NAME___________________________ SS10 CH 2 WORKSHEET SS 10 HISTORY CH2 THE ROAD TO CONFEDERATION A. WHAT WAS CONFEDERATION? discussion in class B. FACTORS LEADING TO CONFEDERATION P. 35-41 1. War and expansionism in the United States: P35-3 6 a. Why did the American Civil War make the colonies feel threatened? b. What was Manifest destiny ? c. What was evidence of American expansion that scared the colonies? d. How did these fears lead to Confederation? 2. Fenian Raids P. 36-37 a. Who were Fenians? b. What were their goals? c. Why were Fenians a threat to the British colonies? d. How did Fenian raids become an argument for Confederation? 3. Trouble with trade: (Boom and Bust diagram presented in class) a. What was a preference and how did its end hurt Canada’s economy? b. What was the reciprocity treaty and why did its cancellation scare the colonies? c. How could Confederation solve the trouble with trade? 4. The need for rail links P38-39 a. What were the plans for the Grand Trunk Railway? b. How would Confederation help to complete these plans? c. What benefits would the completed railway bring the colonies? 5. Changing British attitudes P. 39-40 a. Describe Britain’s attitude to Canada’s confederation and why they had this view. 6. Political deadlock in the Canadas P.40-41 (notes in class) a. Explain the controversy over “rep by pop” before 1861 and then after 1861. b. Explain George Brown’s role in ending the political deadlock in l864. c. What was the main goal of the coalition gov’t of 1864? C. THE CONFEDERATION CONFERENCES P. 42-44 P. 50-53 1 The Charlottetown Conference 1864 P, 42-43 a. What was the original purpose of the conference? b. Why did the Canadians attend? c. What was the result of the conference? 2. The Quebec Conference 1864 P. 43-44 a. Which colonies sent representatives? b. What topics were discussed? c. What were the Seventy-two Resolutions? 3. The London Conference P. 50-53 a. What happened here? b. What were the 4 original provinces? c. Where did Confederation come into effect? d. In which colonies were celebrations marred by protests? D. THE COLONIES REACT P 44-50 There will be a chart of the arguments for and against Confederation in each colony--format to be provided in class. E. MODELS FOR GOV’T -- THE B.N.A. ACT P. 53-55 1. The British Model a. Identify the aspects of Canada’s new gov’t which we adopted from Britain. b. Describe the composition and powers of each of the House of Commons and the Senate. 2 The American Model a. Describe a federal union. b. What weakness did our Fathers of Confederation try to avoid? c. List the powers of the provincial and federal governments. (division of powers) d. What special provisions were made for: 1. railroads? 2. schools? 3. French language?
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