Imagery by LisaB1982

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Teacher information

Slide show

Imagine that!

This exercise is designed to reinforce the concept of imagery in literature. In addition it addresses the following strategies: MAP Testing • to identify examples of descriptive language on the “Near Proficient” level • to interpret language using imagery “Proficient” level Show-Me Standards Goal 1

•comprehend and evaluate written, visual, and oral presentations and works. Show-Me Standards Goal 2 • review and revise communications to improve accuracy and clarity • present perceptions and ideas regarding works of the arts, humanities and sciences.

Show-Me standards, Communication Arts • #2, reading and evaluating fiction, poetry and drama


It is suggested that students keep a journal for the writing prompts in each section. After time has been allotted to complete these writing prompts, the class should then discuss their ideas. Students should read directly from their journals, as this reinforces clear expression of ideas.

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•Imagery is a literary device used to create word pictures for the reader. These pictures, or images, are developed by using details appealing to the five senses: sight, sound, taste, touch, or smell. •Examples:
•The wind screeched. (The word, screeched, appeals to the sense of hearing.) •Night’s damp breath brushed my cheek. (This appeals to the sense of touch.)

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Read the following poem by William Shakespeare, entitled “Winter.” Notice his use of imagery to help his readers picture a 15th Century winter. Here is a hint to help you out. Since this poem was written several centuries ago, some of the references may not be familiar to you. Be sure to read the side notes to help you understand Shakespeare’s images

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Winter William Shakespeare When icicles hang by the wall And Dick the shepherd blows his nail* And Tom bears logs into the hall And milk comes frozen home in pail, When blood is nipp’d** and ways be foul, Then nightly sings the staring owl, Tu-whit; While greasy Joan doth keel the pot.***
*Blows on his fingernails to warm his hands.

**stung with cold

*** stir the pot to cool its contents continue

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When all around the wind doth blow And coughing drowns the parson’s saw* And birds sit brooding in the snow And Marian’s nose looks red and raw, When roasted crabs** hiss in the bowl, Then nightly sings the staring owl, Tu-whit; Tu-who, a merry note, While greasy Joan doth keel the pot.


**crab apples

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Reread the poem “Winter” by William Shakespeare. Write as many examples of imagery as you can find. Tell to what sense each of the images appeals.

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You should have included these images in your list: •“icicles hang by the wall”--sight •Dick the shepherd blows on his hands--touch •milk frozen in the pail-sight and touch •blood is nipped--touch •owl sings--sound •joan stirs the pot--sight •wind blows--touch and possibly sound •coughing--sound •birds brooding--sight •Marians nose--sight •roasted crabapples hiss--sound and smell Previous slide

Shakespeare wrote his poem, “Winter,” several centuries ago. If you were to describe winter today, your images would probably be very different. In your journal, create a description of winter in modern times, using vivid imagery to draw a picture in your reader’s mind.

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