Writing a Proposal by Joshreed

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									Writing a Proposal
    Esther Ching-Lan Lin

     Assistant Professor
   Department of Nursing,
    HungKuang University
          3/5/2009
What is “Re”-search



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   A GUIDE FOR
PROPOSAL WRITING



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* What makes a good proposal?
 • A good proposal stems from a good
   concept.
 • The best proposals are those to which
   the reviewers respond:
 “Of course, I wish I had thought of that!”



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€ the proposal must be written in
  sufficient detail to allow
  reviewers to understand:
   •   Aim/Objects
   •   研究者是否有能力執行此Proposal?
   •   對於所屬領域的貢獻度為何?
   •   研究結果如何應用於實務之中?

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* ADVICE TO PROPOSAL
     WRITERS



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 Step 1 - Before You Write
1. A good proposal begins with a clear
   idea of the goal and objectives of the
   project.
2. In addition, a good project begins with
   a sense of why it will be a significant
   improvement in our profession.
3. Envision what improvements your
   project will make, be formed to make
   the desired improvements.

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Step 1 - Before You Write
4. Should be innovative within its context.
5. Evidence of preliminary work, you pilot
   work and evidence-based literatures /
   knowledge.




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     Literature Review
• The proposal must give appropriate
  attention to the existing relevant
  knowledge base, including awareness
  of current literature.

€ Organize & critical review


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     Research Question
1. Target on specific population.
2. Address on specific research
   problem (problem-shooting).

€ There must be a focused plan,
  explaining in detail how your project
  will accomplish this.

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   Other Considerations
• To allow enough time to have the
  proposal revised by a third party if
  needed and having one person write
  the final proposal to assure
  consistency.
• Typically a final version of a proposal
  will have gone through several drafts
  and revisions.

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Step 2 – Writing the Proposal
  ※ Tips:
  • What will you do for your profession?
  • What/How will you do?
  • Why could you do this? (motivation
    and evidence) (熱情 / 使命 + 實證)
  • Who will do this research?
  • When will you do and finish?

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            Step 2 –
       Writing the Proposal

1. A good proposal is always readable, well-
   organized, grammatically correct, and
   understandable.
2. How the program will make an
   improvement. (innovation and specific
   contribution).

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        Step 2 –
   Writing the Proposal
3. To describe, a clear idea of
   exactly what you plan to do and
   why your plan is a good one.
4. A time frame, show that you
   have done adequate planning and
   are realistic about the program
   implementation. (feasibility)
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Step 3 – Before Sending Your
          Proposal
• Learning more about the Review Process
  & criteria
• Getting Advice
  If possible, have someone not connected
  with the proposal read and comment on a
  draft of your proposal in sufficient time
  allowed for changes prior to the
  submission of your proposal.
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• Before Finishing the Proposal
 - When a checklist is provided, use it to
  ensure that all needed information,
  signatures, and/or administrative
  details are included.
 - Look again at the goal and objectives
  and at your written plans and
  procedures for achieving the goal.

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- Consider using graphics to make your
 point stronger and clearer.
- A time line to show when different
 components of your project are to
 take place can be particularly
 effective.
- Include a table of contents. This
 makes it easy for reviewers to locate
 important sections of your proposal.

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