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Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

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					Introduction to OCHA and the “Humanitarian Environment”

Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

“OCHA Mandate” Objectives
• • •
Review the mission, mandate and key activities of OCHA Discuss general models of humanitarian coordination at the global and field level and the roles of key actors Discuss the current Humanitarian Reform agenda and its implications for humanitarian information management
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

• UNRWA • UNCTAD • UNICEF • UNHCR • WFP • UNITAR • UNDP • UNEP

THE UN STRUCTURE
TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL

SECURITY COUNCIL

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
• ILO • FAO • UNESCO • WHO • WBG • IMF • WMO • IAEA

GENERAL ASSEMBLY
SECRETARIAT INTRNTNL. COURT OF JUSTICE

•ICAO •UPU •ITU •IMO •WIPO •IFAD •UNIDO

 OCHA  DPA  DPKO  HCHR/CHR

Specialised Agencies

5 PRINCIPAL ORGANS

“OCHA OCHA MandateMandate”
„responsible for the coordination of humanitarian response in natural disasters and complex emergencies through the Emergency Relief Coordinator and USG for Humanitarian Affairs‟
Ref: GA Resolution 46/182 (1991) and the Secretary General‟s Reform - 1997.

Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

Mission Statement Mission Statement
“To mobilise and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international humanitarian actors in order to:
– alleviate human suffering in natural disasters and complex emergencies; – advocate for the rights of people in need; – promote preparedness and prevention efforts to render international assistance effective, timely and appropriate; and – facilitate sustainable solutions”.
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

The “International System”
NATO IFRC
donors
media

ICRC
media

host WFP government

UNHCR

OCHA local

UNDP
intergovernmental organizations

population
media

UNICEF

Refugees IDPs, Besieged

national/local

NGOs

media

Other UN agencies

media

Red Crescent media international military NGOs

Can anyone coordinate this?
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

Discussion Statement Mission
Among your table, 1) In which areas of the “international system have you worked? 2) What were the some of the main coordination challenges?

Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

A GENERALIZED HUMANITARIAN COORDINATION MODEL

GLOBAL LEVEL - The IASC is the primary
mechanism for determining inter-agency coordination

Leadership - Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) FIELD LEVEL – IASC Country Team Leadership – Humanitarian Coordinator/
Resident Coordinator (HC/RC)

Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

Inter-Agency Standing Mission Statement Committee
• Chaired by ERC
• Full Members: UN Agencies, OCHA • Standing Invitees: Red Cross, NGO Consortia, IOM,
World Bank, OCHCR, RSG on IDPs

• Develop and Agree on system-wide policies • Advocate for common humanitarian principles • Identify gaps in mandates or capacities
www.humanitarianinfo.org/iasc
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

The Emergency Relief Coordinator
(GA Resolution 46/182, December 1991)


  

     

Is the United Nations‟ USG for humanitarian affairs, and head of OCHA. Is the advisor to the Secretary-General on humanitarian affairs. Processes requests from Member States for emergency aid. Collects and analyses early warning information and interagency needs assessments. Prepares situation reports for the international community. Mobilizes international emergency relief capacity. Negotiates access to populations in need of assistance. Chairs the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC). Manages the world-wide network of Humanitarian Coordinators. Promotes the smooth transition from relief to recovery.
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

Field Level Coordination
•
• •
Led by UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator

Field Level Coordination

IASC Country Team work together on development of common strategies and programming (CHAP, CAP). OCHA facilitates this process through the OCHA Office in the field which works for the RC/HC.
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

The Humanitarian Coordinator
The HC is appointed by the ERC/USG, in consultation with the IASC, to:

•

Coordinate the overall international humanitarian assistance strategy:

• •

set priorities for assistance lead the inter-agency consolidated appeal process

• •

Promote respect of key humanitarian principles, e.g. neutrality, impartiality, by all parties to the conflict Negotiate to obtain humanitarian access to those in need
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

Relief Coordination - the concept
UN SG

Donor Govt’s

SRSG (if required)

Policy

Ambassador

Humanitarian Coordinator
OCHA (UNDAC)

or Lead Agency

Planning and Coordination

UNHCR

WFP

UNICEF

WHO

others...

Operations and Implementation
NGOs NGOs NGOs NGOs NGOs

Relief Coordination - the reality
Sec Gen
OCHA Coordinator

Donor Govt’s

OCHA New York

UNHCR CJTF
Geneva

WFP
Rome

UNICEF
New York

Humanitarian Coordinator

UNICEF
CMOC NGOs NGOs NGOs

USAID/ DART

UNDAC
OSSOC

UNHCR
NGOs NGOs

WFP
NGOs

Ambassador

NGOs

Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

Where does OCHA fit?
• •
Primary Humanitarian Advisor to RC/HC Supports work of the IASC Country Team, humanitarian and Government partners.
• • • • • • • Negotiating humanitarian access Defining minimum standards for operations Leading/facilitating assessments Developing plans of action and monitoring the outcome. Collection, analysis and dissemination of information Consolidated Appeal Maintaining links with HQs Branches (Policy, advocacy etc)
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

THE USUAL INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM RESPONSE

response

RESPONSE RESPONSE RESPONSE RESPONSE RESPONSE RESPONSE RESPONSE

RESPONSE RESPONSE

response

BRIEF PERIOD OF INTENSE INTEREST
Humanitarian Environment

GENERAL INDIFFERENCE and the BACK TO NORMAL Introduction to OCHA

Humanitarian Reform
• • • • •
Ongoing….. Upgrading of the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) Strengthening the Humanitarian Coordinator system, Identified “gap” areas – which are to be met through “clustering” of agencies to meet sectoral needs. Is having an impact on information management, the role of the HIC and the role of the cluster and sector lead agencies Ten key recommendations to be implemented – including reference to a review of the role and function of the HIC.
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

•

Key Statement
•
To meet the information challenges posed by identification of needs, clusters and sectors should collect and manage data and information for both operational and strategic analysis and decision-making. In support of the Humanitarian Coordinator‟s functions, and recognizing that there are specific (and often) different information management needs at the strategic and operational levels, OCHA should actively promote and support cross-cluster and cross-sectoral information management and analysis, in particular at the strategic level.
Introduction to OCHA and the Humanitarian Environment

•

Summary
•
•
OCHA is NOT a UN Agency and has no operational mandate OCHA supports the work of the RC/HC, IASC Country team and operational agencies through a wide range of coordination activities, humanitarian information management among them The expanding profile of information management in humanitarian response will have implications for the work of OCHA and the HIC

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