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					Hunger Banquet


 Oxfam America

  Text adapted from
  Oxfam Hunger
  Banquet materials
                                                       Introduction
                                                                • The world grows more than
                                                                  enough food to feed
                                                                  everyone, yet
                                                                   – More people are hungry today than
                                                                     ever before
                                                                   – an estimated one billion,
                                                                   – one in five persons worldwide
                                                                • One of every three children
                                                                  is chronically malnourished
                                                                   – too hungry to lead an active, healthy
                                                                     life
http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/470000/images/_473469_child.jpg
                                                Introduction
                                                                           • One-third of the grain
                                                                             grown in the world
                                                                              – and one-half of the fish
                                                                                caught
                                                                              – are fed to animals in rich
                                                                                countries
                                                                           • U.S. daily per person
                                                                             calorie supply is 3,671
                                                                              – almost twice that of
                                                                                Sudan’s: 1,974
                                                                                 • fewer calories than needed
                                                                                    to maintain a productive
http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/CA25677D007DC87D/LUbyDesc/feedlot1995/$File/fe
edlotcofp1995.jpg                                                                   life
                                                               Introduction
                                                                      • Sub-Saharan Africa
                                                                        – 1 in 3 people are
                                                                          malnourished
                                                                        – half live on less than $1 a
                                                                          day
                                                                        – 30 million people required
                                                                          emergency food aid (2005 )

                                       Niger

http://www.feedthechildren.org/images/niger/pic_grouppeople1.jpg
                                                                                              • The roots of hunger lie in
                                                                                                           – Poverty, war, and the unequal
                                                                                                             distribution of resources,
                                                                                                           – Not in Overpopulation.
                                                                                                           – Many well-fed countries have
                                                                                                             more people than hungry ones.
                                                                                              • Holland
                                                                                                           – a high-income country
                                                                                                           – has over 1,000 people per
                                                                                                             square mile
                                                                                              • Mozambique
                                                                                                           – one of the world’s lowest-
                                                                                                             income countries
                                                                                                           – has only 48 people per square
http://www.hotelsbycity.net/images/travelguides/eur/netherlands/amsterdam-big.jpg
                                                                                                             mile
http://www.theworldrace.org/inc-imageresize.asp?path=/blogphotos/theworldrace/sarahbullers/sarah_044.jpg
                                                                                              • The roots of hunger lie in
                                                                                                        – poverty, war,
                                                                                                        – unequal distribution of
                                                                                                          resources
                                                                                                        – Not in Natural Disasters.
        San Francisco                                                                         • Five years of drought in
                                                                                                        California
                                                                                                        – resulted in no direct loss of
                                                                                                          human life.
                                                                                              • Five years of drought in
                                                                                                        Ethiopia
                                                                                                        – over a million people died

        Ethiopia 1983
http://www.inspi.ufl.edu/fuel07/graphics/California%20-%20San%20Francisco%20Painted%20Ladies%20Hz.jpg
                                Oxfam Hunger Banquet
                                                                    • Everyone on earth has
                                                                      the same basic needs
                                                                    • only our
                                                                      circumstances differ
                                                                       – where we live and the
                                                                         culture we are born into
                                                                    • Some are born into
                                                                      relative prosperity and
                                                                      security
                                                                       – While millions are born into
                                                                         poverty
http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1091/1388995699_2a369f3a56.jpg?v=0
                                                                          • by no choice of their own
 http://www.cfnpp.cornell.edu/images/razfam.jpg
                        The High Income Group
                                                       • If you ended up in the
                                                         high-income group
                                                          – You represent the 15
                                                            percent of the world’s
                                                            population
                                                             • fortunate enough to
                                                                afford a nutritious daily
                                                                diet
                                                       • You live primarily in
                                                         countries like
 Relative World Wealth                                    – the United States, Australia,
                                                            France, Switzerland,
                                                          – most countries in Western
http://www.dba-oracle.com/images/gnp_country_map.jpg
                                                            Europe
                      The High Income Group
                                                            • As members of this
                                                              group, you share the
                                                              following characteristics:
                                                              – Your average income is
                                                                over $9,076.
                                                              – The leading cause of death
                                                                among you is heart
                                                                disease and diabetes
                                                                 • directly related to your
                                                                   over-consumption of fatty
                                                                   foods
                                                                     – particularly red meat
http://www.jbutlersbarandgrille.com/images/menu/Steak.jpg
                             The High Income Group
                                                        – Health care is more readily
                                                          available to you.
                                                        – In the U.S. there is one doctor to
                                                          every 470 people
                                                           • compared with one doctor per
                                                              7,140 people in Haiti
                                                        – In general, your children are
                                                          healthy and your infant mortality
                                                          rate is low
                                                        – Though you are well-off, millions
                                                          of your fellow citizens live below
                                                          the poverty line.
                                                            • Most of them are women and
                                                              children who lack access to
http://www.bioquell.com/Pictures/Nurse%20&%20Girl.JPG         adequate services.
                            The High Income Group
                                                             • You could be:
                                                               – Jennifer, an attorney
                                                                  • who lives in an affluent
                                                                    suburb of Boston
                                                                      – with her husband, an
                                                                        accountant, and two
                                                                        children.
                                                               – Shinji, a well-traveled
                                                                 Japanese engineer
                                                                  • who lives in a
                                                                    comfortable one-
                                                                    bedroom apartment in
                                                                    Tokyo
http://farm1.static.flickr.com/56/136465405_fc192f56b8.jpg
               The Middle Income Group
                                                                       • Those in the middle-
                                                                         income group represent
                                                                         roughly 25% of the
                                                                         world’s population.
                                                                       • There are more countries
                                                                         in this group than in the
                                                                         high-income group
                                                                          – countries like Bolivia, the
                                                                            Philippines, Turkey, Costa
                                                                            Rica, and Iran
Iranian Woman

 http://shahrzaad.files.wordpress.com/2008/02/hijab2.jpg?w=385&h=296
      The Middle Income Group
                   • What are your common characteristics?
                             – Your average income ranges from $912-
                               9,095.
                             – Your children are six times more likely to
                               die of hunger and related diseases
                                 • than if they lived in a high-income country
                             – You must use 35% of your income to feed
                               yourself,
                                 • compared with the 15% people in high-
                                             income countries spend
                             – Your economies are crippled by foreign
                               debt.
                                • Debt payments can consume half of your
                                             governments’ earnings
Mexico Market
                http://imagecache2.allposters.com/images/pic/LPIPOD01/BN1221_18~Stalls-in-Liberty-Market-Guadalajara-Mexico-Posters.jpg
         The Middle Income Group
                                                      • You could be:
                                                                    – Simcha, a man in his thirties, who
                                                                      operates a postcard stall in the
                                                                      ancient city of Jerusalem to feed
                                                                      his four children
                                                                    – Lucia, a schoolteacher in Prague,
                                                                      in the Czech Republic
                                                                        • who takes in sewing to earn extra
                                                                          income to support her aging parents
                                                                          and her children



http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2068/2354495504_4a0f6f00b4.jpg?v=0
      The Low Income Group
                       • You represent the majority
                         of the world’s population.
                       • You live in countries
                         where the average income
                         is less than $912 a year.
                       • Somalia, Honduras, India,
                         and Vietnam are among
                         the countries in this group




Child labor, India
                     http://wells086.googlepages.com/childholdingbricksinIndia.jpg/childholdingbricksinIndia-medium.jpg
                     The Low Income Group
                                                              • As a member of this group, you
                                                                share these characteristics:
                                                                 – You are chronically
                                                                   malnourished and eat only
                                                                   2,205 calories a day
                                                                    • less than the amount needed to
                                                                       lead a healthy, hard-working life
                                                                 – You cannot afford to own or
                                                                   buy land
                                                                    • even land farmed for centuries
                                                                       by your ancestors



http://www.worldproutassembly.org/images/poverty_africa.jpg
                                  The Low Income Group
                                                                               – You may work on a hacienda or large
                                                                                 plantation
                                                                                   • that produces crops such as bananas, sugar, and
                                                                                              coffee
                                                                                            • for export to high-and middle-income countries
                                                                                            • yet you and your family don’t get enough to
                                                                                              eat.
                                                                               – The combined debt owed by all of your
                                                                                 governments to wealthy nations totals $1.3
                                                                                 trillion
                                                                                   • more than $200 per person
                                                                                   • and continues to rise inexorably.
                                                                               – Unemployment and hardship in the rural areas
                                                                                 is driving you into cities
                                                                                   • where you face even greater hardships
http://i.l.cnn.net/cnn/2007/BUSINESS/09/11/chiquita.terrorism/art.colombia.banana.afp.jpg
                          The Low Income Group
                                     • You could be:
                                        – Farida, who lives in India
                                          where the forests have nearly
                                          disappeared.
                                           • Her people have become
                                              nomads, wandering in search of
                                              the water needed for sustenance.
                                        – Pierre, a farmer in Haiti who
                                          rents a hillside plot from his
                                          landlord.
                                            • In the dry season when nothing
                                              will grow, he will make charcoal
                                              to sell for the price of a few day’s
   Haiti farmer                               food

http://lukesmission.net/farmer.jpg

				
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