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Are We Moving Toward A More Participatory Democracy by sammyc2007

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									POLITECH INSTITUTE
European Center of Political Technologies

Are We Moving Toward A More Participatory Democracy?
by

Daniel VAN LERBERGHE
President & Executive Director POLITECH INSTITUTE

email: danielvl@politech-institute.org
5th EEEGOV Days - Prague - 13 April 2007

OVERVIEW

 Are We Moving Toward A More Participatory Democracy?
 Modern Politics: Changes & Transformations  From eVoting to eParticipation

 e-Participation: A Bottom Up Revolution  Measuring eDemocracy: Practical Concepts
 The Annual European eDemocracy Award and Report  eParticipation Success Stories from Europe

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Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
Modern Politics: Changes & Transformations

@ The Growing Gap btw Political Actors & Citizens (One-Level Governance & Multi-level Governance):
@ The relationship & constant dialogue btw political actors & citizens; @ The participation of the citizens to the democratic process; @ From GLOBAL to GLOCAL – The GLOBAL role of Communities; @ “Democratic Challenge” of Multi-level Governance - EU; @ “Leadership Challenge”; @ Pressure groups – Lobby, “Altermondialism”, NGOs, Communities; @ The “left behind”  “The Silent Majority”.

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Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
Modern Politics: Changes & Transformations

The knowledge-based Economy  The New knowledge-based Democratic society  The Birth of New Actors
@ The „Political Entrepreneur‟
 More efficient & competitive, mobilize its stakeholders and resources to achieve public affairs objectives;  Create a sustainable relationship with the citizens;  Accountable & respond to the demands of its constituencies;  Increase public support for its actions (National & International);  „Constant Campaign‟;  eChampion.

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Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
Modern Politics: Changes & Transformations

@ The „Active Citizen‟
    Knowledge and service hungry citizens; “Like Politics, Dislike Politicians”; “Wants more for his/her buck” – Transparency, Accountability, Democracy; Transformed by the power of the Internet into opinion makers (e.g. citizen journalism) – 50,000 posts per hour (Technocrati index 2006);  Tangible Results;  The „Active Citizen‟  The „Active Civil Society”.

@ The „Knowledge Civil Servant‟
 Transformation and modernization of the modern state;  Training eChampions

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Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
From e-Voting to e-Participation

eVoting (Estonia general elections (2005), EU eVote project France (2005), GE Switzerland
(2004), Sheffield and Liverpool (2002))

 eCampaigns (UK elections, EU Referendum, French Presidential Elections 2007, US
Presidential Elections 2008)

 eParticipation (UK Local eDem National Project, Issy, Flanders Region)
@ eVoting and Internet Voting
@ @ @ @ The technological dimension: do better and faster through ICT tools; Conclusive Experiences (high voter turnout!); Take-up, legal problems and citizens‟ trust; “eVoting is the visible emerging piece of the eDemocracy iceberg” (Régis Jamin – Europe 2020.org).
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5th EEEGOV Days - Prague - 13 April 2007

Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
From e-Voting to e-Participation

@ eCampaigns / e-Politics
@ The political dimension: bring the political leaders closer to their constituents by better diffusion of their programmes, building political leaders images amongst their constituents, citizen assessment of politicians' decisions and actions; @ Political Communication  eStrategy  Global Strategy; @ Enhance active citizen participation in the political process and to re-bond citizens with their representatives“;
@ “Short Term Vs Long Term”.

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Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
From e-Voting to e-Participation

@ eParticipation
@ The democratic dimension: Citizen participation in the decision-making processes on and off line through forums, polls, propositions of laws and lobbying;
@ The real challenge for eDemocracy‟s future  The Heart of Democracy; @ Enhance active citizen participation in the political process and re-bond citizens with their representatives  Long Term; @ The Fear; @ “Direct Democracy” Vs “Participatory Representative Democracy” @ The natural development of e-Government to e-Democracy
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Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
From e-Voting to e-Participation

THE FEAR

Representative Democracy

Participatory Democracy

Direct Democracy

Figure 1 – Clr. Mary Reid, “Who needs elected representative?” (2005)

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Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
From e-Voting to e-Participation
Strong

Traditional representative democracy

Participatory representative democracy

Citizen participation

Weak

Strong

Dominance by the loudest

Weak
Elected representatives
Direct democracy

Figure 2 – Clr. Mary Reid, “Who needs elected representative?” (2005)

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Are We Moving Toward a More Participatory Democracy?
From e-Voting to e-Participation

POLITICAL ENTREPRENEUR

ENHANCING REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
DECISION-MAKING PROCESS

ACTIVE CITIZEN

KNOWLEDGE CIVIL SERVANT

Figure 3 – The natural development of e-Government to e-Democracy

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e-Participation: A Bottom Up Revolution!

@ The Blogosphere
@ 1 Blog per second – 60X more than 3 years ago (source: Technocrati index 2006); @ Social Networking and Media Convergence (Radio, Vlog, Podcasting); @ Bloggers‟ communities - MySpace, DigitalMotion, YouTube.

@ Citizen Journalism
@ Bloggers as Journalists; @ OhMyNews.com.

@ Second Life (secondlife.com) to Mediascape
@ Avatars - 5 Million; @ Secure Client - One Stop Experience.
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Measuring eDemocracy: Practical Concepts

@ The eDemocracy Value
@ A magnifying glass to analyze the evolution of eDemocracy in Europe; @ A practical concept (T.E. Cook index & Public Value Management (PVM)); @ Confronts a given feature/service disclosed by a website/initiative, providing an added-value to the democratic process of a given community;

@ The POLITECH INDEX (PD; DD; CD; TD); @ The IP-LABEL INDEX;
European e-Democracy index

= Politech index + ip-label index * 100
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The European eDemocracy Award
www.politech-institute.org/edem_award.asp

@ An Annual Trophy  European eDemocracy website/online eDemocracy initiative; @ 50 selected websites/initiatives in the 25 EU Member States; @ 9 categories: European Cities, European Local eDemocracy Projects, European
Policy-makers & Elected Representatives, European Civil Society, European Citizen Journalism & Specialized Press, European Parliaments, European Political Parties & Movements, European Commission and EU Member States;

@ An Annual Report (2005, 2006).

www.iplabel.fr

www.politech-institute.org

w

ww.worldegovforum.org

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The European eDemocracy Award
www.politech-institute.org/edem_award.asp

@ The UK Local eDemocracy National Project (22 projects, 80 tools, multichannel) – Winner 2005
 A unique approach to local democracy, involving all stakeholders in developing policy and holding decision makers to account.

@ The European Commission Debate Europe Portal – Winner 2006
The portal was launched in 21 languages in March 2006 by the EC as part of Plan D for Democracy, Dialogue and Debate to facilitate debate at the European level. Besides taking part in debates, visitors can also read contributions and podcasts by Members of the EC and the President of the Economic and Social Committee.

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eParticipation Success Stories from Europe

@ 2003 Greece Presidency and EU: eVote: vote for the EU you want! @ 2 ways citizen participation: eVote (e.g. questionnaires – raising key issues), eVoices (e.g. open spaces to ask questions); @ No follow up, EuropeDirect, Your Voice in Europe, Vice-President Wallstrom‟s Blog.

@ 2005 Germany: Berlin City eParticipation initiative: Productive (Discussion Forum, WIKI), Inclusive (multi-channel), Transparent (budget) and Responsive (multi-channel); @ From 2002 Finland: eParticipation in Hämeenlinna City  youth, civic education and citizen participation (Web Council), Leadership commitment;
@ 2004-2005 Denmark: S-Dialog - Digital communication & administration platform for a political party; @ 2005 French EU Constitution Referendum – Etienne Chouard The "Don Quichotte du non”;

@ 2006 EU: DEMONET IST Project - promote & develop technological & socio-technical excellence in the emerging field of e-Participation;

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Thank You!

Daniel van Lerberghe
email: danielvl@politech-institute.org POLITECH INSTITUTE European Center of Political Technologies
Address: Saint Bernard, 67 – Brussels B-1060 – Belgium email: info@politech-institute.org – website: www.politech-institute.org

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