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									                                                                                                               EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                                           Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




                                               This is the working group   These are the recommendations from in the final declaration based on the outcomes of the three working
                                               of the second forum that    groups.
                                               should take over the
                                               recommendation ton
                                               ensure follow-up

 #              WORKING GROUP/TOPIC            SECOND FORUM                                                       RECOMMENDATION                                                                Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                 WORKING
                                                  GROUP

 1   General                                   Follow-up meeting The EU and Africa should cooperate multilaterally on peace and                                                     The WTO DDA Negotiations were informally restarted in November 2006, since February
                                                                 development including:                                                                                             2007 full-scale negotiations are back in place.
                                                                 - United Nations development, food and health activities
                                                                 - Restarting the WTO Doha Development Agenda Negotiations
 2   General                                   Follow-up meeting The EU and the African Union should hold regular high level political                                              Germany organized as Council Presidency of the EU an informal ACP-EU Dialogue on the Economic
                                                                 dialogue to address trade and development challenges                                                               Partnership Agreements (EPA) at ministerial level to discuss trade and development issues of the
                                                                                                                                                                                    ongoing negotiations (Petersberg, March 2007)
                                                                                                                                                                                    Ref. 303:
                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Following the adoption of an EU Strategy for Africa in December 2005, the European Council on
                                                                                                                                                                                    11 December 2006 endorsed as priority action for 2007 work towards a Joint EU Africa Strategy to
                                                                                                                                                                                    be adopted by the EU-Africa Summit planned in Lisbon in December this year. EU-Africa Ministerial
                                                                                                                                                                                    troika meetings of December 2005 in Bamako, May and October 2006 in Vienna and Brazzaville
                                                                                                                                                                                    have agreed and confirmed for the two sides the decision to draw up a Joint EU-Africa Strategy
                                                                                                                                                                                    (Joint Strategy) which will be the foundation for a long term strategic partnership between the EU and
                                                                                                                                                                                    Africa.
                                                                                                                                                                                    2. The Joint Strategy will cover a range of interrelated issues including, but not limited to, peace and
                                                                                                                                                                                    security, governance and human rights, regional integration and trade, as well as other important
                                                                                                                                                                                    development related issues.
                                                                                                                                                                                    3. An outline of the Joint Strategy has been endorsed at the EU-Africa ministerial troika meeting on
                                                                                                                                                                                    5 May 2007. On that basis the Joint Strategy will be developed through negotiations between the EU
                                                                                                                                                                                    troika and the African troika meeting at expert level in the run up to the EU-Africa Summit.
                                                                                                                                                                                     At the EU-Africa Summit, the EU envisages to formally establishing a comprehensive
                                                                                                                                                                                    Africa-EU Energy Partnership as adopted at the May GAERC. As part of this parntership, the
                                                                                                                                                                                    Council calls for, inter alia, a high-level energy meeting between Africa and Europe every
                                                                                                                                                                                    two years.
 3   General                                   Follow-up meeting The Business Forum should become an annual event to foster mutually
                                                                 beneficial trade and investment between the two regions

 4   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements   Follow-up meeting The Commission and the four EPA regions conduct an inventory of the         -
     (EPAs)/ Business Consultation                               business dialogues on EPA negotiations which exist at the national, sub
                                                                 regional and regional levels in African in order to improve the information
                                                                 flow to the private sector.


 5   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements   Trade Issues                The EU and Africa should focus on accelerating intra-African trade                                       The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs (May 2007) initiated by the German EU
     (EPAs)/ Market Access                                                 liberalisation as a first step to increasing competiveness.                                              Presidency which reiterates that EPAs should primarily build upon, foster and support ACP
                                                                                                                                                                                    regional integration process.


 6   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements   Trade Issues                As a second step, African countries should progressively liberalise to EU                                The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German Presidency which
     (EPAs)/ Market Access                                                 trade to lower input costs and strengthen manufacturing competiveness                                    akcknowledges that ACP liberalisation processes need to be progressive and be managed
                                                                                                                                                                                    carefully in a socially and financially responsible way in order to maximise the development
                                                                                                                                                                                    potential of the EPAs.

 7   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements   Trade Issues                The EU and Africa must closely examine the issue of non-tariff barriers -                                The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German Presidency which
     (EPAs)/ Market Access                                                 including standards, rules of origin - to ensure that African companies                                  recognizes the need for improved Rules of Origin in EPAs, making them simpler, more
                                                                           can export to the EU market                                                                              transparent and easier, in order to ensure that ACP States can fully benefit from preferential
                                                                                                                                                                                    market access.




                                                                                                                                           Recommendations                                                                                                                                     12/8/2010
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                                                                                              EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                          Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




 #              WORKING GROUP/TOPIC             SECOND FORUM                              RECOMMENDATION                                                   Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                  WORKING
                                                   GROUP

 8   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   African sub-regions/countries require laboratories to conduct standard           Germany continues it's support through technical cooperation by building up and
     (EPAs)/ Market Access                                     testing and certification                                                        strengthening the quality infrastructure (metrology, standardisation, testing, certification and
                                                                                                                                                acreditation) of the region


 9   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   The role of non-state actors in standards/certification must be                  Germany has been supporting multi-stakeholer-initiatives like the Common Code for the
     (EPAs)/ Market Access                                     considered.                                                                      Coffee Community and round table dialogues
10   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   A commitment to EPA rules for national treatment, non discrimination             The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German Presidency which
     (EPAs)/ Investment Promotion                              and incentives/disincentives for investment and bilateral dispute                considers that EPAs should include investments as foreseen in the Cotonou Agreement and
                                                               settlement                                                                       supports a flexible and phased approach in trade-related areas including investments.


11   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   Closer coordination of trade negotiations and development assistance in          The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German Presidency which
     (EPAs)/ Investment Promotion                              relation to the EPAs - with a particular focus on the capacity building          encourages the integration of trade-related concerns into ACP national development
                                                               needs of the SME sector                                                          strategies; confirms that development assistance will be demand-driven and support pro-poor
                                                                                                                                                development strategies which incorporate building productive capacities, trade-related
                                                                                                                                                infrastructure, and trade related adjustment; and supports the integration of social chapters in
                                                                                                                                                EPAs, esp. labour standards, decent work. As we are focusing on coherence between trade
                                                                                                                                                and development, Germany encouraged stronger Member States participation in the Regional
                                                                                                                                                Preparatory Taskforces (RPTF). These institutions play a significan role in linking the EPA
                                                                                                                                                negotiations with development support measures for the needs identified by our ACP partners.

12   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   Assurances should be given to the private sector that the private sector
     (EPAs)/ Trade Facilitation                                will not face unreasonable increased tax burdens as results of customs
                                                               reform
13   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   The EU and African sub-regions should clearly address the issue of               The EU Council adopted Conclusions on Aid for Trade and on EPAs, both initiated by the
     (EPAs)/ Trade Facilitation                                revenue sharing and avoidance of potentially lost revenue                        German Presidency, which reaffirms the EU’s commitment to strive to increase its trade-
                                                                                                                                                related assistance (TRA) as defined by the WTO/OECD database to €2 billion per year by
                                                                                                                                                2010. A substantial share of the Community's and Member States’ commitment on TRA is
                                                                                                                                                devoted to ACP countries. In this regard the Council Conclusions forsee that this commitment
                                                                                                                                                could also absorb the net fiscal impact resulting from tariff liberalisation in full complementarity
                                                                                                                                                with fiscal reforms. (see also 11)

14   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   More transparency and cooperation between customs authorities and                Germany continues it's support through technical cooperation by strengthening custums
     (EPAs)/ Trade Facilitation                                business is needed to improve governance                                         authorities in the regions.



15   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   Improve services related to "export infrastructure" such as transportation Germany continues it's support through financial and technical cooperation by strengthening
     (EPAs)/ Trade in Services                                 costs, export financing etc.                                               transport infrastructure in the region.

16   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements    Trade Issues   The EU and Africa should adapt development funding to the regional               The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German presidency which
     (EPAs)/ Development Cooperation Policies                  logic of the Economic Partnership Agreements and to ensure                       supports regional and national partners' capacity to own and lead Aid for Trade programmes,
                                                               coordination between trade negotiations and development assistance               by coordinating programming, by pursuing more streamlined delivery modes and by
                                                                                                                                                enhancing cooperation with other donors. It considers EPAs regiosn as a priority in terms of
                                                                                                                                                support to regionally owned initiatives, such as the regional funds that are being considered.
                                                                                                                                                As we are focusing on coherence between trade and development, Germany encouraged
                                                                                                                                                stronger Member States participation in the Regional Preparatory Taskforces (RPTF). These
                                                                                                                                                institutions play a significan role in linking the EPA negotiations with development support
                                                                                                                                                measures for the needs identified by our ACP partners.




                                                                                                                Recommendations                                                                                                                        12/8/2010
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                                                                                                       EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                                   Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




 #              WORKING GROUP/TOPIC                   SECOND FORUM                                 RECOMMENDATION                                                  Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                        WORKING
                                                         GROUP

17   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements          Trade Issues      The EU and Africa should promote good governance by strengthening               The EU Council adopted Conclusions on EPAs initiated by the German presidency which
     (EPAs)/ Development Cooperation Policies                           legal regimes and promoting best practices                                      stated that ACP commitments in trade in services, investments and other trade-related areas
                                                                                                                                                        contribute to regional integration and creates more predictable legal frameworks.



18   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements          Trade Issues      The EU and Africa should invest in infrastructure networks through              During the German EU Presidency, the Council at the May GAERC called for the
     (EPAs)/ Development Cooperation Policies                           development assistance and PPP                                                  establishment of an Energy Partnership with Africa including the enhancement of support for
                                                                                                                                                        the energy sector in Africa through bilateral cooperation by Member States, national and
                                                                                                                                                        regional programmes of the European Development Fund (EDF) and the EUAPI, and by
                                                                                                                                                        replenishing the ACP-EU Energy Facility.

19   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements          Trade Issues      The EU and Africa should promote training and human resource
     (EPAs)/ Development Cooperation Policies                           development in combination with concrete measures for job creation.
                                                                        This should include investment in training on professional, financial,
                                                                        health and environmental issues and the development of sound basic
                                                                        education and health policies.

20   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements          Trade Issues      The EU and Africa should promote pro-competitive policies and                   See 10
     (EPAs)/ Development Cooperation Policies                           regulations to foster an investment enabling environment.

21   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements          Trade Issues      The EU and African should develop programmes to improve                         Germany supports the improvement of the business and investment climate and economic
     (EPAs)/ Development Cooperation Policies                           competiveness, restructure and upgrade the capacities of African                governance in many African countries as well as on regional and Sub-Sahara level (portfolio
                                                                        Businesses - in particular SME's - and representative business                  2005 = 280 Mio. Euro), focus on Capacity Development for Economic Reform, Business
                                                                        organisations                                                                   Development Services, Co-financing of PRS
22   Trade - Economic Partnership Agreements          Trade Issues      The EU and Africa should give more focus to the appropriate financing of        This is part of the EU's Aid for Trade Agenda if technical assistance to SMEs is appropriately
     (EPAs)/ Development Cooperation Policies                           instruments and technical assistance to promote and to support SMEs.            prioritized by African partner countries.

23   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Follow-up meeting The EU and Africa should work together to reduce bureaucratic red tape,         Germany has decided to contribute to the Investment Climate Facility for Africa (ICF),
                                                                        adopt better regulation and create fairer, more effective and better            negociations are under way (see also 26)
                                                                        functioning judicial systems in Africa
24   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Follow-up meeting The EU and Africa should work together to ensure direct consultation of         May be addressed in the deliberations on the Governance Incentive Tranche of the 10. EDF
                                                                        the private sector on country governance profiles in the EU Governance          on June 12, 20 and July 4th and in mid-term review of the instrument.
                                                                        initiative
25   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Entrepreneurship The EU and Africa should work together to create an African business             The EU and Africa should work together to support the work of existing African business
                                                                        network to promote, disseminate and exchange best practices of                  networks to promote, disseminate and exchange best practices of governance and CSR, with
                                                                        governance and CSR and to promote a better understanding of corporate           the aim to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of such initiatives. Support should be
                                                                        responsibility initiatives in Africa among the wider public.                    provided towards a better understanding of the roles and responsibilities of business in
                                                                                                                                                        society, and how businesses should engage in multi-stakeholder collective actions towards
                                                                                                                                                        the implementation of the MDGs. Particular attention should be given to issues related to the
                                                                                                                                                        private sector and climate change, anti-corruption, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and Malaria; three
                                                                                                                                                        major threats for both the social and economical development of the African continent.




                                                                                                                        Recommendations                                                                                                                  12/8/2010
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                                                                                                         EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                                     Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




 #               WORKING GROUP/TOPIC                  SECOND FORUM                                   RECOMMENDATION                                                  Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                        WORKING
                                                         GROUP

26   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Follow-up meeting The EU and African should work together to examine ways to improve                G8 presidency: c.f. 'G8 Action Plan for Good Financial Governance in Africa', Postdam, May
                                                                        the fight against government corruption and promote and support                   19, 2007' and the Communiqué 'Fight Against Corruption' paras 88-91 GROWTH AND
                                                                        business-led partnerships with governments to reduce corruption                   RESPONSIBILITY IN THE WORLD ECONOMY, Summit Declaration of June 7, 2007.
                                                                                                                                                          Through its active involvement in the United Nations (UN), the World Bank, the G8 and the
                                                                                                                                                          OECD, the German government supports the establishment and observance of international
                                                                                                                                                          anti-corruption standards. It is particularly committed to promoting transparency in the
                                                                                                                                                          extractive industries and other corruption-prone sectors. Germany is helping development-
                                                                                                                                                          oriented partner governments to build the necessary capacities to rid government institutions
                                                                                                                                                          of corruption and make public administration transparent, effective and responsive to the
                                                                                                                                                          public's needs. Some 50 public sector reform projects projects are currently being funded
                                                                                                                                                          across the world and some specifcally desigend for the fight against corruption with African
                                                                                                                                                          partners as part of technical cooperation. These projects are aimed at promoting standards of
                                                                                                                                                          integrity, efficient human resource management and procurement and systems of public
                                                                                                                                                          finance,
                                                                                                                                                          particularly by establishing courts of audit and tax and customs administrations.
                                                                                                                                                          A vigilant civil society is a vital element in fighting corruption – in the developing countries,
                                                                                                                                                          at international level and also in Germany and Europe. Through our development cooperation,
                                                                                                                                                          we are supporting such initiatives. Since 1997, all official records of government negotiations
                                                                                                                                                          with our partner countries have contained an anti-corruption agreement. In our political
                                                                                                                                                          dialogue, we also draw on the various international and regional anti-corruption conventions
                                                                                                                                                          and transparency initiatives.
27   Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility   Entrepreneurship    The EU and Africa should work together to call on African governments           G8 presidency: c.f. respective chapter of communiqué on investment
                                                                          to develop and implement guidelines on state owned enterprises based
                                                                          on good practices - OECD guidelines.

28   Interconnectivity/ Global Competition            Interconnectivity   European Commission form an Africa task force to address the strategic,
                                                                          policy, trade and infrastructure challenges related to creating a level
                                                                          playing field with competitors from other regions. Key areas to focus on
                                                                          include: export financing, export and credit insurance and public
                                                                          procurement.

29   Interconnectivity/ Regulatory                    Interconnectivity   The European Commission should support the liberalisation and                   Germany as well as the EU Com supported the World Bank Trust Fund infoDev with 200.000
                                                                          regionalisation of infrastructure and e-communication legislation               EUR per year. infoDev recently published the "Regulator Toolkit", whish gives assistance to
                                                                          including spectrum planning and management. Best practice regulatory            Regulators in critical matters. Additionally, Germany is member of the ITU, which continues to
                                                                          projects like UEMOA/ECOWAS/WATRA/ITU should also be extended to                 support Regulation Policies in the field of ICT. An important regional infrastructure project, the
                                                                          other regions                                                                   East African Submarine Cable, is under way supported by Germany through the KfW
                                                                                                                                                          (Förderkredtit 20 million USD) and with an environmental study. Multilateral via PPIAF
                                                                                                                                                          Germany was as well part of regulation and infrastructure assignments.

30   Interconnectivity/ Regulatory                    Interconnectivity   Information on African legislation and call for tenders should be more
                                                                          widely transparent and available for European companies.

31   Interconnectivity/ SMEs - Microfinance           Interconnectivity   European Commission should work with private banks and the EIB to               Germany in the course of this year's G8 Presidency supports the "Partnership for Making
                                                                          promote microfinance systems and small business credit and guarantee            Finance Work for Africa" aimed to improve the enabling environment for financial sector
                                                                          systems for local African countries                                             development. Germany also prepares to launch a Regional MSME Fund for Africa in order to
                                                                                                                                                          provide better financing opportunities to African SMEs as well as innovative solutions for long-
                                                                                                                                                          term financing in local currencies.

32   Interconnectivity/ SMEs - Microfinance           Interconnectivity   The European Commission should facilitate telecoms clearing houses on
                                                                          the continent and work with industry to extend prepaid business models
                                                                          to other technology and infrastructure businesses.




                                                                                                                          Recommendations                                                                                                                      12/8/2010
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                                                                                                            EU-AFRICA BUSINESS FORUM
                                                                                        Follow-up of the feedback on the recommendations of the private sector




 #               WORKING GROUP/TOPIC                     SECOND FORUM                                   RECOMMENDATION                                                 Follow-up actions taken by the Commission and the Member States
                                                           WORKING
                                                            GROUP

33   Interconnectivity/ SMEs - Microfinance              Interconnectivity   The European Commission should promote a business model for
                                                                             infrastructure maintenance as a means to encourage SME development.

34   Interconnectivity/ Improving IPR                    Interconnectivity   Build capacity to improve the protection of IPR                                 no priority for development cooperation
35   Interconnectivity/ Improving IPR                    Interconnectivity   Ensure fair access to intellectual property, for example support voluntary      no priority for development cooperation
                                                                             licensing of anti-retroviral medicines for HIV-AIDS.

36   Interconnectivity/ Public Procurement-              Interconnectivity   To ensure a holistic and regional approach, the Commission could map
     Prioiritisation of infrastructures                                      political regional integration to the infrastructure development maps with
                                                                             the AUC/NEPAD Infrastructure Action Plan to encourage regional
                                                                             economic communities to take ownership

37   Interconnectivity/ Public Procurement-              Interconnectivity   The Commission should consult the EU-Africa Business Forum on the
     Prioiritisation of infrastructures                                      consortium list of lead projects (NEPAD/ADB/AU) prior to engaging in
                                                                             feasibility studies which are needed to determine cost, delivery, scale,
                                                                             delivery time and the economic impact of the projects. The forum will
                                                                             prioritize and give input on the cost to business for weak infrastructure
                                                                             and supports transparency of project coordination with other donors. To
                                                                             pre-qualify for Commission funding, companies should respect
                                                                             environment, social, financial standards within the EU acquis
                                                                             communautaire.


38   Interconnectivity/ Public Procurement-              Interconnectivity   Efforts are needed to ensure that risk is covered by local donors for the       Germany is committed to providing innovative solutions for the hedging of local currency risks
     Prioiritisation of infrastructures                                      hedging of local currencies                                                     and has currently taken part in the preparation of a new investment fund instrument (the
                                                                                                                                                             "TCX"). In a common effort of different donors and Development Finance institutions and led
                                                                                                                                                             by FMO this instrument will cover risks especially for investments in infrastructure and
                                                                                                                                                             microfinance institutions.

39   Interconnectivity/ Public Procurement-              Interconnectivity   Complementary ICT infrastructure is needed to ensure affordable and
     Prioiritisation of infrastructures                                      reliable mobile and satellite access in the short-term and terrestrial
                                                                             services in the long-term.
40   Interconnectivity/ Capacity Building & Individual   Interconnectivity   The Commission should provide more capacity building for civil servants
     Organisation                                                            working in the fields of policies and procurement; specifically
                                                                             standardisation, procurement competition, IPR, telecom, spectrum and
                                                                             infrastructure.
41   Interconnectivity/ Capacity Building & Individual   Interconnectivity   The Commission should build capacity to improve the protection of IPR
     Organisation
42   Interconnectivity/ Capacity Building & Individual   Interconnectivity   The Commission should support capacity building for SMEs, specifically
     Organisation                                                            SME knowledge and skills transfer to local SMEs.




                                                                                                                             Recommendations                                                                                                                  12/8/2010
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