Shakespeare_Life_and_Times.ppt - William “The Bard” Shakespeare by pengxiang

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									William “The Bard”
   Shakespeare
    Life and Times
             Shakespeare the Man
   Born (approximately) April 23,
    1564, in Stratford-upon-Avon. AND
    WHAT’S TODAYS DATE?!
    AWESOME!
   Son of John Shakespeare, a glove-
    maker and leading townsman, and
    Mary Arden, a farmer’s daughter.
   Studied Latin and Classical culture
    (evident in his writings).
   Married Anne Hathaway at age 18;
    gave birth to 8 children.
   Left for London around 1586; acted
    and wrote there for most of his life.
   Fun Fact: Anne Hathaway was             Shakespeare’s birthplace in
    eight years older than Shakespeare         Stratford-upon-Avon
    and three months pregnant when
    they got married…an Elizabethan
    taboo.
Shakespeare the Actor,
  Playwright, and Poet

   Wrote and acted for the
    Lord Chamberlain’s Men,
    later called the King’s Men
    under James I.
   Produced 37 plays
    (tragedies, histories, and
    comedies) and 154
    sonnets.
   Performed predominantly
    in the Globe Theatre in
    London.
   Retired in 1610 and
    returned to Stratford.
The First Folio
   Published in 1623, this
    contains 36 of Shakespeare’s
    plays. It is the first, and
    generally most definitive,
    collection of Shakespeare’s
    plays.
   Compiling the Folio required
    collecting and reviewing
    earlier editions of plays,
    actors’ prompts and notes,
    and drafts—Shakespeare was
    not present to verify the
    result.
   228 (of approx. 1000) First
    Folios are still in existence.
    The largest collection, 79
    volumes, is housed in the
    Folger Library in Washington,
    D.C.
Shakespeare’s London
           During Elizabeth’s reign,
            London’s population would
            reach 200,000. It was a
            growing, economically and
            culturally rich city.
           Challenges: the plague,
            religious conflict, strict social
            hierarchy.
           Theatre-going society. All
            social classes attended—from
            the aristocracy to the
            working-class and often
            vulgar “groundlings.”
       The Theatre, Julius Caesar
   First printed edition: 1597
    (pirated). Written during the
    period when Shakespeare was
    writing his sonnets.
   Evidence suggests that the play
    was often performed by
    Shakespeare’s company during his
    lifetime.
   The Lord Chamberlain’s Men
    performed a different play every
    day—theatre was thus very
    different from the way we know it
    today.
   Major differences: all-male
    companies, minimal props.
                Sources
 “Othello” playbook. Shakespeare’s Globe
  Theatre. 2007. 4-6.
 http://www.shakespeare.org.uk/
 http://www.rsc.org.uk/
 http://www.folger.edu/
 “Google” image search,
  http://images.google.com
        Break-Out Session!
 Quick! Get in groups of 3!
 Raise your hand once your group is
  together. I will give you 1 artifact and
  “Investigative Report.”
 Spend 10 minutes analyzing your artifact
  and writing 1 group report.
 Be prepared to present your findings.

								
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