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For the Act to apply, the following requirements must be met:
- A supplier, by means of a threat, a promise or an agreement, influences upward, or
discourages the reduction of, the prices charged or advertised by another business that is
either a customer of that supplier, or a competitor.
- A supplier refuses to supply a product to, or discriminates against, another person
because of that other person’s low pricing policy; and/or
- Any person, as a condition of doing business with a supplier, induces that supplier to
refuse to supply a product to another person because of that other person’s low pricing
policy; and
- The conduct described above has had, is having or is likely to have an adverse effect on
competition in a market.

The Bureau recognizes that some desirable business transactions require explicit
restraints on competition to make them efficient or even possible. As a result, the
Competition Act provides an "ancillary restraints defence" to ensure that strategic
alliances or other types of legitimate collaborations between competitors are not treated
as criminal offences.
To qualify for this defence, the agreement must be:
"ancillary" to a broader or separate agreement that includes the same parties;
directly related to and reasonably necessary for giving effect to the objective of the
broader or separate agreement; and,
the broader agreement must itself be legal.

Scamstoppers :Under the civil regime, the general provision prohibits all materially false
or misleading representations. Other provisions specifically prohibit performance
representations that are not based on adequate and proper tests, misleading warranties and
guarantees, false or misleading ordinary selling price representations, untrue, misleading
or unauthorized use of tests and testimonials, bait and switch selling, and the sale of a
product above its advertised price. The promotional contest provisions prohibit contests
that do not disclose required information.

Scamstoppers Marketing

Section 45 is the cornerstone cartel provision of the Competition Act. It makes it a
criminal offence when two or more competitors or potential competitors conspire, agree
or arrange to fix prices, allocate customers or markets, or restrict output of a product.
This offence is known as a conspiracy, and is punishable by a fine of up to $25 million,
or imprisonment for a term of up to 14 years, or both.

OTTAWA, May 5, 2010 — The Competition Bureau is warning businesses and not-for-
profit organizations across the country to be wary of faxed order forms offering
advertising opportunities in online business directories. These order forms may cause
businesses to conclude that they originate from a well-known supplier of online directory
advertising.
Scamstoppers Marketing : The charges stem from a Bureau investigation of complaints
it received from small and medium-sized businesses in the U.S. alleging that they had
received deceptive telemarketing calls from the accused and their companies, who led
them to believe they were receiving a call from their existing supplier of business
directories to renew a subscription, when in fact the American companies had never dealt
with the accused previously.

Scam Stoppers False or misleading representations and deceptive marketing practices can
have serious economic consequences, especially when directed toward large audiences or
when they take place over a long period of time. They can affect both business
competitors who are engaging in honest promotional efforts, and consumers.

About Scamstoppers Section 45 is the cornerstone cartel provision of the Competition
Act. It makes it a criminal offence when two or more competitors or potential
competitors conspire, agree or arrange to fix prices, allocate customers or markets, or
restrict output of a product. This offence is known as a conspiracy, and is punishable by a
fine of up to $25 million, or imprisonment for a term of up to 14 years, or both.

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Description: Scams toppers, Scamstoppers