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									                                                                                                                Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities



Country                                        Austria         Lithuania         Denmark            France          Latvia          Germany      Croatia         Netherlands         Belgium          Bulgaria          Czech          Estonia         Finland           Serbia             Scotland    Spain          UK

                Questions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               approached

General
Title of cadastral surveyor in native          Ingenieurkon matininkas           Praktiserende      Géomètre-       Kadastrālās Oeffentlich ovlasteni            Landmeter van The Federal                                                                                                              technical
language                                       sulent für                        landinspektør      expert          uzmērīšanas bestellter  inzenjer             het Kadaster  Public Service                                                                                                           engineer of
                                               Vermessung                                                            veicējs    Vermessung geodezije                           Finance:                                                                                                                 topographica
                                               swesen -                                                                         singenieur                                                                                                                                                              l works
                                               Chartered                                                                                                                             The General
                                               Engineering                                                                                                                           Administration
                                               Consultant                                                                                                                            of the
                                               (private                                                                                                                              Patrimonial
                                               practice)                                                                                                                             Documentation



Operate as individual or within juridical      individuals     juridical         Individual         both            Both          individual     both            juridical           juridical        both              individuals    both            juridical         juridical          juridical   juridical      individuals
person?                                                                                                             companies
                                                                                                                    and certified
                                                                                                                    chartered
                                                                                                                    surveyors


Coordinating organisation for the work of      4 regional      Association       Association:       There is no     Latvian      association:    The             Cadastre,           The General    Chamber             NMCA           NMCA            NMCA              Association        NA          Cadaster       RICS
cadastral surveyors                            chambers        of                Den danske         coordination    Association BDVI             Croatian        Land Registry       Administration
                                                               Surveyors,        Landinspektørfor   among the       of Surveyors                 Chamber of      and Mapping         of the
                                                               Union of          ening (DdL)        surveyors;      (LMB),                       Architects      Agency              Patrimonial
                                                               land              (The Danish        only the        Association                  and Civil                           Documentation
                                                               surveyors         Association of     cadastre        of                           Engineers,
                                                               and               Chartered          public          Cartographer                 The State
                                                               hydrotechnic      Surveyors)         services        s and                        Geodetic
                                                               al                                   coordinate      Geodesists                   Administratio
                                                               engineers;                           activities if   (LKGA)                       n
                                                               Surveying                            required
                                                               companies
                                                               association

No of licensed (i.e. - authorised) cadastral             300 none                             300            1900            1500         1500             638                   0                0              1500           1900             448               900               1439                                      1000
surveyors in the country
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NA
No of companies that execute cadastral                   300               350                100            1390             118 none                     536                   0                0               250 ?                          205                 0                770                                            20
survey in the country
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            NA

Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
Advises / consultancy for the landowner        Yes             Yes               Yes                Yes             Yes             Yes          yes             no                  Yes              Yes               No             Yes             Yes               Yes                Yes                        Yes

Cadastral (technical) field measurements       Yes             Yes               Yes                Yes             Yes             Yes          yes             yes                 Yes              Yes               Yes            Yes             Yes               Yes                Yes                        Yes

Marking of parcel corners                      Yes (in fact    Yes               Yes                Yes             Yes             Yes          yes             no                  Yes              Yes               Yes            Yes             Yes               Yes                No                         ?
                                               it should be
                                               the owners
                                               to do it
                                               during the
                                               negotiation)



Validation - getting approval on cadastral     ???             Yes               Yes                No              Yes             yes          no              yes                 No               Yes               Yes            Yes             Yes               Yes                No                         Yes
plans from relevant authorities

Preparation (correction) of territorial        No              No                No                 Yes             No              yes          no              no                  Yes              No                No             No              No                Yes                No                         No
planning documents
Registration of updated cadastral data to      No              No                No                 No              No              no           no              yes                 No               No                Yes            No              Yes               No                 Yes                        No
Cadastral database

Land price valuation                           No              No                No                 Yes             No              yes          no              no                  No               Some do           No             No              Yes               no                 No                         Yes




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                                                                                                          Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities



Defining restrictions on land use          ???            Yes            No                 Yes            Yes            no             no              no         No            No           No          Yes          No           No            No                          No


Other (not mentioned above)                producing                     The cadastral     No              Definition of yes             Preparation     no                                                                          Yes           Yes
                                           all                           surveyor may                      land use                      of projects
                                           documents                     act as a "lower                   type                          (elaborates)
                                           for land                      court" in case of                 (including                    for
                                           registration                  boundary                          surveying of                  registration
                                           or property                   disputes                          boundaries                    purposes,
                                           issues.                                                         and area of                   collection of
                                                                                                           different                     necessary
                                                                                                           land use                      documents
                                                                                                           types in the                  and
Main reponsibilities (duties) of upper level None         All above,     NA                 Public         land parcel)
                                                                                                           not available Not available   approvals
                                                                                                                                         supervision     not appl   Appraisal,    No                       No                        experts       No                          Chartered
surveyor (senior surveyor or surveyor-                    plus quality                      service                                                                 management                                                       tasks that                                surveyor
expert) if such exist                                     check of                          delegation                                                                                                                               require                                   "sign off"
                                                          cadastral                         for                                                                                                                                      creation of
                                                          surveying                         identifying                                                                                                                              the main
                                                          and state                         boundaries                                                                                                                               project
                                                          expertise


Legal framework
Which laws describe cadastral surveying? Vermessung Law on Real          The law of         Framework      Law on         state law      The Law on Cadastre Act    Law on        Cadastre      Cadastre   Land         Real Estate Law on         Land           Decree       Land
                                         sgesetz,     Estate             subdivision and    directive on   National       (not federal   State        1992          updating of   and property and Real    Cadastre Act formation Act survey and   Registration   2076/1971/   Registration
                                         Liegenschaft Cadastre           registration ind   maintenance    Real Estate    law) about     Survey and                 cadastre      registry act, Estate                                cadastre     Act            Law 7/1986   Act
                                         steilungsges                    the Cadastre       of the         Cadastre;      official       Real Estate                              Geodesy
                                         etz                                                cadastral      Regulations    surveying      Cadastre                                 and
                                         Grundbuchs                                         map,           on             and mapping    (www.dgu.hr)                             Cartography
                                         gesetz                                             September      registration                                                           Act
                                                                                            1990           of cadastral                  (www.pravos
                                                                                            (Cadastre      object and                    udje.hr)
                                                                                            Office,        updating of
                                                                                            Ministry of    cadastral
                                                                                            Economy)       data;
                                                                                                           Regulations
                                                                                                           on licencing
                                                                                                           of land
                                                                                                           survey,
                                                                                                           cadastral
                                                                                                           surveying,
                                                                                                           geodesic
                                                                                                           and
                                                                                                           cartographic
                                                                                                           works




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                                                                                                       Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities



Which law (regulation) stipulates a            Vermessung       Law on       The Act of   Bylaw            Law on         law about       The Law on Cadastre Act   internal                 Real Estate NMCA     NA   Land
permission or responsibility for person        sgesetz,         Geodesy      Surveyors    setting          National       official        State        1992         regulations              formation Act             Registration
executing cadastral survey?                    Liegenschaft     and                       conditions of    Real Estate    surveying       Survey and                                                                   Act
                                               steilungsges     Cartography;              attribution of   Cadastre;      and             Real Estate
                                               etz               Law on                   cadastral        Regulations    mapping         Cadastre,
                                               Grundbuchs       Real Estate               works            on             (see above)     The Law on
                                               gesetz           Cadastre                  agreement        registration                   Croatian
                                                                                          (Cadastre        of cadastral                   Chamber of
                                                                                          office,          object and                     Architects
                                                                                          December         updating of                    and Civil
                                                                                          1985)            cadastral                      Engineers
                                                                                                           data;                          (www.hkaig.h
                                                                                                           Regulations                    r)
                                                                                                           on                             (www.uredje
                                                                                                           procedure of                   nazemlja.hr)
                                                                                                           provision
                                                                                                           and amount
                                                                                                           of
                                                                                                           information
                                                                                                           necessary
                                                                                                           for
                                                                                                           maintenance
                                                                                                            of Cadastre
                                                                                                           Information
                                                                                                           System




Which law (regulation) describe control        Liegenschaft     Law on      The Act of    Law of the       Law on         law about       The Law on Cadastre Act   internal      Land         Real Estate NMCA   NA   None
and supervision of cadastral surveyors?        steilungsges     Geodesy     Surveyors     7th of May,      National       the licensed    State        1992         regulations   Cadastre Act formation Act
                                               etz              and                       1946 setting     Real Estate    surveyors       Survey and
                                               Grundbuchs       Cartography               up the Ordre     Cadastre;      (different in   Real Estate
                                               gesetz                                     des              Regulations    the 15          Cadastre
                                                                                          Geometres        on             states, not     (www.katasta
                                                                                          Experts          registration   in Bavaria)     r.hr)
                                                                                                           of cadastral
                                                                                                           object and
                                                                                                           updating of
                                                                                                           cadastral
                                                                                                           data


Which law (regulation) describe liability of   Ziviltechniker   Law on      The Act of    Law of the       differenct     differenct      The Law on Cadastre Act   internal      Land         Real Estate NMCA   NA   Professional
cadastral surveyors?                           gesetz           Geodesy     Surveyors     7th of May,      State laws     State laws      Croatian     1992         regulations   Cadastre Act formation Act           Indemnity
                                               http://www.ar    and                       1946; and        on cadastral   on cadastral    Chamber of                                                                   insurance
                                               ching.at/bun     Cartography               Decree 96-       surveyors      surveyors       Architects
                                               d/access_EE                                478 of 31st                                     and Civil
                                               A.pdf                                      of May,                                         Engineers
                                                                                          1996 on                                         (www.hkaig.h
                                                                                          professional                                    r)
                                                                                          responsibiliti
                                                                                          es code



Licensing (authorisation)




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                                                                                                          Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities



Types of licensed cadastral surveyors      both            private        Private only        private        Private           both            private          public     public          both           public         private      public   private      public   public   private




Organisation, which grants a license       Federal         National     Ministry of           Ordre des      different         different       The           NA            NA              GCCA           COSMC          NMCA         NA       Geodetic     NA                RICS
(certificate)                              Ministry of     land Service Environment           Geometres      ministries        ministries      Croatian                                    jointly with                                        Authority
                                           Economics                                          Experts                                          Chamber of                                  chamber
                                           and Labour                                                                                          Architects
                                                                                                                                               and Civil
                                                                                                                                               Engineers,
                                                                                                                                               The State
                                                                                                                                               Geodetic
                                                                                                                                               Administratio
                                                                                                                                               n


Licensing (authorisation) conditions for    high           high           University          Surveying      Education or      university      Faculty          not appl   Appraisal (with University     University +   higher        NA      state exam   NA                Bacelor
applying to a license of cadastral surveyor education in   education in   degree in           engineering    enduring          degree in       education                   a Mathematic    degree in      practice       education or          + practice                     degree +
                                            geodesy +      disciplines    cadastral           degree         work              geodesy         (dipl.ing.), 3              Model)          geodesy +                     secondary                                            practice
                                            professional   with certain   science/geodesy     (Bac+5) +      experience;       plus            years of                                    practice                      or
                                            practice +     minimal         plus three years   two years of   stamp duty        additional      experience,                        Survey                                 vocational in
                                            Licensing      number of      employment in       professional   to be payed;      traineeship     office                      of the                                        specific
                                            examination    credits +      private practice    training       insurance of      on state        premises,                   cadastral                                     fields +
                                                           professional   under                              civil liability   level           equipment,                  parcels                                       experience
                                                           practice       supervision of a                                     including an
                                                                          licensed                                             examination
                                                                          cadastral                                            by the state;
                                                                          surveyor                                             after this
                                                                                                                               he/she at
                                                                                                                               least one
                                                                                                                               year of work
                                                                                                                               in cadastral
                                                                                                                               surveys (to
                                                                                                                               get
                                                                                                                               experienced)
                                                                                                                               ; a licensed
                                                                                                                               surveyor
                                                                                                                               has to be
                                                                                                                               citizen of an
                                                                                                                               EU member
                                                                                                                               state;
                                                                                                                               German
                                                                                                                               language
                                                                                                                               knowledge
                                                                                                                               is required




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Period of license validity for a cadastral   unlimited       unlimited     unlimited         unlimited        unlimited    unlimited    unlimited     NA         NA              unlimited        Unlimited        5 years and     NA           Unlimited   NA                    dependant
surveyor                                                                                                                                                                                                           unlimited                                                      of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  professional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  obligations


Minimal requirements for education after     BAC + 5         Number of    University         Surveying        Higher       university    Faculty      not appl   BAC +5          University       University       vocational      School of    No          NA   University       BSc
the secondary school for applying to a       years           credits of                      engineering      education    ending with education                                 degree in                         education       Technology                    degree
license of cadastral surveyor                education at    certain                         degree                        examination (dipl.ing.)                               geodesy
                                             university or   disciplines,                    (Bac+5)                       as diploma
                                             4 years at      quality                                                       engineer or
                                             Fachhochsc      improvement                                                   in the future
                                             hule             courses                                                      Master
                                                                                                                           degree in
                                                                                                                           geodesy;
                                                                                                                           also possibe
                                                                                                                           studying at
                                                                                                                           a university
                                                                                                                           of applied
                                                                                                                           sciences
                                                                                                                           ("Fachhochs
                                                                                                                           chule") with
                                                                                                                           diploma
                                                                                                                           degree or
                                                                                                                           Master in
                                                                                                                           the future;




Minimal duration of education after the    4 or 5            2 years       5 years                          5 4 or 5       4 or 5       3 or 4        not appl               3                5                5                 3 4 or 5       No          NA                3                 3
secondary school for applying to a license
of cadastral surveyor
Acceptable disciplines after the           only              geodesy,      Geodesy, land     For other        Any study    only         The Faculty   not appl   Mathematics,   Geodesy,          Geodesy,         geodesy,     many            Geodesy     NA   technical        Surveying,
secondary school for applying to a license university        land          laws, cadastral   engineers:       program at   geodesy (in of Geodesy                Topography,    Photogramm        Cartography,     cartography, themes                           engineering      Mapping,
of cadastral surveyor                      courses in        management science              professional     accredited   the moment);                          Law, Appraisal etry,              real estate     land                                          university/bel   geography,
                                           geodesy           , real estate                   training +       educational                                                       Cartography       cadastre,        management                                    ong to           civil
                                                             cadastre,                       required         institution.                                                                        geomatics        , geography                                   official         engineering
                                                             hydrotechnic                    courses +        There are                                                                                                                                          college of
                                                             al engineer,                    exam             no                                                                                                                                                 technical
                                                             architect                                        compulsory                                                                                                                                         engineers in
                                                                                                              courses,                                                                                                                                           topography
                                                                                                              there is a
                                                                                                              requirement
                                                                                                              for higher
                                                                                                              education in
                                                                                                              general.

Are requirements for a minimal number of Yes                 Yes           Not specified     No               Yes          Yes          3 years of    not appl   No              No               No               No              No           No          NA                    NA
hours (credits) of the acceptable                                                                                                       experience
disciplines for applying to a license of                                                                                                under
cadastral surveyor?                                                                                                                     supervision
                                                                                                                                        of one of the
                                                                                                                                        Chamber
                                                                                                                                        members




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                                                                                                        Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities



Requirements for additional qualification   additional    Quality     No                  Special      There are        after state    3 years of    not appl   No             No             5 years        No             No   state exam     NA   Course by
for applying to a license of cadastral      examination improvement                       agreement    no such          examination    experience                                             practice                                               RICS
surveyor                                    after 3 years course,                         given by     requirements     (after         under
                                            of practice   examination                     cadastre                      traineeship)   supervision
                                            and some                                      office after                  one year in    of one of the
                                            extra                                         presentation                  public         Chamber
                                            training on                                   of company                    authority or   members
                                            specific                                                                    at another
                                            topics as                                                                   licensed
                                            economics,                                                                  surveyor
                                            professional
                                            law e.a.




Organistion(s), which are responsible for   For private     Vilnius       None            Three          Latvia        none            The           not appl   The National   Universities   COSMC,         Universities   No   Geodetic       NA   RICS
training and education of cadastral         sector:         Gediminas                     engineering    University of                 Croatian                 School of      …              universities                       Technocal
surveyors                                   Chambers        Technical                     schools        Agriculture;                  Chamber of               finance                                                          School,
                                            For public      University;                                  Riga                          Architects                                                                                higher
                                            sector:         University of                                Technical                     and Civil                                                                                 school,
                                            Institutions,   Agriculture;                                 University;                   Engineers,                                                                                university
                                            to which        Vilnius                                      private                       The State
                                            person is       University;                                  training                      Geodetic
                                            affiliated.     colleges                                     centres that                  Administratio
                                                                                                         offer                         n, The
                                                                                                         accredited                    Faculty of
                                                                                                         courses                       Geodesy,
                                                                                                                                       other
                                                                                                                                       organization
                                                                                                                                       with
                                                                                                                                       programmes
                                                                                                                                       for
                                                                                                                                       education
Cadastral surveyors certification levels    only one        Surveyor,      No different   Single level: There is      no different     licensed      not appl   No             No             No             surveyors      No   license type   NA   MRICS and
(license types)                             license         Surveyor-      levels         geometre-     only one type levels           surveyor                                                                                  are                 FRICS
                                                            expert                        expert                                                                                                                                 classified
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 per type of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jobs
Compulsory period for professional          3 years         not defined    None           2 years        1 year         1 year         3 years       not appl   No             2 years        5 years        No             No   3 years        NA   NA
practice applying to a license of cadastral                 yet
surveyor
Requirements for improving qualification    None            Yes, at least None            40             There are     none            licenses      not appl   No             No             No             3 years        No   No             NA
of licensed surveyors                                       once per 5                    hours/year     no                            persons
                                                            years                                        requirements                  must fulfil
                                                                                                          for                          obligation
                                                                                                         improving                     about
                                                                                                         qualification                 permanent
                                                                                                                                       education
                                                                                                                                       each year

Does compulsory insurance apply to          no              Yes, will be   No             Yes            Yes,            yes           yes           not appl   No             No             No             No             No   No                  Yes
cadastral surveyor as a requirement for a                   since Oct                                    insurance of
license?                                                    2007                                         civil liability
                                                                                                         is required



Supervision




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Organisation (-s), which is responsible for The             National       Kort &              Cadastre       State Land      different,     The Central Kadaster      The Federal    GCCA          COSMC           NMCA         NMCA          NMCA         Land
control of quality of cadastral surveyors   Ministry,       Land           Matrikelstyrelsen   Office,        Service         depending      Office of                 Public Finance                                                                       Registry
deliverables and/or supervises cadastral Chambers           Serivce yet,   (The National       Ministry of    performs        on the state   The State
surrveyors activities                                       but County     Survey and          Economy        supervision..   law;           Geodetic
                                                            governor       Cadastre -          and Finance    .               ministry,      Administratio
                                                            since Oct      Denmark)                                           cadastral      n (Geodetic
                                                            2007                                                              office,        Inspection),
                                                                                                                              regional       State
                                                                                                                              government     Geodetic
                                                                                                                                             Administratio
                                                                                                                                             n Cadastral
                                                                                                                                             Offices
                                                                                                                                             (each
                                                                                                                                             elaborate),
Frequency of controlling of cadastral       None            At least       100% control of     Should be  NA                  NA             The
                                                                                                                                             Each          Permanent   Permanent      Permanent     Permanent       5% annually 2% of          reccurency   Permanent
surveyors activities                                        once per 5     deliverables        permanent…                                    elaborate,                                                                         subdivitions
                                                            years                                                                            Periodical
                                                                                                                                             control of
                                                                                                                                             Geodetic
                                                                                                                                             Inspection
Sanctions in case of inapropriate           warning by      Notice,        The cadastral       Agreement      Suspension      rebuke, fine   Financial   NA            NA             Suspension suspension         Notice,     penalty on     penalty,     legal action
cadastral surveyors work quality            chamber         suspension     surveyor may be     suspended      or              up to 10000    punishment,                              of license 1- of activities   suspension, salary         suspension   by client
                                            fines           of license,    brought to The      on a           annulment       € (different    losing                                  3 years                       termination
                                            expelling       termination    Surevyors           temporary or   of licence      in the         license
                                            from            of license     Tribunal            permanent                      states),       temporary,
                                            chamber or                     (rebuke, fine,      basis                          removal        losing
                                            license (very                  take back                                          from office    license
                                            rarely)                        license)                                                          permanently



Liability
Is cadastral surveyor fully responsible for Yes             No             Yes                 Yes            Yes             Yes            yes          no           Yes            Yes           Yes             Yes          No (state)    Yes          Yes
quality and correctness of cadastral data?

Max. amount, which could be charged to      No limits       No limits      500.000 EUR         No limits      Not relevant Not relevant No limits         not appl     Not relevant   No limits     No limits       No limits    Not relevant No limits     No limits
cadastral surveyor against to remedies to
third parties?
Minimal requirements for compulsory         None            period of      None (property      To be a     10 000 LVL         insurance      member of    not appl     None           15 000 EUR None               No                         None         Individula
insurance of cadastral surveyors activities                 remedies       damage and          geometre    (approx. 14        against        the                                                                                                            and
                                                            after the      other losses wil    expert;     230 EUR)           property       Chamber,                                                                                                       companiy
                                                            event. Max     be covered, e.g.    premium is                     damage         companies                                                                                                      cover wich
                                                            amount of      wrong advice)       computed as                                   have                                                                                                           reflects
                                                            remedies.                          a % of                                        insurance                                                                                                      ilitigation
                                                                                               turnover                                      based on                                                                                                       issues of
                                                                                                                                             regulation                                                                                                     boundary
                                                                                                                                             for                                                                                                            survey
                                                                                                                                             companies




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Max refundable annual amount of          figures not     29 000 EUR        500.000 EUR         No limits    The max.         normally 2     It is          not appl   Not relevant       No limits   No limits   No   Not known    NA
insurance against to remedies because of available       for one case      pr. cadastral                    amount is        damages        agreement
cadastral surveyors activities                           or in total for   surveyor in a                    not              with           between
                                                         all annual        company, max                     prescribed       maximum        licensed
                                                         remedies          2.000.000 EUR                    in legislation   insurance      surveyor
                                                                           in total (if more                                 sum per year   and
                                                                           than four                                                        insurance
                                                                           cadstaral                                                        company, If
                                                                           surveyors in a                                                   licensed
                                                                           company)                                                         surveyor do
                                                                                                                                            not have
                                                                                                                                            insurance
                                                                                                                                            agreement
                                                                                                                                            he can not
                                                                                                                                            be member
                                                                                                                                            of the
                                                                                                                                            Chamber,
                                                                                                                                            for physical
                                                                                                                                            person
                                                                                                                                            liability
                                                                                                                                            covers all
                                                                                                                                            their property




The period while insurance covers         depends on     5 years after Normally 2        30 years           It is not      it is            5 years       not appl                                                    Not known
remedies because of cadastral surveyors   contract, if   the end of    years, in special                    prescribed     compulsary
activities                                insurance is   insurance     cases 5 years                        in legislation to have the
                                          committed,     contract                                                          insurance
                                          it has                                                                           as long as
                                          continuous                                                                       he/she is
                                          duration.                                                                        acting as
                                                                                                                           licensed
                                                                                                                           surveyor


Max period while cadastral surveyors is   30 years, as   not defined Lifetime                  30 years     10 years         n.a.; in       for the time not appl                                                     State is
liable for the produced cadastral         regulated by   explicitely,                                                        Germany        been, if                                                                  realiable
documents (data)                          common law     but 5 years                                                         the same       cadastral
                                          in Austria.    at least                                                            period the     data mast
                                                         (according                                                          state is       be corrected
                                                         to Civil Law)                                                       reliable       and there is
                                                                                                                                            no financial
                                                                                                                                            requirements
                                                                                                                                             it will be
                                                                                                                                            corrected by
                                                                                                                                            private
                                                                                                                                            licensed
                                                                                                                                            surveyor
                                                                                                                                            without time
                                                                                                                                            limit




By whom cadastral surveyors could be      By himself,    By juridical      By himself (if he By             by himself       by himself     by chamber    not appl                   0                                by company
insured?                                  by chamber     person            works as an       insurance
                                                         (enterprise)      individual) or    companies
                                                         whithin           company (if he
                                                         whom he           is owner or
                                                         works; by         coowner of a
                                                         himself also      company)




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                        Instruction on how to complete the questionnaire


       This questionnaire is produced aiming to better understand legal, organisational and operational frameworks
       accross Europe in regard to activities of cadastral surveyors. The questionnaire results will supplement available
       information about cadastral surveyors activities and will directly contribute to objectives of the joint
       EuroGeographics, The Council of Geodetic Surveyors (CLGE) and Geometer Europas project "European
       requirements toward to cadastral surveyors activities", i.e. - to identify common characteristics and to provide
       recommendations on general qualification requirements for cadastral surveyors in Europe. The project is managed

       Definitions:
       Cadastral surveyor - person (physical or juridical) that is entitled to officially execute cadastral surveying
       determining real estate property boundaries (and other data) and producing certain real estate property documents
       according to national requirements, that usually are defined by law (regulations). The documents serve as ground for
       land and property registration in State Cadastre and/or Land Registry. The activity of cadastral surveying is usually
       Public Private Partnership (PPP) - a partnership between a public organisation and a private company, which
       takes the form of a medium to long term relationship in which the partners have agreed to work closely together to
       deliver improvements to services in the interest of the public. There will be agreed arrangements for the sharing of
       risks, benefits and rewards and the utilisation of multi-sector skills, expertise and finance. Such partnerships are

       How to complete the questionnaire
             please find and open your country's worksheet
             review the records and correct or/and amend information in the yellow cells

             in case your country's worksheet is not in the file, please complete the yellow cells of the "country templete"
              comments and instruction on the cell's record is provided for corresponding cells
              please see samples of the completed worksheets of other countries

       The completed questionnaire shall be delivered to Berny Kersten, EuroGeographics Head Office by email:
       berny.kersten@eurogeographics.org or fax +33 (0) 1 64 15 32 19
       For any question concerning the content of the Questionnaire please contact the project manager Saulius Urbanas:
       ph +370 5 2398440, fax +370 5 2391307 or by email sauliusu@zum.lt




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Join EuroGeographics, CLGE and Geometer Europas project "European requirements toward to cadastral surveyors
activities", 2007
                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Country

                    Questions                                   Answers                               Comments

        General
        Title of cadastral surveyor in
        native language
        Operate as individual or within
        juridical person?
        Coordinating organisation for the
        work of cadastral surveyors
        No of licensed (i.e. - authorised)
        cadastral surveyors in the country

        No of companies that execute
        cadastral survey in the country

        Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
        Advises / consultancy for the
        landowner
        Cadastral (technical) field
        measurements
        Marking of parcel corners
        Validation - getting approval on
        cadastral plans from relevant
        authorities
        Preparation (correction) of
        territorial planning documents
        Registration of updated cadastral
        data to Cadastral database
        Land price valuation

        Defining restrictions on land use

        Other (not mentioned above)

        Main reponsibilities (duties) of
        upper level surveyor (senior
        surveyor or surveyor-expert) if
        such exist




        Legal framework
        Which laws describe cadastral
        surveying?
        Which law (regulation) stipulates
        a permission or responsibility for
        person executing cadastral
        survey?




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Which law (regulation) describe
        control and supervision of
        cadastral surveyors?
        Which law (regulation) describe
        liability of cadastral surveyors?

        Licensing (authorisation)
        Types of licensed cadastral
        surveyors
        Organisation, which grants a
        license (certificate)
        Licensing (authorisation)
        conditions for applying to a
        license of cadastral surveyor
        Period of license validity for a
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal requirements for
        education after the secondary
        school for applying to a license of
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal duration of education
        after the secondary school for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor
        Acceptable disciplines after the
        secondary school for applying to
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Are requirements for a minimal
        number of hours (credits) of the
        acceptable disciplines for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor?
        Requirements for additional
        qualification for applying to a
        license of cadastral surveyor
        Organistion(s), which are
        responsible for training and
        education of cadastral surveyors

        Cadastral surveyors certification
        levels (license types)

        Compulsory period for
        professional practice applying to
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Requirements for improving
        qualification of licensed surveyors

        Does compulsory insurance
        apply to cadastral surveyor as a
        requirement for a license?

        Supervision




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Organisation (-s), which is
        responsible for control of quality
        of cadastral surveyors
        deliverables and/or supervises
        cadastral surrveyors activities
        Frequency of controlling of
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Sanctions in case of inapropriate
        cadastral surveyors work quality


        Liability
        Is cadastral surveyor fully
        responsible for quality and
        correctness of cadastral data?
        Max. amount, which could be
        charged to cadastral surveyor
        against to remedies to third
        parties?
        Minimal requirements for
        compulsory insurance of
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Max refundable annual amount
        of insurance against to remedies
        because of cadastral surveyors
        activities




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Country                              Denmark

                    Questions                                   Answers                               Comments

        General
        Title of cadastral surveyor in       Praktiserende landinspektør
        native language
        Operate as individual or within      Individual                                        The license is personal
        juridical person?
        Coordinating organisation for the    Association: Den danske                           Approx. 95% of the
        work of cadastral surveyors          Landinspektørforening (DdL) (The Danish           licensed cadastral
                                             Association of Chartered Surveyors)               surveyors are organized
                                                                                               in the DdL. DdL is not a
                                                                                               chamber.
        No of licensed (i.e. - authorised) Approx. 300
        cadastral surveyors in the country

        No of companies that execute         Approx. 100                                       A company might have
        cadastral survey in the country                                                        one owner up to several
                                                                                               owners. Majority of
                                                                                               owners must be licensed
                                                                                               cadastral surveyors


        Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
        Advises / consultancy for the     Yes
        landowner
        Cadastral (technical) field       Yes
        measurements
        Marking of parcel corners         Yes
        Validation - getting approval on  Yes
        cadastral plans from relevant
        authorities
        Preparation (correction) of       No
        territorial planning documents
        Registration of updated cadastral No
        data to Cadastral database
        Land price valuation                 No

        Definition of restrictions on land   No
        use
        Other (not mentioned above)          The cadastral surveyor may act as a "lower
                                             court" in case of boundary disputes
        Main reponsibilities (duties) of     not available
        upper level surveyor (senior
        surveyor or surveyor-expert) if
        such exist

        Legal framework
        Which laws describe cadastral        The law of subdivision and registration ind       www.ddl.org
        surveying?                           the Cadastre




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Which law (regulation) stipulates    The Act of Surveyors                              www.ddl.org
        a permission or responsibility for
        person executing cadastral
        survey?
        Which law (regulation) describe      The Act of Surveyors                              www.ddl.org
        control and supervision of
        cadastral surveyors?
        Which law (regulation) describe      The Act of Surveyors                              www.ddl.org
        liability of cadastral surveyors?

        Licensing (authorisation)
        Types of licensed cadastral          Private only
        surveyors
        Organisation, which grants a         Ministry of Environment
        license (certificate)
        Licensing (authorisation)            University degree in cadastral                    Danish language
        conditions for applying to a         science/geodesy plus three years                  knowledge is not
        license of cadastral surveyor        employment in private practice under              explicitly required but is
                                             supervision of a licensed cadastral surveyor      assumed necessary
        Period of license validity for a     Lifetime
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal requirements for            University
        education after the secondary
        school for applying to a license of
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal duration of education       5 years
        after the secondary school for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor
        Acceptable disciplines after the    Geodesy, land laws, cadastral science
        secondary school for applying to
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Are requirements for a minimal     Not specified
        number of hours (credits) of the
        acceptable disciplines for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor?
        Requirements for additional        No
        qualification for applying to a
        license of cadastral surveyor
        Organistion(s), which are          None                                                The DdL organizes
        responsible for training and                                                           additional training
        education of cadastral surveyors                                                       courses (1 - 2 days)
                                                                                               (volantarily)
        Cadastral surveyors certification    No different levels
        levels (license types)

        Compulsory period for             None
        professional practice applying to
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Requirements for improving          None
        qualification of licensed surveyors




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Does compulsory insurance            No
        apply to cadastral surveyor as a
        requirement for a license?

        Supervision
        Organisation (-s), which is          Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen (The National            Only control of
        responsible for control of quality   Survey and Cadastre - Denmark)                    deliverables (no ground
        of cadastral surveyors                                                                 control)
        deliverables and/or supervises
        cadastral surrveyors activities
        Frequency of controlling of       100% control of deliverables
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Sanctions in case of inapropriate The cadastral surveyor may be brought to
        cadastral surveyors work quality The Surevyors Tribunal (rebuke, fine, take
                                          back license)

        Liability
        Is cadastral surveyor fully          Yes, for his advice, survey and other
        responsible for quality and          deliverables
        correctness of cadastral data?
        Max. amount, which could be          500.000 EUR
        charged to cadastral surveyor
        against to remedies to third
        parties?
        Minimal requirements for             None (property damage and other losses wil
        compulsory insurance of              be covered, e.g. wrong advice)
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Max refundable annual amount         500.000 EUR pr. cadastral surveyor in a
        of insurance against to remedies     company, max 2.000.000 EUR in total (if
        because of cadastral surveyors       more than four cadstaral surveyors in a
        activities                           company)




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Country                              France

                    Questions                                   Answers                               Comments

        General
        Title of cadastral surveyor in       Géomètre-expert
        native language
        Operate as individual or within    Both individuals and companies, but always
        juridical person?                  under the personal responsibility of the
                                           surveyor
        Coordinating organisation for the There is no coordination among the                   What does coordination
        work of cadastral surveyors        surveyors; only the cadastre public services        mean here ?
                                           coordinate activities if required
        No of licensed (i.e. - authorised) 1900
        cadastral surveyors in the country

        No of companies that execute         630 individual offices and 760 companies
        cadastral survey in the country

        Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
        Advises / consultancy for the     Yes
        landowner
        Cadastral (technical) field       Yes
        measurements
        Marking of parcel corners         Yes
        Validation - getting approval on  No
        cadastral plans from relevant
        authorities
        Preparation (correction) of       Yes                                                  Only if there is a contract
        territorial planning documents                                                         with the surveyor (private
                                                                                               business)

        Registration of updated cadastral No
        data to Cadastral database
        Land price valuation                 Yes                                               Private activity (not a
                                                                                               public assignment)
        Defining restrictions on land use    Yes

        Other (not mentioned above)          No

        Main reponsibilities (duties) of     Public service delegation for identifying the
        upper level surveyor (senior         boundaries between properties. ARTICLE 1
        surveyor or surveyor-expert) if      of the 7th of May 1946 Law creating the
        such exist                           Ordre des Geometres Experts reads as
                                             follows:
                                             "The Professional Land Surveyor is a
                                             technician practising a liberal profession who,
                                             in his own name and under his personal
                                             responsibility:

        Legal framework
        Which laws describe cadastral        Framework directive on maintenance of the
        surveying?                           cadastral map, September 1990 (Cadastre
                                             Office, Ministry of Economy)




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Which law (regulation) stipulates     Bylaw setting conditions of attribution of
        a permission or responsibility for    cadastral works agreement (Cadastre office,
        person executing cadastral            December 1985)
        survey?
        Which law (regulation) describe       Law of the 7th of May, 1946 setting up the
        control and supervision of            Ordre des Geometres Experts
        cadastral surveyors?
        Which law (regulation) describe       Law of the 7th of May, 1946; and Decree 96-
        liability of cadastral surveyors?     478 of 31st of May, 1996 on professional
                                              responsibilities code

        Licensing (authorisation)
        Types of licensed cadastral           private
        surveyors
        Organisation, which grants a          Ordre des Geometres Experts
        license (certificate)
        Licensing (authorisation)             Surveying engineering degree (Bac+5) + two
        conditions for applying to a          years of professional training
        license of cadastral surveyor
        Period of license validity for a      Lifelong
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal requirements for              Surveying engineering degree (Bac+5)
        education after the secondary
        school for applying to a license of
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal duration of education         5
        after the secondary school for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor
        Acceptable disciplines after the      For other engineers: professional training +
        secondary school for applying to      required courses + exam
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Are requirements for a minimal        No
        number of hours (credits) of the
        acceptable disciplines for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor?
        Requirements for additional           Special agreement given by cadastre office
        qualification for applying to a       after presentation of company
        license of cadastral surveyor
        Organistion(s), which are             Three engineering schools
        responsible for training and
        education of cadastral surveyors

        Cadastral surveyors certification     Single level: geometre-expert
        levels (license types)

        Compulsory period for             2 years
        professional practice applying to
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Requirements for improving          40 hours/year
        qualification of licensed surveyors




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Does compulsory insurance            Yes: must cover 10 years for utilities, and 30
        apply to cadastral surveyor as a     years for professional public liability
        requirement for a license?

        Supervision
        Organisation (-s), which is          Cadastre Office, Ministry of Economy and
        responsible for control of quality   Finance
        of cadastral surveyors
        deliverables and/or supervises
        cadastral surrveyors activities
        Frequency of controlling of       Should be permanent…
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Sanctions in case of inapropriate Agreement suspended on a temporary or
        cadastral surveyors work quality permanent basis


        Liability
        Is cadastral surveyor fully          Yes
        responsible for quality and
        correctness of cadastral data?
        Max. amount, which could be          There is no maximum; the Ordre determines
        charged to cadastral surveyor        the minimum level of liability, and makes sure
        against to remedies to third         that each surveying company has an
        parties?                             insurance adapted to the dimension of its
                                             contracts.
        Minimal requirements for             To be a geometre expert; premium is
        compulsory insurance of              computed as a % of turnover
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Max refundable annual amount         There is no maximum; remedies are
        of insurance against to remedies     calculated according to evaluation of damage
        because of cadastral surveyors
        activities




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Country                              Germany

                    Questions                                   Answers                               Comments

        General
        Title of cadastral surveyor in    Oeffentlich bestellter Vermessungsingenieur
        native language
        Operate as individual or within   individual
        juridical person?
        Coordinating organisation for the association: BDVI                                    about 80% of the
        work of cadastral surveyors                                                            licensed are organised in
                                                                                               the BDVI (association of
                                                                                               the licensed surveyors);
                                                                                               that is not a chamber

        No of licensed (i.e. - authorised) ca. 1500                                            not in Bavaria
        cadastral surveyors in the country

        No of companies that execute         none                                              licensed surveyors are
        cadastral survey in the country                                                        allowed to work together
                                                                                               in a working group, but
                                                                                               they are independent in
                                                                                               the WG

        Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
        Advises / consultancy for the     Yes
        landowner
        Cadastral (technical) field       Yes
        measurements
        Marking of parcel corners         Yes
        Validation - getting approval on  yes
        cadastral plans from relevant
        authorities
        Preparation (correction) of       yes                                                  only the preparation of
        territorial planning documents                                                         the basis information
                                                                                               (real estate cadastre) is
                                                                                               normally task of the -
                                                                                               licensed - surveyor
        Registration of updated cadastral no                                                   registration is task of the
        data to Cadastral database                                                             surveying authority;
        Land price valuation                 yes                                               licensed surveyor can
                                                                                               but not as licensed
                                                                                               surveyor
        Defining restrictions on land use    no

        Other (not mentioned above)          yes                                               all other task will be
                                                                                               performed as "normal"
        Main reponsibilities (duties) of     Not available                                     surveyor, not as licensed
        upper level surveyor (senior
        surveyor or surveyor-expert) if
        such exist

        Legal framework




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Which laws describe cadastral         state law (not federal law) about official       the laws have different
        surveying?                            surveying and mapping                            names in the different
                                                                                               states; it is always a law
                                                                                               for cadastre and state
                                                                                               survey
        Which law (regulation) stipulates     law about official surveying and mapping         the staff in the cadastral
        a permission or responsibility for    (see above)                                      offices is automaticly
        person executing cadastral                                                             allowed to perform
        survey?                                                                                cadastral surveys as civil
                                                                                               servants in their office
                                                                                               (not for private purposes)

        Which law (regulation) describe       law about the licensed surveyors (different in   control and supervision of
        control and supervision of            the 15 states, not in Bavaria)                   civil servants is an
        cadastral surveyors?                                                                   internal task
        Which law (regulation) describe       law about the licensed surveyors (different in licensed surveyors have
        liability of cadastral surveyors?     the 15 states, not in Bavaria), but as they are to have an insurance
                                              acting on behalf of the state, the state will be against financial risks
                                              liable                                           coming from their work
                                                                                               (to pay the money back
                                                                                               to the state in case of
                                                                                               liability)

        Licensing (authorisation)
        Types of licensed cadastral           public                                           public because he/she is
        surveyors                                                                              acting on behalf of the
                                                                                               state
        Organisation, which grants a          the ministry which is responsible for cadastre
        license (certificate)                 and state survey (different in Germany, e.g.
                                              Interior, Finance, Environment, Economy,
                                              Rural Affairs, Construction

        Licensing (authorisation)             university degree in geodesy plus additional     leading personnel in the
        conditions for applying to a          traineeship on state level including an          cadastral offices have to
        license of cadastral surveyor         examination by the state; after this he/she at   fulfill the same
                                              least one year of work in cadastral surveys      requirement (except the
                                              (to get experienced); a licensed surveyor has    "practical year")
                                              to be citizen of an EU member state; German
                                              language knowledge is required

        Period of license validity for a      for lifetime                                     most of states have an
        cadastral surveyor                                                                     age limit (65 or so)
        Minimal requirements for           university ending with examination as
        education after the secondary      diploma engineer or in the future Master
        school for applying to a license ofdegree in geodesy; also possibe studying at
        cadastral surveyor                 a university of applied sciences
                                           ("Fachhochschule") with diploma degree or
                                           Master in the future;
        Minimal duration of education      4-5 years depending on the university;
        after the secondary school for     nowadays also the number of credit points
        applying to a license of cadastral (ECTS)
        surveyor
        Acceptable disciplines after the   only geodesy (in the moment);
        secondary school for applying to
        a license of cadastral surveyor




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Are requirements for a minimal       yes; n.a. concerning the credits
        number of hours (credits) of the
        acceptable disciplines for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor?
        Requirements for additional          after state examination (after traineeship) one
        qualification for applying to a      year in public authority or at another licensed
        license of cadastral surveyor        surveyor
        Organistion(s), which are            none
        responsible for training and
        education of cadastral surveyors

        Cadastral surveyors certification    no different levels
        levels (license types)

        Compulsory period for             after state examination (after traineeship) one
        professional practice applying to year in public authority or at another licensed
        a license of cadastral surveyor   surveyor

        Requirements for improving          none
        qualification of licensed surveyors

        Does compulsory insurance            yes
        apply to cadastral surveyor as a
        requirement for a license?

        Supervision
        Organisation (-s), which is          different, depending on the state law;
        responsible for control of quality   ministry, cadastral office, regional government
        of cadastral surveyors
        deliverables and/or supervises
        cadastral surrveyors activities
        Frequency of controlling of       n.a., because the regulations are too different        in Lower Saxony every
        cadastral surveyors activities                                                           second year
        Sanctions in case of inapropriate rebuke, fine up to 10000 € (different in the           as the licensed surveyors
        cadastral surveyors work quality states), removal from office                            act on behalf of the state,
                                                                                                 the same rules as for civil
                                                                                                 servants are valid


        Liability
        Is cadastral surveyor fully          yes, for his survey
        responsible for quality and
        correctness of cadastral data?
        Max. amount, which could be          n.a., as at first the state is liable against the
        charged to cadastral surveyor        customer; no limit
        against to remedies to third
        parties?
        Minimal requirements for             insurance against property damage
        compulsory insurance of
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Max refundable annual amount         normally 2 damages with maximum                     The informaiton is not
        of insurance against to remedies     insurance sum per year                              accurate, bo be checked
        because of cadastral surveyors                                                           in addition
        activities




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Country                              Latvia

                    Questions                                   Answers                               Comments

        General
        Title of cadastral surveyor in       Kadastrālās uzmērīšanas veicējs
        native language
        Operate as individual or within      Both companies and certified chartered
        juridical person?                    surveyors
        Coordinating organisation for the    Latvian Association of Surveyors (LMB),
        work of cadastral surveyors          Association of Cartographers and Geodesists
                                             (LKGA)
        No of licensed (i.e. - authorised)   19 certified chartered surveyors
        cadastral surveyors in the country

        No of companies that execute         118 companies                                     1000 employees in total
        cadastral survey in the country

        Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
        Advises / consultancy for the     Yes
        landowner
        Cadastral (technical) field       Yes
        measurements
        Marking of parcel corners         Yes
        Validation - getting approval on  Yes
        cadastral plans from relevant
        authorities
        Preparation (correction) of       No
        territorial planning documents
        Registration of updated cadastral No
        data to Cadastral database
        Land price valuation                 No

        Definition of restrictions on land   Yes
        use
        Other (not mentioned above)          Definition of land use type (including
                                             surveying of boundaries and area of different
        Main reponsibilities (duties) of     land use types in the land parcel)
                                             not available
        upper level surveyor (senior
        surveyor or surveyor-expert) if
        such exist

        Legal framework
        Which laws describe cadastral        Law on National Real Estate Cadastre;             At the moment:
        surveying?                           Regulations on registration of cadastral          Instruction on boundary
                                             object and updating of cadastral data;            surveying, in the future:
                                             Regulations on licencing of land survey,          Regulations on
                                             cadastral surveying, geodesic and                 determination of real
                                             cartographic works                                estate object (to be
                                                                                               adopeted soon)




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Which law (regulation) stipulates    Law on National Real Estate Cadastre;
        a permission or responsibility for   Regulations on registration of cadastral
        person executing cadastral           object and updating of cadastral data;
        survey?                              Regulations on procedure of provision and
                                             amount of information necessary for
                                             maintenance of Cadastre Information System

        Which law (regulation) describe      Law on National Real Estate Cadastre;             At the moment:
        control and supervision of           Regulations on registration of cadastral          Instruction on boundary
        cadastral surveyors?                 object and updating of cadastral data             surveying, in the future:
                                                                                               Regulations on
                                                                                               determination of real
                                                                                               estate object (to be
                                                                                               adopeted soon)
        Which law (regulation) describe      Law on National Real Estate Cadastre;             At the moment:
        liability of cadastral surveyors?    Regulations on registration of cadastral          Instruction on boundary
                                             object and updating of cadastral data;            surveying, in the future:
                                             Regulations on licencing of land survey,          Regulations on
                                             cadastral surveying, geodesic and                 determination of real
                                             cartographic works                                estate object (to be
                                                                                               adopeted soon)

        Licensing (authorisation)
        Types of licensed cadastral          Private                                           It is planned to start also
        surveyors                                                                              certification of surveyors
                                                                                               as physical persons since
                                                                                               2008
        Organisation, which grants a         State Land Service
        license (certificate)
        Licensing (authorisation)            Education or enduring work experience;            These conditions are
        conditions for applying to a         stamp duty to be payed; insurance of civil        going to be changed
        license of cadastral surveyor        liability                                         when the certification will
                                                                                               be started in this field

        Period of license validity for a     Unlimited                                         But the final date of
        cadastral surveyor                                                                     validity is January 1,
                                                                                               2011 since when only
                                                                                               certification will take
                                                                                               place in this field
        Minimal requirements for            Higher education                                   It is possible to receive
        education after the secondary                                                          certificate without having
        school for applying to a license of                                                    the appropriate education
        cadastral surveyor                                                                     if you have an enduring
                                                                                               work experience in the
                                                                                               field
        Minimal duration of education        There are no such requirements
        after the secondary school for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor
        Acceptable disciplines after the     Any study program at accredited educational
        secondary school for applying to     institution. There are no compulsory courses,
        a license of cadastral surveyor      there is a requirement for higher education in
                                             general.




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        Are requirements for a minimal       There are no such requirements
        number of hours (credits) of the
        acceptable disciplines for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor?
        Requirements for additional          There are no such requirements
        qualification for applying to a
        license of cadastral surveyor
        Organistion(s), which are            Latvia University of Agriculture; Riga            Also LMB offers some
        responsible for training and         Technical University; private training centres    courses but they are not
        education of cadastral surveyors     that offer accredited courses                     accredited

        Cadastral surveyors certification    There is only one type
        levels (license types)

        Compulsory period for             There are no compulsory terms for
        professional practice applying to professional practice
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Requirements for improving          There are no requirements for improving
        qualification of licensed surveyors qualification

        Does compulsory insurance            Yes, insurance of civil liability is required
        apply to cadastral surveyor as a
        requirement for a license?

        Supervision
        Organisation (-s), which is          State Land Service performs supervision...        ...but surveyor is
        responsible for control of quality                                                     responsible for his/her
        of cadastral surveyors                                                                 work
        deliverables and/or supervises
        cadastral surrveyors activities
        Frequency of controlling of       The frequency of control is not prescribed in
        cadastral surveyors activities    legislation. Each file is controlled at
                                          registration in Cadastre and State Land
                                          Service controls files completely upon
                                          necessity.
        Sanctions in case of inapropriate Suspension or annulment of licence                   When the licence is
        cadastral surveyors work quality                                                       suspended the surveyor
                                                                                               is allowed to perform only
                                                                                               those works that are
                                                                                               necessary to correct
                                                                                               errors

        Liability
        Is cadastral surveyor fully          Yes
        responsible for quality and
        correctness of cadastral data?
        Max. amount, which could be          There is no limit
        charged to cadastral surveyor
        against to remedies to third
        parties?
        Minimal requirements for             10 000 LVL (approx. 14 230 EUR)
        compulsory insurance of
        cadastral surveyors activities




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        Max refundable annual amount         The max. amount is not prescribed in
        of insurance against to remedies     legislation
        because of cadastral surveyors
        activities




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Country                              Lithuania

                    Questions                                   Answers                                 Comments

        General
        Title of cadastral surveyor in       matininkas
        native language
        Operate as individual or within    as individual within juridical person since Oct      Law on Geodesy and
        juridical person?                  2007. Licenses are granted only to juridical         Cartography will be in
                                           person till Oct 2007.                                force since Oct 2007
        Coordinating organisation for the Association of Surveyors, Union of land               Association membership
        work of cadastral surveyors        surveyors and hydrotechnical engineers;              is on voluntery basis
                                           Surveying companies association
        No of licensed (i.e. - authorised) none                                                 About 1000 individuals
        cadastral surveyors in the country                                                      are in thee surveying
                                                                                                market, but the law on
                                                                                                licensing of individuals
                                                                                                will start at Oct 2007.
        No of companies that execute                                                      350
        cadastral survey in the country

        Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
        Advises / consultancy for the     Yes
        landowner
        Cadastral (technical) field       Yes
        measurements
        Marking of parcel corners         Yes
        Validation - getting approval on  Yes
        cadastral plans from relevant
        authorities
        Preparation (correction) of       No                                                    Territorial planning
        territorial planning documents                                                          architect or land reform
                                                                                                project designer is
                                                                                                entitled for this activity.
                                                                                                However cadastral
                                                                                                survey data may impact
                                                                                                corrections of the
                                                                                                territorial planning
                                                                                                documents (plans)
        Registration of updated cadastral No                                                    Only owner can change
        data to Cadastral database                                                              cadastral data of his
                                                                                                property
        Land price valuation                 No

        Definition of restrictions on land   Yes                                                Cadastral surveyors is
        use                                                                                     obliged to record all
                                                                                                restrictions in the
                                                                                                cadastral file.

        Other (not mentioned above)

        Main reponsibilities (duties) of     All above, plus quality check of cadastral         Surveyor-expert only can
        upper level surveyor (senior         surveying and state expertise                      check quality of
        surveyor or surveyor-expert) if                                                         surveyors work.
        such exist




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        Legal framework
        Which laws describe cadastral         Law on Real Estate Cadastre
        surveying?
        Which law (regulation) stipulates     Law on Geodesy and Cartography; Law on
        a permission or responsibility for    Real Estate Cadastre
        person executing cadastral
        survey?
        Which law (regulation) describe       Law on Geodesy and Cartography
        control and supervision of
        cadastral surveyors?
        Which law (regulation) describe       Law on Geodesy and Cartography
        liability of cadastral surveyors?

        Licensing (authorisation)
        Types of licensed cadastral           private
        surveyors
        Organisation, which grants a          National land Service
        license (certificate)
        Licensing (authorisation)             high education in disciplines with certain       Conditions are under
        conditions for applying to a          minimal number of credits + professional         construction yet. They will
        license of cadastral surveyor         practice                                         be in force since Oct 2007

        Period of license validity for a      unlimited
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal requirements for              Number of credits of certain disciplines,
        education after the secondary         quality improvement courses
        school for applying to a license of
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal duration of education         2 years                                          Conditions are under
        after the secondary school for                                                         construction yet. They will
        applying to a license of cadastral                                                     be in force since Oct 2008
        surveyor
        Acceptable disciplines after the      geodesy, land management, real estate            Under construction to be
        secondary school for applying to      cadastre, hydrotechnical engineer, architect     defined by Oct 2007
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Are requirements for a minimal        Yes, will be                                     Under construction to be
        number of hours (credits) of the                                                       defined by Oct 2007
        acceptable disciplines for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor?
        Requirements for additional           Quality improvement course, examination
        qualification for applying to a
        license of cadastral surveyor
        Organistion(s), which are             Vilnius Gediminas Technical University;
        responsible for training and          University of Agriculture; Vilnius University;
        education of cadastral surveyors      colleges



        Cadastral surveyors certification     Surveyor, Surveyor-expert
        levels (license types)




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        Compulsory period for             not defined yet                                      2 years as a proposal, to
        professional practice applying to                                                      be defined by Oct 2007
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Requirements for improving          Yes, at least once per 5 years                     Any organisation could
        qualification of licensed surveyors                                                    execute improving
                                                                                               qualification training, but
                                                                                               the training programme
                                                                                               should be validated by
                                                                                               National Land Service

        Does compulsory insurance            Yes, will be since Oct 2007                       This is stipulated by law
        apply to cadastral surveyor as a                                                       on Geodesy and
        requirement for a license?                                                             Cartography, will be in
                                                                                               force since Oct 2007

        Supervision
        Organisation (-s), which is          National Land Serivce yet, but County             Quality of parcel
        responsible for control of quality   governor since Oct 2007                           boundaries are checked
        of cadastral surveyors                                                                 by Centre of Registers
        deliverables and/or supervises                                                         (www.registrucentras.lt )
        cadastral surrveyors activities
        Frequency of controlling of       At least once per 5 years
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Sanctions in case of inapropriate Notice, suspension of license, termination of
        cadastral surveyors work quality license


        Liability
        Is cadastral surveyor fully          Licensed juridical person (enterprise) within     In addition, his work is
        responsible for quality and          which the surveyor is an employee                 validated by County
        correctness of cadastral data?                                                         governor and Centre of
                                                                                               Registers
        Max. amount, which could be          No limits
        charged to cadastral surveyor
        against to remedies to third
        parties?
        Minimal requirements for             period of remedies after the event. Max           Law on Geodesy and
        compulsory insurance of              amount of remedies.                               Cartography will be in
        cadastral surveyors activities                                                         force since Oct 2007
        Max refundable annual amount         29 000 EUR for one case or in total for all       Law on Geodesy and
        of insurance against to remedies     annual remedies                                   Cartography will be in
        because of cadastral surveyors                                                         force since Oct 2007
        activities




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                           Questionnaire on national cadastral surveyors activities


        Country                              Austria

                    Questions                                   Answers                               Comments

        General
        Title of cadastral surveyor in       Ingenieurkonsulent für Vermessungswesen -         According to the Austrian
        native language                      Chartered Engineering Consultant (private         law also public
                                             practice)                                         institutions are licensed
                                                                                               to do cadastral surveying
                                                                                               in some cases.

        Operate as individual or within      in general as individual persons, possibility     In case of companies
        juridical person?                    for individuals to build up companies as well     CEO must be a licensed
                                                                                               surveyor.
        Coordinating organisation for the undesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit           Membership is obligatory.
        work of cadastral surveyors        (Federal Ministry for Economics and Labour)         Federal Chamber is
                                           provides the license. Licensed private              umbrella of 4 regional
                                           surveyors are member of one of the 4                Chambers and provides
                                           regional Chambers of Architects and                 own pension system.
                                           Consultant Engineers
        No of licensed (i.e. - authorised)  300 in private practice                            Public institutions may
        cadastral surveyors in the country                                                     act as licensed surveyor
                                                                                               in special cases.

        No of companies that execute         among of 300 licensed surveyors, which are
        cadastral survey in the country      mostly small enterprises, around 30
                                             companies (limited)

        Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
        Advises / consultancy for the     Yes
        landowner
        Cadastral (technical) field       Yes
        measurements
        Marking of parcel corners         Yes (in fact it should be the owners to do it
                                          during the negotiation)
        Validation - getting approval on  ???                                                  This question is very
        cadastral plans from relevant                                                          unclear. What are
        authorities                                                                            updated cadastral
                                                                                               documents? Neighbours
                                                                                               cannot be authorities.???

        Preparation (correction) of          Spatial planning is subjected to the federal
        territorial planning documents       provinces. The big advantage in the Austrian
                                             situation is, that laws require that provinces
                                             build their spatial planning upon the cadastral
                                             map, which is a federal product. This is in
                                             Austria is a very relieable fundament for the
                                             planning system.

        Registration of updated cadastral Cadastre is updated by the Federal Office of
        data to Cadastral database        Metrology and Surveying BEV by ist 41
        Land price valuation              district offices.
                                          Subject to financial authorities. Co-operation
                                             model with BEV for land use and cadastral
        Defining restrictions on land use    map.
                                             ???                                               What is a cadastral
                                                                                               object?




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        Other (not mentioned above)           producing all documents for land registration
                                              or property issues.
        Main reponsibilities (duties) of      None                                             Two types of surveyors in
        upper level surveyor (senior                                                           Austria:
        surveyor or surveyor-expert) if                                                        1. Ingenieurkonsulent für
        such exist                                                                             Vermessungswesen
                                                                                               2. Technical surveyors
                                                                                               (perform no cadastral
                                                                                               surveying)




        Legal framework
        Which laws describe cadastral         Liegenschaftsteilungsgesetz regulates
        surveying?                            competences, Vermessungsgesetz regulates
                                              procedures and interrelationship to public
                                              authorities and agencies, some other laws
                                              regulating competences and interrelationship
                                              between private and public sector.

        Which law (regulation) stipulates     Collection of land registration and cadastral
        a permission or responsibility for    data is regulated in Vermessungsgesetz,
        person executing cadastral            Liegenschaftsteilungsgesetz
        survey?                               Grundbuchsgesetz. German versions see
                                              www.ris.gv.at, www.bev.gv.at

        Which law (regulation) describe       Vermessungsgesetz,
        control and supervision of            Vermessungsverordnung,
        cadastral surveyors?                  Liegenschaftsteilungsgesetz
                                              German version see www.ris.gv.at,
                                              www.bev.gv.at
        Which law (regulation) describe       Ziviltechnikergesetz
        liability of cadastral surveyors?     http://www.arching.at/bund/access_EEA.pdf


        Licensing (authorisation)
        Types of licensed cadastral           Chartered Enginieering Consultant for
        surveyors                             Surveying
        Organisation, which grants a          Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour
        license (certificate)
        Licensing (authorisation)             high education in geodesy + professional
        conditions for applying to a          practice + Licensing examination
        license of cadastral surveyor
        Period of license validity for a      until withdrawal by licensed person (mostly
        cadastral surveyor                    for retirement)
        Minimal requirements for              BAC + 5 years education at university or 4
        education after the secondary         years at Fachhochschule
        school for applying to a license of
        cadastral surveyor
        Minimal duration of education         5 years, except 4 years in Fachhochschule
        after the secondary school for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor




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        Acceptable disciplines after the     only university courses in geodesy
        secondary school for applying to
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Are requirements for a minimal       yes, as regulated in the Austrian bylaw for
        number of hours (credits) of the     geodesy courses.
        acceptable disciplines for
        applying to a license of cadastral
        surveyor?
        Requirements for additional          additional examination after 3 years of
        qualification for applying to a      practice and some extra training on specific
        license of cadastral surveyor        topics as economics, professional law e.a.

        Organistion(s), which are            For private sector: Chambers
        responsible for training and         For public sector: Institutions, to which
        education of cadastral surveyors     person is affiliated.

        Cadastral surveyors certification    only one license
        levels (license types)

        Compulsory period for             3 years
        professional practice applying to
        a license of cadastral surveyor

        Requirements for improving          none for private sector
        qualification of licensed surveyors some CPD for public surveyors, depends on
                                            internal regulations of institutions
        Does compulsory insurance           no
        apply to cadastral surveyor as a
        requirement for a license?

        Supervision
        Organisation (-s), which is          for private sector: the chambers supervise in
        responsible for control of quality   case of complains of clients or colleagues.
        of cadastral surveyors               No regular quality assurance system.
        deliverables and/or supervises       Documents are checked by public offices
        cadastral surrveyors activities
        Frequency of controlling of          before getting system.
                                             no controlling into force.
        cadastral surveyors activities
        Sanctions in case of inapropriate warning by chamber
        cadastral surveyors work quality fines
                                          expelling from chamber or license (very
                                          rarely)

        Liability
        Is cadastral surveyor fully          more or less yes.
        responsible for quality and
        correctness of cadastral data?
        Max. amount, which could be          no maximal amount, depends on damage.
        charged to cadastral surveyor
        against to remedies to third
        parties?
        Minimal requirements for             no compulsory insurance
        compulsory insurance of
        cadastral surveyors activities




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        Max refundable annual amount         figures not available
        of insurance against to remedies
        because of cadastral surveyors
        activities




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Country                             Croatia

           Questions                                  Answers                               Comments

General
Title of cadastral surveyor in      ovlasteni inzenjer geodezije
native language
Operate as individual or within     both                                             The Firms: Office of
juridical person?                                                                    private licensed surveyor,
                                                                                     Joint Office of private
                                                                                     licensed surveyors,
                                                                                     Surveying Company
                                                                                     (juridical person)

Coordinating organisation for the   The Croatian Chamber of Architects and Civil
work of cadastral surveyors         Engineers, The State Geodetic Administration

No of licensed (i.e. - authorised) 638
cadastral surveyors in the country

No of companies that execute                                                   536
cadastral survey in the country

Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
Advises / consultancy for the     yes
landowner
Cadastral (technical) field       yes
measurements
Marking of parcel corners         yes
Validation - getting approval on  no                                                 cadastral office task
cadastral plans from relevant
authorities
Preparation (correction) of       no                                                 responsibility of state or
territorial planning documents                                                       local municipality offices
Registration of updated cadastral no                                                 cadastral office task
data to Cadastral database
Land price valuation                no                                               tax office task

Defining restrictions on land use   no                                               responsibility of state or
                                                                                     local municipality offices
Other (not mentioned above)         Preparation of projects (elaborates) for
                                    registration purposes, collection of necessary
                                    documents and approvals
Main responsibilities (duties) of    responsibility for all cadastral works that is
upper level surveyor (senior         preformed by licensed surveyor or under his
surveyor or surveyor-expert) if      supervision, supervision of cadastral works
such exist                           preformed by other licensed surveyors if they
                                     have special license




Legal framework
Which laws describe cadastral        The Law on State Survey and Real Estate
surveying?                           Cadastre (www.dgu.hr) (www.pravosudje.hr)
Which law (regulation) stipulates    The Law on State Survey and Real Estate
a permission or responsibility for   Cadastre, The Law on Croatian Chamber of
person executing cadastral           Architects and Civil Engineers (www.hkaig.hr)
survey?                              (www.uredjenazemlja.hr)
Which law (regulation) describe      The Law on State Survey and Real Estate
control and supervision of           Cadastre (www.katastar.hr)
cadastral surveyors?
Which law (regulation) describe      The Law on Croatian Chamber of Architects
liability of cadastral surveyors?    and Civil Engineers (www.hkaig.hr)


Licensing (authorisation)
Types of licensed cadastral          private
surveyors
Organisation, which grants a         The Croatian Chamber of Architects and Civil
license (certificate)                Engineers, The State Geodetic Administration

Licensing (authorisation)            Faculty education (dipl.ing.), 3 years of          First for personal
conditions for applying to a         experience, office premises, equipment,            licenses, second for firm
license of cadastral surveyor                                                           licenses
Period of license validity for a     no validity period, licensed persons must fulfil
cadastral surveyor                   obligation about permanent education each
                                     year
Minimal requirements for             Faculty education (dipl.ing.)
education after the secondary
school for applying to a license of
cadastral surveyor
Minimal duration of education       4 years, 3 years                                    Bologna process (3 years)
after the secondary school for
applying to a license of cadastral
surveyor
Acceptable disciplines after the    The Faculty of Geodesy
secondary school for applying to
a license of cadastral surveyor
Are requirements for a minimal       3 years of experience under supervision of
number of hours (credits) of the     one of the Chamber members
acceptable disciplines for
applying to a license of cadastral
surveyor?
Requirements for additional          3 years of experience under supervision of
qualification for applying to a      one of the Chamber members
license of cadastral surveyor
Organistion(s), which are            The Croatian Chamber of Architects and Civil
responsible for training and         Engineers, The State Geodetic
education of cadastral surveyors     Administration, The Faculty of Geodesy,
                                     other organization with programmes for
Cadastral surveyors certification    licensed surveyor                            no licenses for
levels (license types)                                                            technicians except for
                                                                                  those which were
                                                                                  licensed before new
                                                                                  regulation
Compulsory period for                3 years of experience under supervision of
professional practice applying to    one of the Chamber members
a license of cadastral surveyor

Requirements for improving          licenses persons must fulfil obligation about
qualification of licensed surveyors permanent education each year

Does compulsory insurance            yes
apply to cadastral surveyor as a
requirement for a license?

Supervision
Organisation (-s), which is          The Central Office of The State Geodetic
responsible for control of quality   Administration (Geodetic Inspection), State
of cadastral surveyors               Geodetic Administration Cadastral Offices
deliverables and/or supervises       (each elaborate), The Croatian Geodetic
cadastral surveyors activities
Frequency of controlling of          Institute (for special elaborates) of
                                     Each elaborate, Periodical control
cadastral surveyors activities    Geodetic Inspection
Sanctions in case of              Financial punishment, losing license
inappropriate cadastral surveyors temporary, losing license permanently
work quality

Liability
Is cadastral surveyor fully          yes
responsible for quality and
correctness of cadastral data?
Max. amount, which could be          depends of the damage amount, amount of
charged to cadastral surveyor        the damage is determined by court, damage
against to remedies to third         will be covered by insurance company based
parties?                             on agreement, physical persons are liable
                                     with all their property
Minimal requirements for             member of the Chamber, companies have
compulsory insurance of              insurance based on regulation for companies
cadastral surveyors activities
Max refundable annual amount       It is agreement between licensed surveyor
of insurance against to remedies   and insurance company, If licensed surveyor
because of cadastral surveyors     do not have insurance agreement he can not
activities                         be member of the Chamber, for physical
                                   person liability covers all their property

The period while insurance         there is general regulation about financial
covers remedies because of         liability (5 years)
cadastral surveyors activities
Max period while cadastral         for the time been, if cadastral data mast be
surveyors is liable for the        corrected and there is no financial
produced cadastral documents       requirements it will be corrected by private
(data)                             licensed surveyor without time limit
By whom cadastral surveyors        Insurance companies, Based on agreement
could be insured?                  with The Croatian Chamber of Architects and
                                   Civil Engineers, Croatian insurance
                                   companies will cover all remedies which can
                                   be reinsured by foreign insurance companies
Country                             Netherlands

            Questions                                 Answers                        Comments

General
Title of cadastral surveyor in      Landmeter van het Kadaster
native language
Operate as individual or within     Operates within juridical person
juridical person?
Coordinating organisation for the   Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency No licensed surveyors,
work of cadastral surveyors                                                    Agency mandated solely.

No of licensed (i.e. - authorised) 0
cadastral surveyors in the country

No of companies that execute                                                 0
cadastral survey in the country

Tasks / duties of a cadastral surveyor
Advises / consultancy for the     no
landowner
Cadastral (technical) field       yes
measurements
Marking of parcel corners         no
Validation - getting approval on  yes
cadastral plans from relevant
authorities
Preparation (correction) of       no
territorial planning documents
Registration of updated cadastral yes
data to Cadastral database
Land price valuation                no

Defining restrictions on land use   no

Other (not mentioned above)         no

Main reponsibilities (duties) of    not appl
upper level surveyor (senior
surveyor or surveyor-expert) if
such exist




Legal framework
Which laws describe cadastral       Cadastre Act 1992
surveying?
Which law (regulation) stipulates     Cadastre Act 1992
a permission or responsibility for
person executing cadastral
survey?
Which law (regulation) describe       Cadastre Act 1992
control and supervision of
cadastral surveyors?
Which law (regulation) describe       Cadastre Act 1992
liability of cadastral surveyors?

Licensing (authorisation)
Types of licensed cadastral           not appl
surveyors
Organisation, which grants a          not appl
license (certificate)
Licensing (authorisation)             not appl
conditions for applying to a
license of cadastral surveyor
Period of license validity for a      not appl
cadastral surveyor
Minimal requirements for              not appl
education after the secondary
school for applying to a license of
cadastral surveyor
Minimal duration of education         not appl
after the secondary school for
applying to a license of cadastral
surveyor
Acceptable disciplines after the      not appl
secondary school for applying to
a license of cadastral surveyor

Are requirements for a minimal        not appl
number of hours (credits) of the
acceptable disciplines for
applying to a license of cadastral
surveyor?
Requirements for additional           not appl
qualification for applying to a
license of cadastral surveyor
Organistion(s), which are             not appl
responsible for training and
education of cadastral surveyors

Cadastral surveyors certification     not appl
levels (license types)

Compulsory period for                 not appl
professional practice applying to
a license of cadastral surveyor
Requirements for improving          not appl
qualification of licensed surveyors

Does compulsory insurance            not appl
apply to cadastral surveyor as a
requirement for a license?

Supervision
Organisation (-s), which is
responsible for control of quality
of cadastral surveyors
deliverables and/or supervises
cadastral surrveyors activities
Frequency of controlling of
cadastral surveyors activities
Sanctions in case of inapropriate
cadastral surveyors work quality


Liability
Is cadastral surveyor fully          no
responsible for quality and
correctness of cadastral data?
Max. amount, which could be          not appl
charged to cadastral surveyor
against to remedies to third
parties?
Minimal requirements for             not appl
compulsory insurance of
cadastral surveyors activities
Max refundable annual amount         not appl
of insurance against to remedies
because of cadastral surveyors
activities
The period while insurance           not appl
covers remedies because of
cadastral surveyors activities
Max period while cadastral           not appl
surveyors is liable for the
produced cadastral documents
(data)
By whom cadastral surveyors          not appl
could be insured?
Country                                 Belgium

Questions                               Answers
Title of cadastral surveyor in native   1) Expert fiscal (ex géomètre-expert des Finances)
language                                  2) Inspecteur principal d'administration fiscale
                                                          The cadastral surveyors are Civil Servants.




Operate as individual or within         The Belgian Cadastre (after the Reform of the Belgian
juridical person?                       Administration "Surveys and Valuations") is one of the
                                        Administrations of the "Federal Public Service Finance"
                                        (Ministry of Finance)


Coordinating organisation               The Federal Public Service Finance:
                                        The General Administration of the Patrimonial Documentation

No of licensed cadastral surveyors      About 800 Cadastral Civil Servants Surveyor
in the country
No of companies that execute          The "Patrimonial Documentation " Administration of the
cadastral survey in the country       Federal Public Service Finance with Private Sector
                                      Involvement.
                                                             Partner with the Surveyors: By now,
                                      a great number of Private Surveyors (1,050) collaborate with
                                      the Cadastre and this is under the way of an agreement that
                                      they signed to give the swap of information. The Surveyor
                                      has access to the necessary information for the identification
                                      of the parcels that must be surveyed. In exchange for this
                                      information, he transmits to the Cadastre all the information
                                      and a standardized map and this in the context of the plan
                                      CADMAP (digitizing of the cadastral map of parcels). The
                                      second phase of this process of collaboration is a Law taking
                                      in compliance of the Mortgage Law that will impose the
                                      preliminary cadastration before the act transferring the
                                      immovable property and also a map when new boundaries
                                      are created. (See on the right)




Legal framework
Which laws describe cadastral         Arrêté royal du 26/07/1877 portant le règlement pour la
surveying?                            conservation du cadastre (Moniteur belge du 18/08/1877)
                                      Law of 26/07/1877 concerning the updating of the Cadastre
                                      CIR - Code des Impôts sur les Revenus 1992
                                      (Income Tax Code)
                                      Titre IX. Le revenu cadastral des biens immobiliers
                                      (Art. 471 - Art. 504)                                   (Title
                                      IX. Cadastral income of the property)

Which law (regulation) stipulates a   Arrêté royal du 26/07/1877 portant le règlement pour la
permission or responsibility for      conservation du cadastre (Moniteur belge du 18/08/1877)
person executing collection of land   Law of 26/07/1877 concerning the updating of the Cadastre
registration or cadastral data?       CIR - Code des Impôts sur les Revenus 1992
                                      (Income Tax Code)
                                      Titre IX. Le revenu cadastral des biens immobiliers
                                      (Art. 471 - Art. 504)                                   (Title
                                      IX. Cadastral income of the property)

Which law (regulation) describe      The cadastral surveyors are Civil Servants.
control and supervision of cadastral Agreement with the Private Surveyors (control by The
surveyors?                           General Administration of the Patrimonial Documentation)

Which law (regulation) describe       The cadastral Surveyors are Civil Servants
liability of cadastral surveyors?     Agreement with the Private Surveyors (control by The
                                      General Administration of the Patrimonial Documentation)

Licensing
Types of licensed cadastral           Civil Servants
surveyors                             Agreement with the Private Surveyors
Organisation, which grants a         The Administration for the agreements
license (certificate)
Licensing conditions                 /
Period of license validity           Agreements (see "Partner with the Surveyor")
Minimal requirements for education   Bachelors Degree or comparable "Surveyor"
after the secondary school           Number of Universities/Institutions: 10
                                     Duration of the program: BAC + 3 years
                                     Masters Degree "Engineer Surveyor"
                                     Number of Universities/Institutions: 7
                                     Duration of the program: BAC + 5 years
                                     "Geomatics Engineer"
                                     Number of Universities/Institutions: 3
                                     Duration of the program: BAC + 5 years

Minimal duration of education after BAC + 3 years
the secondary school
Acceptable disciplines for becoming Mathematics, Topography, Law, Appraisal,…
a cadastral surveyor of education
after the secondary school

Are requirements for a minimal       /
number of hours (credits) of the
acceptable disciplines?
Requirements for additional          /
qualification
Organistion(s), which are            The National School of Finance (ENF)
responsible for training and
education of cadastral surveyors

Cadastral surveyors certification    /
levels (license types)
Compulsory terms for professional    /
practice
Requirements for improving           /
qualification
Does compulsory insurance apply      No
to cadastral surveyor as a
requirement for license?

Operational requirements
Main reponsibilities (duties) of     Appraisal (with a Mathematic Model)
cadastral surveyor                        Survey of the cadastral parcels
Main reponsibilities (duties) of     Appraisal (with a Mathematic Model)
upper level surveyor (senior              Survey of the cadastral parcels
surveyor or surveyor-expert) if such          Management
exist

Supervision
Organisation (-s), which is             The Federal Public Finance (General Administration of the
responsible for control of quality of   Patrimonial Documentation)
cadastral surveyors deliverables
and/or supervises cadastral
surrveyors activities
Frequency of controlling of             Permanent
cadastral surveyors activities
Sanctions in case of inapropriate       /
cadastral surveyors work quality

Liability
Is cadastral surveyor fully             The cadastral surveyors are Civil Servants of The General
responsible for quality and             Administration of The Federal Public Service Finance
correctness of cadastral data?
Max. amount, which could be             The cadastral surveyors are Civil Servants of The General
charged to cadastral surveyor           Administration of The Federal Public Service Finance
against to remedies to third parties?

Minimal requirements for                The cadastral surveyors are Civil Servants of The General
compulsory insurance of cadastral       Administration of The Federal Public Service Finance
surveyors activities
Max refundable annual amount of         The cadastral surveyors are Civil Servants of The General
insurance against to remedies           Administration of The Federal Public Service Finance
because of cadastral surveyors
activities
The period while insurance covers       /
remedies because of cadastral
surveyors activities
Max period while cadastral              /
surveyors is liable for the produced
cadastral documents (data)

How cadastral surveyors could be        /
insured?
Comments
Historical Outline of Cadastral System
The creation of the Belgian Cadastre comes
from France. During the French Revolution,
the "Constituante" (the Constituante
Assembly) decided in 1790-1791, the
creation of the General Cadastre and the
Land Tax. The "Constituante Assembly"
gave rules of conduct for:
              - the preliminary operation;
                - the overall view;
                  - the survey of the parcels of
land;                - the fixation of the borders
town (communes);
       - and for the triangulation of the
communes. With the Napoleonic
conquests, the Belgian areas became a part
of France and a French Cadastre was
created for the Belgian areas. Napoleon
said "A good cadastre of the parcels will be
the complement of my Civil Code".
  (See below)




After Waterloo (1815) and during the
periode with the Netherlands, the cadastral
works continued. The cadastral work was
finished (with the Luxembourg District), after
the creation of the independent Belgium, in
1843.
The third phase will be a Law that will
impose for each act transferring the
immovable property, a "boundary markings
plan" made by a Surveyor. This "boundary
markings plan" will identify the cadastral
parcels.
    Partner with the Notaries (project
under construction): The Administration is
also orientated towards collaboration with
the Notaries. The Notary is the writer of the
deed and it is logic that he makes also the
analysis of the deed. So the updating of the
juridical documentation respects the
common intention of the parties.
Romania

Answers Commen
          ts


            Natural
            licensed
            persons
            (PFA)
            and legal
            licensed
            persons
            (PJA)
Persaoane fizice autorizate (PFA) and persoane juridice autorizate (PJA)
They can
operate
as
indivisuals
 or
whithin
juridical
persons
National
Agency
for
Cadastre
and Land
Registrati
on / Local
Office for
Cadastre
and Land
Registrati
on

5400 (as
to March
20th
2007)
620 (as
to March
20th
2007)


Yes
Yes
Yes            Performed
                only
               following
               the
               owners'
               request
Yes
No
No
Yes            Surveyor
               needs to
               have a
               special
               license
No
yes            Carries
               works in
               the fields
               of
               cadastre,
               geodesy
               and
               mapping
Verificatio
n of
works in
the fiels
of
cadastre,
geodesy
and
mapping.
Regulatio
ns on
verificatio
n activities



Law no.    www.ancp
7/1996     i.ro
republishe
d and
Law no.
16/2007
 Law no.   Starting
16/2007    from
           March
           20th
           2007, the
           newly
           establishe
           d Order
           of
           Surveyors
            will be in
           charge
           for
           licensing
           legal/natur
           al
           persons,
           and also
           controlling
            their
           activity

Law no.    The
16/2007    Order of
           Surveyors
            is going
           to issue
           Norms to
           detail the
           activity
           and
           responsibi
           lities
Law no.
16/2007
For PFA
(natural
persons)
cathegorie
s A,B, C,
D For
PJA
(legal
persons)
types: I,
II, III (at
present).
Law
16/2007
does not
make
provisions
 for
different
types of
licensing
After
March
20th 2007
by The
Surveyors
 Order
University (graduate
           s from
           specialise
           d
           vocational

           secondary
             school,
           or
           graduates
             from
           vocational
             high
           school,
           having 7
           years of
           profession
           al
           experienc
           e have to
           pass an
           examinati
           on to
           prove
           their
           knowlege)
           ;
           applicatio
           n for
           licensing
           submitted
           to the
Not        Surveyors
establishe
d
University graduates
            from
           University
           should
           have 2
           years
           practice
           under
           supervisio
           n of a
           licensed
           surveyor
3 or 5
years
Not
specified
Not
specified
Not
specified
University
not
specified -
 licenced
surveyor

2 years       the
              University
              graduate
              should
              practice
              his/her
              profession
               under
              the
              supervisio
              n of a
              licenced
              surveyor

not
specified
No


ANCPI /       National /
OCPI and      Local
the Order     Cadastre
of            offices
Surveyors
Not
specified
Fine or
Suspensio
n


Yes
Not
specified
not
specified
yet
Not
establishe
d
Not
establishe
d
lifetime
Not
establishe
d
Answers Commen
          ts

								
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