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					An Overview of The Indian Environment 2006
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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

armoogum@sawmy.net

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

• Design a Market Entry strategy in a three dimensional environment of Multicultural , Multi-castes, Multi-Gods ..

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

• Learn to implement a channel strategy for foreign capital investors

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

• Exchange (Export , Exhibition , Exile , Excommunication..)
• Exchange of goods , services , Know-how

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

• Exchange Integrating environmental culture ( No two countries exchange according to the same standard)

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • Exchange Principles of negotiation (Bartering is based on mutual understanding of reciprocal needs does not necessarily integrate the phenomenon of intercultural Negotiation)

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

• BUSINESS A Compilation of the Above

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • BUSINESS For the sake of making Profit, Acquiring Know-how Market conquest , Expanding, Innovating, Acquiring a competitive edge , Creating Jobs..
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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • BUSINESS Finally to Gain Power? Industrial: Airspace industry Servicing: Foods and Beverages Financial : Banks merging Media: CNN, TPS Political : Berlusconi , G.Bush
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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • Internship at Indian companies : Torrent pharmaceutical, Delhi, Walton Exports Bombay, Drâger medical instrument, Bombay Pizza Hut ,Madras Terre des Hommes , Tieuvannamalai
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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • Internship reports Report from Madhu Chandan Report from Sandrine Tran A Report from Maurice Abouaf Report from Severine Cappalaere Report from Sujata Chetty

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • Relationship with Indian University Three Students exchange between Institute of Management Technology , Ghaziabad and Negosup,

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • Principles of Culture as foundations to economic development and technology growth based on the „STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM‟ as inspired by M.K Gandhi

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

• INDIA A multicultural vector expanding in the world market with confrontation to the three blocs China , European Union, United States)

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES 1)European Union failed to elaborate a final constitution to Admit Turkey 2)America‟s dictate over the world irrespective of UN Recommendations, WTO regulations or Kyoto protocol 3)Asia China‟s hegemony of low cost products
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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES In doing Business in India, The focus • Culture Environment • Free practice of Religions • Technology development

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • WHY in India • WHEN is the opportunity,

• WHAT segment of Business,
• WHERE to focus the strategy • WHICH is the company
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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • Cross Road of Vedic and Abrahamic religions • Indian Union with Federal states and Territories • Rural and Urban segmentation • High-tech Globalisation and Village Tech regionalisation

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES • India self sufficiency • Economic principle of state intervention in a free trade market • New business practices under liberal pressure and WTO regulations
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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

• Political and Religious unrest, Social and Economic instability.

• Multiple borders vulnerability, Open to invasion and terrorist attacks.
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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

• Environmental turbulence (climate , Sanitary, Pollution) • The 26th December 2004 Tsunami in the Bay of Bengal causing calamity along the Coast of Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry, Madras , Kerala..
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• Alexander the great(335BC) Through Middle East Phrygia(333 BC) , Persia and Buddhist India to finally die on his return. • Saint Thomas 52 AD died in Tamil Nadu , devastated by the Bay of Bengal Tsunami.on 26th December 2004.
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• Arabs reached Sind in the 8th Century • Ottoman Empire through Afghanistan 12th century • Marco Polo 1254 -1324 along the silk Route. , stopped in South India in 1297 , did not die in India?
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• Vasco Da Gamma Trip to Calicut 1498 and conquest of East India in 1502 to finally died on his return 1524 • Jewish Settlers in Cochin , The Sassoon dynasty in Bombay

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DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA OUTLINES

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• States • Territories

28 07

• Districts
• Villages

500
550- 600.000

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Population Evolution
Figaro Economie 16th January 2004

1000 980 960 940 920 900 880 1995 1998 2001 2002 Pop Millions 932 982 1000 1000

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•

Trend of Undernourished people in the world From 920 Million to 798 Million
1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1969- 1979- 1990- 1995- 199971 81 92 97 2001

In Millions

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• Population

One billion

• Density 250 -300 people/km² (France 100 people/km²) • group Age(15-60) 60%

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• Languages

18

Indo-Aryan languages mostly of Northern origin : +10 Dravidian languages of Southern Origin: 4
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• From North along the Himalayen Border of 3200km and the River Ganges:
Sino Himalayen Nepal/Bhutan population and land of Buddha

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• From North East/East along the Bay of Bengal :
The land of Nobel prize winner R.Tagore and the Orissa population.

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• From tropical South along the Bay of Bengal , Indian Ocean and Arabian coast roundabout of the three Seas: Land of famous Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan and population of the Dravidian origin
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• From West facing the Arabian sea and the Arabian Golf:
The Natal Territory of the Apostle of Non-violence M.K. Gandhi and the Marathi population
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Hindu 82% Islam 12% Sikhs 2% Christian 2% Buddhist .. 2%

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• Birth Abrahamic Religions from Chaldée to Medina • Judaism : Abraham in search of the promised land chased away from Chaldée-Mesopotamia, Jewish religion reached India,
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• Christianity : Christ , the saviour, born to save mankind , Saint Thomas introduced Christianity in India right in the First Century AD.

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Islam : Mahomet , heard the voice of Archangel Gabriel besieging him to unify his people against the impostors of Mecca, Muhammed of Ghazni ,Afghani Prince, brought Islam to the North India in 11th AD.
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• VEDIC Religions born along the silk and Spice Route • Hinduism The Pantheon , the cycle of Reincarnation and the Varna system of caste (Approx: 1800BC to 500BC)
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• Jainism Ahimsa , theory of Non-violence as preached by Guru Mahavira in the 6th Century BC.

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• Buddhism The Four noble truths(Suffering, Origin of Suffering, Cessation of suffering,Way leading to cessation of suffering) and the achievement of our union into the supreme bliss (Nirvana) in the 6th Century BC.
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• Sikhism Belief in One God and in the cycle of Reincarnation , at the junction of Hinduism , Islam and Sufism under Guru Nanak in 15th Century.

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• Sikhism Poet Kabir , too, influenced the Sikhism in the 15th Century as mentioned in their Holy book “Guru Grant Sahib”.

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• The Zoroastrian Originated from the old religion of Ahura Mazda in Persia , belief in the Sun as creator of the Universe. Atharvam Zarathustra reformed the Indian Principles of Polytheist, Caste and race 47 inequality

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• First Bases of Hinduism: Holy Scriptures :The Upanishads: ( The master in an UP position receiving the pupil in a down (NI) posture sitting(SHAD) at his feet.

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Five Groups of Upanishads : The Vedanta ( Who Am I) Yoga ( Detachment) Sanyas ( Asceticism) Vishnu ( Preservation) Shiva ( Destruction) Translated by Antequil Duperron, A. Schopenhauer,.Max Muller...
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The Vedanta Upanishads are regrouped into 10 major books. Abstract of one Allegory in the Chandogya Book: We cannot see the salt which is dissolved in water but we can taste its presence. So is the Supreme, we do not perceive Him but He is present in us.
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• Second Bases of Hinduism Epics of glory to historical persons 1)Mahabharata (War against the self) Peter Brook staged it in Avignon in 1984 and at Bouffe du Nord 1985.
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• 2)Bhagavad Gita (The principles of self detachment as a Yoga discipline) The Dialogue between the Warrior and his coachman who is the voice of God. In 1888 in England , MK Gandhi was inspired by the same dialogue to advocate the principle of Satygraha.(Quest for Truth) 52

3)Ramayana ( The triumh of Righteousness , Dharma) Performed as classical dances where Indians diaspora is settled , like Jog Jakarta in Indonesia , unfortunately struck by the terrible earthquake of 26th Dec. 2004
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• Varna System, The Forward Castes (4) (Castus =Pure , no mixture) 1)Brahmin (The Clergy ,depositor of Spiritual knowledge from the Vedas , professionally Liberal )

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Varna System, The Forward Castes 2)Kshatriya (The Administrators of the kingdoms of India and warriors to guarantee the sovereignty of the mother land , Arjuna the hero of Mahabharata was Kshatriya)
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Varna System, The Forward Castes 3)Vaishas (The Agricultural manpower and the traders in a Mercantilist system)

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Varna System, The Backward Caste 4)Shudras ( The specialised manual Workers of Wood , Pottery , hewers of stone ,blacksmith , Street hawkers, )

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The Scheduled caste , (25% of the Population) The Pariahs being renamed the Underprivileged Caste after having been Gandhi‟s Harijans, Children of God. The Dalits the exploited mass of cheap labour.
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The Schedules Caste The unclassified population of Untouchables made to become second rate citizens by offering their unskilled labour in jobs like animal slaughter, leather treatment, street scavenging, corpse burial….
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• The scheduled caste Their cause is defended by 1)Poonam Devin saved from life sentence by Irene Frein,was later assassinated in defending her cause),

2)Noble prize Amartya Sen,
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• The scheduled caste 3)By Author Arundhati Roy,

4)By Freedom Fighter Medha Patkar 5) By the Apostle of non-violence MK Gandhi 61

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• SHRENI Thirty six (36) Overlapping of Castes and Trades

Whatever the original castes be , the economic environment has regrouped people of the same trade to be united together and gain more material benefits.
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• The driving profession can be practised by any of the four castes , • Medical professionals have no specific caste origin , • The new technology boom drags in know-how from any qualified person.
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• A Brahmin priest may come from a poor family of any SHRENI. • The head of the army is not a chosen among the Kshatriya (Warriors) , • MK Gandhi, father of the Indian nation, was a Vaisha (Trading)
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• Independent on 15 August 1947
• Constitution of 26th Nov: 1949 • Indian Republic 26th Jan: 1950

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• The Modern Clauses for a young Nation No 14 : Equality before Law No 15: Prohibition of Discrimination on grounds of religion, Race,Sex or Caste (Parity Law introduced in France 66 in 1998)

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No 16: Equal opportunities in matter of public employment No 17:Abolition of „Untouchability‟ (Anti-racist laws in France)

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• No 18: Abolition of Titles (France did it in 1792 at the fall of the Monarchy of Louis XVI, beheaded 21st January 1793 at place de la Guillotine)

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• First lesson of a Secular
Secular Democracy in a Hindu land under Nehru, similar to Turkey turning Secular in a Muslim land in 1923 under Mustapha Kemal, AtaTurk
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• Federal Union govt. based on Federal elections (Similar to Congress US)
• Parties are declared National when they are present in more than 4 local states Ex. Congress, BJP, Communist
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• Local State govt. Based on Local state elections • State Parties represent their own States: Dravidian Munnetra in Madras, Shiv Sena in Bombay, Telegu Desam in Hyderabad, Muslim League in Kerala, All-India Forward Bloc Calcutta
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• At Union Level Lok Sabha : House of people 545 Members including 2 Anglo-Indians (Similar to UK House of commons, to US House of representatives, to FR Assemblée Nationale)
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Rajya Sabha: • 245 Members , 233 elected by members of the Local State Legislative Assembly + 12 nominated by the president, Renewed by 1/3 every 2 years (FR Senate House elected by Grand Electors renewed 1/3 every 3 years) 73

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• The Union Executive President , Abdul Kallam, head of the Executive, elected by Houses of Parliament and State Assemblies but has to take advice from the Prime Minister .

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• French 4th republic pattern The Indian executive is based on the same Pattern as the French 4th Republic until the referendum held by De Gaulle of 1962 entrusting the president with full executive power alongside a prime minister of his choice not necessarily voted by universal suffrage. 75

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• Indian Prime Minister Manmohun Singh chosen on 22nd May 2004 on the recommendation of Italian born Sonia Gandhi. • French Prime Minister Mr Geogres Pompidou, was called in office in 1962 by the president De Gaulle ,though he was never an elected member of Parliament, became President later. 76

• The president delegates Governors to represent him in the State, however they are advised by the State chief Minister . The President administers the 7 Territories.
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• The president proclaims State of emergency as was done at the time of Mrs Indira Gandhi in the 75‟s to arrest opposition leaders.

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. (French Article 16 of the 1958 constitution was used by De Gaulle to declare state of Emergency in 1962 to legally declare the military Putsch Of Salan , Jouhaud and Chale as an act of Treason against the republic )
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• The president „s vice-president is Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. (In France, the president of the Senate house is by constitution the Vice president of the republic and steps in office in case of vacancy..)
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• It happened in 1969 upon De Gaulle‟s resignation from Office and upon Pompidou‟s death in 1974 the then President.

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• Parliament legislates on the Union LIST 1:Defence, foreign affairs , Currency, Income taxes

• State Legislates on the State LIST 2: Public Order,Public Health, Communications,sales tax
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• Parliament and State on Concurrent LIST 3: Price, Criminal Law, Electricity

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• At National level Supreme court with Chief Judge and 25 judges, Dispute between Union and States (US supreme court V/S Florida supreme court in 2000 presidential elections Al Gore/G.Bush dual),
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• At National level 1)To Enforce fundamental rights (In Fr. Conseil Constitutionnel rejected the Regional project of Corsica as presented by the Socialist Govt in 2000).

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2)The Appellate courts to interpret the constitution (In Fr. Conseil d‟Etat )

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• At State Level High courts jurisdiction divided into Judicial districts presided by district and sessions judge Civil Jurisdiction Criminal Judiciary
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Appellate courts

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• India has developed High Tech in the Silicon valley (Bombay, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Madras, Kerala)
• India has kept to her traditional village technology as advocated by Gandhi
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• Women are recognised equal rights by the constitution • They have gained political power (Prime Minister of India Late Mrs Indira Gandhi or Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Mrs Jayalalithaa )
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• They participate in professional life on equal terms (Head of banks , Ambassadors in France) • They have become defenders of social minorities

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• They have built up civil associations to fight Globalisation at the last Bombay Forum January 2004 World Known Novel writer Indian Arundhati Roy and Iranian Nobel prize Winner Chirine Ebady supported the movement.
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Doing Business in India

A solid Indian structure for a prosperous India

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Doing Business in India

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•

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Gross Domestic Product In Billion $
1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 China 30-May-09 1240 India 502 Brazil 450 Russia 350
94

GDP Billion $

•

ECONOMIC GROWTH INDIA 5,5% , 4,4%, 7,0% , 9,0%
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 2001 5,5%
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Eco Growth

2002 4,4 %

2003 7%

2004 9%
95

Gross Domestic Product per industry in terms of %
60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2002 GDP
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Agriculture Industrial Servicing

1995 GDP
96

G.D.P GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT Realised Year 2002 : 502,4 Billion $ Forecast Year 2004: 576,8 Billion $ (P.I.B. Produit Intérieur Brut) 2002 AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY SERVICES
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1995 28,2% 28,1% 43,7% (Growing Faster)
97

22, 8 % 26 % 51,2 %

GDP growth per Inhabitant $
1995 380
2002 480

1998 420

2000 470

2002 480

2000 470

1998 420

1995 380
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100

200

300

400

500

600

98

• High Income :10/15% ( Industrial,Business) • Mid-Income (3 Subgroups:60/70% (High Tech, Freelance, SME )

• Lower Income :20/30% (Unskilled & Cheap labour)
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• Annual Income of some classes 100 Million people at +1400$ /Y

300 million People at +700$/Y
Rest at approx. 470 $/Year

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• NCAER Sources (National Council of Applied Economic Research)
Analysis of Consumer Classes, a plausible market in terms of households where one household represents approx. 6 persons
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• Rural Area : 70%-75% (72,6%) of the population representing 50% of the volume of consumption
• Urban Area: 20-25% (27,6%)of the population consuming the other 50%
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•
• • • • • •

PLAUSIBLE MARKET SIZE IN 2007 Group Income/y 2001 2007 Growth Family Family Rich > 215kRs 2.0M 6.2M 210% Consumers >45kRs 54.6M 90.9M 66% Climbers >22kRs 71.6M 74.1M 7% Aspirants >16kRs 28.1M 15.3M -55% Destitute <16kRs 23.4M 12.9M -55% Total 179.7M 199.2M 10%
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PLAUSIBLE MARKET SIZE Urban/Rural 2007 • Group Income/y % Urban % Rural • • • • • Rich Consumers Climbers Aspirants Destitute
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> 215kRs >45kRs >22kRs >16kRs <16kRs

65 50 35 15 15

35 50 65 85 85
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India attracts Investment • Consumer Market Growing over 400M consumers • Parliamentary Democracy • History of Market economy since Rajiv Gandhi (1984)
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• Manufacturing activities all over India ( 6 times larger than France)
• Large pools of Know-how • Respect of WTO norms and standards
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• Economic Profile geared towards Private Investments Ann. Gross Domestic Product: 6% to 10% depending on sector whereas China is growing at above 10% Inflation: 3.8 % to 4.8% in 2004
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• Parity Purchase ( 5th Purchasing power) 1 Euro buys a refilled vegetarian Thali (25Rs), an Ice Kulfi (15 Rs) , a Tea (5 Rs) a Rickshaw Trip (10 Rs) to your Guest House This is a 25 Euro bill in France .
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• Market Corridor Location North: Delhi - Chandigarh North.East: Allahabad West : South: East:
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Bombay- Baroda Hyderabad , BangaloreMadras-Cochin Calcutta-Nepal
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• Foreign Direct Investment Up to 51% in Tourism,Hotels, Restaurants, petrochemicals..

Up to 100% in IT sector • Foreign Institution Investment Up to 74 % in Pension Funds, Mutual funds,Investment Funds
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•

120

100 80 Balance Imports Exports

60 40

20 0 1999- 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2000
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• India Tariff Lines 11.000 out of which 66% offered to market access

• Article XVIII of GATT regulations and Under US pressure India was compelled to release all Items by April 2001

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• However , at Cancun 2003 , India refused the US agricultural project for the third world,

• In 2004 , India sues US for the Anti-Dumping Taxes (If a country protects dumping, US suggested Taxes to be imposed)
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India gained that through Article XX of WTO restricts certain products , animals ,plants..

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• Imports /exports of India(1999) Imports Exports • US 4572M$ 746M$

• UK
• FR

767M$
433M$

1545M$
96,3M$

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• Investments(Y. 2000) in Food • US 1260M$

• UK
• FR

9,84M$
53,0 M$

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• Demand for general products -Home Appliances -Entertainment and Gifts -Food and beverages -Casual Wear , Footwear -Healthcare , Pharmaceutics -New technology- PC‟s,electronic
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• Fast Moving Consumer Goods Durable Goods Products Refrigerator Coffee TV(b/w,Colour) Biscuits Washing Machine Toilet soap Pressure cooker Toothpaste Water Heater Talcum Pwder Mixer,Grinder Hair oil,Shamp Scooter,Moto Razor Blade
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• Pilgrimage Sites (Mass Moving Consumer Goods) as practised in Lourdes,Rome ,Jerusalem,Mecca -Benares Ghats: On the Ganges

-Hardwar :Holy Banks of Ganges
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• Pilgrimage Sites -Badrinath :Sources of Ganges -Tirupati : Darshan rituals -Rameshwaram : Rama‟s departure -Nagga Patinam : 3 Religions meet (To-day ,victims of the 26th.12.04 Tsunami) 120

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• The Gurukulas (Customised Oriented products for religious devotees ) Tiruvanmallai: Sw. Ramana Bangalore: Hare Krishna Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Quillon : Sri Amrita Nanda Mayi Calcutta : Sw. Ramakrishna Rishikesh : Sw. Sivananda
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•

Districts

150 Class A 78% of Market

150 class B 15% of market
200 Class C 7% of market (40% of geographical share in East,N.East, Central regions)
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• Villages 600.000 • Retail Outlets per village : 6 shops
• No of outlets 3.600.000

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• Market Tendency • URBAN will double the Upper and Middle class • RURAL Lower will expand rapidly: 75% of the population 33% of the national Income
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• 1)Urban and Rural SPECIFICS • Urban claims Modernity, Western Values , • Rural Claims simplicity, agricultural values

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• 2)Urban and Rural SPECIFICS • Urban claims leisure , wealth

• Rural Basic living , health, water, Electricity

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• 3)Urban and Rural SPECIFICS • Urban claims Family control, few children • Rural claims large family respecting Indian traditions

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• A geographic Approach in terms of an Area within a state , within urban/rural

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• A Demographic approach Towards a specific population in terms of Age, Sex , purchasing power

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• A Psycho-graphic Approach In terms of the caste , class , religious sensitivity, local emotions

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• Global marketing A national strategy for Standard Products (Cigarettes, Drinks , fast Food.)

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• Area Marketing • Targeting Regional specifics (Film Entertainment in Bombay, Open air restaurants in the South, Household appliances in the East, Warm clothes in the North)

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• A Niche marketing • Choose one product to hit one target (Yves Rocher Cosmetics in the 5 ***** hotels)

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• Customisation Marketing Choose a class of customer and adapt to their needs (Home chocolate for birthday parties) (Continental Breakfast for Business men)
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• Cannibalisation Marketing Develop one emerging sector against the one already matured (Video Camera against Film Camera) (Fast Food against three course lunch restaurant)
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• A Channel Marketing 1)Buy equity in Indian established market leaders (FDI) 2)Choose joint venture with Indian government and Partners 3)Transfer to Local management and local consulting 4)Negotiate with Indian distribution network
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Room to expand in the Indian Market

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• PART III Evaluating and Managing Risks

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The Tsunami of the Bay of Bengal

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• Political 1)Domination of Indian Politics by Congress Party of Mrs Gandhi, 2)Coup d‟état , State of emergency as declared by Mrs Gandhi in the 75‟s
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• Political 3)Then Conglomerate of small parties creating instability, 4)Now a ruling Hindu nationalist party BJP (alliance between extremes and Modern ), defeated in the May election.
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• Political 5)State election in Jammu and Kashmir , causing hundreds of assassination, 6)President delegates a governor to represent the Indian union and to proclaim State of emergency (Art 16 French Constitution),
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• Political 7)Protectionism ( Monroe Doctrine in US , so suggested Prince Charles in UK , José Bové in France)

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• Religious 1)By constitution , India is a secular democracy , free exercise of religions in a Multi-God system, 2)However, Muslim/Hindu Clashes are still on going( The Ayodya site by Hindus, The Gujerat train by Muslims)
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• Religious 3)The Hindu/ Christian priest killings, 4)The Muslim / Christian church killings in Pakistan with repercussion in India,
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• Religious 5)The Hindu/Buddhist in Sri Lanka with repercussion in Chennai (assassination of Ex-prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1991)

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• Strike 1)Mostly led by opposing political parties : Formerly Communist Party , now by Trade unions.., 2)Sit-in protest against unfair rule, a heritage from the Dandy walk of Gandhi,
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• Strike 3)Revolt against Children‟s work, a new phase of slavery (similar practice observed in China and Pakistan)? European Union is trying to control this situation but too complicated.
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• Mis-management 1)Corruption and Bribes , a business practice (Case of Defence Minister negotiating arms deal on exchange of „pot-de Vin‟ as in the case of Fregate de Taiwan),

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• Mis-management 2)Recruiting in the family clan, (Co-optation)

3)Procedure of Bankruptcy , Is the International monetary fund intervening like in Indonesia , Mexico, Argentina?
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• Prestigious Investment 1)Bombay Manhattan Skyscrapers replica,

2)Ahmedabad industries, a Manchester industrial complex, 3)Hyderabad Cybercity, a silicon valley replica,
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• Prestigious Investment 4)Bangalore Scanner Hospital

5)Delhi Connaught Commercial centre 6) Madras Spencer plaza
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• Foreign Direct Investment 1)Check FDI in Private sectors or semi governmental sectors? 2) A joint venture With Government or local enterprises? 3)Repatriation of Dividend
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• Non- observance of Regulations 1)No strict rule on Patent delivery 2)Dumping of products in the market from black economy ( France/Italy black economy rate is about 30%),
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• Inobservance of Regulations 3)Fiscal evasion ( breaking the Tax laws through Black economy) 4) Fiscal avoidance (Running business from a Tax free country like Luxembourg)
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• Finance 1)Is it a „laisser-Faire‟ system as it was with the feudal lords of Afganistan before Afgani was introduced or with Argentina before the dollar currency.

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• Finance 2)What is the position of Central Bank of India( Is it very similar to BCE , Banque Centrale Eur.)

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• Transportation 1)State of technology Road (No Highways, No speed limit)

2) State of technology Rails (Largest network but obsolete, train derailment is quite often)

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158

• Country Risks 1)Open Borders with China , Pakistan, Nepal .., 2) Within easy reach by Sea from Sri Lanka or Golf Countries, 3)Terrorist attacks from Kashmiri, Sikh, Assamese, Nagalite population (Attack Bombay August 2003)
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• Monsoon 1)Heavy Rains destroying infrastructure: Road , rails , electricity Poles , Houses 2)Generates Tough Sanitary conditions

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3)However creates conditions for crops growing , fishing and new environment 160

From 26th December 2004 • The Tsunami Tidal Wave of fatality causing Death , Misery and Misfortune to a population of 2 billion people.

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161

Do not Trespass • Religious habits(Holy places)

• Food habits(Meat Taboos)
• Dress habits (No exhibition)

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Do not Trespass • Holy Sadhus roaming in India

• People‟s holy rights to Beg
• Women‟s rights and privileges

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163

• WRITTEN TEST A three-hour individual assignment based on on elaborating a market Entry strategy to enter India

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164


				
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posted:5/31/2009
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