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LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN JORDAN A MUNICIPAL PUBLIC OPINION POLL

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LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN JORDAN A MUNICIPAL PUBLIC OPINION POLL Powered By Docstoc
					LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN JORDAN: A MUNICIPAL PUBLIC OPINION POLL OF CITIZENS IN SALT, ZARQA & TAFILAH

Dr. Musa Shteiwi Jordan Center for Social Research

Contents
 Poll Objectives
 Poll Description  Poll Outcomes

2

Poll Objectives
This Poll aims to examine citizens’ opinions on the following issues concerning their municipalities:


  
  



Public opinion on the general direction of each municipality. The most important challenges facing municipalities. Attitudes toward local governance. Degree of satisfaction with the services provided by municipalities, including public services and utilities. Evaluation of the performance of the current council as compared with previous councils. The reasons behind complaints about local services. Attitudes toward women’s participation in municipal councils. The criteria that should apply to municipal council candidates.

3

Poll Description
 Sample Size: 1500 individuals; 500 from each municipality; Salt, Zarqa

and Tafilah; who are 18 years or older, randomly selected from each municipality (50% male and 50% female).
 A random cluster sample included 30 sites in Salt and Tafilah and 50

sites in Zarqa.
 The frame of 2004 census was used.  The poll was conducted on September 13-17, 2005.  The field work for this poll was conducted by Middle East Marketing and

Research Consultants.
 This poll was supported by the International Republican Institute (IRI).

4

Presentation of the Poll’s Most Important Findings

5

Are things going in the right or wrong direction
in your municipality?

Municipality
Tafilah% Zarqa% Salt%

34.2 52.4 13.2

35.4 50.8 13.6

61.4 30.2 8.2

Things are going in the right direction Things are going in the wrong direction Not Sure/Do not know (NS/DK) Refused to answer Total
6

0.2 100

0.2 100

0.2 100

The most important problem facing your municipality? (open question)

Municipality %
Tafilah
11.6 19.8 13.2 7.7 4.4 3.4 4.3

Zarqa
17.8 9.0 4.2 7.0 8.6 8.2 4.8

Salt
14.8 14.6 4.6 6.2 2.1 3.3 4.7
Garbage Collection Road paving and maintenance Municipal financial deficit/lack of resources Inefficient mayor and employees Street cleaning Public health supervision, disease control Corruption Water shortage Poor public transportation Poor street lighting Lack of health facilities Delay in issuing construction licenses

0.2
2.4 2.0 2.0 0.4

10.4
2.0 1.4 1.4 0.4

1.5
6.1 4.6 2.7 1.3

6.1
14.2 8.3

4.2
7.0 13.6

6.6
17.7 9.4

Others
No problems Do not know 7

Which of the following methods do you support for selecting a mayor and municipal councilors?
1.8 5.9
Tafilah

14.8 19.9 57.7 5.4 7.8

Zarqa

15.6 16 55.2 2.5 5.1

Salt

12.1 24.8 55.5
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70

8

Which council was more successful in performing its tasks, the previous (elected) council or the current (appointed) council?
60 50
42.6 44.8 40.5 55.4

40
30.6

30
24.2

27

20 10

16.3

16.8

0.6

0.4

0.8

0 Salt Zarqa Tafilah
9

In 2001, small municipalities were incorporated into larger ones. Were you with the incorporation or against it at the time?
40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5
0.4 18.2 17.8 19.2 15.6 32.7 30.9 29.2 27 24.6 26.1 21.3 36.8

0 Salt Zarqa

0

0.2

Tafilah
10

Are you with the incorporation now?
45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Salt Zarqa Tafilah

38.8 34.3 31.3 27 23.7 19.8 14.1 19.8 18.6 14.8 21.9 34.2

0.4

0.4

0.8

11

Why did you support the incorporation at the time?

Municipality %
Tafilah Zarqa Salt

41.1 26.3

40.9 32.0

46.9 25.3

To improve municipal services To enable municipalities to deal with problems more efficiently To increase revenue To decrease tribal conflict Other reasons No specific reason

20.6 6.4 3.6 2.1 100

18.8 4.4 3.9 0 100

18.2 2.9 2.9 3.8 100

Total

Why were you against the incorporation at the time?
Municipality %
Tafilah Zarqa Salt

70.4 12 4

70.3 9.3 8.5

66.7 7 6.4

Worsening of services Overlapping jurisdictions Increased distance between municipalities Increased taxes and penalties Unbalanced budget No change Other reasons No specific reason Total

2.7 4.4 4.4 2.2 0 100

5.9 2.5 0.8 1.7 0.8 100

7.4 4.5 3.5 2 2.5 100

To what degree are you satisfied with the following services in your municipality?
Municipality %

Tafilah
47.5 33.4

Zarqa
44.4 33.8

Salt
43.5 39
Satisfied Not Satisfied Construction licensing

48.9
21.2 47.2 50.3

47
21.4 50.2 44.6

49
20.4 54 45.1

Satisfied
Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied

Business licensing

Road paving and maintenance

52.1
47.6 64 35.7

36
62 70.4 28

60.4
39.1 63.7 35.1

Satisfied
Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied

Street cleaning

Street lighting

46.3
44

53.8
32.4

57.8
26.2

Satisfied
Not Satisfied

Health supervision of shops and factories

14

To what degree are you satisfied with the following services in your municipality?
Municipality %
Tafilah 52.6 46.6 56.2 40.5 41.1 51.6 18.9 72.5 Zarqa 40.4 58.2 48.4 45.6 54.6 38.2 44.6 49 Salt 58.8 40.8 61 35.3 55 31.7 41.3 47.7
Satisfied Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied Building and maintaining public parks

Garbage collection
Public health supervision/ Disease control Building and regulating public markets

15

Which council performed its tasks better: the current (appointed) council or the previous (elected) council?

Municipality % Tafilah 29.1 38.3 27.5 38.2 32 42.3 35.8 41.1 Zarqa 29.8 27.6 29 24.2 33.6 30.4 30.6 33.2 Salt 41 31.6 40.9 25.8 48.9 29.2 50.2 28.2
Current Council Previous Council Current Council Previous Council Current Council Previous Council Current Council Previous Council
16

Construction licensing

Business licensing

Road paving and maintenance Street cleaning

Which council performed its tasks better: the current (appointed) council or the previous (elected) council?
Municipality % Tafilah 36.2 Zarqa 37.6 Salt 51.4
Current Council Street lighting

39.9
31

28.6
34.4

24.6
49.9

Previous Council
Current Council Health supervision of shops and factories Garbage collection

39.9
33.2

25.2
32.6

24
50.8

Previous Council
Current Council

42.3
34.4 38.3

31.4
31.4 30.6

27.3
48 27.7

Previous Council
Current Council Previous Council
17

Public health supervision/ Disease control

Which council performed its tasks better: the current (appointed) council or the previous (elected) council?

Municipality % Tafilah Zarqa Salt

30.6 37 21.4 30.6

34.6 28.2 32.2 25.4

46.8 20.7 40.2 20.5

Current Council Previous Council Current Council Previous Council

Constructing and regulating public markets

Building and maintaining public parks

18

Do you have complaints about the following services in your city?
Municipality (% yes) Tafilah 24.5 Zarqa 23.6 Salt 28.9
Construction licensing

7.7
45.7 36.8

9.2
34.6 52

7.2
39.3 32.1

Business licensing
Road paving and maintenance Street cleaning

27.7
25.5 40.1

21.4
14.8 48.4

30.3
10.8 33.3

Street lighting
Health supervision of shops and factories Garbage collection
19

Do you have complaints about the following services in your city?
Municipality (% yes) Tafilah Zarqa Salt

24.5

23.6

28.9

Public health supervision/ Disease control

7.7
36.8

9.2
52

7.2
32.1

Constructing and regulating public markets
Building and maintaining public parks

20

What is your specific complaint about the following services?
Municipality % Tafilah Zarqa Salt Construction licensing

56.3
28.1 34 23.8 2.6

64.4
23.7 41.3 21.7 17.4

49.3
34.3 55.3 20.9 10.6

Higher cost
Takes a long time, too much red tape Business licensing Takes a long time, too much red tape Difficulty in obtaining a license/ Regulations too strict Wasta

21

What is your specific complaint about the following services?

Municipality % Tafilah Zarqa Salt Road paving and maintenance

73.9
66 22.5

79.8
76.9 14.6

72.1
70.5 24.2

Poor road paving and maintenance
Street cleaning Lack of cleanliness Lack of follow up and attention

10.4

7.7

4.7

No garbage bins

22

What is your specific complaint about the following services?

Municipality % Tafilah Zarqa Salt Street lighting

79.5
16.8

83.2
13.1

73.1
26.9

Inadequate lighting
Poor maintenance Garbage collection

77.8 11.1
10.6

77.7 9.5
10.7

81.6 9.1
8.6

Garbage is not collected regularly Inadequate staffing
Inadequate garbage bins/vehicles

23

What is your specific complaint about the following services?
Municipality % Tafilah Zarqa Salt Public health supervision/ Disease control

50.6

5.3

57

Inadequate use of pesticides

40.1

34.4

36

Lack of interest in the public health
Constructing and regulating public markets

68.8 28.3 98.1

67.1 21.1 93.2

40.8 54.2 95.2

Poorly organized markets Lack of markets, building new markets Building/maintaining public parks Lack of parks, building new parks
24

To what degree are you satisfied with the following services in your municipality?

Municipality %

Tafilah 75.7 18.1 81.6 18.4 84.8 15

Zarqa 82 12 51.2 48.8 84.4 15.2

Salt 82.9 11.8 75.5 24.4 84.7 15.3
Satisfied Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied

Telephone Services Water Services Electricity Services

65.9
33.6

73.6
25

53.4
54.8

Satisfied
Not Satisfied

Public Transportation

25

To what degree are you satisfied with the following services in your municipality?

Municipality %

Tafilah 55 38 77.9 10.8 83.6 16

Zarqa 68.8 30.2 74.4 12.2 86.2 11.8

Salt 52.8 41.3 69.6 17 81.7 17.2
Satisfied Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied Satisfied Not Satisfied

Sewage System Mail Services

Education Services

83.6
16

86.2
11.8

84.1
15.1

Satisfied
Not Satisfied

Health Services

26

Has a municipal council member ever contacted you (in person or by phone) about issues that are important to you or to your community?

Have you ever contacted a municipal council member (in person or by phone) about issues that are important to you or to your community?

Municipality %
Tafilah Zarqa Salt

Municipality %
Tafilah Zarqa Salt

4 94.5 1.4 100

2.8 97 0.2 100

6.9 92.4 0.8 100

Yes No Do not remember Total

24.7 75.1 0.2 100

18.2 81.6 0.2 100

24.9 74.5 0.6 100

Yes No Do not remember Total

27

Did you vote in the last municipal elections in 2003?

Municipality%
Tafilah Zarqa Salt

56.9 42.3 0.4 0.4 100

46.6 49.4 3.8 0.2 100

73.1 24.8 1.7 0.4 100

Yes

No
Do not remember Refused to Answer Total

28

Why did you not vote in the last municipal elections? Municipality %

Tafilah 22.2 22.5

Zarqa 34 14.7

Salt 18.7 9.1
Lack of interest in elections Lack of confidence in candidates Age constraints No time Outside country Military personnel Personal reasons Other reasons Refused to answer

17.6 6.9 7.3 6.5 9.2 4.2 3.7 100

11.3 9.4 13.6 8.7 5.7 1.5 1.1 100

12.9 20.4 9.8 8.3 9.1 5.4 6.1 100

Total

29

Do you intend to vote in the upcoming municipal elections?

Municipality %
Tafilah Zarqa Salt

64 27.3 8.5 0.2 100

61 30 8.6 0.4 100

68.1 24.8 7.1 100

Yes

No
Do not remember Refused to answer Total

30

Do you agree with the following forms of women’s political participation in your municipality?
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Salt Zarqa Tafilah 69.3 60.2 59.9 83.8 84.4 75.2 66.2 64.6 73.3 63.4 55.3 54.3

31

There are a number of criteria that people think are important for a candidate who wants to run for election in your municipality. How important do you think each of these criteria is?

Municipality % Tafilah 93.5 5.9 92.3 Zarqa 89.2 9.8 85.2 Salt 90.5 9.5 85.6
Important Not important Important Residing within the locality Religiosity

7.5
93.1 6.1 83.6 16.1

14.2
93.2 5.6 85 14

14.5
92.4 7.4 86.8 13.2

Not important
Important Not important Important Not important
32

Good record in public service Holder of a university degree

There are a number of criteria that people think are important for a candidate who wants to run for election in your municipality. How important do you think each of these criteria is?

Municipality % Tafilah 98.4 0.8 43.9 52.2 55 44.6 Zarqa 97 2.4 47.6 48.4 49.4 49.8 Salt 98.5 1.5 41.4 54.7 56.1 43.9
Important Not important Important Not important Important Not important
33

Gives priority to public rather than personal interest Political affiliation

To be a male

There are a number of criteria that people think are important for a candidate who wants to run for election in your municipality. How important do you think each of these criteria is?

Municipality % Tafilah 60.3 39.3 98.3 1.4 31.7 67.3 Zarqa 52.2 46.8 97.4 2 29.8 69.4 Salt 66.1 33.4 98.5 1.3 37.4 62.3
Important Not important Important Not important Important Not important A member of your family or tribe
34

To be young

Good reputation


				
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