             1.25            29275         42707             51540                 1.61         1.36         1.41                1.46               27             39             46             64            1.64
Czech Republic                       7043           9339             12524              0.65              7043           9339             12524             0.65             8570         11381             15221                 0.80         1.33         1.33                1.33               32             14             14             18            1.28
Denmark                             29116          32883             32883              1.16            29116           32883             32883             1.16            28825         38279             40931                 1.35         1.13         1.13                1.33                8             51             51             68            1.33
England                             22428          35487             35487              1.48            22428           35487             35487             1.48            22428         35487             35487                 1.48         1.58          1.58               1.58                8              m              m              m               m
Finland                             18489          25183             26140              1.03            20720           28690             30124             1.18            21517         30124             31878                 1.23         1.36         1.38                1.40               20             38             50             57            1.49
France                              20199          27172             40091              1.17            22358           29331             42357             1.26            22358         29331             42357                 1.26         1.35         1.31                1.31               34             30             46             48            1.60
Germany                             31213          37905             41021              1.52            34891           40561             46180             1.63            37394         43881             52004                 1.76         1.21         1.16                1.17               28             48             55             64            1.31
Greece                              20065          24336             29358              1.50            20387           24658             29680             1.52            20387         24658             29680                 1.52         1.21         1.21                1.21               33             31             39             39            1.26
Hungary                              6086           8659             11805              0.71              6086           8659             11805             0.71             7375         10896             14562                 0.89         1.42         1.42                1.48               40             11             16             20            1.76
Iceland                             20222          22202             25738              0.80            20222           22202             25738             0.80            21071         26162             31394                 0.95         1.10         1.10                1.24               18             35             35             56            1.60
Ireland                             22063          35760             40365              1.24            23163           36145             40750             1.25            23163         36145             40750                 1.25         1.62         1.56                1.56               22             39             49             49            1.26
Italy                               20927          25115             30306              1.03            22657           27507             33510             1.13            22657         28329             35138                 1.16         1.20         1.21                1.25               35             34             45             46            1.38
Japan                               22670          42820             54663              1.62            22670           42820             54663             1.62            22670         42845             56307                 1.62         1.89         1.89                1.89               31             67             77             90            1.33
Korea                               26300          43952             69818              2.49            26148           43800             69666             2.48            26148         43800             69666                 2.48         1.67         1.68                1.68               37             53             77             80            1.52
Mexico                              11235          14824             24536              1.62            14383           18760             30859             2.05                 m             m                  m                  m         1.32          1.30                 m                14             19             16              m               m
Netherlands                         27411          32686             39563              1.18            28443           34985             43466             1.26            28713         48840             57907                 1.77         1.19         1.23                1.70               22             35             40             56            1.60
New Zealand                         17354          33653             33653              1.70            17354           33653             33653             1.70            17354         33653             33653                 1.70         1.94         1.94                1.94               10             34             35             35            1.04
Norway                              23752          26831             29051              0.92            23752           26831             29051             0.92            23752         26831             29051                 0.92         1.13         1.13                1.13               28             38             42             53            1.41
Portugal                            17914          26607             49492              1.52            17914           26607             49492             1.52            17914         26607             49492                 1.52         1.49         1.49                1.49               26             33             45             52            1.58
Scotland                            20931          34798             34798              1.45            20931           34798             34798             1.45            20931         34798             34798                 1.45         1.66         1.66                1.66               11             37             39             39            1.06
Spain                               25029          29261             37238              1.52            27046           31616             39804             1.65            29081         33985             42521                 1.77         1.17         1.17                1.17               42             33             56             62            1.87
Sweden                              19893          25553                  m             1.05            19893           25553                  m            1.05            21663         27241                   m               1.12         1.28         1.28                1.26                 a                a            a             a               a
Switzerland                         34808          45728             54308              1.53            41048           54763             63534             1.83            49123         65041             73946                 2.18         1.31         1.33                1.32               23             52             64             96            1.87
Turkey                              12410          14094             15760              2.06                  a               a                 a               a           11354         13038             14704                 1.91         1.14             a               1.15                 a            22               a            26            1.17
United States                       27631          40072             48782              1.12            27643           40072             47908             1.12            27751         40181             48037                 1.12         1.45         1.45                1.45               m              35             36             36            1.02
Country mean                        21469          29407             36145              1.32            22727           31221             38674             1.35            23808         33582             41366                 1.45         1.37         1.39                1.42               25             37             44             53            1.42
Non-OECD countries
Argentina                             9027          12545             14897             1.00             14623           21188            25742             1.69             14623         21188             25742                 1.69         1.35         1.41               1.41            21-24                 2            2             3            1.71
Brazil                                7420          10176             11309             1.48             14820           16240            18723             2.36             15500         16121             19776                 2.35         1.37         1.10               1.04               25              m              m              m               m
Chile                                10716          12038             16122             1.39             10716           12038            16122             1.39             10716         12582             16883                 1.45         1.09         1.09               1.12               30              14             14            15            1.04
China                                 2835           2952              3595             0.88              2835            2952              3595            0.88              2835          2952              3595                 0.88         1.04         1.04               1.04                m              m              m              m               m
Egypt                                 2269           5065                 m             1.58              2269            5065                 m            1.58              2269          5065                  m                1.58         2.11         2.11               2.11                m                 3            3             3            1.00
India 1                              10678          15236             16375             7.22             12992           19373            21074             9.18             15798         23205             24914               11.00          1.42         1.48               1.46               20              16             19            22            1.37
Indonesia                             1357           2148              4093             0.77              1357            2148              4093            0.77              1412          2586              4093                 0.93         1.81         1.81               2.09               32                 2            4             4            2.20
Jamaica                               8332           9927              9927             2.82              8332            9927              9927            2.82              8332          9927              9927                 2.82         2.53         2.53               2.53               12              10             14            15            1.47
Jordan                                7838          10200             26475             2.66              7838           10200            26475             2.66              7838         10200             26475                 2.66         1.30         1.30               1.30               43              13             13            15            1.17
Malaysia                              6158          10225             14623             1.33             11784           18632            25775             2.43             11784         18632             25775                 2.43         1.67         1.59               1.59               22              13             24            24            1.79
Paraguay                              8874           8874              8874             2.00             13911           13911            13911             3.13             13911         13911             13911                 3.13         1.15         1.15               1.15                 a             12             17            15            1.25
Peru2                                 5523           5523              5523             1.19              5462            5462              5462            1.18              5462          5462              5462                 1.18         1.00         1.00               1.00       at least 20                8           10            10            1.19
Philippines                          10409          11491             12374             3.10             10409           11491            12374             3.10             10409         11491             12374                 3.10         1.09         1.09               1.09               22              10             10            12            1.20
Russian Federation                    3735           3735              3735             0.54              3735            3735              3735            0.54              3735          3735              3735                 0.54         1.00         1.00               1.00                m              m              m              m               m
Thailand                              5756          14145             26977             2.42              5756           14145            26977             2.42              5756         14145             26977                 2.42         2.46         2.46               2.46               37              19             22            22            1.17
Tunisia3                             13186          14505             15149             2.60             16965           18549            19340             3.30             20540         22270             23177                 4.00         1.10         1.09               1.08               30              25             40            48            1.92
Uruguay4                              5749           6891              8317             0.76              5749            6891              8317            0.76              6257          7398              8824                 0.82         1.19         1.19               1.21               24                 9           14            15            1.61
Zimbabwe                             35725          50011             50011            17.42             35725           50011            50011            17.42             35725         50011             50011               17.42          1.40         1.40               1.40               21              51             53            53            1.04



1. Salaries in National Capital Territory of Delhi. Teachers' salaries vary from state to state.
2. Year of reference 1999.
3. Including additional bonuses.
4. Salaries for a position of 20 hours per week. Most teachers hold two positions.
Source: OECD. See Annex 3 for sources and methodologies (www.oecd.org/els/education/eag2002 ).
Table D6.2. Adjustments to base salary for teachers in public schools (2000)
Types of adjustments to base salary awarded to teachers in public schools, by authority responsible for making the decision regarding the adjustment

                      Holding an initial  Reaching high scores           Holding an           Successful          Management           Holding a higher than         Outstanding          Teaching courses in    Teaching students          Teaching more         Special activities   Special tasks (e.g.,      Teaching in a      Family status (e.g.,   Age (independent of   Other
                        educational        in the qualification         educational          completion of      responsibilities in      minimum level of          performance in           a particular field        with special         classes or hours       (e.g. , sports and     training student       disadvantaged,      married, number of      years of teaching
                    qualification higher       examination             qualification in       professional     addition to teaching   teacher certification or      teaching (e.g. ,       (e.g., mathematics    educational needs      than required by full-      drama clubs,       teachers, guidance     remote or high cost        children)             experience)
                     than the minimum                                multiple subjects       development      duties (e.g., serving      training obtained         based on higher             or science)       (in regular schools)    time contract (e.g.,     homework clubs,          counselling)          area (location
                   qualification required                            (e.g. , history and        activities         as a head of       during professional life          student                                                                overtime          Summer school etc.)                               allowance)
                   to enter the teaching                                mathematics)                            department or co-     (e.g., master teacher;         achievement,                                                           compensation)
                         profession                                                                           ordinator of teachers    holding an advanced           independent
                                                                                                                  in a particular      certificate rather than      assessment of
                                                                                                                   class/grade)       an ordinary certificate)   teaching skills, etc.)




OECD countries
Australia*
Austria
Belgium (Fl.)*
Belgium (Fr.)*
Czech Republic*
Denmark*
England*
Finland
France*
Germany*
Greece*
Hungary*
Iceland*
Ireland*
Italy
Japan*
Korea
Mexico*
Netherlands*
New Zealand*
Norway*
Portugal*
Scotland*
Spain
Sweden*
Switzerland
Turkey*
United States*




                   Decision for additional bonus made by the head teacher/school principal

                   Decision for additional bonus made by the local or regional authority

                   Decision for additional bonus made by the national authority
* See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/els/education/eag2002 ).
Source: OECD.

								
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