Study trip report Russia by adifp2010

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									ADIFP Study Trip
 RUSSIA 2010
           Final Report




          IFP Ph.Ds Association
Colophon




ADIFP annual study trip report
Mai 2010




This is a publication of the ADIFP (IFP Ph.Ds association)
and contains a description of projects, visits, sights and
experiences of the 2010 study trip RUSSIA (Moscow,
Omsk and Novosibirsk).


All photos have been made by the participants of the trip.


This report is also available for download (pdf format) on
the ADIFP website: www.adifp.net



Organization committee:
Marie Chauve         marie.chauve@ifp.fr
Marie Savonnet       marie.savonnet@ircelyon.univ-lyon1.fr
Zyed Bouzarkouna     zyed.bouzarkouna@ifp.fr


ADIFP
Association des Doctorants de l’I F P
IFP School - TA/124
228-232, av. Napoléon Bonaparte
92852 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex
FRANCE
www.adifp.net
     A study trip organized by the
   IFP Ph.Ds Association (ADIFP)




       Russia
        2010
SPONSORED BY


SUPPORTED BY
Preface

On May 14, 2010 sixteen PhD students from the IFP (French Institute of petroleum) jumped
on a plane to Russia for the ADIFP annual study trip. An eight days tour showcased some of
the high-quality research and engineering challenges, as well as some spectacular Russian
scenery and culture.

As for each year, this amazing opportunity has been granted to the IFP PhD students to take
the real dimension of their future activity and to meet decision-makers from different oil &
gas sectors willing to share their knowledge and expertise.

This year, we have visited a number of universities, institutes and companies in Russia. The
first three days, we stayed in the impressive city of Moscow, while after we moved to Siberia
(Omsk and Novosibirsk). This trip was rewarding for all PhD. students that had participated.
Future cooperation with some of the centers we visited will be probably established.

A great amount of time and effort was spent organizing this trip by the students, and this
report gives a brief overview showing how all that effort paid off.

As an organizing committee we would like to thank all the people who helped us in one way
or another, but there are a few who need to be mentioned here:

For helping us in the organization issues and for welcoming us:
 - Adrien Béchonnet                                             (Total   -   Paris)
 - Annika Joelsson                                     (Schlumberger     -   Paris)
 - Jean-Philippe Loiseau                                        (Total   -   Moscow)
 - Natalia Mezentseva                                            (BIC    -   Novosibirsk)
 - Natalia Smirnova                                    (Schlumberger     -   Moscow)
 - Tatiana Koroleva, and the international club        (Gubkin Univ.     -   Moscow)
 - Yilmaz Luy                                          (Schlumberger     -   Paris)
 - Vladislav A. Sadykov                                          (BIC    -   Novosibirsk)

For their generous contributions:
 - Hervé Toulhoat                                                (IFP    -   Rueil-Malmaison)
 - Catherine Bourgeois                                  (CGGVeritas      -   Paris)
 - Jean Burrus                                         (BeicipFranlab    -   Rueil-Malmaison)

Special thanks go also to Vincent Gex, for his effort and help in the organization.
Unfortunately for personal reasons, it was impossible for him to continue the adventure with
us.


                                                 The ADIFP Study Trip Committee 2010
                                    Zyed Bouzarkouna, Marie Chauve and Marie Savonnet
14-15 May - The first step in Russia
We landed in Russia in Moscow’s airport Sheremetyevo on Friday 14th of May at the end of
the afternoon. Three taxis provided by Schlumberger were waiting for us and picked us up to
the Cosmos hotel. Then we went to the city centre by metro and discovered the beautiful
station Turgenevskaya. We had time to walk near several famous places of Moscow such as
the Loubianka place, the red square and the Bolchoï theatre. We had dinner in a pedestrian
street in the centre.




Visit of Gubkin labs
On Saturday, Tatiana Koroleva has warmly welcomed us to the Gubkin university, the
Russian state university of oil and gas. She showed us the rock reminding the foundation of
the university and the monument devoted to students who died during the second world war.
Tatiana guided us inside the university, presenting their educational and research system and
their main sponsors. In the reservoir labs, viscosity and permeability instruments have been
exposed to us. We also saw drilling devices that they use for demonstration.
                   Laboratory




                   Viscosimeter




                                                      Permeability measurement system




                 Drilling device
Introduction of students associations
Then we joined a meeting with some members of the International Friendship Club (IFC) and
A.B. Zolotukhin, pro-rector for international affairs and A.V. Egoron, Dean of postgraduate
courses.
Vitaly Karamov presented this student association whom he is
the president. The IFC is a public youth organization uniting the
students of all countries who study in Gubkin University. In this
Club, students have a unique opportunity to learn about
traditions, history and culture of the World’s nations, and may
develop their intellectual abilities and demonstrate their talents.
There are a lot of members and are very active: they organize
scientific lectures and cultural event such as Russian folkloric
dances or Chinese New Year.
They invited us to register online to become members and gave to each of us a badge of their
university.
Then Zyed Bouzarkouna presented the ADIFP association and used this opportunity to thank
our sponsors IFP, BeicipFranlab and CGGVeritas to make this trip possible. Russian students
were curious about the financial support that we got from our sponsors and the way we set up
our project.
Presentation of some IFP students' work
Then three of us presented their PhD work:
    - Arnaud Bourlon about aluminosilicate geopolymer pastes;
    - Marc Elia about the stability of a gas oil hydrotreating reactor;
    - Laetitia de Navacelle about the refining industry.
Those lectures raised the interest of both professors so that they invited all of us to come back
in April 2011 to present our PhD work.
3D demonstration
To finish, we went to the 3D screen room and saw a demonstration of it. This technology is
used to visualize fields under exploitation and it has been spread in many decisions centers
worldwide.




                                         3D screen room

Walk in the centre of Moscow
Then we left the university with some IFC students. We had lunch all together, then went for
a walk in the gardens near the Kremlin and visited the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. We
planned to visit the Tetriakov gallery but due to an amazing line, we decided to rest in a park
instead. This afternoon allowed us to have more informal talk with Russian students. At the
end of the day, the ADIFP association invited our Russian couriers and the trip participants
for dinner in a trendy bar-restaurant, the Propaganda.




                                                          Adeline Dupas & Anne-Lise Guilmin
16 May – Touristic visit of Moscow
This Sunday was dedicated to the visit of Moscow.
The schedule of the morning was to visit the Red Square, the Kremlin and to finish by the
Temple of Vasily the Blessed.

Arrived on the Red square, we were impressed by its size. It is delimited by the Kremlin, the
State Historical Museum, the Gum, a huge commercial center, and the temple of Vasiliy the
Blessed. Lenin mausoleum also faces the Kremlin wall on the Red Square.

In order to reach the Kremlin, we went through the Alexandrovski Garden, ordered by Ossip
Bovet in 1820, and where the memorial of the Warrior was installed; there two immobile
soldiers guard the grave. The garden is made up the Armoury Square, housing a popular
commercial center, and a park.

The Kremlin is dedicated to the culture, the art and the
orthodox religion but also stands for the Russian
Government. It was built in 1156 and had at this time
wood made walls.
When we arrived inside the Kremlin, we first saw in front
of the Arsenal the big number of cannons taken from the
Napoleon's troop. As it was not allowed to visit the
administrative building, we visited the different religious
buildings. Inside the Kremlin's wall, there are four
cathedrals built around the Cathedral Square – the
Assumption Cathedral, the Annunciation Cathedral, the Church of the Deposition of the Robe
of the Holy Virgin and the Archangel Cathedral. They all have been constructed between the
XVth and the XVIth centuries. They exhibit wood sculptures, and gold paints. We also
observed the Bell Tower ordered by Yvan the Great in the XVIth century.
To finish our tour inside the Kremlin, we spent some time in the Secret Gardens.

                       Then we made our way towards the Vasily Temple, going trough the
                       Gum. It has been constructed in 1894 and was a big state commercial
                       center during the soviet period.

                       The Temple of Vasily the Blessed was ordered by Yvan the Great and
                       erected in 1555-1561. It commemorates the capture of Kazan and
                       Astrakhan.
                       It is made up 8 side churches arranged around the ninth central church.
                       The inside is a bit severe but is also decorated by some amazing fresco.


To continue our cultural tour of Moscow, after the Red Square visit, we decided to go to the
Tsaritsyno park during the afternoon. It is one of the favorite places for Muscovites to spend
time outdoors. This architectural building and park ensemble were ordered by Empress
Catherine the Great to the architect, Vasili Bajenov, in 1776. Unfinished and turned into ruins
over the years, a restoration and completion of this ensemble were initiated in 1984 following
the initial plans. In 2007, the Grand Palace was completed and the Tsaritsino park was
officially opened.
At the beginning, we planned to spend some time walking in the park. Unfortunately because
of a storm, we had to change our plans and we decided to visit the Grand Palace.
There were three main exhibitions inside: the first depicted the different periods of
Tsaritsyno's history, the second one depicted the life of Catherine the Great and the third one
was dedicated to art collections. During the visit, Pavel, an alumni IFP PhD student and now
with Schlumberger, joined us. After that we went to Arbat. There, we met the other French
and Russian students and had dinner together. Unfortunately, we were again surprised by the
rain and arrived soaked at the restaurant. Nevertheless, we tasted and enjoyed the Russian
specialties (Borsch and Pelmini). Then we went back to the hotel. We spent a really good day
in Moscow and we were eager to continue our trip throughout Russia!

                                                      Laure Braconnier & Nadège Serrand
17 May – Industrial visits in Moscow

TOTAL MOSCOW

In the morning, we left our hotel to go to Total's main office located in the center of Moscow.
We were welcomed by Jean-Philippe Loiseau. He started by briefly presenting TOTAL’s
presence history in Russia. Total has been actively involved in exploration and production
projects in Russia since 1991 from the moment of the joint-venture with the state company
Tatneft was set up to boost oil recovery from Romashkino field in Tatarstan. The oil
production started in 1999 when the Kharyaga Production Sharing Agreement (PSA) comes
into effect.

After this introduction, different speakers presented us their roles and activities at Total group
in Russia:
     Anastasia ZHIVULINA (Human Resources)
     Bruno Erwes (Operations)
     Laurent Foulhoux (Karyaga)
     Guillaume Dulout (Drilling manager)
     O.Rasaonaivo (Shtokman)




The Total E&P Russia team counts more than 300 employees of different nationalities. The
main office is located in Moscow and an operational base at the Kharayaga field with a
logistics office in Usinsk. The main key of the Group to work in Russia is to provide
technology transfer, demonstrate capacity to work with Russian partners (Gazprom,
Novatek...) and to participate in technically challenging projects. In all regions of its
operations, Total supplements its business operations with a commitment to initiate and
support various social and community projects, in partnership with local authorities. For
example, encouraging the interest of local population for the French language and culture...
Total also, pursuing actively its educational initiatives by cooperating with the most famous
Russian universities (Gubkin State Oil&Gas University, the Geology faculty of the
Lomonossov Moscow State University...).
Presently, Total has two main projects:
Kharyaga field: Situated at 90 km to the north of the Polar Circle in the Nenets Autonomous
Okrug, Total is the operator of the project (40% of it). Its partners are the Norwegian
company Statoil, the Russian company Zarubezhneft, and the Russian Nenets Oil Company
holding respectively 30%, 20% and a 10% of the project, respectively. The Kharyaga field is
a very challenging project due to the harsh weather conditions with outside temperatures
getting down to -50°C in winter, difficult logistics due to remote location and sensitive
environment (tundra, rivers...)
Shtokman: In 2007, Total became the first partner of Gazprom, the Russian natural gas giant,
to develop the phase one of the huge Shtokman gas condensate field discovered in the Barents
sea in 1988 with 3.8 trillion cubic meters of gas and 53.3 million tones of condensate of
estimated reserves. After Statoil joined the project, the parties set up a company (Shtokman
Development AG) for the design, financing, construction and operation of the Shtokman
Phase One infrastructure. This project must take up many challenges as the annual
temperature range: -50°C to +33°C, icebergs weighing up to 4 million tones, water depth 340
meters and wave height up to 27 meters.

After the presentation, our group was kindly invited by the Total team for a lunch at a Central
Asian restaurant. It was a very good opportunity to discuss with Total's employees about their
work and life in Moscow.

SCHLUMBERGER MOSCOW RESEARCH (SMR)

After the lunch, we moved directly to the SMR, where we planned our second visit.
Russia represents for Schlumberger one the most important areas of activities. Schlumberger
employs around 14.000 employees in Russia. This is demonstrated by the fact that Russia was
one of the first countries that interested Schlumberger, if we consider the first steps in
building the nowadays multinational Schlumberger.
The Schlumberger Moscow Research (SMR) center has a staff of 52 persons and 37 students.
The first project of the center started on 1998.
The center covers many disciplines:
- Reservoir physics;
- Well testing;
- Borehole seismic and acoustic (formerly named "maths and modeling").

Dr. Clément Costov begins by a presentation of the SMR and a general idea about the
different research activities conducted in the Russian research center.
The technology hub of this center as demonstrated by Dr. Costov is to reply for different
technology challenges specific to Russia such as the condensates (a liquid phase) in gas fields
which:
    - reduces the recovery of the field ;
    - blocks the gas movement near the wellbore.
Dr. Clément Costov also shows that research in Schlumberger tends to be more and more
applied and this was one of the reasons of changing or modifying one the SMR disciplines
from the mathematics and modeling to a special application which is the borehole seismic and
acoustic.

A second presentation dealt with some of the activities conducted by the acoustics group and
focuses on the different finite element modeling capabilities. This research is performed in
collaboration with the modeling and computational mechanics laboratory of the Saint-
Petersburg State Polytechnic, which shows the importance of the different collaborations
between the SMR and Russian universities.

A last presentation was done by Dr. Valeriy Chkuaseli. The presentation dealt with VSP data
full-wave computer modeling. This technology is a solution to a number of problems faced
when the geological model is with faults, with rough boundaries, with crushed zone...

A discussion after that with between the presenters, Mrs. Natalia Smirnova (HR SMR) and
the PhD students about the backgrounds hired by the SMR and the possibilities of touching a
large number of research areas when in the SMR and in Schlumberger in general.




The visit ends with a friendly discussion in the coffee room with Pavel Spesivtsev and
Nikolay Andrianov (2 alumni of the IFP, and now in the SMR) and Mrs. Natalia Smirnova.

                                                    Zyed Bouzarkouna & Samir Touzani
18 May – Arrival to Omsk
We took the plane from Moscow, late in the Monday evening. Even if the flight wasn't very
long (about 3h30), the duration and the jet lag (3 hours between Moscow and Omsk), made
this night “disappear”. So we arrived at 5h30 in Omsk after a few minutes of sleep for the
luckiest ones. There, our dear hosts, Natalia Mezentseva were waiting for us, in the Siberian
cold, with a bus to drive us to Strelnikov, the workshop place. After a little breakfast, shared
with Natalia, we took a short nap to be ready for the workshop.




Beginning of the Russian-French workshop & the poster session
The workshop we participated was organized by the Council of Young Scientists of Boreskov
Institute of Catalysis SB RAS and the Institute of Problems of Hydrocarbons Processing. The
Russian-French workshop was dedicated to Catalysis, Petrochemistry and Biomass and
consisted of a series of presentations and posters, from the Russian and the French students
and young scientists. This initiative is inscribed in the year of Russia in France and year of
France in Russia: 2010. As everyone can expect, the main topic of the Russian presentations
was catalysis. The IFP PhD students’ presentations were more eclectic, from economics to
chemistry. We were impressed and honored by the efforts made by the Russian students. At
the beginning, this workshop was supposed to be all in Russian, but due to our visit, the
organizing committee transformed a part of this workshop into the Russian-French workshop.
We would like to thank very much all the students and young scientists for the effort, that lead
to a very interesting and pleasant working session.
The Chachlik (Barbecue)
To end this enriching day, our hosts invited us to share a Russian specialty: the Chachlik. The
Chachlik are some brochettes of different kind of meat. This convivial barbecue permitted us
to discuss with our Russian colleagues about differents topics; from work to Russian or
French life, we shared our personal and professional experiences to create some links,
between all the participants. This interesting and exhausting day ended with the warm
atmosphere of the Chachlik.




                                                              Hoël Langouët & Xavier Tunc
19 May – From Omsk to Novosibirsk




After a short night, the Russian-French workshop continued with the same rhythm as the day
before. Some of us were a bit tired, certainly due to the jet lag between Moscow and Omsk.
However after a high calorific Siberian breakfast, everybody was able to attend the last day of
the workshop. After the workshop, before leaving the camp, few minutes were devoted to
thank our hosts for their great welcoming.

The afternoon was devoted to visit the institute of hydrocarbon processing in Omsk,
accompanied by Russian students. As a complement to the hydrocarbon research center in
Novosibirsk, dedicated to academic research, the institute of hydrocarbon processing in Omsk
is one of the most important centers in hydrocarbon applied research in Russia. The institute
of hydrocarbon processing in Omsk invested in numerous high technology instruments, such
as X ray diffractometer, spectrometer NMR (Ultra shield 400 MHz), and especially a highly
efficient TEM, bought recently. Other institutes can also benefit from these technical
instruments thanks to partnerships.
We then had the chance to visit the old town centre, accompanied by a French-speaking
Russian guide. With a population of 1.13 million inhabitants, Omsk is the second town
located east to the Oural regarding its size, and has largely benefited from the Trans-Siberian
at the end of the 19th century, and later from the petrochemical industry in the 50’s.

Along the Lyubinsky Prospekt (the Lenin Street), buildings date from the end of the 19th or
the beginning of the 20th century, and are sometimes surmounted by monumental green
domes. Other buildings have been restored and painted in light color, such as green or blue.
The largest and most opulent church in the city is the Dormition Cathedral, a five-domed
edifice, consecrated in 1896, demolished by the Soviets, and restored in the early 2000s.




Moreover, Omsk conceals beautiful work of art on its streets: a tree sculpture in iron, quite
mysterious, the statue of a famous Russian painter, presenting his back, as leaving the real
world, or funny silver personages, such as a beautiful and not shy young “demoiselle” or a
funny fireman. And at last but not least, Omsk is a green city, with its beautiful and peaceful
parks.
But we have now to leave Omsk to join Novosibirsk, 704 km away. Let’s take the mythic
Trans-Siberian for the all night.
We took the famous Trans-Siberian from Omsk to Novosibirsk. Meanwhile, we had some
drinks … In fact there is a samovar in every wagon of the train to provide tea during the entire
trip.
Some of us believe that the trip would be a chance to have a rest, after the short night in
Omsk. However, they underestimate the possibilities of having fun of the others. Finally, we
spent the almost the ‘whole’ night playing cards, speaking with Russian students that we met
in Omsk and having fun. Finally, the night was short and we arrived at 7am to Novosibirsk
train station!




                                                 Arnaud Bourlon & Deborah Bouchonneau
20 May – In Akademgorodok (Novosibirsk)
                                                          Early in the morning after a short
                                                          night in the Trans-Siberian we arrived
                                                          in the beautiful and imposing train
                                                          station     of    Novosibirsk,     the
                                                          temperature outside is -1°C! A bus
                                                          awaited for us and we drove away
                                                          from this large and imposing typically
                                                          Soviet city with very tall grey
                                                          buildings and large avenues.




As we left the city the birch trees take over the landscape and we arrived after 30 kilometers
in Akademgorodok, literally the “city of the academics”. In the middle of the woods, the
Novosibirsk State University (NSU), many different research institutes and housing buildings
constitute this city dedicated to education and research.

After arriving to the hotel, the group was divided in two, girls and boys. First the girls left for
the suburbs of Akademgorodok for a true Russian Sauna (bania) experience, and the boys
would follow two hours later. The bania is for the Russians a traditional activity that they do
with their family or closed friends, they come with food and tea and stay for several hours.
Banias are places where business discussions can happen. The bania is a small wooden house
in the backward of a shabby house in the suburbs of the city. There are two main rooms, the
actual sauna at 110°C and the living room where one can rest and have a drink. The last place
is the terrace with a cold deep bathtub where one jumps into after having spent some time in
the sauna! The lower part of the bania is fully isolated whereas the upper one is half isolated
in order to let the room "breathe".
We can notice that some customers, rather than using the bathtub prefer to go directly in the
river or even in the snow during winter. That's the reason why most of banias are built just
near rivers. Banias were formerly places of births because they used to be the unique healthy
places.
We were lucky to go to a private bania, and not a public one and live it just like the Russians
do. We were accompanied by Natalia for the girls and by the owner of the bania for the boys.

After a quick lunch of Russian blini with salmon that look very different from the ones sold in
France (!), we visited the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, the largest research institute in the
world for Catalysis.


                The Boreskov Institute of Catalysis (BIC) was founded in 1958 by
                academician G.K. Boreskov and is totally devoted to research on catalysis
                from fundamental science to industrial application. It was the first institute of
                catalysis founded in the world. The BIC has 1500 staff members in different
                cities, mostly in Novosibirsk but also at the Saint Petersburg division and at
                pilot plants in Volgograd and Omsk. There is much cooperation with the
Institute for Hydrocarbon processing in Omsk. The institute is a part of the Siberian Branch
of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
                                                           The BIC is not only a applied
                                                           research institute, it has the second
                                                           citation     index     in     reviewed
                                                           publications in Russia after the
                                                           Chemistry department of Moscow
                                                           University. The institute is interested
                                                           in training young scientists, with 150
                                                           under and post graduate students
                                                           working at the institute, essentially
                                                           from Novosibirsk State University
                                                           (NSU), in three Chairs: Catalysis and
                                                           Adsorption, Physical Chemistry and
                                                           Chemical and Biological Physics.



After a short presentation and a film about the institute we were able to ask questions, about
PhDs at the BIC, the outcome of the students after their training at BIC, foreign researchers…
The BIC permanently has 70 PhD students, and although there was a serious situation of
leakage of knowledge during the 1990s when a lot used to go abroad after their studies, the
balance between the ones that stay in Russia and go abroad has changed. Many do a post-doc
abroad but then come back to Russia and work in industrial research and refineries. Most of
the researchers at the institute are Russian or from central Asia, there has been only a dozen
foreign researchers at the institute mostly from Europe.

Professor Sadykov gave us a warm and welcoming speech about scientific cooperation and
French and Russian friendship before Andrei from the Council of Young Researchers gave us
the tour of the Institute.

We were able to see many different high technology instruments such as:



                                                       -    X-Ray Photolectron Spectrometer
                                                            (XPS) that enables to see the charge
                                                            of different anodes such as
                                                            Aluminum, Platinum and Silver;
                                                            with an analysis chamber that can
                                                            be put under pressure at 5 atm.
                                                       -    Inert Gas Chamber for analysis of
                                                            reduction processes in a specific
                                                            atmosphere.


   -   X-Ray Photolectron Spectrometer (XPS) that can do UV, and mass spectrometry also
       with possibility of high pressure cell. It is one of 2 or 3 machines in the world that can
       do all these types of analysis. It is able to produce model systems and pictures with a
       precision of 1 nm. The machine works 24/7 all year long since 20 years. It was built in
       England at Vacum Generator, according to BIC plans and conception. The
       programming of the software is done in-situ by Boreskov researchers.
   -   Scanning electron microscope (JEOL JSM 6460LV) with a magnification of 300,000,
       a sensibility of 4 nm.
   -   High-resolution transmission electron microscope (JEOL JEM 2010) placed in a
       refrigerated atmosphere for maximum performance; it has the best resolution at night
       during the holidays because even the vibrations of the cars on the street above affect
       the microscope. The role of the researchers that manipulate this material is essential to
       obtain the maximum potential of the machine, and the people at JEOL company
       (Japan) want to hire Boreskov researchers away!
   -   NMR Spectrometer (Bruker, Ultrashield 400WB Plus).
   -   Several Micro-pilots for the testing of catalysts within the Hydrogenation Process
       Department where they work a Russian catalysis for the desulfuring of the Russian
       diesel for compliance with the EURO5 specifications for fuels, instead of buying the
       European technology.




After our visit as it was the day before the last in Russia, we went to the close by supermarket
for some Russian shopping: pickled cucumbers (or pickles), salmon eggs, chocolate and
pastries and of course traditional Russian vodka.

In the evening we had diner in a restaurant with many PhD students of BIC and NSU and
listened to a jazz music concert.

                                                  Laetitia de Navacelle & Vincent Brémond
21-22 May – In Akademgorodok (Novosibirsk)
For our last day in Siberia, visits of geology and archeology museums of Novosibirsk were
planned. We left the hotel at 9 o'clock in the morning accompanied by two Russian students
we met at the French/Russian workshop in Omsk.

We began by visiting the museum of geology (museum of Stone) near to the BIC. The
museum has a rich collection of minerals, decorative and natural stones, rare exhibits from the
pits from all over Siberia and the Far East and synthesized materials such as Diamond,
magnetite, chlorite, calcite, quartz, jade etc...




The guide was very enthusiastic; she explained the myth of each piece in the museum. For
example, there was a meteorite whose weight was about 50 kg and composed mostly of iron
and nickel. If someone manages to lift this meteorite, his sins will be paid! Another example
was the amethyst (purple kind of quartz). This piece was very special because if you put it
under your tongue, you will be able to drink lots of alcohol without getting drunk! Moreover,
there were lots of other stones like malachite (from Zaϊr – Africa), Lazorite (symbol of
happiness and love), Opal (symbol of disaster), the largest diamond of Siberia called "26th
congress of communist of soviet union party", etc...

The guide showed us also on a huge map of Russia the Baikal Lake, situated in south-east
Siberia; it is the oldest (25 million years) and deepest (1,700 m) lake in the world. It contains
20% of the world's total unfrozen freshwater reserve. Known as the 'Galapagos of Russia',
Baikal lake have produced one of the world's richest and most unusual freshwater faunas
which is of exceptional value to evolutionary science. We realized that the Siberian territory is
very rich in natural resources, for instance 50% of the Russian coal resources are located there
not to mention the petroleum resources and the gold resources. Novosibirsk is rich in Iron, gas
and oil.
At the end of the visit, the guide took us to the jewelry store where of course, all the girls
were very excited to buy some while the boys were trying to lift the meteorite...

Then, we went to the museum of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the Siberian
Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Novosibirsk Academgorodok. The institute
was established 33 years ago. The museum of the institute is composed of five sections:
   -   Paleontological section;
   -   Iron Age section;
   -   Middle Age section;
   -   Bronze Age section;
   -   Ethnography section.

Paleontological section includes skeletons of mammoth and ancient bison. Mummies of a
sable and a glutton whose well-preserved bodies were found by scholars after 20 thousand
years in Nizhneudinskaya cave. Archaeological relics constitute a significant part of the
collection. To them refer: stone implements of primitive men, polished stone discs,
spearheads, bone harpoons, figurines of women and birds carved of mammoth tusk.
Fragments of ancient felt carpets, male and female woolen cloths, unique leather, wooden and
golden subjects, decoration of horse harness in form of mythological birds, saddles with
depiction of fishes and wolves, ritual wooden shields, bronze mirrors preserved by geological
and climatic factors.
The center of the exposition is beyond doubt a reconstruction of a noble Scysian woman
burial place. The mummified body in a bright garment, the hands decorated with tattoos in the
form of mythological animals left a deep impression on us. There were also tools, armory,
pieces of art created by people of the Bronze, Iron Age, and Early Middle Ages.
The section of ethnography dedicated to the history of development of more than 30 small
nationalities includes: shaman costumes, crowns, sables and tambourines of Altaian, Khakass,
Touva and Evenki peoples, sacred blankets of Ugrian, clothes sewed of fish skin of the Far
East peoples, a unique reconstruction of ancient sanctuary of Mansi People, a great amount of
festive and everyday costumes, Siberian icons, reconstruction of furniture of a peasant house,
birch bark reciprocals reproduce the history of Setting at Siberia of Russian people.

After such interesting visits, it was time for lunch. In the afternoon, the group was divided
into two parts: some of us went visiting the city of Novosibirsk and the others spent the
afternoon sleeping or shopping.




Our last dinner took place in a typical Russian restaurant with some of our Russian college
who were very kind of offering us gifts. After a delicious meal, most of us decided to spend
the last night at the "Bunker", a night club while the others went to the hotel...
After a long night, our trip finally arrived to its end. At 7 o'clock in the morning, we took the
bus to the airport of Novosibirsk. Our plane took off at 10:35 AM and landed at 11:40 AM at
the Moscow airport. The flight to Paris was planned at 20:35 PM. So, we stayed at the airport,
and spent the day sleeping, playing cards or trying to spend the few Rubles left.
At 22.30 PM we arrived in Paris. It was time to say goodbye and to go home…




                                                                 Marc Elia & Thomas Millan
Future recommendations

In order to keep the ADIFP Russia trip 2010 as beneficial as possible, it is important to
provide a feedback on what could be improved.
In addition, in this section, some of the successful elements of the trip will also be listed so
that next years committees can duplicate them.

Things that were done well and should be continued:

   -   Visits: an interesting content that is rewarding for all the different profiles of our PhD
       students covering engineering, industrial R&D and also academic research.
   -   Real-Experience of the country: an important factor of the success of this trip was to
       have a real experience of the country we were. Being welcomed and accompanied by
       colleagues and friends in our trip made it an enjoyable experience.
   -   Schedule: with the large number of visits scheduled, all the participants enjoyed every
       single hour spent in this trip.

Suggestions that will make the trip even more successful:

   -   Visas: After this trip, a thought for the persons that were enthusiastic to take part of
       this trip but finally due to visa issues, they were not able to be with us.
                                               – Vahid, Tuan and Lun –
       In the future, to avoid visa issues, a solution will be to fix the schedule of the trip and
       to finalize the participants list months before the trip (at least 2 months).
   -   Flights: booking flights 3-4 months before the trip could give us the possibility to
       choose the dates we want for the trip, and avoid constraining our flights dates with
       tickets prices that get more and more expensive because of holidays in May.
Conclusion

ADIFP organizes a study trip each year to give to PhD students the opportunity to discover a
new country and its industrial challenges and its academic activities about oil and gas
industry. This will enable the students to create their professional networks and lead their
professional carrier according to their interest, knowledge and expertise.

This year, we visited Russia with the world's largest natural gas reserve and a huge amount of
oil and coal reserves. It is also the world's leader gas exporter and the second largest oil
producer and exporter. Its high-quality industrial and academic activity offered for us the
opportunity to visit both upstream and downstream companies and to visit laboratories
leading outstanding research. Moreover, meeting Russian students through the Russian-
French workshop was a great opportunity to exchange our experience with them. Such an
experience is worthy to be repeated and shared with all our PhD students. That's why, a
project of a second French-Russian workshop for students and young scientists will be
probably organized in the future in France, precisely in Lyon, where all the Russian young
scientists will be welcomed to visit some French institutes, in particular the IFP and to
participate in a scientific workshop.

We hope that this study trip was a great experience for everyone, both French and Russian
students, industrial and academics and we would like to thank again all the people who have
contributed in organizing this trip. We also want to wish good luck and courage for the
following adventures of the annual ADIFP study trips.


                                               The ADIFP Study Trip Committee 2010
                                  Zyed Bouzarkouna, Marie Chauve and Marie Savonnet
              ipants
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              « By Far, one of the most impressive experiences
              I have ever had: more than interesting visits
              and a more than wonderful atmosphere... For
              all those who have participated to this trip, I
              owe a special THANKS. For all our sponsors, for
              all the companies and institutes who
              welcomed us and for all the friendly Russians          « We were very lucky to be welcomed in
who accompanied us discovering their magnificent                     every city we visited (Moscow, Omsk,
country and made this trip far from clichés and a real               Novossibirsk) by students and
experience !!!                                                       professors of the local universities. We
I couldn't write something about this trip and forget to             were taken care of as if we were their
mention the two special organizers I had the chance to               own family, and the success of the trip
work with: Marie Chauve and Marie Savonnet. It's thanks              would not have been possible without
to both of you that this event had come true!!                       their help! After the large capital, we flew to Siberia, were
Thanks to everyone who had participated in making such               time flies a little slower and we had a true Siberian
an experience possible, for all of us!! »                            experience with the cold in the taiga forest. We took part
                                                                     of a Russian seminar on catalysis, and got to meet
                          Zyed Bouzarkouna                           many young students like ourselves. This trip made me
               Ph.D. Student in Reservoir Engineering                feel like I really visited Russia and not only the clichés
                                                                     of the country, and I very much want to go back and
                                                                     visit more ! »
                                                                                          Laetitia de Navacelle
                                                                                             Ph.D. Student in Economics



                                    « All I can say is "No place like Russia…"
                                    I really enjoyed my time back there, I think that both
                                    Marie's and of course Zyed made a terrific job, thank
                                    you very much for everything and a special thanks to
                                    the Russians who made this trip exceptional... As for
                                    all of you guys and girls it was a pleasure knowing
                        you, hope that we will keep in touch.
                        Zazdarovia »
                                                                        Marc Elia
                                                      Ph.D. Student in Process Modeling
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                                                             « The trip to Russia was simply
            « The ADIFP 2010 trip in Russia was              awesome. I spent really good time with
            very great. I really enjoyed this                the French and Russian Students.
            experience. I will always remember               The Russian people who welcomed us
            the welcoming of Russian people in               were very kind with us, I have realized
            Siberia. I want to thank the                     they did their best to make us enjoy
            organizers Zyed and both Marie's,                their country. My best memory will be
            and all the participants for this                forever the bania with Natalia and the other girls!
moment. »                                                    Thanks a lot to everybody and especially to both
                                                             Marie and Zyed for the great organization! »
                         Thomas Millan
            Ph.D. Student in Applied Chemistry                                         Laure Braconnier
                                                                                      Ph.D. Student in Chemistry




                       « Thanks a lot to all the organizers, the hosts and the
                       participants for this trip. The Moscovite culture, with the
                       Kremlin, the Red Place, the cathedrals, etc. was a real enjoyment
                       for our eyes. A big thanks to the Gubkin's University staff and
                       students who guide us in Moscow.
                       The warm welcome of our Siberian hosts combined to the cold
                       temperature has contributed to make the second part of this trip
            really cool. The Russian-French workshop was a success as the other Siberians activities,
            especially the Bania, which was really pleasant.
            Finally, thanks to everyone who received us and provided logistic, spending their time
            to make this trip a true success. Sincelery, Hoel and Xavier »

                                  Xavier Tunc                                Hoel Langouet
              Ph.D. Student in Applied Mathematics          Ph.D. Student in Applied Mathematics
                   ipants
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               « I completely agree with one of
               my colleagues who said that there            « I really enjoyed this week, I never
               is no place like Russia, I say that          been welcome as in Russia. My only
               not because I'm Russian but                  regret was to return so soon, and
               because during all the trip the              leave the Russian wonders. Special
               welcome was just awesome and I               thanks to both Marie, Zyed and all
               had the opportunity to feel the real         Russian people who made this trip
Russian soul. So, many thanks for all people who            possible. Baci!! »
made this trip just perfect. »
                                                                                      Arnaud Bourlon
                            Samir Touzani                                Ph.D. Student in Physics & Chemistry
         Ph.D. Student in Reservoir Engineering




                             « This trip in Russia was amazing and I would like to
                             thank all the people who make this trip a sucess:
                             The Gubkin University and its students for their help in
                             Moscow
                             Total and Schlumberger for their interesting overview about
                             russian projects
                             The BIC, its students and especially Natalia to have shown
             that Siberia in a one of the greatest place in Russia!
             All the participants and my colleagues from the organization team for their
             motivation
              And obviously all our financial supports!
             We had a really good experience in Russia and we hope to see our Russian colleagues in
             France for the second Russian-French workshop! »
                           Marie Chauve                                  Marie Savonnet
                 Ph.D. Student in Biotechnology                       Ph.D. Student in Catalysis
         ipants
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                                          « The 2010 ADIFP trip to Russia was
                                          amazing! We were so warmly
                                          welcomed by Natalia and the
  « This trip in Russia was really        Russian students in all the places
  unforgettable and I'd like to thank a   we visited (Moscow, Omsk and
  lot Marie Chauve, Marie Savonnet et     Novosibirsk). We also discovered
  Zyed Bouzarkouna for allowing us        delicious meals (raviolis are not
  to discover a new country and a         Italian but Russian…), an incredibly rich culture
  new culture. »                          and the unforgettable bania’s experience! Thanks
                                          to Zyed and both Marie’s for having organized so
            Vincent Bremond               well this trip, and thanks to all the participants
          Ph.D. Student in Economics      for their motivation and happiness.
                                          Спасибо! »
                                                       Deborah Bouchonneau
                                                             Ph.D. Student in Economics
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