Hunger Banquet - PowerPoint by wuyunyi


									Hunger Banquet

 Oxfam America

  Text adapted from
  Oxfam Hunger
  Banquet materials
                                                                • The world grows more than
                                                                  enough food to feed
                                                                  everyone, yet
                                                                   – More people are hungry today than
                                                                     ever before
                                                                   – an estimated one billion,
                                                                   – one in five persons worldwide
                                                                • One of every three children
                                                                  is chronically malnourished
                                                                   – too hungry to lead an active, healthy
                                                                           • One-third of the grain
                                                                             grown in the world
                                                                              – and one-half of the fish
                                                                              – are fed to animals in rich
                                                                           • U.S. daily per person
                                                                             calorie supply is 3,671
                                                                              – almost twice that of
                                                                                Sudan’s: 1,974
                                                                                 • fewer calories than needed
                                                                                    to maintain a productive$File/fe
edlotcofp1995.jpg                                                                   life
                                                                      • Sub-Saharan Africa
                                                                        – 1 in 3 people are
                                                                        – half live on less than $1 a
                                                                        – 30 million people required
                                                                          emergency food aid (2005 )

                                                                                              • The roots of hunger lie in
                                                                                                           – Poverty, war, and the unequal
                                                                                                             distribution of resources,
                                                                                                           – Not in Overpopulation.
                                                                                                           – Many well-fed countries have
                                                                                                             more people than hungry ones.
                                                                                              • Holland
                                                                                                           – a high-income country
                                                                                                           – has over 1,000 people per
                                                                                                             square mile
                                                                                              • Mozambique
                                                                                                           – one of the world’s lowest-
                                                                                                             income countries
                                                                                                           – has only 48 people per square
                                                                                              • The roots of hunger lie in
                                                                                                        – poverty, war,
                                                                                                        – unequal distribution of
                                                                                                        – Not in Natural Disasters.
        San Francisco                                                                         • Five years of drought in
                                                                                                        – resulted in no direct loss of
                                                                                                          human life.
                                                                                              • Five years of drought in
                                                                                                        – over a million people died

        Ethiopia 1983
                                Oxfam Hunger Banquet
                                                                    • Everyone on earth has
                                                                      the same basic needs
                                                                    • only our
                                                                      circumstances differ
                                                                       – where we live and the
                                                                         culture we are born into
                                                                    • Some are born into
                                                                      relative prosperity and
                                                                       – While millions are born into
                                                                          • by no choice of their own
                        The High Income Group
                                                       • If you ended up in the
                                                         high-income group
                                                          – You represent the 15
                                                            percent of the world’s
                                                             • fortunate enough to
                                                                afford a nutritious daily
                                                       • You live primarily in
                                                         countries like
 Relative World Wealth                                    – the United States, Australia,
                                                            France, Switzerland,
                                                          – most countries in Western
                      The High Income Group
                                                            • As members of this
                                                              group, you share the
                                                              following characteristics:
                                                              – Your average income is
                                                                over $9,076.
                                                              – The leading cause of death
                                                                among you is heart
                                                                disease and diabetes
                                                                 • directly related to your
                                                                   over-consumption of fatty
                                                                     – particularly red meat
                             The High Income Group
                                                        – Health care is more readily
                                                          available to you.
                                                        – In the U.S. there is one doctor to
                                                          every 470 people
                                                           • compared with one doctor per
                                                              7,140 people in Haiti
                                                        – In general, your children are
                                                          healthy and your infant mortality
                                                          rate is low
                                                        – Though you are well-off, millions
                                                          of your fellow citizens live below
                                                          the poverty line.
                                                            • Most of them are women and
                                                              children who lack access to         adequate services.
                            The High Income Group
                                                             • You could be:
                                                               – Jennifer, an attorney
                                                                  • who lives in an affluent
                                                                    suburb of Boston
                                                                      – with her husband, an
                                                                        accountant, and two
                                                               – Shinji, a well-traveled
                                                                 Japanese engineer
                                                                  • who lives in a
                                                                    comfortable one-
                                                                    bedroom apartment in
               The Middle Income Group
                                                                       • Those in the middle-
                                                                         income group represent
                                                                         roughly 25% of the
                                                                         world’s population.
                                                                       • There are more countries
                                                                         in this group than in the
                                                                         high-income group
                                                                          – countries like Bolivia, the
                                                                            Philippines, Turkey, Costa
                                                                            Rica, and Iran
Iranian Woman
      The Middle Income Group
                   • What are your common characteristics?
                             – Your average income ranges from $912-
                             – Your children are six times more likely to
                               die of hunger and related diseases
                                 • than if they lived in a high-income country
                             – You must use 35% of your income to feed
                                 • compared with the 15% people in high-
                                             income countries spend
                             – Your economies are crippled by foreign
                                • Debt payments can consume half of your
                                             governments’ earnings
Mexico Market
         The Middle Income Group
                                                      • You could be:
                                                                    – Simcha, a man in his thirties, who
                                                                      operates a postcard stall in the
                                                                      ancient city of Jerusalem to feed
                                                                      his four children
                                                                    – Lucia, a schoolteacher in Prague,
                                                                      in the Czech Republic
                                                                        • who takes in sewing to earn extra
                                                                          income to support her aging parents
                                                                          and her children
      The Low Income Group
                       • You represent the majority
                         of the world’s population.
                       • You live in countries
                         where the average income
                         is less than $912 a year.
                       • Somalia, Honduras, India,
                         and Vietnam are among
                         the countries in this group

Child labor, India
                     The Low Income Group
                                                              • As a member of this group, you
                                                                share these characteristics:
                                                                 – You are chronically
                                                                   malnourished and eat only
                                                                   2,205 calories a day
                                                                    • less than the amount needed to
                                                                       lead a healthy, hard-working life
                                                                 – You cannot afford to own or
                                                                   buy land
                                                                    • even land farmed for centuries
                                                                       by your ancestors
                                  The Low Income Group
                                                                               – You may work on a hacienda or large
                                                                                   • that produces crops such as bananas, sugar, and
                                                                                            • for export to high-and middle-income countries
                                                                                            • yet you and your family don’t get enough to
                                                                               – The combined debt owed by all of your
                                                                                 governments to wealthy nations totals $1.3
                                                                                   • more than $200 per person
                                                                                   • and continues to rise inexorably.
                                                                               – Unemployment and hardship in the rural areas
                                                                                 is driving you into cities
                                                                                   • where you face even greater hardships
                          The Low Income Group
                                     • You could be:
                                        – Farida, who lives in India
                                          where the forests have nearly
                                           • Her people have become
                                              nomads, wandering in search of
                                              the water needed for sustenance.
                                        – Pierre, a farmer in Haiti who
                                          rents a hillside plot from his
                                            • In the dry season when nothing
                                              will grow, he will make charcoal
                                              to sell for the price of a few day’s
   Haiti farmer                               food

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